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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: July 20, 1946 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1946, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME r Q HISTORY AK3 ARCHIVES 110 IKES JA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Preu aoJ United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 20 194G This Paper ConstiU ol Two One NO 244 PEARL HARBOR BLAME Russians Reveal Kaltenbach Is Dead FORMER lOWAlf IN SOVIET PRISONER CAMP Native of Dubuque Was Sought by Americans for Nazi War Activity Berlin Russians in formed U S army headquarters Saturday that Fred W Kaltenbach 51yearold lowan long sought by the Americans as a traitor for broadcasting nazi war propaganda from Germany died last October in a soviet detention camp A red army major general trans mitted the information in a letter to the American intelligence sec tion which previously had tried in vain to learn his fate after his ar rest by the Russians more than a year ago Kaltenbach the Lord Hee Haw of radio Berlin died of natural causes at a camp in the soviet oc cupation zone of Germany the letter said The exact cause was not specified but it was known that he had been ill with a heart ailment and asthma for at least 18 months before Germany fell Kaltenbach was one of 8 Ameri cans indicted June 26 1943 by a District of Columbia grand jury on charges ol treason for broadcasting axis propaganda during the war A native of Dubimue Iowa he held a master of arts degree from the University of Chicago and a doctorate of philosophy from the i University of Berlin He special ized on affairs of Germany where both Ms parents were born c discharged as a high I school teacherIn Uubiique after I He organized a riazi group among Ithe students according to infor jmaUon in Washington He was an officer in the first Work but after going to Germanj tie married a German girl anc up support of Hitlers cause Kaltenbach spent his boyhood Waterloo Iowa and last vis ited that city in trip he laid was made at the expense 0 she German government to visi iis ailing father Throughout his years of broad jasting for the reich heshowed iuch interest in Iowa He wa card several times to address his marks to the folks back homj i Iowa Once he said Please ve my regards to the folks back ome in Ottumwa and Waterloo Kaltenbach was graduated in 114 from Waterloos East high hool and then attended Grinncl owa college After serving as a ast artillery first lientenan om June to November 1918 h itered Iowa State Teachers col ge in Cedar Falls and reoeivel js bachelors degree in 1919 I He worked for a Waterloo company until 1930 whervh gan a teaching career whicl lok him to Manchester Iowa an lubuque His widow the former Doro jvea Peters of Koeslin Pome jinia said in an interview at her apartment last July tha altenbach became a tool of naz ipaganda through a whim Jhich led him to study the terms jnposed on Germany by the Ver ailles treaty She said she had heard nothin from him since Russian officers Joofc him away Fred was proGerman but h fiever joined the nationalist social 1st party she said Nor was I although American news have called me that The Boy Scouts will collect yon I Waste Paper Saturday Jnly 27 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair with moderat temperatures and Sunday Saturday nigh I Iowa Fair with moderate temper atures Saturday and Saturda night Sunday fair slightly high er afternoon temperatures Minnesota Fair Saturday nigh and Sunday Slightly warme west portion Sunday i IN MASON CITY f GlobeGazette weather Jfor 21 hour period ending at Saturday morning Maximum II Minimum At 8 a m Saturday IfYEARAGO Maximum Minimum PICKET FOR LOWER MEAT PRICESHousewives and children are shown picketing a chain store in Detroit Friday in an attempt to reduce weekend meat purchases in a pro test against higher prices AP Wirephoto Report Consumers Boycotts Showing Scattered Effects But PricesContinue OP A NEAR SOLUTION Time Element Only Sticker Remaining Washington IP Senatehouse negotiators showed signs of reaching an agreement Saturday in a compromise OPA revival bill The conference apparently was livided only on the time element nvolved in a proposal presented by senate agents under which price controls would remain off major foods for a period They would be restored then unless a proposed 3 man board found further price ceilings to be un needed The senate group suggested a 30 day period before the board could act House conferees coun tered with a suggestion that the date for reimposition of controls under the plan be set at Aug 15 Chairman Spence DKy of the house banking committee said IE thought an agreement could be