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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 24, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of H I STCH T AUQ CCS ttOiNCS I A COMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES Ait NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLIJ Asodated Pro and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 31 1945 rafa Two On NO HIROHITO MAY VISIT MACARTHUR One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO filiKn City Sady Q p m WO1 Amci TaMly p m WSUI low City Wednesday n m WTA0 qlncy Hi FrliUj p m KSCJ Sioux City Silordy p m Lets Take a Look at Latin America IN their attitude toward Latin America our people divide roughly into 2 classes 1 those who think our countrys future rests largely inthat direction and 2 those who think were wasting time effort and means in our con cern over the land south of the Rio Grande In other words were inclined to see in whites and blacks where as the true picture if I mistake not is neither white nor black but an inbetween gray What we need to do Is take oft our rose colored glasses and our dark lenses and look at things the way they are Thats what Im going to try to do in this commentary Most of the observations I shall make will be drawn from a Smonths factfinding mission I was priv ileged to make just before our eritry into the war under the au spices of the Carnegie endowment During this time I was free to go where I wanted see whom J wanted more import report conditions as I found them It wasnt a goodwill venture in any sense of the word Both purpose and methods were different ONE of my prime interests was to find an answer to the ques tion What do these folks down here in South America think of UncleSam And my conclusion after visiting all the major coun tries except Venezuelawas this Sovfar as the con cerned the old man with the was ace high Tliat was evea true in Argentina though in lesser degree than elsewhere President Roosevelts personal popularitywas such that he could have been elected president of every country I even including Argentina But what thepeople of Latin America think and what their governments think and do are 2 wholly different matters And that brings me to the first major item in our appraisal of Latin America the nature of its gov ernmental systems AND for my introduction to this phase of the discussion Ill venture the rather sweeping state ment that there isnt inall of South America today a single gov crnmcnt that can be properly re ferred to as a democracy There never has been a democracy More than that there never will be a true democracy in South America so long as only one out of 5 can read and write South American nations are republics but not democracies The word democracy connotes rule by the people and you caat have a rule by the people when a majority of the people cant read or write Well if theyre democracies what are they Lets take a look THE rule almost without excep tion in South America is that he who controls the army runs the government Some of the time some of the countries go through the motions of holding an elec tion But behind the elections al most always is the element of military might Now were ready to look at a couple of the South American countries specifically Impicking out Brazil and Argentina first because they are the largest and most important countries and 2nd because I spent more time in those 2 countries than in the others IN the war just ended Brazil identified herself as a friend of the United States and a foe ol Hitler and Hirohito while Argen tina is generally credited with having played ball with the axis Thats the general situation bul it isnt the whole story The trith is that the YsJgas re gime Sn Brazil has been and Is as i much a dictatorship as the colo nels government in Argentina In this respect there is no essen tial difference in the totalitarian character of the Vargas govern ment and the axis dictatorships As a matter of fact the parallel between Vargas and up to the time Mussolini began taking his Italians to the war is nothing short of amazing Both came into power by the nsc of the sword Both on achiev ing power proceeded to wipe onl the last vestages of democratic government At the time I was in Rio De Janeiro the large building V once occupied by the nations low Continued on Face 2 BLUE ASSERTS FURTHER PROBE IN PENAL SETUP Governor Says State Penal Institutions to Be Investigated Des Moines Robert D Blue said Monday a continuing investigation of conditions at the Eldora state training school for boys as well as the states entire system of penaland corrective in stitutions was being made and that its findings would be pre sented to the Hardin county grand jury for any further action it might wish to take It is apparent that there are weaknesses in our law providing a system for the operation and management of the 15 state insti tutions which should be cor rected the governor said in a statement issued to newsmen The governor in his news con ference declined to comment on Saturdays recommendation of the grand jury that D R McCreery and P F Hopkins resign from the state board of control which has jurisdiction over the Eldora school and 14 other state institutions The grand jury also indicted 5 former officials and employes of the Eldora school on charges ranging from conspiracy to 2nd degiee murder In view of the in dictments Jeris Grothe special assistant attorney said first degree murder charges filed earlier in Eldora justice court against 4 of the defendants would be dismissed In addition to indicting the 4 men charged with murder hy Grothe on Sept 13 the grand jury named O S Van Krog resigned superintendent of the schoolin a conspiracy count Groihe pointed out in announcing plans to dis miss the murder charges He said a hearing of the 4 to be held at Eldora Monday would not be conducted