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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 31, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MAKES ALL NORTH 1OYVANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Pull Leased MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 31 II Released American A Russians as Spies Molotov Advocates Franco Regime End officers who were released American A ftft iuehudy rug nt by the RuKsisnc kL flUV fmhl Boost Farm Machinery Price Ceiling Washington its first of ficial action under the new price control law OPA Wednesday authorized an average six per cent increase in retail ceilings for all farm machinery and replacement Darts heW their knowledge they are not be ing held in the Russian zone Gen Joseph T McNarney American commander In the Euro pean theater reported July 21 tha Marshal VasiHy Sokolovsky hi soviet counterpart on the allied control council had assured him 10 days before that any Ameri cans in Russian custody would b released as soon as they could b located All I can say is that the Rus sians have told us they dont hav these officers and that when the do find them they will retur them McNarney said at the time In view of the fact that a ver senior Russian commander as sured me of this I must accept it Cobin and Wyatt who their experiences at a press con ference in the presence of U S army staff and intelligence offi cers said the Russians had treate them well but had questionfi them almost daily and at grea length in an attempt to ascertain whether they were secret agents At one time they were official charged with being spies ani signed statements denying th charges they said The officers said they were ar rested July 4 at Oranienburg 2 miles north of Berlin where the declared they went to try to visi the former nazi concentration camp of Sachsenhausen Both as serted they were unaware of re ports that the Russians are nov using that camp for political pris oners nrovedli mar resti all their moverneHts while i custodybeing in completely blackedout au tomobiles Through out their detention they were kep separated and were questionec separately by the Russians Cobin who was born in Russia said he was questioned entirely in Hus sian Both men said they had re peatedly requested the Russians to notify American authorities o their whereabouts us Cobin they would do so has been i in y 401 workers were provided in a con tract signed Tuesday by the Des P as Monies Laundry Owners Ex MM Local 104 the Laun Des Moines Laundry Workers Pay Boosted DCS Mo 1 n e s creases for approximately wor Frank Spuzello business repre intative of the union said the agreement provided 65 cents an Sour as a minimum wage for laundry workers and a raise of 10 cents an hour for dry clean Tile scale for dry cleaners now ranges from 68 cents to 5125 Laundry workers have been get ting 55 cents an hour as a mini mum Scotch Whisky in U S New York freighter tucadia from Glasgow clocked here Tuesday with 25000 cases of Scotch whisky consigned to U S A large tin ore deposit in Ni I geria Africa covers an area of i II thousand square miles Weather Report FORECAST 1 Mason City Clearer Wednesday night continued warm Thurs day Generally lair Wednesday a night and Thursday Warmer east and central portions Wednesday night and east por tion Thursday Uinnesota Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday with a few widely scattered thunder storms north and central Warmereast and central Wednesday night Cooler north i west Thursday IN MASON CITY weather statistics Wednesday morning 3 84 61 At 8 a m Wednesday 70 AH AGO Vlaximum 82 linimum 69 The increase effective immedi ately restores dealers peacetime required by ihe revival act OPA had reduced the margins of retailers last May 10 when it E55V 10 er cent increase in and wholesalers manufacturers price ceilings In the case of farm machinery to absorb half asor half of this while on replacement parts they had to absorb the full iu pec cent increase The 10 per cent price boost pre viously granted to manufacturers and wholesalers distributors re mains unchanged under Wednes days action f the two per cent handling and transfer charge for distributors This had been eliminated under the old law In the offing is a boost in cot OPA has agreed to raise textile ceilings an average of about 16 per cent Iowa Tot Killed Bayard Lee Rob rison J Bayard was killed Tues ay night when a car driven by his father Wilbur a farmer up set m a ditch east of here MINORITY WITH MAJORITY POLL Red Minister Fighting for 23rds Voting Rule in Peace Conference Paris Foreign Min ister V M Molotov in a speech to the Pans peace conference Wed nesday called upon democratic countries of the world to put an end to the