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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: September 20, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF H1S10TY ARCHIVES IA VVv THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Pna nag United Press Full Leased wires Hve Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 20 1945 This Paper emulate of Two SectionsSection One NO Z97 ARMY TO SLASH DISCHARGE POINTS FLEET STEAMS FOR HOME WITH DISCHARGE MEN Headquarters Reveals Increase to 400000 Before Predicted Cut Tokyo ships of Admiral Halseys fighting third fleetsteamed for home Thursday carrying several thousand navy men due for i General MacArthurs headquarters j disclosed that any occupation forces will increase to 400000be fore the predicted slash to 200000 takes place There are approximately 150000 American soldiers in Japan State department expressions of surprise and concern at MapAr thuts prediction of 3 days ago on the size of the occupation forces drew another terse no comment from Mac Arthur himself Thurs day His staff officers pointed out however that bis announcement of future reductions had clearly specified a probable force of 200 000 8 months hence It did not say that this would be the maximum landed in the meantime they em phasized Troops will continue to pour into Japan through September Octo ber November and December un til about 400000 have arrived by the end of the year they reported Japanese demobilization mean while is proceeding so smoothly that approximately threefourths of the homeland army has been disarmed and discharged in half the allotted time MacArthurs headquarters announced The 400000 maximum array spokesmen said does not include marine units in navy occupation zpnes no r InWashington AeHnc Secretary of State Bean Acheson remarked sharply that the United States government not the occupation forces under MacArthnr isde termining American policy toward Japan Be expressed surprise that anyone coulddetermine now the number of forces necessary for the occupation MacArthurs staff officers point ed out that thus far the occupation has been without incident and that elimination of what MacArthur called the tinknown quantity of the initial operation permitted new planning for the future The generals chief of economic and scientific planning said Thurs day that Japans food arid shelter crisis would reach its peak in 3 or 4 months Staff officers em phasized that MacArthurs pre dicted reduction to 200000 occu pation troops would follow this period Discussing Achesons comment point by point staff officers noted that he specified that occupation policy making is a U S govern rnent function and requires that Japan be stripped of her present economic and social systemwhich makes for a will to war And they pointed to a paragraph in the generals reduction an nouncement which said The questions involved in this matter are entirely independent of the future of Japans politico Former Jap Ambassador Denies Knowledge of Attack on Pearl Harbor Tokyo Nomura ambassador to the United States at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack said in an inter view Thursday that he did not know of the attack when he took a Japanese note to Secretary of State Hull on that fateful Dec 71941 The admiral denied he had en raged in any double play in dealing with Secretary Hull over relations between the 2 coun tries He blamed young fire eat committing Nippon to war against the emperors wishes as well as responsible men of Japan As ambassador he added he tried to avert hostilities but the situation went beyond his powers Speaking of his last visit with of the Pearl Harbor at said When I returned to the embas sy I was informed of develop ments the attack by staff mem bers who got it from the Ameri can radio I was very embarrassed and worried but it was beyond my power to prevent War is deplor able but my conscience may I say Is clear The former ambassador added didnt play any double play in dealing with Secretary Hull The war was against my wishes knew Americas great indus trial capacity and ability to pro duce but it was decided in Tokyo He saidheurged his govern ment to be very cautious and told yoiir authorities to be patient Bee Trouble Clinton Mo a farm auction saie Roy Welch ended up with more than he bar gained for Ready to go home Welch found in his car a swarm of bees hang ing to the steering wheel He hitchhiked home Hot Pilots Act as MacArthur Honor Guard Tokyo hot pilots of the 49th fighter in the with their p 38s at Atsugi airfield Thursday Geri Douglas MacAr thurs honor guard The boysfrom Humpty JDoo began their Pacific fighting ii Kitty hawks from Darwin Au stralia in February 1942 switch ing to Lightnings later that year More than 3 years of bitter sir battles found the Humpty Doo pi lots with an unequalled war rec Japanese planes shot down The outfit got its