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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 1, 1946, Mason City, Iowa I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME eCPARTUEKT roav VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS tFive Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 1 1946 Paper Consists ol Two One No SET FRUIT VEGETABLE OPA CEILINGS Yugoslav Delegation Balks on Compromise CHANGE o QDnc nw 23RDS VOTING RULE HEADING FOR APPROVAL Expect Byrnes to Give Qualified Support to Russian Vote Proposal Paris Yugoslav dele gation served notice at the peace conference Thursday that it would not accept the compromise solu tion on Trieste The foreign ministers council recently voted to establish Trieste as international territory under United Nations authority The U N hasnot accepted the responsi bility however Edward Kardelj Yugoslav vice premier and spokesman for Pre mier Marshall Titos peace con ference delegation attacked the socalled French line of demar cation between Italy and Yugo slavia Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov agreed Thursday to a Greek proposal to open the Paris peace conference to all questions pertaining to the draft of peace treaties In supporting the Greek motion Molotov proposed that the rules of procedure on the conference be amended to include the statement that The conference may place on its agenda at the request of any delegation any question pertain ing to the draft of peace treaties The motion was made by Con stantine Aghnides Greek ambas sador to London who said the conference should be thrown open to any connected peace question not now on the agenda Before Molotov spoke tfi motion was op posed by Mosha Fijadl Yugoslav and Dmitri Z Manuilsky member of the Ukrainian delega tion who said the proposal was a disguised form of bringing up the disputed question of a simple majority as against a twothirds majority rule for voting in the conference The Greek proposal asked that the decision of placing any new matter on the agenda be a simple majority vote Manulisky said article 18 of the United Nations charter required a twothirds majority for voting Dr Herbert V Eyatt Australian minister of external affairs and champion of fhe simple majority proposal said that Manuliskys Interpretation of the V N article was faulty This is only a recommending body and I think it should con sider everything and send it back to the final body the four min isters said Evatt The adoption of the twothirds rule seemed assured however thus probably restricting the ma jor discussions of the 21nation body tothose matters on which the Big Four have been unable to agree The debate on the question of opening the conference to various peace treaty questions occurred at a meeting of the rules commit tee U S Secretary of State James F Byrnes was expected to inform the committee that the United States gave qualified support to the twothirds proposal Molotovs amendment permit ting the conference to discuss all questions pertaining to the peace treaties was adopted in aharmon ious atmosphere A Netherlands proposal that each country be admitted on an equal footing to all conference committees was defeated 11 to 9 in the first public roll call in the rules committee The United States abstained Russia Yugoslavia Poland Czech oslovakia the Ukraine White Russia France Britain India Nor way and New Zealand voted nay Belgium Brazil Canada China Ethiopia Greece the Neth erlands South Africa and Austra lia voted yes m M ulu yuLun witn Omaha Nebr Po other murders ice Chief Robert Munch was l regard it i AI4U1H11 Wil puzzling Thursday over how to re move an unusual traffic hazard It consists of 100 gallons of molasses smeared over the pavement at an intersection The barrel of molasses bounced rom a truck Wednesday and plit its seams as it hit the pave nent Munch said he wil call out the itys street cleaning trucks in an Jfort to flush the sticky mess own the gutters extract is obtained from e pod of a South and Central climbing orchid Recapture Jail Chiseler MarshaUtown Gurka 24 who chiseled his way through a 12inch brick wall of the Marshall county jail Wednesday svas recaptured Wednesday night after a 10hour search of the area snerift Harry Jennings and Marshalltown Patrolman Glen Good ings found Gurka m a hayloft 354 miles east of here The hayloft was Charles Khali who telephoned the sheriff after Gurka ed for food at the Khail home The farmer had heard a radio report the escaped prisoner who was awaiting transfer to Anamosa re formatory yearkterm this week to a V a Jennings said Gurka used a steel brace torn from his bunk and an ice pick to chisel the hole through the wall tMJSl6 SdJthe jail break was discovered when a woman telephoned him Wednesday afternoon and said Say do you know theres a hole in your south jail EISENHOWERS LEAVE FOR BRAZILGeneral Dwight JJ kJsenhower army chief of staff waves farewell a mo ment before he and Mrs Eisenhower board an army trans port plane at National airport Washington D C Thurs day The general plans to travel by way of Puerto Rico Nata enroute to Rio De Janeiro Brazil for an official visit AP Wirephoto Student Identifies Knife as Heirens Continues Silence tied the knife which police believe was used to dismember the body of little Suzanne Degnan as one which was stolen from his room along with other loot found in William Heirens possession Guy E Rodrick21 said he was positive the hunting knife which was taken last Dec 3 was the one which was found on an L track approximately 24 hours after the slaying by an employe of the Chi cago Rapid Transit company Chief of Detectives Walter Storms said Rodricfcs identifica tion definitely placed the knife in Heirens hands and rounded out the