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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, August 28, 1946 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1946, Mason City, Iowa                             KUTOftY AM6 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPERTHAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LH Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 28 1916 This Paper ConstsU of Two Ono No 276 LIVEST LAUNCH PROBE OF MONOPOLY SALE SYSTEM Justice Department Eyes Identical Bidding Practices by Dealers Washington justice de partment said Wednesday it is in vestigating identical bidding and monopoly practices in the sale of many products bought in vast quantities by federal state and city governments An official fully acquainted with the inquiry declined to specify the items involved but said they are products essential to government operations and to public health and safety the list might in clude such things as motor ve hicles electrical equipment and building materials although it was emphasized that not all man ufacturers or dealers in any one product are suspected of illicit practices The department official told a reporter the investigation is being conducted by the antitrust divi sion The probe stemmed from com plaints of identical bidding he said adding that agents who fol lowed up those complaints uncov ered evidence of alleged conspir f acies and monopolies in the sale i of many items Two antitrust actions already have been filed as a result of the preliminary inquiry and others probably will follow soon the of ficial said He declared that the investiga tion has uncovered such practices as 1 Lowering of bids in areas of tough competition When price slashes have eliminated competi tion bids have been hiked back to higher levels 2 Rotating of bids among com panies 3 Allocating cities to one com pany exclusively 4 Identical bidding or bids in which identical figures appear so frequently as to suggest collusion 5 Buying out of small compan ies to eliminate competition The official said the department already has moved in 2 fronts to eliminate certain of the alleged abuses Five corporations and 6 indi viduals were indicted last month on charges of conspiring to re strain and monopolize the stencil We Will Go Anywhere We Please Says BullHalsey Washington Admiral William F Halsey re plying to reporters questions about current deployment of U S warships Wednesday said Its nobodys damn where we go We will where we please The wartime commander of the 3rd fleet made it clear that he did not mean that American could intrude into the coastal wa ters of any foreign country He declared however that the high seas are free Halseys comments were made in the wake of an exchange of at the breakup of a general news and the United States which pro the Mediterranean vided fresh evidence of mounting cruise of an American task force was tied in with the Yugoslav U S situation and that the United powerful American States was tryin to put pressure fleet rode in Mediterranean ters to underscore this countrys on the Balkan nation with a show acknowledeed claim to firsthand of naval strength interest in that part of the world The Communist Daily Worker these developments in London Wednesday attacked the 1 The Polish embassy Mediterranean cruise as infringement into ant example of gangster diplo Polands sovereign rights and m macy and said it threatened Brit terference with her internal af Russian interests fairs as the result of an Ameri Halsey s views expressed CARRIER FDR AT MtVesuvius forming a backdrop the mighty car rier Franklin D Roosevelt lies at anchor in the harbor at Naples Italy The U S as signed a virtual naval task force headed by the FDR to of courtesy to Greece target of a new Russian diplomatic offensive AP Wirephoto via radio from Rome POLISH BABY FOODS ARE FREE OPA Removes Control From Several Items Washington Wednes day removed price controls from a long list of additional items in cluding lizard and snake skin shoes doeskin gloves shoe polish and baby food Other commodities execpted from controls were floor polish furniture polish automobile and industrial wax finishes and dress duplicating industry Another suit has been filed against a single company charg ing an effort to monopilize the market in specialty business forms which city state and federal gov ernments buy in large quantities remove VA Applications for Amputees Autos Due Within Next 2 Weeks Washington veterans administration said Wednesday that application blanks for ampu tees to use in applying for free automobiles probably will be available at all VA offices within 2 weeks Congress voted to provide automobiles or other con veyances to veterans who suffered the loss or loss of use of one or both legs at or above the ankle The VA so far has not given its interpretation of other convey ances The VA said the total purchase price of the car including taxes and the cost