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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 9, 1947, Mason City, Iowa COM HISTORY AN6 ARCHIVES CCS HOIKtS A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LUI Associated Press United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 9 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 77 REP CASE SUBMITS NEW LABOR BILL REPORTBRITISH DECISIONSMADE FOR PALESTINE Cabinet Conference on Jewish4 Arab Strife i Is Suddenly Cancelled London British cabine sessions Palestine was cancellet j Thursday and sources close ti Prime Minister Attlee said deci I sions already taken about thi i Holy Land would gradually be come apparent S The cabinet has had interna S tional issues including Palestine I under review for 2 weeks am was reported to have decided tha i peace with Germany was the mos important problem to be faced I The cabinet was reported to shave grantedGen Sir AlanCun jiingham high commissioner for 1 Palestine wider powers to dea i with violence but there was no i indication of any decision on par s tition or appeal to the United Na tions for settlement f There was speculation in gay sernment circles that rumors of a 60 day suspension of violence by underground groups in Palestine Shad allowed Attlee and his labor government colleagues to delay urgent decisions until after the I Palestine conference which is to iresume here on Jan 2t j Palestine has been uppermosi Sin conversations between Bevin and Colonial Secre Arthur Creech Jones during the last 2 weeks E Government sources said the f ministers already had detidec against imposing martial law to cstampout violent tactics of some extreme Jewish underground 6r jganizations having been swayec tfroni earlier belief that such mea sures would benecessary Neverthelessthesesqurces said Relatives peace has been the rule in Palestine since the out burst of last Thursday night hut jwhether this had anything to do vvith the reported cabinet decision against the imposition of martial law was not clear Irguri Zvai Leumi and the so called Stern gang the 2 most ex underground groups Wed j fnesday were reported to haveide clareda fruce pending continued negotiations But Jerusalem po lice Thursday night received un Fconfirmed reports thata Jeivish I clash had occurred in the nearby town of Tubas in which fan Arab was killed and another SArab and 2 Jews wounded f Government sources in London aaid earlier that Bevin and Creech I jiTbnes would recommend a parti ition of Palestine to the cabinet Staving decided the only hope of lay in the creation of sep jjrate Jewish and Arab states trader this solution Jerusalem Jaifa and possibly other territory would be reserved as neutral areas under British busteeship a government inform int said A home office official reiterated j Wednesday night that Prof Johan if Smertenko of Woodbury Conn ice president of the American j for a Free Palestine 1 Would be barred ifheattempted I into j I Shertenkpin Geneva Switzer on his wayjo London said I jie action was based on some jihinghe was to have J on a previousvisit in BritMn I Concerning sabotage in England to I support Jewishimmigration Jo said he did not say I lvhat British papers had quoted as saying Smertenko is due Mere Friday Will Vote on Hike for Dressed and Undressed Posing San Francisco new of Professional models here will decide Sunday how much its members want to charge for dressed and sans whether to affiliate with the CIO or AFL The group has asked for a raise from an hour to for draped work and from to for nude posing Asked why the models charge 50 cents more for nude posing Miss Vetter said We really dont know our selves Just tradition I guess Its really more comfortable without the studios are cold Asks Medal for Ike Washington Henry D Larcade Jr has asked congress to instruct Presi dent Truman to award the con gressional medal of honor to Gen Dwight D Eisenhower army chief of staff Portal Wage Suits Over By UNITED PRESS The total sought by the nations labor unions in portaltoporta pay passed the 4 billion dollar markThursday Suits filed in federal courts against employers Thursday brought the total to Meanwhile the National Asso ciation of Manufacturers asked permission to intervene in the controversial Mt Clemens Mich Pottery company case which started the flood of suits seeking back pay for unpaid time spenl by workers on company property The Mt Clemens Pottery dis pute is the test case on which the fate ofthe other huge claims filed by labor unions might depend The Manufacturers association petitioned the U district court at Detroit for the right to inter vene as a friend of the court The U S justice department previ ously had obtained such permis sion Both the Manufacturers asso ciation and government attorneys said they wanted to give the court their views on a technical point of law which may determine how much money the Pottery workers can collect in back pay The work ers claims are based on unpaid time spent gathering tools chang ing into work clothes punching time clocks etc Under the point of law involved known as the de minimus