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Mason City Globe Gazette: Tuesday, September 18, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 18, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press tnd United Proa Full Leased wires Hve Cents Cbpy cmr IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER u iau jrapm tamasu ot TCTO SectionsSection NO MS BUILDING CONTROLS Typhoon Strikes Tokyo STORM HALTS AIRPLANESHITS HOMESINTOKYO Occupation Forces Spread Over 800 Mile Area of Nip Homeland Tokyo UPJ Typhoon struck Tokyo Tuesday interrupting oc cupation operations and wreck ing makeshift homes of hundreds of airraid victims All military and naval planes were Grounded and smallboat communications between Ameri can naval vessels in Tokyo Bay and the shore were halted tem porarily Gen Douglas MacArlhurs head quarters meantime revealed that occupation forces have spread out over an 800 mile stretch the Japanese homeland with 65000 or more troops concentrated with in a 30 mile radius of Tokyo Suspends Press Tokyo Douglas Mac Arthur Tuesday suspended the newspaper Asahi one of Tokyos 2 leading dailies for 48 hours ef fective with its Wednesday morn ing edition The Asahi was ac cused of violating an allied su preme headquarters directive pro hibiting publication of matter de signed to disturb public tran quilitycriticizing alliedpowers or containing false statements1 1 At the southwestern end of the American occupation arc anad vance echelon from the 5th am phibious corps and the 5th marine division was revealed to have en tered Sasebo big Japanese naval base in the northwest corner of Kyushu The remainder of the corps and the fifth division will occupy Sasebp and atomicbombed Na gasaki 35 miles to the south next Saturday Thesecond marine and 32nd infantry divisions will land in the SaseboNagasaki area later Four infantry divisions and 2 regiments are strtioned in the Tokyo area They are the first cavalry the 27th the 43rd and the Americal divisions the 4th marine regiment and the 112th regimental combat team The llth airborne division which spearheaded the airborne landings in Japan has moved from Atsugi airdrome to the Sen daiFukushima area 200 miles north of Tokyo Fourteen corps headquarters is in the process of moving to the same sector MacArthurs headquarters also authorized the Japanese to fly limited air courier and liaison transport service totaling 14 round trips weekly on 4 routes all out of Tokyo The permission stipulated that no more than 4 planes be air borne at any one time and that any flight delayed 15 minutes be yond scheduled takeoff time be cancelled Planes must be painted white with green crosses The typhoon swirled into Tokyo at 3 a m Terrific Inter mittent blasts of wind smashed many corrugated iron shacks built by air raid victims from the rubble of their former homes and pelted pedestrians vehicles and buildings with loose bricks peb bles and pieces of wood Sporadic rain was driven hori zontally by the typhoon The central meteorological ob servatory referred to the typhoon as a marauder of the sky and said it was born north of the Marianas one week ago Moving at a speed of 14 miles an hour il was expected to cover the entire area of western Japan including Shikofcu and Kyushu islands The first cavalry corps having a tough time trying to pre vent destruction of its tent en campment Number of Infantile Paralysis Cases Stays at 21 in Mason City The infantile par alysis cases in Mason City con tinued to stand at 21 Tuesday with no additional cases reporter in the last 24 hours it was statet at the office of Dr C M Fran chere city health director The calendar is now on the side of a reduced number of cases the health physician pointed out Fal weather always brings a subsi dence of the disease SCHEDULED YANK LANDINGS IN with pointers identify the additional Yank troops that will oceu py Japan the cities they will enter and the dates of these entries according to a report from General MacArthurs headquarters AP wirephoto K A Bngr Washington Puzzled Over Statementby Mac Arthur Russia Favors Colonies for Separate Care London Foreign Commissar V M Molotov re vealed Tuesday that Russia fav ors placing Italian colonies under the trusteeship of individual members of the united nations rather than under any collective guardianship The Armenian socialist party asked the bis 5 Tuesday to call upon Turkey to renounce in favor of Soviet Armenia all rights and title over territories assigned to Armenia by President Wilson The morandum charged that Armenians had been victims of the grossest injustices under Turkish dominance It was pre sented to the foreign ministers council by A M Missakian on behalf of the party Turkey seized several districts previously allotted to Armenia in 1920 but halted its advance after Hussia intervened The Soviet Armenian