of special attach ments cannot exceed The veteran cannot purchase a more expensive car and pay the differ ence between the purchase price and the limitation It also was pointed out that VA under the law must pay the dealer and cannot reimburse a veteran for a car already purchased ings Ceilings were reinoved from reptile skins and leathers made from antelope deer peccary bad ger beaver camel zebra ostrich dog gazelle carpincho and Vis chacha sharkskin pin seal am other acquatic animals Products made 90 per cent o these leathers also were decon trolled This means price ceiling no longer will apply to snake an lizard skin shoes and handbags doeskin gloves and some luggag and billfolds Precooked dry cereals were in eluded in the order exemptin baby and junior foods from con trol OPA also announced that whit potatoes will remain free of con trols and raised retail rice cei ings on all canned tomatoes 1 spur production This increase in addition to the 2cents a ca boost that resulted from remova 6t subsidies In ancient Rome moldy brea was used to hasten the healing wounds J S Intends to Claim All Japan Gold to Defray Costs Also Will Take Revenue From Japanese Exports as Occupation Payments Washington The United states intends to claim all gold n help defray American ccupation costs it was learned Vednesday This government it was under tood also will claim revenue from apanese exports as occupation payments and in addition hopes o obtain Japanese assets held by neutrals It will insist however that Japanese assets held here by the alien property custodian be ap plied against war damages Meanwhile it was learned that Russia despite vigorous promises still has not replied to the U S proposal for establishing a repara tions agency for Japan The So viet Union is the only one of the 11 nations who make up the far eastern commission which has no yet accepted the American pro posal The U S plan put forward late in July called for a full time reparations agency with the pri mary job of settling claims of nations which waged war against Japan In addition it proposed a formula under which Russian re movals of Japanese industry from Manchuria would have been charged off against soviet repara tions Informed officials believed this formula would lead the Russians to reject the American proposal r to ask that it be modified to equire no investigation of what he Soviets have taken as war booty In event the reparation agency proposal appears destined to pro onged wrangling the U S has an nterim proposal designed to speed up the FECs reparations work Under this plan now being con sidered by the statewarnavy co ordinating committee supreme al ied Commander Gen Douglas MacArthur would be empowered to make interim removals from Japan to claimant nations an note dealing with the forth oming Polish elections 2 The state department prompt acknowledged the interfer nce But it said the Polish eclions were not valid because he Big Three declarations at Yal and Potsdam pledged this ountry along with Great Brit ain and Russia to guarantee free and unfettered elections in that vartorn country 3 The manner of the entire exchange was highly unusual In stead of a formal reply to the American note the embassy is sued its blast in the form of a press release Similarly the state iepartments retort was provided an anonymous spokesman who told a reporter he could not comment in detail because I was not given the courtesy of seeing a copy Secretary of War Patterson tola a group of top war department of ficials to formulate their defense plans on the basis that there i and svill be no adequate control among nations of atomic energy 5 Civilian Production C h i e John D Small told newsmen tha despite the concentration of re conversion we have never los or dropped our system of in dustrial mobilization S m a 1 addedthat it could be swung bac into operation within 24 hours in the event of an emergency The acrid Polishstate depart ment exchange was based on an American note of August 19 which expressed official regret on the part of this government at reports of irregularities and discrimina tion during the Polish referen dum of June 30 The note then reiterated a list of essentials which would assure a free na ional election in November Tuesday nights Polish embassy tatement said curtly that a note f that kind was not expected and othing at this moment war anted the delivery of such a ote The press release said the FOR CRYING OUT Carolyn Sandgren of Jacksonville Fla went on her first real picnic with her first real bathing suit and then was refused entry in the childrens beauty contest she cried as seen at left The tears helped and Carolyn did en ter the contest She won it and happily flashes her victory smile right International Scrap 11 B25 Planes Sold to Chinese Firm Shanghai Liquid ation Commissioner Thomas B McCabe Wednesday ordered re duced to scrap 11 bombers which were sold in condition a few weeks ago to a Chinese concern