doc trine a court can ignore trivial ities Conceivably the courts could ignore the claims of work ers for a few unpaid minutes each day However such time already totals more than in back pay PERS BILL TO DROP RENT CURB Senator iODaniel Puts Measure Before Congress Washington resident Trumans appeal for extension of ent control beyond June 30 col ided in the senate Thursday with a bill to junk the whole program February 1 Democratic Senator ODaniel of Texas sponsored the legislation to eliminate controls and republicans Wherry Moore Okla and Bushfield S lined up n support at his proposal Sever al other senators said controls hould continue but that land ords should be permitted to in crease rents as much as 15 per ent Spurred by a decision of the ffice of temporary controls to eliminate ceilings on transient rooms Feb 15 organized real es tate representatives renewed their demands that rentals of houses and apartments also be freed There is not a single reason or motor courts and hotels to get lecontrol that doesnt apply to ipartment owners Herbert U kelson president of the National Association of Real Estate Boards declared in an interview ADMITS GUILT IN ABORTIONDEATH Council Bluffs Phillip Campbell of Omaha made a urprise plea of guilty Thursday o a charge of manslaughter and was immediately sentenced by District Judge Charles Roe to 8 years in the Iowa state peniten tiary at Fort Madison Dr Campbell 1pf 2 physicians barged in connection with the bortiondeatb last April 25 of Vtarian Blyth of Council Bluffs riginally was charged with 2nd egree murder Explaining reduction of the harge to manslaughter County Attorney Don Jackson said in a tatement to the court that from yidence now available it is ques ionable whether the state of owa can successfully prosecute nder the 2nd degree murder harge Besides the prison sentence a 1000 fine was levied against Dr ampbell International Soundnhoto NAZIS GUINEA PIGS Dzido one of 4 Polish women appearing voluntarily on the witness stand at the trial of 23 Nazi doctors in Nuernberg Ger many shows the court the wounds she received as a hu man guinea pig at Ravensbrueck concentration camp Doctor Alexander explains the natureof her scars U S May Delay Clash With Reds on Atomic Veto Issue UN Security Council Prepares for Debate on pisarmament Plan Lake Success N Y United showdown with Russia for several months on the controversy over the Big 5 vetoand enforcement of world atomic controls informed sources disclosed Thursday The sources said it was con ceivable that the forthcoming pointbypoint United Nations negotiations on a world atomic reaty will have pared down or ompletely eliminated the Ameri canRussian differences over the veto when the time comes for a decisive vole in the UN security council Some circles in the state de artment were known to feel less trongly about the American in istence on scrapping the big jower veto over atomic enforce nent measures thanjhis cpuntrys policy in the TIN atomic energy ammission has made clear This aspect of American atomic lolicy became evident as the se urity council prepared to begin at 3 p m Thursday its first im jortant discussion on 2 related next phase of atomic ontrol negotiation and discus ions of a world disarmament irogram The immediate issue Before the ouncil was an argument between he American and Russian dele ates over whether atomic con rols or general disarmament get irst priority in the council The Americans expressing fear hat Russia may be trying to rpwn the atomic issue in the more general question of overall armsscrapping were determined o assure an immediate resump ion of atomic discussions with he American plan as the basis or negotiation Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A Gromyko of Russia has pro josed however that the council irst agree to draft disarmament iroposals within 90 days A likely result of the procedural ussle was a compromise plan for esuming atomic negotiations in tie atomic energy commission and etting up a new and separate ommission under the UN to dis uss disarmament Stress Farm Safety DCS Moines Iowa rural outh programs in 1947 will stress arm home safety a conference f club officers decided here Wednesday Representatives urged H club work as part of a pro ram of social activity and com munity service EXPECT 1520 HllfBYHOTELS Iowa Operators Give Estimate on New Rents Des Moines of 15 to 20 will be instituted when rent controls on transient rooms are removed Feb 15 Iowa hotel men estimated Thursday E A Boss head of the Boss Hotel company which operates 22 hotels said room rates in non controlled areas have advanced 15 to 20 and he estimated the same increase will prevail in transient rooms H F Schaller executive secre tary of the Iowa Hotel association said he believed increases will be held to the lowest possiblemini 50 cents for min imum priced rooms and one dol lar or 5150 for better rooms He cautioned that the transient business wont stand for the hotels to go crazy and said he thinks most hotel owners will readjust their rates retaining a certain percentage of minimum priced rooms rather than to