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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL Associated Press end United Press Full MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five CenU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 21 This Paper Consists oj Two One Faded Nazi War Lords Enter Pleas of Innocence in Trial Nuernberg Robert H Jackson presented the United States case against 20 fallen leaders of Germany WednwdayacYusing them of plotting war against early as 1940 and perae trating a gamut of widespread atrocities against Europe He cited nazi records showing knowledgeof a plot by the Jana ambassador to Berlin to kill Generalissimo Stalin in 1939 world con Jackson sometimes sarcastic ani sometimes scornful disclosed the secret evidence which the United States will present against them before the international militan tribunal He talked all dayexcept foi triebrief pleadings at the start and during a futile maneuver of defense lawyers to have the whole trial quashed Court adjourned when Jackson finished his 20000 word address Hermann Goering the ranking defendant scribbled frequent notes Hiseffort to speak at the tune of his pleading had been po litely but firmly refused by Lord Justice Sir Geoffrey Lawrence the griton who is presiding over the BntishAmericariRusstanFrench court Rudolf Hess alone of the de fendants appeared disinterested Jackson declared the meticul ously kept records of the Germans themselves would convict them rather than witnesses who could prolong the crime for years A German Informant close to former Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop said that defend ant had asked for former Prime Minister Winston dimchill arid the British publishers Lord Beav erbrook ana Lord Hemsley to ap pear for himas defense wit nesses The pleas of innocence were entered in a hectic 10 minutes with responses varying from the doglike bark of no from Ru dolf Hess Hitlers onetime dep uty to a passionate reply of not guilty in the eyes of God from Baldur von Schirach Hitler youth chief The dramatic high point of the morning session was reached when Lord Justice Geoffrey Law rence presiding called the de fendants forward one by one warning them to plead merely in nocent or guilty and to refrain from speeches which they would be permitted to make later Justice Lawrence called the de fendants in front ot the micro phone facing the dock to make their pleas Keichsmarshal Hermann Goerine intoned answer the question of the high court whether I am guilty or not The court interrupted him Permitted to continue Goerfnic 1 declare myself In a sense not Rudolf Hess once Hitlers dep uty and now fighting to escape trial on the pica of insanity caused a stir when he shouted No Justice Lawjrence said his re ply wouldbe entered as a plea of not Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Wednesday night with dimin ishing winds Lowest tempera tures Thursday morning zero Thursday fair and continued Iowa Colder Wednesday much colder Wednesday night with a severe freeze Lowest temper atures Thursday morning rang ing from near zero extreme northwest to 15 extreme south east portion Snow flurries west and central portions andcharig ing to snow extreme east por tion Wednesday ending by Wednesday evening Thurs day fair and colder east portion Moderately strong winds Wednesday lUinnesota Cold wave Wednesday night with temperatures falling to 5 to 10 below northwest ranging to near zero south and west portion Strong northerly winds diminishing slowly Wed nesday night Clearing late Wednesday night and Thurs day Continued cold Thursday IN MASON CITY 31obeGazette weather statistics tor 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 41 Minimum jg At 8 a m Wednesday 19 Precipitation 02 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 30 Notice to Readers Because there will be no Thanksgiving day issue of the GlobeGazette the Thursday comics are being presented in this edition along with the regular Wednesday releases Wed nesdays will be found in its customary position on the editorial page and Thursdays will be found on Page 18 v Is Due for Near Zero Noltii rowansmade plan Wednesday to spend Thanksgivini by the fireside as the mercury be gan dropping toward what th weatherman says will a new low for theseason He promised near zero temperatures fo northern and western Iowa Snow flurries fell at Mason City fluring the forenoon but th ground was still bare despite th fact that snow was reported on all sides except the west Minnesota points and Charte City reported about an inch o snow to assure them of a white1 Thanksgiving while Ames and De Mo rea n e mes had 1 inches fay officia dmgs Unofficial reports in eluded Iowa City inches Perry 1 and Sioux City Marshall town Waterloo and Burlingtoi each The temperature slid slowly downward throughout the day a Mason City registering 20 degree m the early morning 19 at 8 a m and 18 at Ip m Whipped by a cold northwest wind which is bringing in the cold wave at 20 tiiles an hour those xvho had to eave the warm indoors insistec hat it seemed considerably colder than the official temperature Highways were reported slip pery from the icy condition of packed snow in many places anc iraffic was moving slowly Ot iumwa reported hills near there clogged with stalled cars and Waterloo said a moderately strong northwest wind made visibility