mass of circumstantial evi dence already linking the 17year old youth with the Degnan and 2 J as one of the most important clues in our case to date Storms said The new development came as Hetrens was held incommunicado in his county jail cell and authori ties intimated they were using the silent treatment in hopes of in ducing him to volunteer a con fession of the 3 slayings Heirens father and a Catholic priest attempted unsuccessfully to see him Wednesday and left the jail after Warden Frank Sain ex plained that visiting hours were over fend that Monday had been fixedas a visiting day for Heirens Sam said that without a special order from Sheriff Michael F Mulcahy he could allow no one except defense attorneys to visit Hcirens The attorneys mean while appeared in no particular hurry to see their youthful client We intend to let Heirens cool off a little bit Malachy Coghlan one of the 5 defense attorneys said Our present attitude is not to go near him for a day or 2 and see what he thinks about it then Asks Reduction by All Government Agencies Washington Tm mar 11 1 wuura receive casn so would the man called urgently Thursday for estates of men who have died since all government agencies to cut down on their spending He spe navy ing 2A per cent interest and pay able in full approximately 5 years the secretaries of after the date of discharge For ana inp TERMINAL PAY APPLICATIONS ABOUT SEPT 1 BottledinBond Bill Is Before President for Final Approval Washington GIs entitled to accumulated furlough pay under the bill awaiting Pres ident Trumans signature prob ably can begin applying for their cash or bonds by Sept 1 army of ficials said Thursday They declined to venture a guess however on how soon the first to aver age be forthcoming In outlining the payment procedure to a reporter they asked not to be identified by name The government printing office they reported started work Wed nesday on application forms to be used by an estimated 15000000 former service men and women in obtaining bonds and cash to be paid under the legislation These forms will be mailed in about 10 days Army veterans will send their applications to fi nance officers at the post where they were discharged Actual pay ments in cash or bonds will be made by mail The navy which is responsible for paying naval and marine corps enlisted men and the treasury which will pay coastguardsmen intend to coordinate their proce dure with the army Details were withheld pending Mr Trumans action on the The payments will be figured upon base pay only without counting dependency allotments On Capitol hill meanwhile house members are already plan ning to get around the bonds pay ment provision next year The measure cleared both cham bers of congress Wednesday Act ing last the house contented ilself for the present with denouncing the senateinspired bondpayment plan Members were afraid to re fuse it lest ihe legislation eet lost in controversy during the closing days of the session But the chamber left no doubt regarding its future plans From both sides of the aisle came de mands that the new congress con vening next January enact a bill permitting holders of the bonds to cash them immediately instead of waiting the required S years from date of discharge Republican Leader Joseph W Martin Jr of Massachusetts joined democratic members in criticizing the bond provision Many called it discrimination against GIs since officers have been receiving their terminal pay in cash President Truman himself ad vanced the bond plan describing it as lessinflationary than straight cash payments All enlisted personnel who have served at any time since Septem ber 8 1939 in the army the navy the coast guard or the marine corps would receive the payments provided they had accrued fur lough time at the time of their discharge Payments would be at the rate C days a month less furlough time actually received But no one could be paid for more than 120 days regardless of how much time he had accrued The amount of pay would he computed at the rate of base pay and longevity pay received at the time of discharge To that would be added a minimum of 70 cents a day for subsistence and in the case of personnel of the first 3 pay grades with dependents an other SI25 a day for quarters al lowances The 1st 3 pay grades include master technical and staff sergeants in the army and chief first and second class petty offi cers in the navy An individual whose total pay was less than or who had been discharged prior to Jan 1 1943 would receive cash So would the cificaliy named the army and maritime commission I am war and navy and the maritime commission to reduce expenditures substantially below the amounts for this fiscal year Mr Truman said The economy call followed dis closure that Gen Dwight D Eisen hower and Adm Chester W Nim itz contend armynavy budgets al ready have been cut to the mini mum were discharged AU others would be Paid in bonds in denominations bear men discharged in 1943 the bonds would be cashable in 1948 The bonds would not be ne for surance of in debtedness on the insurance If man holding a bond died his es tate could cash it Sugar has more than 70 indus trial uses ARRIVES FOR GOVERNORS George A Wilson is shown on the porch of a Clear Lake shore cot tage where he will spend his vacation following a con tinuous 7month session in Washington D C Both he and benator B B Hickenlooper arrived in time for the Gover Brkfe Thursdar through Sunday Mc Senator Wilson Takes Stand Against KMuctioffi of Taxes Says U S Departments Must Operate Within Congressional Funds An economy program and in creased taxation should be the foremost concerns of the session of congress convening in January in the opinion of Senator George A Wilson of Iowa now