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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1947, Mason City, Iowa AMI NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION ULJlir VOL un Pittaa OnlteO Pnn Full Wlra Cento COBJ MASON CITT IOWA TUESDAY JULY 15 This Piper Constets at Two Ofift No 236 INVADERS ENCIRCLED DY GREEKS Marshall Asks Bipartisan Aid for Europe WARNSTURNING POINT FOR U S IN EUROPE NEAR Justifiable Measure of Aid Necessary to Stop Undemocratic Drifl By HENRY LEADER Salt Lake City JP Secretary of State Marshall told the nations governors that the United States has reached a turning point in European relations and got prompl assurances Tuesday of bipartisan support for his plan to help re build Europe Unless it elects to lose its in calculable stake in Europe the cabinet member said America must extend a justifiable measure of aid to friendly countries or see them drift into a nondemocratic orbit In a crowded 8hour stopover on a strenuous roundtrip flight from Washington the graying sol dierdiplomat grimly told the gov ernors conference here that there is no blinking the act that this country now stands at the turning point in its relations to its tra ditional friends among the nations of the old world Before he climbed wearily aboard the presidential plane Sacred Cow for the return trip to Washington Marshall made a detailed explanation of his eco nomic rehabilitation plan to the state executives in a closed door session This plan on which 16 western European nations are about to take the first steps toward drawing a blueprint of their needs has aroused sharp criticismfrom Rus sia There were indications that Marshall minced no language in describing to the governors Mos cows attitude but all said they were asked not to reveal any de tails The secretarys public call for support from the governors in building up the public opinion be hind his program in order to in Wirephoto SECRETARY tary George Marshall adjusts his glasses as he begins his ad dress to the governors confer ence at Salt Lake City sure its approval by congress next year met with prompt responses of support from republicans and democrats Gov Thomas E Dewey New York republican declined any comment but Gov Earl Warren California republican said that Marshalls proposal for a course of action fully consistent with our own national interests consti tutes a very sound approach to the international situation Gov James H Duff Pennsyl vania republican said he is in ac cord with Marshalls program as he interprets it If Secretary Marshall means that we must help these European countries to help themselves I am fully in accord with that idea Duff said We must keep away from the dole in Europe It didnt work here and it wont work there But by helping the European nations to retain democracy we will be acting as much for their benefit as for ours Gov Luther W Youngdahl Minnesota republican who has been espousing the candidacy of Former Gov Harold E Stassen for the GOP presidential nomi nation urged that countries now within the Russian orbit not be AP Wlrcpholo COLOR Robert D Blue left of Iowa and Gov Dwight Green of Illinois compare notes before the opening of the governors conference at Salt Lake City excluded from all chance of American economic assistance By all means he said I think we should help the coun tries which are represented at the Paris conference But I do not think we should be completely ready to throw overboard all of the others In his public address Marshall said there is no blinking the fact that this country now stands at a turning point in its relations to its traditional friends among the nations of the old world Either it must finish the task of assisting these countries to ad just themselves to the changed demands of a new age he de clared or it must reconcile it self to seeing them move in di rections which are consistent neither with their own traditions norjsvithjiipse of this In this latter case he as serted the United States would be faced with a radical alteration of its own position in the world I ask you to consider most care fully the implication of such a de velopment for the future pros perity and security of our coun try Queen Has Cinder in Eye London Paper Uses Headline Story Edinburgh Scotland Elizabeth had a cinder in her eye Monday night and the special train which is carrying the royal family to Scotland made 3 emergency stops enroute so it could be treated Five doctors and eye spe cialists boarded the train to at tend the queen and one London newspaper headlined the story pve U S Secretary of State irshalls aidEurope speech Weather Report Mason City Fair Tuesday night becoming partly cloudy Wed nesday with thundershowers Wednesday night Continued warm and humid Low Tuesday night 65 to 70 High Wednesday 92 to 96 Iowa Generally fair Tuesday night becoming partly cloudy Wednesday Scattered thunder showers near the Missouri river Tuesday night and in northwest and extreme west portions Wednesday Little change in temperature Iowa 5Day mean temperature will average from 2 to 4 degrees above the state normal of 74 degrees The nor mal maximum and minimum temperatures for the period range from 88 to 90 degrees to 62 to 65 degrees No marked temperature fluctuations Pre cipitation will average i to J inch but will be scattered and very unevenly distributed oc curring as thundershowers Wed nesday night and Thursday and again around Sunday Minnesota Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers north west portion Tuesday night and in north and west portions Wed nesday Little change in tem perature IN MASON CITY HobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 85 Minimum 64 At 8 a m Tuesday 76 Precipitation 02 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 61 Coal Output IncreasesBo Does Price Pittsburgh coal pro duction increased so did soft