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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, March 13, 1947 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1947, Mason City, Iowa                                I WtN I AN9 OES ARCHIVES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UlillT Associated Prat and United Ptta Full Leued Wins Five Onto Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 13 1947 This Paper Consists ol Two One No 131 SPEED SENATE ACTION ON GREECE MARSHALL HITS RUSSIAN USE OF DENAZIFICATION Says Reports Received of Active Nazis Cleared by Joining Red Party Moscow Of State Marshall speaking ondenazifica tion before the foreign ministers Thursday said that the United States has been disturbed by fre quent reports in the soviet zone of Germany that former active nazis may be cleared by joining the socialist unity communist party Apparently speaking to forestall an expected soviet attack on American zone denazification Marshal read a 3 page statement relating that 12000000 persons have been registered for investi gation 200000 tried and 370000 removed from office in the U S section of Germany The secretary added that the American zone denazification went far beyond allied control author ity directives and asserted there is nothing to conceal He pointed out allied control council had not received full re ports on denazification in the east ern soviet zone of Germany and added my government opposes the use of denazification in favor of any political party Marshall said lack of uniformity In denazification procedure and practices led to distrust among the occupyingpowers and recommend ed that the foreign ministers direct the allied control council to adopt uniform laws on denazification Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin told the council that the British had a list of 40 high nazis who are holding important positions in Germanys soviet zone Question of Reducing Armed Strength Confronts Nation Army and Navy Silent on Future Results of Foreign Policy Shift By ELTON C FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter Washington Trumans newly enunciated for eign policy confronted the XTnited States Thursday with the problem of deciding quickly whether to continue reducing its armed strength The address to congress car ried no implication that an armed clash is expected or contemplated however the armed forces are maintained for the support of for ign policy in time of peace At the war and navy depart ments no one was prepared to say mmediately what impact any new oreign commitments might have on the planned size of the armed services It was pointed out nev ertheless that a critical time ele ment is involved in at least 2 phases of this general question the planned average strength for the year beginning next July 1 of 1070000 for the Bevin named 5 of these saying army arid 571000 for the navy be he read only that manyin order to show allied unityThis evoked some laughter and a witness said Molotov grinned All the ministers made state ments on denazification and de mocratization Molotov expressed dissatisfaction generally with the progress of these programs in the western zones He specifically de nied Marshalls reference to nazis in political parties saying he knew of no case where a nazi had been permitted to join the Socialist Unity party Mainly however Molotov as sailed the principle of mass denazi fication as undertaken Jn the American zone He said he thought this system let some big nazis slip through and worked hardships on the people generally In the soviet zone he said au thorities concentrate on removing nazis from public and private of fices and 390478 persons have been removed from such positions there This was more he said than in any other zone Molotov charged that nazis were working throughout the judicial system in all 3 western zones He asserted that judicial positions in the American zone are 35 per cent nazi in the British zone 43 per cent and in the French zone 50 per cent The soviet minister also listed 5 persons he described as holding important positions in the British zone Since Molotov spoke first this presumably gave Bevin the basis for reading 5 names from his list Marshall for his part proposed the directive to make uniform all denazification procedures through out Germany Persons present at the confer ence said there had been no men tion of President Trumans speech and added there was no evidence of its having any effect on the council of foreign ministers or the ministers themselves While soviet reaction to the presidents speech was awaited with keen interest in diplomatic circles and while the recall of the Russian envoysfrom London and Washington was the subject of much speculation there seemed to be general agreement that the con duct of foreign affairs under the new American secretary would be more dynamic than in many years with the present meeting of the council of foreign ministers the first testing ground There can no longer be any doubt that the highest American on their declared beliefin the existence of a sovie expansionist and aggressive at titude toward the rest of the world are now moving to pit American power and prestige against Russian power and prestige in an effort to check that ex pansion Allow FM Grant Washington Capita City Broadcasting