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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 24, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCt THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AUL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL Aaodated Fm ind United FKH rull Leued Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 24 1947 Poor Consists at Two SectionsSection One No 297 WHOLESALE FOOD PRICES GO DOWN RUSSIA IN SERIES OF UN JEST VOTES AmericanSponsored Issues Are Placed on Assemblys Agenda Lake Success Batteret and beaten by a majority whicl no veto could block Russia found herself Wednesday in a weak mi nority position in her contest with the United Statesfor leadership in the United Nations assembly A series of assembly test votes produced that result Overwhelm ing majorities crushed soviet op position and placed firmly on the assemblys agenda for this session the Americansponsored issues of Greece Korea and anew veto free security agency Similarly on an Argentine pro posal supported by the United States for revision of the Italian peace treaty the assembly voted to put the question on the agenda for future full consideration despite the fact that Russia ob jected and Britain and Prance took a haidsoff attitude The United States joined Rus sia against Britain Wednesday in a successful Soviet move to block immediate debate on the report of the United Nations trusteeship council Russia boycotted this major U N organ at all its meetings which began last winter to watch over the worlds 300000000de pendent peoples The U S move was interpreted as aconciliatory gesture follow ing Tuesdays appeal by Secre taryGeneral Trygve Lie for big power cooperation The new big power clash on trusteeship cameamid these other developments 1 The United Slates delegation was reported working on a plan for a special watch dog com mission to help restore peace in the Balkans under assembly au thority 2 Warren R Austin No 2 U S delegate was unanimously elected chairman of the assemblys new committee on planning and fi nancing the projected worldcapi tal on Manhattans east side 3 A fight over the Union of South Africas refusalto submit the mandated territory of South West Africa for trusteeship was delayed until Thursday after South Africa demanded more time to prepare her statement 4 Mrs Franklin D Roosevelt has been selected by Secretary of State Marshall with indicated white house approval to take a role in answering Andrei Y Vishinskys charges that there is warmongering in the United States Diplomatic authorities said the meaning of the votes washighly important for the rest of this ses sion They predicted that Russia would gain little support for her resolution to condemn alleged warmongering in the United States but that the United States would put over easily its program for action by the assembly in the face of Russian protests Barring some unexpected de velopment it appeared that the split in the United Nations has gone about as far as it can go for the time being s Still a matter of highpriority speculation among diplomats is the possibility that after the United States wins its expected assembly victory the Russians may decline to cooper ate either with the projectednew security agency or the special Greek border agency which Sec retary of State Marshall has pro posed Abnormal Crops in AtomBombed Nagasaki Fields Tokyo crops in atom bombed Nagasaki have shown increases of from 50 to 300 per cent over the normal yield Takeo Furuno Nagasaka prefectural agricultural expert told Kyodo News agency Wednes day He said increased output with some freak developments was noted in all food plants except dry rice and lentils which had not matured The wheat crop Furuno said was about twice normal and the cotton crop 3 times the average Sweet potatoes planted at the end of May were ready for harvest ing at the end of July he ex plained Pumpkins sugar beets toma toes eggplants and similar pro duce snowed a 50 per cent in crease over previous production the agriculturist reported He said some pumpkins showed this de velopment The skin developed into a leaf and then a bud and finally became a 2nd pumpkin urricane Carries Deadly Jap War Mines to Atlantic Beach Miami Fla hurricanechurned Atlantic spewed 6 deadly Japanese antishipping mines onto the beach near Fort Pierce the coast guard reported Wednesday The mines fully armed were found as coast guardsmen made a routine check of the Atlantic beaches following the hurricane a week ago No official theory was advanced as to how the mines might have made a 20000 mile trip around Cape Horn into the Atlantic An un official explanation was that Japan gave mines to Italy when that axis nation ran low of explosives and the mines were planted by Italian submarines Mine disposal crews were summoned from the 7th naval district headquarters at Jacksonville Scrutinize Plan for Single Commander of Home Defense Secretary Forrestal