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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 5, 1946, Mason City, Iowa 1 V NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EPTED FOR THE HOME MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS and uatia pms Fuu TUESDAY Thlj Paper ConsLli ol Tvo SecUonsSMtlon NO 126 BYRNES TELLS RUSS PLAN FOR JOINT CONTROL Reveals China Turned Down Russian Proposal on Major Industries aimisura IP The United States Tuesday called for an open door policy in Manchuria simul taneously with disclosure of a Kussian proposal for joint soviet Chinese control of major indus tries there Secretary of Stale Byrnes made Known this governments atlitude by releasing a note which lie sent to both Chungking and Moscow Feb 9 In his he expressed con cern about the possible establish ment of exclusive sovietChinese Maadhurlan Bvrnes wrote vould be contrary to the prin ciple of the open door and would discrimination against Americans who wanted to join in Manchurias industrial de velopment Along with releasing this com munication Byrnes disclosed the Chinese foreign office note had in formed him of the Russian pro posal for joint sovietChinese con trol of specified coal mines power plants and other Manchurian in dustries China rejected this propo Byrnes said the United States wouia send a message to Moscow on the Manchurian situation Pre liminary signs indicated the Amer ican position would be in support of the Chinese government Manchuria is one of the maior trouble spofsJn RussianAmerican relations Earlier at a news con JUJUJL LJWHO Scientist for Giving Secrets London Alan Nun Mayone of the scientists sent bv Britain to Canada during the wa to help develop the atomic boml was accused in a Bow street polio couit Tuesday as having given away secrets on atomic energy 34yearoId scientist stood mute during 10 minutes in prisoners dock while he was ar rained on a charge of violatin Britains official secrets aet The ease was set for hearing March 19 Prosecutor H A K Mor4n charged that May jn 1D45 for the Mfet us a iic said Gen Douglas MacArthurs authority as supreme at Tokyo extends to the Manchurian area Information from the Chinese foreign office about the soviet proposal for operation of Man churian industry was made public by Byrnes simply by releasing a sartial text of the Chinese note This stated 1 On Jan 21 me the SQvlei government told the Chinese gov ernment that it regarded as war booty for soviet forces all Japa nese enterprises in Chinas north eastern provinces which had served the Japanese army The Chinese government rejected this soviet definition of war nooty On this point Byrnes did not comment directly Tuesday but he previously had said that the Unit ed States does not consider any country has the right to decide xvithout allied agreement what war booty it may take 2 In another memorandum to Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks headquarters the Russian govern ment proposed to hand over a part of the socalled war booty to China and called for joint op eration by China and Russia of specified remaining enterprises in rich Manchuria including coal mines power plants steel and chemical industries and cement plants The Chinese the foreign office note to Byrnes stated rejected this on the grounds it went beyond provisions of the Sinosoviet agreement of last August which strictly limited Russian postwar activity in Manchuria Along with the Chinese note Byrnes released the text of an American note sent to both Chungking and Moscow Feb 9 inquiring about what is going on in Manchuria The Chinese note was a reply to that inquiry but Byrnes said Moscow had not answered In the Feb 9 communication Byrnes made this declaration of policy Under present conditions when free access to Manchuria is not open to nationals of other powers and equality of opportunity in seeking participation in the eco nomic development of Manchuria is denied Americans and other al lied nationals it is felt that ne gotiations of agreements between the Chinese and Russian govern ments with regard to industries in Manchuria would be contrary to the principle of the open door would constitute clear discrimina uitin to another person informa tion which was calculated to be or might directly or indirectly be useful to the enemy Morgan told the court that May is charged on his own admission to Lieut Col Burt of the intelli corps with having communi information on atomic ener gy to another person but he re name or i onaJity of the other person fg a the jjiusecutor asserted that innntrior are still proceeding here and n mttter3 connMtion this Additional reports by the roy al commission investigatine al leged Russian espionage