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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 16, 1947, Mason City, Iowa ARTMENT tF i AM ARCHIVE NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 16 1947 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS This Paper Consists at Two One No 160 FEAR 350 DEAD IN TEXAS BLAST Report Poison Gas Infiltrating Burning City if f TRUMAN KEEPS OUT OF PHONE DISPUTE TALKS Conciliators Seeking New Peace Formula as Negotiations Collapse Washington Tru man maintained his handsoff at titude in the nationwide telephone strike Wednesday despite a col lapse of government effort to end the 10dayold walkout through a plan for negotiation and arbi tration Asked if Secretary of Labor Schwellonbach talked with Mr Truman before his speech Tues day night presidential Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters Not o my knowledge adding that the matter is still in the hands of the department of labor Disappointed government con ciliators combed replies oJ the American Telephone and Tele graph company and the NFTW for possible concessions on which new peace negotiations may be built Government seizure ofthe in dustry still is considered a last resort in top administration circles There is possibility that the union policy committee at a meeting Wednesday might con sider appealing to Mr Truman to take a hand in the dispute The union talked of doingthis several days ago unless the company agreed to nationwide bargaining Schwellenbach had hoped to end the strike of 340000 workers by Thursday night through his plan for negotiation of some is sues and arbitration of others The maintained it had not rejected the Schwellenbach proposal for arbitration by a na tional board of 5 persons but merely had recommended 13 amendments designed solely to expedite and implement final de cisions on the issues in dispute The company suggested that 10 regional arbitration boards be es tablished instead of one national board The NFTW which has demand ed nationwide arbitration or none interpreted Schwellenbachs plan as providing for the type of local arbitration it opposes Under his proposal the national board would consider individually the cases of more than 20 subsidiary operating companies in the A T Ts Bell system Further the union demanded a retroactive costofliving wage offer before it would entertain ar bitration at all President Joseph A Beirne has said none of the Bell companies has made a wage offer since negotiations began last January The union seeks a weekly pay boost for all its mem bers In Omaha still another arbitra tion proposal confronted striking members of the Northwestern Un ion of Telephone Workers Wed nesday Commenting on Secretary of Labor Schwellenbachs proposal which was rejected by both sides for arbitration of wages and related items on a nationwide basis the Northwestern Bell com pany proposed that the strike in this area be arbitrated by a board of members selected from the 8th federal judicial circuit Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair and continued cold Wednesday night Thursday generally fair and warmer Low Wednesday night 26 to 30 High Thursday near 60 Mason City Fair and continued cold Wednesday night with low est temperature 26 to 30 Thurs day fair and warmer Minnesota Fair and cold Wed nesday night Thursday partly cloudy and warm south por tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 37 Minimum 26 At 8 a m Wednesday 32 Precipitation 01 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 27 Reynolds Had Rear View in World Flight SEE PICTURE PAGE 2 New York Rey nolds who rode around the world sitting backwards in his converted bomber will go to Washington Wednesday with the other 2 crew members of his globegirdling bombshell to receive the congrat ulations of President Truman for his recordbreaking flight of 78 hours 55 minutes and 56 seconds The historic flight ended at a m Wednesday when Capt William Odom pilot of the Bombshell set the plane down on runway 4 at LaGuardia field where it took off at p m Saturday The Bombshells heater was out and its oxygen supply was ex hausted but its 2 engines were running as smoothly at the end of the 20000mile jdurney as they were at the takeoff The black exhaust streaks be neath the motors were the only evidence that it had completed a gruelling flight over 4 continents and two oceans covered in a to tal of 62 hours and 55 minutes actual flying time Bombshell lopped 12 houra 18 minutes and 4 seconds off the record of 91 hours and 14 minutes set by MovieMaker Howard Hughes in 1938 Hughes route across Russia was some 6000 miles shorter than that flown by Rey nolds I wouldnt make that trip again for a hundred million dollars the 54yearold millionaire penmaker said as he stepped down from the plane All 3 flyers showed the effects of their 3 days in the air But they were happy as they emerged from the cockpit and waved to the crowd of 2000 persons waiting at the field and pushed through 250 reporters photographers and newsreel mens Happiest of all was T Carroll Sallee flight engineer who will be married