Thursday, August 29, 1946

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 29, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY TOW MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS CHURSDAY AUGUST 29 1946 N F n 1 v S 1 s i M Fi s 1 r 1 8 J j I I I R I I This Paper Consists ol Two No 277 Big4Ministers Meet to Speed Up Parley Bt fc SEEK METHODS TO DEAL WITH PACT CHANGES Australian Proposal on ItalianFrench Border Probe Beaten Paris foreign ministers of Britain Russia the United States and France met afternoon in an effort to find a way of revitalizing the Paris peace conference Shortly before the ministers gathered in the office of Georges Bidault president and foreign minister of France the conference had witnessed another of clashes which have bedeviled the peace making An Australian pro rasal to establish a subcommittee to collect factual data on the Ital ianFrench frontier was beaten 13 to 6 in the Italian commission after a heated AustralianRussian exchange The 4 principal powers and 9 other nations voted against the Australian plan U S Secretary of State James F Byrnes British Foreign Secre tary Ernest Bevin Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov and Bi dault met in the building contain ing the famous clock room where the Big Four of 1919 framed the treaties which they too hoped would end war Their 1st task it was believed was todevise a common ground for dealing with the 300 amend ments to treaty drafts which have snowed ihe conference under As they met only the preambles to 4 of the treaties had been adopled in commissions The con ference itself had yet to pass on most ofthese rhaving passed on lessthan 200 of the 55000 words in the 5 treaties for Bulgaria Italy Homania Finland and Hun gary Secretary Byrnes was the 1st to arrive at the Quai DOrsay He was accompanied by his advisors for the meeting Senators Arthur Vandenberg RMich and Tora Connally and his inter preter Charles Bohlen John A Beasley the Australian delegate took up the award of the Mont Ccnis Faltcau o France in particular in his argument before the Italian commission that a spe cial comjnilfee should make a study on all disputed territorial questions connected with the Italian treaty ARMY AND NAVY BUILDING GUT Priority Rates Same as for War Veterans Washington govern ment cut the army and navy down Thursday to the same building materials priority as that reserved for veterans Henceforth by decree of Hous ins Expediter Wilson Wyatt the armed forces no longer may use their potent Mitt rating for mil itary barracks quarters or hous ing in this country Instead they must use the same HH priority that is given lo builders of vet erans houses In another indicator of the gov to get thousands of veterans under good roofs be fore winter puts a crimp in build ing activity OPA disclosed that it had put its staff of special agents on the lumber black market trail The agents a specially trained group within OPAs enforcement division are quietly continuing their lumber investigations OPA Administrator Paul Porter said in a statement Wednesday night They are provided with ample cash to make illegal purchases if necessary to obtain evidence FINE LIGHFIELD OFFICER Bad Nauheim Germany Col James A Kilian of High land Park 111 former commander of the U S armys replacement depot at Lichficld England wa convicted Thursday of permit ting cruel and unusual punish ment of American soldiers im prisoned in the depot guardhouse Kilian was fined and reprimanded by the 7officer mili tary court The court convicted him after 2 hours deliberation the end of the 10week trial at the livestock barns underpasses and even the U S Asks War Crimes Cotet to Convict 5 Nazi Groups American Prosecutor Seeks Guilty Verdict for Leading Agencies Warming Sun Returns After Chilly Dawn A warm sun coaxed North lowans out from under the bed covers Thursday morning after the coldest August dawn since 1942 The Mason City thsrmom eter registered 39 degrees in the early morn i n g compared with a low of 44 for August 1945 A year ago the low temper ature in Mason City was a sum mery 61 and it rose to 81 grees during the SUNNY Jumil I day The August low in recent years was a 38 degree mark on Aug 24 1942 Farmers eyed their corn fields Thursday morning but U was speculatively rather than wor riedly according to Marion E Ol son Cerro Gordo county extension director He said the cool weather recently has slowed de velopment of the corn but has not harmed it particularly if the weather turns fair and warmer AH of north central Iowa is in good shape now for soil moisture he said and corn is in very good condition even though there is lack of uniformity in development On an inspection trip Wednesday he reported seeing corn in all stages from milk to dent Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool Thursday night and Fri day Low Thursday night near 40 high Friday about 659 Iowa Fair cooler in extreme southeast portion Thursday night Friday generally fair Slightly warmer in north por tion Lowest Thursday night around 40 Highest Friday about 66 Minnesota Fair Not quite so cool Thursday night northeast and