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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 30, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PA PER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LH Associated PTIM United PTK Full ttawd THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 30 1945 Paper CoiuHt ol Two StcUonsSectto On 19 OKS VENEZUELA GOVERNMENT Power Atomic Meeting GREAT BRITAIN CANADA US IN MEETINGNOVil Announcement Makes No Mention of Russia Attending Conference Washington W Threepower discussions over the future of atomic energy will begin here about Nov 11 between President Truman Prime Minister Attlee of Britain and Canadas Mackenzie King The announcement of the forth coming talks released in Pash Ington and London simultaneously Tuesday made no mention of Kus sian participation The conference fa ha line with President Trumans previous statements that the 3 povver parley would come ahead of any meeting with other allies on atomic energry Canada Great Britain and the United States share the secret of the development of the atomic bomb but United States plants alone have produced it Prime Minister Attlee will visit the president in Washington early next month to discuss with Him and Prime Minister Mackenzie King of Canada problems to which the disco very of atomic energy has given rise the white house said prime minister is expected to arrive in Washington so that the discussions can begin about Nov 11 Attlee the United States last April as a member of theBrit ish delegation to the united nations postwar security conference at San r v sp gbt together Vitrthe mPotsiJam President Trumah recently told congress he would soon initiate discussions looking to the renunci ation of the atomic bomb At the same time he called upon congress to create a commission to control the domestic use and development of atomic energy Eben Ayers assistant press sec retary who released the white house announcement was asked at a news conference later wheth er Generalissimo Stalin of Kus sla was invited io the confer ence Ayers said he had no knowl edge of such an invitation The house military committee meanwhile pushed along Presi dent Trumans proposals for atomic controls by ap proving legislation creating a 9 man commission to supervise do mestic development of the new power The legislation written by an interim committee of scientists and government leaders would permit scientists to experiment freely In the field of atomic en ergy provided their operations are not on a scale which would constitute a national hazard The bill may reach the house floor next week HUNTER HURT IN I GUN DISCHARGE 1 Clanon Man Suffers Injuries in Accident Bierl 42 own er and manager of the Clarion Gamble store was in serious con dition in a local hospital Tues iiday from 5gunshot wounds re ceived ina hunting accident near fHampton Bierl was riding in the rear seat of a car in which were his sons Don 15 and Vernus 13 and his brotherinlaw E F Dray A 22 automatic rifle was handed to Bierl who attempted to set it on the floor when it be came caught and discharged Three bullets entered his right side one passed through his right shoulder one lodged in the low er right lung and one in the shoulder bone Reports from Clarion stated that the stock of the gun was dismantled but the mechanism is such that it discharged any way Neither Bierl nor Dray thought there were any bullets in the gun Bierls condition was described as serious Monday when 2 trans fusions were given Promote Iowa Offictr DCS Moines Craig Mil ler Newton Iowa officer in charge of the navy information of iice here for Iowa and Nebraska has been promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander CHINESE UNDECLAREDWAR RAGESIn troubled Oiuna central government troops were reported moving northward out of Peiping to defensive positions along T Communist troops cut the Peiping Hankow railway north of Tzehsien seized the stra tegic city of Changtze and cut Nanklnglfentsm rartway north of Pukow Government troops were pouring into Wuhu Shading outlines the 11 Chinese wherefighting was reported in progress AP I V T f Jjp sp Sj S 8 ent river thousands of addi ear DaUy said Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks gov by communist troops from the Japanese Under heavy attack the news paper said the communists were forced to withdraw from Fengchiir Yentsin Yuanwu Wuchih Hachia artillery forces formerly assigned to the Chungking area were be ing in American Suiyuah another of the 11 provinces in north east south and central China em broiled in the nationalistcommu nist civil war Suiyuan lies in Inner Mongolia and is largely under communist control Richard Vf Johnston United Press staff correspondent with the tT S navy off the north China coast reported that thousands of wellarmed and wellequipped Chinese nationalist troops de barked from American transports at dawn at Chinwangtao 170 miles north of Tientsin The troops formed ranks in the town square under Chinese Lieutenant General Shih and marched quickly inland Behind them rumbled tanks vehicles and guns alsolanded from American ships Chinese communist forces some of whose commanders have