that he was preparing and would mail Monday to Justice C W Haase the dismissal and that the bonds of the 4 listed in the infor mation would be cancelled Grothe explained that when a preliminary information is filed during the time a grand jury is in session and the grand jury con siders the information and then returns indictments the informa tion becomes moot or already de termined and there is nothing to hear The 4 involved were Dorrell T Brown former assistant superin tendent H J Martin former dean of boys and Harold Nelson and Carl Klatt former guards Grothe and County Atty D W Dickinson of Eldora said they did not know when the five indicted would be arraigned but Grothe said it prob ably would be this week The grand jury Saturday in dicted Von Kiog Darrell T Brown former assistant superin tendent and H J Martin dean of boys on charges of conspiracy in connection with alleged brutality at the institution Each posted 51000 bond Harold Kelson suspended guard was indicted on charges of second degree murder assault with intent to inflict great bodily injury and conspiracy He posted 5000 bond on the first charge and bond on each of the other charges Carl Klatt another suspended guard was indicted on charges of second degree murder and con spiracy He posted bond on the first charge and bond on First degree murder the outgrowth of the death Aug 29 of Ronald Miller 17 year old inmate were filed Sept 13 against Brown Martin Klatt and Kelson Von Kror meanwhile asserted in a statement that hospital rec ords of the institution reveal only 4 boys died during my 23 years and 7 months administration Since over 6000 boys have passed through the school during this time this certainly speaks well for the hospital and medical care the boys received he added The grand jury had declared ir its voluminous report that the hospital had been staffed inade quately Von Krog said further that bul letins posted in each cottagetold the boys they could write the board of controlwhich supervises the institution at any time with out the letters being censored The grand jury calling for the resignations of David R McCreery and P F Hopkins board members since 1939 said the evidence es tablished the board has been re miss in the performance of its duties in operation of the school The school has been mismanaged for at least 20 years McCreery and Hopkins declined comment on the report BIGS EXPECTED Allies Block Jap TOCOMPROMISE Atom Bomb Study BALKAN DEB ATE Western Allies May Agree on Russian Token Representation London UR t sources predicted Monday that the big 5 foreign ministers will compromise their differences over the Balkans and the Mediterrane ADMHALSEY RIDES WHITE HORSE IN William F Halsey satisfies in part of hs desure to ride Emperor Hirohitos white horse in Tokyo as he rides a white horse produced by correspondents when it became evident that the emperoS private wS f r npaailable Standing the grounds of the Meiji shrine in Tokyo William C Chase commander of U S first cavalry division AP wirephoto ence ends later this week Those close to the conferees be lieved the ministers finally would agree on formulas along these lines 1 Russia will concede a mea sure of free opposition should be permitted against the communist government in Bulgaria and a somewhat smaller measure against those in Romania and Hungary 2 The western allies will agree lo token Russian representation In the administration of Italian colonies soviet representation would be token in that it would not permit Russia to develop a military base in a Med Britain consid Lumber Elevator Strikes Up Gov Kelly Number of Idle to 323000 ByIJNITED PKESS Labor troubles of the reconversion period sent new thousands of workers out on strike from coast to coast Monday and brought the number of strike idle employes to a 1945 high of 323000 In the Pacific northwest BOOOO AFL lumber and sawmill workers stack for higher wages On the Atlantic coast 15000 elevator oper ators and building service employes began a strike in 1500 New York it l City buildings n v j v workers stranded in against shoftening hours and smaller takehome pay for some workers Between the seaboards there were scores of strikes mostly called in an effort to keep the totalpay up to the war time level The most serious work stoppages were in Detroit where the automobile companies were hampered in their efforts to turn out the first new models in 4 years and in 3 big oil refining areas where gasoline supplies were cut sharply At Detroit Chrysler corporation officials asked for a wage confer ence with representatives of the United Automobile Workers Union CIO Tuesday HAW Chrysler locals have authorized a petition for a strike vote About 150000 employes would be affected by a Chrysler strike The lumber walkout was called following a breakdown in nego tiations for a blanket minimum wage of an hour for work ers in Oregon Washington Idaho and Montana The employers have declined to negotiate on an in dustrywide basis contending set tlement should be made in each area Hopes for settlement of the spreading oil strike apparently hinged on a joint conference of union and oil company officials scheduled for Tuesday in Chi cago with federal department of labor conciliators Members of the United Oil Workers International Union whose walkout has brought critical shortages to Detroit Cleveland Toledo Ohio and Houston TexV struck 2 additional Texas refineries Sunday Workers at the Magnolia plant at Beaumont left their jobs at 8 a m and the Shell refinery at Houston went down at midnight Operations in 3 of the nations richest refining Texas gulf coast region the Calumet river basin near Chicago and the OhioWest Virginia cnppled by the mass walkout Gas rationing on a voluntary basis already had been resumed in Toledo Ohio where existing supplies were reduced almost to the vanishing point because of Ohio and West Virginia