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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 25, 1946, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS Aiso dated Prigs and United Press Ful Leased wires MASON CITY IQWA MONDAY MARCH as P m One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Clly Sunday p m Iednt sday p m J Cily SaluidajoVlsp iD Qulney HL Saturday o p m Reporting on a Visit to Washington TM JUST HOME from the first extended rail trip Ive made since the wars end On invitation from the white house Ive been down to Washington to help lay the plans for the presidents traf fic safety conference scheduled for May 8 a and 10 Later no doubt I shall be re porting at some length about that conference but in this commen tary Im soine to visit with you about some things apart from the conference hat I saw and beard And Ill preface it all by say ing that my overall impression is definitely one of encourage ment In spite of strikes scarc ities of all kinds and housing dif ficulties I still am confident that the machinery of reconversion will be in high speed before most of us expect ONE THING our railroads are back surprisingly close to their prewar standard of serv ice My Baltimore Ohio train for example brought me into Washingtons union station ex actly on time and the same thing happened on my return to Chi cago That hasnt happened to me in a long long time But this return tonormalcy on the railroads doesnt end with be ing on time A thine more sig nificant Is that their representa ticketsellers to porl ershave completely shaken off their warboru attitude of surly independence During the war their assump tion was that anybody fortunate enough to get space on a passen ger train shouldnt be given any further consideration Their thoughts seemed to be of the many who couldnt get space rather than of the favored few who sat in seats stood in aisles or slept in Pullman berths Now however as Ive sug gested this attitude has been ban ished Everybody wearing the uniform of the railroads gives the appearance of being glad to see you and desirous of serving you In short train travel is ever so much more pleasant than it was a year and a half ago when I journeyed to Baltimore to take off on a Boeing Clipper for a war correspondence mission in the European theater ANOTHER CHANGE from war time train conditions is the marked reduction in the number of passengers in uniform Usually during the war pears they con stituted about half the total on a transcontinental train Now I should say that theyre I out of 10 most of them either head ing toward a separation center or homeward bound after getting their discharge The one department of train UNOJJPENSJOTEFULSKSRJN British VoiceApprovalto Red Withdrawal From Iran nilAAiaiB mmftfMmi mm f f X RUSSIAN MOVE WILL SATISFY GREAT BRITAIN Moscow Radio Hints of Oil Concessions by Iran Government London A Russian an nouncement that red army troops are withdrawing from Iran drew approval Monday from unofficial British sources who said the statement if borne out by actual performance would be a satisfac tory answer to Britains recent protest to Moscow The announcement was made Sunday night by the Moscow ra dio which said Evacuation of soviet troops from the regions of Meshed Shah rua and Samnan which started March 2 is already completed The evacuation of remaining soviet troops started on March 24 according to an agreement with the Iranian government The sov iet command of soviet troops will be concluded within 5 or 6 weeks if nothing unforseen happens An NBC broadcast from Mos cow Monday said the complete solution of the RussianIranian will include Iranian of the altonomy of travel in which wartime condi tions persist is in the dining car The menu card is thin the serv ings are small and the prices are steep Railroads obviously are meeting with some of the same difficulties along this line that confront the ordinary housewife But its service with a smile ROADBEDS ARE surprisingly smooth considering the man power problem lor adequate rightofway maintenance during the war Sleeping cars are of a variable quality The one in which I rode going to Washington was excel on rubber and freer from outside noise than any Ive ever been on My return trip however was on a sleeper of ancient vintage with even a bit of wood in its construction Oar locomotive was of stream lined construction sufficiently powerful to maintain a high speed for oar IScoach train even on the steep mountain grades in the Allegheny states Presence of an attractive stew ardess on the train suggested that the eastern railroads at least have taken a leaf out of commercial aviations book Just what her duties are I havent yet learned I presume however that shes trained in first aid as well as in public relations Perhaps you too arc planning a train trip in the early future If so it occurred to me that yon might like to know in advance that the experience is going to prove more pleasant than rail travel has been during the war rnHESAFETY conferences which I attended for 2 days con cluded early enough in the aft ernoon to permit me to spend some time over on Capitol Hill where I visited with several of Iowas representatives in both houses I found Senator Bourke Hicken looper engaged in the final prep aration of a talk to be presented that night on a Columbia net work forum program The sub ject was OPA and his adversary differences