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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 6, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ttPARTMCHT OF WISTOHY AND AHCrMVE E U 0 I N C r I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL 14 United Prejs Full MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY G 1946 This consists ol Two Out tit One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Muon City SnniSij p m WO1 Amts Wednesday p m WSU1 iaws Citr KciaaiiJ Tia f a KTAD Qnlncj UK SHDtdi7 3 p m Mankind Is at the Fork of the Road EXCEPT for OPA and our die tary problems growing out of our program to share our food especially wheat with a hungry wartorn world no subject is more under discussion these days by rank and file people than nu clear energy The emphasis is on atomic bombs All of us are at least slightly concerned and more than a few are downright worried about the possibility that in the navys scheduled test of atomic bomb ine in the Pacific in July the chain reaction principle may get carried too far Result Our world blown to smithereens In some quarters the anxiety about this is so great that letters are being written Jo official Wash that the test be ASKS AMERICA DEFENSE PLAN ington urging called off APPROACHING the subject from another angle others are apologizing to the world and to posterity for Americas part in the unleashing of this terrify ing power Religious groups are taking the lead in this Not so lone ago for example a special commission operating under the sponsorship of the Fed eral Council of Churches of Christ released a report in which the United States was vigorously castigated for having dropped 2 atomic bombs on Japan last Au gust Even though use the new weapon may well have shortened EXPECT FRESH DEVELOPMENTS IN COAL RIFT Call Afternoon Meeting of All Operators as Strike Enters 6th Week Washington devel opments in the soft coal negotia tions were indicated Monday when the governmentsponsored confer ences were recessed suddenly to permit attendance of all operators at Monday afternoons session The operators caucused for an hour Jlouflay morning while the miners negotiating committee sat by John LLewis united mine workers president was absent Edward R Burke head of the Southern Coal Producers associa ion and Charles ONeill chair man of the northern Appalachian group also were absent Burke was appearing before the house iudiciary committee in behalf of a Germanys formal surrender wis signed May 6 1945 in schoolhouse at Reims France THIS IS THE FIRST ANNIVERSARY OP VE DAY VictoryEuropean year ago May 6 1945 German military forces sur rendered unconditionally to the western Allies and the Soviet Union bringing to an end the European stage of the most disastrous war in all history WE Day 1946 finds victor nations determined to keep this time and live together in worldwide harmony Responsibility nmlrintr inrprnntional COoneratioil we vent for making international cooperation prevent United Nations Security Council shown in New York session holds peace hope of world f uture wars is largely in the hands of the United Nations council and in the forthcoming peace treaty conference in Paris which will decide im portant questions of reparations and boundaries the war the report states the moral cost was too high STRONG point is made of the fact that the bombs were loosed without specific warning to the victims A prior demon stration on enemy soil either on vacant territory or on an isolated fortification would have les sened our guilt it is contended Going further the suggestion is offered that suitableamendsbe made to the vanquished enemy lor the damage wrought Ac ceptance of responsibility for re building Hiroshima and Nagasaki is proposed in the report To provide special aid for the survivors of those 2 murdered cities it is observed In the re port would be hardly more than a token of repentance Yetwe believe either would have lasting value for future human relations Presumably this is to be ac cepted as the viewpoint of the Protestant segment of American Christianity But there is no re quirement that it be accepted as Ban Circus Trains Washington office of defense transportation Mon day prohibited the movement of circus and carnival trains ef fective May 10 as a coal con servation measure bill to curb imposition by a union of a royalty on the product of an employer Such a payment is one of Lewis major demands on the FBI Moves Into Alcatraz to Collect Evidence Against Convicts coal operators Government conciliators were the viewpoint communicant ot the individual FOR THAT FACT I am glad be cause it definitely does not reflect my own appraisal of the problem intruded on civilization in connection with those 2 bomb bursts over Japan To my way of thinking the au thors of the stirring document to which I have referred blinded themselves to some fundamental truths that should have been in their thinking The condemnation they drew up is properly applicable to the institution known as war But the singling out of atomic bombs definitely was not warranted by the facts Lets take