vacation ing at Clear Lake Increased taxation is not a sub ject on which his brother republi cans will see eye to eye with him admitted the lowan obviously tired physically from the 7month grrind of fhe present session He has as obviously aged durinf his wartime service far more than the years would justify First of all we must do away with deficit spending declared the senator And secondly we must enact legislation to compel the government departments to live within their congressional ap propriations Deficiency appropri ation bills should be outlawed Tax reduction has no rhyme or reason in the face of our debt of 5280000000000 he insisted add ing that he will continue to advo cate a national sales tax There will be a S2000000000tt deficit this year he continued and the same people who would bene fit by tax reduction would suffer from a drop in the value of gov ernment bonds such as occurred after the last war Turning to the OPA controversy Senator Wilson said that he voted against both the first and 2nd bills sent to the president but that he considered the first more work able from the standpoint of ad ministration Decrying the philosophy ot regimenting the people under a bureaucracy the lowan said his opposition to the first bill was based on the increased prices al lowed manufacturers which re tailers would have been forced to absorb wholely or in part because of OPAs reluctance to allow in creases in retail prices Even the law now in effect will result in chaos he said because prices can be changed every 30 days and noone is able to plan his future production under such con ditions Now that it is a law how ever it is our duly as citizens o try to make it work He mentioned the 6 per cent in crease allowed by OPA in the ice of farm machinery as a good example of his objections to the present law The farmers purchas ing power is not allowed to in crease he explained but his costs go up regardless The farmers money in the bank is no reason for penalizing him the senator continued It repre sents a businesslike reserve to re aside reserves to replace capital investments No little of his physical weari ness was blamed by Wilson on the oppressive heat in Washington 1 C during recent weeks Air conditioning of the senate cham ber and offices only accentuates ones discomfort at night he ex plained and he found it Impossible to get sufficient rest The reorganization measure un der which the senate has been streamlined so that no senator will have more than 2 committee memberships will cut down the work considerably he saidHe ex pects to retain his membership on the committee on agriculture he admitted since he presumably will be 4th in seniority among the re publican members Secretary of State Byrnes and Senator Vandenburg have been doing excellent work in their ne gotiations with Russia Britain and France Wilson said declaring that there has been too much loose talk about Russia on both sides A firm policy must be pursued with Russia he explained but yond that Americans would do well to put a leash on their tongues either as tocriticism of Russia or of our state departments handling of the negotiations Byrnes should not be subjected to criticism he should either be supported or re Placed He is as anxious as ever to see the United Nations organization work Wilson said recalling that he offered a resolution calling lor a similar organization in 1943 when we were in our very best bar gaming position Senators Wilson and B B Hick enlooper have both arrived at Clear Lake and are expected to at tend festivities in connection with Governors days at the lake Thursday through Sunday Senator Wilson and his family are occu pying the same cottage on the lake front at the foot of Walnut street that they had last summer Iowa Polio Victim Davenport Mary Ann Kouski 7 daughter of Mr and Mrs Frank Kouski of MatherviUe 111 died in Scott county isolation hospital Wednesday of poliomy elitis Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Widely scattered showers Thursday night Cooler Friday Iowa Generally fair Thursday night and Friday Cooler Friday and in west portion Thursday night Minnesota Fair and cooler Thurs day night and Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Thursday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 1 82 68 73 93 70 Plan Probe of Big Spending in Industries Washington h a i r m a n Mead DN Y said Thursday the senate war investigating commit tee will dig into the boom spend ing of wartime years in the auto motive aircraft aluminum and shipbuilding industries before drafting recommendations to pre possible future frauds We want to get the complete Picture before making our report he told reporters The committee is in a brief breathing spell after a month of public hearings con centrated chiefly upon the oper ations of he Garsson munitions combine Mead declined to disclose the identity of any particular company in the industries he mentioned which would be scrutinized He emphasized however that the committee is determined to check up on the governments investment in plants greatly expanded for war production The committee will meet in ex ecutive session Friday to map plans for the immediate future Committee Counsel George Meader meanwhile said that his investigators more than a year ffo had looked into the opera tions of the Hayes Manufacturing company of Grand Rapids Mich which said wing panels to the Brewster Aeronautical corpora tion as a subcontractor Meader said there is a possibil ity that the committee is interested in illustrating the practice of some government contractors in switch ing from costplus to fixed price contracts to avoid government audits One company or a group of companies may be used as the illustration Mead said that as a