Mason City Globe Gazette, September 27, 1945

Mason City Globe Gazette

September 27, 1945

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Issue date: Thursday, September 27, 1945

Pages available: 24 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions

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Publication name: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

Pages available: 311,935

Years available: 1901 - 1994

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY ANS ARCHIVE OtS UOINE3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pros and United Press rull leased Wires CFiva Cents a Copyi MASOV CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 271945 TMi Paper Consists o Two SectionsSection O NO INACTIVATE STILWELLS 10TH ARMY Government Seeks to Avert Strike on Oil industry By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The government sought Thursday to avert a nationwide strike of oil workers which would push the nations total of workers idle over labor disputes well past the 2000000 mark Edgar L Warren new chief of the U S conciliation service in vited the deadlocked delegates attending the oil strike conference in Chicago to adjourn immediately to Washington at the request he said Labor Secretary Schwellenbach Warren said It was felt more progress toward a settlement could be made in Washington The overall labor picture was the worst in months The strike list below the 100000 mark most of the year preceding VJ day bulged as hundreds of thousands of workers were forced off their Jobs by disputes some of them fresh outbreaks A quick survey along the troubled labor front showed More than 1850000 workers off their jpbs some 370000 idle by strikes the others hit indirectly by the stoppages An apparent deadlock appeared in the Chicago conference oil industry and CIO union leaders with federal conciliators amidst threats of a nationwide strike of oil workers whichwould add Truman Hits Senators for Refusing Bill Washington Presides Truman told house ways and means committee democrats Thursday that the senate had le him down on jobless pay lib eralization and that he did no expect the house to do so With congressional tempers ris ing the senate plunged on Thurs dayin its bitter debate over fu ture depressions and what thi government can do to stop them It is one of the loudest senate quarrels in years In congress also Two important consressmen came out against merging the wa and navy departments They ar Rep Andrew May chair man at the house military com mittee and Rep Carl Vinson D chairman of the house nava committee Senator Edwin C Johnson D a frequent critic of th army made a surprising predic loVrant Vote No 000 more to the strike lines Some 35000 workersare on strike in 7 states demanding a 30 per cent wage increase For the day New York City struggled in the grip of a single strike which paralyzed business and Industrial activity at an es timated loss of millions ofdol lars in trade and wages and in convenienced hundreds of thou sands The strike by about 15000 AFL elevator operators and build ing service employes threatened to spread Across the country in the Pa cific northwest where more than 60000 AFL lumber workers are striking a CIO union continued policy meetings but did not is sue a strike call to its 40000 workers Additional coal miners left their jobs in West Virginiaand Penn sylvania bringing the total min ers idle in the2 states to more than 35000 The strikeidle in Pennsylvania alone mounted to around 75000 including 33500 at 4 Westinghouse Electric company plants Fiftyeight bituminous pits were closed Elsewhere across the country in metropolitan areas and in small er communities labor issues held the attentjori of union and man agement pUrpedfarmonths by stMkes and shutdowns TaKa cnrieriUs havingscinY 9ttWO Mile Automobile Workers representatives and Chrysler cor poration spokesmen made no com ment as they recessed their con ference on the onions demand for a 30 per cent wage increase for the companys 80000 workers One dispute in Detroit ended 3100 Murray corporation workers going back to work after being idle for more than 2 weeks The majority of the idle in the De troit area were from automotive plants CIOT7AW officials re newed efforts to end the 35 day strike at the KelseyHayes Wheel company a walkout which forced the shutdown of the Ford Motor company plants idling more than 50000 republican senators Joined wit r senate rejected a proposed a month pay increase for members of the armed services George n low N Y ELEVATOR STRIKE MAROONS High in their 85th floor offices 2 NBC radio engineers pre pare to wait out