Reveals No Decision Yet on New Proposal Washington proposal that a single military commander be made responsible for defense of the continental United States is under study by the new unified high command Secretary of Defense Forrestal told a news conference Tuesday that the plan proposed several months ago as a part of the armed forces unification program still is being scrutinized but that no de cision has been reached The new national defense act makes no specific provision for such a command but it leaves the way open in a section covering the joint chiefs of staff the military commanders of the army navy andair force plus the chief of staff to the president The duties of the staff that section says in cludes the establishment of uni fied commands in strategic areas when such unified commands are ii the interest ofnational sej curity In some military quarters this is interpreted to mean that the socalled zone of the interior meaning the continental United States could be considered a stra tegic area requiring an overall command The unified command inder which a single commander s chosen from army navy or air depending on the dominating fac or of defense in the area een in effect in overseas and cffshore theaters since early in he year Advocates of the plan for the zone of the interior say that among other things it would pre clude any possible argument or confusion over where the respon sibilities of one service left off and another began They recalled disagreements in the past over the vertical wall along the nations coastlines where the navy claimed responsi jility fpr all activity beyond the waterlihe x and the army inside that line The advent of air power with range over both land and sea aggravated the arguments JS Warns Yugoslavia to Stop Ultimatums to Us British in Trieste Washington IF The United States government has called upon Yugoslavia to stop the ex ceedingly dangerous practice of ssuing ultimatums to British and American troops in the Trieste area because it is likely to pre cipitate incidents leading to most serious consequences Under Secretary of State Co bert Lovett told a news confer ence Wednesday that American Ambassador Cavendish Cannon lad expressed this view in a pro est presented in Belgrade The American note referred to recent irresponsible Yugoslav actions when Marshall Titos roops demanded alterations in he provisional boundary between he BritishUnited States zone of he free territory of Trieste and Yugoslavia SECRETARY FORRESTAL Home Defense Flan Touchof Winter Weather Due Iowa Des Moines of real winter weather is in store for lowans Wednesday night The weather bureau in a late morning weather report forecast much copier weather with dimin ishing winds and frost for Wednes day night The temperature is ex pected to fall below freezing in the northwest portion of the state Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearing and much cooler with diminishing winds and frost Wednesday night Thursday fair and continued cool Low near 30 Wednesday night high Thursday 50 Iowa Clearing and much cooler with diminishing winds and frost Wednesday night Thurs day fair and continued cool Partly cloudy and warmer Fri day and Saturday Temper atures Thursday will range from average lows of 30 to av erage highs of 50 northwest and 35 to 56 southeast On Friday from 42 to 68 northwest and 38 to 68 southeast Minnesota Clearing with dimin ishing winds and colder with frost andfreezing temperatures Wednesday night Thursday fair and continued cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum 54 Minimum 41 78 44 51 Order SteppedUp Drive to Hit British Fascism Revival London high government source reported Wednesday that the government had ordered a steppedup campaign to crush a re vival of fascism in Britain as manifested in recent mass meetings in the slum area of the London east end The government sonrce said the home office bad directed police o watch closely London meetings and similar ones in Liverpool and ither industrial centers qllowers of Sir Oswald Mosley he British fascist leader bare been active The police have been instructed b record carefully the statements if the speakers at these gather ngs with a view to prosecution af persons guilty of incitement to iriolence against the Jewish com munity the spokesman said He said the existing laws were sufficient to deal with the sit uation in the governments view nd that the new campaign was irected at closer application of he existing law The campaign was described as molting from pressure by the labor party and complaints from nonpolitical groups who are in creasingly concerned over the nasty situation in the east end The law against incitement to violence against public law and order is of broad scope the source observed The mere holding of fascist beliefs is not ground for prosecu tion but active antisemitism is he said The law gives consider ation to where a statement is is a flagrant anti