name in 1942 when pilots christened their Darwin base Humpty poo They carried that name through the New Guinea Philippines Okina wa and Japan campaigns Big 5 Studies Treaty Issue With Finland tondoh Big 5 foreign ministers conference discussed the noncontroversial issue of a treaty with Finland Thursday be fore plunging into the complex problem of Balkan peace pacts John Foster Dulles an advisor on the American delegation and specialist on foreign affairs in Gov Thomas E Deweys presi dential campaign last year mean while was considering a request from Secretary of State Byrnes to make a tour of the continent to gather an independent report for use of the state department in shaping policies A renewed United States pro test against unilateral soviet ac tion inthe Balkans may be pre sented when the foreign ministers take up the problem of peace treaties with the satellite states former nazi Dulles said whether he would make the trip for Byrnes de pended on how long the Big 5 meeting lasted He would visit Germany Italy Poland Austria and France but not Moscow or the Balkan satellites if he should decide to go she said The council annpuriced W day night it had reached substarii tiaT agreement on the Italian Yugoslav a boundary dispute and had turned over to the deputies the problem ot drawing an actual boundary line A communique said Trieste now in Italian Sands would become an international port with each nation retaining sovereignty over peoples speak ing its language CIO Union Speeds End of 3 Strikes Detroit battery fed eral labor experts launched peace efforts in Detroits critical labor situation Thursday and found the CIO United Auto Workers already speeding settlement of at least 3 automobile industry strikes Four labor department concilia tors from the Cleveland office ar rived Thursday morning and called a meeting with union and management representatives in the WoodaU Industries strike which has held tip car body parts As the authoritypacked feder al agency entered the explosive reconversion disputes the UAW was involved in efforts to settle the KelseyHayes Wheel company strike which has stopped produc tion at the Ford Motor company Other UAW officials were meeting with management representatives of the Murray Corporation of America and the L A Young Spring and Wire company where strikes have tied up cushions and seats for 1946 cars More than 3000 workers are out at the Murray corporation and another 550 are idle at L A Young Meantime Murray officials issued a public statement charg ing irresponsible union leaders with stalling the national eco nomic machine The statement said union leadership was heading the nation straight for another depression The UAW also was racing the governments conciliation service to restore production at Kelsey Hayes a chief supplier of Ford Ford has stopped production on 1946 models at 11 plants because of the dispute The UAW campaign for end ing the walkout was led by Rich ard T Frankensteen UAW vice president and candidate for mayor of Detroitin an election 6 weeks away Frankensteen was staking his campaign on his ability toget the wheelsturning agairi at Kel seyrHayes the ment sent 7 hand picked labor trouble shooterstoDetvolt td end Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from yoor GlobeGazette carrier boy governmental structure This problem is one of the ultimate solution of which necessarily awaits completion of military phases of the surrender It is one which unquestionably will be de termined upon the highest diplo matic levels of the United States Another warcrimes the only woman on MacArthnrs original wanted was taken Into custody by S 8fh army Thursday The wom an Lily Abeef known also to and Kobe prewar foreign colonies as Sybitle Abe was al legedly linked with Tokyo radio propaganda The Tokyo newspaper Mainichi reported 3 more Japanese on Mac Arthurs suspect list had been ar rested They were Col Akira Na gahama former commander of gendarmerie in the Philippines Shigeru Osanai former civilian official at a Japanese prisoner of Superforts Set Lead for JapanAmerica Flights Washington by a to 1 shot Lt Gen Barney M Giles MWJ Miura guard at believes the Japan to America nonstop run soon will be flown injjpth often Giles led a flight of 3 stripped down B29s in an unsuccessful at tempt to reach Washington from Sapporo Japan without a pause The big Superfortresses had to sit down at Chicago late Wednes day to take on fuel after stubborn headwinds blew away their chances some 6100 miles and 26 hours after their takeoff We hit weather you wouldnt hit once in 50 times Giles said after the planes covered the re maining 600 miles to Washington in just over 2 hours He added that the great circle route over which he led the flight is the shortest one and that the United States will use it often Giles disclosed that the fueling stop was more a matter caution than