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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 22, 1946, Mason City, Iowa i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS 5Per Cent UNITED STATES UPTOI622000 No Pay Negotiations Reported Between CIO and Steel Producers By THE ASSOCIATED PEESS The first effects of the para steel strike began to be felt Tuesday as the countrys big gest work stoppage closed steel making and fabricating plants and affected construction railroads and public utilities but there was no report of wage negotiations between the CIO United Steel workers and major steel pro ducers Meanwhile the nations strike total stood at 1622000 per sons production dropped to less than 5 per cent of capacity a 53 year low As strikers took up Picket lines in plants In 29 states only z instances of violence both In Ohio were reported CIO President Philip Murray in a radio speech Monday night said the strike in support of wage in crease demands was precipitated by an evil conspiracy among American big business which has set out to destroy labor unions to provoke strikes and economic chaos and mulct the American people through uncontrolled prof its and inflation There was no Immediate reply from manage ment InWashington President Tru man whose proposal of an18 cents an hour wage increase was accepted by the CIOUSW and rejected by U S SteelCorp he said We are having many troubles now as a result of turmoil and dissatisfaction with wages and hours and conditions of work But I am not pessimist I think this country is too great to allow personal disturbances and interior SHORT CLAIMS HE IS IN ROLE OF SCAPEGOAT Says War Department Has Passed Buck for Pearl Harbor Disaster KAISESSeveral thousand jna Japan demanding an increase of 300 per cent their wages One of the Jap leaders left waves a before the crowd AP Wirephoto K and A UNO Faces Test as Russia Asks Steps Against British Troops in Greeee and Java turmoil to prevent us from enjoy ing what I consider to be the greatest age in the history of the world Mondays idle because of labor disputes jumped nearly 800000 bringing the total number of workers away from their jobs to 1622000 the highest since shortly after the end of World War I In addition to the 750000 steelwork ers other walkouts involved 30 000 CIO united farm equipment workers in 10 International Har vester company plants and 5000 CIC metal mines and smelter workers in Utah In Detroit the wage demands precipitated the strike of 17o000 workers in General Mo tors plants 2 months ago was back to 30 per cent increases The CIO united auto workers had set Monday midnight as a deadline for acceptance by the corporation of a compromise pro posal of 19J4 cents an hoar wage hike as recommended by a fact finding board The deadline passed without comment from General Motors Elsewhere in Detroit the union held further wage negotiations Tyith the Ford Motor company and planned to resume discus sions with Chrysler Corp Wednes day Chrysler announced an ad ditional 3600 workers had been laid off because of the glass shortage created before the recent settlement of the strike in the glass industry Labor department officials planned a meeting Tuesday in an attempt to end the countrys third biggest strike a walkout a week ago of 200000 CIO electrical ap pliance workers employed in plants operated by the General Electric Westinghouse and Gen eral Motors Union representa tives of the CIO united electrical workers and representatives of General Electric and Westing house companies agreed to meet to discuss the wage dispute The problems of Greece and Java wer tossed into the lap of the unitet nations organization Tuesday b soviet delegates providing a ful scale test of the ability of th great powers to cooperate withi the UNO Referringto the soviet action British Prime Minister Attlee answer to questions in common said Tuesday that the British aim ed only at an amicable settle ment between the Dutch govern ment and Indonesian nationalist In Java He made no mention o Greece which also has a Britis occupation force Soviet delegates earlier ha asked the security council to in vestigate and take measure against the maintenance of Brit Jsh troops in Greece and Java In Athens Premier Themis tokles Sophoulis said Tuesdaj British military forces are in Overdoes Plan to Show Real Love for Husband Angeles Mrs Vir ginia McElhiney told police Tues day that she fed her husband ant paste in his coffee so I could nurse him and convince him that I loved him But her husband died I wanted to make him sick so I could nurse him and convince I j7ed him and no one rise Mrs McElhiney 28 sobbed mean to kill him Greece with the full consent the Greek government and in earnest collaboration with it in maintaining Declaring the Java situation ap pearecl improved Attlee expressed the hope that conversations be tween Dr J J Van Mook acting governor general of the Nether lands East Indies and Indonesian nationalists would be resumed short y He said if a fuller state ment were required it would have to come from Foreign Secre tary Ernest Bevin The prime minister spoke in answer to questions