in violation of U S state department regulations American army personnel was sent to the Chinese Air Transport Corp airfield to cut the tails from the bombers and otherwise render them unusable in accordance with rules laid down by the state de partment and the join chiefs of staff McCabe said the planes were sold as salvage and for spare parts only The CATC had an nounced that they would be turned over to the Chinese air force Government Makes Flans Jo Deal With Boxcar Shortage Washington government marshaled the powers of 8 agencies Wednesday to deal with a freight car shortage officially termed one of the worst blocks in the road back to a normal peace time economy Reconversion Director John K Steclman said the struggle to move record crops and mounting factory output had developed threatening transportation He warned that failure to solve the problem could have grave consequences for the reconversion program in the next few months In a statement Tuesday night he reconversion chief called on he agencies for prompt and vig orous action to relieve a situa tion which finds the railroads carrying more freight than before the war with onethird fewer cars He outlined a 7point program A CPA official said priorities to channel lumber and steel to short agehit freight car builders and repair shops could be issued al though he expressed belief that the job can be done without them Steelman said 40000 new cars are needed this year and that 80 000 old ones are in urgent need of repair to get them rolling again J Monroe Johnson office of de fense transportation director said that by midOctober carloading demands will hit 1000000 weekly 75000 above the maximum figure the railroads will be able to fill Topping Stcclmans ist of SUR cestcd remedies is a proposal tha as much freight as possible be di verted to water and inland Otherwise the reconversion di rector proposed that 1 OPA grant price relief to ship pers whose transportation costs rise through diversion to wate hauls 2 The state department urgi swift placement of foreign order for freight cars to be manufactur ed next year in order to encour age manufacturers to speed out put of current orders for domesti delivery 3 ODT and the agriculture de partment try jointly to A brea bottlenecks in the flow of perish able foods and in the movement o grain and coal for export and E speed the shipment of supplies t west coast and midwestern canrer ies 4 ODT stress the need for a 6 day week among shippers and re ceivers in order to speed the turn around time of freight cars and 5 Tighten its regulations i make certain that all freight ca space is utilized Yalta and Potsdam agreements contained only an acknowledge ment by the Big 3 that Poland in ended to hdTdVfree elections and made no provisions whatsoever or supervision of the balloting It added The present American note Is not only an attempt to institute such foreign supervision before he elections but is an open inter ference with completely internal party politics in Poland Furthermore the statement said the note is taking sides with Polish political life by giving open diplomatic support to those parties which are known to be in disagreement with the views and decisions on the election problem by the majority of the govern ment coalition In his quick retort the stale department spokesman said he considered it significant that while the embassy put out its statement without hindrance the Polish press as far as I have been able to determine apparently has been forbidden to publish the American This flareup came while an air of tension still persisted in the Mediterranean area Thus the naval maneuvers there led by the super carrier Franklin D Roosevelt served to cast that floating arsenal in the Gromyko Rejects U S Plan to Admit All UN Applicants Australia Also Balks 38 GIS KILLED BY BAD SHELLS 127 Wounded in War by Premature Explosion Washington UR An officia army report listed 3 American soldiers killed and 127 ounded by premature explosions defective 42 inch mortar shells uring World war II The report released by the sen te war investigating committee aid the 165 casualties resulted om 63 cases of the premature xplosions role of silent partner to a far The senate committee requested extension of United States he report on defective shells dur iplornacy ng its war profits investigation f the Garsson munitions combine major wartime producer of the 2 inch mortar ammunition Many veterans wrote the com mittee to tell of battlefield and raining camp casualties caused y faulty explosions One angry GI said it was literally murder Proposal on Basis of procedure Policy Lake Success N Y drei A Gromyko soviet delegate Wednesday rejected a United States proposal for admitting all 8 pending applications to the Unit ed Nations Gromyko said Russia preferred to deal individually with each application Australia also said it could not support the United States plan Paul Hasluck of Australia said his stand was