a look at this aspect of the matter TO BEGIN WITH the science thats what it has addressed its attention since the beginning of time to the busi ness of finding ways to kill more people mere quickly The mod ern refinement has been to kill civilians as well as warriors Once the principal weapon was a stone Then came the spear and the knife in different forms Then gunpowderwas introduced in China interestingly enough Since then weve seen bigger fiats and thicker and thicker armor In the first world war aviation vertical bombing and poison gas came into use Poison gas wasnl used in this war for just 2 rea sonsWe wouldnt start it anc Hitler knew he would be more hurt than helped by it the pre vailing winds being what the were and the aerial supremacy being where it was Clearly enough the utilization of atomic energy as an instru ment of war was an entirely log cal step in the development o the war idegpof killing more peo ple more quickly Jt has now be Jcome obvious that the principles of the atomic bomb were known to all nations even Japan For a time it looked as if Germany would win the race We won probably by a very close margin And this brings to mind a con versation I had with niaj Gen Leslie Groves chief administra tor of the atomic bomb develop ment project a few weeks after the abrupt ending of war against Japan He didnt give me a categorical CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 silent on the developments be yond saying that a recess was called until p m Some government proposal for ending the 36day old strike was expected this week although whether it will be submitted Mon day afternoon was not known Secretary of Labor Schwellen bach went into a conference with Special Conciliators Edward F McGrady and Paul W Fuller dur ing the recess Meanwhile TJNRRA Director General F H LaGuardia told re porters after a white house call that the strike had resulted in the reduction of coal shipments to Italy during one week in April from 125000 to 7500 tons He said food shipments have not yet been affected The coal strike which President Truman described as a national disaster stretched into its 6th week Monday with official fears and congressional tempers both mounting As John L Zewls prepared tn resume his silent treatment of the bituminous operators con San Francisco The FBI moved into Alcatraz Monday to collect evidence against 3 sur viiors of the halfdozen convicts whose desperate vain break for freedom brought a bloody 36hour siege of their cellblock and left a men dead and 15 wounded Not a single prisoner escaped The 3 may yet die in San Quen tins greenpainted gas chamber There is a good chance that evidence will be sufficient to in dict the surviving participants for murder asserted U S Attorney Daniel C and if it is he said the death penalty will be de manded Despite the fact that there were only in the entire group involved in the furious battle he i added where one or more par icipahts in a conspiracy to es cape actually killed someone the others would be part of that con spiracy and could be charged with murder The federal bureau of investiga tion is taking statements from other prisoners as well as from guards Deasy reported and the matter will be presented to the federal grand jury here The 3 surviving participants said Warden James A Johnston were Sam Shnckley 3G servins a life termfor kidnaping and lob bery in Oklahoma Miran Eflsar Thompson 29 serving 99 years for kidnaping and life for killing a Texas policeman anfl Clarence James 19 Oklahoma desperado serving 99 years for kidnaping and murder Guards broke into the last dark utility corridor of the embattled arisen wing Saturday to find the oodies of 3 others Bernard Coy 4G spry little Iouisville Ky bank robber who started the uprising by clamoring up to a 3rdtier guards gallery and forcing his way into it to slug and disarm Guard Bert Burch was defiant to the last Death caught him with arrns extended as though still gripping riUe lie had seized from the guard Also dead in the narrow pipe filled passageway were Joseph Paul Crctzer 35Ios An les bank robber who had as sumed command and carried on the fight furiously despite his quick conclusion that the break had failed and were as far from San Francisco as ever Marvin F Hubbard 35 Ten nessee kidnaper who had lived until Saturday ing Coy and Cretzer by 1 night The rifle and pistol which Coy had wrested from Burch were found beside the convicts There was no further resis tance the battle of the rock was ended There were 3 principal reasons TRUMAN SEEKS PROGRAM WITH OTHER NATIONS Asks Congress to 0 K Military Setup With Canada South America Tru man asked congress Monday for legislation authorizing a program ol military collaboration with other American countries includ ing the training organization and equipment ol the armed forces of those countries He transmitted the draft of a bill entitled The InterAmerican Military Corporation Act and asked its enactment Asserting that the American re publics have assumed new re sponsibilities for their mutual de fense and maintenance of peace he said it was highly desirable