the current strike of elevator operators which has disorganized normal business in many of New Yorks towering skyscrapers With provisions for 4 days and folding cots the engineers are shown supervising net work programs ARGENTINA IS IN STATE OF SIEGE Opposition Leaders Are Placed in Jails puenosAlres swal iecoverAshes of Flyers in oolittle Raid Shanghai Three small laiu wooden boxes containing the remated remains of 3 DooUttle yeis who were execuU d by the of cipposltion to Argentinas Thili the majority Wednesday as the itaryj government Thursday while YANK KILLED ININDOCHINA Saigon IndoChina ing Annamites killed 1 American officer seriously wounded anoth er and besieged VS headquarters for an hour Wednesday in the first incidents involving U S forces in IndoChina Col Teter Dewey Washington C was killed by machine gon fire while attempting to pass An namite territory during a short drive from Ohi the local air field to his headquarters In another incident Wednesday morning Capt Tom Coolidge Boston Mass was wounded se riously Coolidgewho had heard that British officers had surren dered to the Annamites is expected to recover He was rescued along with a number of other persons by Japanese troops Following the killing of Dewey the Annamites attacked the house which the colonel had been using as headquarters In the bUter fighting that followed the Anna mites injured several more per sons SOVIET LEADER TO VISIT US Washington The white house announced Thursday that President Truman had invited MarshalGeorgi Zhukov of soviet Russia to the United States and that Zhukov has accepted and will arrive Oct 4 The white house said Zhukov who represents Russia on the al lied council governing Germany will arrive by air in New York City Oct 4 Arrangements for his visit are being handled by the war depart ment He will call on the president while here but the date has not yet been fixed No other details were announced tion that the army and navy soon will get more volunteers than they can use They can use a lot Earl Browder appeared again Thursday before the house com mittee on unAmerican activities Members planned to ask him why he was kickedout as general sec retary of the communist party and replaced by William Z Foster A senate committee tried to speed up its stormy hearings on raising the minimum wage from 40 to cents an hour Senator Ellender DLa so far has led the fight against the bill President Truman called in democrat members of the house ways and means committee The topic unemployment pay This committee pigeonholed the senateapproved bill for more help to jobless people Mr Tru man wants it revived But the betting is that the bill wont be considered again until the com mittee gets through writing a bill to cut taxes The situation on armynavy volunteers is this Wednesday the senate passed a bill making military service more attractive with more liberal leaves bonuses and the like Es pecially for men now in uniform who reenlist The house had al ready passed it The senate before acting de feated a proposal for a month pay raise to all soldiers and sailors Senator Johnson of Colorado thinks its a good bill and wil bringinso many volunteers ttia the draft can be stopped Con gress will wait and see Killing Frost Is Forecast Des Moines weather bureau forecast Thursday a kill ing frost in Iowa Friday night and Saturday morning that looms a definitely a threat to the state crop thathasnt matured The bureau issued the follow ing special warning as of a m Thursday Near freezing in northwes Iowa Thursday night Killing frost Saturday morning with tempera lures 26 to 30 in north and wes and 2832 in south and east Fros recurring in much of central am east Sunday morning Kes from Accident Sigonvney autotrucfc collision on highway 92 7 mile west of here proved fata Wednesday to Mrs Ed Howard What Cheer Iowa Mrs Howarc was riding with her husband wh suffered a broken ankle rgentines fromthe Atlantic to Andes waited to see what urther steps would be taken to arry out a state of siege imposed Wednesday Squads of federal police with ong lists of wanted persons sys ematically capital of 500000 as the dragnet tightened ere and elsewhere over the ountry The decree which deprives Ar entines of their civil rights came unexpectedly as the climax to a eriod of mounting opposition to he military regime of President fen Edelmiro Farrell and Col uan Peron vicepresident and trong man of Argentina It fol owed by 24 hours the suppres ion of an uprising by the military garrison at Cordoba Similar action suspending con titutional guarantees offreedom if speech press and assembly was aken in 1941 but the siege was if