walk outs City officials at Houston Tex expressed concern at what they described as the very grave situation there Enters Into Auto Strike BULLETIN Detroit Harry Kelly Monday intervened in the 32dayold KelseyHayes Wheel company strike halting Ford auto mobile productionas the CIO CAP Favors Municipal Airport at Atlantic At 8 a m Sunday here be made into a municipal airport Patrol members pointed out to the council that unlessthe land ing field site is furnished by the city the United States department YEAR AGO of commerce1 airways will elim Maximum mate the Atlantic station which Minimum has equipment valued at Precipitation REPORT 2 MORE GASES OF POLIO Ups Total to 34 For Cerrb Gordo Two more casesof infantile par alysis were reported in Mason City over the weekend One case developed in the northeast part Mason City Saturday afternoon and another developed in south Mason City Monday This makes a total of 34 cases reported in the county of which 25 have been In Mason City ac cording to A M Schanke cliair man of the Cerro Gordo County Chapter of the National Founda tion for Infantile Paralysis The case which develpped Sat urday was hospitalized at Iowa City and the one that developed Monday was hospitalized at Des Moines a fi wuuvhlvU 95 tuC wascalled called for strikevotes amonr 600 000 employes of rthe tndustryfaBfs mKelly ordered Chairman Vital LUUI f hillip Wets of the Michigan labor mediation board to examin the KelseyHayes dispute immediately to determine why 4500 workers were kept idle by a minority of the plant employes Washington of the omitnConnally war labor dis putes act loomed Monday as a possible aftermath riTand fnr xi workers plans for strike votes by more than a half million members tne present worldwide dev The union already has peti tioncd the national labor relations Yoath Steals Car Chicago il At p m Richard Sullivan 22 called Mor ton Grove police to report his car had been stolen At police ar rested a 15 year old youth driving the stolen vehicle ths of a mile from the locale of the theft Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness and continued rather cool Monday night and Tuesday Iowa Fair west clearing east Monday Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday except clcjudy with occasional light ram extreme southeast Monday Cooler Monday and Monday night Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday except scattered thun der showers extreme west por tion Tuesday afternoon Cooler southeast portion and a little warmer northwest portion Mon day night Warmer north and northwest Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday At 8 a m Monday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 84 43 47 22 SB 39 03 Atlantic Atlantic civil air patrol has proposed to the city council that the government emergency landing field west of GlobeGazette weather statistics nH Mximum Saturday Minimum Saturday 72 64 67 03 57 47 51 F UUUL I C HUllS i Vote amonff 325000 General Motors workers at plants Oct 96 24 It also has an nounced it will ask for a vote uun iui ek VUIC amon 120000 Chrysler workers Europes inland waterways probably Oct 25 and for one to be taken at Ford plants around Government reliance on the act Vldkun Quisling Asks to prevent or deter strikes prac M f tically vanished last winter when INOrwegiail LOUlt lOr John L Lewis turned its strike r 1 r r to his Deduction or Sentence Lewis in opening negotiations wjtn bituminous coal operators dispute existed among the 400000 soft coal miners scattered across the continent Taking that ballot and a later one among anthracite miners cos the NLRB about Scores of other unions followed Lewiss lead and the NLBB was forced to halt operations temporarily fo lack offunds war labor board Tokyo AP Wellinformed Japanese sources said Monday that Emperor Hirohito has arranged to pay a pre cedentshattering caU on General MacArthur at the latters residence the American embassy building No date was specified The decision on a meeting place of conqueror and con quered was reached these sources told Associated Press Cor respondent Russell Brines at a recent conference between Competent MacArthur and Admiral Fujita grand chamberlin nda that Official confirmation was lacking although a meeting of Mac Arthur and Hirohito long has been expected If the emperor goes to MacArthurs residence at the embassy it would be the first time in modern history that any Japanese emperor has gone to another ruler an probably before their confer for an audience being waged against Gen Douglas MacArthur with the aim of forcing his removal as supreme allied commander in Japan It did not seem likely that Sov iet Foreign Commissar V M Mo lotov ever had expected that Russia actually would win a base in the Mediterranean On the other hand realistic members of the American dele gation never had expected that Russia would bow to a demand that the AngloAmerican concept of democracy be installed in the Balkans Sweeping demands by both Russia and the western allies on these issues probably werebased Ti thVhbperthey would result in least token Even the most hardboiled ne gotiators knew they could not ad journ the conference 3 or4 days hence without some semblance of agreement on the main Balkan and Italian peace treaties The ministers were grimly aware that they were Working in the shadow of a 3rd WorlcTwar a war which U S Secretary of State James Byrnes is convinced come in 8 to 10 years de American delegates still held high hopes that speedy and com plete agreement could be reached on the President Trumans pro posal for internationalization of Oslo Quisling ap Monday for reduction of hi death sentence for treason The hearing is expected next week Plan Launching Council Bluffs W A Byers will attend the launch ing at Wilmington Cal Thurs Among reasons for retaining the day of the 10000ton SS Coun act even after Lewis seized upon cil Bluffs