in Can Jilr to uiis disclosing new names of persons involved and further par ticulars of information the com ents WaS sought by soviet mT1ere was considerable puzzle ment in Canada at the commissions statement that soviet agents had been instructed to obtain informa tion relative to U S troop move ments particularly with reference to a score of specific units in most cases it was informa OI which had been published Jth in America and abroad and broadcast by radio The data vvas posted on situation maps in army headquarters throughout Germany and was available to Russian ob servers who worked at army level im the American armed forces Informed sources reasoned that we information was sought merely to check up on previously pub lished reports Among the dl the vvere Franco Refuses to Quit Post in Ouster Move by 3 Powers Sr h3S notice allied pressure intention of leaving office under that Franco appar declaration against his set forth his The note containing own affairs state said he did not know similar notes had been delivered simultaneously in Paris or in London American officials pinned their hopes Tuesday for overthrowing bpains Franco government al entirely on the possibility the Spanish army might force the generalissimo to yield to a caretaker regime The chance that any other group would be able 0 oust the Madrid dictator and set up a new govern ment as suggested in Monday mght s Anglo American Franch declaration is considered ex tremely hln since nc other force n Spains political life is believed lere to have enough power The declaration called on lead ng patriotic and liberalminded in lo about i bloodless revolution because of t rancos close ties with the Hitler Mussolini axis The pronounce ment was issued simultaneously in Washington London and Paris government radios and other mopaganda mechanisms were rought into instant play to make ertain that it reaches the Span sh people ussans interested were the Timberwolf division the ivision and the 45th Thun derbird division all of which moved out of Europe last sum mer he the United States released 15 hitherto ecret documents dug out of Ger nan government files These were esigned to show Francos close nd prolonged collaboration with Hitler and Mussolini involvin ronnses in 1940 and 1941 to takl pain into the war on the side of he axis The objective ot the German ar plans was to capture Gibral tar and strangle Britains empire Senate Votes Approval of Julius Krug WThe senate IUJI IM I Tuesday confirmed Krug as secretary ol The 3S year old lormer war SClw as can Julius A the interior former war in consent ana without debate A few hours earlier lie had been The committee acted in little more than an hour after the tall broadshouldered nominee was called up for questioning President Truman last week nominated Krug former war production board chairman to succeed Harold L Ickes who re a clispute grew out of the presidents nomination ol Edwin W Pauley to be under secretary of the navv The project fell through ac cording to statements which franco made to Hitler in a letter on Feb 26 1941 because Spain was incapable of existing without food imports Meanwhile the doc uments brought out Spain had agreed to help with the refueling Of German i in her in iitr waters and of German destroyers in the oay of Biscay Also Franco wrote Hitler that he was entirely and decidedly a your disposal mitcd in a com ICi cide and that of the cause which 1Cd and represent in As late as Dec 15 1943 Franco was quoted in a memorandum by Lennan Ambassador Hans Die choff as having told the envoy that an EnglishAmerican vic COLONEL ZABOTUfDnectly in charge of a network of un dercover agents supplying secret information on radar and other subjects to Russia was Colonel Zabofin military attache to Ihe Kussian embassy according to SpaviepSr2nent rCPOrtS vujinuLt tiear aiscrimma tion against Americans who might wish an opportunity to participate in the development of Manchur ian industry and might place American commercial interest at a distinct disadvantage in estab lishing future trade relations with Manchuria The first national election re turns broadcast by radio were those announcing the election of President Harding in 1920 HEAR PLEADINGS IN DAMAGE SUIT in the case Of VirPitiTa an Earth both of Greene against Conrad stacyville damage a5smgIrom the death of Ar thur Hayungs husband of plain tiff continued in district court here Tuesday Mrs Hayungs is suing for TJ of Mason City and Kalpn Zastrow Charles City were arguing the case for the de tendant Tuesday James Graven fave Monday for the He therefore was hoping with all his heart for the victory of Germany Diechoff said and he lad only one wish that this vic sibf come soon as