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Mason City Globe Gazette: Monday, November 12, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 12, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FORT THE HOME DEMSTMtNT OF HI3TORY AND AflCKIVtS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS and United Pros Fun Lcued Onu Copyi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 12 1945 NO if One ManV Opinion A Radio Commentarytoy W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City p m WSU1 Citr WXaeidaf p M WOI Amci Frltor p B WTAD Ut Friday UCJ Cilr tetnrdaT f H Haven for Fascism T tSUALLY on visiting another country Ive had feeling that I washelped in my under standing of the people and their customs including pqjitical be havior But in the case ol Argen tina where 4 years ago I spent abouta month Im not at all sure that my understanding along this line was advanced at all Inthis commentary Im going to recall some of my observations and impressions I hope it will prove interesting to listeners but I make no claim that what i re port will be helpful to you in com prehending the fastmoving events on Argentinas political arena The truth is as Ive admitted they havent aided me very much in that respect MY first glimpse of Argentina was from high in an air plane over theAndes enroute from Santiago Chile to Buenos Aires At an altitude 61 18000 feetour pilot changed direction all of a sudden swooped a bit and pointed to a tiny white ob ject far below object was the famous Christ of the Andes the white marble statue on the ChileanAr gentine mountain border erected to pledge and symbolize an eter nal peace between Z once warlike South American neighbors Two giant radio towers alongside the statue were ranch easier to spot than the Cbristus I first set foot upon Argentine soil at Mehdoza so close to the Andes that Aconcagua highest peak in the western hemisphere past which we hadflown earlier in the day was still visible in the hazy distanceAnother brief stop was made at city of a quarter of a million population one of the countrys most important military j Late in stin sinking behind the layer ol clouds ithroughiwhicby or over which we hadflown over most of Argentinawe satdownon the Aires airport arid took up residence in the western hemis pheres 3rd largest city exceeded only by New York and Chicago UNLESS it be tendon in Eng land no other city in the world so completely dominates the country in which it is situated as does Buenos Aires In a very real sense Buenos Aires B A they callit IS Argentina The life of eco nomic about B A as itshub An American Correspondent writing about Buenos Aires re cently made the comment that that city had suffered less front the war than any other city in the whole world Its still the ctty of plenty As yon walk down the street yonsee mounds of choco lates and fruit piled high in store windows There are no evidences whatever of wartime shortages such as even we here In favored CttHed States have experienced an appraisal written at the end of the war It tallies exactly with my observations In Buenos Aires at the time our x country was about tSenter the war In every respect it appeared to be a city tailored to order ONCE B A was complimented when it was referred to as the Paris 6J the western hemis phere In recent years however this designation wasnt welcomed Its people have becomepretty we sold on the idea that they have a city whichshould rest on its own name arid fame The comparison with Parishas considerable to recommend it so far as its general plan is con cerned Its laid out on a pattern of wide sweeping avenues many of them diagonal and running into circles with heroic statues Sidewalk cafes too are reminis cent of Paris The limited slum area is set off by itself IN other respects however th comparison could better be B between Buenos Aires and New York City There are skyscrapers tallest of them 33 stories There are shops on the famous Florida avenue that stack up with the best on New York 5th av enue In some of these stores there are large show windows set on anendless chain which give way to a new display at periodic in tervals The one field however wherein Buenos Aires doesnt take m back seat to any other city in the worl the possible exception o Moscow In under ground transportation Its subway trains are the last word and eacl of its many subway stations is i art gallery telling th history of Argentina in varl colored tile mosaics I couldnt believe my eyes Yes by any standard of meas urement B A is a great city completely dominating the life o Continued en Page Z CLAIM ATTLEE ASKS ATOM POOL United States Observes Peacetime Armistice Day By UNITED PRESS States observed first peacetime Armistice day since with Sunday services throughout the nation and the world for the dead of both world wars Observance in a world at peace of the 27th anniversary of the Armistice which ended the first World War was fighttag In IndoCbiaa Javaand Manchuria In Washington President Truman British Prime Minister Clement Attlee and Canadian Prime Minister WL MacKenzie King inter rupted discussions on the atomic bomb to lay wreaths on the tomb of Americas unknown soldier King George VI placed a wreath on a Whitehall monu ment in London honoring almost 1500000 English dead of the 2 World Wars Throughout the United States the observance extended through Monday with banks stock ex changes federal offices and many private businesses closed GFs in Japan marked the an niversary in Tokyo Sunday with a wild west rodeo in the Meljl baseball stadium Special trains from all sections of the country brought thousands of soldiers to the show More than 1000 French and American soldiers paraded through thestreets of Reims scene Germanys surrender in World War II Throughout the European continent natives blanketed the graves of war dead with