vowed to fight to the death against any nationalist penetration of Manchuria were reported with drawing to defense positions along the Great Wall of China on the Kanchurian border only 16 miles north of Chinwangtao The 2 armies apparently al ready were within gunshot of one another but there was no indi cation whether the nationalists intend to push across the border immediately American marines for some fame have been stationed in Chinwangtao which until Tues day had been virtually an island in the midst of communistheld territory Nationalists askedthe marines to provide and man a truck spear head into the communistheld countryside but their command er Lt CoL John J Gormley re fused because of the possibility that Americans might become in volved in fighting between the 2 Chinese factions New Brazilian President Puts Vargas Under Guard Buy your Victory Bonds and Sumps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Vote Hospital Bond OHumwa bond ssue was authorized by Wapello county voters Monday by a rnar HINT TRUMANS PROPOSAL FOR RAISE IN WAGE Sources Say Plan to Ask 48 Hour Pay for 40 Hours Work Washington persons said President Truman will propose Tuesday night that industry pay 48 hours wages for 40 hours work without raisin prices They said he will make this re quest in a broadcast at 9 p m CST as a compromise with de mands by unions that employes be paid for 52 hours while work ing 40 The compromise if accepted by industry and labor would give workers a 20 pelcent increase in pay compared with the 30 per cent the unions ask Exceptions to holding the line on prices would be made in cases which would work a hardship on the employer persons informed of the plan said Price rise requests would be handled through the office of price administration and the office of economic stabilization If the subject conies before the labor management conference opening next Monday some en forcement machinery conceivably could be adopted But industry agreement might be difficult to obtain The president will discuss wages and prices with as many of the 18 cohferehce Tuesday he invited AFT Secre taryTreasurer GeorgeMeany to discuss the issues with him along with James M Duffy of East Liv erpool Ohio president of the AFL potters ah alternate delegate Teamster President Daniel J To bm a power in the AFL expects to see the president next Sunday CIO delegates are expected to confer with Mr Truman on Fri day John L Lewis president of the United Mine Workers is be lieved to have been invited Thurs day although there has been no announcement Both labor and management spokesmen have contended that lack of a government policy has blocked collective bargaining CIO negotiated since VJ day f GetuUo Vargas who resigned as president to an army ultimatum was un f 7 Guanabara palace Tuesday while the new president Jose Linhares deliberated on what to do with him The swift and apparently bloodless coup ended a 15 for the short and swarthy Vargas Linhares was inducted into the office in keeping with the 1937 con stituHon which provides that the chief justice of the supreme court succeeds any president who dies or is removed It was the 3rd governmental upheaval in South In Argentina on the southern border of Brazil Vice President Juan Peron was deposed but he reemerged with greater power than before Linhares 59 is charged with heading the government of the largest republic in South Amer ica until the Dec 2 elections which Vargas proclaimed last March Vargas was not a candi date Although the army appeared to be in complete charge of the sit uation Goes Monteiro said there had been no military coup as such He said the army would guaran tee the holding of the elections which he said the Vargas govern ment no longer was capable of realizing The news came with shocking suddenness to the people in the wake of a swift succession of events which began with the ap pointment of Vargas brother Benjamin as chief of the federal police He was regarded as a leader of a movement to keep Vargas in power despite the forth coming elections Goes Monteiro an advocate of state congressional and presiden tial elections resigned as war minister but reconsidered at the reqriest of the army and called for Joao Uns De Barros to resume his office as chief of the federal police An ultimatum was served upon Getulio Vargas to resign Tanks were assembled in the streets about the presidential pal ace The presidents wife and another brother Viriato Vargas left the grounds in a presidential car Troops already had occupied key points in the city as a pre cautionary measure The cabinet was assembled at the presidential palace when first word came late Monday night that Vargas had resigned Con firmation came shortly after mid night Announcement of Vargas deci sion came in a war department communique by Goes Monteiro which said the president would step down to avoid greater un rest and that Linhares would take the reins A similar an nouncement was made by De Bar Vargas has governed Brazilian affairs for 15 years He seized the power in the 1930 revolution in which the leaders included both Goes Monteiro and De Barros He governed without a congress until 1934 when he became president