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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa i V V NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LH Associated Press and United Press Full One Mans Opinion A Badio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE SGLO KUson City Sunday p m WSU1 Iowa City WedMsday p m WOI Friday p m WTAD Qalney ia Frldiy p KSCJ Sioux City Saturday p From One Kind of War to Another TiEALISTIC mere 4X prophets of us that America in the months and years ahead faces a slaughter on streets and highways compar able with the bloodiest days of WorldWar we do something about it We CAN do something about It what we can do about il Is goins to be the subject of this commentary Analmost complete solution of this most serious problem is possible but it can be brought aboutonly if every rightthinking citizen of our country will play his part in the nationwide effort of all and before any thing effective can be done about solving the problem there must be a universal awareness of its character and its dimen sions In its fundamental im portance the accident problem is second only to war itself War and accidents should be bracketed in thinking This is no fantastic comparison Motor vehicles in the past 40 years have killed an appreciably larger number of Americans than all of our wars going clear back to the Involution or to the In dianwars before that if you wish The number of persons maimed in traffic accidents is several timesgreater than the number of battlewounded in all our wars Bringingthe picture down to date More Americans have been killed by In dustrialand home the homefront than have been killed in battle action since Pearl Harbor The number injured by accident has been several times greater than the number wounded in battle AND IFWE want the serious ness 61 the problem jnade more graphic we have only to that every iri America is dying from an accident That means 11 acci dental deaths every hour Thirtynine children under 15 years of age die of accident every flay Even last year when traffic was at a minimum because of gasoline rationing 190 pedes trians were killed every week There was an accidental injury every 3 seconds of every minute of every honr of every flay of the year If its your pocketboofc nerve thats most sensitive consider the fact that by conservative esti mate accidents of all types last yearcost America 4 billion 900 million dollars Thats enough to build 196000 miles of concrete pavement Iowas share of this would be about 4000 miles And understand this is just from one years accident bill All of this should convince us thart the accident problem is one of topranking importance sec ond as Ive suggested only to war itself TirlTH THIS magnitude com prehended and properly weighed the next step in our progress toward solution is a realistic recognition that the problem isnt one that will solve itself To the exact contrary if allowed to driftit will get worse and worse Here are some of the factors to be considered with re spect to the traffic aspect of the total accident problem 1 Gasoline rationing has been lifted and tirepurchase restraints will be lifted in the not distant future This means distant vastly been at a standstill daring war and for the same reason creased travel on our highways at higher speeds than our wartime ceiling 2 Until new cars are on Ihe market in this isnt going to be overnight by any myriad additional cars on the highways will be of a venerable vintage mechanical ly decrepit and rolling on sub normal tires 3 The highways which were pathetically inadequate even be fore the war will be 4 years old er Highway construction has Ihe is same rea maintenance has been permitted to lag 4 Drivers those who have been accustomed to slow wartime driving even more than those who have been accustomed to piloting planes at 200 or 300 miles an going to be np to par in the months and years just ahead The inescapable conclusion then for realistic persons is that the traffic accident problem has been seriousis serious now and is destined to become vastly more serious in the we do something about it PRESIDENT TRUMAN shortly i ajter Japes capitulation looked at the stark realities of the actadent picture and in a letter to the National Safety ccun Continned on Page 50 Five Cents a Copy crry IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 19 1945 Papar Consists of Two SectionsSection One NO 3j OE GAULLE WINS FIRST FIGHT Attack Units Japan Nov261941 JAP STRAfEGY IN PEARL HARBOR RAIDMap shows the Japanese strategy in the aJH reveale by Rear Admiral T B Inglis n testimony before which launoliPrt tifr f v committee Solid arrow is route taken by the carrier force which launched the attack while open arrow indicates the proposed route of heavv photo Ta ready t0 rUSh battle had the Chiang Pushes Foothold in munists declared Monday their sympathizers were ready to seize Manchurias capital Dec 1 to fore stall a nationalistarmy tliat had plunged 12 miles into the vast in region from the south communist spokesman said crack U Seqnipped nationalist troops were ponrfas Into Man churia through a ripped in the communist line with the fall of the frontier fortress of Shanhaik wan Other nationalist forces had fanned out 20 miles west of Shan haikwan he asserted but despite the reverses communist troops to fight it out were determined all the way to the capital of uuw UJ Changchun 440 miles northeast of Shanfchaikwan Associated Press Correspon dent Olen Clements in a dispatch from Tientsin said the greenclad nationalist columns were mush rooming out in 3 directions against only sporadic fire after smashing the mam communist