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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 7, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME t O v P DEPARTMENT OF HISTOhY AND ARCH I VES MO I NES 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Md United pre FUU uasrt wire Five Cenis a COPT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY DECEMBER 7 This Paper Consists at Two Oaf NO 51 YAMASHITA GETS DEATH SENTENCE SEARCH PUSHED FOR 5 MISSING NAVY BOMBERS 5 Navy Airplanes Mysteriously Lost in Routine Flight Miami Fla fortytwo navy planes roared over the Atlantic at dawn Friday in search of 5 navy torpedo bombers which mysteriously disappeared on a routine training flight The planes joined a fleet of sur face craft including carriers de stroyers and coast guard cutters which were scouring the sea off the Florida for a sign of the missing bombers and a sixth plane which reportedly crashed during an earlier search The 5 bombers carrying 14 navy personnel were missing since Wednesday It was the first time in naval air history that a whole flight of planes disappeared without trace Thirteen other navy men were listed as missing aboard the huge mariner patrol bomber which re portedly crashed in flames into the sea Wednesday night while hunt ing the other planes The rescue planes took off from the paval airstrips here at Jack sonville and Banana River in close formation relays They fanned out as they zoomed over the coast to cover the widest pos sible area Some of the aircraft swooped in over the Florida swamps and flat lands on the possibility that the 5 missing bombers may have been grounded or wrecked over land Navy officials discounted chances of the planes having landed at other airfields after de veloping flight trouble If that had happened they said the home base would have heard from the pilots by now Kbdistress signals were heard from any pi the 5 pilots the navy laid Each plane carried regula tion military radios British Loan Battle Goes to Congress Washington adminis tration marshaled its arguments Friday behind a credit offer to Britain convinced that any major congressional change would imperil hopes for AngloAmerican trade coopera tion The 2 governments climaxed 3 months of diplomatic talks Thurs day by announcing a broad eco nomic agreement tied to financial help from this country That help under the agree ment would come from a 000000 cash loan and a 000 settlement for postwar lend lease and war surpluses Both would be repaid at 2 per cent in terest over a 50year period be ginning in 1951 Only the outright loan needs congressionalapproval but every sign pointed to a bitter struggle Harsh words were heard from a democrat as well as a republican in the house even before the credit agreement was officially announced Asking anonymity state de partment and treasury officials who participated in the talks here said Friday they are convinced that any major change in the loan terms would force Britain to re ject the loan altogether and pur sue her own economic course within a restricted bloc of coun tries As a part of the credit agree ment Britain agreed to co operate with this country toward worldwide trade expansion by lowering such barriers as tariffs and cartels Mrs Eisenhower Joins Husband in Washington i Washington and j seemingly in good spirits Mrs Dwight D Eisenhower arrived here Friday on a stretcher from Boone Iowa where she was hos i pitalized in midNovember with I bronchial pneumonia General Eisenhower was a Union station to meet his wife train and greeted her with familiar broad smile Mrs Eisen hower plans to complete her re covery from her illness at the Eisenhower home here FIRE DESTROYS HOME originating in Lhe basement gutted the residence of G A Winger early Friday morning Most of the contents was destroyed Only the walls remain The loss is estimated at Oh Say Can You See U 5 Remembers Black Day 4 Years Harbor By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS is the great uncommemorated anniversary of American This history This is Pearl Harbor the date on uhich 4 years ago on a bright Sunday morning a surprise Japanese attack smashed the United States Pacific fleet at its confined Hawaiian moorings Not even those shots that the embattled farmers fired at Lexing ton and Concord were heard round the world with greater clarity than the Pearl Harbor explosions Those explosions foretold the violent ruin otHitlerV German em pire the collapse of woebegone Italy and finally 3 months ago the abject surrender of famished fireblackened faceless Japan 6 TinPan Allev contributed a tinny refrain Re d asttemPnf h worse thngT4hyt into the original debade C0mmander the fleet how much postmoriem ems this was a day of preoccupa IOWA GAS TAX CONSTITUTIONAL Judge Evans Denies Injunction Request Iowa City fourth cent of gasoline tax was declared constitutional Friday District Judge Harold D Evans handing down the ruling denied a permanent injunction sought by L V Carlton Iowa City real es tate agent who sought to bar col lection of the tax The other 3 cents of the state gasoline tax was not in litigation Carltons attorneys announced they will appealthe decision to theIowa supreme court Attorney General John M Ran kin said in Des Moines There never has been any doubt in my mind concerning the constitution ality of that law The decision if ultimately