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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 24, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Cop MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 24 1947 This Pa islsts of NO lie One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Uaioo CUT Sunday p m WTAD Qulncy m Men p m WOI Ames Tuesday a m IVSU1 loir Ciir Thnndar e a Living Standards of Iowas Farms IN a survey conducted by the U S department of agriculture it was revealed that Iowas farm dwellers enjoyed the highest liv ing standard of any state in the union On the basis of the formula adopted in the study Iowas farm homes were given a rating of 131 Illinois followed next with 121 Alabama and Louisiana trailed Iowas lowest county ranked higher than the highest county in 9 of the backward states Among the items taken into ac count in the survey were run ning water bathrooms mechani cal refrigeration electricity ra dios automobiles the number of rooms per family member the education of each and gross in come THIS isnt of course a surpris ing revelation Our state pos j sesses the greatest percentage of J rich soil of any state in the union or any like area in the world for that matter Our people are of the best racial stock Everything considered we ought to have the highest living stand ards of any farm people in the world If we didnt have that would be something to be ex plained But theres an extremely inter HOG PRICES HIT ALLTIME HIGH 1 esting story in whathas happened in the standard of living between the time a century or more ago when our first settlers arrived and the present Theres been an amazing evolution AND that story is graphically told by Elizabeth E Hoyt a specialist on consumer economics at Iowa State college in Chapt 24 of that new book to which I have made reference in previous broadcasts A Century of Farm ing in Iowa The reader is led into the story by these opening sentences The covered wagons which moved slowly from the east 1846 had to camp on the Illinois side of the Mississippi until the ferry could take them over The crossing of the Mississippi was not merely crossing of a river More than any other single step in the long trek of western mi gration it stood for the faith of Americans in their future Their experience told them only one thing about that future It was to be full of labor and hardship There was no sure evi dence of prosperity to come from the rolling plains beyond the river The crossing of the Mississippi was a transition point not only in the lives of the individual men and women but in the history of the United States pHEIR first decision had to do Jwith the location of their new homes Mostly they chose in favor of wooded tracts along streams They wanted wood for their homes and for fuel and they wanted water for their stock Little however did they realize that the flat and treeless tracts passed up by them were to be come the states most productive soil In this case those who had second and third choice got the best of the deal as their privations were along other lines it isnt of record that anybody in the fron tier days of Iowa ever went hun gry Our state as Doctor Hoyt points out has always been a country of the well fed It was only in the matter of variety that the early day menus left much to be desired Wild game supplemented the beef and pork produced at home There was venison in some sec tions with deer priced at each in Scott county as late as 1870 Prairie chickens abounded to the extent of being a nuisance Aside from the meat corn was the commonest item on the early day table Corn was even used for cakes with molasses sorghum and honey as the sweetening agent Sugar of course was a scarce and costly article Potatoes cabbages and root crops were the vegetable stand bys because they could be stored in the cyclone cellars which were a feature of all pioneer homes crabs haws wild plums and wild grapes were converted into jams and butters Then there were hazelnuts hickory nuts and black walnuts THE going price for all breakfast dinner or supper 50 cents at the few eating places catering to the public in the 40s and 50s And incidental ly there was little difference in the menu at the 3 meals Meat pie and cake frequently appeared on the breakfast bill of fare From a food price list used at Mascafine in 1854 Doctor Hoyf extracted the following Flour a barrel corn 20 cents a bushel 11 Flyers in Arctic Crash Are Rescued BULLETIN Ladd Field Fairbanks Alaska army air forces flyers whose plane crashed on the west coast of Greenland were rescued Monday and flown to Thule Greenland the army reported here Ladd Field Fairbanks Alaska army planes one of them towing a glider raced across the roof of the world Monday to rescue 11 flyers stranded on a bleak plateau in northern Green land 600 miles from the North Pole Destination of the rescue expe dition was Thule a settlement 200 miles south of the spot where the B29 Superfortress made a crash landing Friday while on a photo graphic mission The rescuers flying 2 C54 Sky masters one of them towing a glider and a C47 transport equipped with skis was expected at Thule sometime Monday morn ing after an allnight flight across the wastelands of northern Can ada Brig Gen Joseph H Atkinson commanding officer of the Alas kan air command said the glider would play a major role in rescu ing the downed airmen The craft can land in a small area load the men aboard