carved out Saturday Rep Wol cott expressed similar optimism If an agreement were reached on the basis of either the senate or house proposal there would be no price on such major food items as meat poultry eggs dairy products wheat and some minor commodities for some spe cific period after the bill became whatever time is agreed law At upon all controls would be re vived automatically unless the projected recontrol board found prices had not jumped too high and that supplies were large enough to meet the demand for the affected commodity This board would be named by the president and its members confirmed by the senate Senator Radclffe member of the senate conferees said that he Democratic Leader Barkley Senator Downey and Senator Taft ROhio had voted to submit the compromise propos al to the house members with Senators Wagner DN and Millikin opposing the move Senator Tobey RN H was absent With both Barkley and Taft sup porting the proposal Radcliffe said it apparently represented the nearest approach to a compromise that the senate group has been able to agree upon House mem bers closeted themselves immedi ately to study amendment the suggested Barkley refused to give up hope saying There is a haze over the horizon that looks like a glimmer of light Meanwhile in case OPA is to cut from OPA operat ing funds and to ban use any of the money for propaganda in support of price control The agency appropriation was put at instead of to Soar in Many of Nations Communities By TOOTED PRESS Consumers boycotts protesting food prices continued hroughout the nation Saturday ut except in scattered instances ittle effect was noted At least one meat packer sig lified approval of the boycotts 1 M Foster president of John and Co at Ottumwa Iowa said When prices are ab lormally high people can discrim nate in their purchases or buy substitutes or do without In that manner he said we achieve more effective price con trol than any OPA promulgate in a thousand years Meanwhile prices continued to soar high above former OPA ceil ng prices in many communities At Baltimore Md pork was selling from 49 to 55 cents a pound compared to the OPA ceil ing of 36 to 40 cents Beef and steak formerly 33 to 38 cents sold at 69 to 85 cents a pound Veal and lamb were as high as 70 cents over OPA ceilings Baltimore butchers said they had a plentiful supply of beef and pork however and expected prices to drop slightly in the near future They said they had han dled very Jittle veal and lamb during the past week At Boston Mass meat prices ranging from 50 to 60 per eenl higher than the OPA ceiling prices were reported Meat was stiK scarce and customers reportedly were buying what they could get without bothering to ask prices A survey at Salt Lake City Utah showed that retail prices for meat had dropped several a pound from last weeks high A spokesman for the wholesale meat division of the Merchant and Manufacturers associat ion a Washington said that the nations capital wa now getting 80 per cent of the normal meat supply Reiailers were resisting high prices and prices were beginning fo drop slightly he said Consumers began organized boy cotts in several cities Friday At Chicago the Chicago indus trial union council called for a buyers slowdown among iu 200000 members Michael Mann head of the council said the action was a protest against the emas eolation of price control and an effort to crush Inflation in Amer ica Walter Reuther president of the United Automobile Workers said at Detroit that a UAWsponsored buyers strike hat caused a drop in the sales am prices of meat He asked house wives to make a special effort t avoid the usual weekend mea buying At Ft Wayne Ind more than 1000 consumers participated in ClOsponsored demonstration t protest price increases States which have called or ar contemplating special sessions o the legislature for the purpose o considering the rent problem in elude Ohio Illinois Iowa and In diana MISSING YANKS HELD BY REDS Report Top Americans Russiansin Conference Berlin top American and Russian officers in Germany vere understood to be conferring isre Saturday on the disappear ance of 2 U S army men who vere reported to be in the hands if the Soviet secret police Responsible sources said Gen roseph T McNarney and Marshal Vassily D Sokolovsky were meet ng to discuss the case ot Capt Harold Cobin of Newark N J and Lt George Wyatt of Oklahoma Jity HOUSE PASSES ATOMIC ENERGY CONTROL BILL Measure Is Sent Into Joint Conference to Settle Differences Washington IP The house passed a muchamended atomic energy control bill Saturday send ing it to a senatehouse confer ence for adjustment of differences between the 2 chambers The vote was 265 to 79 Passage followed almost 