government was estab lished in December 1920 The Armenian question was raised as the foreign ministers of the United States Britain Russia France and China were about to listen to Italian and Yugoslav views on the impending Italian peace treaty especially as it con cerns their common boundary Vice Premier Edward Kardelj was to speak for Yugoslavia and Foreign Minister Alcide de Gas peri for Italy Dr Kardelj appeared at the morning session He was ex pected to ask that Italy yield to Yugoslavia all of the disputed Verizia Giulia province includ ing the port of Trieste and a number of Italian Adriatic is lands Deployment Timetable Paris redeploy ment timetable of U S army di visions 17th airborne and 45th infan try Arrived in U S 6th and 14th armored On high seas 63rd infantry 254th and 255th regiments in United Kingdom awaiting shipment 253rd regi ment sailed from li Havre 5th armored and 106th infan try Awaiting shipment in Le Hacre staging area 10th armored In assembly area command 9th armored Moving into Mar seille staging area 99th infantry Now shipping from Marseille 393rd regiment and other elements sailed Sept 13 last elements scheduled to clear port Sept 19 8th and 16th armored Altered for movement Washington Mac Arthurs estimate that as few as 200000 men to occupy Japan provoked both heers and consternation inWash ington Tuesday It also raised the possibility hat President Truman might hare to step into an apparent jontroversy to decide exactly wha this countrys occupation policy i to be The cheers for MacArthurs op tmustic projection of troop needs 6 months hence came from de mobilizationconscious capitol hilt There the determined to do nothing at once about ending the draft or speed ing discharges by to ward passage of a bill intended to spur army and navy enlistments The consternation was evident at the state department where the supreme allied commanders observation caught officials com pletely by surprise So surprised were state depart ment biewies in fact that Acting Secretary Dean Acheson let it be known publicly that he was at tempting to find out more abom the jrenerals statement Acheson said so in a written reply to a re porters question The departments chagrin stem med from official concern les MacArthurs assertion might leac to an impression abroad that this country was planning an early withdrawal from the Pacific thus leaving Japanese affairs largely in their hands This would be counter to the generallyheld belief here that the United States intended a long range occupation of Japan with little if any assistance from th major allies Hence the possibility voiced h some quarters that Mr Truman might be called upon to review the entire occupation picture and resolve any conflict in views MacArthurs occupation views helped quiet the hue and cry on capitol hill for axut in draft calls Most congressmen took the view that the indicated reduction 300000 men in the latest and most optimistic previous estimate of occupation needs would have a 2fold result Fewer inductions and more men eligible for dis charge Dream of Nylons Suffers Setback New York nylon hos scry dream suffered a setback Tuesday The National Association Hosiery Manufacturers said tha even with predicted production o 3500000 dozen pairs by Christ mas less than one pair per worn an would be available by tha time Besides that rayons are likely to be in shorter supply by th turn of the year than ever wit overall hosiery stocks lower tha DEPARTMENT LABORSHAKEUP EXPECTED SOON Schwellenbach Wants Reorganization for Settling Strikes Washington of labor Schwellenbach looked con idently to the white house Tues lay for a signal to get right quare in the xniddle of Detroits roubled work situation The signal Is expected to be a eorganization of Schwellenbachs department to designate it as the governments umpire over the multiplying labor disputes that already are plaguing reconversion The cabinet officer told reporters VIr Truman would announce the the lines Schwellenbach proposed nearly 6 veeks the presidents 3 p m news conference Tues day Although he said he was not letting quite what he asked for ichwellenbach added are going to get enough to do a job It ivas understood this would ake the form principally of au hority over labor disputes from beginning to end Schwellenbach declared that as soon as the white house announce ment comes we will get right square in the middle of the De troit situation Two major factors are involved m that automotive center 1 50000 company workers havebeen laid offbecause 6T strikes at suppliers plants 2 ClOUnited Auto Workers lave announced they will petition Tuesday tor a strike vote at all General Motors plants if the com pany rejects the unions demand for a 30 per cent wage increase Persons close to Schvvellenbach believe he went to lunch at the white house Monday