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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, October 31, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 31, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LU Associated Brag and United PMS MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy Mixed Reactions on Truman Talk j By UNITED PRESS CIO leaders showed mixed reaction Wednesday to President LABOR REACTION uuer CIOs United Automobile Workers rice for Philip Murray because Jt failed to of iii S3id tle board would make a form ton ThSsday SP r its meeting in Washing hf resident William Green was expected to comment Wednes the Internatonal Association of Machinists J Jrident John Lewis of the United Mine Workers had no im mediate comment i J president said Mr Truman had removed ine last excuse of the automobUe companies to refuse our proposed 30 per cent payroll increase PV vice President handling negotiations With General Motors said Mr Truman had strengthened the unions position and mandated the automobile manufacturers to get back to free ana fair collective bargaining EMPLOYER REACTION General Motors executives said they had no immediate comment wlfwas immediate comment from President Ira Mosher of the National Association of Manufacturers or officials of the Cham ber of Commerce of the United States Industrialist said Mr Trumans proposal could only work if American workers produced as much In the 40 hour week as they did in the 48hour week eal be proportionately Ijncbln CIO United Packinghouse Workers Ask Strike Vote BULLETIN Washington The United Packing House Workers CIO Wednesday filed a petition with the National Labor Relations boaVd for a strike vote In more than 200 meat packing plants from coast to By UNITED PRESS The nations reconversion efforts were hampered Wednesday by strikes and shutdowns idling 201000while threats of further strikes hung ominously over major industries Most of the postwar strikes were caused by labors demands for Mgner wages among them CIO and AFL requests for 30 per cent rsiscs Meantime the house military affairs committee approved legisla tion to take bargaining rights from unions violating nostrike pro visions of labor contracts and viding for repeal of the Smith Connally atfs strikevote and fed eral plant seizure authority jOthet labor i 450000werestrikebpjwiIndustry had a brief breathingspell during a decline in work stoppagesivnich lowered the figureto 190000 on Oct 25 5 strike of 13000 AFL and CIO machinists idled some 50000 union njachmists in 186 shipyards shops and factories in the San FranciscoOakland bay area over wagedifferences Trnman was to meet later this week with R J Thomas president of the United AutomobUe Workers and united mine workers chieftain JohnK Lewis The president met Tuesday with Benjamin Fairless U S steel president taking the leadin rejectingthe CIO United Steel workers demand for a day increase in pay Hollywood the 34week movie studio work stoppage was finally settled the Motion Picture Producers association announced Seven thousand workers were scheduled to go back to their jobs Wednesday backtowork order apparently was taking effect as Chicago and Detroit maintenance men ofAmerican airlines returned towork pending federal mediation of a wage controversy Employes ofthe airlines subsidiary Ameri can Export lineswereslated to go back New York local 40 of the CIO Ajnerican Communications association offered to support the AFL Commercial Telegraphers union in a fivehour work stop page scheduled for Friday ACA Western Union employes in the metropolitan area would refuse to accept messages from cities in which AFL workers quit the CIO local said The AFL union ordered 43500 to stay off their jobs to pro test alleged wage increase inequi ties Strikes At a Glance By UNITED PRESS Reconversion disputes idled 261000 workers throughout the na tion Wednesday The major trouble spots MACHINISTSA strike of 13000 AFU and CIO machinists seek ing a 30 per cent wage increase forced 50000 San FranciscoOakland mto itUeness I86 factories export airlines maintenance men remained on strike atLaGuardia Field New York American 3HrlinesCround crewmen wpnf Knnv wim York Phiraan Youth Damage Here Police Chief Harold e Wednesday warned youth to avoid Halloween vandalism He said that youths caught damaging or destroying property will be held for juvenile court and parents also would be Tield responsible Cooperation is being asked of all parents said Chief Wolfe in warning their children against vandalism We want the children to Save fun but we askparents to be responsible for the actionsof their children and ask the coop eration of everyone in preventing destruction of property The chiefs statement followed check reported throughout the city Tuesday eve Fourteen instances of dam agewere on the police bulletin They were of miscellaneous na ture including typical pranks such as barricading streets breaking lights throwinggarbage and dumping cement on streets Flat tires were also reported Several boys are now being held for action after they had broken street lightsExtra police will be on duty Wednesday evening Chief Wolfe said Children on the streets after curfew hours will be sent home and parents will be held responsible Expect Increase Des Moines state drivers license division expects a 10000 increase in thenumber of Iowa chauffeurs licenses in 1955 The division which will start renewing