led last July when FarreU iromlsed to call a general election before the end of the year Farrell told the nation Wednes day night that reimposition of the decree should be regarded as a ransitory measure brought abotii by an unrestrained campaign oi disorder and commotion which lad excited the nation He said in a radio address that the state of siege would be lifted when the directive groups of the nation have shown they know how to make full use of liberty and re iterated that the elections woult be held as promised It is now up to Minister of the Interior Hortensio Quijano to g instructions for implementation of the decree which will in turn reveal how severely the govern ment intends to invoke its emer gency powers Weather Report FORECAST Mason cloudy Thurs day night followed by clearin Friday Much cooler Thursda and Friday with killing fros Friday night Iowa Occasional light rain north west and occasional showe and scattered thunderstorm south and east portions Thurs day Warmer south central an extreme east and cooler ex trcme northwest Cloudy an colder with intermittent rain Thursday night and in sout and east portions Friday fore neon Killing frost Friday nigh IN AJASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 59 Minimum Wednesday 52 At 8 a m Thursday 54 Precipitation 75 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 51 LOWER GRADES OF MEATS OFF RATION LISTS No Points Required for Cheaper Cuts Starting on Sunday Washington n ethird of the increasing meat supply will be rationfree beginning Sunday The OPA formally announced Thursday that from Sunday through October 27 nopoints will be required for lower grades of beef veal and lamb Also rationfree will be ham burger lamb and veal patties and all cheaper cuts of all grades of meat These include such cuts as short ribs and brisket of beef breast and flank of la hib and shank of Veal Points are being eliminated too pri all canned meats sausage frankfurters luncheon varieties and all other products made from lower grades of meat These grades are utility canner and cut ter beef and utility and cull veal and lamb This will leave on the ration list at current point values all pork cuts bacon and other cured meats the choice cuts of beef veal and lamb of top as steaks roasts and but ter margarine and other fats and oils ielfina Shanghaifuneraipari r Thursday as eye witnesses ild how the men were shot hrough the head Oct 15 1942 they knelt bound to crosses The ashes of the airmen who ere executed on direct orders rom Tokyo were pointed out to apt J S Bailey of San Fran isco war crimes commission in estigafor by Japanese attaches f the Kiangwan military prison car herewhere the victims were eld before their coldblooded hooting in an old Chinese ceme ery Names of the Americans had een deliberately falsified as veil as the date of their deaths ut the Japanese produced an of icial list verifying that the fictiti us names of the boxes corre ponded to those of the executed en The ages tallied The ashes were delivered at the nternational funeral directors civilian mortuary on Nov 14 942 30 days after the executions No attempt had been made to eliver them to the International led Cross Thursday they were urned over to an raves officer for shipment to the UnitedStates It was learned that the ashes of 4th Doolittle flyer Lt R J Weder who died of malnutrition dysentery and beriberi had been ound in Nanking and were being sent here Points on canned fish are being trimmed 2 to 3 points a pound OPA said it was in agreement with the agriculture department that ration of pork and the 3 top grades of beef veal and lamb AA A and B must be continued Without rationing most con sumersin areas that do not pro duce these meats would find it difficult if not impossible to get their fair share OPA said ut there was thin good news on of meats Tgricuiture department estimated that the average annual civilian rate in October will befrom 147 to 150 poundsper capita A few months ago the yearly rate was about 115 pounds However to nieet full demand the rate would have to beclose to 165 pounds it was stated OPA Administrator Chester Bowles said the seasonal increase in marketingof rangefed is the principal reason onethird of the meat supply can be made rationfree These cattle produce the lower grades of beef According to the agriculture de partment civilians during Octo ber will have total of 1502700 000 pounds of meat as compared with 1352000000 pounds this month This is an increase of 1115 per cent The usual monthly allotment of 50 red points will become valid next Monday The new stamps in ration book 4 are Rl SI Ti Ul and VI Stamps V2 W2 X2 