semitic statement made publicly in an area where there is a Jew ish population is grounds for pro secution TRUMAN CALLS CABINET TALK ON FOOD ISSUE Invites Congressional Leaders to Meeting on Home Abroad Situation Washington yp Presidenl Truman summoned his cabinet into special session Wednesday and invited congressional leaders to the white house Monday to discuss thegeneral food situation at home and abroad An official told a reporter the cabinet discussion involves the general food situation presum ably including European reliel and the effect this may have on the high cost of living in the Unit ed States There were these developments 1 Senator Taft disclosed in Se attle that Mr Truman has asked republican and democratic con gressional leaders to discuss with him Monday the world food sit uation as it relates to proposed exports under the Marshall plan of aiding European recovery 2 An allied Big 3 commission agreed to restore to European na tions in gold seized from them by the Germans during the war and since recovered by allied troops Undersecretary of State Robert Lovett said U S French and British representa tives said about half of this can be distributed by Oct 15 but it will provide only brief relief Lovett said additional money would be required before the end of the year 3 Top level American officials are arriving or are enroute home to give President Truman and Secretary of State Marshall first hand information on European conditions and on the 16nation Paris conference calculations that will beneededJ in outside aid Chiefly from the United States to help rebuild Eu rope in the next 4 years 4 Myron Taylor Mr Trumans special representative to theVati can told reporters in New York upon arrival Wednesday that in his tour of Europe he observed a pretty sad picture politically and economically He will report to Mr Truman next week along with William L1 Clayton under secretary of state for economic af fairs and Lewis W Douglas am bassador to Great Britain 5 Secretary of Agriculture An derson said Mr Truman is near ing completion of a statement on the food situation After a white house call he said he believes it will be issued Thursday The president has arranged a news conference for a m 6 An official told reporters a special government committee headed by Secretary of Interior Krug has found the United States has sufficient resources to meet most of the requirements of the Marshall plan The report ex pected to be submitted to Mr Truman this week will show that adjustments or substitutions probably will have to be made in the case of some scarce commodi ties These include wheat coal steel nitrogen fertilizer and some industrial equipment The Krug committee is one of several surveying U S resources under Mr Trumans direction A nongovernmental study of re sources is headed up by Secretary of Commerce Harriman and an economic study by Dr Edwin G Nourse economic advisory coun cil chairman 416 Herefords Sell for Total Gunnison Cole worlds recordin private stock sales was set Tuesday night when the auc tion of 416 purebred Herefords for a total of wound up on the Dan Thornton ranch The blooded Herefords sold in 380 lots for an average of more than double the former per lot worlds record set at the Jack Turner ranch in Fort Worth in 1946 The 2nd day of the sales dragged a little slower than the pace of the first and prices for the same type of cattle were noticeably slower During World war I Russians ate grass leaves and bark of trees during food shortage SAME White flu no tritfio 4eiU In put honri AP Wlrephoto 2 Ried 60 walks through gates of a New Jersey state mental hospital at Trenton N J Wednesday with his 83 year old mother Mrs Mary Ried of Trenton after he was released from the hospital on an ordet by Vice Chancellor Wilfred H Jayne whodeclared the man was hot a patient tout a prisoner for 20 years Senator Taft Is Booed During His Defense of New Labor Act Says Protest Methods Will Help Republicans Sweep Next Election Seattle snarling heck ling demonstration blamed by a GOP leader on communists prompted Senator Taft ROhio to predict Wednesday that such protest methods the republicans win the next election Ignoring those of his listeners who booed lustily his defense of the TaftHartley labor act the senator called for a reduction in taxes to help cut the high cost of living Keeping a bandaged left hand carefully at his side Taft returned to a discussion of major political issues after an unruly meeting Tuesday night in which the small minority of an audience overflow ing a 2100seat auditorium noisily walked out during the senators denunciations of labor leaders who have criticized the new law As the departing hecklers shouted Weve had enough Taft his face The whole propaganda against the TaftHarley act relies on at tempts to silence the arguments in favor of that act The audience preponderantly republican drowned in resound ing cheers the booing and the cat calls of those who