sucb licenses next Monday says with men returning from service discontinuance of gasoline rationing and more new motor vehicles the number of li censes probably will hit 80000 next year compared with 70000 this year Hollywooct film craftsmen were scheduledto re turn to their jobs Wednesday following fina settlement of a 34 week junsdictional dispute United Automobile workers armed with strike votes among half a million members prepared to resume wage negotiations with the automotive industrys Big Gen eral Motors and Chrysler building construction lagged as 81000 AFL lumber workers remained away from their jobs in support of de mands for a minimum hourly wage SHDPWNGGalveston and Houston Texports remained strike bound y AFL warehousemen and longshoremen seeking pay m 12 LibbeyOwensFord and Pittsburgh Plate Glass company plants was1 still curtailed by a strike of 18000 m workers following a breakdown in contract negotiations STEf of 600000 CIO steel workers will vote within the next 30 days whether to halt production in 766 steeL ore and aluminum plants to force demands for a a day increase MASON CrtYaOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 31 1945 This PapaConsists of Two Ono TRUMAN SHIES WAGE ISSUE Reveal Thousands Killed by Japanese Manila parade of wit nesses told a military tribunal Wednesday thaf they saw Japa nese soldiers gleefully toss a baby onto a bayonet1 decapitate a pleading schoolgirl and brutally slay thousands of other civil ians during the rape of Manila last February Three hundred and 73 persons died in one massacre alone wit nesses said The Japanese herded some 800 civilians into the dln ine hall of St Pauls Catholic col lege then blew off the roof and bayonetfed and shot down surviv ors who tried to escape through windows Mariano Del Rosario Manila undertaker testified that he bur ied 8000 bodies in 2 monthsmost of them civilians bayonetted shot raped or otherwise tortured by the Japanese in a final orgy of destruction as American libera tion forces stormed into the city Charged with responsibility for all the many more yet to be Gen TomoyukiYamashita Japanese commander in chief in the Phil ippines during 1944 and 1945 He is on trial before the tribunal for his life The court disclosed that it will meet behind closed doors Tuesday to hear some of Manilas most prominent women tell in their own words how they were raped by Japanese soldiers at the Bay view hotel during the horrible days of early February Altogether 40 women and girls were raped at the hotel the court said The Japanese cruelly mis treated and abused 400 others in cluding 36 victims of attempted rape The court said it would meet in Star chamber to protect the wom ens reputations Highlights of the testimony will be made available later by the prosecution however Witnesses at Wednesdaysses sion told of 8 separate massacres carried out by Japanese serving Under Yamashita Shocked spec tators gasped as the frightful tales of wanton atrocities and slaughterunfolded Dr Luis Vasquez testified that a Japanese soldier EC alteredcandy the floor of the dining room of St Pauls college to entice hungry Filipinos inside Once the people had crowded into the room he said the Japa nese blew it up Survivors who attempted to jump from windows were mowed doiva by rifJes gren ades and machineguns He was one of the few inside the building to escape withhis life Pretty Angeles Borahana 28 another survivor said Japanese soldiers stood in the hallway after the explosion and laughed lik fools She looked directly at Yamashita as she testified Miss Borahana testified she saw one Japanese throw a baby to ward the ceiling and a 2nd catch it with his bayonet impaling the infant through its stomach I saw the baby dangling from the said She said she saw other Japanese looting Filipino dead Adortor Herminio Velarde tolc the tribunal that he saw a Japa nese grab a 15 year old girl by her hair then slice off her head with a saber whileShe tearfully pleaded for mere Monsignor OConnor 82 Dies Pontifical Requiem Mass on Saturday The Right Rev P S OConnor 82 pastor emeritus of St Josephs Catholic church and prominent in the religious and civic life of this community for quarter of a century died Tuesday night at Dubuque after an illness of several years A solemn pontifical requiem mass will be said at St Josephs church in Mason City Saturday mfivninff at Li The body will be brought from U59ue Mason City arriving at Si Josephsat Friday eve rung A delegation from the par ish will be present at that time and constant watch willbe kept byrparishioners atthe church un rtilthe time of the funeral who rose from humble origin in Ireland to become a member of the papal household haft served as head of the Mason City deanery since July 18 1918 whenhe came to fill the place left vacant by the death of Dean M V Carolan in December of he previous year During hb pastorate here he built St Josephs parish into one of the strongest in the archdiocese He was elevated to the monsig nori in October 1932 The inves titure took place in a colorful ceremony at St Josephs church presided over by the late Arch bishop Francis J Beckman on April 19 1933 In 1934 Monsignor OConnor celebrated the 50th anniversaryof hisordination At that time a delegation of more than 80 priests and prelates headed by Arch bishop Beckman was present for the ceremonies Monslgnorj his faurijr education iff the school thereHe later entered a