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Mason City Globe Gazette: Saturday, March 8, 1947 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 8, 1947, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION uuiir VOL LDI Associated Pita and United Press Full Leued Wlra Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 8 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 127 MARSHALL FOR 4POWER ALLIANCE CLARK SEEKING QUICK MANDATE FORCOALPEACE Wants Supreme Court to Hand Down Edict Now to Block Strike Washington govern ment will ask the supreme court Monday to knock out the possibili ty of a soft coal stoppage March 31 by handing down immediately its mandate against John L Lewis and the United Mine Workers Union attorneys called a huddle Saturday to decide whether they will oppose the motion by Attor ney General Clark The justice department con tending the danger of a walk out exists said it would be in the public interest for the court to issue its edict without waiting the customary 25 days Meanwhile Secretary of the In terior Krug said the government will make no attempt to bring Lewis and the soft coal operators together for contract negotiations until Lewis has complied with the decision Asked by a radio interviewer Friday night whether the courts decision has lessened the threat of another coal strike Krug re plied Yes temporarily The high courts mandate re quires Lewis to withdraw his no tice ending the unions contract with the government as operator of the coal mines When he or dered the miners back to work Dec 7 the UMW chief called a truce only until the end of this month Lewis will have 5 days to ob serve the mandate Adding the usual 25day delay by the supreme court would run the court pro cedure past the truce deadline Senator Taft ROhio chairman ofthe senate labor committee said after Lewis appearance as a com mittee witness Friday he thinks the next coal strike will occur July date when the gov ernments authority to operate the mines runs out Lewis contention before the committee that the government is acting as muscle man and po lice patrol for the coal operators brought the comment from Krug Friday night that the KrugLewis contract dealt very handsomely with the mine workers Krug signed the contract with Lewis last May 29 which ended the spring coal strike The mine owners quickly took exception to Lewis statement Fri day that they are making big prof its under government control John D Battle executive secre tary of the National Coal associa tion issued a statement saying that profits during the first 9 months last year before federal taxes av eraged less than 15 cents a ton Lewis told the senate committee it was 45 cents atton He said the operators made in profits last year Battle said the net profit would not exceed The big sounding profit figures he said have no foundation in fact They are not to be taken seriously They will deceive neither congress nor the country Sailor 17 Grows Out of Navy Service Jacksonville Fla h e navy earmarked a medical dis charge Saturday for their growing gob 17 year old J E Gillespie of Montgomery Ala Gillespie was only 6 feet 2 when he joined nearly a year ago Now hes 6 feet 6 and a quarter inches tall and navy hammocks and bulk heads just wont fit Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Satuiv day night and Sunday with few snow flurries little change in temperature Low Saturday night 2025 Iowa Mostly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday a few snow flurries in northcentral por tion little change in tempera ture Low Saturday night 22 High Sunday 3540 Minnesota Mostly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday with oc casional light rain or snow Lit tle change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Saturday morning Maximum 37 Minimum 25 At 8 a m Saturday 26 Precipitation 05 Snow 1 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 23 Mason City Housewives Shun Pork Without Asking Prices Mason City housewives were veering away from pork counters without even asking prices dealers stated Saturday But in spite of hogs pork and bacon are still far below the dollar a pound price predicted grocers pointed out When the present supply is exhausted however it will be another story merchants stated One dealer said selling grade 1 bacon at 69 cents and pork chops at 59 cents Center slices of ham were 80 cents Another dealer reported bacon at 79 cents pork chops 68 cents while whole hams were priced at 69 cents and center slices at 90 cents a pound Of course when we replenish our supply we are going to have to raise our prices this grocer said We will have to watch our buying for it is possible we will lave to put the price where the public wont buy Another dealer said pork prod ucts were just moving fair add ing that it was his opinion many consumers had bought ahead and have more pork in their lockers than we have However he said we are looking for a break in hog prices next week Thats what repre sentatives of packers have indi cated Pork loin prices on pack ers lists have come down 8 cents a pound Usual Ceremonies Lacking as Bevin Arrives in Moscow British