defense line along the great wall He reported that 5000 commu nisttroops were in retreat to the northeast in the bitter Manchuria to avoid cold of being out flanked by the swiftmoving col umns The communist spokesman pre dicted that the first big battle for Manchuria would be fought at the railway city of Chinhsien 100 miles northeast of Shanhaik wan on the PeipingMukden rail way Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Probers Learn Decision for Attack Was Made Nov Pearl Harbor investigating committee OsamiNaganochief ot the Japanese Nov was taken Anting in inquiry conauctea by of Gen Bonglas MacArihur at Ihe request of the conEressional committee The Tokyo testimony has placed ia the record of the current hearing The senatehouse urine committee prepared to resume its sessions I j 1 counic IK tiebolOllS Monday with further questiomng of witnesses on the Japanese story of the attack Following Rear Adm T B Inglis to the stand per nntl haps Tuesday is expected to Adm J A Richardson who was relieved as Pacific fleet com mander several months before Pearl Harbor after reported dis agreements with the late Presi dent Roosevelt A document placed in the com mittees record by its legal ad visers said Richardson now re tired will be asked for the com plete story of the reasons why the fleet was based at Pearl Harbor His trips to Washington in July and October 1940 his discussions and disagreement with President Roosevelt The report Tokyo investi ration condncteS by MacArthurs subordinates at the request of the committee showed that Capt Sadatoshi Tomioka chief of the operations section of the Japanese naval staff testified that if the United States had made conces sions the attack plan would have been discarded But he and 3 other naval offi cers answered no to this ques tion about the Pearl Harbor at tack Was the said action or sim ilar actions in anticipation of a against the United States included in Japans prewar plans The other officers questioned on this point were Comdr Tatsu kichi Miyo a member of the naval I operations section and Capt Kameto Kuroshima and Comdr Yasuj Watanabe combined fleet staff members The same 4 said that the late Adm Isoro Yamamoto com mander in chief of the combined Japanese fleet conceived the plan for attacking Pearl Harbor early in January 1941 The report then gave this ver sion with a note that the answers were based on the recollections of Admiral Q When was it decided to at tack Pearl Harbor A Nov 3 This date was set by the chief of the naval gen eral staff Nagano when Yama moto came to Tokyo Q Who made the foregoing de cision A Chief of the naval general staff Nagano QIf the decision was made in conference give time of said con ference and names of all persons present A It was not made in confer ence Tomoika Miyo Kuroshima and Watanabe testified that the un dertaking was started early in September 1941 They said Yama Nazi Security Police Chief Suffers Brain Hemorrhage May Be Kept Out of Trial Nuernberg Germany Ernst Kaltenbrunner former chief of the nazi securiry police suffered a brain hemorrhage in his cell Sunday night but a spokesman for the U S prosecu iors office said Monday he would iiave to answer charges some ime before the international war rimes tribunal An indication that Kaltenbrun ner would not he present at the scheduled opening Tuesday of the trial of topflight nazis came from Physicians at the 116th U S army hospital where he was taken for ireatment The doctors said he was finished with the trial at least temporarily The spokesman in the office of Justice Robert H Jackson chief U S prosecutor said the court itself would decide whether Kal enbrunner would be tried at a later date when his condition im proved or be brought into the rial The prosecution regards ECaltenbrunner as the No 4 de fendant among the list of indicted nazis France and the soviet union are pressing for a postponement of the trial If it opens on schedule there may be only 19 of the 24 nazis listed in the oririnal indictment on hand Gustav Krupp von Bohlen Und Halbach industrialist is suffering from softening of the brain and has been excused Robert Ley la bor front boss committed suicide several weeks ago in his cell Martin Bormann No 2 nazi and Adolf Hitlers deputy is officially listed as missing and will be tried in absentia Rudolf Hess No 3 nazi is reported mentally incap able and a ruling on whether he will stand trial is awaited The tribunal was expected Monday to consider a formal de mand for a public hearing on a request by France Russia and the United States that 38 year old Alfried Krupp be substituted as a defendant for his senile father moto gave final on Dec 1 1941 confirmation Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and mild Monday night and Tues day Lowest Monday night 30 Iowa Generally fair Monday Monday night and Tuesday Colder southeast and extreme east Monday and Monday night Warmer east and central por tions Tuesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with snow flurries north and east portion and light showers southwest portion Monday night Not so cold Monday night Colder ex treme northwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics hour period ending at 8 for 24 r B oclock Monday morningT Maximum 44 Minimum 21 At 8 a m Monday 22 Precipitation YEAR AGO x Maximum 42 Minimum 34 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 41 Minimum 29 At 8 a m Sunday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum I 37 Minimum 35 Precipitation trace INSURGENTS OF NORTHERN IRAN IN REVOLUTION Iran Parliament Sends Troops to Russian Occupied Province Tehran Iran Iran par liament decided in a special meet