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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOI US ENGLAND SLAP AT RUSSIA IN PEACE TALKS Byrnes Takes Issue With Russian Charges of Enrichment by War Paris United States and Britain struck back Thursday with blunt and unvarnished state ments at Soviet reflections on their peace conference policies Finland last of the 5 former enemy states to be heard present ed a keynote of collaboration with her great neighbor to the east the Soviet Union Czechoslo vakia bitterly replied to Hungar ian attacks on Czech treatment Hungarian minorities V S Secretary of State Byrnes taking exception to Russian alle gations duringthe debate on Italy that certain nations had enriched themselves during the war said the war had cost the United States 5400000000000 and I hope he the Soviet spokesman was not referringto the United States Striking at economic clauses in the peace treaties svhich tend to restrict and divert trade or distort international economic relations Byrnes said the United States has no apology to make for the prin ciples of justice equality and freedom which wehave striven to the best our ability to write into the peace A V Alexander Britains first lord of the admiralty complain ing that the debate had tended to endanger agreement said the words of the first delegate of the United States Byrnes are in full accord with the sentiments of Great Britain He called Bulgarias demand on Greece for western Thrace intol erable Finnish Foreign Minister Carl Enckell praised Russia as a gen erous victor but entered a plea for a reduction by 5100000000 in Finlands reparations payments and an easing the territorial cessions she had been forced to make Byrnes said economic treaties in contradiction of the Potsdam agreement would lead to enslave ment and exploitation Byrnes declared that the war cost the HJnited States 000000 loaned by the American public but was seeking no re compense Before America was attacked ranklin D Boosevelt announced it the United States would be symbol of democracy he ed America has asked for no bmpense other than the free ns she sought for all mankind Associated Prea United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents E Copy I nerica seeks compense no territories or Byrnes added that the United States was willing to help in the economic rebirth of any nation He spoke after Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk of Czechoslovakia had told the conference that Hun garian Foreign Minister Janos Gyongypsi had tried to gloss his nations record as an axis satellite by castigating Czech oslovakia in an address before the parley Wednesday There was loud applause when Byrnes said the United States ould offer reciprocal friendship to any nation Foreign Minister V M Molotov listened intently as Byrnes spoke The American secretary praised both Italy and Greece and ob jected tox recent speeches by Rus sian and other Slav delegates giv ing the impression that other countries were more democratic than Italy because they have har monized their views with the Rus sians Cries of hear hear sounded from the benches of English speak ing delegates when Byrnes re ferred to Italys new democratic There was a clear reference to Russia when Byrnes said that the draft treaties permit every coun try to exploit its own resources and to allow the free flow of goods between countries There was ringing applause when he said an equal open door policy will not cause exploitation but hinder it Soviet Delegate Andrei Vishinsky mildly criticized Byrnes declaring the secretary of state carried the discussion backward and not for ward then launched into a dis cussion of Hungary We have the right the legal right to demand indemnity for our losses he said but the Sov iet Union takes a line designed to make it easier for the former en emy states to pay their repara tions One of the reasons for the diffi cult position of Hungary is the enormous amount of material which was transferred to Germany and is now in the American zone and has not been returned IRON LUNGS ARRIVE DCS Moines of 6 res pirators scheduled to augment the area pool of poliomyelitis equip ment arrived here Wednesday night John V McCarthy state representative of the national foundation for infantile paralysis said the 2 iron lungs would be kept here MASON CITV IOWA THURSDAY AUGU CONFER ON FIELDS RECORDSRep Roger Slaughter chairman of the house surplus property committeeRep Ross Rizley committee member and Ted R Strom public accountant who said he made out tax reports for Benjamin fields broker in surplus government property check rec ords introduced at the hearing in connection with Fields testimony AP Wirephoto FACES CONTEMPT F Fields Washington broker in war surplus goods has been ordered by a house investigatingcommittee to show how he shared a 442 