Delegate to Conference Appeals for Sound Peace Moscow Secre tary Ernest Bevin arrived in Moscow Saturday for the Big 4 conference and issued an immedi ate appeal that the foreign min isters make a sound peace that will let the whole world live in security Bevin was met on his arrival by special train at the ByeloRus sian station by Vice Ministers of Foreign Affairs Andrei Y Vishin sky with a welcome which was notable for its contrast wit the usual panoply of a soviet greeting Foreign Minister V M Molotov who customarily welcomes im portant personages was absent The bands which customarily play the national anthems of Russia and the visitors country were ab sent No formal guard of honor was onharid The lack of these ceremonies aroused immediate comment par ticularly since the soviet had turned out all these honors only last week for the visit of the Po lish Premier Josef Cryankiewicz The station was hedecked with soviet and British flags however and a red carpet had been rolled out The station porters and milit iamen who act as Moscows traffic cops were newly uniformed and the station had been roped off and cleared of loiterers In his brief statement which was broadcast almost immediately by Radio Moscow Bevin said I am very glad to be back in Moscow again and bring greetings from the British people both in Great Britain and the common wealth We shall spend these days ahead of us trying to make a sound peace which shall prevent any fu ture aggression and let the whole world live in security All good wishes to the people of the soviet union Despite elaborate Bevin and Vishinsky chatted gaily and appeared in good spirits Secretary of State George C Marshall will arrive Sunday on his first visit to Mocsow Foreign Minister Georges Bidault of France will reach here the same day The conference opens for mally on Monday Marshalls arrival was awaited with the greatest interest He is the newcomer to the Big 4 In formed quarters agreed that his reactions to Soviet Foreign Min ister V M Molotov Bevin and Bidault and their attitude toward him will be more important in many ways than the actual de cisions reached here Relations between Marshall and Bevin will draw particular inter est because the men are meeting onthe heels of the Palestine con troversy between President Tru man and Bevin Bevin publicly ac cused the president of playing do mestic politics with Palestine and Mr Truman replied that Bevins remarks were unfortunate The soviet press has been silent about the conference not even mentioning the elaborate prepara tions being made to house the vis iting delegations and newsmen British Officer Loses Ship Because He Ate With Enlisted Men Eosyth England John Thomas Wardle of the Royal Navy was dismissed from his ship penalized 3 months seniority in rank and severely reprimanded by a court martial Saturday for eat ing Christmas dinner with 5 en listed men Wardles defense was that there were only the 6 of them aboard the motor minesweeper that day and it was impractical to hold sepa rate messes the omission ol more welcoming ceremonies VISHINSKY BEVIN Urge 1 Year Extension of Sugar Ration Washington oneyear ex tension of sugar rationing and price controls was recommended to the senate Saturday by its bank ing committee by a 10 to 3 vote Flanders declined to identify senators who voted against the bill but he said 2 changes were made in the measure after it was report ed 3 to Z by a subcommittee earlier in the day One change struck out a provi sion that would have ended all sugar controls October 31 unless the secretary of agriculture found by October 15 that world supplies required their retention The other provision made cer tain that any OPA employes shift ed to agriculture to continue the sugar controls could not be used for other purposes Rice would be the only food re maining under OPA controls under the proposed legislation and Sen ator Flanders said separate legis lation was being prepared to make this shift to agriculture At the same time the committee recommended that administration of sugar controls be shifted from ten OPA to the agriculture depart ment as soon as the extension be comes law Senator Flanders who told reporters about the decision after a lengthy closed door session said that the agriculture depart ment had assured t senators that every housewife would receive 35 pounds of sugar this year or 10 pounds more than allowed under rationing last year Flanders said that there also would be more sugar available for condensed milk to avoid dumping milk down the drain for lack of sugar to preserve it The senator said that industrial allocation of sugar to bakers candymakers bottlers and others would be less rigid than former ly although the socalled histor ical base would be retained HOLY LAND RIFT TOSSEDBACKTO GREAT BRITAIN U S Will Not Agree to UN Handling Until It Is in Concrete Form Lake Success N T next move toward placing the ex plosive Palestine problem in the lands of the United Nations ap jeared Saturday to be up to the British government The United States U N delega tion declared Friday night that it would not agree to any immediate U N procedure for handling