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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1947, Mason City, Iowa C9KP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIU Xssodated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 17 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 134 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason CUT Sunday t a WTAD Quincf 111 MOD p m TfOJ Amra Toesdar m WSV1 City Thandmy p n How to Rehabilitate Iowas Delinquents IOWAs governor and the Iowa legislature have before them most significant and valuable re port on the states training school for boys at Eldora and the states training school for girls Mitchellville The reports were formulated after an extended study and re search by a committee of 7 of Iowas ablest citizens chalr maned by Judge F H Cooncy of Carroll long a leader in child welfare activities for the Ameri can Legion in Iowa and nation ally Others on the study group in cluded Mae A Lynch of Poca hontas secretary former Chief Justice Richard F Mitchell of Fort a member of the interstate commerce commis sion Grace Gilbert King of West Union former department presi dent of the American Legion aux iliary Clarence Johnston of Ot tumwa one of the states ablest editors Robert C Lappen and Mabel Miller Longshore THIS committee in its study en listed the help of Public Ad ministration service of Chicago headed by H G Pope as execu tive director Three specialists from that organization labored with the Iowa committee ap pointed by Gov Robert D Blue The report therefore reflects the most authentic and enlightened thinking on the subject of caring for juvenile delinaucnts The study was prompted by the sensational outbreak at the El dora institution jiyear and a half ago and is primarily directed at the training school problem as it presents itself in Iowa But the thoroughness with which the re search was conducted gives the report a value for the entire country At the very least the commit tees findings and recommenda tions merit the most earnest con sideration of Ittwas legislators Some of the recommendations call for immediate action and that ac tion should proceed from an in telligent understanding of the principles involved PERHAPS the most sweeping of these recommendations is one calling for the creation of a state department of social welfare headed by a single administrative officer and governed by a state board This would supplant the present administration of the training schools by the state board of control Under this suggested setup a division of institutions would be made an organizational unit of the state department of social wel fare with responsibility for man agement of the welfare institu tions While this recommendation syn chronizes with the governors pro posal that the board of control be done away with there are evi dences that majority sentiment in the legislature is not favorable to such a course To say the least the subject is debatable TTOWEVER that be it must be admitted that the study com mittee makes an extremely plaus ible case for its recommendation Its part and parcel of its over all contention that much of the trouble Iswa and other states have encountered in dealing with ju venile delinquents bases on a failure to screen the boys and1 girls before committing them to an institution Under the committees recom mended courseof action courts handling juvenile cases would commit the delinquent to the state board of social welfare which in turn would have both the facili ties and responsibility for de termining the course best suited to the individual Thats whats known as screen ing IN recent years some people con nected with the care and train ing of juvenile delinquents have made the headlines by repeating this cliche There is no such thing as a bad boy Its a pleasant its an absolute falsehood How they get that way is another matter but there IS such a thing as a bad boy It was bad boys who caused all the trouble at Eldora Without any discrimination whatever they were committed to the boys training school to mix with lads not fundamentally bad Though in minority they had the same ef fect that a rotten apple has on a barrel of apples WITH such a system of screen ing as that proposed by the committee these bad boys would have been sent to another insti tution probably the reformatory at Anamosa and the outbreak of 1945 would not have occurred Its a disturbing fact that the CONTINUED ON FACE JO BAR COAL STRIKE ON MARCH 31 MOLOTOV ASKS BILLION FROM GERMANY Russia Wants 4 Power Control of Ruhr and End to Zonal Fusion Moscow Minister V M Molotov demanded of the foreign ministers conference Monday a 20year reparation pay ment plan by which Germany would pay the Soviet Union 000000000 Molotov asked for a 4power control of the Ruhr and immediate cancellation of the American British zonal fusion The Russian diplomat demanded also the removal from Germany of capital goods such as factories for reparations a division of Ger man assets held abroad and rep arations from current production He said the 20year payment period should date from the sign ing of the Potsdam agreement in 1945 Molotov said the agreed level of German production in steel should be raised from 10000000 to 12 000000 tons annually to provide for reparations payment Molotov proposed that central agencies be created in Germany to administer the reparations pro gram The Russian demands went be yond what even the most pessi mistic western observers thought the Soviet Union would seek