make a flat advance Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and somewhat wa r m e r Thursday night and Friday Low Thursday night 2025 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday somewhat warmer north Thursday night Wanner Friday Low Thursday night 2027 high Friday4047 Minnesota Mostly cloudyand somewhat warmer Thursday night andFriday with occasion al light snow i north and central portions Thursday night ending Friday forenoon beginning again Friday night IN MASON CITY JlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 28 Minimum 12 At 8 a m Thursday 13 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 28 22 MARSHALL MAY BE CALLED TO OUTLINE POLICY Senators Show Interest in Questioning General on Russian Relations Washington UR Incoming Secretary of State George C Mar shall will be called to capitol hill to outline his foreign policy views before he leaves for the Moscow conference it was learned Thurs day Senate foreign relations coin mitteemen indicated interest in questioning him on subjects rang ing from relations with Russia to western hemisphere defense policies The senate confirmed Marshall as successor to James F Byrnes in dramatic and speedy fashion Wednesday dispensing even with committee hearings Senate Presi dent Arthur H Vandenberg R Mich said the prompt action should assure the world that the cabinet change would not alter our bipartisan foreign policy Nevertheless influential mem bers said the senates action while a resounding vote of confidence in Marshall was not necessarily a blank check policy endorse ment Hence their desire to meet with him in person soon The Moscow foreign ministers confer ence is set for March 10 In the meantime Marshall was expected to move slowly in re shuffling lop personnel in the stale department and in recom mending changes in tactics on policies One exception was China where he has personally observed the chaotic situation for 13 months Marshalls extraordinary report on China troubles aypjtded vspe cific recommendationsBut he was expectedto have some specific ideas about U S policy and more particularly its execution in that area when he reports in person to President Truman The first excitement over the switch from Byrnes to Marshall died down as the capital waited for the generals arrival from China to assume his new duties Byrnes still undecided on the exact day he will step down con tinued business as usual He an nounced he would keep his en gagement to speak at the annual Institute of the Council of World Affairs in Cleveland Saturday night It will be his farewell pub lic speech Three major immediate prob lems confront Marshall as Byrnes successor 1 A report to the president on China and decisions on what steps to take next in that wartorn area Should the United States continue mediation efforts 2 Preparations for the Moscow conference where the German and Austrian treaty negotiations will begin and Marshall will face his first test with Soviet Foreign Min ister V M Molotov 3 Selection of a personal staff and possibly top assistants if he is unable to persuade some of the present ones to remain in their obs for a while Mississippi Governor to Name Bilbo Senator f Seating Is Denied Jackson Miss Field ing L Wright said Wednesday night he plans to appoint Theo dore G Bilbo senator for an in terim term if the senate denies him his seat without a hearing or on the basis of charges growing out of his election campaign governors comment came in the wake of a newspaper ac count of conversations he had with several Mississippi legislators concerning Bilbo whom the sen ate declined to seat when it con vened last week Wright said he had discussed his Dlans for naming Bilgo for an in terim term in the belief that his remarks to the Mississippi legisla ors were off the record I did not intend to inject my self into the controversy in Wash ngton which I have avoided so ar he added Blind Veteran Asks for Job Portland Ore veteran who went blind in the hold of a Jap prison ship is advertising Thursday in the want ad columns for a job doing anything even dishwashing Although the ad has run in a Portland newspaper for 3 days there have been no offers A previous ad ran a week and turned up 2 of fers The first a youputuptheinoney sales scheme the 2nd offered a companion The companion never showed up Totally blind Calvin D Venable 24 a bridegroom of 7 months isnt without money The veterans administration has me on total disability so were not going hungry he says Its just that if I dont get something to do I think I may lose my mind The one thing I than even one short glimpse of my wifes a regular job and a normal life Congressional Republicans at Odds Over Defense Costs Representative Taber Demands Drastic Cut But Taft Counsels No Washington republicans are at odds among themselves Thursday over nation al defense costs Rep Taber N Y is demand ing that armynavy outlays be cut drastically while Senator Taft Ohio is counseling against such a course Taber who heads the new house appropriations committee told a reporter he is convinced the mil itary services can get along with