company of Des Moines has been granted a con ditional grant for a frequency modulation FM station subject to approval of engineering details the communications commission has Announced Oscar Night in Hollywood Hollywood gold statuette named Oscar will rule over movieland Thursday night when the greats of the picture industry gather in top hats and mink to find out who won the 1946 academy awards Thousands of the screens topranking personalities will roll up in imousines to the Shrine auditorium for the 19th annual awards meet ing of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences First theyll run the gamut ol 16 giant searchlights and more than 20000 screaming fans 1200 in bleachers and the rest standing Then nside at Hollywoods number one production will get under way on a special stage that will stagger even stars hardened to lavish movie sets But itll be the last event on the awards for the best picture and the audience of 10200 will be waiting for The academy event will be the first outside the Hollywood area the first in an auditorium first open to the public and the first in which bookies openly took bets on the winners and published the odds n a morning line IOWAS COUNTY ASSESSOR BILL BEFORE HOUSE Pass Amendment to Make County Auditor ExOfficio Assessor army to familiarize themselves with American equipment and iperations carried out or should the rate of reduction be checked to stabilize the armed services at a higher manpower figure this case will congress and the white house proceed with Vlr Trumans recommendation of March 3 that selective service be not renewed upon its expiration date of March 31 The nations military forces are of definitely modest proportions in the area where the new foreign policy focuses most sharply the Mediterranean The situation in that area seems to be this Naval light crui sers the Dayton Portsmouth and Providence and 6 destroyers Un der the rotation plan a carrier normally would be on station in the Mediterranean but all such craft in active service now are in the western Atlantic most of them on maneuvers in the Caribbean area Army Ground near est organized military force strength unstated is headquar ters force of the Mediterranean theater of operations at Rome Some troops also are on occupa tion duty in the Trieste area at the head of the Adriatic Army Air no American military combat planes in the Mediterranean although some military transport service is maintained and a feiy weather stations operated by the AAF There are of course the oc cupation armies in Germany and Austria and some American naval craft based in German occupied ports However the land forces of the United States are presumed to be far outweighed by similar forces of other nations including Russia with several tens of divi sions under arms Russias sur face naval force is believed to be negligible Her air force pre sumably of no more than moderate proportions with emphasis on fighter aircraft rather than bomb ers A recent press dispatch from Germany reported that the AAF was returning home all its heavy bombardment aircraft a report which AAF headquarters here has declined to discuss The army in line with usual diplomatic practice already has military missions attached to the American diplomatic establish ments in Greece and Turkey The ranking military attaches at Athens and Ankara are both colo nels To a question whether other higher ranking officers are in Greece or Turkey it was explained that protocol provides that the ranking officer be the senior mil itary attache regardless of who else may be in the country tem porarily Pending further clarification by Mr Truman his recommendation for instruction and training of selected Greek and Turkish per sonnel is assumed to suggest a practice long followed by the army in the case of some Latin American and other nations Un der that practice selected army and air officers of other nations come to the United States for at tendance at army schools and ex perience in field operations f our WISCONSINS GOVERNOR DIES Was Oldest State Chief Executive in Nation Madison Wis tough old codger Governor Walter Samuel Goodland is dead The 84yearold republican gov rnor oldest state chief executive n the nation died in his bed at he executive mansion of a heart ttack Wednesday night Lt Gov Oscar Rennebohm will succeed G o o d in the states top post Goodland who proclaimed himself a tough old codr ger as he en his suc cessful cam paign for third term as governor last year was at the executive office until p m Wednesday aft GOODLAND ernoon The governor retired shortly after dinner Wednesday night and was stricken a few hours later He died at p m p m A plurality of 215471 votes over lis democratic opponent Daniel Scan of Milwaukee swept Good and into his third gubernatorial erm and at the same time marked his second victory over preprimary snub by the state voluntary republican organiza ion The state group indorsed Del sert J Kenny West Bend indus rialist for the republican nomi nation and a former state adju iant general Ralph M Immell also was in the race but Goodland easily topped the field Auto Accident Injuries Fatal for Sioux Cityan Sioux City L Ter penning 64 of Sioux City diec Tuesday of auto accident injuries suffered more than 2 months ago SAME Black flat means traffic 4ealtt la pus 14 hour