were departing Previously Taft had been in jured in the confusion at a rail sta tion demonstration that Wilbur Zundel president of the Young Mens Republican club had said could only have been put on by communuists As placard bearing picketers mingled with cheering admirers of the Ohio senator a nervous driver slammed a car door on Tafts left hand Dr Donald T Hall a rela tive by marriage said after sewing 6 stitches in Tafts hand that the wound would leave no permanent injury The mishap occurred when the Ohio senator ordered the car stopped to take aboard Rep Homer R Jones who voted against the TaftHartley bill Last year Jones defeated former Rep Hugh De Lacy democrat who led the railroad station hecklers Confronted by organized booing Taft told Tuesday nights audience that the vociferous demonstra tions such as he then was receiv ing and had been subjected to at the railroad station could only result in helping the republicans win the next election Mrs Taft introduced from the stage remarked smilingly that the picket line through which she had walked with her husband to enter the hall booed in a rather half learted way She added that by Jie broad way some of them smiled Im sure they must be re publicans Mrs Taft shared the spotlight with her husband Wednesday with a scheduled luncheon speech be fore Republican Womens club At the same time Taft was to speak before a mens luncheon club In a manuscript prepared for this address Taft attacked what he said was the fantastic theory of President Trumans aaministraT tion that a general pattern of wage and salary increases could be adopted without increasing prices He criticized also what he said was the democrats undue liber ality of lending dollars all over the world and the refusal to re duce government expenses and taxes Electrical Union to Purge RedBaiters Boston IJR CIO electrical workers after 5 hours of debate Wednesday overwhelmingly adopted a resolution designed to purge an anticommunist faction from their largest in the CIO The vote was 3817 in favor of the resolution and 596 in opposi tion The resolution was directed againstan organization known as UE members for democratic ac tion headed by national secre tarytreasurer James BJ Carey It said the group had no pro gram other than redbaiting and disruption and no purpose save to capture for outsiders control of the NLRB to Test NoContract Union Policy Washington IF Robert N Denham general counsel of the national labor relations board Wednesday challenged the no contract policy of the APL Typo graphical union as an unfair labor practice under the TaftHartley act A complaint by Denham against the International union and Balti more Local No 12 will be heard by a regional examiner in Balti more Oct 6 Jacob L Edelman attorney rep resenting the Baltimore local promised to battle the complaint every inch of the way Denham accused the ITU and its affiliate of refusing to bar gain collectively in good faith with 22 Baltimore printing firms organized as the Graphic Arts League The TaftHartley act for the first time makes unions legally liable for unfair labor practices and defines refusal to bargain as such a practice In order to get around a pro vision of the TaftHartley act which bans closed shops the ty pographers have adopted a policy of posting in a place of employ ment the conditions under which members will work The condi tion may include a statement that they will work only with printers who are ITU members No contract is signed with the em ployer The Baltimore local followed this policy The Graphic Arts League contended it constituted a refusal to bargain and 10 days ago asked Denham to step in The Baltimore regional exam iner who holds the hearing will report to the national labor rela tions board If the board upholds the complaint it may order the ITU and local No 12 to stop the practice and if necessary ask the courts to enforce the order This would open the way nor an eventual supreme court test Denhams complaint issued through NLRB Regional Director Ross M Madden at Baltimore charged the ITU and its local with restraining and coercing the printing shops in the selection of plant foremen as well as refusing to bargain Edelman said the union offi cers deny emphatically any such charges and declared I feel it was the impetuous action of someone in Washington who authorized the issuance of the complaint There was no threatening action I know of to justify the complaint Standard Time Returns Sunday to 16 States New York time returnsat 2 a m Sunday to the communities in 16 states where daylight saving time was adopted 22 weeks ago About 45000000 Americans most of them residents of the northeast can set their clocks back an hour Saturday night and sleep that much later Sunday morning LOOK INS IDE Iowa Farmers Warned of Slump in Livestock See page 2 Permit Required to Burn Leaves in City See page 13 Greater Algona Days Planned for Oct 34 See page 4 Dodger Youths Draw Praise From