Thursday to blueeyed Patricia Houlihan 19 at Garden City Long Island Miss Houlihan whose home is in Cody Wyo loaned Sallee S3 when he took off so he wouldnt have to fly around the world broke She was waitingfor the plane at the field with the wives of Rey nolds and Odom Reynolds wearing several army shirts all dirty was the first to emerge from the cockpit He waved to his wife and flung a handful of his ballpoint pens to the crowd He had passed out the pens by the handful at every way station on the journey Reynolds said the worst part of the flight was the 2000 miles from Edmonton to New York The plane ran into ice and fog between Minneapolis and Detroit Prior to that the healer broke and the oxy gen supply gave out forcing them to come down to 11000 feet and cut their speed for the final run Only 300 gallons of gasoline re mained in the Bombshells fuel tanks when it set down at La Guardia Trouble plagued the plane al most from the outset of the trip Its radio went out over the At lantic and the front landing wheel became loose at Cairo In addition it was forced to turn back and land at Adak in the Aleutians after fighting strong headwinds over the north Pacific Highway Worker Killed in TruckTrain Crash Dubuque f Lou Klein Spechts Ferry a county highway maintenance worker was killed and Marlin Baffeli of Dubuque was seriously injured Wednesday morning when a county highway department truck was in collision with the Land OCorn fast Illi nois Central passenger train at a little used crossing 8 miles west of here SAME flag means no traffic death to DIM 34 hour period Ship Explosion Starts Disaster Texas City Tex An estimated 350 persons were killed here Wednesday in the worst explosion in Texas gulf coast history A chain of explosions rocked a hundred mile area and virtually razed this city of 15000 The Texas department of public safety announced shorl y after noon that reports indicated an estimated 350 dead The injured toll is reported to he over 1000 Poison gas was reported to be infiltrating the stillburning city at won The national guard was called out in the area Doctors nurses police and firemen from Galvcston Houston and other nearby cities were rushed here The chain of explosions began on the Grand Camp a French ship loaded with nitrate It spread to the multimillion dollar Monsanto Chemical Corporation plant EXPLOSION STARTS RAGING aerial view shows the burning industrial plants in Texas City Texas after an explosion aboard a French vessel in the harbor AP Wircpholo The ship explosion started a chain of blasts setting fire to these oil refineries which are located in the city near Galveston Texas Grunerand 3 Jews Hanged in Palestine Jerusalem Dov Bela Gruner and 3 other Jews convicted of acts of violence against British authority in the Holy Land were hanged at dawn Wednesday in Acre prison and a curfew of un precedented severity was imposed on all Palestine to prevent bloody retaliation The 4 prisoners went to the gal lows of them sing ing the Jewish anthem Even before they died double and triple guards were mounted on security points British citizens began moving voluntarily into safety zones and Jews were pre vented from leaving their homes So acute was the nationwide tension that some authorities in dicated fear that the security measures themselves might pro duce disturbances One officer at Tel Aviv said We hope this cur few will not last too long In London Scotland Yard offi cers rushed to the war office late Wednesday following a telephone threat lhat the building was to be blown threat lhat came a few hours after a homemade bomb timed to explode Wednes day morning was found in a branch of the colonial office Nothing suspicious was found at the war office however and po lice were unable immediately to measure link the telephoned threat with the actual leaving of explosives at the colonial office possibly in retaliation for the hanging of con victed Underground Agent Dov Bela Gruner at dawn Wednesday in Palestine Baseball Confusing to Russian New York the baseball seasons opener left Alexei N Krasilimkov adviser to Andrei Grornyko confused but not too con fused to note that it must be painful for the New Yorkers to lose its a shame Krasilinikov was in a United Nations party of 26 lhat saw the Philadelphia Athletics defeat the New York Yankees 6 to 1 Tuesday and it fell the Jot of Matthew Gordon of the U N press division to orient the firsttimers This man with the he important inquired the Russian Oh yes he is very important he gives signals to the the man throwing the ball explained Gordon Is it not forbidden to signal asked Krasilinikov and Gordon told him it was not Later Gordon went into the matter of got to get runs to win he said Runs You know men around the limes than the other team Oh I think I am only more confused now Krasnilikov remarked Another of the party Dr Quo TaiChi Chinese delegate remarked in hearing of his 12 year old son Edward that the Phillies look ood today The Phillies father asked Edward You mean the Athletics The Phillies are in the National league This is an American league game Mrs Quo beamed happily