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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1947, Mason City, Iowa HMHTKENT 9F l AB6 AHCHIVl ft MtlNCS M NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION uiuu l VOL LHI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents a Copy MASON Cm IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 27 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One So ft HOUSE PASSES INCOME TAX SLASH LARGE BOMBER LANDED SAFELY BY TEST PILOT Airplane Is Brought Down With Damaged Landing Gear Fort Worth Texas worlds biggest bomber the XB 36 was all in one piece Thursday thanks to a civilian test pilot who risked his life to bring his 000000 plane down with a dam aged landing gear After all but one of his crew of 13 had obeyed his orders to bail out the pilot W A Erickson 30 landed the 139ton plane Wed nesday night on a broken landing feat that army air force experts said was almost impos sible The XB36 is the only plane in the world which load of bombs and make a round trip from the United States to any inhabited area in the world Observers drew a parallel be tween Ericksons daring and that of proud sea captains who have gone down with their ships rather than abandon them Erickson and his copilot G S Green 33 who refused to Bail out were at the controls when the plane made its maiden flight last June They had helped put it through tests ever since it was built by Consolidated Vuliee Air corpora tion Now in the experimental stage the plane is scheduled for formal acceptance by the army air forces next June It has a tail as tall as a 4story building it can fly 8 miles above the earth and travel 10000 miles full loaded and return The plane was crippled on its takeoff from the Fort Worth army air base at p m Wed nesday when a side brace strut on the main landing gear broke off from a wing connection It left one wheel dangling as the plane soared into the air In addition to Erickson and Green 12 crew members were aboard the silver sky monster They were army air force men from Wright Field Ohio Con vairs civilian experts and obser vers from companies which sup plied parts for the plane About 4 oclock Erickson or dered the men to bail out He circled back and forth over a highway and one after another the men jumped Seven of them were injured none seriously when they hit the ground on the outskirts of Fort Worth A little later Erickson radioed that he would try to crash land on the air field one of the few in the nation large enough and strong enough to handle the XB 36 No one had ordered him to try it But no one objected either Officials were anxious to save the multimillion dollar plane For 2 hours he circled slowly above the field exhausting his gasoline supply Crash wagons and army ambulances stood by The air grew calmer and a crowd of 2000 persons gathered near the army field to watch Many of them had seen crew members parachuting to safety Army air force experts at the field told reporters it would be almost impossible to land the plane without perfect landing gear At p m the plane came in for a landing Erickson banked the plane slightly to the left as it touched the runway maintaining the bulk of weight on the left main gear and nose gear The plane rolled to a stop It was a perfect landing Erickson and Greengot out and calmly directed the ground crew to roll the plane into its hangar Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Thursday night and Friday somewhat warmer Friday Low Thursday night about 22 Iowa Generally fair Thursday night and Friday somewhat colder south portion Thursday night warmer Friday Low Thursday night 22 High Fri day 4345 Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday A few snow flurries north Thursday night Not so cold northeast Thursday night Somewhat warmer south Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 33 Minimum 19 At 8 a m Thursday 27 YEAR AGO Maximum 64 Minimum 37 HOPES DIM FOR 76 MEN STILL TRAPPED IN PIT Fear Death Toll Will Reach 111 Recover Bodies of 35 Victims Centralia 111 Fears that he death toll of Tuesdays mine explosion ultimately would reach 111 were intensified Thursday as he bodies of 18 more miners were brought up the shaft of the Cen xalia Coal companys No 5 mine The recovery of these victims brought to 35 the number of mown dead and left 76 still trap ped below A rescue squad leader ave those pinned underground no chance at all A heavy snow fell over the grim setting as rescue squads after working through the early morn ng hours brought the 2nd group of dead miners from 540 feet be ow the ground There were only AP Wlrephotd PARACHUTES FROM Matthews with his right leg fractured gets first aid from an unidentified armyman shortly after parachuting from the B26 army bomber at Fort Worth Texas Wednesday afternoon The ambulance stands ready to take Matthews to the hospital Matthews still has his parachute on G S GREEN AF Wirepboto B A ERICKSON of Plane Molotov Agrees to Consider Definition of German Assets Retreats After Saying Assets Belonged to USSR Without Question Moscow IP Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov agreed Thursday night to a basis for French proposal to define German assets in Austria This raised hope that the council of foreign ministers might untangle this major com plication in the framing of Austrias treaty The Russians up U now have held that any German assets in the eastern zone of Austria be longed to them without question tnd that no definition was neces sary of just what these assets were No decision was reached Thurs day but there was an indication a compromise