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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: November 17, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANB ARCHJVCS DES MOINtS U THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Ln Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NOVEMBER 17 1945 NO Latest College FOOTBALL RESULTS Iowa Minnesota Iowa State Drake Final PEARL HARBOR Japs Got Reports on U S Warships Purdue Michigan Ohio State Illinois Indiana Pittsburgh Navy Wisconsin Army Pennsylvania Notre Dame Northwestern Byrnes Hints Atomic Secret May Be Told in Near Future Washington official hint that U S British Canadian atomic secrets may be shared with other united nations sooner than expected was coupled Saturday with a warning by a worldfamous scientist that Russia would edge out the United States in a world atomic armament race The hint that other united nations may be let in on the atomic secret in the nottoodistant future was given by Secretary of State James F Byrnes in an address at Charleston S Car Friday night Byrnes flatly denied that the United States is using the atomic bomb as a diplomatic or military club Hesaid the period during which this nation Britain and Canada hold the atom secret intrust vnot be unnecessarily prolonged Byrnes saidinr a nationally Nimitz Hits ArmyNavy Merger Plan Washington Ches r W Nimitz asserted Saturday the theoretical advantages of merging the armed forces are unattainable whereas the disad vantages are so serious that it is not acceptable Events which led to the Pearl Harbor disaster the Pacific fleet commander told the senate mil itary committee have shown clearly enough that not only be tween the war anfl navy depart ments hutbetween both of them and the stale department there should have been more coordina tion of thinking and action But to bring this about in the future Nimitz said he favors not a single department of defense but a national security council com posed of the secretaries of state war and navy as proposed by Secretary of the Navy Forrestal Acknowledging that this stand against merger reverses his opin n of a year ago he said For this change of opinion I ake no apology since it repre nts my conviction based on ad tional experience and further udy of the proposal and its cur ent implications As a witness Nimitz followed y a day General Eisenhower the uropean theater commander rho urged strongly that ay1 sea nd land services be placed under single department headed by a ivilian secret should be is exr ateslt tie staringof information 5s full and JTrving Lanjrrauir 1932 Nobel chemistry prize winner told a meeting of the nations top atomic scientists at Philadelphia mean while that the United States in evitably would come out 2nd best in a cutthroat atomic armament ace Langinuir said Russia might be willing to f orego any increase in living standards and devote 10 per cent or more of her producing power to a5 or 10 year plan for the development of new atomic weapons Langmuirs warning followed a statement by another Nobel prize winner scientist Dr Arthur H Compton that the combination oi airplanes and atomic weapons had made inevitable the establishment of a world government to mon opolize the power to wage war Byrnes said that although this country will keep the atomic sec ret for the time being it intends to maintain the bombs diplomatic value at zero Byrnes disclosed that the UNO would be asked to set up a com mission within 60 days to poin theway to peaceful use of atomic energy exchange of scientific in formation and outlawing of atom weapons LEADERS MEET FOR JAVA PEACE Batavia leaders of the unrecognized Indonesian re public will meet Saturday night with Dutch Gov Gen Hubertus J Van Mook in a session pledged to end the bloody fighting in Java It was announced officially U Gen Sir Philip Christison allied commander in the Dutch East Indies will preside at the meeting which the Dutch charao terized as an attempt to stave off economic disaster on the island Present will be young Premier i Sutan Sjahrir described as a mod i erate and his chief lieutenant Amur Sjarifuddin The announcement came as the British reported a lull in the bloody fighting at Soerabaja where the Indonesians fell back before the British Indian advance after putting the torch to ware houses and stores The official British casualty re port listed 14 killed and 5E wounded at Soerabaja from Nov 10 through 14 Casualties for th British since troops landed in Soerabaja now total 405 Officially it was said the casualties sino Wednesday were very light Labor Confab Washington UR CIO Fresi dent Philip Murray angered be cause the labormanagement con erence sidetracked