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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 3, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL m Associated Pies5 and United Press Pull Leased Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents 4 MASQiV CUT IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 3 1916 Packing Strike Threat for Hogs NATURES up Willow creek toward the footbridge in East parl this picture reveals something of natures artistry that greeted Mason Cityans Thurs even buildingshad a fairyland General Homma on Trial for Truman to Air in Bataan Death March Situation on Labor Dispute C GenMasaharu Homma charged with responsi bility for the Bataan death march and thousands of other atrocities went on trial for his life Thursday He promptly heard the prosecution assertthat he has no rights under the U S constitution and that he is being tried for violations of the laws of humanity Lt Paul W While Lincoln Nebr of the prosecution staff said Japanese government has informed the U S army that Homma is not entitled to be treated as tenant general Although not dis charged dishonorably in the west ern sense of the term the stooped and aged Homma Is in complete disgrace at home because of his military failure in the Philippines In 1943 White explained Homma with overpowering numbers required too long to con quer Bataan and Corregidor to please Tokyo and thus delayed Japans southward advance Hommas appearance in court ina white suit instead of in uni form presumbly is because of this reported disgrace Homma stared at his hands while prosecution and defense at torneys argued whether a U S military commission has author ity to try him in a land where civil courts exist Attorneys for both sides said in formally awaiting the US supreme courts actionohthe appeal of Lt Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita recently convictedof condoning uncounted horrors by his troops and sent enced to be hanged The Yamashita trial first war crimes hearing in the Pacific set many precedents Attorneys will have to gauge their actions by the supreme courts rulings White said the prosecution is prepared to link Homma much more closely with his troops crimes than was the case in the Yamashita trial He pointed out that Hommas headquarters were less than a quarter rrile from the road on which for 20 successive days the pitiful Bataan prisoners were marched He also said the prosecution has proof that Hom mas headquarters ordered the ex ecution of Chinese consul General Kwangson Young and his staff CHINESE BEOS ACCEPT ENVOY Chungking com munists accepted Thursday Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiSheks of fer to call in Gen George C Mar shall as a mediator in Chinas civil strife Communist authorities here an nounced that they agreed in gen eral with Chiangs plan to halt hostilities but they were laying down specific conditions The formal communist reply Irom Yenan the partys North China headquarters was handed to government delegates at a for mal peace meeting The custom of wearing rings was transmitted by the Greeks and Etruscans to the Romans Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and foggy Thursday night followed by rain Friday Not so cold Thursday night with low about 18 Iowa Generally fair Thursday be coming mostly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with oc casional light rain or drizzle extreme east portion Friday wanner Thursday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Thurs IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 25 1 4 trace Washington IP President Trumans report to the nation by raido Thursday night will deal with the whole labor situation the white house said Thursday The president had practically finished the half hour talk to start at 9 p m CST when he began receiving his first callers Thurs day morning The speech has been described by party leaders as an overall re port on the presidents legislative proposals and an effort by the chief executive to stimulate in terest by direct appeal to the peo ple in the hope that this will be reflected in congress where his program has bogged down Asked at his news conference Thursday whether the speech would emphasize current labor management strife Press Secre tary Charles G Hoss replied that the whole labor situation would be covered GENERAL HOMMA StarkDenies Advance Dope on Nip Attack Washington Harold R Stark said Thursday that so far as he knew there was no ad vance information in Washington that the Japanese would attack Pearl Harbor Dec 7 1941 In 1911 chief of naval opera tions made the statement in con curring with an assertion by Sen ator Lucas TJ 111 at a joint congressional hearing that reports of such advance knowledge were utterly without foundation in fact Stark testified before the sen atehouse committee investigating the Pearl HarborNdisaster that 1 He knew of no one in any official position who knew in ad vance the precise hour or place of attack 2 He knew of no man or group of men who maneuvered