the knotty Holy Land question until t is presented to the United Na tions in some concrete form Most U N sources said they be lieved Britain would waste no time in officially filing the case with Secretary General Trygve Lie They said Britain might pos sibly ask that the issue be sub mitted to the general assembly with a recommendation that a commission of inquiry be estab lished now to study the case The idea for a commission was put forward earlier this week by Lie but he could not get any spe cific answer on it from the ma jority of the Big 5 powers The 17 S delegation was un derstood to be opposed to such a commission hut before the idea is discussed delegates want Britain formally to place the issue before the United Nations Faris El Khoury chief spokes man here for the Arab states and a member of the security council informed Lie Friday that he was opposed to a commission of in quiry The Syrian delegate said he sup ported the view of the U S dele gation that the British should pre sent the case with a definite prop osition for the UnitedNations to act upon Khoury suggested three possible steps for Britain to take 1 Declare Palestine independent immediately and notify the United Nations of the move as the British did in regard to TransJordan 2 Continue the mandate over Palestine and present it to the trusteeship council 3 Resign the mandate which would automatically throw the country to the United Nations for supervision British sources said Britain had intended all along that the Pales tine case should be handed to the general assembly They added however that in taking this course Britain wanted a commis sion of inquiry to be set up im mediately so it could work until the assembly meets in September The commission then would re port its findings to the assembly for action There was no explanation why the British have been reluctant to hand the case to the United Na tions Jap Ship Missing Matsuyama Shikoku Japan JP newsagency said Satur day that a ship carrying 267 stu dents of a Yamaguchi girls high prefecture school of has been missing since leaving the port of Beppu Sunday on an excursion Woman Bound Over to Grand Jury for Tossing Twin Sons in Rock Pit Eeokuk Mrs Margarel Viola Meredith 32 was bound over to the grand jury Saturday on a charge of exposing and abandoning a child The charge was filed by Police Chief Louie Atkins after he said Mrs Meredith had admitted dis posing of the bodies of premature twin sons in an abandoned rock quarry Atkins quoted the woman whose husband was this week granted a divorce from her as saying she placed the bodies ol the twins in a paper box without examining them after iheir birth and later threw the box in the quarry Deputy Coroner E L Kingsbury said Friday an autopsy indicated the twins were about 2 months premature and that at least one of them was alive when born AP Wirepboto MAKES HER OWN Marie Stumek 13 Pittsfield Mass pauses mo mentarily from her reading at the Shriners hospital in Springfield Mass The little lady dared Saturday to say a doctor could cut her leg off if it would help her to be like other children Joan has had a crippled right leg since she was 5 years old LA GUARDIA FOR LABOR CONGRESS Believes Wagner Act in Need of Revision Washington UR H LaGuardia former mayor of New York proposed Saturday that con gress intervene directly to help Americas labor unions merge into a congress of labor organiza tions LaGuardia fiery sponsor of early new deal labor lows told the senate labor committee that he now believes the Wagner act must be revised to give unions re sponsibility in keeping with their newly acquired rights But he warned against hasty action Existing labor laws now under such severe criticism on the part of industry were not created over night he said They are the re sult of years and years of ex perience an unpleasant and sordid experience of exploitation oppres sion and helplessness a not parti cularly nice page in the history of a joint labor industrycongressional committee should be established to study the entire problem of labor relations and report back to congress by Oct 1 1947 The group would be made up of four senators four house members and four members each from labor and management The representa tives of the latter two groups would be appointed by the presi dent The joint committee he pro posed should study not only labor legislation but the merger of all unions into a parent body to be called the congress oj labor or ganizations This would be sub divided into four departments The first department would in clude practically all the unions of a merged CIO and AFL The other three would be transportation mining and professional and en tertainment Lawmaker Wants Greek Issue Presented to United Nations our country LaGuardia said Mason City Gets 1 Inch of Snow An inch of snow was reported in Mason City Saturday morning but most of it had disappeared al most as soon as it fell The tem perature was in the low 30s throughout the day The state highway commission reported highways were slightly slippery in northern and central Iowa but normal in the south The heaviest snowfall reported was 2 inches