and be snatched into the air by its towplane using a technique developed during the war The downed airmen were spotted beside the wreckage of the Kee Bird Saturday by a search plane which reported they were appar ently uninjured but were having trouble keeping warm on the bleak windswept plateau Food sufficient for 2 weeks special Arctic survival gear warm clothing and blankets were dropped at the scene The men using a salvaged radio askedfor coal to heat their food and fight off the bitter cold SENATE GROUP APPROVES BAN ON PORTAL PAY Judiciary Committee Favors Measure to Bar All Suits Forever Washington UR The senate judiciary committee Monday ap proved a bill suits forever to bar portal pay AP Wirephoto WHERE 11 AWAIT Map locates area 1 where 11 army flyers are marooned fol lowing crash of a B29 Friday A rescue operational base is being established at Thule A rescue craft from Westover Field Mass has reached Sondre Strum fjord Committee Chairman Alexander Wiley said the bill might reach the senate for debate on Friday a day after the house is scheduled to pass a similar measure The measure not only would throw out pending claims of near ly but would for bid similar suits in the future Other congressional develop ments officials of the longstruck AllisChalmers com pany told congress there is a com munist 5th column in the labor movement that wants to under mine the government Robert A Taft R Ohio said armed forces ex penditures recommended in Presi dent Trumans 1948 budget should not be cut more than 10 per cent A pending legislative budget reso lution reportedly would cut them nearly 20 per cent spokesman for At torney General Tom C Clark said the justice department has re ceived no complaints against ChairmanTDesignate David E Lilienthal of the atomic energy commission and therefore has not made any investigation of the nominee Foes of the former TVA chairman have accused him of being soft toward communism house foreign af fairs committee Monday asked former President Herbert Hoover to testify on President Trumans request for for for eign relief Mr Hoover has jus completed an investigation for th president of European food needs Rent Chairman Charles W Tobey of the senate banking com mittee said rent control must con tinue but he doesnt care wheth er OPA lives to administer it He expects a banking subcommittee to finish a bill next week to ex tend rent controls beyond the present June 30 expiration Sen Richard B Russell D Ga called for abolition of OPA and transfer of its rice rent and sugar controls to other agencies Refugees President Truman asked congress to permit this country to join the international refugee organization Pointing out that there are still 1000000 dis placed persons in Germany Aus tria and Italy he said the organ Von Papen Is Sentenced to 8 Years at Hard Labor by Court Nuernberg von Papen ace of Adolf Hitlers diplomat corps was sentenced by a German denazification court Monday t serve 8 years at hard labor Sentence was imposed by the 7man court after jt had found th former reichschancellor and ambassador guilty as a major offender who helped Hitler to power and stayed with the nazi regime to the end The court also ordered von Papens personal fortune confiscatec Von Papen was acquitted of war crimes charges only last October by the international military tri bunal which sentenced Hermann Goering and 10 other nazi leaders to death following a historymak ing trial here The onetime nazi diplomat now is 68 and has hardening of the arteries The courts sentence was regarded as tantamount to a life term Von Papens confiscated prop erty includes centuriesold estates in both the French and British zones of Germany Von Fapen was barred from entering both zones after his acquittal at the war crimes trial and was forced to remain in the U S zone At the denazification trial he protested that he had been moti vated by a desire not to help Hit ler but to help Germany He in sisted that after the fuehrer came LO power he like all others was helpless to intervene Von Papen said that he had opposed the union of Austria with Germany when he was ambassax dor to Austria and had worked FRANZ VON PAPEN ization must July 1 be functioning by LUCIANO TO BE SENT TO ITALY Former Vice Overlord Is Being Held in Cuba Havana Cuba Minister Alfredo Pequeno said Monday Charles Lucky Luciano detained at the Tiscornia immi gration station since his arrest Satuijlay would be sent back to Italy Luciano former New York vice overlord is held incommunicado at the Tiscornia station Cubas Ellis island across Havana bay from Havana Government offices were shut down Monday for Cubas national feast day Pequeno told a re porter of the decision to deport Luciano to Italy whence he came to this country last October Only 1 Vote Cast in Mason City Poll Only one vote had been cast at the 4 downtown voting places in the city primaries by oclock Monday afternoon and city of ficials saw little possibility of any nominations resulting from the balloting during the day No names appear on the voting machines and it would take a minimum of 347 writeins to nom inate a candidate on the demo cratic ticket and 374 on the re publican according to Iowa law It provides that in order to nominate a candidate whose name is not printed on a ballot he must receive 10 per cent of the number of votes cast for governor on the ticket by the party with which he affiliated at the last election The 8 polling places