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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: September 10, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLIS THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Frtfs and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 10 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS This Paper Consists at Two Section One taper joasists ol Two Ope NO ttt MACARTHUR HITS JAP MILITARISM One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Muao City SBnday B m WOI Ames Tueidiy p m WSUI Iowa Cllr WednniUjr p m WTAD Qolncy 111 FrlOy p m KSCJ Slom City p m That Slumbering Giant Called China OLUMBERING GIANT is a term frequently applied to that sprawling stretch of territory in Asia which our geographies set down tinder the name of China In this commentary I plan to have a look at that great area on the map and dp a little speculating on the basis of the evidence at hand on what lies ahead In this we shall be dealing with a behemoth among nations In area China exceeds the whole of Europe in population China em fa races approximately of the human race United States has lessthan one third as many peo ple as China Hussia including Siberia less than half Only India compares favorably Yes China is a great nation from the standpoint of land mass and population And were told that after more than 8 years of if we want to go back to he Jap seizure of were told that this slumbering giant is waking np M that be Im as suiolng that it is is to be Chinas future role in world affairs Is she to be an influence for good or for ill Is she going to be democratic or totalitarian These are among the questions to be considered in this commen tary AND for any Intelligent kp PraisaT of Chinas future we haveto look for a mo at her long past her char aeteristics arid trends inthe im mediate past and to her perform ance in the war just ended To get a fair perspective we must have it in mind that Chinas recorded history goes back more than 50 centuries Her national existence and her organized re ligions antedate by centuries the advent of the Christian religion She was already an ancient na tion with stabilized customs when the 3 wise men followed a star which led them to a holy manger 1945 years ago The one common thread that runs through Chinas long span of history leads to an essentially peaceful attribute in her people They havent been aggressors More than once they have been the victims of aggression from the outside In these cases ulti mate assimilation of their con querors has been the rule the centuries the Chinese civilization has been centered about the home and the family rather than about a national consciousness Govern ment has been of a patriarchal character rather than following national lines It wasnt until 1912 under Sun YatSen and his peoples party that China turned to democratic concepts and showed signs of a national consciousness Consider from this point of view it can be said that China has in the 3 decades since 1912 moved ahead more than in the preceding 30 centuries But sensational as this advance toward national consciousness has been in China these past 30 years it has not matched Japans ad vance in the same field China was unable to put up much re sistance when the Japs moved into Manchuria in 1931 and changed its name to Manchukuo She had to sit more or less pas sively by Similarly in 1931 when the Japs began extending their so called Asiatic sphere of prosper ity China was forced to adopt a policy of trading space for time along Jhe same lines that Knssii was to pursue against Hitler a few years later The deeper the Japanese pen etrate into the Chinese interior Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek told his people the more they will be forced to the defensive The time must come when Japans military strength will be com pletely exhausted TTK was right the Japanese wrong The Japs as sumed that the Chinese would cave in and become submissive once her rich coastal cities were captured But that isnt what hap pened The Chinese strategy was to make occupation of these coastal cities as expensive as possible to the invader then move bag and baggage toward the vast Interior On primitive carts and on human backs entire industrial plants and Pan 2 PEARL HARBOR HIGH ON LIST FOR CONGRESS Navy Wants Postwar Fleet oi 1079 Fighting Ships MONDAY IN CONGRESS Lawmakers to pity tribute to General Wainwrighl Bouse prepares to vote on Pearl Harbor inquiry Navy wants 1079 ships in its peacetime fleet Washington con cerned itself Monday with the hero of Bataan and the if Pearl Harbor It starts the first full week of its reconversion session by for mally receiving Gen Jonathan M Wainwright and acting on a reso lution for a congressional investi gation into the military disaster of Dec 7 Otherwise on capitol hill there was talk on such diverse subjects as a peacetime navy surplus property airports wages and hours the atomic bomb and presi dential appointments The house hopes to dispose a senatepassed resolution calling for the Pearl Harbor investigation The lawmakers dissatisfied with reports of army and navy iii qujry an independ ent study by congress This was the situation on other matters PEACETIME heard Monday that the navy wants a postwar fleet of 1079 fighting 229 less than it has now The chairmen ofrthe senate and house naval Senator Walsh D Mass and Rep Carl Vinson p to introduce resolutions to permit this They added that their com mittees probably will hold off on a decision until members can study the effect the atomic and robot bombs on future warfare at the sen ale has no must bill ready for action it may be asked to con sider a measure designedto spur civilian airport development The bill following in general presi dential thinking along that line would authorize the government to spend in the next 5 years to build 3QflO new flying fields and repair about 1500 oth ers States cities and counties would have to put up the same amount of money as the govern ment WAGES AND Ailven R Vt will pinchhit for his democratic colleague Senator Pepper Fla in opening hearings on a proposal to hike the mini mum wage standard from 40 