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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 26, 1947, Mason City, Iowa 9F COUP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTtJtY ARCHIVES M9INC3 IA VOL LBtl Associated Press a THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 28 1947 This Paper Consists ot Two One AP Wirephoto WIFE OF TRAPPED scores of other wives and relatives Mrs Rosalie Pallacci seated waited anxi ously near the entrance of the coal mine in Centralia 111 where her husband Alfred and a number of others were trapped underground Wives Brave Wind and Gold Waiting for Trapped Miners Little Talk No Tears as Women Patiently Wait Throughout Night By LAURA ETZ United Press Staff Correspondent Centralia 111 wives of the miners tried to comfort one another as they waited through the long cold night for word of their entombed husbands The curious folk who crowded about the shaft of mine No 5 for hoursafter the explosion finally went to bed But the miners wives stayed on They said they couldnH sleep until they knew whether their husbands were dead or alive Two of the women who waited were Mrs Clara Barnes about 40 and Mrs Peter Valentini about 50 Both wore bandannas over their heads Their faces were white Im going to wait until I know or bad Mrs Barnes said She had driven to the mine Tuesday to pick up her husband Alvin day foreman after work Her first word of the explosion came at the shaft from another miners wife who said somethings happened s o m e things wrong She went home and told her 2 children and then came back to wait I cant go home said Mrs Valentini I couldnt rest Petes here and no matter what hap pened I want to be here when he comes out The women waited there in the bitter cold wind When it became too cold for them they would trudge silently to a nearby ware house to get warm Inside the warehouse littered with coal dust neighbors prepared hot coffee and food for some 150 wives sisters mothers and res cuers The women didnt talk much and there no tears They leaned against the side of the building and stared silently into space Occasionally they would tell one another This is the most terrible thing that ever happened to Centralia I carried several cups of steam ing coffee to the women Wouldnt you feel better if you had some coffee I asked No they said we just couldnt drink any In the warehouse Tuesday night they had seen rescued miners in on stretchers to the miners wash up room in the rear Blankets covered completely the face and clothes of the rescued men but the women crowded about the stretchers as they moved through the room seeking a due to the mans identity All but officials and nurses were barred from the washup room hastily converted into a first aid station After the res cued men were taken to hospitals GOP SOLONS FOR VET BONUS BILL Caucus Directs Action for 1947 Legislature Des Moines in the Iowa senate agreed at a caucus Wednesday that some kind of legislation to pay a bonus to Iowa veterans of World war II should be enacted by the 1947 general as sembly The caucus directed the senate military affairs committee headed by Senator John P Berg KCedar to prepare a new bill for introduction soon Berg announced after the meet ing that no decision had been made as to how much of a bonus would be paid or how it would be financed That will have to be worked out by our committee he said In other words it was the con sensus of the republicans in the senate that we must give some recognition to our war veterans The job has been turned over to the copunittee and we will go to work on it No 112 ARE ENTOMBED IN MINE word of their trickle through identity would the warehouse Truman Is Concerned Over Rising Prices Washington President Truman expressed concern Wednesday over rising prices generally and said he hopes in dustry will cooperate to reduce them The president told the 100th news conference of his adminis tration that he hopes other indus tries will follow the line of the International Harvester company Ford and others which he said have reduced prices He said he does not want to see a spiral in prices which might lead to inflation TRUMAN SEEKS APPROVAL FOR ENTIREAIDPLAN President Discloses Patterson Not Going Back to Yugoslavia Washington Presiden Truman expressed hope Wednes day that congress will approve h GreekTurkish ai program before March deadline for British withdrawa of aid to Greece He made that comment whe asked if he favored a stopga loan to Greece There has been talk in congres of making an immediate 000000 loan to Greece since ad ministration officials say tha ountrys situation is serious This proposal assumes that th presidents program cannot receive action by Marc 31 The president also told hi weekly news conference that War ren Austin American representa live to the United Nations wi cover the whole Greece Turkisl situation in a speech Friday to th J N council Mr Truman also said that Am bassador Richard C Patterson i not returning to his post in YugO slavia Mr Truman made the an nouncement at his news confer in response to a Question bu gave no further explanation H aid that Ambassador William D awley who is here for consulta ions will return to Brazil The disclosure that Patterson is not going back to Belgrade came in the heels of Arthur Bliss Lanes as ambassador to Po and so thatvhe can speak and vrite openlyj ofwhat he saw in that sovietaeminated country Mr Truman who aceeptec Lanes resignation Tuesday told questioner that Lane woulc peak for himself in talking abou Poland He added that the vacant iplomatic posts would be filled s soon as he could find rnen for he jobs At the capitol the discussion oth formal and informal of the aid proposal went n in this fashion Senator Brewster old reporters the United States i helping Greece and Turkey re st communist aggression should insist that those countries grant ommercial air rights for Ameri an air lines This country Brewster de clared frittered away opportu nities