Franco regime of Spain It is impossible to safeguard peace said Molotov unless fas cism is destroyed The soviet foreign niinister spoke after an appearance before the conference rules committee at which he fought to establish a twothirds majority voting rule for the conference of 21 nations be cause he said If all decisions were by simple majority the U S S R would be sure to find itself always in the minority He found qualified support in lis fight in U S Secretary of State Byrnes who an American informant said will propose Thursday that a twothirds ma jority vote be necessary for ap proval of essential and substantive matters Referring to the draft treaties for the former enemy states under consideration by the conference Molotov spoke mostly in generali ties He declared that he sympa thized with Germanys satellites buythey must not go unpunish He said they were being asked to pay only a part of the damage they hadinflicted and thatthe Soviet Union was opposedto any outside interference that would hamper their economic recovery Physicists believe that the sun will continue to give off heat and light for about 50 billion years ed U S Group on Palestine Called Home Washington Tru man Wednesday directed the American cabinet committee in London to return to Washington to review the whole Palestine problem in detail A white house statement said inat the president took this sCep in view of the complexity of the problem which includes Amer ican pleas for the immigration of 100000 Jews into Palestine The president it was that further discussions win al leviate the situation of the perse cuted Jews in Europe and con tribute to the ultimate solution of the longterm problem of Pales tine In London Wednesday the British government announced that AngloAmerican experts who have been studying the matter proposed to split Palestine into Jewish and Arabian areas Britain accepted the proposal as a way toward settling the mat ter it was announced but Mr Truman called home the American representatives for discussion in detail Most of the objections to the immigration of the 100000 Jews have come from the The president went over the problem Tuesday afternoon with Secretary of War Patterson Sec retary of the Treasury Snyder and Dean Acheson acting secretary of state Patterson was an unsched uled visitor to the white house again Wednesday Grady and his group have been acting as representatives of these three departments in their nego tiations at London 86 Iowa Polio Cases Des Moines state health department reported Wed nesday hat the number of polio myelitis cases reported in Iowa this year has risen to 86 Fifty nine of the cases have been re ported during July compared with such cases in July a only six year ago J JU JJltlJlT VjrC Quick Shave Champ Palisades Park N J Churchill 24 a bachelor from Charlpttesvilie Va was crownec quick shave champion of the worlt Wednesday He covered a latlv eredstubble course in 1 minute 1 seconds Churchill edged out 18 other safety and straight razor wielders before a crowd of 500 spectators Tuesday night Atom Bomb Lived Up to ExpectationsHickenlooper nfrtw I The atom bomb is fully as powerful as it ever was reliably reported to be the rDport of Sen o en Hickenlooper of Iowa to the senate atomic energy committee of which he was the only member to attend the recent tests at Bi m The somewhat general feeling eng on the part of the public particu larly after Ihe first atom bomb test at Bikini that it was not as destructive as expected is without foundation according to the Iowa senator now vacationing at Clear Lake It is by many times the most powerful explosive ever produced my man declared the senator T7 sank 5 sniPs m an explosion several hundred feet in the a he added pointing out that no bomb previously has sunk even one armored warship except by a lucky hit in a vital spot and none from several hundred feet in the Hickenlooper saw the aerial ex plosion from Ihe mast of a war ship about 18 miles away and Ihe a when ator and Mrs Hickenlooper at Bex witii Sen David 13 A daughter jfne 17 fa their Son 2nd p underwater explosion from an airplane about 7 miles away at 7500 feet altitude His outstanding impression of either test was demonstration the fact that the intense heat from the explosion traveled with the speed of light causing instantan eous combustion of iriammable materials at considerable distance He praised those in charge of the organization of the test for the perfect precision with which it was carried out and emphasized the immense amount of material and the great numbers of person nel on Kwajalein island head quarters for the operation The senator expressed his dis satisfaction with the OPA bill which finally was signed by the president with