nrv01iiday niShts declaration originally was proposed by the United States government after trance had asked for a 3 power review of relations with Spain and had closed her Spanish bor der The declaration stating tha there is no intention of interfer ing in the internal affairs of Spain added The Spanish peo ple themselves must in the long run work out their own destiny i The 3 governments it went on are hopeful that the Spanish people will not again be subjected to the horrors and bitterness of civil strife confrar is hoped that leading patriotic and liberal minded Spaniards may soon find means to bring about a peaceful withdrawal of Franco the abo lition of the falange Francos uniformed political organization and the establishment of an in terim or caretaker government under which the Spanish people may have an opportunity freely to determine the type of govern ment they wish to have and to choose their leaders Political amnesty return of JULIUS KRUG Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rain Tuesday night to lowed by clearing Wednesday afternoon No decided change in temperature with lowest Tues day night slightly above Ireez ght freezI settled before vaiuuian as lie hooks lirTnw center above sign over m St Louis Mo Tuesday to during a brief stop FOR HOME BILL House Republicans Against Ceilings Washington repub complete charge of home building legislation because ot a bloc of southern came forward Tuesday with their own substitute for the administra tion s battered down housing bill The G O Pdeep south coalition Monday defeated IG1 to D2 what President Truman called the heart of his homesforvetcrans programa provision callinc for SGOn000000 in federal subsi s boost output Qf scarcc materials without hikinp The same team last weekdenied thi other major administration re authority to put ceil ngs on all existing dwellings The republican bill would deny tfte government power to damn IPrf ft rmlnnr el tion Tuesday and east portion Wednesday forenoon clear n m afternoon No decided chance m temperature wwnge aiiiuvaty return of exiled Spaniards freedom of as sembly and political association and provision for free public elec lons are essential An interim government which would be and vould remain dedicated to these ends should receive the oving of Job Hazard azar Pittefield Mass During Jrank A Shepardson hat he was bitten more than O ones by vicious dogs IN MASON CITY oeloc Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Tuesday Precipitation YEAR AGO ling at 8 38 30 30 04 houses g issue t All the appeals of the vAit house Mr Trumans economi mgh command and Democrat National Chairman Roberf E SSSE swins enous v The housing legislation afte me administration suffered one after another still embodies these provisions as it came up f0 final disposition 1 Priorities for veterans on lame materials to construct Jmes in rural areas as well as 2 Price ccillngrs for new homes 3 Authority for the housing ad Approxi fde UnUed eneral Motors onTroposS hvh would vote on question of settlemen PRESS developments awaits answer from workers dispute bu dispute but abor of wage can be in industrys fabrirafinir wui utuiirunent offiriaic r oranch j5l rightto federal court approvalsheriff Jaephla plan to njuncfion banning mass nickeLwp r Would be violation of vithxCIO electric workers in Co meets 75000 employes i wall Excited Small Missouri Town Welcomes Churchill Truman Fulton Mo TI i coege town Tuesday relations by the British political TlTrtllfJ 1 n and Winston Missouri college town Tuesday for a mater speech on I if a coma relntmnc U speech on international the principle of common citizen ship but that we may be content Former Prime Minister Cautions Against Releasing Atom Secret F u It o n MO i n a t o n Churchill called Tuesday for a AngloAmerican military alliance with a blunt warning against he termed Russias desire for indefinite expansion of its power and doctrines Asserting that a showdown lias alien upon the scenes so lately by the allied victory the former British prime minister de clared in an address prepared for iclivery at Westminster college lore Nobody knows what soviet Russia and its communist inter national organization intends to do in the immediate future or viiat are the limits if any to heir expansive and proselyting ondencies Britains vartime leader jravely declared that prevention if another great war can only c achieved by reaching now in 940 a good understanding on all xiiiils will Russia under Hie gen authority of the united na ions organization While he said he does not be ieve that the soviet union de ires war Churchill attributed to tie Russians a desire for t h e ruits of vjir and the indefinite xpansion of their