to expand airborne com merce and secure such rights when settling lendlease We should not repeat the mis take this time Brewster told a reporter The Maine senator is chairman of the war investigating commit tee which looked into the disposal of numerous Americanbuilt war time landing fields overseas His declaration came as the senate foreign relations commit tee turned from cabinet indorse1 ments of the aid proposal to timony from assorted witnesses including former Mayor Fiorelli H LaGuardia of New York harles G Bolte of the American veterans committee and a repre sentative of the council of Ameri canSoviet friendship AP Wirephoto AWAITING INJURED FROM MINE carts are lined up awaiting injured from the coal mine in Centeralia 111 where a number of miners were killed or trapped Tuesday afternoon by an underground explosion The mine entrance is in left background Farmers Union Leader Calls for New Political Movement Patton Wants Wallace or Someone Like Him to Head Organization Cerro Gordo County A A A Will Cease Activities by June 30 The Cerro Gordo county AAA organization will be forced to cease its activities before June 30 it was announced Wednesday by Elmer W Krause county committee chairman Lack of funds will cause suspension of work not only in this county but in all others through out the state he forecast Farmers now are coming in and asking why they do not get the checks for compliance with the 1946 soil conservation program he admitted We just simply have the help to get the work and the faces of the disappointed women would tighten the names werent those of their husbands Jail Too Crowded to House 3 More Prisoners New York N Y Morris Ploscowe said the housing shortage was one of the citys most pressing problems Wednes day so pressing that he refused to jail 3 Bronx bricklayers accused of drinking on the street The 3 Cornelius Michaels 41 John Langan 45 and Matthew Maloney 40 were given suspend ed sentences done The lack of funds will cripple also the administration of the 1947 soil conservation program which is just getting under way Krause pointed out April 1 there will be just left to carrj the county work through the last 3 months of the fiscal year he re vealed One of the 2 office girls already has been discharged the county chairman reported and county committeemen will have to donate their time to keep the office oien Enough funds have been set aside to pay township committeemen for 2 days work signing up farm ers for the 1947 soil conservation program The committeemen will have to donate all time beyond that he admitted A meeting of farmers has been called by Krause for Thursday evening at 8 oclock at the Y M C A in Mason City so that the county committee can explain the them he reported also have been in situation to Businessmen vited to attend the session Now that we are approaching the time when we really need the AAA program it is being starved to death the county chairman said It is a farm administered program and one in which the farmers have confidence That is the reason we have been able to get the job done when we were we were able to go out and buy 300000 bushels of corn when it was needed so des perately The program has not been an expensive one Krause pointed out In 1946 he said township committeemen averaged 6 days each in getting the soil conserva ion program done Township as well as county committeemen get a day for their work In addi ion county committeemen only are allowed 3 cents a mile for the use of their cars The township workers get no mileage James G Patton president of he National Farmers Union Tuesday evening called for the ormation of a new political movement either on thebasis of new or old political parties but under the leadership of Henry iVallace or someone like him Speaking extemporaneously to a roup of 50 Farmers Union lead rs from North Iowa at a special inner in his honor Patton dis arded leadership of both the major parties with the words AH their hands are dirty Too ew people in either party are villing to be counted for old ashioned democracy There is not so much danger f the American people being aken over by communism as by orporatism the Farmers Union ead declared Another economic ebacle is inevitable he added we follow the present pattern nd unless we follow leaders like the Wallaces of Iowa The administrations foreign olicy also was Pattons target his must be the century of the immon man and not the century imperialism he pleaded our reign policy must be geared on iendship and not on atomic ower He criticized the administration r bypassing the United Nations handling the Greek and Turkish oblems when the United States the one country which could ve made the UN a going or ganization The starving walking dead of Europe he added are not inter ested in communism fascism or democracy but only in food He recalled scenes from his visit to Europe and declared that our responsibility is to send them food and not dead diplomats on battle ships That would be our biggest chance to teach them democracy Upholding the Farmers Union as the only consistent friend of the AAA Patton declared that the remains of that agency are now being starved to death He called attention to inadequate funds for the operation of the state and county offices and the consequent reduction of office personnel to a point where the work no longer can be done The present attack on the AAA tarted in 1937 when reactionaries attacked the farm security admin stration and succeeded in cutting its appropriation he said The cut caused a reduction in personnel with a resulting lowering of ad ministrative efficiency he con tinued and then the FSA oppo nents attacked the administration and succeeded in cutting the loan appropriation also The AAA is not a fertilizer pro ram or one of benefit payments mt an education in democracy for he American farmer contended 5atton He called it a great mech anism for teaching cooperation pointing out that it was adminis ered from the