necessity One plane had 1200 gallons left of the 10000 which it started with another had 1000 andthe third 700 gallons The B29s use around 400 gallons an hour at fast cruising speed Uncertain weather made it in advisable to try to squeeze home Giles said adding that the pro jected nonstop flight was a prac tical test and not a stunt General the Army H H Ar nold commander of thearmy air forces said the object was to see what could be expected from the B29 Reason It had gone from the camp All 3 were accused of bru talities Demobilization of the Japanese has continued at the rate of 50 000 men daily MacArthur re ported There were 2253000 Japa nese under arms in the home is lands Aug 15 and approximately 1645000 had been demobilized by Sept only 608000 to go by the Oct 15 disarmament dead line In addition to American navy personnel passengers being ferried home for discharge crewmen themselves on many of Halseys 17 warships expect to remain In the United States ii VJill H1C i dun drawing board directly into pro tne same duction and combat without all the usual tests given a new plane The flight to Chicago was about 200 miles short of a Russian hop from Moscow to California and 1000 miles under the world record set by 2 British planes flying from Egypt to Australia The plane commanded by Giles deputy commander ol United States strategic air forces in the Pacific reached Chicago 26 hours and 25 minutes after leaving Mi zntani airport In Japan It aver aged about 231 miles an hour Brig Gen Emmett Rosy ODonnell commander of the first B29 group to hit Tokyo reached Chicago in 25 hours 43 minutes RELAXES DEMANDS FOR PAY J Thomas above CIO United Automobile Workers president said in Flint Mich his union would be willing to accept even slight pay gains during negotiations over the 30 per cent boost in Ford General Motors and Chrysler plants Thomas is shown talking to reporters as the CIO executive board metin Flint Gasoline Slows to Trickle as 20000 Workers Walk Out in Strike on Oil Industry the From Washington it was re ported that Edgar L Warren newly appointed director of the labor departments conciliation service would not come to De troit personally but would rely on the other conciliators The department of labor appar ently felt that the tension was easing Meantime Frankensteen said he hoped to save them the trouble After conferences with union and management in the KelseyHayes dispute Frankensteen said he wanted to bring the strike to an end before the United States government gets into the case Although he did not work out a settlement in the initial confer ence with both sides Wednesday he said he planned to meet again with each group and that he might be able to report some progress by Friday The strike of 4500 Kelsey Hayes workers arose over the dis missal of a dozen UAW stewards and made 50000 workers idle at Ford John Q Jennings regional su pervisor for the labor department conciliation service said the con ciliators would be assigned to handle various grievances The most serious cases he said would be handled by 3 member panels Dies From Fall Bree 65 Kellogg died Wednesday from in juries suffered Monday night in a fail in a Kellogg cafe Bree was a former Bock Island railway con ductor By UNITED PRESS Gasoline for fuelhungry auto mobiles slowed to atrickle Thurs day as almost 20000 oil workers struck in response to a call by O A Knight president the Oil Workers Internationalunion tiatiohs for takehome pay failed It pulled 18325 men from their Jobs in refineries oil fields and on pipelines Knight threatened to have 30000 out by the end oE the week Thousands oE other more than 200000 in were out as a result of strikes throughout the nation Everywhere it was virtually the same workers wanted to continue draw ing pay for the peacetime 40hour week equivalent to what they had been making in overtime war pro duction Even as crude oil stills were allowed to cool in the nations largest refineries other workers met to cast strike ballots Union officials promised to halt operations in the rich Texas pro ducing area from Corpus Christi to Houston and from Port Arthur to Beaumont They predicted that except for one plant the great Calumet industrial area would be shut down by Friday On the Texas Gulf coast 10000 members of CIO Oil Workers In ternational union seeking 52 hours pay for the 40hour peacetime work week went out on strike Another 3400 were to go out at would ask the city to set up of where essential isexs could purchase stored gaso ATOOTC BOMBER ARRIVES ON NONSTOP Kcrmit Beahan of Houston Texas the bomber who dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki on Anp 9 waves as he emerges from one of the Superforts which made a nonstop flight from Japan to Chicago after the planes landed at municipal airport at Chicago Wednesday AP Wirephoto K A Engr He led the procession although he was the last to