Y2 and 22 expire Sunday EMPEROR HIROHITO His Boss arrier boy MASON GITYAN ARRIVES IN U S LeRoy B Osgood 839 10th N E was due to have ar rived in Boston Wednesday onthe Buy your Victory Bonds and Dominican Victory according to tamps from y9urGIobeGazette an AP dispatch received here Thursday PRISONERS ASHES ON WAY boxes con taining the ashes of 146 prisoners of war who died in Japa nese prison camps are shown above awaiting transportation to their home countries from Chitose airfield on Hokkaido island in northern Japan Hirohito Calls on Overlord MacArthur Tokyo Emperor Hirohito called on General MacArthur removed his top hat and bowed to the supreme allied commander What they discussed In 35minute talk was notrdisclpjsd Importanttninfrsiid one high officerwastberemperor did the call ing Nothing like that has happened before in Japans The British Broadcasting corporation in a broadcast recorded in New York by NBC quoted its Tokyo Correspondent Douglas Willis as saying Thursday that it is strongly believed that Emperor Hiro hito expressed his will to abdicate and that the redrafting of the Japanese constitution to abdication already is taking place There was no conjirma tion The Japanese central liaison of fice to which all inquiries were referred told The Associated Press Thursday that allied head quarters and the Japanese gov ernment reached an agreement not to disclose the topics dis cussed The Japanese spokesman said that he personally knew what the conversation included but that he could not reveal it without MacArthurs permission While the general and the em peror sat by a glowing fire and talked Domei agency reported that 4 elements of the 6th armys 33rd division had arrived in the Kobe area on western Honshu to swell occupation troops there to 4500 Because of the length of the talk it was assumed they dis cussed generally mutual prob lems connected with American oc cupation of what remains of Hiro hitos once great empire Among possible subjects for discussion was tnat of abdication which still is rumored but without any confirmation whatsoever Marquis Koichi Kido keeper of the privy seal who h the emperors principal adviser in these matters told the Associatec Press there is no prospect at pres ent of abdication because Hiro hito personally must carry out the Potsdam terms Hirohito and his Japanese in terpreter were closeted in the state reception room in the resi dence of the which Mac Arthur and his family have taken over The emperors somewhat old dark automobile drove up to thi main entrance carrying the im perial emblem on the front The back curtain was drawn Hirohitc was sitting bolt upright in the seat His grand chamberlain Ad miral Fujita who previously me aiacArthur to arrange the meet ing nas sitting facing the em peror An attendant jumped out of th car opened the door and bowec The chamberlain backed out n the car keeping his face to th emperor and bowed as Hirohil got out The emperor found Brig Gen Bonner Fellers MacArthurs aide and Maj Saubion Bower an in terpreter them Hirohitc in formal diplomatic clothes too off his silk hat bowed and shoo hands with Fellers probably a unprecedented thing Still more unprecedented how ever the emperor again extende his hand as Fellers introduced him to Bower Fellers ushered the empero ahead of him to state recej lion room where as he entere 13000 TROOPS BEING SENT TO UNITED STATES Regular Army Low Point Men of 10th Being Reassigned Tokyo U S 10th army in the Ryukyus is inactivat ed and more thjn 13000 high point troops in the Japanese the ater are being sent home begin ning next week it was announced Thursday Japans ancient capital Kyoto was taken over by troops of the U S 6th army as the occupation of the Japanese homeland swung for ward Japanese army units throughout the country were reported bum ing their regimental colors as Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs redeploy ment and occupation program went on Seventyseventh infantry divi sion veterans Okinawa were due to land at Aomori in northern Honshu The division will move to Otaru on Hokkaido the northern most island of Japan next week Gen Joseph W Stilwell and Maj Gen Frank W Merrill df the famous Merrills Marauders ar rived in Tokyo to pay their re spects to MacArthur They will return to the United States soon Their future assignments were not revealed Supreme headquarters an nouncing the inactivation of S til weirs 10th army said the com mand it held in the Ryukyus will be turned over to army farces of the western Pacific Regular army men and lowpoint troops of the 10th army will be assigned to un specified duties in the Pacific while the highpointers