British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin first of the ministers to present his views on economic unity also asked for an increased level for German industry Bevin pointed out however that any economic merger of all the occupation zones of Germany would require that all the zones share equally in cost He said he would make his full proposal later but that the carrying out of the Potsdam provision for repar ations only in capital goods was a British idea of the right method The Briton warned that his gov ernment under no circumstances would undertake obligations in Germany that would entail addi tional cost Bevin was reported to have drafted a letter to Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov rejecting Molotovs proposal for a special conference on China Bevin took a stand similar to Marshalls but in addition was reported to nave stressed that Britain viewed the Chinese matter as primarily be tween the United States and Russia In a meeting of deputy foreign ministers the United States aunched a plea for wider par icipation by smaller nations in drafting the peace for Germany Ambassador Robert Murphy urged a formula that would admit 20 countries instead of the 4 powers and 18 smaller countries hereto fore invited to present their views o the deputies at London Mur phys list added Mexico Bolivia ran and the Philippines Murphy was opposed by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsljy who said he wanted each nation approved separately rather than admitted by a gen eral formula He said he did not object to Iran In objecting to a French pro posal on the same subject Vishin sky attacked any participation by Turkey and quoted what he said were the words of a United States politician that Turkey grew fat on the war Want Truman to Report Aid Plan to U N Washington repub lican proposals arose Monday that President Truman 1 officially report his GreekTurkey aid pro gram to the United Nations and 2 designate Herbert Hoover to direct relief activities in the 2 countries As congress awaited a legisla tive blueprint on the presidents program to spend in bolstering the Mediterranean na tions against threats of commun ism Senator H Alexander Smith RN voiced concern at any bypassing of the U N He said he thinks a frank statement of American intentions should be made directly to the international organization At the same time Senator Moore suggested that Hoover who recently completed a Euro pean food survey be named to direct relief and rehabilitation ex penditures which will go along with the limited military aid Mr Truman promised the 2 countries After a white house visit last Wednesday however Hoover told reporters that under no possible circumstances would he accept any such role At my time in life he added I have reached the stage of advice and consulta tion Most members of congress meanwhile awaited with mount ing interest the report of Paul Porter from his economic mission to Greece and the return of Am bassador Lincoln Mac Veagh and Edwin C Wilson from Athens and Ankara respectively Porter arrived by plane Monday from Athens but declined to dis cuss economic conditions there Almost simultaneously with word that the former OPA chief had left for home Sunday to sub mit his findings to Mr Truman diplomatic officials disclosed that the 2 envoys also were ordered back for consultations 6 YOUTHS HURT IN AUTO MISHAP Car Runs Into Bridge on U S 18 Near Algona youths from Whit temore Livermore and Luverne were injured at a m Mon day on U S highway 18 3i miles west of Algona when their car crashed into a bridge and wos totally demolished The accident was almost identi cal to another which occurred 24 hours earlier on the same high way some miles farther west near the Kossuth Palo Alto county line Most seriously injured were Jack Uhlenhake 20 of Whitte more with a fractured left leg and Deloris McKenna 20 of Livr ermore with severe facial lacera tions Suffering minor cuts and bruises were Edward Schumacher 20 Whittemore driver of the car Roger Uhlenhake 18 Whittemore Jean Bahanich 18 Luverne and Alice Putzstuck 17 Luverne The accident occurred when the lights went out of the car which was traveling east and the driver ost control A J Cogley Kossuth county sheriff investigated Mac Arthur Urges Early End to Military Occupation of Japan Tokyo MacArthur Monday advocated an early end of the military occupation of Japan and elimination of allied head quarters position under a formal peace treaty on which negotiations should begin as soon as possible Control and guidance of Japans democratization should then continue under supervision of the United Nations MacArthur told correspondents in his first ontherecord press conference since early n the war He declined to specify when he thought peace negotiations should begin but indicated he believed it should be within a matter of months at the longest He declined to speculate on the pos sible length of additional super vision MacArthur said if the United nations cannot provide the mild control needed for Japan the U N cannot meet any challenge Other points made by Mac Arthur during questioning at the conclusion of a press club lunch eon 1 The occupation has nearly completed its constructive func lons The first ended The polit cal phase is approaching such completion as is possible under sccupation The third be settled by occupation authorities Z Japan is still economically ilockaded by the allied powers Tinal settlement of this problem s possible only with a peace treaty Trade must be in the hands of private traders 