Raid Dedham Taverns Carroll ma chines whisky and punchbbards were seized in raids on 3 taverns a Dedham Iowa Tuesday Sheriff Tom J Finegan reported Wednes day Country Attorney Robert S Bruner said he planned to file charges against all the operators DCS Moines The house made one major amendment to he county assessor bill Thursday to make the county auditor ex officio county assessor The house spent all morning discussing the amendment by Rep William S Beardsley RNew and nine others The Jeardslcy amendment was adopt ed by a vote of 79 to 22 Work on the bill continued during the aft ernoon In addition to vesting the duties of county assessor in the county auditor Beardsleys amendment also gave the county auditor power o appoint the deputy assessors Such deputies would have to be residents of the county for a year o qualify Their compensation would be fixed by the county board of supervisors The Beardsley amendment sharply altered some provisions of the assessor bill which passed the senate by a 3910 vote The senate Dill provided that the assessor should be a separate official and that he should be appointed by a uoard set up specifically to make he appointment The assessor would appoint his deputies but the board would set their salaries The seriate bill did not lay down any residence restrictions on the appointments It was the 2nd piece of major legislation scheduled in the house this week and followed passage by the lower chamber Wednesday of the Fimmen compromise beer bill The beer bill now awaits the decision of the senate The county assessor bill has been tabbed by Gov Robert D Blue as one of the 5 most im portant pieces of legislation be fore the lawmakers As he views it he said establishment of the proposed county assessor system would result in more equitable distribution of taxes and actually more revenue The additional revenue he said could be used to increase state aid to schools Although the meas ure sailed through the senate by vote of 39 to 10 and it has strong backing in the house it also has considerable opposition Heart of the bill one of the major proposals of the state tax study committee is the plan to set up a county assessor in each of the 99 counties of the state This would mean elimination of the 1600 township assessors ef fective next Jan 1 The bill would permit reten tion of the city assessors in the 21 cities of more than 10000 popu lation But it would abolish about 900 city and town assessors in municipalities of less than 10000 population Most of the assessors who would be abolished are elected The bill would make all of them appoin tive A county board of review would be established in each county and a city board of review would be established in each city of more than 10000 population which elected to retain its city assessor The board of review could adjust assessments The bill sets up boards to ap point the assessors and board of review members ior 4year terms Senator Frank C Byers RCe dar who with Senator Robert Kier RSpencer piloted the bill through the senate re called that every tax study com mittee since 1912 has recommend ed adoption of the plan He declared adoption of the plan now is imperative because the state is entering upon a perioc of distributing state aid to local governments that can not be ap portioned equitably unless prop erty is equitably assessed for taxa tion Large Game Reserve Kruger park a wild game pre serve in Africa is larger than New Jersey AP Wirephoto LUCKY men crawled out unhurt after derailed cars of a freight train reduced the Granville station of the Milwaukee road to this pile of tangled timbers Granville is 10 miles north of Milwaukee Wis Administration Opens Fight Against Plans to Cut Taxes Treasury Secretary Wants Budget Surplus Put on National Debt Washington adminis tration Thursday opened its fight against republican plans to cut in come taxes Secretary of Treasury John W Snyder told the taxwriting house ways and means committee that this is no time to cut taxes He said that for the time being any government surplus should be used to reduce the national debt And he predicted that the govern ment would wind up fiscal 1947 on June 30 with a surplus instead of in the red as previously estimated Snyders testimony was delayed 15 minutes while committee mem bers wrangled over the way its affairs have been handled Demo cratic members charged Chairman Harold KnutSon with steamroller tactics Knutson is author of a bill calling for a flat 20 per cent tax cut on all incomes up to 000 That bill was the main target of Snyders criticism Other congressional develop ments official of the United Electrical Workers CIO said hed be willing to support a communist as president of the union if a ma jority of the membership elected him But he said it would be im possible for a communist to get a majority The official Russ Nixon testified before the house labor 6ommittee which is trying to find out whether communists seek to infiltrate labor unions to tie up strategic industries in case of war Rep Roger C Slaughter told a house committee that the state depart ment is giving away surplus war material to foreign countries LcndLease Chairman John Tabor of the house appropriations committee revealed that a sub committee hasrejecteda state de partment request to ship 000 worth of lendlease oil refin ery