at Hampton Representative Brown Protests Secrecy as Truman Plans Statement Washington Clarence Brown Saturday called on President Truman to turn the critical Greek situation over to the United Nations immediately Brown protested in strong terms the administrations secrecy in making plans for possible direct intervention in the strifetorn Mediterranean countrys affairs Browns views were contained in statement issued shortly after the white house said Mr Truman probably will make an announce not a policy statement the Greek crisis Monday The president plans a conference on the problem that day with key congressional and government leaders At the state department the British ambassador and acting secretary of state Acheson con ferred for 20 minutes on the Greek matter In both congressional and dip lomatic quarters it was expected that Mr Truman will ask con gress for authority and money to shoulder the lions perhaps even Britains burden in Greece to bulwark southern Europe against the spread of communism He called 15 congressional lead ers of both parties to a white house conference Monday at which he presumably will say what course he has decided to take Mr Trumans task is a delicate one His vvords will be weighed in Moscow for what they portend in future SovietAmerican relations The decision will ably next a time when Secretary of State Marshall sits down in Moscow with the diplo matic chiefs of Britain France and Russia in an effort to work out the future Germany of Austria and For this reason it is expected that the president will phrase any public statement with caution emphasizing the need of helping the hungry Greeks and ending their civil strife rather than the threat of communist expansion The key legislators called to the Monday meeting include the lead ers of both the house and senate and the chairmen and ranking democratic members of the com mittees which control expendi tures and help guide foreign pol icy Little more than a week ago MiddleRoad Greeks Will Welcome United States as Savior By ROBERT VERMILLION United Press Staff Correspondent Salonika the United States takes over the British role in Greece she will be welcomed as a possible savior by the peace ful middleroad half of the 7 000000 Gieeks The peasants and noncommun ist workers who constitute a ma jority of the population will be the strongest supporters for the United States if she assumes the complicated political and financial task They long have been pro American Already vigorously denouncing American intervention are the ex treme left and a group of busi nesspolitical men arowine rich in the present confused situation The communists furiously condemn the 3rd occupation German British American The conserva tive businesspolitical group warns bitterly Beware of Americans bearing dollars On the Greek right are the rigid monarchists with about 35 per cent of the political strength The extreme left or communists have about 15 per cent Between these are the broad mass of people who just want peace but lack leader ship This forces them to vote left or right Armed opposition against the government is led by the com munists As a direct business investment American participation in Greece would yield almost no return As a long term political investment it might halt a further soviet march toward the Mediterranean American responsibility would be 1 Restoring the nations econ omy 2 Feeding the hungry 3 Eradicating the main causes of discontent and insecurity which nourish revolt 4 Encouraging the people to accept any political rule which offers hope 5 Trying to figure out a way to oust the increasingly unpopular Greek regime without letting in the extreme left The British failed to solve this problem British policy has been to keep the Russians out of Greece pre vent inflation by propping up drachmae with British pounds and coordinate establishment of Brit ish markets with the reconstruc tion of Greece There are about 40000 British troops in Greece Official policy is to withdraw them as soon as possible Unless American troops were sent to Greeece American mili tary assistance probably would consist of purchasing British equipment from British factories and using it to strengthen the Greek army This would benefit British industry and the Greek government fight against armed opposition SAYS SECURITY PACT TO CLEAR UP DIFFICULTIES Indicates Treaty Is Interim Solution of Problem on Germany Berlin State Marshall indicated Saturday the United States hopes lor a 4 power security pact as an interim solution of the German problem pending the writing an actual peace treaty Marshall preparing to depart Sunday for the foreign ministers conference in Moscow which will take up the Austrian and German situations said completion of a 4powcr pact was of the highest importance He left the impres sion that such a pact was the ma jor U S objective at Moscow Marshall told American corre spondents that such a security pact for a 40year period would clear away many difficulties now blocking allied peace settlements tor Germany and Austria He said United States propos als for that sort of treaty first made by his predecessor James F