Thursday, August 14, 1947

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHiORS vouun PMM ind United JPrtw Full Leued Wire Cents a Copy MASON CITS IOWA THUKSDAY AUGUST H 1947 Thli Paper Consist rf Two HOME EDITION No MS U S SETS TIME LIMIT ON KOREA VIOLENCE MARS BIRTH OF NEW MOSLEM STATE Lord Mountbatten Will Surrender Britains Power to Hindus Friday Karachi surren dered the reins of government t the Moslem dominion of Pakista Thursday against a backdrop o deadly communal rioting in th Punjabwhich piled up a toll o hundredsdead and wounded Even as the viceroy Lor Mountbatten turned over the ROV ernment to the Moslems In this Pakistan capital wide areas o Lahore were in flames Sine dawn Wednesday by reliable tin official count 153 were killed ahi 136 were wounded In Lahore capital of the Punjab In Calcutta capital of Bengal an angry mob of Hindu youths cast stones and invaded the resi dence where Mohandas K Gandh has set up a joint peace missioi with the Moslem premier of Ben gal H S Ssuhrawardy Gandhi faced theyouths with a demand that they foreswear violence The youths listened i silence and then went away Here in Karachi Lord Mount batten hailed the coming to power of the Moslem dominion of Pakis tan at midnight as an event in history Tomorrow the viceroy de dared in afarewell address be fore the Pakistan constituent as sembly two new sovereign states will take their place in the commonwealth not younf na tions but heirs of an old and proui civilization full independent states whose leaders are states men already known and respectei throughout the wfrld not im mature governments or weak but fitto carry on thejr grea share of responsibility for peace and procress in the world The viceroyreturns to New IJel hi Friday to surrender British power to Hindu India and become governor general of that new do minion Even as he spoke in Karachi blood was being spilled in com munal strife in the Punjab where fighting between Moslems on the one hand and Sikhs and Hindus on the other reached new heights of destruction and violence Lahore the capital of the vast northern province which is being split between Moslem Pakistan and Hindu India counted its casualties in the hundreds after long hours of rioting and flames sweptthrough much of the city The fighting also fanned out injo Amritsar and other outlying areas of the Punjab Oust 10 More US Employes for Security Washington civil ser vice commission disclosed Thurs day thatit has found 10 additional state department employes ineligi ble for government employment for loyalty reasons all of them involving communism 20 the number of state department workers re moycdsince July 1 1946 for se curity reasons The commission announcement was contained in a letter to Chair man Rees RKans of the house civil service committee which has been studying employe loyalty The commission said that during the 9 months from July 11946 to March 31 1947 14 applicants for state department jobs were fourid ineligible 11 of them because of communism During the same period the commission said 10 employes lost thir jobs for the same reason 2 having been discharged and 8 oth ers separated from government employment by administrative action A commission spokesman said the 10 are in addition to 10 other employes whose dismissal as bad security risks was announced by Secretary Marshall recently The commission said a continu ing check is being made of all per sonnel of the state department as well as other agencies It promised Rees reports soon on employes of the atomic energy commission and the federal reserve system The commission said there have been no employes found ineligible for loyalty reasons in the railroad retirement board the national housing agency the budget bu reau the Smithsonian institution the war assets administration the federal trade commission the of fice of scientific research and de velopment and the Philippine alien property administration AP Wire photo EVICTED Mrs Merle Wilson director of the World Youth Federation and her attendant Leonard Watson talk things over after their eviction Wednesday from an apartment in East Aurora N Y Their landlady accused them of creating a nuisance by wearing white robes and g9ing barefooted 1st Heavy Rain in More Than Month Brings Relief to Iowa Iowa Falls Iowa City Report More Than Inch of Rainfall Wednesday By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Thefirst heavy rain in more han a month fell in parts of Iowa Wednesday and Wednesday night Falls and Iowa Qity re wried more than an inch anc here were lesser amounts in other sections The Des Moines weather bureau said Iowa Falls had 132 and Iowa 102 Other amounts included Dskaloosa 73 Ames 34 Mason 3ty 23 Atlantic airport 27 Bur lington 19 Albia 12 Forest City 11 and Lamoni 05 Hamburg reported an unofficial lalf inch As a result of the precipitation emperatures in the state were to tay below the 90degree mark Thursday The weather bureau said even where there was no rain the cool er weather would be beneficial to arm crops Burlington and Oskaloosa lotted 98degree readings for Wednesdays high reading Low orthe night was 49 at Spencer The weather bureau at Chicago aid hot weather would continue hursday in Illinois Indiana and he southeastern half of lower lichigan but that cooler air was working into those areas and should bring relief by nightfall There were reports of scattered oaking rains in some localities he forecaster said notably in ex reme southern Kansas the Okla homa and Texas Panhandles outheasterh Colorado and in northern Michigan and Wisconsin Mother and Daughter billed in Car Wreck Adel Anna Novak bout 73 