the 1941 Japanese situation to invite at tack On the contrary we were trying to maintain peace he said He knew of no one who as Lucas put it trapped or lied the Japanese into attack so as to make it easier for congress give a declaration of war Then said Lucas after em phasizing Starks close connec tions with President Roosevelt and cabinet members all rumors and speculation and newspaper ar ticles about men high in the gov ernment knew the precise time and place of attack are utterly without foundation in fact STRIKE BRINGS BIG THREAT IN PHONE SERVICE Strike in Electric Company to Affect 17400 Employes By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A strike affecting 17400 West Western Electric on Strike DECKER PLANT QUITS MARKET PRICES SLUMP uiiu uuer ii jieuminary examinaAI11 uiincu oieei vvor tion said that he apparently had Ie demanding a a day i died instantly increase the packinghouse w With the aid of 2 truckers he inj liitj ui t L UUritMTS Jlc nciv e was taken to the hospital here hour wage hike where a physician said that he company Besides his wife Mrs Grace Larson he leavesxS sons to Lt Edward Larson Harold and Paul Larson both in California That is my opinion said the whitehaired admiral Churchill to Arrive in Miami Beach Jan 17 Miami Beach Fla Col Frank Clarke announced Thurs day that Churchill will mnesota mosuy ciouay Miamj Beach on Jan 17 day night and Friday followed by snow north and rain or snow riv south portion Friday afternoon f Churchill will be accompanied by Mrs Churchill and their daughter Mrs Sarah Oliver Papgr Consists ot Two One Strike Picture At a Glance 382000 Workers Idle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Continuing labor disputes in nation keep idle about 382 000 Major labor developments London Williim set Ulited Packinghouse Ha v in 147 ot Plants in German air waves died a sunnmt nf rf woruers m MY ol countrys plants in German airwaves died a traitors 23 cents an hour wage rate increase walk death Thursday morning on the gallows ptWandsworth prison jys secretary OE Agriculture Anderson i atfectinB Western Electric 40 year old Americanborn company employes m 21 New York City and northern New Jersey Joyce who sod his voice to Adolf oL out over wage dSPue may bring sympathy strike Hitler as a radio propagandist at telephone workers throughout nation he outset of the Avar was ex Western Union Telegraph companys CIO employes in New York utcd shortly affer 9 a m 3 a rote to strike next Tuesday in protest against war labor board direc mCST high treason charges j lauur uoara airec 0 ive granting higher wages which AFL employes prepared to ac of which he was convicted by a ern Electric company employes ce 7000 would cut service between nations metro BriUsl court last Sept 19 in New York City and New Jer polljand rest of tlle country ev beean ThnrArinv iirinmno United Electrical Workers union nlan to set for 200000 workers in General Electric Gen ual Motors and Westinghouse Electric sey began Thursday bringing a threat of a shutdown in national telephone service Joseph A Beirnc president of the Independent National Feder ation of Telephone Workers said members of 48 unions in the fed eration had been asked lo auth orize a national sympathy strike He said a work stoppage by the unions claimed membership of wage Doosl r 260000 paying members would d 30 per cent hlke resume Monday MERCHANT DIES ON RABBIT HUNT New Hampton Pioneer Heart Attack Victim New HamptonFred Larson 73 one of the best known busi nessmen in New Hampton died suddenly about p m Wednes day while hunting rabbits with his son LtEdward Larson a navy officer now on terminalleave and Robert Benner rural mail carrier here The men were in a field near highway 18 three miles west of here having just started hunting when the younger men noticed that the elder Larson had not kept up with them They found him with his shotgun still in his hands They carried him a short dis tance but found they were unable to reach the car as the snow was too deep and Mr Larson was heavy man Mr Benner went to the highway and stopped a car which happened to be operated by a Missouri physician who went into the field 200000 union members and after a preliminary examina nTri affect some 450000 Bell System employes The Western Electric strike and threat of a sympathy walkout was the latest of several fast breaking developments on the la bor front the last few days which threatened 1o boost the number of idle to more than a million and a half in the next few weeks The Western Electric strike got under way about the time the white house announced that President Truman would discuss the whole labor situation in a report to the nation Thursday Tbft dations for dealing with labor disputes have been bogged down in congress The Western Electric strike af fected 21 plants in New York City and northern New Jersey Henry Mayer counsel for the Western Electric Employes association one of G unions operating in plants of the American Telephone and Tele graph company subsidiary said employes