north central Friday fair and a little warmer c IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 2J hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 67 Minimum 39 53 At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 90 64 Washington Pros ecutor Thomas J Dodd asked the international war crimes tribunal at Nuernberg Thursday for a guil ty verdict against 5 nazicreated ir naziperverted organizations He declared he indicted rcich cabinet political leadership corps 6S elite guard SA brown shirts and with the military high the Principal agencies through which the nazis effected their enormous crimes against civilization Deprive the nazi conspirators of these organizations and they could never have accomplished their criminal aims Dodd tolcl the tribunal By convicting them he said the court would show mankind That no crime will go unpun ished because it was committed in the name of a political party or of a state that no crime will be passed by because it is too big that no criminals will avoid pun ishment because they are too many Dodd is executive trial counsel for Associate Justice Robert H Jackson the U S chief prosecu tor The text of his plea was made public here by the American pros ecution staff Jackson earlier had urged the conviction of 22 individual nazi leaders who with the organiza tions have been on trial since last November If an organization is convicted of war crimes the next step by the allies will bn to identify and try individual members other than the 22 principals in the main case Dodd told the tribunal that the organizations with possibly 3000 000 volunteer members constituted the political Frankenstein of our era which brought terror and fear to Germany and spread horror and death throughout the world Driver less Auto Runs Down Owners Los Angeles know you wont believe this Jim Moreland told attendants at a police hos pital but Id just parked my car My wife Mary and I started for the grocery I had a bill in my hand The cars brakes must have slipped because the next thing 1 knew it had followed us about 100 feet down the hill jumped the curb and knocked us down Any witnesses he was asked as doctors patched up their cuts and bruises One Moreland answered He grabbed the bill from my hand while I lay on the sidewalk I got up and grabbed it back LAKE BIDS FOR G A R IN 1947 Invites Old Soldiers for 81st Encampment S Gale 91 commanderinchief of the Grand Army of the Republic which closed its 80th annual encamp ment here Wednesday received a telegram from the Clear Lake Chamber of Commerce inviting it to Iowa for the 1947 encampment The City of Clear Lake Iowa and the Clear Lake Chamber of Commerce cordially invites you and the boys in blue of the Grand Army of the Republic to hold your 81sl encampment here Our stale is this year 100 years old Our town next year is 38 years old We want you to be with us The telegram was signed by Julius R Jensen secretarymana ger of the Clear Lake Chamber of Commerce The 80th annual encampment was attended by U Civil war Union soldiers It closed with the election of oHicers and the an nouncement that the site of next years meeting would be selected by the executive committee A bid also was received from Boston John H Grate 101 of Atwater Ohio a cavalry private who served under General Phil Sheri dan was elected commanderin chief for the coming year REDS BALK ON ON MEMBERSHIP Blocks TransJordan Ireland and Portugal Lake Success N Y Russia Thursday blocked the ap plications of Ireland transJordan and Portugal for membership in the United Nations for the sole reason that Russia iocs not have diplomatic relations with tho countries Refusing to explain his positi further despite sharp challenges from a majority of his colleagues Andrei A Groiriyko of Russia told the U N security conncil that Russia could not support the appli calions of those countries for the reasons that they do not have nor mal diplomatic relations with th Soviet Union His position was attacked by Paul Hasluck Australian delegat and by Herschel V Johnso United Slates delegate and oth members who sought an explana tion Gromyko refused to add anything The only application not op posed so far in council debate that of Afghanistan There st was no indication when a fin vote on all applications would be taken pile Tht Ji EXPECT RECORD INCOME TO AID 5 Balanced Budget Looms as Possibility Experts See Washington com led by government experts jursday indicate that individual incomes will set a record of around 3105000000000 this fiscal year exceeding the booming war year l 1945 by Moreover information gathered y the taxation staff employed by ongrcss suggests that even this Jstimate mislit be revised upward icfore the fiscal year ends next line 30 This raised a possibility that the federal budget thrown out of kilter by depression and war might be brought into balance All these things are based on the assumption that the nation will remain relatively free of any largescale strikes for the remain ler of the fiscal year The new income estimates con curred in by the budget bureau compare with official predictions last year that the 1017 income would