ing Monday to send 2 battalions of troops to Russian occupied Azer baijan province where armed in surgents have occupied some of the major towns and are reported marching on the Iran capital Whether Russian troops would permit entrance of the Iran forces to the trouble area was uncertain On previous occasions the gov ernments troops dispatched north ward to restore control over trou ble spots have been stopped News of the arrival of the 2 bat talions in the disturbed district in northwestern Iran therefore will be anxiously awaited Tehran newspapers said editor ially that Azerbaijan citizens had been considered loyal to the Teh ran government and the rebels were recently immigrated stran gers wearing military boots and trousers with civilian jackets and hats All communication with the northwestern border province had been severed and there had been no news from Azerbaijan after government spokesmen said 7 persons had been reported killed in the uprising The province has a population of about a million and a half MASON CITYANS James N Oredsen 525 East State was scheduled to arrive in New York Monday on the John Stevens it was reported in an AP dispatch received here Also due Monday in New York was Pfc Charles E Miller to arrive on the Yaka Due to have arrived in Newport News on Saturday were William M Oisen on the Ward Hunt and Carl N Rausch and Cpl Archie E Bilyeu on the Abe LinT coin Charles Taft Talks Des nioines P Taft son of the late President Howard Taft will address the Des Moines public forum Tuesday on the state old lady of Pennsylvania avenue Taft formerly was director of war time economic affairs for the state department No Paper Thursday There will be no Thanks giving day issue of the GlobeGazette A principal factor prompting this de cision is the most of newsprint paper AUTOGRAPH SEEKERS OUTFLANK IJoone 3roungsters surrounded Gen Dwight D Eisenhower Sunday getting his autograph The general and his wife came to Boone to visit relatives Mrs Eisenhower was a hosPital suffering from bronchial pneumonia AP Wirephoto TRUMAN URGES HEALTH PLAN National Plan Has Compulsory Insurance Washington President Truman Monday submitted to congress a 5point national health program including a compulsory insurance system The compulsory insurance pro gram which the white house said is not socialized medicine would call for prepayment of costs through premiums adjusted to meet the Income of the people senerallyr j 7 rr 7 The whitehouse explained in an accompanying statement that patients wouldremain free to chose their doctors that doctors could accept or reject patients and that hospitals would con tinue to manage their own serv ices The other points in the presidents message called for 1 Federal aid for construction of hospitals health centers and otherfacilities 2 Expansion of public health maternal and child health serv ices 3 Federal aid for more ade quate professional education and research with emphasis on the cause prevention and cure of cancer and mental illnesses 4 Disability insurance to pro tect families by guaranteeing some income when workers are sick or permanently disabled He said that his 5point pro gram covered the 5 basic prob lems which we must attack vig orously we would reach the health objectives of bur economic bill of rights New Commander Clinton Morgan Berry of San Francisco will succeed Col Dean F Winn as commanding of ficer at Schick General hospital here Col Winn who has been commanding officer since Novem ber 1942 has been transferred to Atlantic City N J Strike Picture At a Glance 3087000 Workers Idle TJXITED PRESS AtnTOrPiCr Cnda offered to meet with the CIO United Auto Workers for the first fame since the start of a 69day strike at Fords Windsor plant About 330000 UAW members met in Detrort to consider calling a strike against General Motors eiron Telephone operators serving 116 Illinois com munities and 2 Indiana counties left their switchboards following a breakdown m contract negotiations A strike of AFti typographers caused 3 daily newspapers in Seattle Wash to suspend publication Three hundred striking Staten Island bus drivers were returning to work Condition of Ikes Wife Satisfactory Boone Gen Howard Snyder said Monday he was very encouraged by the charts show ing the progress made by Mrs Dwight D Eisenhower since she was to a hospital here Sat urday night suffering from bron chial pneumonia General Snyder army medical officer and friend of the General and Mrs Eisenhower said the con gestion in her lungs had cleared completely and that he ture hadijreturnen1 to nearnor mal Meanwhile Eisenhower and Snyder made plans to leave Mon day night for Chicago unless there is some unforeseen change in Mrs Eisenhowers condition Eis enhower will receive the Ameri can Legions distinguished service medal and address the Legion naires national convention in Chicago Friday The Eisenhowers came here for a family reunion at the home of Sirs Eisenhowers uncle and aunt Mr and Mrs Josel C Carlson Mrs Eisenhowers father John S Doud of Denver was honored on his 75th birth anniversary at a dinner attended by his famous soninlaw Sunday Eisenhower who spent most of Sunday chatting and reading the newspapers to his wife visited her at the hospital briefly again Sunday night accompanied by Mrs Eisenhowers parents The general was back at the hospital again Monday Boone residents who knew only a few hours before Eisenhowers arrival that they would be week end hosts toan internationally known figure drove and walked past the Carlson home and the hospitalr in glimpse of hopes Ike1 of catching a Many visited the North Western railroad sta tion to see the generals private railroad car