machinery to Russia Taber said it would have been appease ment to grant the request Veterans The CIO veterans committee said it wants new as surance that the house leadership will permit a vote on a bill to raise onthejobtraining wage ceilings for veterans The request was made to Speaker Joseph W Martin Jr in a letter saying there were insistent indications that the leadership intends to block a vote on the bill Presidential prom inent house republicans served notice that they would fight a sen ate move to put a 10year instead of 8year limit on presidential tenure The senate Wednesday night ap proved a house resolution for a constitutional amendment to limit presidents to 2 terms But it wrote in an amendment permitting Vice presidents who succeed to partial terms of no more than 2 years to serve 2 additional full terms of their own The republicans oppos ing this were Reps Clarence Brown Ohio and Earl C Mich ener Mich chairman of the house judiciary committee Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and colder Thursday night with clearing late in night Low about 24 Friday fair Iowa Clearing in west mostly cloudy in east Thursday night with rain or snow in extreme east portion somewhat colder Friday generally fair Low Thursday night 22 northwest to 30 southeast High Friday about 34 Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night with a few snow flur ries northeast portion colder Friday fair and rather cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 38 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Thursday 32 Precipitation 18 YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 44 Greeks Welcome U S Proposal of Support Athens Minister Demetrios Maximos said Thursday that Greece is eternally indebted to President Truman and the American people for the presi dents offer of aid I arn deeply touched by Mr Trumans message Maximos said Greece is wholly and eternally intebted with gratitude to the president and the American peo ple The communists denounced the American policy as NeoFascist Left wing newspapers called il antidemocratic Moderate opposi tion newspapers emphasized the presidents condemnation of ex tremists on both sides A new revue opened in an Ath ens theater entitled Send Us More Money Uncle Truman URGE NEW RENT CONTROL SETUP McCarthy Wants Sugar Rationing Wiped Out Washington ff Senator Mc Carthy RWis proposed Thurs day extension of rent controls un til next March 1 under a new ren adjustment and decontrol board He said he worked his bill ou with Chairman Taft Ohio of th senate GOP policy committee ane will offer it as a substitute for other rent control legislation bot tled up in the senate banking mittee McCarthy said he also will in troduce with Senator Bricker R Ohio a bill to wipe out sugar ra tioning and continue price conlro under the secretary of agriculture instead of OPA He explained his rent bill would provide no general increase in ceilings but would authorize the proposed new control agency to make blanket adjustments in any of the 649 rent areas set up b OPA A subcommittee of the senate banking group recommended a bil which would have uppcd ceiling 10 per cent and turned enforce ment of controls over to the courts The full committee declined to ac cept the proposal Meanwhile OPA officials told a reporter they are unable to maki plans for closing up shop June 30 as directed in a bill passed by the house and senate until congress decides where to transfer rent anc sugar controls Picket Lines Set Up at Quaker Oats Plant Cedar Kapids line were being formed outside the Quaker Oats company plant here Thursday morning as cereal union workers went on strike following the expiration of a 4day contrac extension Day shift workers reported a 7 a m Thursday and gatherei outside the plant gates Sign had been posted proclaiming strike over working conditions A lastditch effort to avert strike failed Wednesday nigh when union and management rep resentatives met with Walter C White U S conciliator but faile to come to an agreement on re taining 15minute rest periods At present machines are shi down for the rest periods whic extend over a 45minute span Arthur Poe general manager o the firm said the company can not stand the loss of productio and asks that the rest period be spread over a 2J hour perioc with the machines still running Hungary and Korea Top List of Potential Candidates for US Support By EDWARD BOMAR Washington Hun gary and occupied Korea loom biggest Thursday on any list of potential candidates for extension of President Trumans declaration of support for free peoples Officials of several government departments already are at work on proposals to help these 2 na tions whose that of Greece and resulted at least in part from Soviet Rus sias expansive pressure The foreign help which the United States has extended since VE day suggests that a global projection of the policy Mr Tru man outlined Wednesday to con gress might later include China and Italy as well But what other countries along the democratic frontier ultimately may claim American support for the future to disclose This government made plain its intent to bolster Hungary in an nouncing a surplus property credit last month and still later by voicing a sharp pro test against Russias direct intjr ference in an attempt to upset the freely