coal prices R Thurmond secretary of the Southern Coal Producers association said consumers will be required to pay about 000000 additional during the next 12 months Thurmond said the recent aday wage increase granted to John L Lewis AFLUnited Mine Workers will cost the operators more than a ton x x x so coal will sell at the mines from to once However Lewis said in an edi torial in the UMW Journal that increased costs to consumers of coal and other products would be infinitesimal The Journal estimated the new contract added only 65 to 67 cents to the cost of producing a ton of soft coal Anthracite prices were also ex pected to 70 cents a of the Lewiswon wage hikes Thunnonds prediction that soft coal consumers will pay more for their fuel in the next year followed a plea by President Truman that steel and coal industries should with hold general price increases It is only reasonable to ask coal and steel producers to wait until a fair test has been made of the actual effects of the wage advance under conditions of max imum production the president said Steel companies have an nounced no general price increase Meantime the nations 400000 bituminous diggers settled down to regular work and production was reported nearly 100 per cent of capacity Half County Auditors Would Quit to Take County Assessor Job Des Moines half of Iowas county auditors will try to become county assessors they in dicated at the state tax commis sions school of assessing instruc tion Monday Some county auditors already have filed to take file tax commis sions examinations to qualify for appointment as county assessors and more indicated they plan to take the tests Under the new law taking ef fect Jan 1 the county auditor is exofficio county assessor His first deputy actually will be the assessor A county auditor who resigns to become county assessor would lose only the extra a year he re ceives for acting as county asses sor exofficio and in return he gets unlimited tenure in office as the assessor can be removed only for cause All but 1 or 2 of Iowas 21 cities of more than 10000 intend to keep their city assessors SAME White flat means no traffic death In put hoars 16 NATIONS AT PARIS APPROVE EXECUTIVE UNIT Will Complete Survey Despite U S Delay in Providing Funds By TOM WILLIAMS Paris 16nation Euro pean economic conference ap proved Tuesday plans for organiz ing a cooperative effort to speed the continents recovery under the Marshall proposal The delegates unanimously ap proved a rules committee report nominating Britain France Italy Norway and the Netherlands to a key executive committee and set ting up 4 subcommittees on food and agriculture iron and steel transport and coal and energy The plenary session 3rd since the conference convened Satur day will be the last until the committees have completed their detailed work of assessing the re sources and needs of the partici pating nations before applying for American financial aid under the proposal of U S Secretary of State George C Marshall Addressing the session Premier PaulHenri Spaak of Belgium urdged longrange economic plan ning which would not be limited to immediate objectives as well as a shorterrange program to qualify the nations for the Amer ican aid Earlier a well informed source said the organization of Eurqpean recovery would proceed despite indications that United States money might not beavailable be fore late whiter The on Secretary of State Marshalls ad dress Monday night in Salt Lake City in which he said the pro gram would not be submitted to congress before the Marshall time table doubtless was fixed after careful consideration of the best means of preparing the legislation What the cost will be never has been stated definitely Ben jamin Cohen state department councillor said a month ago Eu rope would need during the next 4 years and would require alone to prevent starvation Official French circles said they saw no reason for altering the goal of Sept 1 for completion of a survey of resources and dollar needs among the 16 nations par ticipating in the Paris conference Russia and 8 eastern European nations declined to take The nations which make up the executive committee and 4 subcommittees on food and agriculture iron and steel trans port and coal and power were se lected Monday by the rules com mittee The nominations were to be submitted to a plenary session Tuesday This was expected to be the last plenary session until com mittee reports on assets and dol lar needs are completed A Brit ish spokesman said foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevin probably would return to London Wednes day One conference source said France wouldbe among thefirst to feel ill effects pf jnnyaejay in U S credits French official sources Said last week that Frances dollarsupply including all private French dollar holdings in the United States would be ex hausted by Jan 1 The French government requisitioned by de cree recently private French dol lar holdings in the V S French officials commented cautiouslyon Marshalls speech A foreign office spokesman said he regarded the address as an ex planation to Americans as to why they should help Europe Swedish Belgian Dutch and Luxembourg delegates reserved comment The French and British view has been that should the Paris con ference devise a program of self help it would have made a major step toward economic recovery although U S credits were not immediately forthcoming Russia and 8 other eastern countries were boycotting the con ference In London British offici als saw evidence of the emergence of a Molotov plan to embrace these nations in recent eastern trade negotiations Some Moscow sources said a trade agreement between Russia and Albania might result from the visit of Albanias communist premier Gen Enver Hoxha in the soviet capital Russian For eign Minister V M Molotov met Hoxha upon his arrival