his wage res olution Saturday refused to at tend a meeting of a subcommitte drafting a substitute proposal Convinced in his own mind tha he subcommittee would duck th ivajre question Murray indicate that he would make a fight ovc the issue floor when tb conference goes into plenary ses sion The subcommittee was unde instructions to take the Murra resolution and 2 of fered by management and th other by United Mine Worker President John L us them as the basis for a substitu resolution Murray had been appointed to the subcommittee along with Lew is AFL President William Green and 3 management representa tives He told newsmen he would not serve nor permit any other CIO member to serve because he as convinced the majority of the ubcommittee was opposed to con erence endorsement of a sub lantial wage increase for Ameri an workers Conceding he had suffered a etback Murray said he had no intention of walking out of the onference RUDELY wokeup screaming said Mrs Ethel Georgia seated on a trunk while telling how an automobile accidentally crashed through her bedroom win dow Denver Colo She escaped injury AP Wirephotb 22 INJURED IN TRAIN COLLISION Streamliner Hits Derailed Freight South Ben Refuse Sub of Krupp for 111 Father Nuernberg Germany international military tribunal re fused Saturday to indict Alfried Krupp proposed by U S Prose cutor Jackson as a substitute for Gustav Krupp Von Bohlen Und Halbach and ordered the trial of other nazis to start on schedule Nov 20 Martin Bormann missing since he left Hitlers side during the battle for Berlin will be tried in attorneys defendlng Win thi international war crimes tribuna ruledSiturdzjvf The to try Bormann Hitlers deputy and closest hench man during the final hours of nazi Germany was made upon recom mendation of Sir David Maxwell Fyfe deputy to the British prose cutor The British report sale there was doubt whether he was dead Gen I T Njkitchenko the sov iet judge appeared on the bench for the first time after flying here from Moscow Saturday tbllowing aicrash of Jthe advance Vanderbilt crack New York Central passen ger train into a derailed freight car B miles west of here The ChieagotoNew York all Ehillman train traveling at better than a mileaminnte clip slith ered parallel to the tracks for hun dreds of feet before the engine and 7 cars overturned at p m Friday Six other cars were derailed No fatalities were reported but 50 of the 214 passengers were in jured 22 of them requiring hps pitalization Fourteen of the in jured were brought to Memorial hospital here 4 to St Josephs A1 O 1 1 hospital and 4 to Holy Family hos feaSUrC AlmOSt bowed Mystery of Mussolinis REVEAL TORTURE DEATH OF YANKS Blame Yamashita for Direct Order Manila torture deaths of 4 more American prisoners of war were described Saturday by witnesses at the trial of Gen Tom oyuki Yamashita and the prosecu tion added surprise testimony di rectly blaming the defendant for the war crimes The tribunal accepted as evi dence a deposition by U S army describing the disco verey ofthe tortured and mutilated body of Pvt Wade E Gehsemer whose mother lives at Medina Ohio at Carigara Leyte Gerisemer was wounded am captured while on patrol Oct 30 1944 His body was found 3 day later the deposition said with th lingers jerked from their sockets lis feet burned hishead bashec in and his teeth knocked out The deaths of 3 American flyers one of whomwas bayoneted am buried alive after they had bee forced down on Batan island nort of Luzon was described by Bafae Puno a Filipino witness hiang Puts Breech in Teat Wall pital in La Porte Ind No Waiting Des Molnes Robino I witi 32 waited less than 24 hour l after his 2nd wife divorced him I before taking out a license Frida I to remarry his 1st wife who ha Idiyorced him in 1944 i BELSENGANG TO BE HANGED Luenebursr Germany ff Tosef Kramer and other leading defendants in the Lueneburg war crimes trial were condemned Sat urday to death by hanging for atrocities committed at Oswiecim and Belsen concentration camps The British military court con victed Kramer the excommand ant known as the Beast of Bel sen and 29 of his aides 2 guards at the end of the 9week rial Friday Fourteen others were acquitted Irma Grese blonde 22 year ol queen of the Belsen gang and Dr Fritz Klein greyhaired phy sician who chose victims for thi Osweicim gas chamber were among those condemned to die TOKYO HAS NO CRIME PROBLEM Tokyo is no crime roblem in Tokyo once the vorlds third largest city Brig Gen Hugh Dofeman pro ost marshal for the bombruined metropolis said Saturday that behavior of TJ S servicemen and rpanese civilians alike has been urprisingly good since the occu ation began Capt Michael S Frish chief of