up held fay the higher court will make available to the state ap proximately annually in revenue The fourth cent of yielded since it be came effective last July 4 of which has been paid back in refunds to nonhighway users The balance has been held in trust by the state under court order pending the outcome of the case Judge Evans took the case un der advisement last Sept 14 The court finds adjudges and decrees that said act as evidenced by the enrolled bill plaintiffs ex hibit K is constitutional and is a valid and legal act of the 51st gen eral assembly of the state of Iowa the judge wrote SUI Man Speaks The Hayne Elmer T Peterson dean of the college of ed ucation of the University of Iowa spoke on behalf of a delegation of 38 American educators who were guests Thursday of the Nether lands foreign ministry The edu cators have been visiting Dutch universities and conferring with educational scientific and agri cultural leaders See Truman in Building Bottleneck Washington JP President Truman was reported be planning to restore building materials to a priorities system in an effort to break a botUeneck in home building Officials of government agen cies familiar with the program under consideration said it had been agreed hat there must be a move quickly to get home con struction rolling Government agencies preparing the program hoped to have it ready for announcement by Mr Truman at his news conference scheduled for Friday but a spokesman for the office of war mobilization and reconversion said at noon there ivas considerable doubt uhether it could whipped into shape in time The purpose of the plan would be to make sure materials get into the hands of contractors who want to build homes As things stand now said one official virtually all materials and construction labor are going to commercial and industrial building projects We just are not getting homes built There is a possibility that any priorities set up may earmark ma terials for low and moderately priced houses only One top fig ure which has been mentioned is the sale ceiling which was iin effect for homes built during the war Also in the picture it was re ported is a preference rating for veterans wishing to build homes Army to Move Washington Dolliver said Thursday that the war department had advised him that the army would be out of the Iowa state fairgrounds by March 1 He said he was told the army would start moving within 15 days The representative said he had no tified J P Mullen president of the state board the armys plans to move from the grounds which were taken over during the war Help Him Fill lotK JCIIX Early Lag in Cheer Giving Is Disturbing PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Womans Heller Corps No 72 Rene JljnforJ Ladies AH Claafle Holbrook T Five Midlind Club Rachel Circle Elk Creek Church Keajelt SECOND BATS TOTAL S FUND TOTAL TO DATE S IG600 GOAL OF CAMPAIGN SIrXXUM AMOUNT TET NEEDED SlSSIOO Y A PROCESS OF RAT HEH SIMPLE MAT HEMAT ICS IT WILL be obvious that the tempo of giving reflected in the table above must be s u b s t a ntially stepped up if the goal of Sl 500 set for this years Christmas Cheer Fund is to be reached by Dec 24 when the solicitation will come to an end The days addition fo the pre vious total was only There are 14 giving days between now and Dec 24 Fourteen times is This amount added to the 5166 now on hand would bring the total to only And that is less than half ot the needed More could be said But the moral is rather clear without further exposition The call is for action Send your gift large or small to Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa CONTINUE TALK IN UAW LABOR RIFT WITH GM Resume Negotiations After Union Rejects Wage Offer by GM By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Efforts to settle the nations major labor dispute the walkout of some 200000 employes at Gen eral Motors plants highlighted the countrys strike picture Friday An offer of a 10 per cent wage Increase to the strikers came at Thursdays initial conference since he start of the walkout last Nov 21 between company and CIO united auto workers leaden It was promptly rejected by the union but another meeting was arranged Friday to continue wage negotiations Despite the unions rejection of the 131a cents an hour increase as against the unions demand for a 30 per cent boost there remained an air of optimism in Detroit that some avenue of approach to set tlement of the wage dispute might be found At the same time General Mo tors offereda 13 cents an hour hike to 25000 CIO united electrical workers who are demanding a a day boost The electrical work ers who are planning a strike vote Dec 13 with about 245000 employes in General Electric and Westinghouse plants voted on the offer but results were not immedi ately announced GMs offer was termed by H W Anderson company vice presi dent as a reinstatement of the prestrike offer of approximately 10 per cent which he said would boost wages of GM work ers to 30 per cent above the Janu ary 1941 level HAW Vice President Walter P Reuther however estimated ii wouldraisethe average rate oi an hour by 117 per ceni and he described It as a better offer than the one made prior to the strike The General Motors walkout involved approximately one hall of the total idle throughout the country because of labor dis putes Alsoin Detroit 2 federal con