Thursday, March 6, 1947

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 6, 1947, Mason City, Iowa HI AND ASCH I VE5 8E3 I HE 8 1A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION U1HU VOL LIU Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copyl MASON CITYV IOWA MARCH 6 This Paper Consists of Two One ffo 125 LEWIS UMW CONVICTIONS UPHELD U S Attacks USSR Actions in Hungary CLAIMS RUSSIA INTERFERENCE CREATED CRISIS Sharp Government Note Says Charges Against Kovacs Are Unwarranted Washington ff The United States Thursday charged Soviet Russia with causing a political crisis by an unjustified interfer ence in Hungarian internal af fairs A sharp note delivered to the Russian British and Hungarian governments and to the soviet military commander in Budapest said that the soviet high command by direct intervention has brought political difficulties in Hungary to a crisis An official summary of the note handed Moscow as Secretary of State Marshall traveled toward the soviet capital said this govern ment deems unwarranted charges filed against Parliamen tary Deputy Bela Kovacs who was arrested last week by Rus sian soldiers Kovacs until recently was sec retary general of the smallholders party the moderate majority group in the Hungarian parlia ment which the communists and other parties have tried to oust The state departments note added The pattern of recent political developments in Hungary appears to threaten the right of the people to live under a government of their own free choosing for it in volves foreign interference in the domestic affairs of Hungary in support of repeated aggressive at tempts by Hungarian minority elements to coerce the popularly elected majority The United States government is opposed to this attempt to nul lify the electoral mandate given by the Hungarian people 4 MISSING IN direct water on the ruins of Producers Cream ery and Cold Storage company building at Greenville Ohio Thursday after a chemical explosion wrecked the structure Four persons were missing and presumed killed by the blast Ammonia fumes and intense heat prevented the firemen from probing the ruins of the building for the bodies of the 4men all of Ohio Objections by Russia Upset Hopes for UN Atomic Control Diplomatic authorieies said the note was sent to Moscow by Sec retary of State Marshall shortly before his departure Wednesday for the Big Four foregin ministers conference opening there Monday Copies went to Great Britain and the 3power allied control council at Budapest The protest reflected American concern over bolstering Hungary like Greece against soviet domin ation For weeks the Hungarian com munist and other parties have sought to oust the moderate small holders party majority in parlia ment The most recent incident was the arrest of Bela Kovacs anticom munist member of parliament by Russian soldiers Kovacs arrest was reported by the official Hungarian news agen cy to have been ordered by Lt Gen V P Sviridov Russian occu pation commander and chairman of the control council on charges that he aided in the formation of underground terror groups and had organized espionage against the Russian army American concern over Russian supported efforts to upset the re gime was evidenced last month by the extension of a 2nd 815000000 credit to Budapest to buy surplus American war material The state department held out hopes then of further aid for Hun gary and made clear that this government proposed to help un derwrite Hungarys postwar po litical and economic stability as agreed upon at the wartime Big Three Yalta conference 1947 Traffic Death Toll in Iowa Hits 85 Des Moines Iowas traffic death toll moved up to 85 Thurs day when 2 lowans died from ac cident injuries L L Waggoner 66 a theater doorman who was struck by an automobile Wednesday night died Thursday at Davenport Leslie Lee 61 who was injured in a traffic accident Tuesday died in a Des Moines hospital Wednes day night SAME flag means triffje deatb In pjiat 14 hour period SEE PEACE NOPE IN CASE STRIKE Report Concessions Made by Both Sides Milwaukee 427da strike of the CIO United Aut Workers against the J I Cas Farm Equipment plants at Eacine Wis may be settled as result o a union meeting to be held Sat urday in Detroit it was learnei Thursday Highranking officials of th UAW International union com Pleted secret negotiations witl company officers in a Milwauke hotel room Wednesday a union source disclosed They had been in session since Monday Both the union and companj made new offers and conces sions during the 3 days of bar gaining he said It was the firs time the 2 sides had met in mori than 2 months The International UAWs exec utive board will meet Saturda with the executive board of loca 180 the striking unit to discuss the conclusions reached here The meeting will be held in the UAWs Detroit headquarters and mayex tend through Sunday The international board include UAW President Waller P Keuther and Vice Presidents R J Thoma and George F Addes The 9mem ber local board which will attenc the Detroit meeting includes Har vey Kitzman president of loca 180 Vice President Victor Cook and Recording Secretary T M Chrisennsen If the union officials decide the company offer is acceptable the proposal will be submitted to the membership of the local prob ably some time next week The renewed negotiations were arranged by the government and required many days of prepara tion Assistant Secretary of Labor John Gibson personally ap proached both parties and asked