based on procedure and not regarding the question of whether any i y individ ual nation should be accepted or rejected Gromyko said that he was un able to agree with a proposal by Herschel V Johnson United States delegate that the council recom mend to the general assembly the acceptance all applications now before it I cannot agree on the Unitec Slates proposal for the wholesalf acceptance of the applicants hi said Before the council look up thi membership question at its morn ing session Great Britain and th Netherlands fought briefly will lussia over the validity of Soviet Ukrainian charges against Greece Trygve Lie secretarygeneral of he U N Brazil Mexico and Egypt spoke for the United States esolution at the morning session Siam asked that its application IB postponed temporarily The council started its first ses lon in a converted war factory vith a call by its president for co operation and with an immediate y ensuing fight over the Ukrain in case The Ukrainian complaint charg ed Greece with attempting to fo ment war with her neighbor Al Dania and called on the council to act without delay to eliminate this threat to peace It said that the holding of Greeces referen dum on the return of the mon archy scheduled for Sunday while British troops remained in the country would be contrary to the aims of the allies RULING BY OPA ON BOOST MAY NOT BE NEEDED Rise to Mean Increase of 6 Cents a Pound in Beef Retail Price Washington of Agriculture Anderson Wednesday directed a revision of livestock ceilings which department officials estimated wilt mean an increase of about 6 cents a pound in the retail price of beef as compared with June 30 ceilings The retail prices of pork they estimated will rise an average of between 25 and 3 cents over June 30 Since June 30 prices have not been subject to ceilings and An derson said that while the new ceilings will be slightly higher than those in effect June 30 they will be substantially lower than recent record sales The ceilings which Anderson asked OPA to establish call for increases over June 30 limits of per hundred pounds on hogs and for cattle Chicago basis Chicago basis means at Chi cago Quotations in other markets around the country are adjusted to take into account transporta tion costs and other differentials The livestock ceilings go into effect Thursday midnight Retail store ceilings on meat which be fixed later on the basis of live animal come effective Sept 0 Andersons announcement ap parently came as a surprise to Price Administrator Paul Porter and his deputies They had been conducting z series of conferences with agri culture department meat experts in an attempt to compromise dif ferences Porter had publicly urged that Remount Telescope Iowa City large refract ing telescope at the University of Iowa stored in 1942 to make way for a navy prefilght building soon will be remounted and the study of astronomy will be re sumed The committee has received no vidence to show that shells made y the Garsson combine actually auseci any of the casualties Committee Chairman James M VIead D N Y said the group vould hold formal hearings early n September to pursue the matter if defective ammunition lainly when he told reporters We go where the state depart ment tells us State department officials were eluctant to discuss the diploma ic ramifications of the Mediter anean maneuvers Scientists Ready to Set Up Radio Station on Moon for Broadcast Pittsburgh said Wednesday they were ready to se up radio station MOON on the moon as soon as the army flies a rocket there Plans for a 100 pound rocke radio powerful enough to broad cast through the 240000 miles o space from the moon to the earth were announced by Dr J A Hutcheson associate director o Westinghouse research laborator ies The 100 watt radio transmitte was designed to go aboard th monnbound rockets which th army has said it will build wifhi 18 months The ultra short wave radi would broadcast for 1 minute eac hour to save the battery powe supply Thcorctically the American eel rode through Mediterranean aters in a gesture of good will dually however the pun ristling flotilla was sent there as vidence that United Slates di lomacy is armed Admiral DeWitt Ramsey acting hief of naval operations put it Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and cooler Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy and continued unseasonably cool Iowa Cloudy and cooler Wed nesday night Thursday partly cloudy and continued unsea sonably cool Lowest Wednes day night 47 in north to 52 in south Minnesota Generally fair Wed nesday night and Thursday Continued unseasonably cool IN MASON CITY IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 79 Minimum 52 At 8 a m Wednesday 53 Precipitation 11 YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 65 Aust rot ion Fight to Probe Reparations Claims Beaten Paris 3day fight over reparations apparently ended in committee late Wednesday when an Australian