to standardize military organization training methods and equipment as has been recommended by the interAmerican defense board Under the legislation he said the army and navy in conjunc tion with the state department would be permitted to continue in the future a general program of collaboration with t h c armed forces our sister republics with a view to facilitating tiie adoption gress made its first tentative move toward stepping into the dispute Lewis held his own counsel on this maneuver as well as Mr Tru mans weekend report warning that the full impact of the strike has only barely begun to be felt FRENCH VOTERS CRACK LEFTISTS Arab Leadership Is Preparing Protest on Palestine Plans Reject RedSocialist Supported Constitution Paris voters dc ivering the sharpest setback to he left wing bloc since the libera ion of France rejected a com munistsocialist supported consti ution in Sundays referendum complete official returns showed Monday Totals announced by the min istry of the interior indicated that the constitution was defeated by more than 1180000 votes These figures complete for the 93 de partment1 of France including al 3 in North Africa gave Against the Washington Ufi Farmer 632430 For the Approximately 80 per cent of ANDERSON GREETS NEBRASKA FARM and Mrs Claude Canaday right of Bloomfield Nebr who saved 1000 bushels of corn sold it for and then turned the money over to international relief are greeted by Clinton P Anderson sec retary of agriculture upon their arrival in Washington Sunday night by airplane AP Wirephoto Leader Will Charge Report Is Violation of British Mandate Jerusalem Arab lead rship in Palestine was reported tonclay to be preparing to chavge efore the international court at 10 Hague that the BritishAmcri an inquiry commissions report is violation of Britains mandate ver Palestine Auni Bey Abdul Iladi described y Arabs as the leading lesal mind mong Arabs in Palestine was eported by an associate o be pre jarinp the case His brief it was aid will state that implementa ions of the report would be suf icient grounds for dissolution of he mandate under article 22 of he dissolved league of nations covenant the associate said Some 800 Arab women led by a Christian and a Moslem paraded rom the Mosque of Omar to the Jaffa gate at noon Monday in a demonstration against the report which recommended the admis sion of 100000 Jews to Palestine Palestine police and military forces halted the procession at gate and prevented it from continuing outside the old city Police closed the gate immediate ly erected a barbed wire barri cade across the road and estab lished an armed barrier The demonstrators carried ban ners proclaiming in Arabic This decision is not democratic policy and Our grandfathers were born here and we are the voice of thii land why the break failed Johnston re ported i Cret2er was unable to free some of similar technical standards of the more desperate convicts Certain additional training ac from the cells to help in the fight tivitfes not covered by existing Miller had thrown nway the key legislation would be permitted to the outside door and they could I the president told congress The not release Hufus Whitey Frankpresident would also be authorized lin lifeterm killer on whose I to transfer military aud naval knowledge of the prison the conequipment to the governments of victs had greatly depended Frank1 other American states by sale or lin had killed a guard during nn other method The collaboration authorized by tho bill would be extended also had 1 to Canada whose cooperation with the United in matters affecting their common defense is of particular importance The president said it was in cumbent upon the United States government to see that military developments in which we have a part are guided toward the main tenance of peace and security and that military and naval establish ments are not encouraged beyond what security considerations re quire The president said that because of preponderant technical eco nomic and military resources of this country it had a special re sponsibility for leadership attempt to break out of Alcatraz in 1936 Coy Johnston continued found Alcatraz one weak spot when he spread the heavy bars atop the guards walkway and dropped inside to take Burch by surprise the registered voters participated Sports Bulletin Boston leasuclead ing Boston Ked Sox gave Owner Tom Yawkey a new consecutive game winning streak by gaining their 10th in a row from the St Louts Browns 75 Monday in the opener ol a donble header The Backers rallied from be hind o provide unbeaten Boo Fcrriss with his 3rd victory Claude H Canaday Monday hands over to UNRRA a 51030 the receipts from the only corn he ever sold He presents the check person ally to UXRRA Director Fiorcllo I LaGuardia to help famine re Read The Message Irom United States Army Recruiting Service on Page 2 ief abroad because biggest opportunity this is the to promote world peace that ever had The rugged 49 year old farmer irom near Bloomfield Nebr and lis plump goodnatured wife flew into Washington Sunday night for nearly a week of