and promulgated a new constitu tion Linhares on the other hand Is uttle known and not identified with any particular political group His assumption of the presidential power probably would be a stopgap measure under the terms of the 1937 constitution which decrees that the head of the supreme court take over in the event of the presidents removal BRIG GEN HANFORD MacNIDER at His Desk m Mason City MacNider Lauds Fighting Men Performed Miracles in Jap War boys Returned General BrigGen Hartford MacNider came back Monday night trota another World with him new laurels as man in the Pacific to be added to those he won in World War I while fighting in France 27 years ago He commanded American forces fighting Japs allthe way from Australia to Tokyo He received the oak leaf to a 2nd of the distinguished service cross for extraordinary heroism in New Guinea when he commanded American troops in forward areas of Buna until wounded He was later awarded the Legion of Merit by Gen Douglas MacArthur for exceptionally meritorious con duct and performance of outstand ing services in New Guinea But it Isnt generalswho win wars Gen MacNider said as he arrived at his Indianhead home for the first time in 4 years look ing fit and alert after his army experience The war in the Pacific he con tinued was won by a bunch of youngsters who endured unbe lievable hardships of heat dis ease mud and crawling things while living and fighting in the jungle We werent only fighting Japs he declnred We had to fight im mense distances terrific difficul ties of supply and transportation We had to fight for health under almost unimagineably vicious conditions to keep alive until could meet the No one will ever know what these youngsters went through No soldiers in the history of the world ever were up against as mean a least for solong a time Millions of our lads en dured this for 3 or 4 years with out abreak and with nothing to look forward to except another day of fighting heat jungle in sects disease And what was heartbreaking was that there was so little you could do for you cotjld do was to ask them to give more and more of the same And the Lord knows they delivered THERE NEVER HAS BEEN AND NEVER WILL BE A FINER FIGHTING MAN THAN THE AV ERAGE AMERICAN YOUNG STER KE IS BEYOND DESCRIP TION AND EVERY AMERICAN CAN STICK OUT HIS CHEST WITH PRIDE OVER THE WAY THEY TOOK IT AND EVEN MORE OVER THE WAY THEY HANDED IT OUT THEY WERE MAGNIFICENT AND THAT GOES FOR EVERY ONE OF THEM Every section of the armed forces did its part effectively Miracles were performed in hack ing out roads bases and airfields These airfields and big supply in stallations which it took millions of heartbreaking man hours to build were of course abandoned as the troops moved forward and reverted to impenetrable jungle again in a few weeks American performance in the jungle caused this story to cir culate interrogated about the merits of the various troops as jungle fight ers This was his answer Jap boy very good jungle fighter Aussie man very good jungle fighter too But American he no jangle fighter He move jungle then he fight There isnt any question but what Japan was defeated indus trially economically and every other way 6 months before VJ day according to Gen MacNider It was the oriental mania for sav ing face that kept her from sur rendering until something pro vided a legitimate reason The atomic bombprovided the needed excuse But Japan In spite of the fact she was practically exhausted could have made it hard for us on our proposed invasion which was to have taken place Nov 1 said Gen MacNider That would have been a bloody affair The Jap coastline has few beaches The core of the islands consists of high mountains The atomic bomb saved hun dreds of thousands of lives I had occasion to fly over both Naga saki and Hiroshima Both cities were as flat as this floor except for occasional concrete construc tion The Mason City an who spent several weeks In Japan visited northern Honshu island on the emperors special train with Lt GenEichelberyer Practically all Japanese cities he said were de stroyed All industrial centers of Japans complete defeat even before the atomic bomb Japan he said faces an un happy winter They have used up all their materials all their food They just dont have the re sources for the coming winter Gen MacArthur has done a masterful job No other man could have handled the situation so well The military forces of the Japanese have been entirely dis banded Munitions have been de stroyed and what is left of the navy is in allied hands IT S troops are in every section of the island Gen MacArthur has revealed himself the same genius in taking a nation apart and putting the pieces together again into a work able whole as he showed in mounting the long ladder of the far east from Australia to Tokyo said the Mason Cityan who served on Gen MacArthurs staff during part of the war The early months of the war of course were most AT were most A Japanese prisoner was being until we could set the troops and supplies Gen MacNider pointed put Gee SiacNTderTwtip is leave to be discharged soon made a hurried trip to the United States in the spring of 1944 for an operation on his