from Laborite Tom Dnberg and Conservative Capt L D Gammans 4vVTv Pfficia3s Privately agreed that the charges against Britain made by delegates representing the soviet union and the Ukraine coupled with earlier charges made by Iran against Russia had ended tne honeymoon period of the UNO American delegates were play ing down talk of a crisis in the world peace agency but it was apparent the organization was confronted with some of the toughest problems it could be asked to meet Some Americans privately that the United apparently was moving into a middle man position between Russia and Britain Both the Iranian appeal against Russia and the soviet appeal against Britain were based on ar ticle 35 of the united nations charter and both called for action by the 11member security coun cil The RussianBritish case how ever is the first involving 2 of the mlmbeL COUncUs 5 Permanent Russian complaints filed the security council late Monday night accused Britain of endangering world peace and in terfering with the internal affairs or Greece and Java specu lated that the Russians acted to build a counterfire against the CONGRESS BALKS ON TRUMAN PLAN Washington Congress ongress showed little inclination Tuesday to speed action on President Tru mans 3 point military program Members looked with particular skepticism at Mr Trumans re Quest in his state of the union message for an extension of the draft act beyoud its May 15 ex piration date Aside from saying he has no plans for early consideration of the extension Chairman May D Ky of the house military com mittee withheld comment on the presidents plea not only for the draft continuance but for merger of the army and navy and for uni versal military training But Mays colleagues on the committee said privately they see little chance for action on the draft law before the end of March as requested by the president Currently congress is more dis turbed about demobilization than additional mobilization a j G e i Walter C Short contended Tues day that the war department in years of silence had attempted t single him out as the scapegoa for the disaster at Pearl Harbor In a 13000 word statemen placed before the senatehouse in vestigatingr committee the retired Hawaiian army commander said his superior officers in Washing ton had passed the buck to him until the congressional inqutrj forced the revelation of facts Short asserted the war depart ment had 4 years to admit i should have acted before Dec 7 1941 on his Wov 27 report tha he had alerted his troops only against sabotage But the firs such admission of responsibility he said came from Gen George C Marshall former chief staff and Lt Gen L T Gerow for mer war plans head in the cur rent hearings This was the first time the 65 year old general has had an op portunity to testify in public Rec ords of his previous testimony be fore the Roberts commission and army inquiry boards already have been released by the committee In a separate opening state ment Tuesday Short said he was sure that I would have arrive at the conclusionthat would be attacked and would have gone on an hac received all the information Washington had on the situation Short asserted he was not per mitted to hear other witnesses nor to crossexamine them in the Roberts eommissioft investigation He did not read the evidence taken by the commission until August 1944 he said He added that after he appeared before the army Pearl Harbor board where he did not hear or question other witnesses he was allowed to read the top secret part of its testimony only when the congressional committee be gan its hearing House Group Votes Version of Fact Bill Washington The house la Set Hearing in Murder of Violet Hoover Sioux City A hearing has een set for Thursday on a motion by the attorney for Violet Hoover who is charged with first degree murder in connection with the death of her husband Don Hoov er asking a continuance of the until the March term If the case is tried this term of Carlos Goltz Mrs Hoovers Attorney declared in his motion he publicity attendant on the trial of Cavanell Hoover last week vould be detrimental to the inter ests ot his client bor committee Tuesday approved a modified version of President Trumans proposal for factfind ing boards to handle major indus trial disputes The 10 to 8 vote came after the committee had rejected 15 to 5 a motion to approve without change the legislation asked by Mr Tru man The measure accepted by the group Was drafted by Rep Landis RInd It would set up the fact finding boards but not give them the power to subpoena wit nesses books and records It also would eliminate a sec Dwight STOUP addresses the general Socialists Man as French Head Paris socialist party Died unanimously Tuesday to propose Gen DeGaulles former minister of state Socialist Vin cent Auriol as new president ot he French government 13ie vote by the socialist par lamentary group came after the ommumsls had failed lo win upport cither from the conser vative popular republicans or the socialists for a proposed commu iistled government The socialists choice came after long party debate on whether o back Auriol or Felix Gouin