ciliators arranged conferences with UAWCIO and Chrysler cor poration officials Contract nego tiations broke down earlier anc althouih strike action has been approved it is being withheld pending further developments in the GM walkout The company union contract covering some 45000 employes expired Dec 4 Dewey Letters Unveiled in Attack Probe Washington the pro tests of Gen George C Marshall the Pearl Harbor investigating committee Friday made public correspondence in which he askec Thomas E Dewey to withholc from the 1944 political campaigi information that the U S hai cracked secret Japanese codes Chairman Barhley D Ky said the committee had decidei to accept the responsibility not withstanding the feelings of Gen Marshall which Barklcy said wen based on grounds ofmilitary se curity Barkley spoke of possible em barrassment to one of our alliei However the letter re leased shortly before p m CST contained no apparent men tion of such anally The building of a decipherin machine was mentioned in thi Marshall letter to theNew Yorl presidentia candidate in 1954 Committe Counsel William D Mitchell wh also opposed publication of th undeleted correspondence sail that Marshall wished to withholi certain technical matters in it One paragraph of the lette said Now he point as o the presen dilemma is that we have gon ahead with this business of de ciphering their Japans codes until we possess other codes Gcr man as welt as Japanese but ou main basis of information regard ing Hitlers intentions in Europe i obtained from Baron Oshima messages from Berlin reportin his interviews with Hitler an other officials to the Japanes government These are still in th i codes involved in the Pearl Har I bor events This letter dated Sept 25 an another dated Sept 27 were both captiondd for Mr Deweys eyes only The 2nd letter told of a secret search of Japanese embassy of fices in neutral Portugal by the office of strategic services under William J Donovan GENERAL YAMASHITA Death Sentence Judge Denies Acquittal in Klatt Trial Fort Dodge Judge Paul H MeCoid overruled Friday a defense motion for a directed ver dict of acquittal in the second de gree murder trial of Carl Klatt 33 after the state completed its case The motion for acquittal was the only one made by the defense and followed immediately after the iasfe presented its 27th and last witness Dr Dantel J Glomset Des Moines heart specialist About 30 minutes was spent in arguing the merits of the motion after the jury had been sent from the court room Defense Counsel E H Lundy based his motion on 6 points 1 There had been no malice shown 2 There was no malice afore thought 3 There was no premeditation or deliberation shown 4 There was no intent shown 5 On the record of testimony no judgment could be made as to whether the defendant was guilty G There was no evidence of any thing being tlone outside the bounds of authority invested in the officers of the Iowa State Training School for Boys where Klatt was a guard Klatt is accused of giving bealiiur to Ronald Miller 17 Des Moines inmate of the school about 30 hours before the boy died in the school hospital In denying the motion Judge MeCoid said malice did not neces sarily mean spite hate or ill will but that it meant the state of mind of a person who is doing something wrong Premeditation and deliberation are not elements in a second de gree murder case he said In this case I think there is evidence by which a jury might find un lawful punishment It seems to me there is evidence for a jury to find there was mal ice aforethought I think the jury could find that the instruments used were deadly instruments and if so could find an inference from their use of malice A plan to escape from the school which included throwing a sheel over tile night watchman hitting him over the head lyinR him up taking his keys and fleeing was abandoned by 7 school inmates in hopes of a better plan George Clayton 18 testified Thursday Klatl is accused of administer ing a terrific beating to Ron ald Miller 17 year old inmate who died at the school hospita Aug 29 Clayton one of 67 inmates re cently transferred from the schoo at Eldora to a training school uni on the Anamosa reformatory grounds said Miller withdrew from the escape plot and urged 6 others involved in the plan to wait and work out a better scheme The witness said Miller 3 dif ferent times asserted he hat abandoned the plan Speaks to Amvets DCS Moints Gen Ju ius K Lacey deputy commander second air forces stationed a Colorado Springs Colo will be the principal speaker Saturday nigh at the first state convention o Iowa American Veterans of World war II Amvets which openec here Friday 1 KILLED 1 HURT IN AUTO UPSET Ross Henderson Dies in Mishap Near Manly Hoss Henderson about 65 of Wanly died early Friday in the Park hospital here from injuries suffered when the car in which he was riding skidded on an icy spo in the road about a mile and a hal south of Manly arji rolled over into the ditch His wife who was driving suf fered facial cuts and bruises The accident occurred late Thursda afternoon Henderson a railroad conductor was taken by a passing motorist to the Park hospital in Mason City where he died at 1 a m Friday Mr Henderson was preparing to retire from railroad service when he reached the age limit and he and his wife intended to drive to California as soon as he quit