whose husband is presi ent of the Central Hoofing corn any at Omaha and her daughter Anna Zelenka about 50 were tilled Friday morning when their utomobile overturned 5 miles west of here on highway 6 Sylvia Zelenka about 17 was njured in the accident and taken o a Des Moines hospital Meth The occupants were thrown rom the machine Sylvia being ossed about 40 feet against a ence Mrs Zelenka was thrown pon the pavement and her moth er was pinned beneath the car rhen it fell upon her SAME Bbek flai fratfli 4utli 14 la vast Report FORECAST IWuan City Fair Thursday night becoming partly cloudy anc warmer Friday with rain show ers in vicinity late Friday Low Thursday night 65 high Friday 88 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with some chance of scattered thunder showers in extreme southwesl Thursday night Cooler south and east Thursday night Slight ly warmer Friday Low Thurs day night 52 northwest to 63 southeast High Friday d588 Minnesota Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday Warmer Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 39 Minimum 56 At 8 a m Thursday 68 Precipitation 23 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 56 ARABS AND JEWS IN NEW RIOTING 13 Killed iV4 Days of Jerusalem Fighting Jerusalem of Arabs charged out of the orange groves fringing Tel Aviv Thurs day and attacked passing Jews in the gravest outburst of Arabic Jewish violence since the riots of 193639 Four days of sporadic skirmish ing tathe JaffaTel Aviv border zone erupted in a pitched battle and sabotage with guns daggers and torches Early reports while the fighting still was going 4 Jews were tilled and 20 wounded Two dead Jews were taken to the Hadassah hospital at Tel Aviv Nine others were known to be gravely injured At least 10 Jews and 3 Arabs lad been killed in the 4 dayswith the injured mounting above 60 British troops and police by the inndreds swarmed to the battle ront Thursday and began round ng up Arab bands of various sizes which sniped at Jewish transport rom the orange groves and sallied forth for close quarter Two Jewish factories were burned and several others were set on fire Most of the blazes were brought under control in short or der A correspondent who reached he scene with police said factories and machines were a shambles The rattle of gunfire still was leard in various sectors largely nside the orange groves into which the Arabs had been herded TRUMAN HINTS NO LABORBOSS PARLEY PLANS President Hopes for Results From Probe on High Prices in U S Washington Truman indicated Thursday he has no plans to call a laborman agement conference such as the CIO proposed as a move to seek voluntary cuts in prices Mr Truman was asked to com ment at a news conference on the CIO proposal In reply Mr Tru manrecalled that in November 1945 he called a labormanage ment conference He commented that it was not successful The 1945 conference was con cerned with labor relations and economic matters The president said he heartily endorsed the price investigation just undertaken by Attorney Gen eral Clark and hopes it will ob tain results Clark has ordered the justice departments antitrust division to investigate food clothing and housing prices to determine whether there are any conspira cies to raise prices A reporter asked Mr Truman if he meant by his remarks that he hoped Clark could check the rise in prices or simply point out those who have combined to keep prices up beyond normal profit margins The president said the reporters would have to wait and see but he thought that the investigation would be more likely to point out those who are holding prices up unnecessarily However he said he couldnt answer until the investigation was completed v iit On a related1 matter Mr Tru man said he has a cabinet food committee looking into the crop outlook to determine whatever steps may be necessary as to ex ports President Truman also declared that he sees nothing on the hori zon to require a special session of congress thus virtually eliminat ing possibility of legislative action this year on new funds to aid Europes recovery The presidents remark came when he declined to comment on the current talks on increasing Ruhr coal production or on the general British financial crisis Mr Truman said that he would be unable to supply figures on iow much the Marshall plan will cost He pointed out that any estimate will depend upon sur veys by this country as well as the results of the Paris conference on Secretary Marshalls suggestion they get together on a selfhelp plan The president said that he would favor holding the 1948 Democratic convention anywhere the national committee decides He said he had not expressed a preference on the site In response to questions Mr Truman added that the selection of a new Democratic national the event Robert E Sanhegan steps a matter for the Democratic Na tional committee Burns House to Oust Termites Sturbridge Mass R Martel got rid of the termites in his house by burning the place down on the hottest night of the year A crowd of 500 watched as the World war U veteran poured gaso line on a pile of timber on the firstfloor of the 2story dwelling put a match to it In 40 minutes the 125yearold home was reduced to ashes The fire was set with the approval of Fire Chief John B Cartier When Martel bought the house a month ago he thought he and his wife had solved the housing shortage He found instead that the beams window frames and flooring were so honeycombed with termites that the building was beyond repair Martel plans to build a new home on what can be salvaged from the foundation Remember Just 2 Years Ago