was likely on this most controversial point of the Austrian pact However Molotov submitted a compromise proposal which American authorities said unof ficially they considered unaccept able The Americans and British have insisted there must be agree ment that no property would be taken from Austria as German as sets which in fact had been ac quired by the Germans by force or duress in annexing the nation The British and Americans also took the position that Austria must be left with sufficient assets to be able to survive as an inde pendent nation American officials said private ly that Molotovs proposed defini tion was not sufficiently specific and still would allow extensive removals of socalled German as sets which in the American and British view were not properly so classified and the removal of which would be detrimental to Austria In the council session the Amer ican British and French ministers maintained there was no question of depriving the Russians of legit imate German assets but said a precise definition was needed since the Germans had seized much property in Austria with out payment to either the Austri ans or other owners Iowa Boy 1 Killed in CarTruck Collision Denison Hulburd 1yearold son of Mr and Mrs Lloyd Hulburd of Breda Iowa died of a broken neck in an auto truck collision just south of Deloit on Highway No 4Thurs day morning Hulburd 29 and his wife Stella 31 were hospitalized here with se rious injuries The state highway patrol re ported the Hulburd car and a semitrailer driven byLeo Steph ens 38 of Massena Iowa collided Stephens was unhurt Iowa Man Is Killed in AutoTruck Collision Adel A man tentatively identified as Lowell E Hill abou 50 of Bloomfield was killed in a cartruck collision near here shortly before noon Thursday Coroner L H De Ford said the man identified as Hill was east bound in a new car when it col lided with a truck driven by Wei don Crabb of Guthrie Center on No 6 a mile east of here SAME Black lac means traffic death la pas 24 bonr period Return US Seamen New York 23 Ameri can seamen on the refugee shi Ben Hecht when it was seized by the British will be returned to thi United States by April 1 a cabli from Palestine said Thursday few persons at the pit the bodies were placed in ambulances and taken to a temporary morgue n a nearby bus garage An unidentified rescue worker said that the bodies of the 18 jrougBt from the pit Thursday were twisted and bruised and clothing on some was burned in dicating they had been nearer to he explosion than the 16 miners who were found Wednesday night As the death toll mounted with a rescue leader predicting it would reach 111 company officials said rescue attempts would be pushed Were not going to give up The toll of 111 dead predicted by William J Rowekamp rescue eader and recording secretary of the Centralia local of the AFL United Mine Workers whose members worked the mine would rank the disaster as the greatest In the nations coat fields since 195 lost their lives in 1928 at Mather Pa The company presented a re vised total of the number of miners who had been in the mine at the time of the blast Vice President W P Young said 142 men had been in the mine and 31 lad been removed alive Earlier said 151 had been below and 30 had been rescued alive Driscoll O Scanlan an Illinois state mine inspector said because of slow progress it might take a week to probe to the end of the 7 foot high passage Mule power was being used in preferenceto machinery for fear of electrical sparks detonating gasses collected in the workings Rescue workers wore gas masks Meanwhile in Washington the U S senate ordered an investi gation of the disaster after Sena tor Brooks RI11 asserted there had been violations of safety codes under federal administration Rowekamp made public a let ter the union local had sent to Governor Green of Illi nois a year ago asking the gover nor to please save our lives to please make the state depart ment of mines and minerals en force the laws at the mine x x x before we have a dust explosion Governor Greens office said in a statement that such a letter had been received and that the gover nor had requested the department concerned to give it full and complete consideration The gov ernor also released a report to him from the committee named by the state department to inves tigate charges made in the letter which related that the complaint sounds a good deal worse than it really is Families of the victims of the explosion will not get immediate aid from the United Mine Work ers health and welfare royalty fund UMW headquarters said but a state district UMW official said they are eligible for state industrial compensation Hugh White president of the UMW Illinois district said the families would be eligible for 800 to under the state act depending upon the number in each family The Antarctic regions were once warm enough for plants to grow within 300 miles of the South Pole AP Wircpholo MINE VICTIM BROUGHT in mackinaws center carry a stretch er bearing the body of an explosion victim from the Centralia Coal company mhie Wednesday night A cordon of police and soldiers encircles the operation to keep back the crowd of anxious wives and relatives PHONE STRIKE MAY HIT RADIO Seizure Powers of U S Are Running Out Washington govern ment its wartime powers to seize strikebound industries fast run ning out found itself in the role of peacemaker Thursday in the gathering telephone crisis A walkout by 287000 members Of the National Federation of Telephone Workers is scheduled for April 7 the day after and here are prospects that some radio network programs as