the company service Surviving are his wife 2 sons both in the service and a daughter The body was taken to Brides funeral Manly Funeral arrangements were incomplete Friday HIGH JAPANESE WAR CRIMINAL FACES HANGING Verdict Is Subject to Review by Styer Then to MacArthur Manila Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita has a date with the hangman A 5man general military com mission Friday convicted the form er Japanese commander of the Philippines of having permitted a series of atrocities and high crimes by Japanese armed forces mder your command and passed ihe death sentence Those brutalities were not sporadic incidents but were often methodically supervised by Japa nese officers and noncommissioned officers Maj Gen Russell B Reynolds president of the com mission stated as he read the ver dict Yamashifa thus became the first top war criminal of the Pacific to be convicted and sentenced Before hearing the verdict the stocky defendant stood visibly nervous while an interpreter read this statement to the court I wish to stand here with a clear conscience and swear to God I am innocent of these charges I wish to take this opportunity to express gratitude to the United States officers of the defense bril liant and upright officers I want to thank the commission lor a fair trial As the interpreter spoke Yam ashita nervously removed his wrist watch wound it fumblingly When the commission was ready to pronounce sentence the 3star general was led before the bench with his chief counsel Col Harry E Clarke Beynolds intoned This commission finds that a series of atrocities and high crimes svere committed by Japanese armed forces under your command against nationals of the United States and its allies and depend encies That these were not spor adic incidents but were often methodically supervised by Japa nese officers and noncommissioned officers During the period in question you failed to provide effective ontrol of your troops as required by the circumstances According ly on a secret ballot twothirds or more of this commission con curring this commission finds you Byrnes Backs Loyalty of 2 Diplomats Washington Secretary of State Byrnes hit back sharply at Maj Gen PatrickJ Hurley Fri day for his attacks on state de partment foreign service diplo mats and asserted that Hurley had failed to sustain his charges Byrnes appeared before the sen ate forcijfn relations committee which has been looking into the background of Hurleys abrupt and dramatic resignation last week as ambassador to China Byrnes specifically upheld the 2 career men whom Hurley has charged with seeking to sabotage his efforts to bring about a unified China while he held the Chung king post Hurley assailed this conduct as disloyalty The secretary of state told the committee Ambassador Hurley has not furnished me nor do I understand that he has furnished the commit tee any specific evidence to prove that any employe was guilty of such conduct Byrnes also challenged Hurleys assertion that during his service as ambassador to Chungking he had been unable to get a public statement of American policy to ward China from President Tru uian or Secretary Byrnes or other ranking officials The secretary said he also asked President Truman whether Hurley requested a China policy statement from him and the presi dent dobs not recall such a re quest guilty as charged and sentences you to death by hanging Yamashitas shoulders sagged as lie heard the sentence but he straightened quickly and made a curl bow to the commission He quickly led by military police from the courtroom back to his cell in old Bilibid prison The entire court procedure re quired less than 15 minutes Yamashita who already has lost an appeal to the Philippines su preme court to take jurisdiction of his case and free him from the military trial still has an appeal to the United States supreme court pending nnd at least 3 additional apeals to make Defense counsel has indicated it will take full advantage of every possibility because the Yamashita case is precedentsetting in inter national laws Yamashita was the first Pacific wor leader to be tried for war crimes Yamashitas first appeal will be made to Lt Gen W D Styer com mander of army forces in the west ern Pacific If Styer upholds the commission he may appeal to General MacArthur as allied com mander of the Pacific then to the U S supreme court DIES OF STROKE Purvis 72 died Wednesday at a local hospital from a stroke He had fallen recently suffered a fractured hip and was a hospital patient receiving treat ment for that injury when he was stricken THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours this week Bring the boys home and fight inflation Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and mild Friday night Lowest temperature about 30 degrees Saturday partly cloudy and colder Iowa Fair and mild Friday and Friday night Saturday partly cloudy colder in west and in east at night Minnesota Cloudy Friday night and Saturday light freezing rain changing to snow beginning northwest portion late Friday afternoon or evening and in northeast and central portions Friday night Saturday snow flurries much colder IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 45 Minimum 23 At 8 a m Friday 28 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 33
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