take off from Sap poro Maj Gen Curtis E Lemay trailed in at 27 hours Each plane carried 12 men Weather Report FORECAST Mason and continued cool Thursday Scattered light frosts on low ground Friday in creasing cloudiness with rising temperatures Iowa Fair and cooler in extreme east Thursday Fair and con tinued cool Thursday night Friday partly cloudy and warm er with scattered thundershow ers in extreme west in after noon or night Minnesota Clear with light frost south and central portions Thursday night and partly cloudy with frost or near freez ing temperatures extreme north Friday partly cloudy with slow ly rising temperature Occasion al light rain extreme west por tion by night IN MASON CITY Globegazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 63 Minimum Wednesday 39 At 8 a m Thursday 45 Precipitation 49 YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum 53 Precipitation 05 New Role of Mrs Agar Hollywood Temple Thursday began what she consid ers the greatest role of her that of Mrs John Agar She married the army air forces sergeant Wednesday night in a wedding marked by one of the biggest mob scenes in Hollywood history The former film moppet had wanted a quiet church cere mony But her fans thought dif ferently They started gathering at 3 oclock in the afternoon in front of the Wilshire Methodist church By the wedding time a crowd estimated by police at 5000 lined the streets Traffic down Wilshire Boulevard main high way through Los Angeles was hopelessly snarled Fortyfive city studio and mili tary policemen attempted to hold tha crowd back But they were not enough When the bride and bridegroom left the church a shouting throng of adolescents Senate Votes Travel Pay for Workers Washington JP The senate voted Thursday to pay the way back home for workers who lose the jobs they moved to during the war In the first administration vic tory after 2 major defeats on the unemployment compensation bill a vote oE 65 to 14 turned back a move by Senator McClellan D to block the travel allow ances The majority heeded arguments that since the government induced these people to take war work away from home it ought to get them baek The section McClellan wanted to strip from the bill would grant up to for travel home or to a new job The government would pay the cost of moving the work er and his family but not his household goods i McClellan told a reporter be fore the senate gathered for what was expected to be its last day of debate on the emergency mea sure Those workers who have al ready gone home would not share in these travel benefits at all This is discrimination Also it would permit travel payments without any of need irrespective of the high wages a worker may have been drawing We are going too fay paying something out of the treasury whether a man needs it or not It Is a trend which alarms me Debate so far has shown little opposition to the proposal be yond McClellans Backers say the government induced these people to leave home for war work and therefore is obligated to get them back There was crushing opposition Wednesday to 2 major recom mendations by President Tru man 1 A vote of 51 to 29 rejected his proposal that the federal gov ernment supplement stale jobless assart S25 a weekIn every state 2 A vote of 56 to 23 returningto the states activities of the United States unemploy ment service These were taken over by the government early in the war and Mr Truman had asked hat they be retained In federal hands until July 1 1947 Those 2 votes were the first important defeats on capitol hill for the Truman administration Major features in the bill as it stands are 3 1 A proposal to extend to 26 weeks thd duration of state pay ments to the jobless The govern ment would as needed supply extra funds 2 To grant unemployment com pensation wholly at federal ex pense to 2900000 federal civil employes and 400000 maritime workers They would be paid the rates of the state in which they worked 3 The travel pay allowances The voting lineup Wednesday showed that many democrats were ready to leave party ranks on major issues Here was the count On rejecting the top pay plan 32 republicans and 19 demor crats voting to reject 25 demo 4 p m Involved were the Gulf Oil Refinery the Texas Co Refinery and three Butane plants in Port Arthur the Pure Oil Co Refinery at Kederland and the Texas Co Refinery Asphalt at Port Neches The wave of walkouts following management branding of the pay increase as unreasonable threatened motorists gasoline supplies as well as fuel oil for industrial and home use In Port Arthur Otis Lee chairman of the unions strategy committee warned that the general public would receive no more gasoline after filling station supplies were exhausted Lee said women and men nearly swamped them A police lieutenant finally ordered an aisle through the crowd and the couple surrounded by 8 guards made