the statement that the country still will have OPA restricted production I have never wished to see price control tossed suddenly out the window particularly rent con trol he declared but he insisted that the senate bill which the president vetoed would have been better for the country There must be a time when we return to a free economy the senator explained and there is bound to be a 60 or 90 day period of confusion when we do By Sept 1 under the vetoed sen ate bill prices would have leveled off at 3 consistent and reliable level he declared emphasizing the importance of a stable and re liabel market Prices would have been higher he admitted but probably not higher than they will be under OPA ccilinss which nave been increasing for some time If prices should get too high people will use substitutes he in sisted Thats the law of supply and demand The senate bill would have left the controls off meat dairy pro ducts petroleum and tobacco all in long position he said cal iing attention to the testimony of Ihe secretary of agriculture that east 8 million cattle should be liquidated from the unusual num bers resulting from wartime food production If we dont liquidate that many we wall break every feeder in the country he said contending that the law of supply and demand would stabilize the price of meat at a reasonable level if left atone He admitted that cutting cattle production at this time would make less food available for starv ation areas but in his opinion this s not the time to take upon our selves the relief of habitual famine areas such ss China and India of Newspaper Service at SUI IP A President Sells Wayerly Interests to Grawe G Moeller o the Bremer County Jndependen and Waverly Democrat staff has been named head of the newly created Bureau of Newspaper Service in the University of Iowa school of journalism at Iowa City it was announced Wednesday Moeller for 18 years a Wavcrlj publisher and now president o the Iowa Press association has sold his Waverly newspaper inter ests to F C Grawe of Waverly and plans to move to City soon to take up his new work in the early fall Dr Wilbur Schramm head of the school journalism has announ ced that Moeller will be in charge of training for work on weekly newspapers and much of the work in newspaper management The function of the Bureau of Newspaper Service Dr Schramm said will be to make the re sources of the University as useful as possible to the newspapers ol the state It will collect informa tion sponsor research arrange conferences and clinics and make a continuing study of the employ ment and special training needs of the state press The school of journalism is the third largest in the United Stales with more than 900 students en rolled Moeller was named president of the Iowa Press association of which more than 400 Iowa news papers are members at its annual meeting this spring For the pre ceding year he had served as icepresident being elected to that post in 1945 while on duty with the navy in the Aleutians rle has been a director of the Iowa Press association since 1939 He has been associated with the Sremer County Independent at Waverly since 1927 after having previously been with the Spencer fewsHerald and the New Hamp ton Gazette and since 1931 has also been managing editor of an associate weekly the Waverly Democrat In AVorld War II Moeler served in the navy as an air combat in telligence officer for 28 months 22 months of which was spent on Atlu with Fleet Air Wing Four carrying out bombing and pholo Rraphic flights against the Kurilcs For 11 months Moeller was staff intelligence officer for Rear Ad miral Ralph F Wood command ing the wing Mocller held Ihe rank of lieutenantcommander when released lo Inactive duty In October 1945 At Waverly he has been active in community affairs serving as county Boy Scout chairman and on the area executive committee and as secretary and treasurer of When we have taken care of the unusual famine areas existing in Europe at present and have gotten food production back to normal m this country that would be the time to consider therelief of habitual famine areas LESLIE G MOELLER Waverly Homes Inc a commun ity housing corporation He is now vicepresident of the Waverly Rotary club and a vicepresident of the Chamber of Commerce Moeller was graduated from the Jmversity of Iowa school of lournalism in 1925 whan he and Urs Moeller the former Dorothy Wilson of Mason City were two members of the first class of three Jersons to receive certificates in Journalism RUSH ANTITOXIN TO TROOP SHIP 1 Person Dead Others Stricken by Diphtheria Boston VP Wilh one dead others stricken and a diphtheria ipidemic feared the coast guard Wednesday rushed antitoxin by air to Ihe Iroop ship Colby Victory