commission on a surplus property sale with aides Fields is shown as he told Chairman Roger C Slaughter of Missouri You have the records You find out V A Fields Defies Committees Record Probe Washington F Fields Thursday continued to defy congress by refusing for the 4th time to produce records thaUhad been subpenaed by a special house committee investigating surplus property The committee has stated ear lier that such Fields refusal would result in his being held in contempt of congress and his case turned over to the speaker of the house for reference to a federal grand jury Fields told the committee that he had already produced all the records in his possession The committee wanted additional rec ords concerning a fee that he split on a transaction in surplus wire screenings If I had any other records I would be very happy to furnish them to this committee Fields said There are no records until the auditor sets them up There are no transactions en tered in any book in connection with bronze wire screening Committee Chairman Roger C Slaughter D Mo carefully took Fields over the entire ground cov ered by the committee subpena Fields had threatened to have the committee members them selves subpenaed by a grand jury if it cites him for contempt Slaughter scoffed at the threat saying Fields had no such author ity Following the conclusion of Fields testimony Slaughter noti fied the official committee report er to note in the record the return of Fields subpena Presumably this was a formality incident upon presentation of contempt charges Immediately following Fields testimony Ted R Strom his au ditor who had been sent Wednes day night to look for Fields rec ords in the latfers office testified He said that he and Emanuel Eschwege an associate committee counsel had found Fields office locked Strom said that his brief case containing all of his memoranda for working on Fields books was locked in Fields office Slaughter said that Fields could not subpena committee members before the grand jury Fields contended that he coutd ask for the congressmen to be sub penaed to substantiate the con tempt charges Slaughter said atthe most only one committee member would ap pear before the grand jury to state that Fields had been held in con tempt The committee chairman said that even that would hot be necessary if the grand jury ac cepted a certification by the house speaker A pinch of dried sweet marjo ram added to creamed potatoes transforms them into something special FEWER CATTLE ON FEED IN IOWA Early Marketing Blamed for AilTime Low Mark DCS Moines cattle feeders had 47 per cent fewer cattle in their feeding lots ready for market on Aug 1 this year than on the corresponding 1945 date the Iowa crop and livestock reporting service said Thursday The service said estimates of actual numbers of cattle on feed the first of this month had not been made but indications were that the number was the smallest on record for that date Early marketing during recent months because of advances in the cattle market accounts in part for the low Aug 1 level the serv ice said Most of the decrease this year was in the number oE cattle that had been on feed more than 4 months the service reported Chug Chug Los Angeles C Green isnt worried much whether automobile manufacturers get back on the prewar beam George pulled into town Wed nesday from Lambertville N J in the 1904 model Oldsmobile he bought secondhand in 1907 for S165 It was his second transcon tinental trip in the one cylinder model He says he gets 30 miles to the gallon and the old buggy does up to 25 miles an hour this Paper Consists of Two No 26S New US Carrier Steams Toward Troubled Europe Grund Case May Bring Cleanup in Des Moines By JOHN ZUG Des Moines IDPA Odors coming out of the police depart ment oj Iowas capital city are worse if anything than they ap pear on the surface It would be de lightful pastime for the disinter ested Des Moines watch the citys smooth detectives hush up the Judge Grund case for one thing The difficulty is that the inci dent involves a member of the ju diciary It cannot be blown over without leaving a cloud on a branch of government which still maintains some selfrespect and will not stand for it The same thing went wrong when Alphonse Babe Bisignano bullied the same judge last De cember for signing a search war rant on Babes tavern Bisignano now faces a contempt sentence Two points that do not square 1 Mrs Dorothy Roth 26 di vorcee and former waitress at Babes who claims that Municipal Judge Harry Grund attacked her in Grunds office said she was there to talk to Grund about get ting custody of her 3 children j Yet under her divorce decree she has been entitled to their cus tody since June and left them with their father 2 A Crocker building custodian ran about 50 feet and says he was in Grunds on Mrs Roths 3rd