flowers In of strifetorn day was marked by an early mass and a review of British Indian and French troops Marshal Zhukov led the red army observance in Berlin where a nge monument was dedicated to Russian soldiers killed in the battle or the city The statue of a red army soldier was unveiled in the Teirgarten efore the ruined nazi reichstag building A review of 5 Russian bat alions included one company each of French American and British CHINESE STRIFE TO BE SETTLED IN CONFERENCE Final Issue of War or Peace Rests With Chiang Reds Chum Chungking com munists said Monday that they and Chiang KaiSheks central government have agreed to allow the proposed political consultative council to settle all outstanding issues of Chinas undeclared civ il war and that the council will be called into session about Nov 20 The final Issue of peace or all outwar however rests with the generalissimo a communist spokes man asserted adding It Chiang cancels his orders for bandit suppression there can be peace The decision to entrust disputed issues to the new council was reached at a Sunday peace talk arranged by the increasingly in fluential liberal Chinese cratic league while thickened as the result of 2 other developments The govern ment called Chinas al assembly to meet May with no word of whether com munists would be given repre sentation they demanded and a top nationalCHIANG KAISHEK ist general forecast a major gov ernmenV drive into Manchuri very soon despite crack com WARS YEARS we crowds in Paris celebrated the end of the war to end war Nov 11 1918 AP Photo House Military Group Splits on Control of Atomic Energy Scientists Protest Against Broad Power of Proposed Group PRESIDENT TRUMAN GREETSPRIME MINISTER President Truman left shakes hands with British Prime Minister Attlee on the steps of the White House as U S Secretary of State James F Byrnes looks on at center during greeting shortly after the British leaders arrival by plane from London to discuss the atomic bomb AP Wirephoto Washington Congress took a deep breath Monday before wading into a torrent of angry words about atomic energy peace time military training Pearl Har borand jobs lor all The shouting starts Tuesday In keeping with the Armistice day holiday the senate passed up a session Monday The house ar ranged to meet briefly and then recess until Tuesday Heres the way the fighting shapes up then house military committee has split in two on this issue A majority of the commit tee recently approved a bill pro posed by the administration to set up a commission with broad powers over the development and use of atomic energy Many scien tists who worked on the atomic bomb project protested that the powers under the bill were too sweeping and that the controls suggested were too strict Then 9 members of the commu te Saturday night issued a caus tic minority report backing up the scientists and demanding that the whole subject be reopened before the bill is sent to the house floor for debate One of the 9 dissentin ters is a democrat the rest are re publicans A vote may come Tuesday MILITARY TRAINING The same committee also has to vote on whether to continue its hearings on the politicallypotent issue of universal service The hearings began last week with testimony from Secretary of War Patterson urging a years training for every American young man But Rep Short R Mo threw the whole schedule off by de manding that the committee post pone further consideration uritil next year or until the which so far has done nothing on the a training bill Chairman May D Ky called a halt to the hearingsUntil Tues day in an effort to marshal sup porters Both sides say they have the votes to win JOBS Democratic Leader Bafkley of the senate says hes de termined congress cant talk of a holiday recess until it sends the employment bill to President Truman The senate has passed this a modified the house hasnt had a chance to act on it yet Even when it does it may differ from the sen ate version and that will require a senatehouse conference to write a measure agreeable to both chambers Opponents say they dont like the idea of having the government promise a job for everyone The administration says it thinks all Americans able and willing to work should have an opportunity to do so PEARL senate house committee set up to find out the real story behind the Pa cific military disaster has decided tentatively on 48 witnesses for the hearings that start Thursday Rep Keefe R kept alive the controversy that has been raging for weeks over the inquiry by say ing the list is all right as far as it goes but isnt complete Keefe says FIB Chief J Edgar Hoover and some of his agents who were in Hawaii at the time of the Japa nese attack ought to be added to the list Sundays 3party placed the question ot calling an immediate halt to hostilities at the top of the political councils agen da the communist spokesman said He disclosed that wires have been sent urgently summoning to Chungking Tung Pou communist member of the Chinese delegation to the SanFrancisco conference now in New York Tong Fon would be one of the communists 7 delegates on the council the spokesman said A similar wire was sent to Carson Chang leader of Chinas national socialist party one of 6 groups forming the democratic league He will be one of the leagues repre sentatives Ai the council Lt Gen TuLiMing national ist supreme commander for Man churia said his 13th and 52nd army troops would begin moving forward very from their positions north of Chinwangtao Thus farhe said his troops have only defended themselves com munisls he alleged had attacked in that sector 7 times Prior to the peace parley the Wang Jo Fei red leader in withdrawn from the position that all lighting must stop before the meeting of the Chinese political consultative council to settle the issues leading to civil war The reds had