ocialist president of the consiit ent assembly whom the commu ists proposed Tuesday Tor the residency after withdrawing heir own candidate Maurice horez Popular republican circles indl ated Auriol would be acceptable them as a candidate and it was hen up to the communists to ac ept or reject Auriol The radical socialist parliamen ary group said it would not sup sp ort Auriol declaring in favor of nflVwM womcn representing units of the ServicemensWive The constituent assembly meet ng briefly voted to go into scs on Wednesday to elect a succes or to DeGaulle ae Both the subpoena power and the cooling off period has been urged by the president Ask Peacetime CAP Des Moines Col Don C Johnston Iowa wing commander of the civil air patrol will join representatives of other state wings of the CAP in making rec ommendations to the army air forces for the peacetime CAP pro gram Johnston will go to Wash ington Feb 10 SUI Gets Grant for Study on Iowa City National Foundation of Infantile Paralysis has granted the University of Iowa for a 5year continuation of a study of the physiology of nerves and muscles it was an nounced Monday night The work started in 1340 Recruit Social Workers Washington hundred social workers are being recruited by the veterans administration in a campaign to expand its against a window the 5stnr w answer sorted questions fired at him simultaneously by almost all of the women May finally insisted that one of I the talking and Mrs Dorothy Galomb Wilkinsburg ta secretary of the group was designated spokesman ihe fltly Ul a i mothers husbands are in service arc dissatisfied with demobilization Procedure and claimed that one out of every 3 marriages is end ing in divorce with service fam ilies involved in most of them Declaring that mothers while trusting their husbands look with alarm at pictures of fraterniza n servicemen overseas she asked Eisenhower How do you think we moth ers feel Manlaw wont stand tius isolation Eisehower when he aoi a chance to get in a few words told the women there are about 700 000 fathers in the army and every thingis being done to get them out in an orderly manner as rap idly as possible If I drop them out today re gardless of their eligibility for re lease he said there will be no army Eisenhower said replacements are being obtained and trained as rapidly as possible He promised the delegation he would person ally handle any formal program they submitted Eisenhower sympathized with mothers who want their husbands back But he added single men m the army claim they have a right to go home get married and get their families started After about half an hour ot questioning May broke up the meeting with this statement MK vji ReportJZconomic Outlook Bright Except Strikes Br AtBRO B GREGORY CONGRESS FOR PRICE CONTROLS Seem Inclined to Support Extension Washington Congress seemed inclined Tuesday to sup port some extension of price con trols and to keep taxes at a high level But the remainder of Pres ident Trumans domestic legisla tive program provoked as mud criticism as praise Republicans sparked the criti cism with Senator Bridges It N II observing to reporters thai the presidents 30000word re a counting of administration aim ought to be labelled a messag on the sorry stale of the union On the other hand Senate Mead D N Y commented that the presidents economic propos als are sound and necessary Not all comment however fol lowed party lines Among 25 requests in his state of the union message Monday Mr Truman asked for a full years extension of price controls The reaction was mixed on this score but most legislators who were asked about it said they thought some curbs must be retained to prevent runaway inflation Congressional fiscal experts ap pearcd pretty well agreed that Mr Trumans opposition would prevent any substantial tax cuts this year George D Ga of the senate finance committee Mid he figures that even if reconver sion and production go ahead without too much interruption mrstrlkes revenues still may fall short of meet ing a outlay By AlBRO B GREGORY Washington latest of ficial reports Tuesday showed the conomic outlook bright on nearly II for strikes Employment in December slight exceeded that of December fc a pe3k war Production month Average industrial nay np a little bit after taking vJ slump Unemployment increased too assmg 2000000 as service per onnel sought civilian pursuits As result of the General Motors nke which began last month lan days lost through strikes rose harply in December Government spending was well elow that of December 1944 Between November and Decem nnS was an increase of 390 000 in the labor force The labor force is composed of those able and wanting to work Compared 3L 1944 the increase was 2580000 mostly the result of release of men and women from the armed forces for the most part Employment Increased over No and December I Over December 1944 the hi employment rolls was 1240000 for a tofal of Sth Decemier 191SCompared with last November the employ ment increase was 80000 Most of this increase obviously was absorbed by retail and service trades hardhit for man power during the years Unemployment in