will re e door Hirohito bowed in Mac jrthurs direction Hirohito found his host wear g army khaki and an open roatcd shirt The supreme al ed commander wore no tie and medals The call was informal A pokesman acknowledged that the was fraught with sig ificance butemphasized it was rranged at the request of the em erqrs representative presum Dly at a recent visit of Fujita The 2 shook hands and Mac Vrthur greeted him with good lorning They posed briefly for picture then moved to a settee here they began totalk There was a quiet dignity about e preliminaries as though Mac Arthur were trying to make the isit as painless as possible for ie emperor who for the first time in the history of the Japa ese empire was calling upon a epresentative of a foreign coun ry One officer who saw the emper r close said he appeared to be an intelligent person There was none of the fanfare ir excitement one would expect t such an historic event Sgt James C Picket Dallas ex sergeant of the guards said orders were effective at all times not to allow loiteringin he vicinity of the embassy gates however correspondents and numbering more ban 50 were allowed to remain The sergeant said he had re ceived no special orders Thursday morning except we were told to be on the ball and to be sharp at all times A handful of Japanese men and women from nearby residences came out on the street tentative y but never moved in close enough for a view As the cars passed through the gate 2 sentries from the first cav alry Elmer F Ell St Charles Mo and Elmer F Cermack Sturgeon Bay briskly presented arms The emperor tipped his hat to a couple of soldiers with green helmets and bayonets The emperor brought his own interpreter Japanese police lined the emperors route to the em bassy A spokesman said Ameri can police took no special pre cautionary measures The first and last cars in the mikados con voy contained Imperial guards whom MacArthur has permitted to continue In service The whole show was over so quickly that correspondents got only a brief glimpse of the little ruler who once enjoyed probably more power than any other poten tate on the globe but who now isreduced to a figurehead car rying out strict orders of the stemfaced MacArthur turn to the United States Headquarters also announced that thfM3rd division part pi the 6 tlijarxny ifrthe Tokyo lielng reformed with highpoint men of other organizations for shipment home The homebound troops will be gin next week to board ships which have just arrived with part of the 97th division thetfirst com bat unit toreach Japan from the European theater Those returning include 442 of ficers and 3265 men of the 43rd division Being transferred from other units are 20 officers and 556 men of the 112th regimental com bat team 130 officers and 2280 men of the Americal division 206 officers and 4J450 men of the first cavalry division and 4 officers and 3400 menof the Ilth corps Sixth army troops took over Kyoto from an advance party of 25 public relations officers other military personnel and corre spondents They found Kyoto a deserted city Shops were boarded up Jap anese leaders saidthey were sus pending business for a couple of days to avoid any possible con fusion The Broadcasting Corporation of Japan announced a series of uncensored broadcasts by side walk reporters The Japanese radio never has broadcast any thing without government super vision and control The patriotic labor service the only labor movement tolerated during the war was dissolved and long inactive trade unions were expected to be revived Leaders of the former Tokyo Transport Workers union dis solved before Pearl Harbor indi cated they new union planned to form a Assessors and County Auditors to Attend State Tax Commission School Des Molnes ly 350 assessors and county au ditors are expected to attend the state tax commissions school of instruction and convention of tha Iowa State Association of Assess ors here Oct 18 and 19 John W Barnes director of the state prop erty tax division said Thursday Gov Robert D Blue will de liver the opening address at the school of instruction Oct 18 Among the other speakers will be Don Hines city solicitor at Cedar Rapids and Fred I Northey city assessor at Waterloo who will di rect a city and town assessors session that evening B Newell Sioux City assess or and association president will preside at the meeting of assess ors Oct 19 Speakers will include State Auditor Chet B Akers Joe Ixmg executive secretary of the Iowa Taxpayers association and J F Scolaro Cedar Rapids assess or who will deliver the report of the executive secretary and trea surer New officers will be elected A ;