AID PLAN VOTED BY HOUSE GROUP Foreign Affairs Body Passes Measure 12 to 3 Washington house for eign affairs committee approved Wednesday the administrations GreekTurkish aid Chairman Eaton RN said the was 12 members for Ihe measure wilh 3 voting against Ten were absent As finally approved by the house committee the measure contains few major differences from that now under debate in the senate Missing from the house bill is the ConnallyVandenberg pre amble terming the measure con sistent with the principles of the United Nations charter Phone Operators at Decorah Back on Jobs Northwestern Bell Telephone office was picketed Tuesday afternoon by striking op eratives from Oelwein and West Union who sought to bolster strik ing local operators The employes of the Decorah company arc all union members but are not in sympathy with the strike All but one was back at work Tuesday reported a complete ruin follow ing the explosion and fire The death and casualty esti mate was made by the Galvcston Tribune Telephone communica tions were disrupted by the ex plosion the few remaining lines Iowa Senate Joins House in Tax Bill DCS Moines Iowa sen ate joined the house Wednesday in approving a tax study commit tee bill to levy a 2 per cent sales tax on the gross receipts from the operation of amusement de vices and commercial amusemenl enterprises The senate vote on passage ol the bill was 33 to 13 It now goes to the governor During house debate on the the measure Tuesday it was es timated the tax would produce between and a year for the state general fund The tax would cover musical devices weighing machines shoot ing galleries billiard and pool tables pinball machines slot ma chines and receipts from all ma chines or systems which award prizes to patrons The argument raised in the house that the measure in effect would countenance the operation of illegal devices was renewed in the senate in an attempt to kill the bill Senator being dogged with emergency calls for help The Grand Camp destroyed ith all men aboard by the ex plosion according to the Tribune caught fire early Wednesday Several hundred curious gathered at the docks to watch the fire When the explosion followed many on the docks were killed Steel beams were hurled over the city some as far as 15 miles away Port Arthur and Orange about 100 miles distant said the blast was audible there and buildings rocked At Felly 27 miles distant a man said tiie sound hurt by eardrums Palestine 160 miles from here claimed to have heard the sound also Fires were still raging hours after the explosion and no water was available to fight them Other Texas City bagging petroleum sulphur ship ping tin and re ported burning and fire equip ment from Galveston Houston and other cities augmented by highway patrolmen police sher iffs deputies were helping main tain order as citizens walked about dazed and stunned by the disaster Stone buildin s in the center of town were leveled the Gal veston Tribune said Residents were being evacuated to avoid danger from further explosions Highway and causeways were blocked by Texas City residents who work in Galveston rushing home to help Police Chief W F Laddish of Texas City told Houston officers jy telephone people were walk ing Ihe streets in a daze and thai he Texas City hall a mile from the explosion was demolished He asked for all possible doctors and nurses even just ordinary citizens just so they have hands to help in rescuing the injured The extent of the explosion was ndicated by a report from Palcs ine Texas 160 miles to the north Mrs J C Colwick who ives on a hill near Palestine said she heard the explosion and that he house shuddered twice as if here had been an earthquake Orange 100 miles away was rocked as was Port Arthur where vilh 2way ladio cars sheriffs cpulics from nearby counties led Cross workers disaster work rs of various sorts were rushed o Texas City From Houston officers and a adio technician the latter to help opair the Texas City police radio tation reported demolished were ont early in the morning All Galvcston hospitals were urncd over to the injured many n critical condition The Tribune aid they were badly burned cut y flying glass and screaming vith pain The telephone union ordered all striking operators repairmen and all personnel needed to return lo work immediately for the dura tion of the emergency The order was issued by Averett Colter gen eral counsel for the Southwestern Telephone Workers union at St Louis Bill Nottingham Houston Post photographer who flew over Texas ity to make aerial pictures said the town looked as if a flight of B2 Superfortresses had bombed t He wis an airforcc lieutenant colonel during the war I have been on many raids vhen we did less damage he said He added that to him it ooked as if a 3rd of the town lad been blown down An old sugar refinery a part of Mon santo and others had only steel structures remaining Texas City looks worse to me than the New London school ex jlosion of 1937 which I covered le said Leon which H B Hawkins R offered an would have amendment stated spe cifically that the tax was to be applied