completely staffed with judges and clerks will remain open until 8 p m Elect lowan Cleveland Lord of the Leopold Co Burlington Iowa has been elected treasurer of the Wood Office Furniture Institute at the organizations annual meet ing here or peace as ambassador to Tur key The court however ruled that lis possession of a gold nazi party adge however honorary and ack of evidence of any break with litler were enough to justify his conviction The judges said that von Papen would be given credit for time he served as a prisoner of the inter national military war crimes ribunal This will take 1 year and 5 months off his 8 years in he labor camp At the same time the court an nounced that he would be as essed 413000 marks as costs of his trial and would be allowed to keep no more than 5000 marks It was not made clear how Bavarian authorities expected ti arrange for seizure of property outside the U S occupation zone Von Papen was ordered helt under arrest to start his term im mediately regardless of any in tention to appeal the verdict to the German superior court anc possibly to the military govern ment This was the same procedure a Nuernberg denazification cou took in the case of Hans Fritzsche radio propagandist acquitted with von Papen and Hjalmar Schacht by the international tribunal Fritzsche got 9 years from the de nazification court Now in Lang wasser labor camp he told a re porterinjocular veinSuriday thai he was preparing a Papen bed for von Iowa House Rejects Move to Delay Dry Beer Bill Action Also Refuses Motion to Put Measure Back in Committee Hands Des Moines house re jected Monday a spirited move to put off consideration of the dry beer bill from Wednesday to March 11 It also rejected a motion to re commit the measure to the liquor control committee The vote for delaying consideration was 55 to 44 but it would have required 2thirds vote to be approved The motion for recommitment lost 62 to 40 The matter put the house into a dog fight almost immediately aft er it reconvened following the weekend recess After reconvening the house almost immediately heard 3 members change their vote Erom last week on setting the bill or action this Wednesday One of the 3 a little later changed back again Thereafter came one motion to recommit the bill to committee and another motion to set the bill as a special order for March 11 he day after the house returns rom its spring recess Highpoints of the bill 1 Gives city and town councils he right to refuse the issuance of any license for sale of beer 2 Abolishes the sale of beer outside cities and towns except by country clubs maintaining golf courses for their members 3 Divorces sale of beer and ood Oldest Code A code of law promulgated by Cing Hammurabi of Babylon is he oldest such code known Iowa Junior Chamber Convention Set for Des Moines May 13 Council Bluffs 1947 convention of the Iowa Junior Chamber of Commerce will be held May 13 at Des Moines This was announced here Mon day by the Junior Chamber state board The board also announced plans for a statewide traffic safety eon test with 2 prizes offered One would go to the city or town with the most deathless mandays for 1947 and the other to the com munity with the bestallaround CONTINUED ON PAGE fc local safety contest 8 VOTES NEEDED FOR LILIENTHAL Check Reveals 40 in Favor of Nomination Washington senate poll showed Monday that David E Lilienthal needs to win over only eight of 23 undecided senators in order to eke out confirmation as chairman of the atomic energy commission An Associated Press check over the weekend of all but four of the chambers 95 members listed 40 in favor of President Trumans embattled nominee and 28 op posed If a full membership were on hand when the issue comes to a vote 48 ayes would be necessary for confirmation With the senate atomic com mittee ready to open its fifth and final week of hearings two mem bers declared that Lilienthal and his five conominees will have no trouble winning a favorable report from the committee The AP poll showed that 68 senators have made up their minds although only 38 were will ing to state their stand publicly in favor and 16 opposed Of 30 who agreed to confide their position without being named 12 are opposed and 18 favorable On party lines 22 republicans are against Lilienthal and 13 for lim while democrats split 27 for and6 against Those who said they are unde1 cided include 12 republicans and 11 democrats The 4 who could not be reached are all democrats DIEHARD NAZIS HELD BY ALLIES AFTER ROUNDUP Swift Strike Thwarts Underground Plot to Restore German Might Berlin fl Hundreds of die hard nazis were reported in alliec custody Monday after a swif roundup of reputed Germanywide underground movement which claimed to have a secret bacteri ological weapon and was aimec at restoring Germanys armec might United Slates and British sol diers and intelligence men strik ing throughout their occupation zones despite a snowstorm ant icy roads Sunday seized once high officers of the old SS Elite SA storm Hitler youth German intelligence am other similar agencies in the big gest such movement since the war first to cover two zones A British senior intelligence of ficer at Herford said the move ment claimed possession of a secret bacteriological weapon ready for use Other officers declared they hat not learned for sure whether the roup had such a weapon Col 3ans Einsmann onetime officer of the German bacteriologica