Byrnes last year were a dec laration to the world of continu ing U S willingness to accept re sponsibility in European affairs Marshall hinted that the se curity pact was the major objec tive of the United States delega tion to the Moscow foreign min isters conference to which he now is cnroutc Some U S officials expressed belief such a pact would be wel comed by France and might serve to allay her traditional fear or German aggression Marshall said French President Auriol and Premier Ramadier had given him at first hand their views on numerous questions puzzling Europe and confronting the foreign ministers at Moscow He said he also had studied the German situation here with the highest American military government officials and had ar ranged to talk with Gen Mark W Clark who served as his deputy in drafting Austrian peace conditions at London last month MINE ORDERED BACK TO OWNER Judge Rules Government Without Seizure Power Wheeling W Va U S coal mines administration was under orders Saturday to return a small West Virginia mine to its owner after a federal judge ruled the governments war emergency power to seize it had lapsed even before the formal end of hostilities The ruling may ultimately have a bearing on government operation of coal mines its work contract with John L Lewis and his United Mine Workers scheduled termination of government opera tion on June 30 the UMW welfare this offensive the administration I fund and other factors which now has authority to transfer sur might contribute to a new coal Mr Truman grimly laid down to a smaller bipartisan group the news of the British decision and Greeces plight stressing its potential impact on the balance of power in Europe and perhaps the whole world The extent of the aid to Greece which Mr Truman will recom mend remained uncertain al though the requirements have been estimated at for this year with perhaps another spread over a 5 year period Officials who helped draft the specifications said that approxi mately half of the American aid would be earmarked for strength ening the Greek armed forces This would serve several pur poses 1 Help build up the Greek army as Britain withdraws its troops under a plan to remove almost half of the remaining 10000 Tom mes immediately and the balance ay summers end 2 Make the Greek army an ef fective enough fighting force to crush the civil strife 3 By removing the civil fight ing pave the way for effective use of relief and reconstruction aid to put Greece back on her feet economically Athens dispatches Friday quoted a military source as saying that preparations are underway for an allout campaign to stamp out leftist guerrillas in Greece with the use of fighter and bomber planes as well as infantry Should the Greeks be counting on use of American material for plus armament Huge stockpiles of this equipment remain in Eu rope largely cached in Germany Congress however would have to pass legislation for the trans fer or loan of any equipment other than surplus Those Sun Spots Are Back Again By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sun spots and magnetic disturb ances interfered with radio com munications over a large part of the earths surface Saturday Press Wireless Inc in New York reported conditions erratic Associated Press radio circuits to London were stymied for a time A spot on the sun 75000 to 80 000 miles long was reported Fri day by Director Roy K Marshall of the planetarium at Franklin in stitute Philadelphia He said the spot was clearly visible without a telescope if the observer used a photographic film to shield the eye Dr Marshall said the spot was one of the largest in the past 2 or 3 years and would disturb radio transmission until Monday or Tuesday In San Francisco Press Wireless Inc reported Friday night it ex perienced a complete curtain on its communication from the orient for 8 minutes shutdown Judge William E Baker of El kins W Va issued an injunction ordering Secretary of Interior Krug the coal mines administra tor to return control of the mine to Ralph A Fox of Morgantown W Va Part of his wiling was a finding of fact that the coal mines admin istration did not physically seize the mine until it dismissed Fox as its manager January 6 The government contended it seized the mine Aug 51046 at the direction of the president under the war labor disputes Smith Connally act Seizure came after coal operators were unable to reach an agreement with Lewis and his mine workers on a new work con tract The coal mines administration dismissed Fox as manager for his refusal to pay a 5cent a ton roy alty to the UMW welfare fund a part of the work contract agree ment negotiated by the govern ment with the union It has been estimated that there will be 40 million passenger auto mobiles 1965 in the United States by lowan Killed Avoca Schaffert 44 employe at the Avoca substation of the Iowa Light and Power com pany was killed Friday while working on a transformer at the substation Art Greenleaf Schaf ferts helper said he found the body near the 33000 volt trans former SAME White no irtfflo dutll put 24 hoof   

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