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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 11, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 11 194S Faptr Consists ot Two SectionsSection One No 210 OUSE BACKS CASE MEASURE VETO Lower MEASURE SENT TO SENATE FOR DEBATE AND OK Bill Provides Pay for Leave Time Not Taken by Enlisted Personnel Washington IP The house Tuesday passed 379 to 0 and sent to the senate legislation giving past and present enlisted men and women pay for furlough time they did not receive while in service The legislation sets as a stand ard y days of furlough time each month and permits the ac cumulation of not more than 120 days for which payment must be made in cash Payments are computed at the rate of base pay received at the time of discharge plus allowances of not less than 70 cents a day House military committee mem bers have estimated approxi mately 15000000 service people would receive an average of S250 under the legislation Personnel already discharged would be paid immediately upon their own certification that they are entitled to payments The amount they receive would depend on the amount of accrued furlough time they certify they had at the time of discharge In addition to providing fur lough pay for men and women who served during World war II the legislation prohibits such pay ments in future emergencies to officers or enlisted personnel JACKSON LASHES JUSTICE BLACK Jumps Bully Tactics by Court Colleague Washington unprece dented spectacle of one supreme court justice publicly assailing an other stunned official Washington Tuesday but several lawmakers held it might lead to restoring what they term the lost dignity of the tribunal The bombshell which Justice Robert H Jackson exploded in his blunt attack on Justice Hugo Black projected a longsmoulder ing judicial fcua out into the open and these influential lawmakers thought this could be a good thing in the long run Specifically they said privately congress may order a complete overhaul of court procedure in an effort to minimize bickering on and behind the bench At the moment however the capital buzzed with more immedi ate speculation over whether Jack son and Black intended to con tinue on the high bench despite a virtual state of war between them The situation was without parallel in modern court history Jackson lashed out at Nuern berg Monday night at what he called Blacks bullying tactics He declared his colleague had threatened him with war unless Jackson covered up facts in the portaltaportal mine pay case in which Blacks former law partner represented the victorious United Mine Workers Jackson addressed his complaint to the senateand house judiciary committees but members said they would defer ontherccord comment until the cablegram had been received officially Chairman Hatton W Sumners D Texas of the house group said only that he would submit the document to his committee immediately upon its receipt Most members expressed doubt ihat the committee would even consider impeachment proceed ings which under the constitution must originate in the house and be tried by the senate Purse Thief Uses Unique Snatch Method Chicago Hose Bikle failed to catch a trainriding purse snatcher Monday night She told police she was waiting for a train in a loop subway sta tion when a passenger on another tram leaned out of a window as the train pulled away and seized her purse She told police was in the purse Collects 800 Shakers Bridgewatcr Mass Mrs Edith Hansons hobby is collecting salt and pepper shakers She has about 800 of them HITS NEW ENGLANDCustomers queue up in a bakery in the as a saleswoman doles out available homes in Report Bread Flour Shortage to Last at Least Another Year Agriculture Department Sees Some Improvement in Supplies Next Month Washington Bread and flour shortages for at least an other year was the forecast handed American housewives Tuesday de spite the start on harvesting an other of the nations bumper wheat crops The agriculture department re ported considerable improvement in bread and flour supplies are expected in another month but hardly to the extent needed to meet all domestic and famine re lief demands before the 1947 har vest The bread scarcity in a number of major cities meanwhile verged on the acute stage and an Asso ciated Press survey also disclosed the same held true for meat Soap butter and cooking fats ranked next on the list of increasingly hardtoget items The outlook in the cities cov ered seemed to be that these short ages would grow worse before the situation improved Harvesting of the new wheat crop promised to ease the breadflour picture but complex uncertainties made the prospects dubious for any big im provement in the supply of meats butter or fats In its June crop report issued Monday the agriculture depart ment said the 3rd consecutive bil lionbushel wheat crop and the 3rd largest crop ot record was in dicatcd by conditions prevailing on June 1 The crop estimate was put at 1025509000 bushels or about 25 000000 bushcels more than was indicated a month earlier While about 100000000 bushels below last years record harvest this years crop stands out as a large one in comparison to the 10year 193544 average of 844000000 bushels There still is time for further improvement in production pros in the more northern producing areas where the crop matures it is hardly possible for the final out turn to be large enough to allow consumers all they want The agriculture department ac cordingly went ahead with a wheat conservation program call ing for 1 Continuation of the present 80 per cent flour