warfare division was captured in he British zone U S authorities reported the arrest of some 30 suspects and British authorities the arrest ol hundreds in their respective zones Soldiers sealed off streets and intelligence agents went into louses they long had been watch ng The British said the movemen stretched into the Russian and Trench zohes and authorities here werebeing kept posted They reported the underground vanted to restore German militar sm and nazi dictatorship to lead he nations of Europe against Hussia The U S army said immediate aims were to hamper denazifica ion and reparation measures and try to get back lost German terri ories Lt Gen Lucius D Clay Ameri an military governordesignate aid U S officials did not con ider the group particularly dan erous but thought it was time o move in and clean them up A British spokesman said De pite their silliness which under stimated allied intelligence and heir pretentiousness because they id not have the necessary mili ary strength there was a point eyond which they could not be llowed to proceed U S military headquarters re orted a tremendous potential for ubversive activity existing in a eople who were completely in octrinated in nationalistic propa anda but said it could be con trolled as long as we are able to maintain our army in Germany Suspects seized included U S Gen Kurt El erick Maj Martin Zinzt Captains rnst Berndt Siegfried Bettke and Aerner Roepke and Lieutenants ians Pavel and Hans Becker of 16 SS Army Maj Felix Buck iitler Youth Col Walter Shim lerlpfeng and SA Maj Gridoiin ecker British Col leinz Kling of the SS a tank egiment commander at the wars nd and Dr Rolf Wiekenning an fficer who headed a fifthcolumn itelligence Koelner the low countries and ater worked in the German prop ganda ministry in Brussels and dited a newspaper there It Never Fails Los Angeles Tragically ugene Kerr 19 proved it again He was dead Monday victim of Anting a match to see if his cars as lank was dry Seek Gunmen for Harlan Cafe Robbery Harlan Orrel Gear hart Monday was seeking a clu to the identity of 3 men 2 of them carrying sawed off shotguns an the 3rd masked with a scarf ove his face who early Sunday mom ing held up a cafe here and es caped with about in travel ers checks and casA Sheriff Gearhart said he believci the job was done by profession als because it went off s smoothly The telephone wire leading to the cafe known as Bcr nics Chicken Hut had been cu and cars outside had been dam aged or the keys removed from the ignition to foil pursuit th sheriff said Befnie Boucher proprietor o the Chicken Hut said the men en tered the cafe at about 4 a m anc each man seemed to know exact ly what he was to do Bouche said he was certain he woulc know the men if he ever saw them again Boucher said the men took in travelers checks from him and an estimated in cash from the patrons They also took from the cash register and from the safe he said Sheriff Gearhart reported one o the men was about 6 feet 4 inches tall weighed about 215 pounds and was 40 to 45 years old He wore a brown hat and brown overcoat carried a pistol and a sawed off shotgun and appearec rather nervous the sheriff said The 2nd man was about 6 fee all weighed about 180 pounds and had a swarthy complexion He was about 30 years old He apparently was unarmed The 3rd man about 5 feet nches tall weighed about 150 rounds and was about 40 Gear lart said The man was wearing a brown hat and overcoat and hac pulled a checkered scarf over his ace and appeared to be cool anc collective He was carrying a sawed off shotgun the sheriff said Among the loot Sheriff Gear lart said were several checks vhich required only an endorse ment by anybody to be cashable ie said he hoped some of these checks might prove to lead to the Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and noi quite so cold Monday night and Tuesday with occasional snow flurries Lowest Monday night about 10 to 15 above Iowa Mostly cloudy with occa sional snow flurries Monday night and Tuesday Not so cold east and central Monday night and in most of state Tuesday Diminishing winds Tuesday Lows Monday night 15 west to 20 east High Tuesday 25 ilinnesota Mostly cloudy with oc casional snow flurries and little change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday Slowly di minishing winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at clock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday Precipitation Snow EAR AGO Maximum Minimum 14 10 13 trace trace 43 20 GlobeGazette weather statistics r 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday Precipitation iTEAH AGO Maximum Mininmum 17 1 2 Trace 28 25 Physicist Says 3 Other Ge rman Atom Scientists Are Working for Russia Goettingen Germany Nobelprize physicist who headed Germanys wartime atomic re search says 3 other German atom ic scientists now are doing re search somewhere in Russia Doctor Werner Heisenberg 1932 winner of the Nobel physics prize and director during the war of the Kaiser VVilhelm Physics Institute added in an interview Sunday that the Soviet Union had made a standing offer to hire any German atomic expert at 6000 rubles a month The official rate of exchange is 53 rubles to the dollar the diplomatic rate is 12 to the dollar Heisenberg also said that 1 Germany was even with the United States in atomic research in June 1942 and on the way to beating the U S to discovery of the atomic was sty mied by Hitlers