intent on get ting quick action on his depart mental plans first submitted to Mr Truman on August 10 He be came labor secretary July 1 Among his requests were that he be given administration over the United States Employment Service and Unemployment Compensation Others included the national labor relations bookkeeping purposes various minor labor services now scattered through government war agencies Observers believed there would be no decision Tuesday on the em ployment service and unemploy ment compensation phases both of which are subjects of dispute on capitol hill Gen Woinwright Advocates 20 Years of Jap Occupation ti rtl GenJonathan M Wainwright says bitterly that the United States should occupy Japan for about 20 years During that time he wants the Nipponese deprived of any indus try or any business that would make It possible for them to beat their plowshares into swords The hero of Corregidor home after 42 months of imprisonment referring to the treatment he received while in Japanese prisfSn camps said One iiiirht a Japanese private struck me 5 times and then knocked me as flat as a pancake by hitting me on the jaw with his fist Studied purpose of the Japanese guards he added was to dem onstrate how superior a Japanese was to any American citizen or British subject however high his rank Hot Debate Is Due in Senate Over Unemployment Pay as House Discusses Discharges Washington if The Tuesday opened what looked like its hottest debate since the war tussle over how much to pay the unemployed The house going on with its noisy discussion of army rtis seemed on the verge of a bill to win more enlist ments by making army life more appealing Inquiring committees of both the senate and house tackled tough postwar problems That was the picture in con gress Tuesday Here is the T N Tpacked cen tral issue before the senate President Truman wants higher weekly payments for jobless peo ple The senate finance committee said no The senate must decide whether to spank its own committee and side with the president Senator George D the committee chairman doesnt think this will happen BW rty I who wants it happen ifsumaTed Tuesday that about twofifths of the 96 senators are on one side twofifJhs on the other and one fifth undecided The committee while disap proving the use of federal cash to increase weekly payments gave its blessing to certain other bene fits for the jobless including A longer duration of payments if the state government is willing Whatever bill the senate passes wont become law until after the house acts too Tuesday the house was deeply engaged in military strategy of helping the army and blasting away at its demobiliza tion policies at the same time De spite the blasting the house re fused to write into the recruitment bill any provisions forcing the army to change its rules on dis charges and inductions Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Notions Wove bf Strikes Spreads Into Oil Industry By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Fresh fuel was poured on to the nations burning labor issues Tuesday as the wave of postwar work stoppages already keeping idle some 200000 workers spread to the oil industry As President Truman prepared to step into the turbulent labor strife in the motor industry the hardest hit by the Work stoppages with some 80000 idle in the De troit area alone dissension along the rest of the countrys labor front became more pronounced CIO oil workers left their jobs in East Chicago Ind and in the Detroit area Monday and strikes threatened all gulf oil and Texas company refineries in Texas Union officials said some 30000 workers in 6 states had been alerted for a possible industry wide strike to enforce union de mands for reduction in work week hours from 52 to 40 with no cut in pay They were in Michi gan Wisconsin Indiana Illinois Ohio and Kentucky In Detroit CIO United Automo bile Workers leaders proceeded with their plans for strike votes in Ford General Motors and Chrys ler corporation plants in their fight to obtain a 30 per cent wage increase There was a similar demand In Chicago by the CIO United Farm Equipment and Metal Workers onion as it served notice on 4 ma jor tractor companies employing 90000 members A local union of the UFE called strike at a divi sion of the Borg Warner corpora tion as notice to the company that U wants a 30 per cent wage In crease for its members The work stoppages spread from California to New York and into the south but the bulk of workers were idle in varied lines of industry and business in the north central section The disputes hit many of the bigger York Chicago Detroit Angeles Pittsburgh Baltimore St Louis Cleveland Philadelphia Milwaukee Mem phis Some of the strikes anc xvalkouts in these cities affectec only small groups of workers while in others thousands were idle over