the last of the Victory it was its provision permitting ships to be built by the Califor the government to seize striken i a Shipbuilding corporation bound plants during the war It Council Bluffs residents have do also gave legal backing to the nated more than for a li brary for the ships crew The allied high command Monday blocked any atomicbomb re search in Japan directed rigid control of Japanese economic life m Hiding wages prices and all traf Senator Says Smear Drive Being Waged ic in currencies and negotiable assets and moved toward free Japanese press The news order directed the to remove completely from direct or ndirect control of newspapers and news agencies Heretofore the ruling Japanese clique has almost news agencies Heretofore the ruling Japanese clique has almost Washington fP Senator completely controlled and directed ATnU nnws nnliript Wherry R contended Monday a smear campaign is news policies Stripping the present D om e I igency of its special privileges he order paves the way for es ablishment new and trulyfree competing agencies Two other farreaching direc tives aimed at freezing traffic in currencies and other negotiable assets to facilitate the task of fingerprinting Japans assets at lome and abroad Prohibited are export or Import vi of gold or silver coin gold silver as some may call at the radical or and platinum bullion or currency communistic press to verify his and securities checks bank drafts of grange powers ot at orney proxies and any evidence of indebtedness or evidence of te the nora Wherry told the senate they could look at the liberal press or The Nebraskan who charged last week that Acheson had in sulted MacArthur moved to send appointment back to the for i relations committee The committee previously had ap proved it unanimously If he is the only one so recordedf Wherry said he wants the record to show that I did not support Mr Acheson Wherry termed unsatisfactory a reply sent by Acheson to a list of questions the senator pro pounded Saturday These ques tions dealt largely with Achesons statement that Japanese occupa tion policies wold be made in Washington not by a field com mander such as MacArthur Acheson sent Wherry a copy of ns news conference remarks to gether with other government pro nouncements and told him to test for himself the correctness of Achesons statement Wherry recalled that one ques tion he had posed to Acheson was whether Gen Dwight D Eisen hower had given a revised esti mate of how many troops he would need for occupation of Germany Saying the question had gone unanswered Wherry added Information coming to me from sources I cannot reveal is that a revised estimate has come from Eisenhower and it has not been disclosed to the American people Weathermen Receive 1st Hand Information Detroit at De troit weather bureau have to look at their instruments Sun day to tell if it was raining Workmen left a roof repairing job uncompleted Saturday and when a heavy rainstorm started Sunday water poured down on the weathermen their maps and instruments TOLEDO RATIONS GASOLINEWith gasoline scarce because of a strike Toledo of iUv available supplies to essential users Here Vice Mayor Michael V Disalle hand on door talks with persons who jammed the mayors tothe dty wil1 distribute the roperty ownership not speofic ally exempted One of the emperors closest ui isers meanwhile disclosed thai n bis opinion Emperor Hrelto did President peace plea arid the 17 S partlients Nov 26 1941 memorandum but ignored both when Warlord Hideki Tojo and other advisers told him it was useless to resist the risinjr war We in Japan The close adviser Marquis Kol hi Kido lord keeper of the privy seal also told Associated Press Correspondent Russell Brines that he believed the emperor had no advance knowledge of the Pearl Harbor attack Furthermore said Kido reports of abdication moves are false Chungking radio according o the FCC in Washington earlier Monday reported in a Chinese lan juage broadcast that the emperor had abdicated but there was no confirmation and Premier Prince Higashi Kuni speedily issued an official denial Kido said that he himself had advised war in the belief that the nation could fight long enough for a 5050 break through a fa vorable compromise peace Other wellinformed Japanese sources said that General MacAr hur cracked the whip for the irst time Monday on Japanese government appointments from members of formerly priv ileged classes He vetoed the ap liointment of Seihin Ikeda former finance minister as president of the central liaison board these sources said They said Vice Pre mier Prince Fumimaro Kanoyc had nominated Ikeda Ikeda is a former manager of the vast Mitsui interests U S 8th army headquarters announced that Camilio Osias minister of education in the Phil ippine puppet government was taken into custody Monday and was placed in the Yokohama pre fectural prison where former puppet President Jose Laurel and other suspected collaborationists or war criminals are held MacArthur reported that trials of suspected war criminals would begin soon in special military trib unals The Japanese home ministry re ported the toll in Horoshima pre fecture in last weeks typhoon was 1068 killed 1276 injured and 931 missing Military tribunals instead of an American court martial will try the suspected war criminals be cause the tribunals have greater power and more latitude than is permitted under the rigid rales ol court martial Preliminary plans for the trials call for dividing defendants into these categories who planned the war Premier Hideki Tojo and his Pearl Harbor cabinet and others high in the nations councils who permitted atroc Gen Masaharu Homma held responsible for the Bataan death march and others soldiers or civilian who committed atrocities Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy
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