scream He said that 3 police men were coming in the window from the fire escape when he got there Talk about speed The cops claim to have been a half block away loafing on a street earner They heard a scream ran the right direction turned into the JEWISH REFUGEES REFUSED LANDINGExclusive radiophoto of one of the hell Smnfrith whicl1 left iW over a month ago ciammed with Jewish emmigrants seeking entry into Palestine Arriving at Haifa after tiavehng in crammed quarters amid immeasurable filth with little privacy insuffi SaJ a a the were removed to 2 British trans this before run 50 feet Have your WASTE PAPER at the curb for the Boy Scouts by 8 oclock Saturday morning Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with thundershowers Thursday night or early Friday becoming partly cloudy Friday Continued warm and humid Iowa Mostly cloudy with scat tered thundershowers Thursday night and early Friday Partly cloudy Friday Continued warm Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with scattered thunder showers Thursday night and Friday Little change in temper ature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 70 Minimum 65 At 8 a m Thursday 66 Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 49 though Moines cops have right alley climbed the right fire escape and stopped momentarily on the 2nd floorbefore going on to Grands 3rd floor office All the custodian could At least 2 cops in on the affair have excellent and close relation ships of long standing with Des Moines underworld and seem to have no hesitancy in letting it be known A local law enforcer with a known record of honesty had this comment Three rookies from the state highway patrol school at Camp Dodsre coutd do better than that I am sure one would take the front entrance to the build ing one the back and he third would keep tab on the fire escape Principal difficulty of the probe is that one thing leads to another Des Moines has a high quota of unsolved mysteries If you tell on me Ill tell on you Past mysteries might come to light Take thebombing of the business house of Public Safety Commis sioner Walter Massey just before his election last spring Many said this showed the underworld was against voted for him But Massey has been in office for months and has not solved his own tis said Des told on the street every name connected with he bombing They say here that if heads are rolled as a result of the Grund case someone may talk about the Massey case But the plot is deeper Control of slot machines and punch board placements by Des Moines police has been kept quiet for so long Grossnickle said little about this angle that some juicy items in relation to this business are said to be in writing Then so the report goes the first cop who hates the second cop swipes the letter or note and keeps it for future use if neces said cop know he has it of course Another trick cops are assign ed to one job and told to lay off others Thus the man assigned to watching the pawn shops is out of the liquorslot machinepunch board enforcement picture Fewer cops have to be in on that The fact that the man on pawn shop detail is ordered to forget about his oath to uphold all the laws of the state of Iowa is con veniently overlooked In such a mess it is doubtful if the local having something on the other and vice be depended on to bring much into the open The federal bureau of investiga tion has no more connection with the entire affair than the New York police department Only one outside agency can do much good That is the state of Iowa Under Iowa law state agents can delve into the Des Moines un derworldpolice hookup only if requested by local officials or ordered ta do so by Gov Robert D Blue As far as can be learned neither nf these has acted to date k them sengers touched off a demonstration during which the of Cyprus to be Transfer of the gaunt pas CIO Will Reopen Wage Contracts If Permitted Demands Protection on Wage Front If Not on Price Front Washington Walter Reu ther president of the United Auto Workers CIO said Thursday that the union will reopen wage contracts where permitted to do so He said they would be reopened to protect ourselves on the wage front if he government fails to give us the protection we need on the price front Reuther made the statement at a national CIO emergency con ference on wages and prices The conference earlier received a report in which the CIO de manded that the government roll back runaway prices within 30 days or revise its wage stabiliza tion program In the automobile industry we are going to take advantage of those clauses in our contracts per mitting reopening on wages Reu ther said during discussion of a conference resolution on prices Reuther told the United Press that the UAW board would make public a formal statement on its wage policy at a special session here Friday