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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 20, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF ANB K6 I NX 9 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL un AMOCbttd ud Ualud Prat Full Lewd Wlio Centi Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 20 1941 Thii Consists oJ Two No 189 REPORT BOXCAR SITUATION BETTER NAVY FUND CUT GETS SUPPORT IN HOUSE VOTE Members Reject Move to Restore Money Slashed by Committee Washington house supported on a voice vote Tuesday navy appropriations cuts which democrats contend will force a reduction of 7000d in average en listed strength next year The vote was on a move by Rep Albert Thomas to re store funds for pay and subsist ence which were cut by the house appropriations committee Alto gether the committee cut about 11 per cent off the amount President Truman asked for the navy Thomas argued that if the cuts stick the navy will have to reduce the bluejacket force by 70000 and the marines by 12000 Selfstyled big navy advo cates decided in advance to make their main fight when the bill reaches the senate I know the cards are stacked against us Rep Sheppard D Cal told reporters They have the votes and intend to use them Were hoping the senate will re store at least part of the cuts Sheppard is top minority mem ber of the subcommittee which wrote the bill based on total bud get estimates of This sum included in contract authorization and trans fers of from other na val funds Sheppard said he believes the recommended reduction is en dangering the navy and said he opposes heavy cuts until the Rus sian picture is settled Both Sheppard and Rep Plum ley chairman of the sub committee agreed that proposed cuts mayIpjce the dismissal of about 125000 of the navys 340 000 civilian personnel including ship yard workers Sheppard contended that many of the dismissed workers would have to be replaced by uniformed personnel thereby weakening the navys military strength The appropriations committee insisted however in recommend ing the reductions last week that the lesser money will not result in sacrificing any of the efficien cy of the fleet reducing es sential naval activities There are indications that the republican high command is not in full agreement over pending cuts in war and agriculture de partment appropriations Speaker Martin RMass told newsmen after a 2hour meeting of party leaders Monday that there were demands for larger cuts than those reported to have been recommended by the appropria tions subcommittee handling farm funds Committee members have re ported a decision to trim approxi mately in the agri culture departments finances for the fiscal year starting July 1 Based on the presidents request for new appropriations of approxi mately this would be a cut of about 32 per cent Committee members also said after Mondays meeting that the war department subcommittee has been urged to make further cuts in the army supply bill for 1948 In fact they said the subcommit tee already has revised its earlier recommendation for a 51 per cent budget cut and now is advocating a 10 per cent reduction in the 700000000 President Truman re quested High School Student Put Finger on Pair Wanted for Slaying Waterloo Glessner 18yearold high school student was revealed Tuesday by Police Chief Harry J Krieg as the one who identified a picture of 16 yearold Wilma Lehaney and thus gave officers the tip which resulted in the arrest of Wilmas parents Mr and Mrs Harold Lehaney in connection with 2 Toledo Ohio murders Meanwhile the elder Lehaneys continued to be held in jail with out an opportunity to talk to each other and Toledo detectives were on their way to Waterloo to re turn them to Ohio where they have been indicted on charges of first degree murder Chief Krieg declared the couple indicated they would waive ex tradition although each continue to maintain innocence He said evidence had been pro duced showing the Lehaneys had reregistered their car under the name of Irene Leahy and that Lehaney used the name Harold Leahy in securing a new social security card here Pilot Beats Ocean After 7 Hour Battle for Life Mitchel Field N Y bat tle for survival in the dark waters of the Atlantic was told here Fri day by a P47 fighter plane pilot who parachuted into the ocean late Monday night and fought to inflate his life raft while en tangled in the shroud lines of his parachute The pilot First Lt Hubert W Gainer 31 of Freeport N Y who was reported in good condition at the station hospital here was washed ashore at Breezy Point in the Rockaways at about a m almost 7 hours after he catapulted from his plane Gainer told officials here he was enroute from Maxwell Field Ala to Mitchel Field when he ran into bad weather between Wash ington and New York The weather buffeted the plane so badly that some of the instru ments went out and the radio worked only intermittently Gain er said Gainer reached Mitchel field but his gas supply was too low for him to fly the ground approach con trol pattern necessitated by the bad weather and he was given