by plane Monday New Lewis Contract to Help Beat InflationSays Operator Washington Mf Humphrey Pittsburgh coal and steel executive said Tuesday the new coal wage contract will do more to stabilize the economy and retard inflation than settlement of any controversy in the industry in several years Humphrey who played a ma jor role in negotiation of the agreement with John L Lewis United Mine Workers told the joint congressional committee on the economic report that the con tract will spur output of coal and added Production and only produc tion which creates a balance of supply and demand is the only sure way for the increasing wage and price spiral Humphrey said the contract re tards inflation by avoiding a strike and all of the resulting damage thatwould surely follow from a deadlock Humphrey testified after Earl Bunting president of the National Association of Manufacturers told the committee that the nation should be able to absorb this years 2nd round wage increases without going on an inflationary spree The NAM head also declared that the key to continued eco nomic growth and prosperity is a united effort for greater produc tion plus tax cuts to provide venture capital for expansion of industry by 600000 new jobs a year In his prepared statement to the committee Humphrey took no di rect recognition of President Tru mans appeal Monday to steel and coal producers to give the mine wage hike a fair test before boosting prices and possibly touching off a new spiral of price advances But Humphrey did say If the coal operation which has been promised by the miners union is realized and it is much more apt to be so by satisfactory mutual agreement than by strikes and government controls increas ing production and increasing ef ficiency will surely mean more coal at less cost On the other hand the effect of shortages on prices is conclus ively illustrated by the increase in spot prices for coal which have taken place recently when a strike and shutdown was only threatened and which are right now much more than the actual advance in cost which will result from this contract Humphrey remarked that it is only reasonable to expect that these high prices will gradually be adjusted downward when as a re sult of this agreement it becomes apparent that production will con tinue and a supply of coal will be currently available Humphrey is chairman of the Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal company worlds largest commer cial coal firm and president of the M A Hanna corporation steel manufacturers He and Benjamin Fairless president of United States Steel conducted the secret nego tiations with Lewis that led to the coal agreement Prices are high as compared to prewar but the increase has been less than the rise of wages and during the last 4 months the price level has definitely flat tened out Bunting said in a statement prepared for the joint committee on the economic report We yet have to see the full ef fects on prices of the current round of wage increases But if we can keep production and produc tive efficiency moving forward we should be able to hold this po tential price rise from getting out of hand Bunting said he considered it amazing that the death of OPA a year ago has resulted in such moderate price increases In view of cost increases he added I believe that manufacturers prices have been kept well in line But the NAM chief forecast that the wage increases recently granted the coal miners will be re flected in increased costs of man ufactured products and of trans portation VETO MESSAGE LIKELY FRIDAY Flood Control Message From Truman Is First Washington House Press Secretary Charles G Ross Tuesday gave this tentative sched ule of presidential messages to congress which hopes to adjourn by the end of next week 1 A message callingfor a com prehensive flood control program from the Appalachians to the Rockies probably will go to capitol hill Wednesday or Thursday 2 The message vetoing the new tax reduction bill will be sent to the house this week likely on Friday 3 A long economic report prob aWyrwill bemade nextMonctey rather than this week as previous ly indicated In adidtion Ross said President Truman hopes to be able to an nounce before the end of the week the appointment of a general coun sel and 2 members of the national labor relations board Both require senate confirmation HOUSE PASSES FUNDS FOR NAVY Washington ff The house passed and sent to the senate Tuesday a compromise bill giving the navy in cash appropriations for the current fiscal year In addition the bill carries in contract authority for the purchase of aircraft It provides for a projected pro gram supporting an average navy strength of 395000 enlisted and 42000 officer personnel The total in the bill as worked out by a senatehouse conference committee is more than the amount originally voted by the house and approximately below original senate recommendations It falls approx imately short of the presidents budget requests for cash appropriations Later the house also accepted and sent to the senate a joint con ference committees compromise of the legislative ap propriations measure the one which pays congress bill BATTLE SITE The Greek government Tuesday reported guerrillas moving southward to ward loannina after a battle near Konitsa Small scale fight ing began 2 weeks ago on Mount Grammos US Says UN Must Take Up Balkan Study Lake Success N T United States warned the United Nations security council Tuesday tKat the smoldering Balkans dis pute had become so urgent the council must drop all other busi ness untilit solves the case Alarmed by reports of guerilla invasion of Greece from the sovietbefriended country of Al bania the United States said the situation had become a matter of genuine urgency American Delegate Herschell V Johnson urged the council to de vote itself steadily to the Bal kans