private classical school at Bahdon Coun ty Cork which heattended until he went toSt Finbarrs seminary at Cork There he completed his college course At AIVHalJows college atDub liri a pioneer school he received training in philosophy theology religion and history and was or dained June23 1889 On Sept 27 1889 Monsignor OConnor arrived at Dubuque and was appointed assistant at St THE RIGHT REV1 P S OCONNOR Raphaels cathedral there In Oc tober 1890 he became the first resident pastor at Oelwein with Hazleton arid lament as outmis sions He remained there nearly 28 years until he came to Mason City He was dean of Cerro Gordo Worth Winnebago Franklin and Hancock counties For many years it was the cus tom of the Holy Name society to honor Monsignor OConnor on the occasion of his birthday He at tended these celebrations until ill ness made it impossible He made 6 visits to his native Ireland the lastlone in 1929 at which time he said he noted the Irish were thriv ing under the Free State govern ment ofhisiof ficeuntil illness made retirement necessaryHe was at the Mercy hospital 3 years arid last June was taken to Dubuque Monsignor OConnor will be in terred at St Josephs cemetery beside the grave ofDean Carolan The Meyer funeral home is in charge The Meyer funeral home will be in chargeof funeral arrangements 4 POWEiSHARE IN JAPAN FLEET Part of Japanese Navy to Be Destroyed Washington of State Byrnes announced Wednes day that Russia Britain andChina would share equally with the United States in a division of that part of the Japanese fleet which is not destroyed The vessels to be divided in clude 38 destroyers and an un disclosed number of small coastal defense ships of 800 to 900 tons Those to be spoke of scuttling a battleship 4 aircraft carriers of which 3 are damaged 4 cruisers of which 3 are damaged and 51 submarines Asked at a n e w s conference whether the method of scuttling would allow a test to determine the effectiveness of atomic bombs on naval units Byrnes said that he did not know the method to be employed However navnl sources have indicated such an experiment might be made Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and warmer Wednesday night and Thursday Iowa Fair and cooler Wednesday increasing cloudiness slowly rising temperatures Wednesday night Showers beginning west portion Wednesday night and overspreading state Thursday Slightly warmer Thursday aiinnesota Considerable cloudi ness with occasional light rain north and east portions Wednes day night and north portion Thursday Beginning light snow Wednesday night Rising tem peratures IN MASON CITY JIobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum B6 Minimum 22 At 8 a m Wednesday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 43 x JAPS SURRENDER SAMURAI of ficers line up at Kuala Lumpur Malay Peninsula to sur render their Samuraiswords to the 25th Indian Division troops of Adm Mountbattens Southeast Asia Command This is a British official photo AP Wirephoto Slaying of Officer Mars Truce in Java Fighting Batavia Java Gen Sir Philip Christison allied com mander in the Netherlands East Indies issued an ultimatum Wednes day threatening to crush with the overpowering force of modern weapons any Indonesian forces which commit unprovoked attacks upon British troops xv Christison aced swiftly after announcing that Brig A W F Mallaby commander of the 49th Indian brigade had been murdered at Soerabaw Tuesday night while arranging details of a cease fire nrflerin the company ot Indonesian dGfl asleep whether he held Soekarno responsible for the killing1 he replied acts were done in the name of the republic set up by himself The murder climaxed a 3day battle which apparentlyJiad ended when the new attack broke out in SoerabajaChristison charged that many the attack wore Japanese uniforms and there were indications that some if not all of them actually were being led and directedby Japa nese officers and Germans who were former captains and crews They heavily outnumbered the 1600 British troops Christison said and were armed with wea pons secured because of what he described as an unauthorized sur render by a Japanese general Na kamura to Dutch Capt P JQ Huyer in defiance of written British orders Christison said only China Russia Britain and the United States were authorized to receive Japanese surrenders As the of that surrender Christison said were in Soerabaja large quantities of arms ammunition armoredcars aridtanks which the surrendered to Huyer Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy AttejnclaiicS iii Washington Tru man said Wednesday he experts Russia to participate soon in the far eastern advisorycommission meeting here to considerJapanese control policy The president fold a news con ference he also had received a very satisfactory reply from Gen eralissimo Stalin to the letter which Ambassador Hsr riman recently delivered to Stalin at his vacation retreat in the Crimea He did not disclosethetonteTits of the reply Failureof Hussiaso far to send a representative to the far eastern meeting here had constituted a stumbling block in American soviet relations The participating governments metffir thefirst time Tuesday but adjourned immedi ately for a week evidently to give Russia further opportunityto come in on the sessions President Truman said therre V lie haJ received from Stalin reached him last Saturday when he was visiting New York for Navy day He said therewere