be around On the basis of fliosc figures con gress wrote the first tax reduc tion in 16 years President Truman took note of the unexpected upward trend earlier this month when in a re vised budget message he esti mated tax revenues at 000000 against his January fore cast of 531500000000 The peak income year of 1045 produced in tax re ceipts TKese fell to 000 in the year ended last June 30 Notwithstanding the 56000000 000 slash written by congress in the first postwar ax bill Mr Trumans latest estimate of tax revenues for fiscal 1941 is only about below collec tions in the previous year In addition to the possibilities of a further boost in national in come and in tax receipts the treasury now is in the midst of an intensive drive to detect wartime tax evasions Some officials say returns from this campaign may run into billions At the same time the govern ment has ordered extensive cut backs or delays in various federal construction All of which adds up to the possibility that America may see something ithasnt seen in a long long balanced budget REPORT CHIANG FOR COALITION Believe China Leader Approves Committee Wj Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek was reported re liably Thursday to have approved the creation of a committee of 5 headed by American Ambassador John Leighton Stuart to clear the way for a coalition government taking in all parties This was regarded here as the most hopeful development in the Chinese situation in recent weeks It came as fighting in the north increased sharply in intensity and as the communists announced they might set up their own separate national government rather than accept any new constitution in which they did not have a voice The primary objective of Stuarts committee would be to i faring the Kuomintang and minor parties together in a 40 man state council which would serve as an interim coalition governing body until a more permanent admin istration is formed at the Nov 12 national assembly Premier T V Soong called on Ambassador Stuart Thursday and presented the names of the gov i ernment TeChen 1 secretarygeneral of the Kuomin i tang and Chang LiSheng mini e ster of the are slated to serve around the same ic conference table with Communists Chou EnLai and Tung PiWu The government choices are c scheduled to leave for the summer i capital at Kuling Friday to re r ceive instructions from the gen eralissimo The committee prob ably would not begin functioning until early next week The ability to digest milk IS j llllln HI ill large quantities decreases with age Adults who have not drunk milk in a long lime find it very hard to digest BOY HERO AND GOVERNORDennis Aquilera 5 year old boy from Manly grins from the shoulder of Gov Rob ert iJ Bine after the governor had presented him with the state valor award at the Iowa State fair in Des Moines Wednesday AP Wirephoto Boy Idol of Playmates sisfer Shiricy eo S5fety wh Farmers Wonder If Ceiling for Hogs Will Boost Output Many Had Hoped for If Top Several Desired 18 Ceiling By OVID A MARTIN Associated Press Farm Writer Washington From the farmer point of view the big live stock ceiling question Thursday is whether the boost on hogs is enough to spur greater pork pro duction The new ceilings ordered Wednesday by Secretary of Agri culture Clinton F Anderson and due to become effective Sept 1 will be SI625 per hundred pounds Chicago basis Differen tials reflecting transportation for other livestock markets The ceilincs in effect June 30 when the old price law expired was Chicago bas is Word from the midwestern corn belt center of the nations hog industry indicated that farmers had hoped for a ceiling of not less than Many farmers had expressed the opinion to agricul ture department officials that an ceiling was essential if the hog production curve is to be turned upward again The 2 things that greatly influ ence farmers in hog production operations are 1 Prices of corn at feeding time and 2 The pros pective prices of hogs at market time In other words if the ratio be tween the price of corn and the prospective price of hogs is favor able farmers will tend to expand their pork output The ratio is favorable for the more efficient farmers when 100 pounds of live hog will pay for about 115 bushels of corn Contrary to widespread belief the ratio was not favorable dur ing July and August a period of uncontrolled prices that led to new records in both hog and cat tle markets The authority for this statement is the departments bureau of ag ricultural economics In a report on the livestock situation issued Thursday the bureau said the hogcom ratio in July was dis tinctly unfavorable because corn prices advanced relatively more than hog prices With the United States average price of corn farm basis on July 15 at a bnshe the hopcorn ratio was only 86 compared with an alltime average of 117 The bureau said that as corn prices declined in August the ratio im proved but stiil was below aver age IOWAS FAIR BREAKS RECORD Total Attendance Mark Falls 1 y2 Days Left Iowa State Fair Grounds De Moincs attendance re cords for an Iowa State fair were shattered Thursday as the states