poor Shippers were warned of ex pected zero temperatures in north ern Iowa Thursday morning and readings of 5 above in the south Reports to state highway patrol leadquarters in Des Moines were ncomplete but indicated vays were icy from Des Moines northeast to Marshalltown and north to Cedar Falls and in the edar Rapids area Highways 69 md 60 north and northwest from Des Moines also were slippery Stork Brings Baby 2yz Months Early A 2 pound 14 ounce girl was lorn 2ir months prematurely in hospital here Wednesday to Mr nd Mrs James Wells farmers iving near here Kept in an incubator the baby s being fed a solution of water nd sugar Feeding is done with n eyedropper According to the hysician the mothers condition s fair and the baby was reported omg as well as could be ex eeted Mr Wells is employed at he Jacob E Decker and Sons acking plant The girl was born at the Mercy 1 hospital about Z a m UAW Strike Under Way MB Ill Reds Named in De Gaulle Government Paris General De Gaulle cabine said Wednesda that the president had formed coalition government giving th communists 5 portfolios includin a newlycreated ministry arma ments Gasfon Palewskl who itak of the list said De Gaulle would pre sent H to the constituent assem bly Friday This was expected U resolve the crisis which arose when the communists with th largest representation of any partj ui the assembly demanded on of 3 major cabinet interior war ot foreign affairs The new government 4 ministers of state without port foUos These are Socialist Vincen T Louis Jacquinot and Communist Maurice Thorez sec retary genera of the party Communist Charles Bildori was named minister of the army Com munist Francois Billoux minister of national economy Communis Paul industrial prodiic BUILDING IS SET Plan Building for School Incorrigibles Des Moines probably will start early next spring on a security building to house incorrigibles at the Eldora State Training School forBoys it was disclosed Tues day Plans for the building were ap proved unanimously by thelegis lative interim committee The structure will be surrounded by a wall and will house about BO boys Sen Irving D Long R Man committee chairman also disclosed following an all morning closed session that the committee favored employment inder certain conditions of a state hospital director and the calling of a special legislative session to au thorize the action Such an employe Attorney General John M Hankin ruled could serve only in an advisory rapacity Final authority on the treatment of patients would rest with superintendents of the hos pitals Every invested in Series E Victory Bonds will get you at maturity N e w York c Benchley 56 author editor and actor and humorist died early Wednesday of a cerebral hem orrhagrc at the Harkness pavil ion of the Columbia Presbyterian medical center Recently he had spent much of his time in Hol lywood and returned only a month ago from the coast where he made a number of motionpictures He had been doing radio shows while here and was taken ill at his Scars dale N Y home a little more nan a week ago and went to the hospital THANKSGIVING PEAST1945 MODEL Many an exGI tius Thanksgiving Daywill park his civviLcIad form smack up against the old dining room table and sail into Mom s extraspecial cooking including a delectable turkey crammed to oubofthisworld dress ing Andas they launch their allout attack on a drum stick as the happy feliow above is doing the memories pi Kration meals in muddy foxholes will seem nothing but a bad dream Are they Admiral Leahy Denies FDR Statement That U S Might Not Fight If Japs Struck Washington William D Leahy testified Wed nesday he had no recollection that he late PresidentRoosevelt said n October 1940 that the United States might not fight even if the apanese attacked the Philippines Leahy chief of staff to President Truman and Mr Roosevelt said he lad heard no such statement at a white house luncheon on Oct 8 940 Admiral J O Richardson who ten was commander in chief ot ie fleet had testified previously hat Mr Roosevelt said at the uncheon in response to a query as o whether this country planned o enter the war that if the Japa ese attacked Thailand or the Kra eninsula or the Dutch East In ies we would not enter the war Vat if they even attacked the Phili ppines he doubted whether we vould enter the war but that they ould not always avoid makin istakes and that as the war con nued and the area of operations xpanded sooner or later they ould make a mistake and we vould enter the war Rep Murphy asked eahy if he had heard the Presii ent refer to the Philippines in any ay i I did not the fleet admiral re lied During the course of his testi mony Admiral Richardson quoted le late secretary of the navy rank Knox as telling him he was elicved as commander of the fleet In 1941 because he had hurt the feelings of President Roosevelt I Richardson told the senatehouse committee inquiring into the Pearl Harbor disaster that Knox told him in Washington March 24 1941 after Richardson was succeeded by Admiral Husband E Kimmel The last time you were here you hurt the presidents feelings Senator Ferguson asked Richardson who said he had argued previously with the presi dent against keeping the fleet in Pearl Harbor if he knew how he might have hurt Mr Roosevelts feelings It would hurt my feelings if a senior subordinate under me dis agreed with me and I couldnt