them to resume bargaining He also sat in the discussions Gibson first attempted to bring the 2 sidestogether a month ago but the plan fell through About 10 days ago he tried again and succeeded Reuther conferred with Kitz man and Cook in Detroit some time ago and met with them again last week in Racine He and Gibson also held personal con ferences last week in Detroit In a switch of strategy the union decided to have interna tional officers negotiate with the company As result none of the local officers attended Patrolman Resigns Des Moines state pub lic safety department has an nounced the resignation of John P Flynn Carroll from the state highway patrol The department said Flynn a member of the pa l since 1937 except for time he served in the army would go to Japan as a criminal investigator for the war department Gromyko Says Country Will Not Allow Prying IntoInternal Affairs t Lake Success N Y soviet objections jolted American hopes Thursday for immediate in ternational control of atomic en ergy Andrei Gromyko of Russia re jecting key American proposals bluntly informed the United Na tions security council that 1 Russia will NOT permit UN agents to roam unrestricted through the soviet in search of illegal atomic activities 2 Russia will NOT let an in ternational agency manage its atomic activities 3 Russia will NOT give up its power to veto the punishment of a country caught making atomic Dombs illegally 4 Russia will find it difficul f not impossible to agree to an dnd of control machinery unless the United States first junks its existing atomic bombs Each soviet statement struck ai a vital point in the American pro posal for international control of he atom If Russia stuck to its at itude international control would die before it is born Some Americans however OPA IS FACING DEATH SENTENCE Senators Vote to End War Agency by June 30 the gov ernments most widely known wartime agency faced a definite June 30 death sentence Thursday Critics of the once powerful office of price administration which in its heyday fixed values on everything from apples to zebra skins said the agency must die with the end of the treasurys fiscal year This senate a far softer blow than the house had dealt previously prompted OPAs few remaining congression lowas Vote thought specific in structions from his Ut up the strong objections as jargaining points to be used in the orthcoming foreign ministers con ference in Moscow Gromyko charged that permit Ing UN agents to roajn the work vithout restrictions would lead to nterference in domestic affairs and internal economies The whole American scheme he charged was intended to pro mote American interests and was irected against the economic in dependence of other states Gromyko protested that the Jnited States sought to dictate o other countries through the in ernational management agency vhich he said would be like an nternational syndicate or trust ie said nonsoviet countries vould have a majority of the votes n the organization and would make onesided decisions against he soviet economy The soviet union can not al ow such a situation Gromyko aid He scoffed at a suggestion that JN aircraft make aerial pictures f every part of the world to help pot mining operations that might e aimed at uranium deposits The JN atomic energy commission reposed the aerial pictures and ther detailed steps for detecting landestine atomic activities This is almost like a detective ory said Gromyko He said that no one with a ense of reality could propose eriously that every country place s atomic research and produc on facilities under an interna onal agency Gromyko said that t is impossible to imagine such situation The United States has insisted hat such an arrangement must e agreed upon before America ill destroy its atomic bombs The once famous ades were made icltcd in India Damascus from steel Washington re publican senators Wilson and Hickenlooper voted with the majority Wednesday when the senates test on a proposal to set June 30 as a deadline for wind ing up OPA came on rejection of an amendment to strike a provision of that nature from an appropriation bill al supporters to protest that actu ally rent sugar and rice controls will have to end before then for lack of funds The precise answer will be de cided by a senatehouse confer ence committee expected to be appointed to iron out this and other differences over a 000 deficiency appropriation bill The senate wrote its verdict late Wednesday after brushing aside a plea from Maj Gen Philip B Fleming OPAs top boss as head of the postwar office of tempor ary controls Fleming said in a statement to the lawmakers that he will need just to close up shop for OPA and that the remaining will allow actual opera tions only through April 30 Previously the house not only had denied Fleming any addi tional money but ordered him to return previously voted OPA What the senate did was pro vide a total of but with a stipulation that no more would be forthcoming for liquidation purposes after June 30 TRUMAN URGES LOWER WORLD TRADE BARRIER President States Slash in Tariffs Will Not Hurt American Industry Waco Tex UR President Truman speaking to the nation from the heart of Texas warned Thursday that failure to continue the present United States policy of reducing world trade barriers would invite international eco nomic warfare The president said there must be freer trade if the world is to live at peace and declared that tariffcutting would not hurt American industry Mr