5 days of debate during which the sen ates control bill was changed by a long list of amendments Major house changes provided for military representation on the proposed 5member atomic energy control commission for a military man at the head of the military application division for authority for the armed forces to make atomic bombs under certain con ditions and for the death penalty for most serious violations A short time before Hie house rejected a move to pigeonhole the control bill until next year The motion to send the bill back to the military committee would have had the effect of putting the bill on the shelf for this session The passage sends it to a sen atehouse conference since the house adopted numerous amend ments The motion to recommit the bill was defeated 195 to 146 The horje shouted into atomic energy legislation Saturday an amendment requiring an FBI loy alty check for all persons con nected in any way with atomic energy development Donderos amendment would re quire the FBI to apply a loyally check to all persons associated in any capacity with the develop ment and control of atomic en ergy under the proposed 5 mem ber atomic energy control com mission The bill included these main provisions Overall Controls By a five member commission appointed FALLS ON KIMMEL AND SHORT IN CONGRESS PROBE REPORT FERGUSON AND BREWSTER SAY FDR AT FAULT ADMIRAL KIMMEL GENERAL SHORT sfe Summary of Report By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Majority of senatehouse investigating democrats 2 Commend President Roosevelt say he made every possible ef fort to avert war Find no evidence that Roosevelt provoked Japan into attacking S Place primary blame for Pearl Harbor unreadiness on military ommanders in Washington and Hawaii Minority of 2 Hold Roosevelt chiefly responsible Say President Truman impeded inquiry Majority Tighter controls against spies Unified commands at militarynaval outposts Integration of army and navy intelligence Reports of the conference at the lighest level in this country fol owed predictions by American of icers that only intercession in that category would liberate the army officers Earlier Saturday a military spokesman said Cobin and Wyatt vere seized by the Russian secret lolice who still held them despite he persistent efforts to negotiate the armys heir release A spokesman for criminal investigation division said it had specific details which convinced authorities that Cobin and Wyatt were prisoners of the NKVD or Soviet secret police The details were withheld for the time being in order not to im pair any value they may have in any further bargaining with the Russians for he release of the men The spokesman said the CID earned that Cobin and Wyatt lever reached nearby Oranien aurg their destination when they boarded a train jn Berlin July 4 Instead he said NKVD agents re moved them from the train at Birkenwerder a northern suburb of Berlin Warrant Officer and Mrs Sam uel Harrison who were released this week after 15 days in Rus sian hands were seized at Birken werder the CID spokesman said It now appears obvious that the Russians took our people pris oners in retaliation for our cap turing 3 of their agents the CID spokesman said by the president and confirmed by the senate with at least one of the members a representative of the armed forces The senate made no provision for a military member Organization Under the control commission would be a 15000a ycar general manager to handle administrative and executive func tions Appointed by the president with the approval of the senate his term of office would be indef inite Four divisions would serve with the commission They woulc deal with research production engineering and military applica tion and each would be headed by a director appointed by the commission The military application division would be headed by the commission The military application division would be headed by a member of the armed forces under the house bill by a civilian under the senate pro posal For advisory purposes the commission would have the as sistance of nine civilians appointee by the president for sixyear term and paid aday for time ac tually on duty Production of Fissionable Ma tcrial used in releasing atomii energy it would be unlawful fp any person except under rigid commission control to own o produce fissionable materials or tc own facilities for their produc tion The commission would b Austrians Claim Reds Have Seized Harvest Vienna sources reported Saturday that the red army has seized more than 50000 acres of land and 72000 tons of newly harvested crops The seizure is similar to an at tempted confiscation of land made by the red army several months ago which was called