labor disputes The strike at the SoconyVac uura OH company In East Chica go affected only 500 workers bu the union saidit was the first of a series that would ultimately close all refineries in the Chica go area keeping 5500 idle In the Detroit area 30 struck a the Trenton plant of Socony Vacuum and 200 at Refiners and Terminal corporation for a 30 per cent wage increase In Toledo union officials saic all refineries were expected to b on strike by Friday after a walk out by 400 employes of the Pure Oil company refinery They also demanded reduced hours from 52 to 40 hours weekly with no wage cut and a 36 hour level when re turning servicemen provide addec manpower In Port Arthur Tex union mem bers of the Texas company voice 7 to 1 last week to strike with their demands the same as asked by the East Chicago workers plus a union shop and other issues Union workers at the Gull Oi corporation refinery at Port Ar thur Tex Monday voted 91 pe cent in favor of a strike unless de mands similar to those asked bj Texas company workers are me LORD HAW HAW FACES CHARGE British Court Drops 2 Out of 3 Counts London British court re duced the treason indiciment against Brooklynborn William Joyce Tuesday to a single count hat he broadcast German propa ganda as Lord Haw Haw for 9 months while holding a British passport Justice Tucker presiding in Old Sailey threw out Z counts based upon the prosecutions assertion hafJoyce was a British subject The defense which resled with out calling Joyce to the stand held that he was a citizen of the United States that must been brought by the defense is really overwhelming Justice Tucker said That leaves us with count 3 only effective H E Stebbmgs first secretary of the U S embassy in London testified that Michael Joyce the father had been granted American citizenship and that according to American law a son born in the United States would be art Ameri can citizen at birth Patterson o Take Over Stimson Post Washington President Truman has chosen Undersecre ary Robert P Patterson to suc eed Henry L Stimson as secre iry of war This was learned Tuesday as resident Truman called a news onference for 3 p m CWT vhen he Is expected to make the fficial announcement Stimson will be 78 Friday Stimsons retirement may be ollowed by several other war de artment changes John J McCloy assistant sec etary of war also is expected to eturn to private life soon The etirement of General George C Marshall chief of staff is ex lected within weeks Lieutenant Jeneral Brehon Somervell chief of the army service forces may oon take a job in private indus ry General Henry H Hap nold commanding general of he army air forces is another vho wants to retire Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday with showers beginning late Tuesday night and becoming cooler Wed nesday o w a Considerable cloudiness with occasional thunderstorms Tuesday and Tuesday night Wednesday cloudy and thun derstorms in south and east Cooler Wednesday Minnesota Cloudy with showers Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler northwest portion Tues day night and west and north central portions Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 71 Minimum Monday 58 At 8 a m Tuesday 59 Precipitation 02 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 86 63 UAW Shows Chance for Adjustment Detroit ff Officers of th United Automobile Workers CIO indicated Tuesday they would b willing to accept temporary ad justments of their 30 per cen wage increase demand on the au tomobile industry President R J Thomas ant Secretary Treasurer George F Addcs said at Flint however tha the union would cot be satisfies in an ultimate settlement will any less than 30 per cent Addes said there would be n compromise Labor doesnt do business in the oldfashioned way any more Addes said Thomas and Addes said local of the UAWCIO were at liberty to accept wage increases of les than 30 per cent at this time bt that the International union woul continue to insist on the full 3 per cent It was pointed out by anothe union source that negotiations fo a 30 per cent increase possibl might extend over a period o months K P PATTERSON Be War Secretary Belsen Gang Shot Down Prisoners Luenebure guards at he Belsen concentration camp still were shooting down helpless in nates when British troops entered hat place of horror last April a British medical officer testified Tuesday The eyewitness story of flie lard nazi savagery came from Brigadier H L Glyn Hughes deputy medical chief of the British second army and the first prosecu tion witness at the military tria of 45 German men and women guards from the Belsen and Oswiecim camps We took steps to halt the fir ing and warned that we woulc shoot if the firing continued 31yn Hughes said in recounting the British entry into Belsen He revealed that the British found 13000 