perations of the 720th military olice battalion reported that raffic violations and theft of eeps are the most common of enses Three servicemen have been MASON CITYAN LANDS IN STATES Alvin B Campbell AOM Mason City was scheduled t have arrived at Tacoma Wash on the U Si S Nevada Thursday according to an Associated Pres dispatch received here A killed No Japanese were involved Of the hundreds of rape cases re jorted only 6 have been substan iated Vicenza Italy mys ery of Mussolinis missing trea sure was believed to have been partially solved Saturday when jolice announced they had ar rested 2 men who were hunting a purchaser for 60 kilograms 13228 pounds of gold ingots Police said they were convinced he gold was part of Mussolinis private fortune They recalled published reports that alarge fortune supposedly capturec when the partisans trapped Mus solini near Dongo last spring later disappeared Part of the 60kilograms of in gots has been recovered and the remainder is being sought Chinwangtao na ionalist army headquarters an lounced its troops captured Shan laikwan Friday in a flanking movement that forces the Chi nese communist 8th route army o abandon the Great Wall gate way into Manchuria The Chungking press Saturday reported however that Chinese overnment officials who earlier had accepted control of postal ant telegraph faciUtiesJCrom the with French Reds Refuse Appeal to De Gaulle Paris comm unist party refused Saturday to join in a 3party appeal to Gen De Gaulle to reconsider his resigna tion as interim president of France The deadlock over allotment of a principal cabinet post appears no nearer solution following a meeting Saturday morning of a 30member committee represent ing the thrcs major parties in the constituent assembly Delegates of the Christian dem ocratic popular republican move ment MRP restated their partys determinaiton to accept only De Gaulle as president Socialists still trying to medi ate the dispute suggested that the committee ask De Gaulle to reconsider but the communists rejected the appeal and the meet ing ended without decision De Gaulle himself was reported refusing to compromise with com munist demands for one of the 3 key cabinet in terior or foreign affairs An intimate of the interim president said his trump card in the battle was the fact that he does not especially want the job of being president of the in terim government The general isnt snt playing politics this long ime associate of De Gaulle re ported He would just as soon retire to private life Normally the next step would Manchuriaii capital now were returning to Chungking Wo Americanplanes have been iised in support of Chinese na tionalist movements Additional reports on gunfire attacks on a train bearing U S Marine MajGen DeWitt Peck commander of the first marine division and a small detachment of leathernecks frorn Tientsin to Chinwangtao said the attack con tinued for 2 days Wednesday and Thursday The marines returned the fire that be for the assembly to elect a new interim president who would un dertake the task of forming a gov ernment However France has been so completely under the shadow oE DeGaulles popularity that this action has been deferred and French party leaders are working for a solution They seek an agreement among themselve which they can place before D Gaulle before the crucial assem bly meeting which is schedulec for Monday REVEAL STRONG ESPIONAGE IN ATTACK PROBE Planned to Call Off Attack If Peace Talk With US Succeeded Washington gave the Japanese task force last minute reports oh the American warships in Pearl Harbor as it steamed toward the attack senate house investigators learned Satur day Rear Admiral T B Inelis read to the congressional investigating committee a report disclosing that the Japanese had decided la call off their attack if diplomatic ne gotiations with the United States succeeded In event the Pearl Harbor at tack failed the Japs were pre pared to put their entire fleet in a battle with the American fleet said the report prepared from captured Japanese documents and other sources In presenting the summary In glis inserted information he said lad been received here only Fri lay night said that on Nov 29 Ameri can time as it was moving east vard the Jap task force was ad vised that there were only 2 American carriers in Pearl Har bor Previously it had expected to find 6 On Dec 5 2 days before the at tack the Japs were advised that all carriers had left the harbor The witness did not say how the said one officer who declared we retain the right to de Rankin to Florida Des Moines at the annualcon vent ion of the Na tional Association of Attorneys General at Jacksonville Fla Nov 2729 will