off due to Austrian protests The current seizures were said to include more than 15000 acres of farm land The remainder was Forest area The Russians the Austrian source said have informed the government that the property which they have seized in eastern Austria includes all that was owned by the Germans both be fore and after March 15 1938 the date of the incorporation of Aus tria into the reich the exclusive owner of all im portant producing facilities ex cept those used in approved re search work The commissio would own all reserve deposits o fissionable material in publi lands Military Application The com mission could do research in th field at atomic weapons and pro Uuce such weapons with approva of the president It would be re quired if the president ordercc to allow the armed forces to mak atomic weapons and to furnish th armed forces with necessary ma terial Utilication of Atomic Energy Licenses would be required fc the use of devices utilizing atom energy they could not be issue until congress had had 90 days t study the projects involved Li censes could not be granted t nonAmerican individuals or in tcrests to foreign governments or to anyone else if the interest of the United States would b jeopardized International Arrange m e n I The proposed law would cease t have effect if atany time it con War Profits rrobers Will Hear Coffee Washington Brew ter a member of the enate warinvestigating commiU ee said Saturday that Hep Cof ee would be asked to explain a 5 ear old campaign contribution from a acoma Wash war contractor Already at Tacoma Coffee had eclarcd I welcome an investigation on he entire matter Brewster aid that the commit ee has already asked the depart ment of justice for its files on an nyestigation which Coffee has aid it made of the contribution Brewster bluntly called Coffees definition the as a cam aign contribution a belated alibi Brewster said of Coffees will ngness for an investigation He certainly will be welcome he more quickly he appears the better At Tacoma Coffee said that the circumstances had been widely published in the state and that the ustice department after its in vestigation found no basis for v Also at Tacoma Contractor Eivind Anderson told the Asso ciated Press There was no evil purpose in he payment of this money x x x was merely trying to achieve something that was highly honor able at the handi caps as it was urgent to get some thing done Anderson explained he had a big building project then under vay at Fort Lewis Wash anc things were not moving fasl The check went to Coffees sec retary at the time Paul A Olson Brewsters office made public transcripts of a photographic copy of letters to Anderson from Cof Fee and Olson These appeared Jn Ihe Tacoma Wash News Tribune on March 5 of this year A copy of the newspaper has been filed with the senate committee Disclosure of the inquiry into the 5 year old contribution came as the senate awaited the reaction from Chairman May DKy o the house military committee t a summons to appear Tuesday to explain under oath his interven tion on behalf of an Illinois muni tions combine In the letter to Anderson Cof fee wrote that his secretary had shown him a slip of paper anc added It is impossible to expres adequately my deep feeling o gratitude for your helpful coop eration lowan Elected Duluth Minn A Young Waterloo Iowa was elect ed vice president of the North western Retail Coal Dealers asso ciation as its annual convention closed here Friday Pau5 M Nau man Dubuque Iowa president was succeeded by A M Dobson of St Cloud Minn flicts with treaty or internationa agreements approved by congress Penalties for Violations minimum of a 55000 fine and maximum of death The senat proposed a maximum penalty o 20 years imprisonment and a fin of a WELCOMES INVESTIGATION John SSI Coffee D said Saturday in a state ment released through his secre tary lie is the congressman in volved in a check case I welcome an investigation of 1he entire matter he said AP Wirephoto 2 INJURED WHEN AUTOS COLLIDE Iowa Falls Couple in Hospital at Hampton and Mrs Byron Hall of Iowa Falls were in a hos ital here Saturday receiving reatment for injuries suffered in an auto accident north of here Friday The Hail car and an auto driven yy Harold Ditch son of Mr and Mrs Oscar Ditch of near Shef field collided on highway 65 north of Harriman parkNeither car turned over but the car driven by Ditch went off the road received cuts and Mrs Hall and Mr Hall suffered chest injuries but the full extent their injuries has not been de crmined Ditch was uninjured The Halls were returning from Clear Lake when the accident oc curred Appoint Iowa Man to National Legion Job Humboldt H Mun son superintendent of the consoli