3 Japan today understands as thoroughly as any nation that war does not pay Her spiritual revo lution probably was the greatest the world has ever known 4 Japan has lost her feudalistic concepts and has come to recog nize the dignity of man I dont by that mean to say this thing called democracy has been accomplished The process of democratization is one of contin uaLflux It takes years But in sofar as you can lay down the framework it already is accom plished There is little more ex cept to watch control and guide I believe sincerely and absolutely that individual freedom is here to Ashes of 11 Top Nazis Sifted Into Stream By CLINTON B CONGER United Press Staff Corerspondent Frankfurt bodies of Hermann Goering and his 10 fel low nazi leaders were cremated on the day of the mass execution last pet 16 and the ashes were sifted into a stream at place of the nazi party Thus for these 11 topflight nazis at least the road ended where it began after a cataclysmic cycle of destruction Five months and a day after the Nuernberg executions and suicide of Goering the United Press was able Monday to reveal how the bodies were disposed of The U S army had dropped a curtain over the events following the Nuernberg hangings It had sought to preclude any possibility of furnishing a shrine for any nazi fanatics who now or in the future might worship at the place where their idols last reposed Now the word has come that photographs of the dispersal of the nazi ashes are being offered for sale in the United States And so the secret unveiled by United Ward Barnes Eagle Grove Editor Dies Rites Tuesday Campaign Manager for Gov Blue Succumbs to Cerebral Thrombosis Iowa City services for Ward Barnes 63 editor of the Eagle Grove Eagle and campaign manager for Iowa Governor Robert D Blue will be held Tues day afternoon at Eagle Grove Barnes died Saturday in a hos pital here Doctors at the hospital said death was due to cerebral thrombosis Barnes had been in the hospital for about a week A prominent Iowa republican Barnes was a delegate to the na tional convention in Philadelphia in 1940 As editor of the Eagle he was named in 1938 a master editor by the Iowa Press Association Born in 1883 on a farm near Fedora S Dak Barnes moved at the age of 13 to Eagle Grove with his family His father operated the Eagle for a number of years A graduate of the University of Iowa in 1907 Barnes taught in Burlington and Cedar Rapids schools before returning to Eagle Grove Survivors are his widow a WARD BARNES daughter Mrs William Baxter of Middleton Ohio and a son Arthur Barnes professor of journalism at the University of Iowa a Dry Day in Old Dublin and there a shortage of shamrocks in old Ireland this St Patricks day Winter snows which have covered this isle for many weeks were responsible Sprigs sold for a half crown 50 cents each The usual price is 3 pence 5 Those to be had were tinted with brown by the snow Irish folk crowded their churches for holiday services Prime Min ister Eamon De Valera and his ministers drove in state to mass at the Dublin procathedral The holiday was observed quietly Saloons closed There was a scarcity of whisky this week but no shortage of the Irish national drink stout 2 CHARLES CITY CHILDREN DROWN Bodies in Water Over 3 Hours Before Found SEE PICTURE ON PAGE 4 Charles services were pending Monday morning for Judy 7 and Bobbie 4 chil dren of Mr and Mrs Melvin Bald 104 Third avenue who were drowned in the Cedar river here shortly after 5 p m Sunday The bodies were recovered at p m The children had been permit ted to go to the movies and it was not until a little after 5 oclock that they were missed The parents called the theater and the children were not there Inquiries were made at homes where the children visited often but no one had seen them A searching party was organized and attention was directed to the river east of Main street near the site known as Beauty dam an L H Henry project constructed dur ing the days of the depression Harry LaBounty one of the searching party saw the beys hand sticking out of the water near the raft which had been used in public service work for several years The boy was pulled out of the water and but a short distance away the body of the girl was found The water was not deep but the children had apparently fallen from the raft and became helpless in the cold water The fire department was called in an effort to resuscitate the chil dren but it was apparent from the start that they had been in the water too long The bodies were taken to the Grossmann funeral home Man Killed in Iowa CarTruck Collision Decorah Workman 27 of South Bend Ind was killed Saturday when the car he was driving was in a headon collision 4 miles north of here with a semi trailer truck owned by Fernstrom Van and Storage company Chi cago Membership cards from South Bend and Milwaukee clubs dis closed Workman was a boxer Preacher Dies in Pulpit of Heart Attack Charles City Short funeral services were held at 3 p m Monday at the Grossmann chapel for the Rev J Milton Holmberg 29 who collapsed in his pulpit at the Covenant Evangelical Mission church just before noon Sunday and died of a heart attack within 5 minutes He was preaching on the text A Divided Heart After the services for the mem bers of his church here the body was taken to Worthington Minn where funeral services were held and burial made Mr Holmberg came to Charles City from North Park college Chi cago 20 months ago He is sur vived by 3 sisters and a brother all in California Omaha Woman Killed 3 Hurt in Auto