elected democratic ma jority in the Budapest parlia ment However signs this week that leaders of the smallholder party majority may be knuckling under to the communists and leftists bloc have raised questions wheth er the further assistance that was promised February 15 may now be too late if not too little Korea a nation divided by American and Russian occupation zones has a status somewhat like Austria but the Koreans can qua jfy as a free people under formal declaration of the wartime allies The program of American assist ance now being put into shape is aimed at repairing railways fac tories and other productive facili ties in U Soccupied southern Kd reo The objective is to make that area selfsupporting regardless of the continuing dispute with Rus sia over terms of the joint trustee ship that was agreed upon at Moscow in 1945 Congress is to be asked for ad ditional funds for Hjgrea but the amount has not been disclosed American support of the Chines nationalist government has bee suspended since Gen George Marshall ended his efforts to me diate differences between the na tionalists and communists whe he became secretary of state i January A exportimpor bank credit still is carmarked fo China however and negotiation have been in progress for the re lease of at least part of the loa before its June 30 expiration dat DAILY SESSIONS AREORDEREDTO RUSH AID BILLS GOP Policy Committee Decides on Move to Get Action by March 31 Washington P The senate epublican policy committee hursday ordered daily sessions of he senate to speed action by March 31 on legislation authoriz ng aid to Greece and Turkey as veil as other bills Chairman Taft of Ohio told re octers the group decided on daily meetings because he understood it s imperative for congress to act n the proposed loan o Greece and Turkey before the nd of the month The senate has icen meeting thrice weekly Taft added that night sessions vould be held on Wednesday As yet Taft has not indicated vhether he intends to support resident Trumans proposal for issistance to Greece and Turkey Senator Vandenberg RMich arlier had called on congress to back the president to combat communist aggression The chairman of the senate for eign relations committee held a news conference after a closed meeting with Secretaries Patter on and Forrestal of the war and navy departments and Undersec retary Acheson of the state depart ment He said he is insisting that every bit of information con cerning the proposed extension of credits to the Mediterranean na ions be made available to the pub ic through open congressional learings The president has courageous ly faced the problem of commune ist aggression and I would expect congress to support him Van denberg said in commenting on Mr Trumans appeal Wednesday for in cash aid and indirect military help to Greece and Turkey As to the methods and details of how this will be done Van denberg continued I expect con gress to reserve its own richt to ass ils own judgment Congress must act Vandenberg said because the United Nations is not prepared at this time to consider such a situation as has arisen Stressing that no United Na tions military force has been formed which could undertake the of peace Vanden aerg ascribed this largely to a failure of the United States and Russia to agree Thursdays discussion with the war navy and state department officials Vandenberg said was m general terms since no detailed bill yet has been offered He again expressed hope congress can complete action on legislation by March 31 Although the Michigan senator obviously was guided fay a desire to support the presidents pro posal as fully as possible in order lo preserve the principle of bi partisan foreign policy some of his democratic and republican col leagues made it plain that strenu ous attempts will be made to write at least some restrictions into leg islation to authorize loans to the 2 countries These restrictions may include 1 An effort to insert a direct prohibition against the use of American troops in either coun try beyond the relatively small forces needed to train Greek and Turkish soldiers and those needed to supervise the transfer of sup plies Z A proposal to limit any help solely to relief thus banning the transfer of military supplies as suggested in the presidents per sonal address to the lawmakers 3 A move to make any aid to Greece contigent on the removal of King George from the throne While he proposed none of these restrictions Senator Taft chairman of the powerful senate republican policy committee mentioned some of them in a statement which left Vandenberg undecided on the presidents plan Declaring that I do not want a war with Russia Taft said he was not fully advised whether in tervention in Greece would make such a contingency more or less probable There could be no objection to loans to Greece for food rehabili tation and reconstruction he said adding that in the case Turkey apparently we are merely asked to finance the army If we assume this sped po sition in Greece and Turkey the Ohio senator continued we can hardly longei reasonably object to the Russians continuing their domination in Poland Yugoslavia Romania and Bulgaria Rep Van Zandt RPa com mented I guess I may as well get my navy uniform out of stor age again   

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