recognition nothern Azerbaijan The broadcast said Irans pol icy toward oil concessions might be revised in such a way as to re assure soviet concern over the se curity of the BakuTurkemian oil possibly more than that The reference to oil suggested that Russia might acquire con cessions in northern Iran sought unsuccessfully in 1944 The Anglo Iranian oil company in which the British government holds 11250 000 shares of common stock pres ently has the only concessions in Iran A dispatch from Tehran filed approximately 9 hours before the withdrawal broadcast was re corded here quoted premier Ahmed Qavam of Iran as saying that Up to the present we have no official reports of soviet troop movements out of Iran Qavam denied reports that di rect negotiations were still under way with Russia and indicated that the next moves were up to Russia or to the security council ot the united nations which meets Monday in New York The premier had indicated Sat urday however that the with drawal might come soon A delayed dispatch filed Friday from Tehran quoted a highly re sponsible source there as saying Russian troops in great num bers continued to pass through 1 e Mason Not Candidate Phalen Seeks New Job term as M I Larry Mason who is completing his Gordo county attorney and Tim Phalen since Jan 1 1937 announced Monday that dates for reelection this year Mason stated that lie felt that the countys voters had favored f mSu 5 ilmes since ne flrst a candidate m 932 but hat he wished now o devote Jiis entire time to his private practice His term of office expires Jan 2 1947 Uw candidate in the November election may qualify Phalen announced that he be a candidate for the office ol county supervisor from the 1st district in the maries June 3 democratic pri E R Steinberg u oiciiiijeig the incumbent and Fred A Caha lan former hemp plant manager already have filed nomination papers for the same post making it a 3man race in the primaries Steinbergs term does not expire until Jan 2 1948 Phalens withdrawal from the race for sheriff promises to make it a battle royal with at least 3 candidates already circulating nomination papers They are Jack Burnett now deputy sheriff under Phalen P IV Pop Thurde re cently discharged from the army after 5 years of service and Jesse Butlleman Clear Lake constable Burnett is a candidate on the democratic ticket the other 2 are republicans Mason and Phalens announce ments were made on the final day for filing nominations to be in cluded on the June 3 primary bal lots Deadline for filing was an nounced by County Auditor Ar thur Harris as 4 p m Monday the regular courthouse closing hour MURRAmFcES 0 K ON THOMAS Denies Taking Part in Hot UAW Elections Atlantic City N J President Philip Murray ended u speech at the CIO United Auto workers convention Monday by praising R J Thomas incumbent Whoi is battling Walter Beuther for the UAW presidency After a bare mention of Reuth ers name along with other offi cers to whom he expressed appre ciation Murray referred to Thomas as This big guy for whom I have a distince president of the United Auto Workers union He specifically denied in his speech that he was here to take part in the bitter UAW political campaign but the long cheer that went up at his tribute to Thomas showed that the Thomas forces considered it an endorsement Reveal Reds Sought U S Troop Moves Montreal agents in Canada were ordered by Moscow to obtain information on Ameri can troop movements to Europe and from there to Asia it was re vealed Monday at the hearing of a Canadian communist charged with giving secret information to Russia Moscow wanted to know it was disclosed in a cable of last Aug ust the location of army head quarters of the 9th U S army the 3rd 5th 7th and 13th armored corps 18th armored division and also several infantry and tank di visions The cable also ashed the location of the U S 1st air descent army and plans for its future use The disclosure came as the crown continued its ease againsl Fred Eose communist member ol the Canadian parliament and Prof Raymond Boyer of McGil university both charged with giv ing Canadian secrets to Russia The cable pertain big to troop movements said the information was wanted to confirm the offi cial facts It was part of new m e n t s presented by fee crown and was based on informa tion given by Igor Gouzenko for mer secret codes clerk in the Rus sian embassy here who tipped off Canada about the soviet espionage ring Mondays documents disclosed that the ring was operating for the last 2 years and that Moscow also demanded that its agents in Can ada furnish a documentation of atomic bomb research both before and after the first atomic bomb wiped Hiroshima off the earth Make Church Safe or Precious Nylons New Albany Ind UR The congregation of St Marks Evan gelical and Reformed church pledged itself Monday to the con servation of nylon hosiery Women worshippers had com plained of snags and runs from the eages of pews So the men pledged o bring snndpaper planes and lies one night each weefc to make the church safe for nylons British Leader Asks Nations to Deny Pole Plea to UNRRA ror denial of UNTSRA aid and asylum to politieartefugees He denied the accusation by Polish Minister of Welfare Stanczyk that generals hostile to the new Polish government had a MeanwhileuNRRAs inner council supplies was reported to recommend sharp cur tailment of the use of grain for