Reuther attacked the American Federation of Labor fharge that the CIO s to blame for current price increases He said that the AFL is getting its economics from the Smithsonian institution they are that antiquated He charged that The Truman administration fcas surrendered completely to industry in the UAW dispute with the J I Case Co We are about tired of these double standards one for indus try and another for workers he said He condensed President Tru mans refusal to seize the strike bound Case plant where the UAW has been out for 8 months Reuther blamed slow production of the automobile industry on widespread material shortages and hoarding of needed supplies The conference adopted a res olution demanding a rollback of prices in 30 days or scrapping of the wage stabilization program It also voted for a national CIO inquiry into federal fiscal policy Minnesota Legion Asks State Veterans Bonus St Cloud Minn Min nesota American Legion Thurs day was on record as favoring a state bonus of for Minnesota World war II veterans Action on a resolution backing such a proposal was taken before the Legions convention closed here Wednesday Meanwhile Legionnaires saluted a new department commander Col Ernest B Miller Brainerds Bataan hero He succeeds Joseph W Finley of St Paul Mrs A G Patterson of Austin was named to head the Auxiliary State Sen Henry G Young of Minneapolis announced after the bonus approval that he will draft a bonus bill of like nature and present it at the next session of the Byrnes Sends for Connally Vandenberg Washington UR The white house announced Thursday that Sens Tom Connally D Tex and Arthur H Vandenberg R Mich will join Secretary of State James F Byrnes at the Paris peace con ference next week The white house said President Truman asked the senators to go to Paris at the urgent request of Byrnes Connally and Vandenberg were with Byrnes at the recent Paris conference of the Big Four for eign ministers They also have served as members of the Amer ican delegation at previous United Nations conferences Connally is chairman of the senate foreign relations commit tee Vandenberg is the leading re publican member of the commit tee The senate must pass on any peace treaties growing out of the Paris conference 4IOWANS LEFT IN RANKS OF GAR Only 86 Members in U S With Average Age of 99 Seattle Wash Grand Army of the Republic its ranks cut to 86 members whose average age approximates 99 years will hold what may be its last encamp ment in Indianapolis Aug 25 to 30 With each passing year thinning its veterans have died since the first of the once huge veterans organization probably will be represented by less than the 13 members who at tended the 79th encampment in Columbus Ohio last year The United Confederate veterans held their last reunion in There will be a parade and the United States marine tional at GAR encampments CommanderinChief Hiram R Gale of Seattle who will be 100 years old in November probably will attend Theodore A Penland o Portland Ore junior vice Com manderinchief also will try to be there The G A R numbered more than 309000 in its peak year in 1890 and its 8F survivors are not the only union veterans surviving Probably there arc as many more who do not belong to the organi zation Only one stale California has as many as 10 and a majority of the states have no surviving mem bers A list of surviving members compiled by Secretary Cora E Gillis as of Aug 12 includes 4 men in the Iowa department John M Cudgel Shenandoah James P Martin Sutherland Rob ert A Millen Mclcher and Eben ezer McMurray Iowa City Waste paper is urgently needed Dont ihrotv it away The Boy Scouts will call for it each month JEWS THREATEN ARMED REVOLT Palestine Aroused by Deportations to Cyprus Jerusalem threatened for a 2nd time to bomb the general postoflice of Palestine Thursday after Jews were ex horted to revolt against Great Britain by the outlawed Irgun Zvai Leumi organization As on Wednesday night the building was emptied and com munications systems throughout Palestine were disrupted for more than an hour Bombs were not found in either case From 50000 to 200000 armed British forces stood guard in the mandate awaiting possible trouble JEWISH REFUGEES AGAIN BEHIND BARBED WIRE Famagusla Cyprus der heavy military guard the first few hundreds of Jews di verted from Palestine came ashore Thursday and were lodged in a camp ringed with barbed wire The British cruiser Ajax lay offshore as the lightly clad men women and children filed off the ships that had brought them from European ports from the Jews aroused because illegal Jewish immigrants being deported to Cyprus Another 800 illegal immigrants reached Haifa aboard a 300ton schooner after a 21day voyage U S FLEET ON TRAINING TRIP TO NEAR EAST Russia Demands to Share Control With Turks at Dardanelles Washington The mighty new