in the companys plants on the west coast Hawthorne 111 Baltimore and Haverhill Mass were not affected They are rep resented by the other 5 unions he said but added he would seek to get their support TheWestern Electric Employes association is seeking a 30 per cent wage rate boost The company said it would grant 15 per cent Wages were the chief issue in each of the disputes between un ions and the steel packine elec trical and telephone Industries Strikes in 2 of the industries steel and packing already have been set by CIO union for Jan 14 by some 700000 steel workers and for Jan 16 in 147 of the countrys meat packing plants The CIO United Steel ers have asked for Workers wage ork 25 cents an The starting time of a country me siarung time ot a country had died instantly from a heart at wide strike by 200000 electrical workers employed in plants of the Strike Hits Iowa Iowa plants to be affected in clude the Tobin Packing company plants at Eslhervillo and Fort Dodge Jacob E Decker at Mison City Rath at Waterloo Iowa Pack ing at Des Moines and Perry Mor rell at Ottumwa and Swift Cuda hy and Armour at Sioux City JURY INDICTS EXGOVERNOR New Orleans federa court grand jury here Thursday Motors corporation and Westing indicted former Governor James house Electrical company proba A Noe and 3 others charging conbly will be decided by officials o spiracy to obstruct justice in the the CIO United Elpntriml Wnriror income tax trials of wealthy Wil liam T Burton Lake Charles La oil operator Both trials ended in mistrials Fisher Pleads Guilty to Charges of Murder Cedar Rapids 0P Clark W Fisher 36 who was to have gone on trial Thursday on firstdegree murder charges pleaded guilty to 2nd degree murder Wednesday and was sentenced to life impris Auditor Dies onment at Fort MadisWpeni Des Moines W tentiary Parker 6S auditor for the Iowa The charges were filed in con state tax commission died at a nection with the shbotin of his nOSpitalT TJlursday last May 19 11 r Thompson ac plea and sen hearing 2 state in a 40 minute hearing after a brief illness Parker was engaged in the banking business Judge G K cepted Fishers uaniung ousmess cepied risners plea ai at Maxwell Iowa before coming tenced him after hearing i to Des Moines 3 years ago the CIO United Electrical Workers at a meeting in New York Satur day In strike votes the workers favored a work stoppage unless the companies granted a S2 a day wage boost The threatened walkout in volving about 260000 of the na tions telephone workers came as a strike by 17000 workers in 21 New York and New Jersey plants of the Western Electric company began Government conciliators and other officials in Washington acted to halfthe impending work stop pages After the Packinghouse Workers Union announced its strike Sec retary of Agriculture Anderson said the proposed walkout would not only disrupt meat distribu tion but would upset farm live stock marketing schedules at a time when livestock feed supplies are tight Haw Haw Pays Price ouse ecrc Two months old strike of 4000 AFL em Bus Lines operating in 18 eastern and mid TOfrT 15 not expected to begin until Saturday nnn nin indication strike Jan 14 of 700 000 CIO Steel Workers will be averted of Motors and CIO United 44 day Etrike 175000 work settled with 155 per cent wage boost negotiations on unions an f PICKET ON JOB Alex Orr 47 paces tack and forth in front of the Michigan avenue auto sales agency at Chi cago 111 he has picketed a long time Tiic picket line was estab lished in 1039 Orr is the 3rd picket AP Wirephoto K A engr Citrus Fruits Back Under Price Ceiling Washington fyP Oranges grapefruit arid lemons go back under price ceilings Friday and OPA plans to take plenty of time before authorizing any future control suspensions AJhjgh official ol the agency asking that hJsiiianie tsetfsed said that because citrus prices rose like they did we are going to be exceedingly careful about removing any more ceilings The order restoring citrus ceil ings announced Wednesday night was issued after a month of ar gument by OPA that the action should be taken and contentions up to the last few days by the agriculture department that it should not be Even after agriculture officials agreed they held out for making the order effective Sunday OPA favored putting it on the books Thursday This dispute went on all day Wednesday before a compromise making Fridaythe effective date was reached In holding out for Sunday he agriculture department took the posuion dealers should be given a chance to dispose of citrus fruit for which they paid more than the ceiling prices which were sus pended last November 19 OPA noted that the original suspension order had warned that ceilings would be reestablished without warning if prices were not kept in line Stabilization Director John C Collet finally ruled there was no justification for holding up the order until Sunday An OPA official said that un der a plan for reestablishing re tail ceilings prices for citrus may be a little higher for a few days then they were just Mnro fh 