to 65 cents an hour Pepper who in troduced the bill wont be back from a European inspection trip for 3 more weeks But since Mr Truman termed the 40cent figure obsolete last week friends of the proposal want to speed it to ward an eventual vote ATOMIC Texans placed themselves on opposite sides of the fence on what to do with this secret Chairman Con nally D of the senate foreign relations committee says we should keep it to ourselves but provide the security council of the united nations organization with an air fleet capable of using the power ful new weapon against any fu ture aggressor But Rep Lyle D former army the secret should be given to the security council because it is in evitable that other nations will work out the answer Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued unseasonably cool Monday night and Tuesday Iowa Fair south portion and partly cloudy north portion Monday mucTi cooler Monday Fair and continued coil Monday night and Tuesday Minnesota Cloudy Monday night with occasional showers in north and east portion Partly cloudy Tuesday Continued cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 84 Minimum Sunday 45 At 8 a m Monday 50 Precipitation 04 VEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday At 8 a m jSunday YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 57 80 60 12 79 53 60 Quisling Gets Death Sentence T r MOMENT OF REVERENCE ASFLAG IS RAISED OVER TOKYO General Douglas MacArthur and high ranking officers of his entouragebow their heads as the chaplain tScavfhy division offers a prayer at the flagraising ceremonies in con quered Tokyo Signal corps radiophqto International Australia Reveals Cases of Japanese Barbarity London Minister DrHerbert Evatt of Australia demanded Monday that superior officers upto the sumably including Emperor Hirohito and the imperial general staff be punished for Japanese barbarity in the southwest Pacific He madethe demand in releasing Australias official Tuport to war crimes commission oh Japanese cannibalism set fire to the hut and burned them to death One soldier was stabbed in anartarturesfin theAustralian wafTone Australian newspapers reviewing the report lirged the allies to scrap soft peace terms for Japan and mete out the harshest treatment to the enemy The report charged soldiers ate flesh trom their own and American and Australian dead in New Guinea following the BunaChina cam paign in 194243 Australians who sur rendered under a white flag in New Britain were shot or bay oneted to death a few at a time in the presence of those still to die Roman Catholic priests onea Dutchman and the other an American and 2 Cath olic nuns were bayoneted to death in a New Britain village about Aug 19 1942 The bodies of the nuns were naked when found American prisoners were dissected and their livers re moved while they were still alive in the Kokumbona area of Guad alcanal in the latter part of Sep tember 1942 the middle of the back while he was still tied to other Australians and had his thumbs tied behind him Others tied to him were stabbed about the same time Japanese standing over him when he fell stabbed him another 6 times in the back and were about to walk away when the soldier who was holding his breath could do so no longer One Japanese then stabbed him troops killed up to 59 natives and 36 Australian sol diers without justification or ex cuse at Milne bay New Guinea in 1942 Many including women natives were subjected to fright ful mutilation and some were used for bayonet practice while they still were alive Eyatt said the report taken in conjunction with the American statement on atrocities released last week strengthened the con firmedpolicy of the Australian government that there should be no immunity for trial for war crimes for any Japanese whatso ever Evatt said the Australian report was based on the testimony of 500 witnesses and was prepared by Sir William Webb chief justice of Queensland tor the war crimes commission Webb said that the New Brit ain massacres occurred at Tol and Waitavalo following Japanese landings at Habaul in 1942 Some 150 Australians surrendered under a white flag At Waitavalo the shooting or bayoneting was carried out in the presence or hearing of those still awaiting their turn who either saw the actual killings or heard screams as bayonets were driven home Webb said victims were bayoneted from behind about the kidneys One of the victims was mo tioned by the Japanese to go into the jungle and was bayoneted there His screams were heard by the others and then a Japanese soldiercame out of the jungle wiping blood from his bayonet with a cloth At this frightful spectacle one of the Australians next in line tried to escape but was cut down with a sword by a Japanese offi cer who then shot hint in the head with a pistol Two victims badly bayoneted in the stomach succeeded in reaching a hut but some days litter were found by Japanese who anothehr4 times once through the ear the point of the bayonet corn out out through his mouth and severing the temple artery The Japanese then pulled some leaves over him and the other Australi ans with him and left Eventually he got up and man aged to reach the beach about 30 yards away and bathe himself in the sea Finally he met other Australians Tha scars of the men who es caped are consistent with their evidence Estimate Corn Crop for 1945 at New High Washington agricul tural department Monday esli NORWAYS NAZI TRAITOR FACES FIRING SOU AD Quisling Can Appeal But Court Cannot Reverse Sentence London Oslo radio announced Monday that Vidkun Quisling had been convicted of charges of high treason and con demned to death The pronouncing of the sen tence by the court that tried Quis ling for cooperation with the Germans during the occupation of Norwaywas broadcast direct from the courtroom Under the new law legalizing the death penalty in Norway the sentence will be executed by a military firing squad composed of 10 soldiers firing 10 bullets Under the law Quisling can ap peal to the supreme court xvhich can commute the sentence but cannot reverse it The presiding judge at Quis Imgs trial however was Erik So lem who also is a supreme court justice