Rickey See page 11 Soviet Union to Boost Wages and Pensions for Coal Miners Moscow government called on Russian coal miners Wed nesday to step up production and at the same time announced that they were getting sizable wage increases and insurance pension housing and educational benefits The wage increase will be given in the form of bonuses based on length of service and ranging from 10 per cent after one year to 30 per cent after 15 years The dispatch did not specify any sums involved in the wage and benefit increases Sick pay was increased to 100 per cent and pensions to 50 per cent of the final wage Retire ment can begin at 50 years for miners with at least 20 years service Pensioners under the new de cree will retain their full rights of nospitalization and rest homes for themselves and their fam Hies They can purchase houses and property from the coal enter prises where they worked or can retain for life the apartment m which they lived They also can continue to send their children to the schools of the enterprises where they were employed The decree also provided for a 50 per cent decrease in the tuition fee for the children of miners SURVEY SHOWS SOME LETUP ON BUYING BUDGET Index Reveals Drop of 21 Cents During Last Week on Foods By UNITED PRESS Dun Bradstreets index ot wholesale food prices dropped 21 cents inthe last week while a survey by United Press showed Wednesday that tower grocery counter prices in many cities had eased some of the strain on the housewifes budget The Dun Bradstrect index dropped to ending a 4week increase which boosted the index to an alltime high of week before last Price declines were recorded on flour wheat corn rye oats barley beef hams bel lies lard butter beans potatoes rice currants steers bogs and lambs The wholesale price of cheese cottonseed oil cocoa and prunes went up while coffee sugar tea peas peanuts eggs molasses rais ins and sheep were unchanged On the Chicago board of trade grain prices seesawed nervously after Sen Ralph Flanders R Vt again urged President Truman to curb speculation on the nations grain markets and recommended higher margins Wheat futures closed 2 to 4 cents lower but corn prices generally were about 2 cents higher than Tuesdays closing prices Shell eggs and butter continued to drop on the Chicago mercantile ex change The midwestern cattle and hog market was 25 to 50 cents low er The price of butter was down from 1 to 4 cents a pound the survey showed and eggs have fal len off as much as 14 cents a doz en in some cities Bacon increased slightly in several places but dropped as much as 10 cents a pound in other cities The price of ribbed roast beef dropped 21 cents a pound in some cities this past week Pork loin prices were down as much as 11 cents a pound Hamburger prices were steady in most cities Meanwhile in Washington the agriculture departmentsaid there was far less danger of a depression now than after World war I How ever the department said it would be rash to dismiss the possibility of a depression altogether The department added that it the inflation does burst and cause a depression it probably would be short lived The national economy would recover rapidly to higher economic levels than in the pre war years it said The drop in retail food prices probably was due to 2 reasons 1 Generally lower markets since Sept 3 2 A surge in buyer re sistance In New York for example buy er resistance against egg prices has been particularly strong Dur ing the past week the price of eggs has dropped from 99 to 85 cents a dozen in some stores Wednesdays price survey showed Butter Detroit prices were down to 89 cents a pound Wednes day A week ago butter sold for 90 cents San Francisco prices have dropped from a week ago to 96 cents a pound At Atlanta the price was down 2 cents to 95 cents Ground Round Min neapolis the price remained steady at 55 cents a pound San Fran cisco prices also were steady at 75 cents Rolled Rib Roast Roast that sold for a pound in New York a week ago dropped to be tween 85 cents a pound and a pound In Philadelphia the price was down 21 cents to 89 cents a pound St Louis showed a drop of 7 cents to 83 cents a pound In Minneapolis roast rose from 49 cents a pound to 59 cents Pork price was up 1 cent in Atlanta to 68 cents a pound Detroit showed a 6 cents a pound decrease to 73 cents St Louis pork loin dropped to 69 cents from 80 cents a week ago In New York where the price was 72 cents last week pork loin sold as low as 65 cents a pound 4 Killed in Collision of Tanker and Freighter Mascna N Y coal freighter Milverton collided with a fully loaded oil tanker in the Saint Lawrence river Wednesday killing at least 4 crewmen and injuring more than a dozen others Only one of the dead was iden tified He was listed as William Robertson of Toronto Ont at Hepburn hospital at Ogdensburg Three other bodies removed from the Milverton were uniden tified
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