eye in which a sliver of steel was lodged when he was wounded while commanding a task force In New Guinea The last year of the war Gen MacNider commanded the fam ous Bushmasters 158th regi mental combat the strength of which ranged from5000 to 30000 men depending upon the particular task The Bushmasters was com posed of 43 outfits covering al most the entire gamut of modern warfare including infantry ar tillery engineers tanks antiair craft chemical mortars tractor and truck amphibious units boat and shore companies evacuation and portable surgical hospitals and all the accompanying service units necessary to keep it in action as an independent force fighting on its own Last January this fighting or ganization stormed ashore on LIngayen giilf on the western shore of central Luzon and took part in subjugation of the Japs in the Philippine Islands Gen MaeNider arrived in Mason City by automobile with Mrs Mac Nider and their son Jack who fought with the marines on Iwo Jima and who returned from Ja pan with his father Jack will report to Great Lakes 111 fol lowing his leave He and his father traveled by air from Japan to San Francisco At Tucson Ariz theymet Angus MacNider another son and Mrs MacNider who had driven there irbm Mason City Tuesday Gen MacNider was meeting friends and business as sociates in his office with the Northwestern States Portland Ce ment company of which he i president PUTSAPPROVAL ONBETANCOURT AS NEW LEADER 7 South American Governments Also Recognize Role Washington If The United Jtates Tuesday recognized revolutionary government of Ven ezuela after consultations with other American governments The state department issued his statement The secretary of state James Byrnes announced Tuesday aft ernoon that the government of he United States has extended nil recognition to the govern mcnt of Venezuela which is now organized under Senor Romnlo Betahcourt The American ambassador in Jaracas is informing the new minister for foreign affairs of Venezuela of this action Before making its decision to recognize the new government of Venezuela the government of the United States of America has ex jhanged views and consulted viththe governments of the other American republics Ambassador Frank P Corrigan the American representative at Caracas has kept this government fully informed of the Venezuela situation The revolution which occurred only 10 days ago overthrew General Isaias Medina Angarita president of Venezuela Betancourt is one of a group of young army officers who claim the revolution was to insure more democratic political practices in Venezuela They contended that Medina had not given the people proper political expression and that Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Eartly cloudy and mild Tuesday night and Wednes day Iowa Partly cloudy with mild temperatures Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday cloudy Tucs day night and Wednesday Cold er north and west portion Tues day night Little change in tern perature Wednesday Diminish ing winds Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at I oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 57 Minimum 34 At 8 a m Tuesday 41 YEAR AGO Maximum 65 yenezuebm government was jn effect in the a petuating clique from the moUh tain country of Venezuela The United States is interested in Venezuelan oil Officials here who believe the Betancourt regime is more demo cratic than the old Medina admin istration contend there will be no serious problems between the United States and Venezuela over oil production or the ownership of Venezuelan oil properties The state department said the U S is the 8th nation to recog nize the new Venezuelan gov ernment Guatemala Paraguay Cuba Uruguay Ecuador Bolivia and Mexico are the others Rationing on Shoes to End at Midnight Washington ration ing will end at midnight Tuesday night the office of price adminis tration announced The end of rationine will be effective at midnight local time in each of the 4 time zones In the country Casual shoes house slippers and moccasins will be released from rationing along with all reg ular types of shoes House Passes Tax Cut Bill Senate Next Washington house Tuesday gave its final blessing to the plan to reduce individual and business tax burdens by 000000 in 1946 The action came in approval by a roll call vote of the redaction measure worked out by house and senate conferees after the 2 cham bers had put through differing taxslashing bills The conference measure now goes to the senate for approval there The senate will vote on the bill Thursday and the measure should in President Trumans hands before the end of the wek The house vote was 297 to 33 Highway Is Blocked in iArmy Airplane Crackup Spirit Lake 71 was partially blocked Monday when an army plane overshot the short Spirit Lake airport runway crashed through a fence and onto the road None of the occupants of the ship en route from St Joseph Mo to Fargo N Dak on a bond sales tour was reported hurt The captain iri charge of the plane who declined to identify either himseU or his passengers said theplanes brakes failed to stop it on the runway o   

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