cere monies They include a trip to the while house to see President Truman Tuesday It all started when the govern ment asked farmers to sell corn stored on farms The Canadays ordinarily feed their corn to live stock This year they got rid of some of their hogs and not only sold their grain but volunteered to give the proceeds to help pre vent starvation anywhere Washington is just like a fairy land said the couple after their fiist airplane trip which was made at the invitation of Secrc ft tary of Agriculture Clinton P An derson Canaday never had been east of Sioux City Iowa al though his wife had been as far east as Ohio Canaday describing himself as republican who sometimes votes for democrats asked farm ers everywhere to cooperate with Mr Trumans grain program H he can persuade more farm ers to help feed starving people Canaday said then it was worth while to tear himself away from his 240 acre farm just at cc planting time 300 Horses From Iowa for Shipment Overseas Eldora IP T h r e e hundred head of Iowa horses have been shipped from the Eldora livestock sales pavilion yards to an eastern port for UNRRA shipment overseas by The horses were all mares 3 to 8 years old They will be used for breeding stock in the many sections of Europe where the horse supply was depleted by the war Hold Athletes Rites Prcscott Services were held here Sunday for H Thur man Chapman Drake university athlete of 40 years ago Chapman was credited with being the first pole vaulter to clear 12 feet Seek Iowa Pioneer DCS flloines search is on for the oldest living person who was born in Iowa Sponsor of th search is the committee for thi Iowa centennial celebration in De Moines June 29July 4 The win ning oldster will get an expense paid trip to the Des Moines event Win in Ice Breakup Pool in Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Ice in the Tanana river broke at p m exact time holders of 4 tickets in the I pool had picked I Only one of the 4 tickets was held by an individual He was Mike Johnson ot Sitka Alaska It will mean for him The other 3 were held by groups Name 4H Champs Des Moines IP Marie Book 18 of Storm Lake Iowa and Maynard Lang 19 of Brooklyn Iowa have been chosen as Iowas champion 4H boy and girl They will attend the national 4H clua encampment at Washington D C in June Weather Report FORECAST Ministers to Begin Work on Romania Paris on the taloYugoslav frontier issue the oreign ministers council instruct ed its deputies Monday to start examination of the Balkan treaties beginning with Romania an American informant said The 4 ministers of Russia Brit ain France and the United States reviewed their position on the ItalianYugoslav frontier was the key difficulty Thereupon U S Secretary ol State Byrnes pro posed that the deputies be In structed to start work on Balkan treaties Neither the Americans nor the Russians would bulge from their stands on the Italian treaty at the meeting Monday Other disputed points reviewed Chile vas discovered by Diego I at the 34 session were the future HOLY LAND TROUBLE CEN zones in Palestine defined in he 193940 land purchase regulations one ot the points in controversy during the current Holy Ianfl crisis are outlined on this map based on similar map issued with Anglo American Palestine commission report this week Black areas define the Free Zone in which there are no restrictions on land transfers Shaded areas are those in which transfer of land by a Palestinian Arab save to a Pal estinian Arab is prohibited ex cept in special circumstances In remainder of Palestine transfer of land by anyone save to a Palestinian Arab is prohibited except in special circumstances The Arab league opposes the AngloAmerican recommenda tions that Immigration quotas lifted and that the land purchase regulations be removed fP Wircpholo Map de Almagro in 1535 of Italys colonies and reparations It was stated that a report of reparations study commission would be ready in a few days With the switch to Balkan prob lems the possibility was seen tha the United States might offer con cessions in the Balkans to brea the deadlock on Italy Mason City Partly cloudy and cooler Monday night becoming generally fair and continued cool Tuesday with frost Tues day morning Iowa Cloudy south partly cloudy north with scattered light showers extreme south Monday night becoming generally fair Tuesday Cooler Monday night with frost north Continued cool Tuesday linnesota Partly cloudy Monday night Continued cool with freezing temperatures north and central Frost extreme south Monday night Tuesday gener ally fair and cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette woother statistics for 24 hour period ending at 3 oclock Monday morning Maximum 65 Minimum 3K At 8 a m Monday 47 YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 48 In World war II Americans married more than 100000 foreign brides in World war 1 only 8000 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 57 Minimum 37 At 8 a m Sunday 53 Precipitation 12 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 60 35
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