grass roots on up by the farmers themselves Patton also called attention to he opposition to subsidies by all arm organizations except the aimers union Discussing the in onsistency of such an attitude pointed specifically at John Jrandt president of the Land o creameries as opposing s after the creamery co operative had been saved by them Patton is scheduled to spea Wednesday evening at a publi meeting in the Hotel Hanford at oclock This speech will be th closing feature of a 2day leader ship training conference for Nort Iowas Fanaers union organiza tions Patton was introduced at th Tuesday evening party by Fre Stover Hampton president of th Iowa Farmers union Stover ex pressed his admiration for Patto and the organization he heads fo having the intellectual courage t be prolabor and to advocate th familytype farm when such stand is none too popular He attacked large scale com mercial farming as being the 20t century counterpart of medieva feudalism 2nd Set of Twin Sons Wins More Housing Plahifield N J and Mrs Carl N Schuster Jr were eligible for a 5 room apartmen in the Rutgers university faculty housing project Wednesday Mrs Schuster wife of a faculty member gave birth to her 2nc set of twin sons in 10 months a Muhlenberg hospital Monday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Wednesday night with low 20 24 Thursday occasional light snow and warmer Iowa Increasing cloudiness Wed nesday night with occasional light snow southwest and ex treme west portions spreading over remainder of state Thurs day forenoon Not quite so cold west portion Wednesday night warmer Thursday Low Wed nesday night 24 west 20 east High Thursday near 40 Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and not quite so cold Wednes day night Partly cloudy and warmer Thursday with a few scattered snow flurries IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 26 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Wednesday 20 Precipitation trace Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 61 Minimum 42 SAME 118 iWhilr flat means no trifflo death In hnnr npriniit TAX SLASH BILL WINS 1ST TEST House Members Vote No Amendment Rule Washington republi canbacked tax cutting bill won its 1st test Wed nesday when the house voted to consider this measure on a ta it or leaveit basis A voice vote clamped on the no amendment rule This action came shortly after President Truman in effect voiced opposition to the measure by cit ing to newsmen his message to congress in January At a treasury news conference Secretary Snyder also was asked whether he would advise Mr Truman to veto the bill Snyder replied I am very positively opposed n these prosperous times to hav ng the government do deficit iinancing Snyder added that deficit fi nancing is always inflationary and that if government spending exceeds its income it will have he effect of further lifting prices ie said prices are already out of ine 3araguay Government Removes Martial Law Asuncion Paraguay araguayan government decreed Wednesday the lifting of martial aw throughout the embattled ountry A dispatch from Buenos Aires aid President Higinio Morinigo nded martial law to correct a trategic error This dispatch said hat when the president decreed he state of war the rebels became lelligerents in the eyes of neigh toring countries where they could upon numerous friends of icial and otherwise This dispatch said the effect f the presidents decision was ncertain The Paraguayan nation 1 radio said the president and the abinet explained the new decree y saying the revolt was confined the Conception department in le north and that the government elt capable of maintaing order here Phone Union Eyes Proposal of Arbitration Omaha Northwestern Union of Telephone Workers had under consideration Wednesday a proposal to submit to arbitration on its wage dispute with the Northwestern Bell Telephone com pany Under the proposal made by the company the governors of each of the five states in which North western Bell company operates would be asked to appoint a rep resentative to a board which would arbitrate union wage de mands on the basis of how the companys wage rates compare with wages paid by other busi nesses in the same community for work requiring comparable train ing and skill District Manager C D Gietzen said Tuesday night a study showed Northwestern Bell wages as high or higher than the general com munity level of wages for com parable work In view of these facts the com pany has offered to renew the present contract with the union he said The union has rejected the companys offer and now we are proposing arbitration General President Roy S An flerson of the union said he would have no comment until the union board has reviewed the offer The Northwestern Union claims to represent 16000 Northwestern Bell Union employes in the Da totas Minnesota Iowa and Ne braska a Gietzen said the union demands which include a general a week increase would increase the cost of telephone service about a year or about a month for each phone in service Meanwhile the policy commit tee of the National Federation of Telephone Workers an independ ent amalgamation of unions rcpr resentingmore than 287000 work ers proceeded with strike plans FEAR TRAPPED WORKERSDEAD RESCUE 29 MEN Rescue Squads Use Gas Masks Oxygen Tanks 20 Bodies Discovered Centralia 111 Rescue squads equipped with gas masks and oxygen tanks advanced a few feet at a time Wednesday through the gaschoked corridors of the Centralia Coal company mine where 112 miners were entombed and feared dead Shortly after noon CST the rescuers believed they were with in a thousand feet of where merit of the trapped miners were work ing at p m Tuesday when an explosion ripped through the mine corridors The rescue work was slowed by the heavy collection of carbon monoxide gas which seeped through the tunnels in the wake of the explosion More than 20 hours after the explosion only one body had been brought up from the tunnel 