a bearing which would take the Navy Admits Officer Is on Trial for Squealing to Japs Washington navy has disclosed that Lt Cmdr Edward N Little on trial here for the last 2 months in a secret court martial is accused of maltreatment of other Americans in a Japanese prison camp Little was the senior in rank among the armed forces held in the camp Hence under prisoner of war conventions the others were under his orders The navy announcement Monday night said the main charges against him are Maltreatment of a person subject to his orders conduct to the of good order and dis cipline and conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman The navy statement gave no further information However Tokyo dispatches said Capt Isao Fukuhara commander of Japanese camp 17B at Omuta testified at his trial on atrocity charges in February 1946 that a Lt E N Little asked punishment of a prisoner for stealing bread Fukuhara said the prisoner Pvt William H Knight of Warsaw N Y was put in the guardhouse An affidavit by another pris oner introduced at the Fukuhara trial said Knight died of torture in the guardhouse The affidavit did not specify whether this hap pened while Knight was there on the breadstealing charge Allied headquarters in Tokyo said Little later promoted to his present rank was mess officer at EDWARD LITTLE the Japanese prison camp Gromykos Speech Outlines Gulf Between U S Russia Says Initial Step to Disarmament Is Ban on Atomic Weapons By HARRISON SALISBURY United Press Foreign News Editor The gulf between American and Russian viewpoints on atomic control and world disarmament was outlined sharply Tuesday after a comprehensive presenta tion of the Soviet position by UN Delegate Andrei A Gromyko Gromykos statement was the most complete yet presented on this major controversy between the United States and Russia and made plain that unless major con cessions are forthcoming from one party or the agreement is a long way distant Russia Gromyko emphasized still believes that the initial step both to atomic control and dis armament should be an interna t i o n a 1 convention prohibiting atomic and other weapons The American position has been that we would not destroy our atom bombs until agreement on a control and inspection system was reached Gromyko contended that the American stand was putting the cart before the horse He raised 2 other major points These were agrees to a scheme of international inspection but ob jects to unlimited powers in the hands of the inspectors which might be prejudical to national sovereignty agrees to international control but objects to vesting op eration of atomic plants in an in ternational authority since this might interfere with the soviet in ternal economy He said that he believed Russia was not alone in taking this stand on the actual op eration of atomic plants The soviet declaration coincided with revival within the United Nations of talk that some new ac tion may be proposed against the Franco regime in Spain Latin American states it was learned are considering calling upon the security council to take further steps designed to lead to the ouster of Gen Francisco Franco Informal exchanges of opinion on the same topic were under stood to be going forward between the United States and Britain However any decisive action ap peared unlikely The British government was preoccupied with the question of India The viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten reached London from New Delhi and immediately plunged into conferences con cerning proposals for Indian inde pendence The cabinet was taking a final look at proposals submitted to the Indians which are expected to lead to emergence of separate Moslem and Hindu states FAVOR OFFICE OF INFORMATION House Body Approves Agency for Education Washington 4 The house foreign affairs subcommittee Tuesday approved legislation to establish an office of informa tion and educational exchange in the state department Under terms of the bill the of with several restrictions would be directed to carry on an information program Funds for the program were eliminated last week by the house on the ground there now exists no specific au thorization for its operation The subcommittee wrote these major changes into the bill 1 A change in the name from office of international information and cultural affairs to that of of fice of information and education al exchange 2 A directive to the secretary of state to use private agencies for carrying on the work insofar as practicable 3 A requirement that all future and present employes under the program be screened by the fed eral bureau investigation to make certain of their loyalty 4 Power for congress to end the program abruptly at any time through passage of a resolution This would not be subject to a presidential veto 5 A provision banning disclo sure by the agency of any infor mation inconsistent with the se curity of the United States 6 A congressional directive to the secretary of state to halt the agencys exchange of students trainees professors and profes sional leaders in any country which refuses