Historys Worst War Ended MacArthur Asks Efforts by Japs World Seeking Secure Peace By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The greatesfwar in history came to an end 2 years ago Thursday with the surrender of Japan The surrender announcement vas made in a broadcast by Em peror Hlrohito the earnest little man whosepowers have been wiped away in these last 2 years but whose people still treat him with reverence General Douglas MacArthur is in charge now And from him Thursday came a message to his occupation forces reminding them that the victorious end of battle became the beginning of an equal ly vital campaign to secure the peace We now enter the last phase in Japan of this test of our strength he added It is you men and wom en military and civilian who have composed the allied forces of oc cupatiori who are bringing this task to a successful conclusion The socialistpremier of Japan Tetsu Katayama noted the anni versary too He called upon his countrymen to stress science la bor and international outlook if they would becomea thoroughly peaceful nation in a must clean arid level up this scorched earth and build upon it an ideal nation based on peace through the united effort of all the people Conquered Japan will be opened Friday to limited foreign trade but the ptace treaty for which the Japanese yearn in still in the fu ture Preliminary talks may start shortly however at the insistence of the United States for a prompt peace was made in a VJ day broadcast by President Manuel A Roxas of the Philippine republic He said the peoples of Asia are clamoring for speedy conclusion of a treaty and said it is essential to restoration of mutually beneficial economic relations and will provide a stabil izing influence in this part of the world In allied capitals of the world VJ day passed quietly The peace wasstill to be secured Delayed Delivery Stamford Conn one years ago the Stamford Na ional bank mailed a letter to Dr H D Hanson at Dairen 5 miles away The letter postmarked May 6 1916 was returned to the sender Wednesday bearing a one cent postage due stamp The doc tor died several years ago The southern extremity of Nor way is nearly as far north as Greenland AP wlrepboto OLDEST IOWA LEGIONNAIRE Col Elmer E Stoup of Oel wein Iowa Iowas oldest mem ber of the American Legion who attended the state con vention at Sioux City served with the 7th cavalry in the bat tle of Broken Knee against the Sioux Indians led by Sitting Bull Col Stoup also remembers the contaminated meat furnished the French mud and rain of World war i He served as a transportation officer in the first World war Col Stoup of fered his services when the 2nd World war broke out but he was 79 then and too old the army told him Condition Reported Critical for Son of Crash Victims James Dodd 5 lone survivor of a trainauto crash that killed 3 other members of his family at a crossing near Rockwell Wednes day morning was reported in critical condition at Mercy hospi tal Thursday The youngster has still not re gained consciousness and reacts only to external stimuli an at tending physician reported He is suffering from multiple fractures including a skull fracture Odom Visits Truman New York William P Odom speed flyer who set a new rotmdtheworld record last week went to Washington Thurs day to visit President Truman He will return to New York Fri day when a reception will be held for him at his home town of Roslyn Long Island InterniiionBl Sonndphoto ONLY 5 AT G A R 81ST 5 venerable members were on hand for the closing session of the 81st National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Kepublic in Cleveland In what may be the last time the gallant vets will appear together are left to right William H Osborn 104 of Joplin Mo John C Adams of Jonesboro Ind who will be 100 on Aug 17 CommanderinChief John H Grate 102 of Atwater Ohio Chaplain Robert M Rownd 102 of Ripley N Y and John R Bennet 102 of Waynesfield Ohio Death Verdict for 22 Nazis of War Camp Dachau Germany American war crimes court Thurs day sentenced 22 Buchenwald con centration camp attendants to hang for atrocities committed against inmates during the nazi regime Five others were sentenced to life imprisonment among them Frau Use Koch widow of the for mer Buchenwald commandant who is expected to give birth next month to a baby conceived while a prisoner One defendant was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment 2 to 15 years and one to 10 years The 31 defendants were convict ed Tuesday after a 4months trial More than 50000 prisoners died in the notorious camp which was situated on the outskirts of Wei mar a quiet town in Thuringia province famed as the residence of the German poet Goethe Among those condemned to die were Hermann Plster a former camp commandant and Max Schobert former camp leader Those sentenced to life impris onment included Edwin Katzen ellenbogen a former American citizen selected from among the inmates to become a trusty and former Prince Josias Waldeik a highranking S S elite guard officer and the first German of royal blood to be tried for war crimes The courtroom where several hundred Germans have been tried for war crimes last 2 years was jammed as the court presi dent Brig Gen Emil C Keil read the sentences Most of the defendants received their sentences with outward calm A doctor was in attendance for Frau Koch because of her ad vanced pregnancy The hard faced redhaired widow who allegedly shared the camp rule with her commandant husband was accused of having prisoners killed to she could make lamp shades purses and book bindings skin She tried unsuccessfully to es cape trial