540 feet underground Twenty other bodies were reported discovered at the mine level As the rescue work progressed an attorney for the United Mine Workers charged at Washington that the government had failed to correct safety violations at the1 wrecked mine Welly Hopkins UMW attorney charged that the alleged viola tions of safety regulations had been called to the attention of Secretary of the Interior J A Krug but that he had failed to act Hopkins charged the viola tions caused the explosion Officials reported that of the 142 men in the mine when the blast occurred 29 were saved after these snowballing develop In a report to the Bureau of I Assistant Swwfarv nf T h Mines at Washngton District En Charles AHerbert said York to talk over the approaching crisis with officials of the Ameri can Telephone and Telegraph com pany whose long distance lines vould be the first to feel the shut down 2 The A T T officials Tues day referred to the Bell systems arious operating companies the SFTWs proposal that a bargain ng committee be named to nego iate on a nation wide basis the unions 10 contract demands These nclude a weekly pay increase 3 The union policy committee onsidered that action to be a re ection of its proposal It countered jy turning down anything less han system wide bargaining at his stage of the game Communist Party Leader Refuses to Give Real Vame at House Hearing Washington Den is secretary of the communist arty was dismissed abruptly as witness before the house un merican activities committee Vednesday after he refused re eatedly to give his real name Robert E Stripling chief com littee investigator handed Den is a subpoena to return before he committee April 9 Dennis ook it in his hand Stripling told reporters Dennis ccepted the subpoena Dennis old reporters he did not and hat you will find it on the floor f the committee room Dennis said he challenged the uthority of this committee to is ue a subpoena He had requested chance to testify on bills to out w the communist party He had een allotted 2 hours and he was worn in under an oath to tell the utti Boycotts UN Session Lie Slaps U S Aid Program Lake Success N Y boycotted the opening session of he United Nations trusteeship council Wednesday as UN Secretary eneral Trygve Lie launched the meeting with an indirect slap at le United States GreekTurkish aid program Lie said the UN could grow into an effective world peace organiz ion only if all countries showed a readiness to resort to the United ations even when the most ational interests are at stake There was no doubt among his steners that Lie was referring diplomatic manner to the Unit d States proposal to funnel 00000 aid into Greece and Tur ey without consulting the work rganization American Delegate barren Austin will explain the Vmerican decision to the UN se urity council Friday Soviet Russias permanent seat n the council was empty as Lie unched the new UN agency on s job of supervising millions of e worlds dependent peoples UN officials disclosed that So viet officials here had given no intimation that their government planned to join the trusteeship council which is designed as an improved successor to the old league of nations mandates sys tem Nine countries the United States Britain China France Australia Belgium Iraq Mexico New Zealand were represented at the charter session of the coun cil Their spokesmen said they planned to consider their contro versystudded agenda whether or not a Russian takes part there were 2 possible causes of the disaster He said one might have been the practice of blasting at the end of a shift while the men still were in the mine The blasting could have caused the explosion he said Herbert said it was possible but not likely that the explosion was caused by gas escaping from oil wells drilled in the area The mine operators were warned in an inspectors report March 18 that ventilation in the tunnels was inadequate The report said the mine had not been sufficiently rock dusted Rock dust Is spread in mines to minimize the danger of explosion from coal dust The rescuers were making their way slowly down the long under ground corridors filled with bil lowing coal dust and the lethal gas Every 60 feet they would throw up a board protecting wall across the corridor and then pump fresh air into the chamber When one chamber appeared to be cleared of gas they would advance another 60 feet erect another tem porary wall and repeat the pump ing process It was slow work but as the rescuers progressed through the tunnel they were able to stay un derground for longer periods time indicating that the collection of gas might be lessening At the start of the rescue work the crews were able to stay under ground with their oxygen supply for only 45 or 50 minutes at a time A crew which returned to the surface about noon however was down in the diggings for nearly 3 hours Charles Pollachi joined the wait ing crowd a few hours after the explosion He was one of 8 men who were brought out of the mine safely at midevening He said he and 5 others crawled 700 feet though an air shaft to safety We heard no explosion he said but we knew by the air that something was wrong When we went through the shaft we hauled some other guys through with us Fred Bright was another of the miners to escape He told of find ing the body of Mark Watson the first dead man to be brought from the mine I seen Watson and I knowed he was gone Bright said Mrs Flora Pribette 24 said she would wait right there at the mine until the last man was brought up Her husband Richard was among the missing It wouldnt be so bad if we only knew they were all right hut we dont know anything she said But well wait until we find Ed Grimer was perhaps the only man in the crowd at the mine shaft who felt himself lucky He just changed to the night crew from the day one which got caught I cussed the super out for changing my shift he said but Im sure elad now
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