extrac tion rate 2 Limitation of flour for domestic consumption to 85 per cent of last years level begin ning July 1 compared with 75 per cent for Discourag ing the feeding of wheat to live stock The department also stuck to a previously announced famine ex port goal of 250000000 bushels from the new crop STASSEN FACES NEBRASKA TEST Poll to Show Midwest Isolationist Strength Omaha tested its new primary system Tuesday in an election which held the na tions eye because of a senatorial contest with national implications All signs pointed to an extreme ly light vote possibly the lowest in 35 years despite generally fa vorable weather and the heated senatorial race Principals in the decisive con test for the republican senatorial nomination are 52yearold Dwight Griswold 3term gover nor and incumbent Senator Hugh Butler seeking his 2nd term The national interest arises from beliefs that 1 Griswold is more favorable to international cooperation than the 68yearold Omaha grain deal erand that therefore the election is a test of socalled iso lationist strength 2 Former Minnesota Governor Harold E Stassen has by his vig orous support of Griswold made his own political future an issue A Griswpld politi cal observers say would strengthen Stassens position as a 1948 presidential prospect Italian Royalists Attempt to Burn Red Headquarters NleS raging mob of monarchists using Molotov cock Is Tuesday to burn down the 6story communist ing alter 2 hours of largescale fighting with anarchist and tors building after 2 hours of police In Rome a crowd of 100000 bearing uiiuuiii9t dllttl U11JSL 3QQ the republican tricolors marched on the ri i i T was sitting and vented their archy C delay fa proclaiming an end to the mon Although the 8 streets leading to the Piazza Del Popolo were guarded by policemen armed with submachine guns rifles and short black clubs the republican dem onstration was marred by no in cidents A great cheer arose when the republican white and green perpendicular bars without the shield of the House of Savoy was raised over the viminale pal ace for the first time The firing in Naples began when the monarchist crowd at tempted to storm communist headquarters next door to police headquarters Eyewitnesses giving the firstre port said they saw one man hit by gunfire and that he was so badly wounded he seemed sure to die Naples police and troops fn full war kit and nearly ail armed with automatic weapons used 4 arm ored cars asrainst the crowd but the stubborn demonstrators blocked the wheels the armored vehicles and stopped them It was with difficulty that rein forcements of troops arriving in vehicles with sirens wailing re captured the armored cars The firing began when the crowd after stoning communist headquarters turned to a pile ot empty artillery shells placed as a decoration and started throw ing them at police The Wyoming state seal was adopted Feb 8 1893 SEES BREAK IN MARITIME RIFT Administrator Expects End of Deadlock Soon Washington nego tiations between 7 maritime un ions and shipping operators hit an optimistic note for the first time Tuesday as a government official predicted settlement of the threat enedaationwide within a couple of days Capt GrahVllle Comvay war said that a strike shipping administrator were not going to have He made the statement following a conference with labor depart ment conciliators and members of the ship operators negotiating committee Conway said he thought the first definite break in the dead locked negotiations between rep resentatives of 200000 CIO and independent seamen and ship owners will come Tuesday He said the break did not necessarily mean that a settlement would be will come within a couple of days The strike is set for midnight Friday Conway said that Frank J Tay lor operators negotiations chair man soon will offer a compromise proposal to the unions Although he declined to disclose details he said the proposal had been shown to him and Assistant Secretary of Labor John W Gibson Union representatives and Gib son who is directing negotiations to avert the strike would not comment on Conways remarks Following a 12hour session that lasted until after 2 a m union representatives and east and gulf coast operators adjourned until Tuesday Neither side would dis close whether any progress had been made during the lengthy ses DUBUQUE FIRE TOLL UP TO 17 Find And Bonds in Unlocked Hotel Safe Dubuque Police Tuesday found more than in cur rency and several thousand dol lars worth of war bonds in an un locked safe in the charred ruins of the Hotel Canfield lobby The death toll meantime had risen to 17 in the fire which de stroyed the 200room hostelry early Snnflay and search of the debris for additional bodies con tinued Eleven persons still were missing and IS remained hospital ized with fire injuries Police Chief Joseph H Strub said the in currency was in 3 envelopes An envelope bearing the name V Lagle contained 200 another inscribed Room 437 held and a blank envelope contained 51000 cash John Beck er hotel clerk said earlier that several thousand dollars in ho tel receipts were in the safe Strub said the war bond total had not been computed but would run to several thousand dollars He added that one of the hotels rooms was believed to contain a safe with about worth of jewels The safe has not been found The paper shortage is still acute bave your paper The Boy Scouts will call far H SENATORS VOTE BIG OVERHAUL FOR CONGRESS Measure Provides for 50 Per Cent Pay Rise Plus Pension Privilege Washington ff tradition shattering measure to overhaul the nations lawmaking machin ery rolled over to the house