well as many telephone services may feel the effect of the strike if it materializes Direct managementunion ne gotiations are stalled over the principle of industrywide bar gaining Essential public services in the 5state area of the Northwestern Bell Telephone company will not be cut off if union employes strike April 7 President Hoy S Ander son of the Northwestern Union of Telephone Workers said Thursday Union members have voted 93 per cent in favor of a strike a settlement is not reached Ander son said the union still is studying the companys proposal to submit basic wages to arbitration He said the union probably will make its decision by Friday Assistant Secretary qf Labor John W Gibson conferred with A T 1 officials in New York Wednesday He was expected to meet here Thursday with Presi dent Joseph A Beirne and other NFTW leaders Gibson was able to effect a lastminute settlement of a similar dispute a year ago But at that time the govern ment had recourse to 2 laws that would have permitted seizure of the entire telephone industry One was the SmithConnally war labor disputes act which went out the the window so far as seiz ure is concerned when President Truman declared an end to hos tilities last Dec 31 The other was the 2nd war powers act which expires at mid night Monday March 31 Congress is however ponder ing whether to outlaw industry wide collective bargaining al though there is no prospect of decision on that issue before the April 7 telephone strike deadline Gibsons conciliation gestures were made as the scheduled tele phone strike threatened to hit also at the radio networks Beirne disclosed that the Na tional Association of Broadcast Engineers and has mutual assistance Technicians reaffirmed its of agreement last year and promised coopera tion in any strike April 7 Wrangle Looms as Security Body Awaits Austins Talk See Possible Reply From Russia in Council on Greece Turkey Aid Lake Success N The possibility arose Thursday that Warren K Austins major Ameri can policy speech in the United Nations security council night would touch off Friday bitter wrangle on an official level with Russia over BresjejjSnt Trumans plans to aid Greeceand Turkey An informed source said the set up for the speech certainly would not preclude a Russian reply al though it might not come immedi ately Some observers believed Russia would use this opportunity to launch another attack here against Greece One source speculated that any decision to break Russias top level silence on the American aid program designed to halt the spread of communism would be made in Moscow only after care ful examination of Austins state ment However this source did not ex clude the possibility of a soviet re ply in the security council possibly after an initial statement is made in Moscow by the Russian govern ment Moscow newspapers already have attacked the American plans virtually accusing President Tru man of bypassing the United Na tions and acting contrary to the principles of the world chapter Austin returns to New York Thursday from a weeklong round of conferences in Washington There the American representa tive to U N talked with Mr Tru man and others on a concerted ef fort to sooth disappointment in some United Nations quarters over the fact that the president acted without prior reference to the world peacekeeping agency Austins statement described by President Truman in Washington Wednesday as a document which cover the whole GreekTur kish situation was expected to re quire about 25 minutes in deliv ery starting shortly after 3 p m EST Friday It will then be translated into French Thereafter under standard council procedure other delegates would be free to speak immedi ately or to reserve comment while awaiting instructions from their home governments Russias boycott of the opening session of the important trustee ship council Wednesday and Gro mykos unbending insistence on consideration for Moscows pro posals in the atomic commission added to the picture of hardening Russian policy owa House Votes Bill for for Support of Institutions Des Moines very lit le discussion and not a dissenting vote the house passed Thursday a bill calling for an appropriation of to support 8 state joard of education institutions in he next biennium The measure was sent to the senate by a vote of 97i to 0 The amount was the greatest ever asked from an Iowa legislature for support of the institutions The compared with 516378518 appropriated for the current 2 year period ending next June 30 asked by the noard for thenext biennium anc J20301630 recommended by Gov Robert D Blue for the next bien nium The shores of Brazil were first discovered in 1500 by Admiral Pedro Alvarez Cabral Milk War Hits Supplies to New New Orleans strik ing milk farmers who raided trains carrying milk cargoes threatened a fight to the finish Thursday as the AFL striking Teamsters Un ion warned Therell be no more deliveries of bread dry ice meat groceries or any foodstuffs to dealers who sell milk from the local dairies Angry dairymen protesting a 50 cents per hundredweight price cut for their milk boarded 2 Illinois Central milk trains in Jesse James style and fired on trucks running their blockade into New Orleans The turbulent strike already has cut in half this big citys milk supply It was estimated that more than 75000 gallons of milk had been dumped from trains and trucks into ditches and bayous since the strike tegan Monday night New Orleans dairy products distributors showed no intention of negotiating with the upstate strik ers One said well get milk from the has been crying to sell its dairy products