power and doc rines From that I have seen ot our ussian friends and allies during lie war I am convinced that here is nothing they admire so nuch as strength and there is nothing for which they have lesi espect than for military weak ness said the veteran statesman He cautioned against releasing he secret of the atomic bomb at his tijiie Churchill Introduced by Presl ent Truman who accompanied im here from Washington said e wanted to make clear that he poke only for myself and that e had no official mission Members of Churchrls old reporters privately during the rain trip westward however lat Churchill had discussed his peech in advance with lie Earl Halifax retiring British am assador They added that it was nlikely the former prime minis r would speak out on so impor nt a subject if he thought it ight prove an irritant to Brit i Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin icy said too that Mr Truman as given an opportunity to look er the text Monday night Churchill leader of the Attlce vernmcnts loyal opposition as serted that the United States al ready has a permanent defense agreement with Canada and added that this principle should be extended to all the British com monwealths with full reciprocity He advocated continuance the intimate relationships between our military advisers leading to common study of potential dang ers similarity of weapons and manuals of instruction and in terchange of officers and cadets at college and joint use of all and air bases in the posses sion of either country all over the world Eventually the qloquent Brit isher continued there may come j iizaoer will speak on The Sinews of f0rmer minister They arrived inearly afternoon from nearby Jefferson Pitv ih state where they left presidential special train which In IB AMU ptfJON LEADS IN ARGENTINA VOTE Buenos Aires Junn D Peron laborite candidate in the Argentine presidential election ieb 24 held an indicated elec toral vote total of 198 9 more than the number required for victory Dr Jose Tamborini democratic union candidate trailed with an indicated total of 72 ufam Hum rabllingion The tense atmosphere of a grea1 occasion took hold of this cloistered little midwestern college own Tuesday aroundthe modest stage set for a major address by Winston Churchill on The Einews of Peace All was done that could be done o faciliatc the handling ot a crowd up lo 5 times the size of Fultons iOOO population Right up to the bis moment Fulton wore a carni val air despite an overnight driz le The small creekpierced cam SJi college was Jped off and forbidden to all but icket holders at the crack of dawn nd Missouri state guardsmen were Hrdered posted at 179 intersec ions Here they call it Cday with ull honors for the eloquent man rom Westminster London or C Ld5 jithia of tribute or President Truman who in and of intro omgtuuent 01 mtro ucng the former prime minister gymnasium at Few people in Hawaii Mason Cityan Due to Land in Seattle Tech Kearney L Hickox is due to arrive m Seattle Tuesday aboard the Admiral Eberle it was reported in an AP dispatch re POlTToH ceived here Study Resources Watertown S Dak sible exploitation of mineral re sources and provisions to facili tate their movement are being considered in the army engineers Plan for Missouri river basin de velopment Maj Gen Lewis A Pick said here ussa an I agree with Mr Bevin that might well be a 50 years treaty mat w u may uu conieilt to leave to destiny whose out stretched arm so many of us can clearly see Turnins to the atomic bomb Churchill said that in view of the uncertain world situation it would he wrontr and imprudent for the United States Britain anil Canada to confide the secret to the UNO while that ascncy is still In its infancy No one in any eountrv he observed has slept less well in their beds because this knowledge and the method and the raw ma erials to apply it arc at present largely retained in American hands I do not believe we should nave slept so soundlv had the po sitions been reversed and some communists or NeoFascist state monopolized for the time being these dread agencies The fear of them alone might easily have been used to enforce totalitarian sys tems upon the free democratic world with consequences appal linc to the human imagination 1 he special relationship ho advocated between the United States and the United Kingdom Churchill said would not be in consistent with the loyalties ot those countries to the united na tions organizations Instead he went on it probably would be the only means by which that organization will achieve its full stature and strength The British he said have a 20 year treaty of collaboration ana V TUl2lf I i
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