crisis beginning with this afternoons meeting dropping consideration of the UNs global police force the problem of Trieste and the impending Anglo Egyptian debate until a solution is achieved Johnson withdrew an informal American demand that the coun cil plunged immediately into the Balkans question at Tuesday mornings session after it became apparent that most delegates were prepared only for a scheduled discussion of the UN global police force Council President Ciscar Lange of Poland promised to try to take care of the matter in the schedule for next week Johnson said however that the United States government considered the Greek question so urgent in the light of serious re ports from Athens that begin ning with the councils afternoon meeting the matter should remain the sole matter before delegates until we have achieved a solu tion Johnsons warning signalled a move by the western powers to cut short the bitter eastwest de bate and force Soviet Delegate Andrei Gromyko to veto or ac cept the American plan for long range UN peacekeeping measures in the troubled southeastern cor ner of Europe Boy Falls From Tree Suffers Broken Back Combs 14 son of Harland Combs of Waterloo is in the Decorah hospital with frac tured vertebrae and arms result ing from a fall from a tree on the Jesse Emery farm north of town Sunday He will be taken to his dome at Waterloo when he is able to be moved LIONS TO PICNIC Garner Lions club was to hold a picnic Tuesday eve ning at the shelter house at State park in Clear Lake AGREE NOT TO CALL SPECIAL Big 6 figures pause on white house steps after conference with Preesident Truman at which it was agreed that no special session of congress will be called this fall In group are left to right Sen Wallace H White House Speaker Joseph W Martin Jr Sen Al ben W Barkley Senate President Arthur H Vandenberg Rep Sam Rayburn Rep Charles A Halleck CLAIM 2500 IN 2COLUMNSNOW NEAR IOANNINA Government Claims Guerrillas Came From Albania Yugoslavia By L S CHAKALES Athens Minister Pan ayotis Canellopoulos announced Tuesday that the situation has radically changed in favor of na tional forces in Epirus where Greek army troops were reported snapping a pincers on strong guerrilla units driving south oa the key city of loannina Army sources said 2 important engagements with guerrilla col umns were imminent in north western Greece The government charged that the guerrillas had invaded Greek soil from Al bania Informants close to the Greek general staff said a new invasion was possible from the direction of Yugoslavia The informants quoted head quarters of the 2nd army corps and the army of northern Greece of which are involved in the current saying Weve got the invading forces in a difficult position Unofficial es timates said 8 2500 in the guerrilla forces in the areas where the 2 battles impended Two guerrilla columns were said to have started moving southward toward loannina capital and larg est city of Epirus after the attack on Konitsa 2 days ago Konitsa is about 6 miles from the Albanian frontier and 25 miles north of loannina One large force estimated at more than 1000 men was reported caught between the reinforced Greek army units at Konitsa and replacements moving north from loannina West of loannina at the village of Kalpaki where a skirmish took place Monday night leftist forces were reported holding strategic heights A new clash apparently was expected there The whereabouts of the guerrilla column reported driving on loan nina along the Voisi river valley was not pinpointed by the inform ants This column which by passed Konitsa was estimated at more than 1000 men A British foreign office spokes man said in London Britain was investigating reports that an inter national brigade was invading Greece Other British informants said that if the existence of such a brigade was proved a joint Brit ishAmerican protest might be lodged with the United Nations I cannot prophesy whether British troops will be ordered to take part in the fighting the spokesman replied to a Greek cor respondents question Information available in Athens indicated that a battle might be joined about 15 to 20 miles north of loannina The other guerrilla column near Kalpaki which is south of Konitsa clashed Monday night with gov ernment troops It was reported that 50 guerrillas were taken pris oner in the engagement This force which the government charged came from Albania apparently aimed at moving down the Kala mas valley also leading to loan nina Sources close to the general staff said there was a possibility of still another invasion of Greeces frontier These informants however would not specify the point from which such an invasion might take place Unconfirmed reports said Fiorina and Kastoria both oppo site the Yugoslav frontier were being strengthened The communistdirected news paper Eleftheria Ellada said a giierrilla battle line stretching southward from Fiorina was be coming more sharply defined The newspaper denied the presence of an international brigade in the north saying this charge was a ruse to bring American troops to Greece There were strong indications that the government forces near Kalpaki were being reinforced hurriedly The minister of public order Gen Napoleon Zervas said Monday night the situation there was comparatively critical and urged that arms and men be sent It was reported unofficially that Zervas himself went there to sur vey the situation A 2nd army corps headquarters communique said government troops had come into contact with guerrillas in the region of Kalpaki This apparently re ferred to the engagement in which 50 guerrillas were captured A cabinet minister estimated Monday night that the guerrilla columns moving on loannina was 2500 strong The minister said these forces had come from Al bania and had stabbed rapidly
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