make him change his the admiral replied firmly Richardson said he had com plained to Knox that in all his ex perience he never had heard of a commanding officer being relieved in the same manner I was 200000 Employes in 20 States Ordered Out Detroit CIOs United Auto Workers union struck the lit corporation Wednesday in a walkout aimed rate boost producer in to force a 30 per cent wage bie Peacetime walkout of the UAW flnxv sucn blow at Motors since the sit down strike of 1937 began before 10 a m PlantS in f Etates emPloying close fo 200000 produc tion workers were ordered out in the longthreatened battle be Americas largest labor Legion Backs largest operatinff United Nation Organization Chicago The American Legion reaffirmed approval the united nations organization Proauctio Wednesday but strongly urged days ago poration The first reported walkout at an individual plant was at Flint Mich where employes left work Wednesday morning Nearly all had left the plant by a m Buicks force had been reduced temporarily from its original esti mated 9000 tiy a shortage oE chas sis frames which had stopped the Production Buick cars several this nation to adoptand announce i definite foreign policy Adopting a report of their for eign relations committee at the 27th annual national convention the Legionnaires urged a greater interest in foreign affairs by the American people said the first essentiaJfo world recovefyisthaf the United States itself should remain strong and free and rec ommended thorough complete training and supervision to qual ify our diplomatic and consular representatives and their staffs The last scheduled business was election of officers John Stclle former governor of Illinois ap parently had his campaign for the national commandership well in hand Legion spokesmen said there did not appear to be enough strength among other contenders to stop Stelle GALL STRIKE ON WARD COMPANY New York Wol chok president of the United Re tail Wholesale and Department store Employes of America CIO Wednesday announced the union lad called a nationwide strike of Montgomery Ward Co em Jloyes for 1 week beginning next Monday who made the an nouncement at a press confer ence said the union was willing GM employes were directed by union leaders to report for work as usual Wednesday morning and Strike Hits Iowa Detroit fl General Motors Corp plants in 20 states includ ing Iowa were by Wednesdays slrike order of the CIOs United Automobile Work ers UnionThe parts warehouse In Des Moines was included in a union listing of plants where the UAWcrO said it has contracts Not for Mason City The Mason City Montgomery Yard store will not be affected by he nationwide strikeR G Hu bert manager of the MasonCity itore said Wednesday because he local employes are not mem bers of the union to call off the strike Sewell Avery Montgomery Ward board hairman accepts union proposals mailed to him last Friday In these proposals the union of ered to drop demands for a closed hop and checkoff and to submit ther proposals to arbitration KLINElSlARM BUREAU HEAD Says Second Term Wiil Be Last One Des Moines tp Allan B line was reelected president of he Iowa Farm Bureau federation or his 2nd 2 year term at the or amzations final business session f the 1945 convention here await the hourdesignated by the strategy committee before leaving their jobs The decision to strike followed 2 months of fruitless negotiations on the UAWCIOs 30 per cent wage increase demands union re jection of three company counter proposals and General Motors de lay m replying to a union proposal for arbitration of the dispute The corporation withheld com ment pending official notification of the unions decision C E Wil son GM president flew here Tuesday nijrht from Washington where he had been attending the labormanagement conference Chrysler corporation the Ford Motor company and other auto motive firms facing similar wage demands maintained a close watch on developments George Homey manager of the automobile manufacturers asso ciation said Monday that a shut down General Motors would force all but one other car pro 1 ducer to close within a week The one which he indicated was Ford could maintain only 50 per cent production he added In addition to 5 makes of auto Chevrolet Pontiac Oldsmbbile Buick and Genera Motors turns out numer ous other products such as refrig erators stoves radios and diesel engines It also produces parts for most of the other car mann facturers in its network of fac tories UAW locals at a number of GM plants are known to have named picket captains set up strike wel fare committees and made other preparations for an extended strike Some of them have set aside strike funds obtained through special assessments of members The strike call was announced by R J Thomas UAWCIO in ternational president and head of the strategy committee Thomas said the action was recommended unanimously by 200 delegates to the unions national GM council at the conclusion of their 2 day con ference here Shortly before adjournment late Tuesday the delegates received a communication from General Mo tors management saying it would reply to the arbitration proposal on or before Friday Nov 23 public clamor to s lers of returning the land large num war veterans of company prices and profits were none of unions business and SMS saw
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