certain reasons the replycould not be madepublic now Situation Grows Tense as Chinese Communist Occupy 2 Coastal Cities Chungking UR A communist communique nounced Wednesday that com munist troops operating south of the Manchurian border in Chinas Civil war have occupied 2 coastal cities in the area where the U S 7th fleet landeda veteran cen tral government army Monday The communique said commu nists cut the vital den railway in at least 2 places by occupying Shanhaikwan eastern terminus of the great wall 9 miles northeast of Chinwangtao and Peieaiho 8 miles southwest Two thousand U S marines who went ashore at Chinwangtao were reported sandwiched be tween the 2 communist forces Information from both ment and communist sources indii cated 10000000 communist troops and 1000000 men under Gencrai ssimo Chiang KaiShek 3e engaged in the fighting itne otiations for political settlement ails Central Agency feWrted Chinese communist offensive 100000 strong overran 3 big cities n Suiyuan aria was hreatening Kweisui provincial capital The1 Yenan communist radio ment that communists will shoot at government troops if they land in or close to Manchuria fronvJJ S 7th fleet ships A governirient spokesman Wednesdayadmitted the warning j was received in Chungking Richard W Johnston United Press staff correspondent at Chin reported thousands of AMericanequipped central eqv erament f troops had marched from Chinwangtao and massed at Shanhaikwan TnesdayV Th e r elwas no indicationIn Wednesdays communist commu nique TfWhelhcr communist forces Jiad driven out the nationalist roopsor whether the nationalists had It reported the com munists have completed putting up designed to keep gov ernment troops out of Manchuria and that they were preparing for more military strikes south of the The communists wellorganized Cabotage campaign against the railways qf North China was iff tensified communist of fensive against eastern Suiyan gained momentum PERCENTAGE OF INCREASE IS UP TO INDIVIDUAL Advocates Collective Bargaining on Amount for Wage Increase Washington Tru man who Tuesday night advocat ed reasonable wage increases with out major price changes declined Wednesday to suggest a percent age by which he thought wages should be boosted He tola a news conference that the amount of increases would hare to be determined In each in dividual case That is why it has to be done by collective bargaining the presi dent told reporters who questioned him about his radio address Tues day night in which he laid down his postwar wageprice policy It calls for 2 things A Approval of reasonable wage increases lo avoid deflation and unemployment B A holdtheline attitude on prices with increases to be al lowed only where necessary The president told labor it cant have the same takehome pay it got under the war There will have to be a drop he siad and he warned workers against making too great demands upon employ ers But he said industry generally couUl stand some pay Increases out of profits To those employers wanting higher prices before giving work ers more pay for shorter to make up lor loss in wartime Truman said price increases might be entertained in 6 months industries essentialto con versioncould ask price increases a vigorous broadcast appeal for industrial peace and prosper ityMr Truman saidlabor needs higher pay rates with the change over from a 4 to a 40hour work week and industry can afford to go part way inmaking up this loss But he also amended his Ang 18 order relaxing controls on wage increases to add 3 classes of pay boosts for ivhich compensation price increases could be approved by the stabilization administrator These were 1 Cases where the percentage increase in average straighttime hourly earnings since January 1941 did not equal the percentage increase in the exist of livingbe tween January 1941 and Septemi ber1845 Instances where increases were necessary to correct in equities in wage rates anlong plants in the same industry or localitywith due regardto normal competitive relationships 3 SituationsIn which increases were to duction in an industry designated by administrator as essential to reconversion and in whicfcexisting wage ratesare inadequate to attract needed power Government economists saythe number of workers Who would benefitfrom adjustmeijt ofearn ings to livingcosts is rdlfficult to since January by the bureau oflabor statistics at apDroximately 30 per cent in September The average straight time hourly earnings increase it placed at about 40 for that month The 3 classes were not expected to affect the balk of wage earners The president made these other points labor management conr ference conv enihg nextr recommend mediating or arbitrating ences whenever collective barV gaining fails tqwork 2 Recent 3abor difficulties li stand in the way of reconversion and reemployment of veterans and war workers We jnore of thegood sense the reapohable iiessi the consideration the position of the teamwork which we had iurine thewaT 3 Congress has eralizcd sation and full leg islation which Air Trumanrregards as vital 4 To grant industry price relief to match would bring oninflationV While the positionsofdifferent Indus tries vary there is room m the existingprice structure for business asa wholfe to grant in creases wagerates Sir Truman said the over from a 48 to 40hour means aloss of almost M workers weekly pay At   

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