BARUCH BACKS PRICE CONTROL Washington OP M Baruch told a house committee Monday the National Association Manufacturers really doesn1 know what it is asking for in demanding an end ol price con trols If OPA is not extended pretty luicfc he said all going to fall down on our faces Baruch said that instead of re trenchments in price control the government should control wages and adopt other farreaching ma chinery to combat the inflationary threat Housing Parley Speakers Urge Lifting Restriction Des Moines of government restrictions and re turn of a free hand to business should be the first step in solving the nationscurrent housing prob lem speakers at a 14state mid west governors conference said Monday Iowas Gov Robert D Blue sounded the keynote when he de clared that one of the means of solution was abolishment of re strictive policies of the federal government which he said were delaying and blocking produc Olher governors or their repre republican were quick to echo Blues remarks as was an official of the West Coast Lumbermens rtssociation A return to the ancient law of sup ply and demand was advocated by Gov John C Vivian of Colo rado However Gov Edward J Thye of Minnesota and Gov Dwlght Griswold oC Nebraska took other slants at the situation Thye said what was needed most was confi dence and patience Griswold em phasized that the problem was a long range one snd that care should be taken not to rush into cheap temporary production Kenneth Scheme director of the Indiana economic council said that maybe 50 per cent of the lumber used in his state was used in ft his coming in via the blackmarkel W F Turrentine Jr secretary to Gov Andrew E Schoeppel of Kansas urged that 57500 be the ceiling price for construction of new homes declaring that houses should be built for the average citizen and not the more privi leged From an alltime high 937 000 noniarm homes in 1925 con struction dropped to 93000 in 1933 Blue said In 1941 with wartime prosperity at hand 715 000 nonfarm homes were built With the coming of war con struction necessarily was curtailed or halted altogether During the first 10 months of only 98 337 dwellings of all types were erected Blue asserted the housing short age ivas the result of a combina tion of causes For years he said new housing In America had been larcely built by persons in the nigrher economic brackets Blue listed as among the present hindrances to housing The clash of wage increases and price ceil ings delays because of debate on federal policies and regulations the tremendous demands of war the delays of reconversion the controversies between landlords and federal administrators and dissension between the legislative and executive branches of the fed eral government was Senator Illinois Its no secret Scott Lucas of of course that ON PAGE GOVERNORS GATHER FOR HOUSING CONFERENCE Eight governors and a lieutenant governorconfer Kre trie opening of the housing conference in Des Moines Mon day Left to right are Lt Gov Sioux K Grigsby South Dakota Gov John C yivian Colorado Gw Edward Griswold Nebraska Gov GovRoberfc and Lt Gov Kenneth A making liquor or for fattening hogs and chickens on the grounds that it could better be used to feed the worlds hungry This was the first major devel opment to emerge from a tightly deadlocked session called to thresh out a demand from moneypoor nations dependent upon UNRAA relief for an equal break with countries holding financial re serves on the market for available surpluses Still to be decided was the ques tion looming large In the minds of delegates or not UNRRA would recommend world wide rationing of commodities in short fats cereals and recommended by Director General Herbert Leh man Meanwhile there was no de cision on whether UNHRA would decide which way it would go on 3 questions as a basis for future allocation of the worlds available food supplies namely 1 On the basis of the length of the occupation and the amount of destruction 2 Whether it should depend on the eating standards before the war 3 Establishment of a minimum calory scale as a basis for allocat ing food FABER EDITOR OF LEGIONAIRE Public Relations Head for Iowa Department DCS Moines b e r t F Faber 50 Des Moines field rep resentative of the state safety ed ucation division since 1942 and a World war I veteran was named Monday as editor ot the Iowa Le gionaire and director public re lations for the Iowa department of the American Legion Faber succeeds longtime Editor Frank Miles who resinned when he became a candidate for the democratic nomination for gover nor of loiva Fabers appointment was an nounced by R R Stuart com mander of tfie Iowa department Born at Dumont Iowa Faber was graduated from Iowa Slate Teachers college and took grad uate work at the University of Chicago and Ohio State univer sity He was superintendent schools for 3 years at Allison Iowa after which he was a pub lishers representative for 19 years before beginning the safety work He served in the 350th infantry of the 88th division in 191719 He is married and has lived in Des Moines since 1924 FBI Silent on Sheens Spy Report New York Rt Rev Monsignor Fulton J Sheen de clared Sunday that a fullfledged soviet agent was picked up in a congressional committee meetinp ast week In Washington spokesmen fur ae justice department and the FBI said No such arrest has been made They declined to comment urthcr Reachable members of he house