December rose to 2020000 from 1710000 in the previous month and 680000 in December J9M Man days lost through strikes in December were estimated at 7500000 compared with 6100 000 in November 386806 in Decem ber 1944 The increase over No vember was due for the most part to the General Motors strike The retail price index advanced fractionally to 1292 between Oc tober and November latest date for which figures are available It was 1266 in November 1944 This means that the cost Jiving was up somewhat over the year Farmers are getting belter prices for their produce The farm price index stood at 207 2 points above that of November 7 points higher than December 1944 The weekly average industrial in October latest month by the department of labor was up from the previous month It stood at S4102 in October against in September in October 1344 whenOver time pay boosted worker income The federal reserve industrial production index was 168 in De cember against 170 in November and 232 in December 1944 This was attributed mainly to strikes m industry However the double Christmas holiday vcas a factor Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday with lowest Tuesday night about Iowa Fair with rising temper atures Tuesday night aay wanner Minnesota Fair and warmer Tues day night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Tuesday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum EXPECT ACTION SOON BY US IN PACKINGSTRIKE Report Administration May Offer New Price increases on Meat Washington 0P The white house disclosed officially acknowl edged Tuesday that seizure of the nations meat packing industry is under consideration Shortly afterward it was learned that Secretary of Labor Schwcl lenbaeh was seeking to determine hcthcr the striking workers ould return to their jobs if such action is taken A government official who pre ferred to remain anonymous said that leaders of the CIO meat packing union were in Washing ton to discuss the situation with Schwellenbach This official said the AFL meatpacking union which is participating in the strike had indicated it would return to worK in the event government sei zure It was understood the govern ment would not seize without def initely determining that govern ment control would end the strike Tuesdays white house state ment was the first official ac knowledgement there that seizure vas under consideration Preparations for federal seizure of tie raeatpaeking industry were known to be well advanced There were reports however that the administration might of fer a new set of price increases to the packers whose plants have been closed 6 days by a walkout of 263000 workers prior to sei zure action Despite the dubious general out look President Truman sounded a hopeful note ti We are having many troubles now he remarked at the white house Monday as a result of tur moil and dissatisfaction with wages and hours and conditions work But I am not a pessimist I hink this country is too great to allow personal disturbances and nteripr turmoil to prevent us from enjoying what I consider to be the greatest age in the history of the world Sources close to the meat iiidus ry reported the new price formu opposed by the OP A Ut favored by the agriculture de involve a gov ernment commitment to purchass ome 3000000000 pounds of meat it a price increase of 35 cents a hundred pounds In addition he price of meat to ivilian wholesalers would be in reascil 25 cents a hundred pounds hcsc sources said Previously the ovemments proposed civilian Trice increase was set for 12H ents a hundred pounds with vholesaieis cither o absorb the aise or receive higher subsidies so no increase would result for onsumers There was no infor mation on whether this arrange ment would be altered The meat industry it was ex plained probably would accept he new formula as the basis for ranting wage demands of the Inking CIO and AFL unions The IO is demanding a 17 cent ourly wage increase and the AFL s seeking 20 cents after with rawing a conditional offer to ettle for 15 cents The price formula it was un erstood would include commit ments by the government to buy 500000000 pounds of meat for verseas commitments and I for army consumption Although toplevel white house dvisers kept tightlipped silence n the governments next move t was learned that action when it omes will be directed first to ard restoring meat to the dinner able rather than relief of steel ungry industry Key man in the meat situation s Edwin E Wiitc chairman of the ederal factfinaing board which lanncd to open public hearings n the meal strike Tuesday in was understood that ijte is being given every pos ble chance to mediate he waze ispute A powerful factor in the seizure Jscussions was the feeling here hat while the packinghouse orkers might go back to work ith the government as boss the eaction of the steclworkers was ot as certain Secretary of Agriculture Ander n told newsmen Monday that hemcat strike if unchecked ould mean a revival of black narkets in eggs and poultry a ernble wastage of feedstuffs nd failure to meet U S obliga ons to Europe
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