aircraft carrier Franklin D Roosevelt is due at Lisbon Friday bound for a Mediterranean train ing cruise that coincides with de veloping tension in the near east American diplomatic officials reportedly are taking a serious view of Russian demands on Tur key for a direct part in the control and defense of the Dardanelles While it seems certain that the United States will back Turkey ir rejecting the Russian demand it is an open question how far this country will go in that respect Thus the appearance of the air craft carrier and possibly other American naval units in the Medi terranean a few days after the arrival in Portugal appears likely to be widely interpreted as an American show of force even though all official statements in sist that the only purpose is a training cruise Naval plans call for the carrier tt be joined at Lisbon by the Cruisers Houston and Little Hock and possibly one or more destroy ers all from Adm Henry K Hew itts naval forces in northern Euro pean waters In fact the 2 cruis ers and 4 destroyers comprise Hewitts total force there at the moment Already In the Mediterranean under Vice Adm Bernhard H Bieri are the cruisers Fargo and Huntington and 2 destroyers Bieri vessels recently have been used more or less for police duties in connection with maintaining order at Trieste involved in the peace conference controversy be Italy and Yugoslavia Presumably when the Carrier F D R and whatever vessels ac company her move into the Medi terranean they will pass under the British supreme command there for joint training exercises involv ing fleet units of both nations Bieris forces already operate un der British command Behind the surface developments even about those navy and state department officials have been reluctant to a political situation that has top of ficials here deeply concerned lest it break into an open crisis con siderably more serious than the one several months agn over Iran These fears seem to arise out of privately expressed beliefs that 1 Russia is evidently deter mined to establish herself some way in the Dardanelles strait be tween the Black Sea and the med iterranean and 2 may use all sorts of agitation and demonstra tions of force in seeking her objec tive The British already have let it be known that they would back the Turks in rejecting the Russian demand And while it is not ex the Arab population is dominant Irgun Zvai Leumi which as serted authorship of the King David hotel bombing last month m which 91 persons were killed called on the Jews to revolt in a broadcast from an outlawed radio transmitter MacArthuf Asks US to Continue Fight Against World Famine Washington resident Trumans famine emergency com mittee disclosed Thursday that General MacArthur has asked the United states to continue its all out fight Against hunger despite somewhat brighter food prospects this year MacArthurs message was ra dioed to Paul C Stark executive director of the famine committee It asked Americans to step up food production and continue food con servation in the home Stark who also directs the na tional victory garden program added his own plea for everyone to can as much food as possible from this years victory gardens The agriculture department also reported a 4 per cent increase in farm land values in the 4 months ended July 1 This placed them within 14 per cent of the inflation peak Honey znts of Australia gather sweets from the mulga tree a kind of acacia and choose some of their own number to be stor age vessels These storage ants get so full o honey they cannot walk privately agree that Turkey will have United States diplomatic support Also involved in this general sit uation is concern lest the ultimate Russian aim should be to man euver Turkey into the Russian sphere of influence along with the eastern European states This would be in line with soviet ef forts that have been made in Iran Arsenic and Old Lace Death Case Ready for Grand Jury Hearing Du Pont Ind tion of Jefferson countys eerie Arsenic and Old Lace deaths was cloaked in secrecy Thursday as police announced that they had wrapped up the case against Mrs Lottie Lockman 62 mother ly housekeeper suspected of pois oning several elderly persons State Police Detective Graham Tevis in charge of the investiga tion said there no longer was any need for Mrs Lockman to take a lie detector test Our case is wrapped up1 Tevis said We have enough evidence to clinch the case and bring Lottie Lockman before the October term of the grand jury The plump widow has been charged with feeding a fatal po tion of mercury to her motherin law Mrs Minnie McConnell 75 who died a year ago She also is under suspicion in 4 other deaths The doctrine that the earth is spherical can be traced back to the Pythagorean school Greek phil osophy in 500 B C
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