A contingent of military police men whose arrival in Boone Sat urday gave residents their first hint that something was up stood guard at the hospital the private railroad car and around the Carlson home The Eisenhowers arrived here shortly after 7 oclock Saturday night and were greeted by a shouting crowd at the station es timated at 2000 persons About 2 hours later Mrs Eisenhower was taken from the Carlson home to the Boone County hospital Actress Has Girl Hollywood Actress Fay Wray gave birth to a 7 pound daughter at Good Samaritan hos pital Sunday The actress is the wife of Robert Riskin screen writer and producer OPA Cuts Ceiling Prices on GM Autos Washington General Motors cars will cost the public a little less than prewar models while prices for Fords Studebak ers and Chryslermade autos will be somewhat higher Thats the way OPA Adminis trator Chester Bowles sums it up in the first of his longawaited annonncements on price ceilings for the cars now trickling into showrooms The big surprise of Bowies an nouncement is that GMbuilt Chevrolets Pontiacs Oldsmobiles Buicks and Cadillacs will sell at retail for an average of 25 per cent less than in January 1942 Some increases had been ex peeled but there had been no hint of price cuts The retails boosts are 1 per cnt for Chryslers and that companys other Dodge and DeSoto 2 per cent for Fords and 9 per cent for Studebaker In the case of Ford for exam ple the retail ceiling for a new deluxe 8 cylinder tudor sedan is at the factory The 194Z ceilingnas 5850 OPA said that because of ap parent model changes it had no basis at this time for comparison of any except Ford prices The increases announced are exclusive of any which may be allowed for appreciable design or specification changes In the way of actual price ceil ings there was little Bowies night He made announcement Sunday public cejlings for only a few Ford and Studebaker models and said prices lor other models and other cars would be along as soon as details worked out These include the UM makes which are to be cut Bowles gave no indication at all of ceilings for Hudson Nash Packard Crosley Willys or the new FraserKaiser cars Of these he said either that calculations had not been completed or that production is still some distance m the future FRENCH GROUP VOTES TO ASK GENERAL BACK Socialists Join With Republicans in Vote Communists Say No Paris French assem bly by a vote of 358 to 39 decided Mondayto give Gen Charles De Gaulle another chance to solve the critical government crisis caused by the split between De Gaulle and the communists The vote came after a bitter at tack upon De Gaulle by Jacques Duclos communist party secre tary The communisls largest party in the from voting on whether De Gaulle should have another chance The vote was 358 to 39 The decision to let De Gaulle try once more to organize a coali tion government of socialists communists and popular republi cans came largely through the plea of the socialists that France not drop her wartime leader without giving him one more op portunity to put a government to gether The decision in effect gives De Gaulle a breathing spell to at tempt to work out a solution but there was no indication in the fiery speech of Duclos that the communists were prepared to back down on their demand for a major cabinet affairs war or interior This demand rejected by De Gaulle caused the crisis The chambers vote came on a motion by the democratic socialist resistance movement that De Gaulle retain his mandate and attempt to form a government To this motion was attached a social ist amendment that the socialists had decided not to take a position Pe Gaulle made up his mind whether onie more to form a government The assembly then voted 400 to 1G3 to ask De Gaulle to retain the mandate to try and form a gov ernment Andre Philippe speaking im mediately after Duclos presented the socialist position He said the socialists despite everything wished to make one more attempt to achieve a big 3 coalition headed by De Gaulle Philippe made an impassioned plea for unity for the sake of France and said we ask the com munists the popular republicans and General De Gaulle to get to gether after the present resolu tion has been voted on High Japan War Leaders Face Arrest Tokyo Japanese war leaders including generals accused of responsibility for the rape of Nanking the Mukden in cident and the bombing of the U S gunboat Panay were ordered arrested Monday Simultaneously headquarters announced that 57 more accused Japanese war minor characters charged with brutalities against war prisoners in custody General MacArthur directed that the 11 be delivered to Sugamo prison camp Tokyo While the men were not spe cifically named as war criminals all were associated prominently with the militarist decade and in clude some of the key men pre viously ignored in American lists of wanted Japanese Two of the Japanese Matsuaka Xosuke former forelfrn minis ter and Toshio Shiratori former ambassador to Rome were instrn in ncRotialing the tripar tite GtrmanyItalyJapan pact Iowa to Return to 2 License Plates for Autos In 1947 DCS Sloines will re turn to 2 license plates for all mo tor vehicles in 1817 Fred Wilkins state commissioner of public safety said Monday New plates for the 1946 license year will go on sale in all county treasurers offices Dec 1 Passen ger car motorists will be furnished only 1 plate next year but they will not be required to paste on a windshield sticker All commer cial vehicles however will get 2 plates for 1946 Buy yonr Victory Bonds ind Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy
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