ot representatives said there had been little before com mittees in their branch last week hat would interest a foreign agent Wall Dosey the senates ser eant at arms said that it any hmg of the kind had occurred he did not know of it Ordinarily Doxey would be advised of an ar rest on the senate side of the can to Killed In Crasli ns SchlcnsiS 3 Laurens airport manager was killed Sunday when the plane he was piloting crashed shortly after the takeoff Wayne Miller 24 Laurens a passenger suffered se vere cuts Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday with scattered showers or thunder storms Monday afternoon fol lowed by rain Monday night Somewhat cooler Monday night and Tuesday Lowest tempera ture near freezing TRUMAN GIVES U S SUPPORT TO UNO GROUP Tension Is Eased by Report of Russian Withdrawal From Iran New York Tru man pledged to the united nations security council Monday Americas wholehearted cooperation in the cause peace and Secretary of State Byrnes warned that from now on no nation must be allowed to take the law into its own hands In a brief speech prepared for the councils first session at its temporary American headquar ters at Hunter collcec in the Bronx Byrnes presented the presi dents message of wel come and added on his own be half this admonition Nations like individuals should tlo their best to adjust their dis putes without resort to litigation But no nation has the right to take the law into its own hands If disputes cannot be settled by triendly negotiations they must be brought before the security council Dr Quo TaiChi of China presi dent of the united nations secur ity council rapped the council to order lor its first meeting in America at p m CST A few hours before the council met in the newlyconverted gym nasium of Hunter college leaders had agreed that Mondays session should be held to formalities of welcome and speechmaking and that discussion of the Iranian is sue which has been eased consid erably by the reported Russian agreement under which soviet troops are already supposed to be moving out of Iran would be de layed until Tuesday Delay in consideration of the Iranian question came alter the American group headed by Byrnes and Edward K Sfeiliiiius Jr re ceived word that putting it off for one flay was agreeable to the Rus sian delegation under Ambassador Andrei Gromyko The development gave additional time for the American British Iranian and Russian delegations here to receive official informa tion on the reported soviet agree ment to pull the red army out ot ran and also to get instructions from their governments as to how each should proceed on the case when it docs come up before the council The one sure move thus far seen by officials here was that the United States definitely would in sist on a report from both Russia ind Iran on whatever an agree ment has been made and attempt o put behind any agreement as suming it is approved here the nil prestige of the council to as sure its enforcement The Iranian question remained the most important for the coun cil to take up however and this seemed likely to be done on a motion by the United States to inve Russia and Iran make a rc lort on their agreement In this vay officials hoped to get the pact registered with the council and assuming the council ap Jrovcs give it the effective back ng of that agency to assure that t is promptly and fully carried out The opening marks the bcgin inff of the united nations as a ermancnt world peace organiza ion in the United States Simul taneously the councils military staff committee hijh command of the armies destined to carry out ne armies destined to carry out Iowa Mostly cloudy Monday nightlfle orders arranged to and Tuesday wilh rain south mcct secretly at a Manhattan ho and east portions Monday night and extreme east portion Tuesday Cooler Tuesday and in west and central Monday night Read The Message from United States Army Recruiting Service on Page 8 tel Military members said the staff committee would get to work im mediately on plans for having each of the united nations place racn 01 tne united nations place Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday land sea and air forces at the dis night and Tuesday Occasional posal of the organization showers extreme southeast por UNOs economic and social tion Monday night Cooler east council to which President Tru and so change vunvicjj infill CU5t vi WHICH 1TU iuth Monday night Little j man has named Ambassador John in temperature Winant as American member IXT will meet in late May and a gcn AlAbON CITY feral assembly of all 51 united na GlobeGszette weather statistics I tions is September for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 60 Minimum 45 At 8 a m Monday 49 Precipitation 14 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 43 Minimum 37 At 8 a m Sunday 40 Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 50 Meanwhile the 11nation atomic commission made up of the same governments that comprise the se curity council probably will meet later in the spring and the se curity council itself will function in almost continuous session from now on being forbidden by UNO rules to adjourn at any time lor more than 2 weeks Fire Destroys Bakery DCS Moines estimated by the owner at resulted when fire of undetermined origin destroyed the J A Powers bakery j Sunday night k
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