their way to a waiting car If the outside scene was hectic the ceremony inside was just as Shirley wanted it The 500 invited guests sat quietly in the church surrounded by hundreds of pink roses Only twothirds of the seats were taken At the conclusion of the ceremony Sgt Agar gave his bride a long resounding kiss which brought a ripple of laughter from the audience The kiss was longer than movie censors would 3 republicans and one progressive to write it in On turning back the employment service to the states 34 republicans and 21 democrats anc one progressive in favor of doing so 23 democrats opposed Convene Des Moines State Fin Marshal John Strohm reported tc delegates attending the 6Sth an nual meeting of the Iowa Fire mens that fires hac caused property dam age in Iowa during the first i months of this year The asso ciation concluded its 2 day con vention Wednesday f t i woman chops wood which will be her only watches 6r tenement in Fulda Germany as her husband NEED 70 OCT 1 NOV 1 FOR ARMY RELEASE Gen Marshal Promises 2 Year Men Eligible By Late in Winter Washington George C Marshall announced Thursday that points needed for army disr charge will be reduced to 70 on Oct 1 and 60 on Nov 1 The present point score dis charge level is 80 Marshall appearing before members of congress in a personal effort to halt congressional crit icisms of the army demobilization program said the reductions would affect somewhere in the neighborhood of 2000000 people He promised that by late winter demobilization will have reached the point where all men of 2 years or more service will be eli gible for release By then he said the point sys tem as it now stands will hardly be a factor Marshall said that when that time comes the trouble some problem of discharging lim ited service personnel who never got overseas service to earn dis charge point credits will be an swered It also was disclosed that on Oct 1 other discharge point scores will be reduced as follows 1 Field officers 100 to 75 across the board 2 WAC enlisted personnel 41 to 36 with a further redaction to 34 on Nov 1 x 3 WAC officers 41 to 39 The army also was revealed to be liberalizing furloughs and re leases for hardship cases Marshall said the army expects to release 450000 men iriSeptem ber 550000 in October Thereaft er he said the rate will be 700000 to 800000 a month He saii this wouldkeep up jut til next he will reach the point where it will have to be determined what force will be needed for occupation pur poses and how many more can be demobilized Marshall repeated the assertion made by President Truman Wedi nesday that there is no relation ship at this time between the speed of demobilization and fu ture army needs He said it will be next spring before the occupation needs can be determined accurately and such needs will not be a factor in demobilization before that time Marshall said that meanwhile all facilities are being devoted to the release of the largest number of men as rapidly as possible Transportation facilities and trained personnel are the deciding factors at this time he said He took note of congressional protests that overseas veterans are being kept in idleness or as signed menial tasks at domestic bases while awaiting discharge That situation Marshall promised will be cleared up with 3 or 4 weeks In that length of time demobi lization facilities will have reached the point where all men for whom a useful job cannot be found will be released I dont know how many that will be he said but we are not going to keep anyone who is not of use to the army Marshall said this policy might result in release of some troops here who have lower point scores than some veterans still overseas He said it would be done over the protest of theater commanders who are responsible for the dis cipline and morale of their own men He said that unless it is done however he expected greater fury on this front than would result from the protests from overseas Marshall explained that whea Germany collapsed last May high point longr service men in Europe and the Philippines had to remain overseas because lower point men in units marked for Pacific duty were using alt the available trans portation Marshall said the needs for oc cupation forces are constantly be ing revised Only Wednesday night he revealed the war de partment received official word from Gen Douglas MacArthur that he hopes to be able to handle Japan and Korea with no more than 200000 regular troops by tha end of 6 months Marshall said MacArthurs fig ure for Jan 1 is 1400000 men He said Gen Dwight Eisenhower commander in the European the ater still estimates he will need troops by the end of next June Marshall also disclosed that MacArthur wants to keep one vision of marines in addition to the 200000 army troops for i occupation of Japan and Korea   

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