proposal to postpone all demands including Russias bill against 5 former enemies was beaten 15 to 2 Only New Zealand voted with Australia her downunder neigh bor in the Italian economic commission for the proposal to set aside the reparations section for 6 months and make it the business of a special commission which investigate the faclual basis of claims the payments already made and the ability of the form er enemies to continue paying France Great Britain and the United States all supported Rus sia in opposing the Australian move It was the 2nd time the Aus tralian amendment had been beat en It had been withdrawn earlier Wednesday in another peace con ference commission Willard Thorp deputy assistant U S secretary of stale outlined the stand of the United States on the Australian reparations propo sition and speakers from France and Britain concurred Soviet For the new price ceilings be rolled back to near June 30 levels Initial reaction of OPA was that the proposed ceilings must be accepted although a statement was promised later in the day from the price control agency These increases are necessary Anderson said in a written state ment to encourage the necessary production of meats The new ceilings will be Hogs a hundred pounds Chicago basis compared with on June 30 when the old price control law expired Cattle Overriding ceiling Chi cago basis a hundred pounds compared with in June 30 with maximum stabilization ranges of on choice on good and on commercial grades Lambs Ceilings on dressed lamb would reflect about a hundred pounds Chicago basis Agriculture department officials estimated these increases would raise retail prices of pork an aver age of between 25 and 3 cents a pound and beef about 6 cents A department official said he had no knowledge that Ander sons action had been approved by the OPA Officials of both agencies havereported however that there was a difference between the 2 agencies with the OPA opposing increases favored by Anderson In taking the initiative to fix the new ceilings Anderson cited pro visions of the new price control law He said the act provides that when the secretary of agriculture determines that maximum prices cign Minister V M Mololov had Fought the proposal for 2 days While Italy was presenting her views on redrawing the Italian frontier and a military commis sion was debating its procedure of operation as yet not begun the corridors at old Luxembourg pal ace were rife with speculation as to what effect a proposed meeting of the fiig Four Thursday migh have on the deliberations nov bogged down by more than 30C amendments to the 5 draft treaties Thorp financial advisor to th U S delegation was supportei by Herve Alphand French foreign office spokesman Glenville Hall British delegate upported Thorp for the United kingdom bringing the Big Four olidly into line A French foreign ministry ource said France had accepted ast Monday a British proposal or a Big Four forekrn ministers ession Thursday the first such meeting since July 13 two weeks efore he peace conference con vened A Brilish spokesman confirmed he Russian acceptance of a meet ng of the council adding that Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov lad informed British Foreign Secretary Bevin of it Tuesday This source said Bevin would arrive by plane from London Wednesday afternoon for Thurs days council session Dr E Ronald Walker Austral ian delegate answered the Big Four line up against creation of a reparations commission by withdrawing the Australian amendment to the Romanian treaty but reserved the right to bring up the proposal in discus sions of other treaty drafts Walker said he had never questioned the amount of 000000 agreed by the Big Four as Romanian reparations to Russia but considered the method of fix ing war damage claims as arbi trary applicable to any agricultural commodity which is in short sup ply or impeding the necessary pro duction of such a commodity he may recommend to the price ad ministrator such adjustments and such maximum prices as the secre tary determines to be necessary to attain the necessary production of such a commodity Coffins of Shot Down Flyers in U S Hands Aidussina on the Morgan Line coffins containing re mains of American flyers shot down by Yubgoslav fighter planes on Aug 19 were handed over to American military authorities by the Yugoslavs at p m Wed nesday Richard C Patterson United States ambassador to Belgrade accompanied the Yugoslav convoy to the transfer point on this de marcation line between Yugoslav and AmericanBritish occupation zones Marshall Tito assured me per sonally and officially that there will not be any repitition of this event Patterson said Despite Titos explanations he declared there can be no ade quate satisfaction for the deaths of tive Americans Combined resources of Wyo mings 56 banks are at the high est peak in the states history Re sources total   

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