here In Tangipahoa parish where blood was shed in a strawberry farmers dispute 8 years ago trains had been stopped in 2 hours Dairymen flagged down the freight and the other passenger with milk broke open the car seals and dumped the milk W D Bee special agent of the 1C railroad described the raids as acts of terrorism worthy of Jesse James He said that more than 250 farmers took part in one raic at Amite some 100 miles north of here MEASURE GOES TO SENATE FOR NEXTAPPROVAL Republicans Beat Back Democratic Motion to Delay Action on Bill Washington IP The house sassed Thursday a republican jacked billslashing income taxes this year by almost 100 The legislation now goes to he senate where it probably will e revised Just before the final vote the republicans beat back a demo cratic motion to lay aside the bill until congress has more informa ion on the government expend turcs and revenues as well 4s pos sible new foreign commitments The tax the senate and President Truman approve would be retroactive to Jan 1 It would cut taxes of 25000000 low er income persons by 30 per cent and give a 20 per cent reduction o most others among the 46000 300 taxpayers Withholding from wages and salaries would drop to lower levels on June 1 and taxpayers would get refunds on any over payments from Jan 1 to June 1 However Senator Taft R Ohio already has indicated the senate will revise the measure to make the cut effective July 1 in stead of Jan 1 This would hold the tax reduction to around 900000000 this year Taft contends the house bill ac tually would cost the in reduced revenues and tax re in the fiscal year beginning July 1 Some democratic leaders said privately that Mr Truman is bound to veto the bill if it reaches him in its present form Shortly before the house voted Rep Engel told his colleagues that the measure gives a man who made the biggest profits during the war the biggest tax relief Engel first republican to speak against it said the bill might de feat the GOP in next years elec tion He said he wanted to give the low income group a break Senate Passes Bill to Renew U S Controls on Scarce Food for 90 Day Washington senate by voice vote Thursday passed legis lation renewingfor 90 days the governments wartime controls on scarce foods and other shortsup ply commodities The senate acted less than 1C minutes after the bill was brough to the floor Present under the second war powers on Monday Meanwhile Chairman Charle W Tobey RN of the sen ate banking committee asked the senate to stay in session Thursday until specific legislation renewing sugar rationing is passed The su gar rationing authority also ex pires Monday Iowa Senate Delays Action on Closed Shop Des Moines The senate Thursday delayed action tempo rarily on the bill which would outlaw closed shop labor contracts Blue Signs Bill to Create Elective County Board of Education Des Moines Robert D Blue signed into law Thurs day the senate bill to create an elective county board of education in each of Iowas 99 counties Effective as of next December the elective boards to be composed of 5 members each will replace the present boards set up by the school districts within each coun ty Under the new set up the coun ty board of education will have complete supervision over the af fairs ofall districts within their areas except independent and con solidated districts maintaining 4 year high schools and they may come under the arrangement if they choose One of the purposes of the legis ation is to enable the county Doards to initiate and propose methods of reorganizing the school districts under their juris diction Among the long list of bills which the governor has signed are dozen measures which supple ment the legislative program for reorganization of the board of control setup and improvement of administrative practices in the su pervision of the states 15 penal mental and welfare institutions in Iowa Senator Arthur Jaeobson R one of 12 authors of the proposed bill obtained unanimous consent for adoption of a motion to delay debate Jaeobson offered no explanation on the floor but said later that a number of senators had asked him to allow a little more time before the bill was called up He said it would go over at least until Friday The bill is at the head of the senates business calendar and can be brought up for a vote at any time Iowa Liquor Store Prices Will Go Up DCS Moines on prac tically all distilled spirits sold by Iowa state liquor stores are sched uled to go up 20 cents a fifth ef fective next Tuesday Deny Chiang Visit Nanking UR Reports that Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek plans to visit the United States in April were denied Thursday a high foreign office source I by Iowa May Be First State to Ratify Amendment to Limit President Terms Des Moines hopes of making Iowa the first state to ratify the proposed amendment to the U S constitution which would limit presidential tenure to 10 years the senate judiciary commit tee Tuesday introduced a joint ratification resolution The resolution has passed both houses of congress and must be ratified by threefourths of the states to become the 22nd amend ment The amendment would limit the presidents tenure to 2 full terms plus a maximum of 2 years of any uncxpired term in cases where a vice president succeeds to the office The Iowa resolution must be approved by both houses of the legislature Indications were that it would pass with ease Republi cans have a heavy majority in both houses A 1000 mile natural gas pipe line is planned by the government of Argentina
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