to cooperate on a reciprocal basis 7 Instruct the secretary to de port any person in this country under the exchange program who is found to be engaged in political activities or in affairs inconsist ent with the security of the United States 26000 Automotive Plant Workers Return Detroit Approximately 26000 automotive plant workers returned to their jobs Tuesday as 7 Briggs Manufacturing Company plants and 4 Chrysler divisions were reopened after more than a weeks idleness due to a shortage of sheet steel Also back in production alter a shorter shutdown was Packards final assembly plant which closed fast Wednesday night plane out to sea and ordered to bail out When he hit the ocean Gainer said he became entangled in the shroud lines of his parachute and could not get his life raft inflated for 25 minutes Gainer said that he drifted aim lessly until about 2 a m when he saw lights on the beach and real ized he was heading toward shore Washed ashore at Breezy Point he was found by Mrs Grace Corn well who notified Mitchel Field He was picked up by an ambu lance from the field Last Major Phone Dispute Is Settled Washington labor de partment Tuesday announced set tlement of the last major dispute in the telephone strike with an lit centsanhour average wage boost for 20000 members of the Association of Communication Equipment workers The Western Electric company against which the union has been striking for 6 weeks announced it will be ready to resume work Wednesday morning The agreement is subject to ratification by the unions mem bership who handle switchboard installation work in 42 states Ap proval is considered a foregone conclusion Besides the wage settlement the agreement provides a nostrike clause for the 2 years of its life Also included are provisions for union security contract termina tion arbitration of grievances and a guarantee of nondiscrimination against the strikers The settlement was the 2nd in volving Western Electric company workers within 2 days An agree ment covering 20000 members of the Western Electric Employes association employed at the com panys KearnyN J plant was announced Sunday It was ratified by a rank and file meeting in Jersey City Monday night 5 Soldiers Killed in Crash of Army Plane Windsor Ont army air force officers and 2 enlisted men were plunged to their deaths in a rainsoaked wheat field near here Monday night when their twinengined C45 army transport plane went down during a severe electrical storm Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday with occasional light showers Tues day night Low Tuesday night near 44 Iowa Mostly cloudy with occa sional light showers east and central portions Tuesday night and extreme east portion Wed nesday Slightly warmer ex treme west portion Wednesday Low Tuesday night 44 to 48 High Wednesday 60 to 65 Iowa 5 Day Outlook The mean temperature will average about 2 degrees below normal The Iowa normal is 62 degrees Cooler Wednesday warmer Thursday Little change Friday Cooler Saturday Little change Sunday Precipitation will aver age onequarter inch occurring as scattered light showers Thursday and again about Sat urday Minnesota Mostly cloudy with light showers Tuesday night and in northeast and extreme east portion Wednesday Not quite so cool in extreme east Tuesday night and rising tem peratures Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 66 Minimum 39 At 8 a m Tuesday 59 YEAR AGO Maximum 60 Minimum 40 Monona Nips Center Point by 10 Count SPORTS BULLETINS Monona moved into the finals of the Iowa high school baseball tournament Tuesday afternoon by defeating Center Point 1 to 0 The winning run came in the last half of the final inning International Photo YARN WITH A HAPPY at his sudden wealth William Tristano 10 beams in the police property clerks office New York City as he holds half of which he and a playmate Robert Martinez found in a ball of yarn 2 years ago Pictured with the youngster are Mrs Grace Tristano left and Mrs Carmen Martinez mother of Robert who was given a 5050 split on the lucky find when no claimants turned up DemosAwaitLangersReturn as Tax Bill Reaches Senate MARSHALL SEES AID REQUEST END Says War Department to Ask Korea Funds Washington Secretary Marshall said Tuesday he does not foresee any further appropriations for such purposes as the 8400000 000 GreekTurkish and the 000000 foreign relief programs The secretary told a news con ference however that he is not prepared to say what may be re quired in the future Marshall added that while the state department does not plan any further requests for foreign funds the war department soon will ask more money for expenses in the overseas zones including for Korea FAVOR INCREASE IN NLRB TO 7 SenateHouse Conferees Approve Enlargement Washington Taft said Tuesday that con ferees ironing out differences be tween the house and senate labor bills have agreed tentatively on enlarging the national labor re lations board to 7 members There are 3 members at present A provision for a larger board is in the senate bill The house meas ure would replace the NLRB with a new labormanagement