Trumans immediate audi ence was the faculty and student body of Baylor university oldest Revise Citation Waco Tex citation conferring an honorary degree on President Truman was re vised Thursday to eliminate an assertion that the presidents mother refused to sleep in the Lincoln bed at the white house Started From Bottom Peter the Great who made Rus sio one of the great nations of Eu rope once went to England and worked as a laborer in the ship yards in order to teach his people how to build ships college in traditionallydemocratic Texas which presented him with an honorary doctorate of laws But it was obvious that the presidents remarks were aimed at segments of the republican 3arty opposing government plans o negotiate further tariff reduc tions with other nations this year Striving to protect his recipro cal trade program from GOP at acks Mr Truman said reduction of trade barriers is a settled policy of this government and one of he cornerstones of our plans for peace Mr Trumans speech was broad astover all networks The pres dent stopped off in Waco enroute lome from a 3day state visit to Mexico There he had reaffirmed he good neighbor policy and landing amid ruins of the warlike civilization of ancient Mex co said unless we have world eace we will be like these de erted ruins here The president warned those who would seek to undermine this olicy tariff reduction for par isan advantage and go back to he period of high tariffs and eco omic isolation He said Take care Times have changed ur position in the world has hanged The temper of our people as changed The slogans of 1930 of 1896 are sadly out of date solationism after 2 World wars a confession of mental and mor I bankruptcy His challenge was directed at ome republican congressmen who ave sharply attacked lowertar t negotiations projected with 18 ountries for this spring and have it at the reciprocal trade agree iBnts program in general The reciprocal trade act expires next year There has been a move ment to amend it even before then But Sens Arthur H Vandenberg SPLIT GERMANY IF ENVOYS dispafches assert an AngloAmerican plan is being formulated to split Germany into eastern and western states if the foreign minister meeting at Moscow fails to agree on unification of the former Reich This would mean Germany to all practical purposes would be divided into 2 separate states western ares Under AngloAmerican government and the eastern under Soviet having its own governing body constitution capital and diplomatic rela tions with the outside world The new division depicted on the map above would put American zone commander Lt Gen Lucius D Clay and British zone head Lt Gen Sir Brian Robertson in charge of the western division with Marshal Vassily Sokolovsky Russian zone commander directing the eastern area Congress Leaders Advocate Moratorium on AntiRed Talk Propose Truce During Secretary Marshalls Negotiations in Moscow Washington UP Republican and democratic leaders Thursday advocated a moratorium on anti Russian talk in the house during Secretary of State George C Marshalls peace negotiations in Moscow Republican Floor Leader Charles A Halleck and Democratic Leader Sam Rayburn said Marshall was confronted with a difficult and task in Moscow and hope that nothing would occur in the house that might make it more difficult The proposed truce which was put forward informally would not affect the current house delicate voiced MichoTand Eugene MmS aCUVitieS R Colo worked out with the ad ministration an arrangement which they believe will prevent any tariffincrease legislation this year RUSSIA PLANS LOAN TO POLES Moscow Soviet Union will loan Poland in gold and deliver armament and other military equipment on credit day it was announced Thurs The agreement provides for a 50 per cent reduction in Polish coal shipments to Russia the re turn to Poland of railroad rolling stock seized by the Russians as booty and the return by May 15 of parts of the German merchant fleet credited to Poland Iturbi PI aysBut No Tomatoes Miami Fla Iturbi the pianist gave his recital here Weanesday without a tomato accompaniment A barrage of and been promised he noted concert player by Mrs Harmon Spencer Auguste New Tor1 socialite who expressed annoyance at Iturbis failure to attend a din ner in his honor Tuesday night at Miami Beach Illness Iturbi said kept him from the dinner at which Mrs Auguste ivas to have been one of the hostesses Mrs Augusle wife of a New York banker told the pianists sister Amparo Iturbi that if they sought to stage the concert she would bust it up The concert however went off peacefully Mrs Auguste who said she had a ticket to a seat in the 3rd row anoed and dined instead at a night club several miles away in the Other congressional develop ments Adolph J Sabath DIH demanded that the house agriculture committee investigate why the cost of living has in creased more than 50 per cent in the past 8 months Sabath 80 year old dean of the house said prices now are even higher than the black market level which pre vailed during price control M Herzog chair man of the national labor relations board cautiously suggested that congress outlaw some labor prac tices as unfair but he opposed a ban on the closed1 shop and in dustrywide bargaining Herzog told the senate labor committee to beware of most proposals for overhauling the Wagner act which the NLRB administers In testimony before the house labor committee however the U S Chamber of Commerce asked con gress for sweeping changes