Crash Harlan Palmer of Omaha was killed and 3 other young persons with whom she was riding were injured in a headon collision of an automobile and a truck on an icy stretch of U S highway 64 about 6 miles south of Harlan at 8 p m Sunday Elmer Borchers and Margaret Barry both of Omaha were taken to a hospital in that city Vernon Kullbom was removed to a Har lan hospital The driver of the truck was uninjured SAME Black flag means traffic deatb In past 24 hoar Press Back In Paris Paris UR Newspapers ap peared in the French capital Mon day for the first time since Feb 13 They had been suspended because of a printers strike Press correspondents in 4 Ger man cities after weeks of check ing no longer is a secret In the Ostfriedhof area of East Munich is a German civilian ceme tery and a gray stone building 40 feet wide and 80 feet long It is af high as a 3story house and is surrounded by a 6foot stone wall which contains the chapel In the basement is a gas oven for crema tion Eleven bodies were cremated there last Oct 16 It took all day to do the job It was 11 p m before the cremations were finished An American officer took 11 heavy urns and the military party left the crematory The precise time and place of the next scene in the drama are not known At least 3 Americans were pres high army security officer a mortuary officer and a civilian mortician maybe a fourth It was broad daylight in the little Munich suburb of Solln European Theater Mortuary No 1 at Heilmannstrasse 25 stands on a 60foot cliff above the Isar riv er It may have been the creek on one of the 2 Isar river branches But at any rate it was somewhere on the isolated river plain that 11 bright aluminum cylinders were lined up in the mixed sand and high grass along the water Tightly sealed they were about 16 inches high and 6 inches in diameter One by one the cylinders were chopped with axes smashed open with boot heels Their contents were sifted into the water which eventually finds its way into the Danube 6 NORTH IOWANS HURT IN CRASH Car Runs Into Bridge Upsets in Snowdrift Algona young people were still in hospitals Mon day morning and a 6th was per mitted to go home Sunday night following an accident at a m Sunday when a car in which they were riding crashed into a bridge on highway 18 in Palo Alto coun ty a mile west of the Kossuth county line The car owned by D D Sparks of Algona driven by his son Everett 19 was demolished Re ports stated that all that saved the young people from more serious injuries was the fact that they landed in a huge snowdrift near the bridge The injured were Everett Sparks gash on the leg and possible internal injuries Vaughn Brown 20 head in juries and shock His skull was not fractured as at first believed Gloria Crawford 17 broken left collarbone Dorothy Lewis 17 shock and bruises Beverly Lewis 16 shock and bruises Dorothy Helmer 17 head in juries All were taken to a hospital at Emmetsburg but Gloria Crawford was removed Sunday evening to the Kossuth County hospital at Algon and Dorothy Helmer was taken home The young people were on their way home from Emmetsburg when the accident occurred Sheriff A J Cogley of Kossuth county as sisted with the investigation Half of Returns In Des Moines state tax commission has announced that less than half the half million 1946 Iowa state income tax re turns expected have been re ceived The deadline for filing re turns is March 31 M L Abra hamson commission cashier said 20000 to 25000 returns are being received daily Control Board Denies Report on Hospitals Des Moines state board of control Monday described as thoroughly untypical and grossly unfair a Philadelphia re port which cited instances of brutality at 3 Iowa mental hos pitals Herbert H Hauge chairman of the board asserted that whenever the board or heads of institutions have learned of brutality to in mates by attendants prompt ac tion has been taken to immedi ately discharge the offending em ploye As for complaints that we have inadequate personnel and insuffi cient funds to do the kind of a job we would like to do Hauge said every lowan knows of the boards struggle to get greater ap propriations so we may success fully carry out our task The board is standing firm in its request to the legislature for a 58 per cent increase in funds over the amount appropriated 2 years ago Hauge said the board had not even received a copy of the re port of the National Mental Health Foundation Inc which is headed by Owen J Roberts of Philadel phia retired justice of the U S supreme court The report probably is based on information furnished the foundation by conscientious ob jectors who were alloted to hospi tals for use as male nurses in lieu of sterner types of detainment be cause of their refusal to fight in the war Hauge said They are sending the same kind of report about institutions of almost every state Hauge pointed out that the board had employed Dr Frank Leslie of Andover Mo a na tionally prominent psychiatrist to make an extensive study of short comings of Iowas mental hospi tals Dr Leslie reported that we were doing a reasonably good job considering the inadequacy of funds and consequent lack of the type of skilled personnel we would like to have Hauge continued Scarcely a month goes by he added that under the boards standing instructions some county attorney does not take action to punish a discharged institutional employe if he has maltreated an inmate The Philadelphia report which the foundation said it had sent to Iowa legislators and Gov Robert D Blue charged neglect brutal