beAtty Gen John M Rankin of Iowa association presi dent He will leave for Florida Nov 24 Redeployment Disrupts U S Army Government Organization in Berlin Berlin may be great for homesick GIs but it is rapidly disrupting the Amer ican military government organi zation in Berlin Col Frank Howley chief of the U S military government section said the army is sending his staff home so fast that by the end of this month all the enlisted men who originally trained for the ork in the United States will be ack home Howley said the officers on his aff are supposed to be frozen their jobs until next March ut he pointed out that any offi er over 50 years of age can leave or home most f the 140 officers on the AMG aff are in the upper age bracket fend ourselves when attacked The first attack occurred when Pecks train was stopped by dam aged tracks It continued through most of the daylight hours The marines interpreted the at tacks as attempts to prevent re pairs to the out at last not as an as sault against the Americans Plan to Open Classes t Grand Junction DISORDERS COOL IN PALESTINE Jerusalem UR AntiBritish disorders appeared to have ended n Tel Aviv Saturday and ad vices from the Jewish coastal set lement said there had been no further casualties or curfew vio lations in the past 24 hours During the night British au thorities dropped tens of thou sands of pamphlets in mailboxes throughout the city calling upon the people to maintain order and refrain from further disturbances The townspeople were reported mingling freelywith the British troops who were called in to put down the extremist riots earlier in the week Esther Williams and Sgt Ben Gage to Marry Hollywood if Esther Wil liams movio actress and Sgt Ben Gage former radio arjnouncer on the Bob Hope program will be married in Beverly Hills Sunday Nov 25 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and Saturday followed by clear ing and colder Saturday night Lowest temperature 22 Sunday cloudy with light showers in aft ernoon owa Cloudy and colder Satur day Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday Colder Sat urday night Minnesota Cloudy north and cen tral and partly cloudy extreme south portion Saturday nigh and Sunday Occasional ligh snow northwest and north cen tral portions Saturday night an northeast and east central por tions Sunday Colder south ant east portions Saturday night Little change in temperatur Sunday IN MASON CITY i GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Saturday Maximum 61 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Saturday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 34 ire Destroys Home 2 Dogs at Dougherty completely de troyed the home of Will Fowler n Denny street in the north part f town at 10 a m Saturday causing a loss estimated at tembers of the family were no it home but 2 dogs in the house vere burned to death The fire was discovered by Mrs Robert Ormsby who saw smoke coming from the house Firemen vere called from Sheffield Rock veil as well as Dougherty bu they could do nothing except pre vent spread of the fire to neigh boring buildings Nothing in th building was saved Deployment Timetable Paris rede ployment timetable 75TH INFANTRT DIVISION On high seas 8TH ARMORED DIVISION O high seas 26TH INFANTRY DIVISION Now in Camp Pittsburgh Oise sec tion 8TH INFANTRY DIVISION I eL Havre staging area reading date set for Nov 28 1TH INFANTRY DIVISION In itial elements at Calais Grand Junction Classes robably will resume Monday at IB Grand Junction school which osed Friday because of an in uenza outbreak Three teachers ecameill and substitute teachers ould not be obtained An average of 90 of the schools 40 pupils had been absent from chool daily this week because of disease Supt Alfred Ogland eported MORSE BOUND TO GRAND JURY Involved in Shooting During Picketing E G Morse owner and man ager of E G Morse Produce 513 2nd N E waived preliminary hearing through his attorney Fri day afternoon before Police Judge B R Dunn and was bound over to the grand jurys January term on a charge of being armed with a gun or revolver with intent to use the same unlawfully con trary to section 129351 of the Code of Iowa His appearance bond was set which was furnished Morse was arrested by police at his home 28 Carolina S E Wednesday Nov 7 at p m following a shooting incident in connection with picketing by strikers at the Morse plant earlier that same evening A preliminary hearing set for Nov 8 the morning after the shooting had been continued to Saturday Nov 17 Information against Morse vas filed by Rus sell Bull field representative of District 3 of the United Packing house Workers with headquarters in Fort Dodge