not withdrawn however from their demands for redistribution of delegates to the national assembly to include com munist representation within the total membership now allowed or from the statement that summon ing of the assembly without red approval and participation would be a very grave affair Nationalist dispatches charged the reds attacked the government held highway towns of Taikang and Kihsien in eastern Honan and reported nationalist recapture of Tsaoyang another highway point in northern Hopeh Urges Soviet Intervention in Java Rift Batavia Java Minister Soebardjo pleaded Mon day for soviet intervention on be IOWAN DROWNS San Francisco navy has identified Jack C Pullman chief pharmacists mate of Sid ney la as 1 of 11 men who drowned in a navy shpreboat sink ing here Oct Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Cloudy with showers Mon day and Monday night Warmer Monday Partly cloudy ant colder Tuesday rN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Sunday morning Maximum 39 Minimum 30 At 8 a m Sunday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 33 GlobeGazette weather statistics for24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 44 38 47 1 55 sian republic as heavilysupported Jritish Indian infantry renewed he housetohouse assault which rove Indonesian nationalists from almost half of Soerabaja iver the weekend It is apparent now that Brit ain is paving the way for the re mpositioh of Dutch rule in Indo nesia Soebardjo said in a radio appeal addressed to1 Soviet For elgn Commissar V ntMolptoy The Indonesian hat the Russians aidin winning justice from the world for the tidonesians He promised that he Indonesians would assist al ied forces in disarming and evacuating Javabased Japanese forces By the very principle of inde pendence we do not like foreign iroops on Indonesian soil Soe iardjq told the soviet foreign commissar He added however Lhat the presence of British Srpops is tolerable for a certain time Meanwhile the battle for Soe rabaja raged with unabated fury after a weekend of fighting in which the British renewed their air attacks upon Indonesian forces Indonesianmanned Jap anese tanks reportedly fired 30 shells into the 5th Indiaa division ranks Both Indonesian and British sources indicated that Indonesian casualties were heavy Presiden Soekarno declared that thou sands and thousands of civilians had been killed in a vast mas official Britishrepor said that many of the enemy were slain Ip fanatical charges against British and tha many Indonesian bodies were re moved by women after Satur days fighting The British announced tha theirfighter bombers had blastei the main Indonesian army head quarters and 3 other staff head quarters with direct hits The British also said their ar tillery had silenced the Indone sianmanned tanks after they at tacked Indian troops Twentyon British Sherman tanks and a number of tracked gun carrier turretless Shermans arrived in Batavia to reinforce British force in Java They included on squadron of a tank detachmen and the battalion headquarters o the duke of Connaughts own Ian cers Three t o pranking Japanes generals were placed under arres by British authorities on charges of violating allied surrender or ders by turning tanksarmore cars guns and ammunition ove to the Indonesians The titled as Lt Gen Nagano i com mander of the Japanese 161 army MaJ Gen Yamamoto his chief of staff and Maj Gen Na himiira commander of Japanes forces in central b removed to Singapore Wednesda for trial as war criminals Auto Big 3 US Steel in Labor Rift Spotlight Washington JP With the labormanagement conference in Armistice day recess the capital Monday watched big teel and the next move on the chessboard of Indus rial relations United iStatesSteel corporation shortlysviH consider and reply to Secretary of labor Schwellenbachs 2nd request that Benjamin F Fairless U S Steer president wired Schwelienbach REELECT SCHMIDT Lincoln Nebr John F Schmidt Sioux City was reelect ed vice president of the America InterProfessional Institute a Saturdays convention here UNITED NATIONS WOULDCOMBINE SCIENCE WORK White House Silent on 3 Power Parley About Atomic Energy Washington report that Prime Minister Attlee is urging an international pool of scientific information held Washington at tention Monday as official silence cloaked the historic atomic energy conferences An official in a position to who declined to be identified as to position or na reporters the Brit ish prime minister had suggested o President Truman and Premier Mackenzie King of Canada that 1 Unless atomic and other dis coveries are channeled into con trolled uses for peace they will be given over to warmaking pur poses 2 The best way to channel these discoveries into proper uses is to share them with other na safeguards for the fu ture are set up The official added that any pooling by the 3 countries now holding the secret of the atomic bomb would require coopera tion by Russia France and the other united nations The others participating would be asked to make their own developments available to the same pool There was no comment from the white house or other official circles on this report after Mr Truman Attlee and Mackenzie King returned Sunday night from a 9hour cruise on the Folomac river where they continued dis cussions begun Saturday hey resume wage talks with America the CIO United Steel Workers of funday night that the invitation to resume negotiations under a spe ial conciliator Wednesday e taken up when company of icials are available after the loliday NeverthelessFairless stated any new negotiations on the mions demanded daily wage ncrease cannot be expected to produce results until OP A acts oh price increases to which the teel industry has long been en itledby reason of past heavy in creases in its costs If an impasse exists Fairless added