between them in the budget year beginning next July I Furthermore he said that if President Truman recommends a larger amount in the budget mes sage to congress Friday steps will be taken to trim the proposed ex penditures Taft chairman of the senate GOP steering committee told a newsman he thinks senate repub licans want to find budget reduc tions elsewhere and not make them at the expense ofnational defense Senator Bridges RN who heads the senate appropriations committee shares this overall he and others will insist that savings be effected where military purchas ing intelligence and similar op erations can be combined Bridges said he thinks a num ber of army camps now being maintained in this country with skeleton staffs could be closed and some reductions made that way Taber contended that about 500000000 can be lopped off mili tary expenditures for items and services that were necessary in the pasti but no longer needed Hep Plumley RVt who heads a naval appropriations sub committee voiced the opinion that substantial savings can be made in thenavys budget in compari son with the present year If President Truman fixes total federal spending at about 000000 as generally forecast Taft said it seemed likely that from 510000000000 to of this amount would be for the army and navy He said that while Semite repub licans would favor paring the larger amount he doubted if they would wish to challenge the smaller except where it was ap parent savings could be made without impairing military effi ciency He has no doubt Taft continued that republicans can find places to cut off at least 53500000000 from a budget without any drastic defense reductions Printers Strike Hits Newspapers in Pajis Paris was left with out French language newspapers Thursday as printers struck to support their demands for a 25 per cent wage increase The only newspapers to appear in the capital were the continental editions of the London Daily Mail and the New York Herald Tri oune Report Quints Born to Chinese Woman Peiping all born to the wife of a Chinese army sergeant 3 days ago in the town of Yenlinhsien 53 miles south of Chenchow in Ho nan province the Central news agency reported Thursday Food Prices Will Go Lower Say Experts on Nations Commodity Markets Chicago men who are among the best informed about ood prices the brokers on the ountrys commodity exchange markets think prices will go low r Many New Year predictions ave been made recently by banks conomists and businessmen con erning future prices But the orecasts on exchanges are the omposite opinions of brokers eating in the commodities Butter prices are high but you can buy some butter on the Chi cago mercantile exchange for de livery in June at about 53 cents a pound Thats around 22 cents un der present wholesale prices For the average person who just wants some butter to spread on bread that wouldnt be practi have to take 19200 pounds which is the amount rep resented by a contract To save yourself from being drowned in butter youd better sell before delivery day Significance of that 53 cent price however is that it is the present best guess of the butter and egg men on what the whole sale price will be this summer In nearly all markets in which food is traded for future delivery a similar trend is shown Eggs are a single exception In most cases the more distant the deliv ery the lower the price Take wheat which is basic for flour bread macaroni and other is around a bushel If you buy for March delivery its For July its or 40 cents under presentcash prices Other grains follow that pattern Santos coffee will cost 26 cents a pound for delivery in January but only 23 cents for next De cember Cocoa is 25 cents for March and 23 cents for Septem ber This trend holds true for com modities other than foods Cash foods Its cash price at Chicago I cotton is cents a pound So is the March delivery But cot ton for delivery in March 1948 is under 27 cents In every case this represents in dollars and cents what the indi viduals and business firms who operate in these markets now think of futureprice trends As for exception of eggs the current January delivery is run ning 32 and 33 cents a dozen for storage eggs but the future price for next October ranges between 37 and 38 cents a dozen A International Soundphntn BALANCED Balanced in the hands of White House Secre tary Jeanne Leggette is the huge bound national budget for the period ending June 30 1948 The budget will be submitted to congress on Friday AFL Leader Against Suits on Portal Pay Des Moines A Couch president of the Iowa State Feder ation of Labor AFL said Wednesday he believes when the legislature meets Monday it should take action the first thing to outlaw portal to portal pay claims Couch said he regarded the nu merous suits running into millions of dollars as harmful to the cause of labor It is unsound to go back years and years to dig upmaterial on which to base such suits Couch said Such matters should be a matter of negotiation beforehand Most portaltoportal pay suits seek pay and damages back as far as 1938 Iowa now has a law which presumably prevents sfits