dated school at Whiting for 16 years has been appointed educa tion director of the national re habilitation committee of the American Legion at Washington effective Aug 1 A native of Humboldt Munson was graduated from Morningsidc college and while a student there was an allconference center in football He received his masters degree at Iowa university He is a past district commander of the American Legion and pres ent department chairman of edu cation for Iowa DRIVER FINED Henry Rhine ot Milier was apprehended recently by highway patrolmen and charged with driving with defec tive equipment no tail light or re flector He was fined S5 and costs by Justice R J Fritsch The court suspended 53 of the fine But 8 of 10 Probers Praise Ability and Foresight of Washington Harbor investigators split 8 to 2 Saturday with a democratic republican majority praising the ability and foresight of the late President Roosevelt and 2 republicans in sisting he must bear final respon sibility for the naval disaster Two other republicans joined the S democrats on the senate house committee in reporting to congress that the military com manders fn Washington aniJ Hon olulu were chiefly at fault in fail ing to anticipate the surprise at tack with which he Japanese be gan the war This majority recommended changes in military methods rang ing from unity of command in the field to elimination of brass walls between commanders and their subordinates Senators Brewster RMc and Ferguson RMich concluded in a minority report that the com mittees G month investigation had shown the failure to perform the responsibilities indispensably es sential to the defense of Pearl Harbor rests upon the late Pres ident Roosevelt and Henry L Stimson former sec retary of war the late Frank Knox former secretary of the navy Gen George C Marshall former army chief of staff and Admiral Harold R Stark former chief of naval operations and Maj Gen Leonard T Gerow for mer head of the war plans divi sionof the war department The committee majority headed by senate democratic leader Barkley Ky said committee has found no evidence to support the charges made before and during tlie hear ings that the president the sec rciary of slate the secretary of war or the secretary of the navy tricked provoked incited cajoled or coerced Japan into attacking this nation in order that a declar ation of war might be more eas ily obtained from congress On the contrary all evidence conclusively points to the fact that they discharged their responsibili ties with distinction ability and foresight in keeping with the highest traditions of our funda mental foreign policy Brewster and Ferguson along with the majority said that a share of the blame for the surprise clement in the fleetshattering at tack must go to the Hawaiian commanders Maj Gen Walter C Short and Rear Adm Husband E Kimmel The majority attributed this to errors of judgment and not derelictions of duly the lat ter an offense that might be sub ject to court martial action In a supplement Rep Kecfe KWis expressed his view that the majority report which he signed endeavored to throw as soft a light as possible on the He contended and Admiral Stark each liad Tailed to exercise the care and diligence which his position creauircd The report accused Short and Kimmel the Hawaiian command ers of seven specific failures 1 To discharge their responsi bilities in the light of the warn ings received from Washington 2 To integrate ana coordinate their facilities for defense and to alert properly the army and navy establishments in Hawaii 3 To effect liaison and to exchange fully all significant in telligence 4 To maintain a more effec tive reconnaissance within the limits of their equipment 5 To effect a state of readiness throughout the army and navy establishments designed to meet all possible attacks 6 To employ the facilities ma terial and personnel at their com mand which were adequate at least to have greatly minimized effects of the attack 7 To appreciate the signifi cance of intelligence and other in formation available to them At the same time the majority criticized the navys Washington intelligence division and the war departments war plans division for their handling of intercepted Japanese messages particularly the one which told Tokyos envoys to deliver at I p m Washington time on the Dec 7 1941 attack day a final diplomatic ultimatum NotwHhslanfling the fact that there were officers on 21hour watch he majority said Hie committee believes lhat under all of the evidence the war and navy departments were not sufficiently alerted on Dec 6 1941 in view of the imminence of war Washington scene1 General Marshall   

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