responsibility forit rests squarely with the OPA His tele ram remarked also that although the present wage contract runs until next October and contains a nostrike clause the union has scheduled a strike vote Novem ber 28 Fairless last week turned down Schwcllenbachs first request for a renewalof conferences on the ground that OP A should set first on the price issue The secre tarys 2nd appeal mildly rebuk ing the corporation said the gov ernment was not insisting upon any agreement as to a wage in crease but only for ah attempt at collective bargaining In the auto industry too it was a case of watchful waiting There the threat of a strike against one or all of the Big 3 Motors Chrysler and on a 24 hour basis The companies remained silent as a 6 man strategy committee took full charge of the CIO Unit ed Auto Workers fight for a 30 per cent wage increase The com mittee headed by UAW Presi dent R J Thomas was author ized by the unions executive board in session here to act as it may see fit in support of the wage demand DAW Vice President Walter Heather said this would permit a strike call on immediate notice if developments warranted The workers have endorsed use of the strike weapon in federallycon ducted balloting Reuther announced he Is call ing a special national General Motors conference in Detroit Mon day and Tuesday Nov 19 and 20 He said the conference will be attended by more than 200 dele gates from the more than 100 GM plants throughout the nation It will hear a report on develop ments and will discuss further steps in sup port of the unions demand for increased wages without in creased prices Meanwhile 2groups offered by stander reports on the laborman agement scene The national labor relations board said unions are asking new strike votes at the rate of 45 a day and that October brought an avalanche 666 new requests for strike polls more than double the previous record The Brookings institution in a report on labor policies of the federal government said that la bor agreements should be made legally enforcable if the govern ment wants business to engage in collective heartedly bargaining whole Children Send Ration Points for Discharge Nehalem Ore A1 Comdr E D Flahertys family was dis cussingfathers shortage of points for navy discharge It gave Flahertys children an idea to help get him home It looked pretty simple to them They wrote his commanding of ficer asking him please to get daddy out of the navy sooner and enclosed OPA ration stamps worth 20 points Eben Ayers acting white house press secretary conferred briefly return then toldreporterstfiefe would be no statement of any kind The 3 talked before sitting downto a steak Ipncheon aboard Secretary of the Navy Forrestals yacht the Sequoia then re sumed their discussions at p m after a p m pheasant dinner Ayers said the group talked again until the vessel docked at p m The discussions were described as of the round table variety Those sitting in were Secretary of State James F Byrnes the Earl of Halifax British ambas sador Sir Jotm Anderson chair man of the British atomic energy advisory commission Fleet Ad miral William D Leahy Mr Tru mans chief of staff and Lester Pearson the Canadian ambassa dor Attlee a white house guest Saturday and Sunday planned to moveto the British embassy after breakfast Monday He apparent ly intends to return to the execu tive mansion later to resume the discussions Mackenzie King is staying at Blair house which is reserved for official guests At a state dinner In honor of his guests Saturday night Mr Truman said the discussions were being approached prayerfully in the hope of agreements and policies which will make the united nations a living moving active program The president also reiterated his desire for a continuing Ameri can foreign policy that would pre vail regardless of the party in power Responding Attlee said that what we need most of all is a universal foreign policy x X x di rected not to any immediate aim of any particular country but x x x conceived in the interest of all the people of the world The 3 leaders paused in their deliberations Sunday to visit Ar lington cemetery as part of Arm istice day ceremonies Tuesday Attlee will address a joint session congress Strike Picture At a Glance 280000 Workers idle By UNITED TRESS Strikes and resultant work stoppages made 280000 idle in 36 states Monday The highlights bread famine threatened San Francisco os AFL bakery drivers struck for higher wages and independent union members were ready to soin the walkout were signs of a possible settlement in the lengthy northwest lumber strike as some AFL locals prepared to back down S 10 an industrywide minimum hourly wage of sinPBCILpINGA 5day walkout of 13000 CIO shipbuilders continued Kearny and Port Newark N J yards of U S Steel employes of the LibbeyOwensFord and Pitts burlLPlate GIass comPany carried their strike into its 4th week threat to close the Buffalo N Y harbor was made by 50 striking tugmen in an overtime pay dispute but pros pects were brighter for settlement of a strike of 50000 AFL and CIO machinists in the San Francisco Bay area TRANSPORTATIONGreyhoUnd Bus company service remained tied up m 10 eastern and 7 southwestern states by a strike of its em ployes seeking higher wages CHARLES CITYAN KILLED BY AUTO Bernard Harold Hit in Middle of Street Charles J Har old aged about 57 was killed near his home here Sunday eve ning as he walked in the middle of the street when struck by an automobile driven by Robert Vandblair 17 who lives near Nashua Coroner Carl Hauser said an in quest would be held Tuesday A son Leo who has been in the county jail for several weeks on a charge of cheating by false pretense uttering a worthless check was released following the death of his father so he could look after affairs t   

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