everal hundred miles off Argcn ia Nfld and enroute lo Bremer haven Germany An airsea rescue plane bearing ncdicat supplies from New York andcd at Salem Mass took board additional antitoxin and lew on to the Icndlcase air base t Argentia There the supplies vill be transferred to another and flown fo the ship The coast guard estimated the iipplies would reach the Colby evening The antitoxin supplied here was urnished by the Massachusetts tate health department With the upphes brought from New York t was placed aboard a PBM sea lane for the flight to Argentia The coast guard said the actual elivcry of the medical supplies vould be made with a Flvine ortress e A speciallyrigged parachute equipment will be used to drop he supplies packed in a watcr ight package to the deck of the ITALY FINLAND BALKEN STATES CUT BY PACTS Reds Get Substantial Territorial Gains in Big 4 Treaty Drafts Paris IP Russia emerged Wednesday as the principal bene ficiary of proposed peace treaties which would strip Italy Finland and beaten Germanys Balkan satellites of their military power redraw their frontiers and charge them at least a billion dollars in reparations The treaty drafts presented fo the 21nalion peace conference Tuesday iiifihd by the Big 4 agreed upon substantial territorial in creases for the soviet union upon payment of In repara tions to Russia and left Russias domination of eastern Europe in tact In certain disputed sections of the treaty drafts however it seemed apparent that the western powers intend lo try to whittle down some of the Russian gains in the east at least in economic mat ters The United States and Britain want the vital Danube river opened to trade on a basis of com plete equality while Russia wants nothing said in any of the treaties about freedom of navigation on the Danube The 3 western mem bers of the Big 4 also want most favored nation status for all al lied nations in commercial deal ings with the 5 defeated nations while Russia would exempt all fields closed to private enterprise and would make exceptions for neighboring states Under the proposed which would end the state of war in Europe except for Germany and which would dffer the 5 nations concerned an opportunity lo enter the Uniled nf he defeated countries would be al lowed any bombine planes or sub marines and would be required to guarantee fundamental human riehts am to bar fascist activity The military machines o all would be reduced to a vestige of power and the treaty drafts di rected tile 5 beaten countries fo cooperate for the purpose of in suring against any German re armnment in the future The atom bomb was not mentioned in the treaty drafts but rocket bombs would be outlawed The proposed t r e a t i e pages in a peace lo Italy Romania Bulgaria Fin land and Hungary which was mild m tone and largely so in demands except for reparations and upon Italy s empire and border real estate The drafts offered little vital change in the troubled status quo for withdrawal of Rus sian occupation troops from the Balkans and BritishAmerican forces from Italy Russia atone of the major pow ers would win 000000 from Italy 5300000 000 each from Finland and Romania and 5200000000 from Hungary To ihe last award however the United Slates has entered some unpublished reservations repre sented by a halfpage scissored out of the Ircaly draft Bulgarias reparations have nol been settled and the Kalian figure Is a partial one Hungary would be required to pay another 5100000009 to Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia On the other side of the finan cial ledger the Russians objected to clauses granting United Nations citizens full compensation for losses incurred in defeated coun tries and proposed instead that compensation be limited to a third of the losses The Soviet Union also objected to having assets of defeated na tions in United Nations countries and Germany subject to seizure to meet U S French and British claims and asked that such assets be restored to the beaten coun tries Territorial clauses in the 5 drafts also held advantage for Russia In the case of Italy S small laslern Venezia Giuiia would go io Yugoslavia the Dodecanese islands Jo Greece the African colonies would meet some unde cided fate and the port of Trieste would be internationalized under United Nations supervision The starling point for the ter ritorial changes for well as for Ihe border unc of Jan 1 Mun for Romania Bulgaria and Finland the changes were based on the frontiers of Jan 1 1941 while the Germansoviet pact was still in force This meant allied confirmation of Romanias 1940 cession of Bes sarabia to cession which was withdrawn after Germanys nvasion of well as of
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