war veterans were honored at the expositions Victory Day Fair Board President J P Mul ien and Secretary Lloyd B Cun ninffham were at the Grand ave nue fair grounds gate Thursday morning to erect the 43538Sfh person to visit the 194B ccntcnnia fair Designated as the record break er was a second World war vet eran Harold Young of Prescott Iowa who entered the gate a with a companion Mis Mary Catherine Kennedy of Corn ing Wednesdays attendance o 6o015 highest for a Wednesday since 1919 pushed the numbe through the outside gates thi year to 400379 compared to 346436 at the same time in 1941 the last year the fair was held LIFE SENTENCES FOR JEW GANG Change Death Verdicts of 18 Stern Members London colonial office announced Thursday night that the death sentences against 18 biern gang members convicted of bomb attacks on the Haifa rail road yards in Palestine have been commuted to life imprisonment The results of the review had been awaited tensely in Palestine where Jewish underground re sistance organizations had threat ened reprisals against British of ficers and officials if the death sentences were carried out At the same time the colonial office announced that the Mufti of Jerusalem Hal Amin El Hus seini was unacceptable as a dele gate to the forthcoming Palestine discussions in London with Arabs and Jews BUT LIVESTOCK CONTROL FREE 4 EXTRA DAYS Beef to Go Up Syz Cents a Pound Pork to 3 Above June 30 Levels Washington clung Thursday to its schedule for re storing meat price ceilings Sep lember 9 despite the llth hour jnarl that kept live animals free of controls lor 4 extra days When the new schedules are iosted however they will aver age about 5Kcenls a pound high r for beet and between and 3 jcnts a pound more for pork than June 30 ceilings But theyll still be below current costs OPA and the agriculture depart ment agreed on those estimates alter differing sharply on what ceilings to clamp on the livestock markets Secretary Agriculture Clinton Anderson desolved that dispute by taking advantage of the new power congress granted him He directed OPA Chief Paul Porter to hike the June 30 live animal ceil ings by a hundred for beef and for pork in an effort to stimulate production The CIO cost of living commit tee Thursday labeled this action as the climax to a long series of in cidents in which Anderson has acted as mouthpiece for profi teers The new live animal ceilings were to have gone into effect Wednesday midnight but OPA late Wednesday announced a de lay until Sunday to permit the agency to complete work on a new set of price tops for packers wholesalers and retailers reflecting the hteher levels ordered by the secretary OPA said ceilings still will ap ply Sunday to slaughterers and packers on September 5 to whole salers and on Sept 9 to the butcher shops To complete the program the reconstruction finance corpora tion announced Wednesday night that effective Sunday it is restor ing the slaughter subsidies which lapsed with price control June 30 Otherwise the food price pic ture included increases for pre pared pancake and waffle mixes canned Hawaiian pineapple and pineapple juice canned salmon and most syrups OPA said the popular 20ounce sizes of plain pancake and waffle mix as well as buckwheat pan cake mix will rise 2 to 3 cents be cause of higher prices on flour and corn meal Fancy sliced Hawaiian pineap ple will climb 4 cents a No can The agency said this resulted from an increase of 135 per cent allowed pineapple processors on the entire 1916 Hawaiian crop A one pound can of Alaskan red salmon will cost 6 cents more while the pink variety goes up 4 cents This results from a per cent increase for salmon canners ordered by Anderson to encourage production The syrup boosts will amount to i much as 20 per cent for blended maple and cane syrups OPA said as a result of increases required for producers wholesal ers and retailers under terms of the new price control act Candy manufacturers also were allowed a blanket increase in prices to bring their earnings up to normal peacetime averages but OPA said this should not affect consumers because few manufac turers could qualify On the subject of dairy price controls Chairman Roy L Thompson of the decontrol board telephoned a statement to Wash ington from his New Orleans home late Wednesday recalling that his independent panel has sole authority over those now suspended ceilings Porter on Tuesday said in New York he would insist upon a re turn to controls because he feared milk prices soon would get out of line In his statement Thompson em phasized that the board has no of ficial spokesmen other than its own 3 members and that any other statements are merely suppositions or speculation and should be treated as such Field Marshal Dies London Marshal Lord Cavan 80 chief of the British imperial general staff from 1922 to 3926 whose military career extended from the South African war died Wednesday Reds Continue Ration Moscow government announced Thursday that bread rationing in the Soviet Union would be continued into next year because of continued drought which has reduced the cron in some wheat producing areas