only to legal devices It was voted down 24 to 22 Some senators who opposed the amendment argued that there was nothing in the bill which would have the effect of legaliz ing slot machines or any other illegal operation Died snake venom retains its poisonous qualities unaltered Eyewitness Says Ship Blast Jumped to Chemical Oil Firms Texas Texas from head to foot and wearing an improvised bandage about his badly cut head W H Sanberg vice president of ihe Texas City Terminal Railway company gave the first eyewitness acout of the explosion which may have killed as many as 350 persons He told Fred Pool of the La Porte Chamber of Commerce that Ihe first explosion was on the French ship Grand Camp which he had just left 5 minutes previ ously Sanbcrgs office was near the ship Sanberg believed the ship was carrying ammunition but was at Texas City reportedly to take on a cargo of fertilizer Early Wednesday Sanberg re lated the ship was discovered ablaze Live steam was immediately ap plied to the fire Sanberg said but it failed to get the fire under con trol Then Sanberg said the ship was towed out in a stream but before it could be gotlen away the first terrific explosion occurred Sanberg said it was rumored that the boat was carrying a load of ammunition This rumor was not confirmed but he said I feel safe in saying it did carrv ammu nition Sanberg told Pool that he had left the doomed ship for his near by office in less than 5 minutes after it blew up and he immedi ately began putting in emergency telephone calls When the explosion first oc curred Sanberg said I jumped under my roll top desk Pool said that the Monsanto Chemical company simply doesnt exist and he added Iho devasta tion here is Ihe most lerribie Ihing you ever saw You cant imagine it As I speak I feel Ihere are thousands dead and injured The explosions Pool said jumped in 1 2 3 order from the ship to the Monsanto Chemical to the Stone Oil company and pos sibly to others since the heavy piece of steel from the Republic Oil company was picked up 2 miles away The concussion was simply ter rible Pool said It blew win dows out of every home in town It blew in ceilings in business buildings It cracked new build ings from end to end In the M E Agec drug store every clerk was injured The ex plosion even blew doors off their hinges The explosion was felt in La Porte and the blaze could be seen from Seabrook as I drove toward Houston to reach a tele phone Pool said he blast was audible Nearby Galvcston 10 miles across the bay was damaged Glass windows including many store windows were shattered Plaster ceilings fell The city rocked and for hours was ob scured from the sun by billowing clouds A resident of Felly said the clouds looked like pictures of the atomic bomb blast Galveston residents confirmed this except to say that the clouds were black J K Poage engineer for a Ce dar Bayou radio station said he saw a flame shoot up hundreds of feet into the air It lasted a lew seconds he said Cedar Bayou is here Windows death and de 27 miles from rattled there The scene of vastation was described as aw ful by a utility company of ficial He said the dead were so numerous they have them out on the lawn The floor of the Beclor Mankse clinic at Galveston was said to be covered with blood At Austin Adjutant Genera Arthur B Knickerbocker said the national guard had been called ou in the area A conference was held with Governor Bcauford II Jes ter and they decided Ihe situa tion did not as yet warrant mar tial law Ambulances doctors nurses police state highway patrolmen Say Marshall Stalin Talk Is Failure By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Moscow of State Marshalls 90minute talk with Prime Minister Stalin Tuesday night was understood Wednesday o have failed to break any of the deadlocks which have tied the council of foreign ministers in rinols over the whole range of is The chief value of the talk from Marshalls viewpoint was believed lo have been the presentation to the soviet leader of a frank and unvarnished statement of Amer ican policy in relation to Ger many Europe and the whole trouble area of United Stales flussian political and diplomatic conflict The secretary clamped tight secrecy on the American delega tion respecting his trip to the kremlin He was believed how ever to have reported the result of his meeting in his daily report to President Truman It was no secret however to anyone who inquired persistently among responsible informants that the deadlocked diplomatic situa tion here had not changed as a result of the talk though there was some hope that inan indirect way it might be changed eventu ally Community Concert Membership Deadline at Wednesday Deadline for membership in tha Community Concert association is Wednesday evening the com mittee reminds workers They are asked to turn in all memberships and fees by that time at headquar ters at 124 North Federal Be cause of lack of telephone service some persons who wish member ship may not have been contacted They may sign up at the head quarters the commitUe stated
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