relations board Taft announced the tentative de cision to set aside the house sec tion after another 2Jhour session of the conference committee the third thus far The committee was appointed to compromise differ ences after house and senate pass ed differing labor legislation The Ohio senator told reporters the conferees hope to complete a preliminary study of the 2 bills Thursday then call on committee attorneys to whip a consolidated draft into shape for a vote on ma jor differences Seek to Postpone Any Final Decision on Slash Until June 30 Washington tax cut bill headed for the senate floor Tuesday where the timeforac tion division is so close that demo crats chose to hold up a delaying motion to await an expected re publican recruit With talk as their first round strategy democrats are seeking to postpone until June 10 any final decision on the committeeap proved measure whacking individ ual income taxes from 30 to 105 per cent effective July 1 The minority party members were ready to let the bill be placed formally before the senate after a scheduled midafternoon vote on a pending science foundation bill But they obviously hoped to avoid a showdown on the post ponement motion until Senator Langer RN Dak returns to Washington Langer is expected back Wednesday and the demo crats hope he will bring with him the decisive vote for their side Although Senator Taft ROhio refused to concede the loss of more than one or 2 republicans on the test other GOP members said 5 of their number must be classed as doubtful Besides Lang er they listed Senators Aiken of Vermont Morse of Oregon Wilson of Iowa and Tobey of New Hamp shire With at least one absentee in prospect the democrats need the support of 5 republicans to put their motion across if the major ity party musters its full strength in the drive to enact tax cutting legislation now Democrats are contending that congress wont know until most of the major appropriations bills are considered how much government expeditures are going to be in the year starting July 1 Hence they argue that no tax reductions should be made until it is certain that there will be a surplus to apply first on the national debt Republicans paced by Chair man Millikin Colo of the senate finance committee retort that there will be at least a 000 surplus to divide between tax cuts and debt reduction Honor Caniff Atlanta Ga Can iff creator of comic strips Terry and the Pirates and Steve Can yon will receive an honorary de gree from the Atlanta law school Tuesday Lives on Borrowed Time Pays With Interest Chicago Julin 49 lived for quite a while on bor rowed time but he began paying it back Tuesday with interest It started when Julin began drinking at a tavern and thinking wearily of his S1500 debts Fi nally Julin decided to commit 5 p m His problems settled Julin cursed his fate and went on drink ing Somewhat unsteadily he re turned to his hotel where he went to the room of Victor Tigerman and picked up Tigermans 45 cal iber automatic Then stopping at the room of his girl friend Clara Higgins 42 he announced Gonna kill myself at 5 p m Lie down and rest advised Miss Higgins Okay said Julin but Im gonna wake up at 5 p m and kill myself He put a clock beside the bed and fell asleep Miss Higgins set the clock back a half hour Julin awoke looked at the clock and dozed off Miss Higgins set the clock back another hour Julin awakened several times but it was never 5 p m Miss Higgins continued setting the clock back The last time Julin awoke he fired some practice shots The hotel manager called police Thats why Juiin has to pay interest on the borrowed time Judge John T Zuris gave him 30 days Monday for stealing Ti germaas gun The finals of the Iowa High School baseball tournament will be held at 3 p m Wednesday at the Roosevelt diamond instead of the previously scheduled time it was announced Tuesday by tournament officials Mrs Truman Sits in Her Rocking Chair Grandview Mo UR After a restless uncomfortable night Mrs Martha E Truman 94 year old mother of the president spent an hour and a half in her favorite rocking chair Tuesday and Brig Gen Wallace Graham white house physician said she was just about holding her own The statements were taken to indicate no improvement in her grave condition on this gloomy rainy and somber morning Rather the latest information in her condition appeared to mean that Graham the president and other members of the family were permitting the aged woman just about anything that would make her happy Monday as another example Graham permitted Mrs Truman to have a pork chop for lunch The president got up at his hotel headquarters at a m and im mediately telephoned his sister Miss Mary Jane Truman at his mothers home here A few minutes later as the chic executive left the hotel for his morning walk he told reporters his mother had sort of a bad night When the president reached the small frame home of his mother she had breakfasted Mother Truman was delighted to see her son again after the long night in her small bedroom where she lay fighting the slow ebb of her vitality The president