7B nnn ulen Lncy were Just before the Minister Winston Churchill and closed will last he Mrs Churchill will leave Jan 0 to the h dded retailers are aboard the QueenElizabeth for at0nal on the usual basis for calcu their American vacation Jt was ioruectioners association latmg ceilings announced Thursday on Gallows Joyce of the lerman air waves died a traitors dropped from ceilings for the first He died on the same scaffold where John Amery 33 year old ion of a former British cabinet nember was hanged on Decl9 on treason charges growing out of similar radio activities Only a small group of prison officials saw Joyce plunge through the trap Under English law no spectators may witness an execution Execution of the death sentence announced in 2 typewritten Strike Threat and Holding of Hogs in December Is Reason North Iowa farmers got another taste Thursday of what it means to market too many hogs in one day as Jacob E Decker and Sons at Mfison City went off the market entirely and prices at Chicago time in a month Observers agreed that two LORD HAW HAW sheets which wereposted outside the prison gates shortly after the hanging Prison officialssaid Joyce walked to the gallows from his death cell his arms pinioned be hind him with the broad black strap used in countless executions Joyces death under leaden skies in the stonewalled prison court yard ended a fantastic caieer which led him from fascist street fights in England to aninfamous place as Hitlers No 1 English language broadcaster Nazi Propaganda Minister Jos eph Gocbbels paici Joyce 60 a week for his radio work which consisted of 4 daily broadcasts Churchill Sails Jan 9 iow London Prime before the Minister Winston Churchill and things particularly contributed to the heavy run I The fear thai a packinghouse workers strike would tie up their market indefinitely beginning Jan 1G when the CIOTJPW has served notice that its members will stop work in JU7 major plants in the nation Z Holding of hogs in December for marketing after New Year when tlic income tax rate dropped Because of the heavy run Deck ers did not establish a market Thursday according to P J Thogerson manager of the local plant a branch ot Armours He added that they expected to be back in the market by Saturday at the latest Wednesdays run was one of the heaviest on record for the Iowa hog market Thogerson said and he reported also an obvious in clination since Thursday on the part of cattle feeders to begin moving their stock to market He was somewhat inclined to minimize the possibility of a ser ious glut however believing thafT 10 days of orderly marketing should takecare of hogs ready for slaughter j Farmers will be well advised to market hogs slowly and carefully during January according to El mer W Krause chairman of the Ceno Gordo county AAA com mittee He declared that every hog on Iowa farms can bring ceiling price it it is held for the right market There is not too much pork he stated In fact the demand is great enough to take all farm ers can produce but if hogs go to market in runs too great for packers to handle prices will break as they did the week end ing Dec 1 when a large number of hoffs had to be helfl over and prices dropped from GO cents to 110 below the ceiling Not only should farmers hold back hogs if runs are forcing prices down he pointed out they should also move hogs if prices indicate the market can handle them Otherwise hogs will be backed up on the farms and cause a break in prices later on Support prices for hogs can not be effective if glutted mar kets force packers to use their only slow down runs he declared Farmers stand to gain or lose money by keeping this marketing under control The Decker plant has not yet been forced to book hogs this winter the manager said but at times has limited the number marketed both at its stations and at the plant Marion E Olson county extension director advised all farmers to get in touch with their market before hauling any hogs TRAFFIC IS of a truck loaded with chewing gum which over turned and burned blocks traffic near the end of the Holland tunnel New York WIVES MAY JOIN OVERSEAS CIS War Department Studies New Plan Frankfurt UR Officers and uppergrade sergeants of the American occupation force will be joined in Germany by their wives and families starting about April 1 if the war department approves a plan now in its hands it was Kined Thursday A detailed plan for he transfer of 90000 women and children from the United Slates to military posts in Germany has been ap proved by the European theater headquarters and submitted to Washington Occupation force soldiers eli gible to have their families with them in Germany include all of ficers and noncommissioned of ficers with the rating of staff ser geant or higher This rule com plies with standard procedure governing military posts Each military post will have 3000 inhabitants under the USFET plan The greatest prob lems will be school facilities and I medical care a survey showed
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