because of her preg nancy which has never been of ficially explained Her husband was executed by the nazis several years ago It has been estimated that ap proximately 250000 prisoners were held in the Buchenwald camp at one time or another dur ing the nazi regime After the German surrender the late Lt Gen George S Fatten Jr forced groups of German civil ians to view the scenes of horror which American troops found in the camp in order to impress upon them the immensity of the crimes committed by their nazi leaders The camp is now in the Russian occupied zone of Germany Some weeks ago Max Brauer mayor of Hamburg reported that the camp had been reopened by the Rus sians and that 800 members of the German social democratic party had been confined there on political charges PROBE DEATH OF IOWA MAN 36 Body Found in Cellar of Tavern at Harlan Harlan county au thorities Thursday were investi gating the death of William C Jacobsen 36 whose body was found in the basement of a tav ern Wednesday Dr Lester W Savage acting coroner said the war veteran died ibout 4 days ago of 8 stab wounds in the chest The body found under rubbish and lumber in the basement had decomposed beyond recognition and identification was made through discharge papers Jacob sen carried in a billfold The outer door to the basement room had been left unlocked for some time after the key was lost Police found no evidence of he weapon used in the stabbing but Dr Savage said the wounds apparently were made with an ice pick or similar instrument Jacobsen had been employed as a body man at a garage here un til about two weeks ago Art Jacobsen a brother said le had not seen William since ast Sunday but that his brother had been in the habit of going away and staying several days Snyder Says Morgenthau Papers Are Returned Washington row over ormer Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthaus missing diaries has come to a quiet end Treasury Secretary John W Snyder who had demanded the return of official papers carried off by Morgenthau said Wednes day the treasury now has all the papers we want back SOVIETS HAVE 1 WEEKTODECIDE IN STALEMATE Put Up or Shut Up Attitude Designed to Revive Bogged Efforti Washington The United States gave Russia one week from Thursday to put up or shut up in Americansoviet efforts to achieve a united Korea Stripped of its diplomatic lan guage this is the essence of Secre tary of State Marshalls tetter to soviet Foreign Minister Molotov setting an Aug 21 deadline for a report on the long stalemated ne gotiations by joint commission in Seoul If the Russians fail to put up by then Marshall said each gov ernment may immediately con sider what further steps may use fully be taken to achieve the aims of the Moscow agreement namely the establishment of an indepen dent united Korea which can take its place among the United Na tions American authorities who left no doubt as to the new put up or shut up attitude represented Mar shall as determined that the Korean negotiations must not bog down completely as have efforts to reach agreements with the Sov iets on some other issues While the letter made no men tion of what further steps this government might have in mind some officials suggested the United States might take the issue back to a 4powcr conference in quest of some other method for reaching an agreement As a last resort they added this country might simply give up the project and concentrate on re building southern Korea Marshalls communicatiofi de livered to tile Kremlin Tuesday by Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith was made public by the statede partment while the secretarywas ejirpute by plane to the inter American defense conferehce at Bio De Janeiro The Korean negotiations have been deadlocked a 2nd time since July 2 They were resumed at Molo tovs suggestion May 20 after a years lapse A 1945 Moscow agreement formed the basis for bothsets of talks That agreement called for setting up a provisional Korean government and for joint com mission to consult with the Ko reans themselves and make recom mendations for the consideration of hussia China Britain and the United States The agreement also provided for Korean independence after a 5year period of trusteeship The argument between the United States and Russiahas kept any of its main provisions from being put into effect Instead of a single government Korea has been divided almost since the start of the postwar occu pation into separate Russian and American zones U S Cancels Debts Owed by Italians Washington W United States Thursday agreed to cancel about in debts owed it by the Italian government The move was made the state department said to ease the bur densome clauses of the Italian peace treaty The state department announced the decision in making public an accord concluded with an Italian financial mission after 3 months of negotiation Under the pact the United States waives all claim to payment for approximately in civilian supplies furnished by the American army to Italian civilians and owed for occu pation costs About in additional miscellaneous claims were wiped out simultaneously 10 Injured as Object on Passing Freight Hits Passenger Train Los Angeles ly 10 persons were injured the Santa Fe reported when an object protruding from the side of a Ereight train crashed through a coach window of the westbound California Limited near Barstow Thursday morning First reports were that no cars were derailed The Santa Fe said it believed the injured were being taken to San Bernardino for hos pitalization A railroad spokesman said the 2nd section of the Cali fornia Limited was involved