unburied bodies pile in grisly stacks inside the camp with living women prisoners lyin helpless among the dead Conditions were so horrible that another 13000 inmates dice within 6 weeks after the British took over He said Josef Kramer com mandant of the Belsen campanc the number one defendant among the45charged withthe atrocities claimed his guards were shooting the inmates because they at tempted to riot Kramer he said refused ti bother about the shooting and ap peared indifferent and callous1 to the whole affair OVERSEAS VETS GET 45 DAYS OFF Washington bacl from Overseas but destined fo more army duly now arc beinc given 45 days off instead of 30 War department officials sai Tuesday that commanders are be ing instructed to allow returnin soldiers who are not being dis charged to have 45 days tempo rary duty Soldiers now on 30day tempo rary duty who are to remain i the service will have their tim extended 15 days to provide th full 45 day period In those case they will be notified of the exten sion by their commanding officers They should not remain beyon the 30 days unless this notificatio is received OCT 15 IS SET FOR REMOVING BUILDING BANS Snyder Sets Up 6 Point Program to Hasten Construction Industry Washington Director John W Snyder Tuesday nnounced the lifting all re trictions on construction of pri homes and other buildings ffective October 15 Snyder announced a 6point rosrram designed to speed the xpansion of the building indus ry but his plan did not include eilings on the price of new i o m e s for which OPA has leaded Simultaneously the war pro iuction board disclosed that its amed order L41 will be re raked as Oct 15 It limits the uilding of stores office build ngs hotels apartments and pub ic works as well as dwellings Prime Administrator Chester Bowles only an hour before Sny ders action urged congress to au horize price limits on new dwell ings Otherwise Bowles told a sen ate small business subcommittee lome prices will go skyhigh in the biggest price boom ever Snyders C points 1 Interagency action will be aken to increase the supply of carce building materials and if icccssary to grant price and wage ncreases and priorities to break jottlenecks 2 V7TB will strengthen inven ory controls to prevent hoarding of building materials so that Duilding will not be artificiallycreated 3 The office of price adminis ration will strengthen price con rol of building materials to coun eract inflationary pressure 4 The federal credit agencies will cooperate to discourage excessive and unsound lendings on mortgages and enlist volun ary cooperation of private lend ers to minimize the danger of in flated prices due to excessive de mand 5 Representatives of real es tate building supply dealers and contractors will be called to Washington to chart a voluntary program to increase production of materials and facilities needed for expanded home construction and to fight inflated building and real estate costs 6 The national housing agency will cooperate with industry to provide advisory service on home values whether or not the home buyer obtains federal financing assistance Snyders announcement came after a meeting with William H Davis economic stabilizer WPB Chairman J A Krug Bowles and Housing Administrator John B Blandford Jr The rapid expansion of the construction industry can be the greatest single additional source of jobs In our entire economy Snyders statementsaid This was in the minds of all of us when it was agreed that L41 should be lifted At the same time we all rec ognize that to expand construction we must expand the production of building materials It is not enough merely to lift restrictions We must anticipate the bottle necks before they become serious and take prompt and active steps to increase supply of materials and assure fair distribution We also know that the present housing shortage is bound to con tinue for some time and that there may be pressure to increase the price of new homes in response to an active demand All federal agencies have been directed to use all appropriate measures to discourage inflation ary pricing on new homes This ij a problem whjch the industry it self must help to overcome A boom in prices now would have inevitable repercussions later on Krag termed the action a ma jor step in providing employment and speeding tip reconversion Krugs statement said the pro duction of construction materials would increase substantially in coming months In fact we believe that during the next 6 months production will exceed actual consumption he stated At the same time inven tories in distribution channels will be increasing slowly Bowles told the senate hearing that 10 to 15 millions persons in the nation want to build houses Bay your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy   

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