Tues day from a surprise and smashing senate victory Given small chances of getting anywhere only 24 hours auo the bill crossed up capitol hill experts by winning senate approval 49 16 on the final vote and getting a fighting chance to become law this session of congress Besides blueprinting a moderni zation of congress the measure provides for a 50 per cent pay boost for the nations lawmakers plus pension privileges Passage came Monday after the chamber rejected an attempt to limit congressional pensions to the same rate prescribed for civil service workers Senator Byrd D Va claimed the bill would give legislators nearly twice as much Hep Monroney D one of the bills drafting fathers ex pressed hope for a quick and final congressional okay although the house has yet no plans for con sidering the bill As passed by the senate the bill has these major provisions 1 Reduction of the number ot senate standing committees from 33 to 15 to lighten the work load ot lawmakers some of whom serveon 8 or 9 committees 2 Increase in congressional sal aries from to a year 3 Expansion of lawmakers technical and administrative as sistance Each committee would get 4 experts and each lawmak er an a year administrative assistant 4 Creadon of a pension system which would allow a member of congress to contribute voluntarily to the governments retirement fund He would have to pay in 5 per cent of his salary for at least 5 years serve 6 years in congress and be 62 years old before be coming eligible 5 Eliminate many of congress routine tasks such as the neces sity of acting on each damage claim against the government and on each proposal to build a bridge across a navigable stream 6 Tighten fiscal controls by re quiring congress to go on record in favor of an increase in the nation al debt each time estimated ap propriations are above anticipated income for the next fiscal year GARAGIMINHIT BY RIFLE SHOT Charles City Police Chief Henry DeBoest reported M L Nicholson of Charles City is lucky to be alive after being struck by a bullet from a 22 calibre rifle lust over the left eye Nicholson had been working in his garage and came to the door for a breath of fresh air As he did so he was knocked down by a ricocheting rifle bullet Upon arising Nicholson took the bullet from under the skin and went to a physician who used stitches to close the wound DeBoest said he would confis cate all rifles in an effort to stop promiscuous shooting Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday cool er Tuesday night Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered showers along the southern bor der cooler Tuesday night and in south portion Wednesday aiinnesola Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler south portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Minimum At 3 a m Tuesday 90 68 77 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 60 49 SMALL MARGIN OF 5 BALLOTS KILLS MEASURE Truman Decides Against Case Bill in Special Message to Congress Washington house up leld President Trumans veto of he hotlyargued Case labor bill Tuesday by a margin 5 in a 390 vote roll call A biff majority of the members to override the presi dent as compared with 135 who voted to sustain him But a tuo thirds majority was needed to override and send the measure to the senate for action Voting to make the bill law not withstanding Mr Trumans ob jections wore 159 republicans and 96 democrats Voting to sustain the president were 118 democrats 15 republicans one progressive and one Americanlaborite Shouts of approval came from the democratic side when the re sult was announced There were GROCER DISCOVERS NEW Rotbart Washington D C grocer and amateur astronomer stumbled on a new comet during a routine search of the heavensand has caused a stir in the astronomical world that is not hkely to die down until all details of the celestial tody are a matter of record Experts at the naval observa tory confirm ihe discovery and are tracking the newcomer to be given Rotbarts name Price Control Uncertainty Will Keep Goods Off Market CPA Official Expects Withholding Practice Until Law Is Settled Washington Ver ner a CPA official said Tuesday that widespread withholding clothing and other goods from the market until July 1 is inevitable because of uncertainty about price control legislation Verner chief of the civilian pro duction administrations compli ance division made this statement in an interview as the senate pre pared to open debate on a bill to extend OPA one year beyond June 30 but with sharply trimmed auth ority over prices Simultaneously an OPA official who asked anonymity disclosed that price administrator Paul Por ter has ordered a halt to removal of price controls on any major commodities until congress has taken final action on the OPA bill This official said Porter be lieves it would be unwise to lift ceilings on any important item before congress decides what the governments price policy is going to be Specifically the official said this will delay elimination of con trols on crude oil gasoline and other petroleum products as well as on many industrial machinery items He added that OPA had planned removal oj petroleum ceilings by this time Coinciding with Verners pre diction with respect to withhold ing a textile industry official for merly on CPAs staff told a re porter privately Lets not kid ourselves Of course there is is going to be with holding of clothing when the whole industry knows that prices may be goingup next month What else could he expected Verner expressed the opinions that not only clothing but refrig erators washing machines and even