in the Wagner act Claude Pepper D accused senate republicans of striking a double blow at vet erans and their families under the guise of economy and freedom from government He referred to the senates decision to put OPA out of business by June 30 with orders to make its funds last The same measure also rescinded 400000 in civilian production ad ministration funds appeared that Ohios 2 republican senators both high in GOP councils may be on op posite sides in the senate vole on David E Lilienthals nomination to head the atomic energy com mission Sen John W Bricker said that although he had not made up his mind he considered the charges of communism cast at Li lienthal without foundation Brickers colleague Sen Robert A Taft opposes Lilienthal on grounds that he is too soft to ward communism and Russia Harold Knut son said his house ways and means committee would begin tax re duction hearings in a few days if the joint conference committee on the budget becomes deadlocked The conferees are expected to start Friday their efforts to settle sen atehouse differences on the bud get ceiling MARSHALL AT PARIS AIRFIELD Arrives for Brief Stay Before Going to Moscow Paris of State Marshall enroute by plane to the foreign ministers conference in Moscow arrived in Paris Thurs day for a brief round of engage ments before proceeding to Ber lin He flew from Washington by way of Bermuda and the Azores United States Ambassador Jef ferson Caffery greeted the secre tary and took him to luncheon at the ambassadors residence Secretary Marshall was to be the dinner guest of President Vin cent Auriol Thursday night and planned to confer with Premier Paul Ramadier before he contin ues to Berlin Friday for another stopover and a conference with Jnited States occupation authori ties on Germany Jacques Kosciusko chief of the jresidential office staff and Gen Paul Grossin Auriol a military aide represented the French gov ernment at Orly airport when Marshall landed Ramadicr halted a news con ference to announce Marshalls arrival He said the secretary would place a wreath at the tomb of Frances unknown soldier Fri daV HIGH TRIBUNAL CDTSDOWNFINE AGAINST UNION Supreme Court Lets 10000 Contempt Fine Stand Against Lewis Washington The supreme court upheld 7 to 2 Thursday the contempt convictions of John L Lewis and his United Mine Workers for refusing to call off their soft coal strike last Novem ber In an extraordinary midweek ruling that caught the nation by surprise the high court in effect gave the Truman administration a smashing victory in its titantio struggle with Lewis and his miners There was no immediate reac tion from Lewis The high tribunal ordered the fine against the union cut to but threatened to raise it back to the higher figure unless the miners show complete compliance with the lower courts nostrike order within 5 days The fine against Lewis himself was affirmed without change The courts order means that Lewis must withdraw the con tract termination notice sent Sec retary ofthe Interior J A Krug last November It was the govern ments contention that the con tract runs throughout the period of government operation This pe riod must end by law on June 30 When he sent the miners back to work pending a supreme court ruling Lewis set April 1 as the end of the work period The penalties grew1 out of Lewis refusal to obey a court or der intended to head off the 17 day coal strike last November The supreme courts longwait ed decision was announced as the court met for a regular argument session Ordinarily the highest tribunal announces decisions only on Mon days Thursdays action caught all parties by surprise Chief Justice Vinson delivered the opinion of the majority Justices Murphy and Rutledge wrote dissenting opinions Justice Frankfurter wrote a con curring opinion Justices Black and Douglas each wrote an opinion in which they concurred in part and dissented in part The court majority ruled that neither the NorrisLaGuardia act nor the war labor disputes act barred the government from ob taining the injunction which re sulted in the contempt proceed ings It was this injunction that Lewis and the miners union were ac cused of flouting After the case had been ap pealed directly to the supreme court Lewis suddenly ordered his niners back to work on Dec 7 ffe said he wanted the supreme court freed of any public hysteria n weighing the issues Chief Justice Vinson in his opin on said that the trial court prop erly found the defendants in the jewis case guilty of both criminal and civil contempt The majority specified that in cutting the unions fine to t was doing so on this condition The union must pay an addition al fine of unless it shows within 5 days after the supreme court issues its mandate that it has fully complied with the lower courts order Name Illinois Fair Director Springfield III reen Wednesday night announced he appointment of Conrad F Jecker former republican state reasurer to the newly created post of business administrator of he Illinois state fair The 1947 tate fair will be held at Spring ield August 817 Weatker Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Thursday night and Friday a little colder Thursday night with low tem perature about 10 to 15 owa Fair Thursday night and Friday a little colder Thursday nightt Low Thursday night 10 northwest to 20 southeast High Friday 2834 rlinnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Thursday morning Maximum 32 Minimum 18 At 8 a m Thursday 20 AGO Maximum Minimum 42 32