information was relayed to the Japanese Inglis told the committee that the new report received from an American counter intelligence agent quoted a Japanese naval lieutenant commander as saying thatthO tnemy task force h ceived information through the broadcasts of an unnamed com mercial Honolulu radio station Inglis discounted this however saying that an investigation by army navy and FBI officials in Pearl Harbor had failed to dis close any basis for this version Japanese pilots were quoted in the report as expressing the belief that information on the movement of American ships had been ob tained by a JapaneseAmerican stationed aboard the Jap admirals flagship to decode commercial broadcasts In testimony Friday Inglis had said the United States Pacific fleet was numerically inferior to the Japanese in December 1941 Thus it might have faced defeat had the Japanese brought it to battle The reportwas based on trans lations of captured documents questioning of prisoners of war Sioux City Officer on U S Shores New York Gen Gor on C Hollar Sioux City Iowa ormer provost marshal general the European theater of opera tions was the first of 4342 sol iers army nurses and WACS to debark when the troopship Argen ina arrived Friday Hollar said he was returning to Iowa for the 3 recu jeration and rehabilitation Then will report to Washington for reassignment Gillettes Plane Forced Back on England Trip New York U S Senator GuyM Gillette of Iowa was aboard a Pan American plane forced by motor trouble to return Friday to La Guardia field shortly after it took off for Hum Eng Gillette was bound for London as head of a committee of the American League for Free Pales tine Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette 1 carrier boy Navy Thaws Oat Frozen Personnel for Discharge Washington The navy has made eligible for discharge some and questionnaires which Gen Douglas A MacArthur submitted to former members of the Japa nese naval high command after the occupation Study of the Japanese plan of jeration the report said indi cates the Japanese high command made the following assumptions with regard to the United States fleet That the main body of the U S Pacific fleet would be at an chor within Pearl Harbor on De cember 1941 Sunday Hawaii time That a carrier force could be moved from home waters across the Pacific to within striking distance of the main islands of the Hawaiian group without un due risk of detection by American defensive reconnaissance That should assumptions A or B be in error a reserve group of heavy naval units could sortie from the Inland sea to give support to the carrier striking force in a decisive engagement with the American fleet The other task forces of the Japanese fleet southern force northern force and the South sea force would be available for this purpose Im plied in the plan is the assump tion that in the event of such an engagement the combined strength of the bulk of available Japanese major fleet units would be suf fient to defeat the American fleet A powerful carrier air strike directed against the Ameri can forces based in Hawaii could if tactical surprise were effected achieve the strategic result of 3435 officers and 20375 enlisted men previously need for their senices was critical frozen because Of these the department said 2350 officers and 7392 enlisted men will have points enough for release by Jan 1 Enlisted classifications and point scores Shore patrol specialists 38 disbursing storekeeper male 44 fe male 29 key punch operator specialists male 38 female 23 Punch card accounting machine operator specialists male 44 female 29 Hospital corpsmen with specialty in occupational or physical therapy and assigned to duty in continental U S hospitals or naval special hospitals male 44 female 29 transportation specialists male 44 fe male 29 Unfrozen officer classifications Shore patrol Specialists on electric tabulating machines postal graduates or students of naval schools of Oriental languages cost crippling the American fleet that such a strike could achieve also the destruction of American land based air power and thus permit the Japanese striking force to withdraw without damage Expressing belief that the com plete plan was not known through out the top rank of the Japanese government the report said It is reported that the em peror knew in advance only the general outline of the plan and that none of the Japanese officials who were in the United States in cluding Ambassadors Nomura and inspection service physical or occupational therapy specialists in conI Kurusu knew anything about the I tinental or special hospitals I plan in advance I   

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