strategy and the countrys industrial inferiority to the U S 2 U S scientific intelligence men spirited away Germanys ur anium pile such as the U S used in producing the bomb from un der the nose of the occupying French army early in 1945 and the French were reported very irked when they found out Heisenberg said that he himself had turned down invitations to work in the United States and in Russia in favor of a job with the British here He reported he and 6 wartime associates were carry ing on research In the cosmic Cosmic rays bombard the earth from aE directions Some scien tists believe them to be the prod uct of changes in atoms taking place in outer The German scientist said the 3 researchers at work in Russia were Dr Ludwig Bevilogua his wartime assistant Dr Robert Doe pel Leipzig physicist and Prof Gustav Hertz builder of Ger manys cyclotron atom smasher and authority on separation of an explosive form of uranium Heisenberg said they went to Germany very soon after the war in Europe ended in mid1945 He reported an authorized Ger man from the Russian occupation zone invited him last September to join them and promised him in addition to the 6000ruble month ly salary 3500 daily for each of his 6 children 50 pounds of fresh meat monthly and a comfortable furnished house I rejected the offer because I wish to keep on living in my own country he said I dont want to do bomb research for anybody He also said that Dr Enrico Fermi Italianborn U S physicist had invited him to join the Chi cago group but that he had turned down that invitation as well as Russias Dr Fermi and other Univer sity of Chicago scientists achieved the first atomic chain reaction basic process of the bomb in a graphitcanduraniura brickpilc under the university stadium He said Germanys atomic re search was diverted from the goal of hnmb xoakimt on 6 1942 Kaiser Wiihelm physicists on that day told Armaments Minister Al bert Speer he said that they could extract explosive Plutonium from uranium if given 2 years or longer Hitler refused to consider any military measure that would take more than 6 months he said At that time he was dreaming of winning the Caucasus oil fields and the Suez old blitz krieg dream Germany in any case did not have the huge in dustrial capacity which the United States had Heisenberg said he had read the Smith report on U S develop ment of the atomic bomb and now knew exactly what was done except for small technical de tails REACH OH CHICAGO MART IN IOWA Small Receipts Bring Advances of to 75 Cents in State Porky Pig was almost worth his weight in gold Monday as hog prices soared at the livestock mar kets with buyers in Chicago pay ing an all time high of a hun dredweight and Iowa stockyards bidding reaching a record Order buyers in south and southwestern Iowa points were paying the price for hogs Sioux City bidding reached the price The Omaha market quoted an alltime high of and Ottumwa reported a top of Small receipts brought advances ranging from 75 cents to to interior Iowa and Southern Min nesota markets Receipts in the area were only 18700 head compared with 47500 a week ago and 47600 a year ago Tuesdays receipts were expected to be around 30000 head Good and choice 200 to 300 pound butchers were selling mostly at to with in stances up to the peak of Hog prices at the Decker plant were for butchers 180 to 300 pounds and for sows 270 io 400 pounds which were a hundred above last Saturdays published quotations Wilson and company Albert Lea quoted top butchers at and top sows higher than last weekend The Hormel plant at Austin Minn quoted prices higher with top butchers at and sows Both Waterloo and Cedar Rap ids reported hogs higher lop butchers at each plant being and top sows at Waterloo and at Cedar Rapids In Chicago the top was up from the previous top estab lished Oct 15 1946 and equaled ast week Scarce supplies accounted for he increase in relation to an in tense demand for pork Cattle and sheep also were higher in the ex pectation that consumers who could not satisfy their needs with pork would turn to the other classes New price records also were set at nearly all other markets except Indianapolis and Kansas City IOWAS TRAFFIC DEATHS HIT 73 2 Persons Killed in Mishaps Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Iowas traffic death toll for 1947 mounted to 73 over the weekend vith 2 fatalities reported one Sunday and one Saturday near bioux City Herman Bauler 41 Remsen armer was killed Sunday night vhen his automobile was in col ision with a stock truck driven by Elmer Otken 27 of Le Mars Iowa about 7 miles north of Sioux 3ity on highway 75 S H Luken Plymouth county coroner said Haulers head was crushed and that death probably vas instantaneous Otken was not njured Donald T E Olson 41 of Coul er Ipwa was killed Saturday night when the car in which he was riding jumped the road at a urve on highway 20 about 6 miles east of Sioux City and crashed nto a concrete abutment Chester Tyner a highway pa rolman said the car was driven jy Paul E Jones 44 of Iowa Falls vho was able to walk away from he wreck Funeral services will be held uesday afternoon at the Lutheran hurch at Spencer Two Davenport youths were in he hospital with serious injuries uffered Sunday in an accident at he Rock Island 111 arsenal vhich was fatal to Norman Hart 7 of Davenport SAME DATE Slack IJag means traffic death in jast VI bout
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