ity crowding and incompetence in 3 Iowa institutions ENGLAND HIT BY NEW GALES London gales were predicted Monday for Britain in the wake of a 100 mile an hour wind and rainstorm which left at least 6 persons dead and flat tened buildings like wartime bombing Rescue techniques perfected in the blitz days were revived by tinhatted police squads burrow ing through rubble of smashed buildings for victims Scores of persons were injured Driving rain during the next 24 hours predicted by the air min istry was expected to worsen flood conditions along the Thames and other streams in southern England At Reading 25 miles west of London waters from the Thames rolled through city streets a mile from the river banks It was the worst flood there in 50 years The playing fields of Eton were waterlogged The college was closed and its 1100 boys sent home The royal town of Windsor across the Thames was almost cut off by the flood waters 22 Seamen Still Riding Stern of Broken Ship Despite Storm Honolulu aircraft prepared to take off from Midway Monday to search anew for 12 men missing in a feared beyond the reach of 22 other crewmen of the broken tanker Fort Dearborn rode out lashing seas halfway between Midway and Pearl Harbor Late reports from the navy command ship El Dorado escorting the tankers stern section said the halfship with the 22 aboard was steaming ahead safely stern to sea and wind and with the storm subsiding The El Dorado said the men reported the bulkhead still intact and the stern seaworthy despite battering by 45 knot winds and high seas which had prevented their rescue Ten other Fort Dearborn crew men taken from the almost awash bow section were safely aboard the liner General W H Gordon bound for San Francisco The bow and stern broke apart in last Wednesdays storm 1100 miles northwest of Honolulu The 22 men are safe so long as the stern section holds to gether a navy spokesman said but the El Dorado reported Sun day that the front end of the severed stern section had weak ens 1 and navy men feared it might give way If the missing Fort Dearborn lifeboat unsighted since it put out last Wednesday has drifted at the same rate as bow and stern it now is virtually beyond reach of landbased search planes the spokesman acknowledged HIGH TRIBUNAL IS SET FOR MARCH 20 Miners Still Able to Walk Out But Must Pay for Action Washington supreme court barred the door Monday against another coal miners walk out March the miners are willing to pay for the privilege It did this my making effective on March 20 orders it issued 10 days ago when it upheld a V S district courts conviction of John L Lewis and the United Mine Workers for contempt of court The order originally was to go into effect March 31 with Lewis allowed 5 days thereafter to com ply with it Attorney General Tom C Clark asked the court to set an earlier date He said there was danger the 400000 miners might quit work March 31 as they are now under instructions from Lewis to work only until then In other actions Monday the court 1 In effect held that the gov ernment can fire an employe who takes part in commuunit front activities 2 Ruled that loans from the Farm Credit Administration must be repaid before other creditors collect from the estate of the bor rowing farmer 3 Refused to review a conten tion by C D Beck Sidney Ohio that constitutional guarantees of freedom of speech permitted him to tell his employes a union was a racket The national labor re lations board had ruled it was an unfair labor practice barred by the Wagner act The Issue as to the governments right to fire for association with communist groups was raised by Morton Friedman now p New Torfc lawyer He was ousted from a fob with the war manpower commission on grounds he was active with the American Peace Mobilization which the civil service commission decided was formed under aus pices of the communist party Friedman contended he was fired as a result of a witch hunt The high court refused him a review Martial Law Is Lifted in Jerusalem Tel Aviv Jerusalem member of the Jewish underground was sen tenced to death Monday coinci dent with tfie lifting of martial law in Tel Aviv and the Mea Shearim area of Jerusalem British military court imposed the death sentence on Moshe Barazini 21 of the stern gang He was arrested last week in the Mea Shearin quarter with a hand grenade in his possession Imposition of death sentences on Jewish underground members frequently have touched off vio lence in the Holy Land The martial law which affected more than 300000 Jews was lifted at noon after 13 days with a Bri tish warning that it might be im posed again Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and a little warmer Monday night Tuesday increasing cloudiness with a little light snow likely Tuesday afternoon Low Mon day night about 18 Iowa Fair Monday night increas ing cloudiness and a little warmer Tuesday with some snow in the west portion Tues day afternoon low Monday night 1418 high Tuesday 3840 Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday snow flurries northwest portion Monday night and light snow in extreme southwest portion Tuesday not quite so cold north portion Mon day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 32 Minimum 16 At 8 a m Monday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 48 Minimum 41 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 22 Minimum 11 At 8 a m Sunday 15 Precipitation trace Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 47
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