arising from such pay claims from dating back more than 2 years Portaltoportal pay suits have been filed in Dubuque Cedar Rap ids Ottumwa Davenport and Bet tendorf Iowa Most such suits have been filed by CIO unions or union officials Mrs Roosevelt Blames Sun for Auto Collision While Plains N Y Eleanor Roosevelt said Wednes day in an affidavit that when her car was involved in a collision with 2 other automobiles last Aug ust in Yonkers the afternoon sun was shining directly inmy eyes There was a momentary lapse during which I crossed the white line and the accident occurred she added in the document which was submitted at a hearing into the accident before a state motor vehicle commission referee Referee William F Glasheen of Albany who has authority to con tinue Mrs Roosevelts drivers li cense in force suspend or revoke itreserved decision in the case The decision will be filed in Al bany Jap Quake Toll 1600 Yokohama U S 8th army in a final report estimated Thursday that nearly 1600 Japa nese were killed a similar num berwere injured and more than 150000 were made homeless by the recent earthquake and tidal wave in southern Japan MEASURE BANS STRIKE ACTION HURTINGPUBLIC Proposal Makes Workers as Well as Employers Liable to Unfair Charge Washington Francis Case RS Dak Thursday intro duced legislation authorising the government to enjoin labor unions from strikes that endanger the public welfare and making work ers as well as employers liable to unfair labor charges Case author of a labor hill that passed congress last year only to meet a presidential veto said his new measure is intended to let labor and management live to gether in peace In a statement he said he does not consider his measure bill but a bill which he hopes will afford an opportunity to meet our responsibilities in a compre hensive way Cases new bill expands in some respects on the one which failed last year In other aspects it goes beyond the top senate bill intro duced by Senators Ball R Taft ROhio and H Alexander Smith RN Among other things the Case bill would I Legalize the procedure fol lowed when the government got an injunction against John L Lewis and his coal miners in the recent coal strike without requir ing government seizure of the struck property Z Specifically authorize the at torney general to use the injunc tion when a strike in an essential monopolized service or burdens or obstructs commerce in such a wayas Jo endangerpublic welfare health or the president has authorized a pro posed emergencycbmmission to investigate and recommend settle ment 3 Define unfair labor practices by employes closely paralleling those now covering employers in the Wagner act Labor organiza tions and leaders would be for bidden to coerce employes use vio lence against them seize property in strikes withdraw essential maintenance workers or order strikes without a majority vote of employes in secret ballot 4 Empower the attorney gen eral to file charges of unfair labor practices The national labor relations board which would be increased from 3 to 5 members now has this power alone 5 Avoid industrywide bargain ing if this is desired by giving employers as well as employes the right to choose their repre sentatives in bargaining 6 Restrict labor unions in some respects but still protect their right to strike assemble peace fully and picket peacefully 7 Deprive labor organizations that engage in sympathy and jur isdictional strikes of their exclu sive bargaining rights and make them liable for civil damages In dividual union members would not be affected 8 Authorize suits by and against labor unions 9 Require all national unions to supply members with annual statements on finances officers and obligations 10 Forbid political contribu tions by labor organizations cor porations and national banks II Grant congressional recog nition of the right of various states to enact laws to ban closed shop agreements 12 Authorize the attorney general alone to use injunctions in flagrant cases of boycott sec ondary strikes and combinations to fix prices or restrict produc tion Case said this last provision would let the government protect public interest without opening the door to indiscriminate use of injunctive process by private employers Senate and house leaders Thursday set Jan 20 as the out side date to start hearings on pro posed labor laws The labor committee of one or he other chamber may go into action before then But there is a chance they may launch togeth week from of the biggest double features billed on capitol hill in many a year The idea at both ends of the capitol is the turn out some kind of a bill that will tighten the screws a bit on labor unions and discourage strikes that paralyze business In the senate Senator Ball R Minn put forward a new meas ure1 to outlaw the closed shop It would make illegal all provisions in any present or future contract requiring a person to be a union member to get or hold a job A replica of Tombstone Ariz was built in 5 weeks by 20th Cen tury Fox to make the picture My Darling Clementine
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