automobiles probably will be held off the market The reason he said is that in the case oE the latter items dealers under terms of the house and senate bills stand to have their prewar profit mar gins restored OPA has trimmed these In the case of clothing pending legislation eliminates a require ment that manufacturers produce certain amounts of low cost gar ments CPA regulations forbid manu facturers to keep on hand more than a 30 day supply of scarce products but Verner said the agency does not plan to make an extensive check of inventories un til about June 20 Warns Beer Shortage in Iowa to Be Worse Des Moincs the person who likes his hot weather with a cold glass of beer a sad summer note H CJensen Cedar Rapids president of the Iowa Wholesale Beer and Distributing association says the present beer shortage is going to get worse before it gets better Jensen told association members attending a meeting here Monday that tavem operators who now are able to sell beer only a few hours a day will find their beerselling periods getting even shorter be fore the summer is through Iowa will get only about 60 per cent of the beer usually sold Jensen predicted Iowas Vofe Washington 8 re publican congressmen Tuesday voted for overriding President Trumans veto of the Case lanor disputes bill but the move lost because of failure to get a two thirds affirmative vote The I o w a n s are Representatives Cunningham DolHver Gwynne Hoevcn Jensen Lc Compte Martin and Tallc loud boos too mostly from the republicans Backers of the legislation have indicated they may attempt to tack the Case bill on as an amendment to emergency labor legislation re quested by the president on May 25 The emergency bill has been passed by senate and house in dif ferent forms Truman gave 5 reasons for disapproval in a special message to congress Tiiey were 1 Men cannot be forced in a peacetime democracy to work for a private employer under com pulsion 2 The bill would operate to promote not lessen industrial strife 3 It also would have failed completely to have prevented or shortened the strikes which so seriously have damaged our eco nomy these last few months 4 Strikes against private em ployers cannot be ended by legis lative decree They must be Mikhailovitch Admits Truce With Nazi Representatives of the war iP rf that before the end at a cafe by appointment ruce Wllh azi representatives whom he met plcaSed at the opening of the 2nd cf trcason collaboration with the and war crimes The Chetnifc chieftain hailed by the allies as the hero of antinazi resistance in Yugoslavia plunged immediately into his own defense Sitting calmly at a small desk he answered questions from the 3man military court hearing the trial of himself and 23 co defendants Mikhailovitch admitted that he sent a delegation to meet the Yu goslav Quisling Milan Nedic in the early fall of 1941 He denied however that he concluded an agreement with Nedic which the prosecution wanted to establish as proof of his alleged collaboration Then he acknowledged that after reachinfr a truce with Mar shal Titos pariisans the rival guerrilla force in Yugoslavia he met with German representatives He agreed to see them he said because he had been told that it would be usefnl to come to the meeting to prevent punitive ex peditions against his forces by the nazis At the outset ot his testimony he described himself as the first Yugoslav to fight the Germans Mikhailovitchs plea of inno cence blasted persistent rumors before the trial that he would ad mit he was guilty of betraying Yugoslavia during the German occupation and throw himseit on the mercy of the court considered in the light ot infla tionary pressures of problems full employment of economic se curity 5 The bill strikes at symptoms and ignores underlying causes of stoppages It approaches the prob lem on a piecemeal basis Mr Truman used 4500 words in his message to the house analyzing the bill which congress voted by big majorities He stressed the need of increased pro duction and said strikes and lookouts are the greatest handi caps to attaining vital produc tion Major provisions of the Case bill included the creation of a federal mediation board rcslric lions asiainst any strike or lockout while the board sousht solution or a labor dispute a prohibition on secondary boycotts and pro vision for court suits asainst em ployers or labor organizations Iracts COUectivc The chief executive coupled his veto with a renewed plea for his own emergency strike control Plan for a senatehouse study ot the whole field of labor relations and for enactment of his long stalemated domestic legislative program The fact that we are faced with an emergency which does justify the passage of temporary legislation does not in my opinion justify us in the adoption ot per manent legislation without the study that such permanent legis lation needs he declared The message went to a congress torn by controversy between groups for and against tightening controls over labor The house which passed the Case bill 230 io 106more than the twothirds majority necessary to override a a quick decision on that question Tailur to override there would kill the bill But if the house re verses the president by the nec essary margin the veto then would go to the senate where again a twothirds majority would bo re quired The senate vote on pas sage was 49 to 29 less than two thirds Mondays message went to tho house first because the bill ori ginated there last January It was written by Rep Case RS Dak but underwent numerous changed both m the house and senate
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