and his sister gently assisted their mother from her bed to her favorite rocker a few feet away Graham reporting through Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Mrs Truman en joyed her rocking chair thorough ly as she chatted with her famous son INDICT 27 FOR ELECTION FRAUD Charge Violations in Kansas City Primary Kansas City Jackson county grand jury Tuesday re turned 29 indictments against 27 persons all but one of the charges involving alleged vote fraud in the primary election here last August Names of those charged and de tails of the actual violations charged were kept secret pending arrest of those named in the in dictments The grand jury which began its investigation March 29 with a mass of evidence obtained by the Kansas City Star returned in dictments April 21 against 39 per judges clerksand precinct charges of fraud in connection with the pri mary In the first indictments the judges and clerks were charged generally with making a false re turn of the true and lawful re sult others were named as acces sories to the alleged false returns Just Monday night Senator Kem RMo said at Washington he would introduce a resolution asking the senate judiciary com mittee to investigate what he called the failure of the justice department to act on reports oJ vote frauds in Missouris 5th con gressional district last August RAILROADS SET TO MOVE HUGE CROP OF WHEAT Feel 1st Billion Bushel Yield in History Will Present Tough Problem By WILLIAM FERRIS AP Staff Writer Chicago which soon will start to move the first billion bushel winter wheat crop n the nations history reported Tuesday that their boxcar supply situation was improved over last year However they agreed that transporting such an enormous amount of grain will present tough problem Within the next 10 days har vesting of this fabulous lieved to be the largest any na Lion ever start in Texas Harvesting will progress north ward through Oklahoma Kansas and Nebraska and when it is over around midJuly a whopping store of wheat will have been added to the food supply of a world desperately in need of bread In this rich agricultural terri tory railroads now are girding themselves for a job unmatched in peacetime history Explaining that the Association of American railroads had ordered eastern lines to supply TJ7 cars a day to western roads the Santa Fe said the eastern lines have been cooperating better than last year and we have stored some cars in the grain territory Last year we had none stared Considering the enormous pro duction all lines will have some difficulties the Santa Fe said but we expect the crop to be easrer to handle thanlast year when the grain seemed to come from all points at once We expect a more normal northward har vesting movement this year The Santa Fe said new elevators had been built along its lines while capacity of older elevators had been increased Most eleva tors now are empty and are standingby for the new crop the road added An indication of the increase in cars which will be needed was supplied by the Rock Island which estimated it would move 37000 carloads of grain between June 1 and Aug 23 compared with 22379 carloads last year The boxcar situation is defin itely better than last year the Rock Island said and we have more cars available right now The road added it intended to move some grain in hopper cars of which it has about 200 with top covers to protect the grain The Burlington said that ac cording to present indications wheat harvesting should begin about May 25 in the Wichita Falls Texas region We are not too optimistic that we can get through the season without some shortage of cars the road said as we will go into the season with very few more cars than we did last year and we expect a crop 17 per cent higher than in 1946 and 80 per cent above the 10 year average Some favorable items noted by the Burlington included a small grain holdover from last year an improved labor situation at grain elevators and the installation of a number of mechanical car dump ers which the road result in cars being unloaded promptly at major elevators Agricultural department officials estimated the crop as of May 1 would total 1025789000 bushels but private reports since that date have said the outlook had further improved Large demand and high prices are expected to encourage farmers to ship the wheat as soon as possible SAME 188 flif mnnt DO U But U haft Change Street Names for Gold Star Mothers Cambridge Mass of 12 Gold Star Mothers living in the 40 houses in Yorktown street and Yorktown Court the city council has changed their names Henceforth they will be known as Gold Star street and Gold Star court Cambridge veterans of foreign wars will dedicate the new streets on Memorial day Execute German Genera Athens former Ger man generals were executed here Tuesday for group massacres and deporting Greeks for slave labor during the nazi occupation They were Bruno Breuer was military governor Crete and Friedrich Mueller former com mandant at Herakleion Both were sentenced last Septem ber
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