result of publicity concerning premature bursling of some chemical mortar shells which killed some Ameri can soldiers in battle of the Bulge the committee had received more than 50 communications from officers and enlisted men having knowledge of the failures Without disclosing the names of the signers the committee made public excerpts from three of them One from the former com mander of a chemical warfare supply depot said that on num erous occasions we were unable to make any shipments to the front because all of our stock upwards of 100000 shells were all impounded He wrote that he knew of at least 50 defective lot numbers which were impounded and that between July of 1945 and VJ Day more than 500000 of the shells were being reworked to correct the defects in them so that they could be reshipped to the Pacific theater Truman Signs Atom Energy Control Bill Washington Legislation setting up the machinery for civil ian control of domestic develop ment of atomic energy became law Thursday with President Tru mans signature The law 1 Creates a fivemember all commission for overall civilian control with a general manager Handling the commissions admin istiative work 2 Sets up fou divisions to work with the com mission 3 Gives the government a virtual monopoly on inventions and patents in the field of atomic energy and 4 Provides the death penalty for major violation committed with intent to injure the United States The commission members and the general manager will be ap pointed by the president subject to senate confirmation The mem bers and the general manager wil be paid a year with the chariman receiving Mr Truman lold a news con ference Thursday that he expects to announce the commission mem bership as soon as he has obtained acceptances from asked to serve those he has Equalize Iowa Corn DCS IWoines state tax commission reported Thursday that it has equalized Iowa corn al 60 cents a bushel for tax assess ment purposes this year Last yeai the base was 50 cents a bushel The commission also moved th assessed valuation of wheat up from 70 cents to 75 cents a bushel Assessed values on other farm products were unchanged The art of cutting and polishing precious stones was scarcely de veloped before the middle 18th century SEVERAL ITEMS Ceilings on Other Foods Left Under Control to Take Effect August 5 Des Moines re establishment of ceiling prices on fruits and vegetables sold in Iowa was announced Thursday by the office of price administration Ceilings on other foods left under control in the new OPA act will take effect Aug 5 Almost half of he average familys food budget stilt is under control under the new law said Walter D Kline Iowa OPA direc tor He said OPA will begin immedi ately to make upward price ad justments ordered by congress and commented lowans can be assured that these legal price adjustments and uncontrolled inflation are quite different things Decontrol of items will be on a gradual basis as com pared to the sudden spiral of prices without control Immediate changes of numerous prices was certain After the orig inal controls expired bananas and oranges doubled in price in some stores Now they are re turned to the old ceilings OPA also returned beer to price control with 12ounce bottle prices ranging from 11 to 16V4 cents for various brands for offpremises consumption Sales at S5 to a case were reported following ex piration of OPA last June 30 The new fruit and vegetable prices are effective in all of Iowa except Lyon Osceola counties They apply to Group 1 and 2 stores with Groups 3 and 4 to be supplied with slightly lower price ceilings The price ceilings Apples Northwestern states all varieties 15 cents a pound all others 14 cenfs American 11 cents a pound Mexican 10 cents cents a pound Pears Except Forclle and cents a pound Cantaloupe and honeydew mel cents a pound and Ari zona white 11 cents a pound Florida white and Texas pink 9 cents Texas white 8 cents and Ari zona 13 cents a pound Florida and Texas 10 cents a pound Green cents a pound Carrots With full tops cents for a bunch weighing 1 pound or more clipped tops un der 4 8 cents a pound no tops cents a pound Lettuce Iceberg head 12 cents a pound ail other heads 11 cents leaf lettuce field grown 11 cents Dry onions over 3 White 9 cents a pound yellow and red 7 cents Dry onions iy to 3 inches cents a pound cents a pound Sweet 15 cents a pound all others M cents Tomatoes Bulk ungraded original 15 cents a pound bulk graded and repacked 17 cents a pound These products will not be un der control Meats poultry eggs dairy products grains soybeans and soybean oil products such as mayonnaise salad dressings oleo margarine and vegetable shorten ings Under price control will be pro cessed meat products containing less than 20 per cent meat grain products such as breakfast cereals corn syrup bread flour corn meal and oat meal canned foods packed in oils hay rice and all grains not specifically exempted and all other food items that were under controls June 30 Kline said used car prices now are rolled back 4 per cent below their June 30 levels A 4 per cent rollback had been made Jan 1 ELLING BUYS GARNER PAPER Garner Leader and Signal has been purchased by C D Elling Des Moines Mrs W G Williams editor and publisher of the newspaper announced Thurs day Elling who was discharged from service last month with the rank of major will take possession im mediately The new publisher a University of Iowa graduate is wellknown around Garner as he is the son of Mrs Alice Elling Garner and he attended the local high school Mrs Williams continued to pub lish the Garner Leader and Signal after death of her husband in 1940 Mr Williams purchased the newspaper in 1926
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