and thus one of the group which would pass on any appeal Unless Quisling is held for pur poses of giving evidence in other war crimes cases it is likely the execution will be carried out within 3 weeks Quisling 58 was major in Nor ways prewar army and a for mer defense minister The pros ecution during the 3 weeks trial accused him of meeting Hitler Grand Admiral Arich Raeder and month ago at 2844478000 bushels Production last year was 3228 361000 bushels and the 393443 average was 2433060000 bushels A wheat production was fore cast a month ago at 1146283000 bushels The crop last year totaled 1078647000 bushels and the ten year average was 789080000 bush els GIS RETURN ON US VICTORY New North lov other high German officials in De over Norwegian defense data Corn production was forecast a the Germansand on the day of the invasion April 9 1940 it was charged he went to the govern ment offices and personally tele phoned certain garrisons and gave instructions not to resist the nazis It was through his agency that German troops were intro duced into Norways harbors in the holds of coal and freight ships the prosecution asserted Thus undermined Norways de fense quickly collapsed After Germany had taken pos session of the country Quisling cooperated with the Germans in a policy of deportation and op pression that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Jews and ui iiunoreos oi jews and lork following was charged worth lowa soldiers were due to Throughout Quisling contended arrive on the U S Victory in harI he cooperated with the Germans bor here Sept 7 lo avoid a worse fate for his ccun bor here Sept 7 Albert L lloinr Aldcn Pfc C Miles 3tason City T5 MaTnard B naydock Iowa Falls Second Lt Frederick P Patton Clear Like Set Robert R Reisler Allison Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy try In his final plea he declared he stood before the court as Quisling the patriot During the trial experts who examined Quisling declared him sane though they said there were unusual elements in his mental makeup U S Gives Wainwright Hero V Welcome Washington gaunt Gen Jonathan M Waimvright back for a heros acclaim told his cheering welcomers Monday that Americans should learn 2 lessons from the tragedy of Bataan In the future he said the U S should 1 Be firm with those truculent men the Japanese 3 Be prepared so that never again will American soldiers be forced senselessly to suffer ment and starvation It was Wainwright day in Washington His airplane settled down at National airport at a ro and there after more than 4 years of wait and worry he met his wife Kitty As the plane rolled in eager nervous Mrs Wainwright ran for ward hands outstretched The general gave her a genuine smack one he had saved up for 4 years Mrs Waimvright wept with joy Gen George C Marshall chief of staff was there and so was CORREGIDORS HERO Jonathan Wain wright bareheaded greets his sister Mrs Frederic Mears in an emotional moment as the hero of Correjridor returns to the U S at Hamilton Field Cal Mai Gen H C Pratt is at left and Brig Gen L C Beebee at right AP many another war department bigwig Wainwright was erect and cleareyed although still weak from the long months of impris onment He carried a cane hut used it only a little indicating his strength is rapidly returning He gave no indication that he was bothered by a toothache which he had treated in Omaha during the night Then came the procession through flaglined streets with their cheering thousands All gov ernment workers were giventime off for the celebration as Wash ington cut loose with its promise to make this the greatest celebra tion in its history The days climax came when Wainwright addressed an im mense crowd in the mall near the Washington monument No humane person could de sire that the Japs should be forced to endure what many o our men went through Wain Wright declared But he added I know that Americans will insist that the fnil meaning of Japans surrender be brought home to erery abject ol the emperor These truculent men roust be forced to realize the folly of their ambitions Until the Japanese people dis play sincerely a desire for peace ful ways we must not abandon our watch Wainwright recalled those hope less helpless Corregidor days when we anxiously scanned the skies for the relief that did not exist iTHEN SfVND the change of fortunes of Vid kun Quisling whose name be came a synonym for traitor are these pictures of the man who was Norways premier during iiazi occupation Top photo shows Quisling while he en joyed a position of power under nazi protection and bottom Quisling as he looks today FARMER BURNED IN FUEL BLAZE 12 Year Old Son Saves Livermore Mans Life Dacken 30 farmer near Sexton is in a critical condition in a hospital here with 2nd and 3rd degree burns xvhich he suffered in a tractor blaze Sat urday Had it not been for his 12year old son Billy Dacken xvould have burned to death in the field Dacken had rented a farm If miles southwest of Livermore and he and Billy had gone to the place to do the fall plowing When the tractor fuel was seen to be running low Dacken stopped the machine but did not turn off the motor He poured gasoline into the tank with a funnel then car ried the can back a short distance When he returned to the tractor he discovered the gasoline had run over the funnel and onto the manifold causing the liquid to ignite In his efforts to correct the trouble he spilled some gasoline on his clothing and this also ignited He started to run and in his flight threwoff his jacket but his other clothing continued to burn Billy ran after him caught him and threw him onto the plowed throwing dirt onto him finally extinguishing the flames Dacken was taken by his son to a neighbor who drove him to Livermore for first aid He was later taken to Algona where i1 was found there were severe burns over most of the body Reports from the hospital Mon day stated it was doubtful if he could recover CLAMPS DOWN ON JAPANESE RADIO PRESS Sparks Fly in Korea Over Retaining of Japanese Officials Tokyo MacArthur struck Japanese militarism a death blow Monday ordeiing the imperial general headquarters abolished and simultaneously clamped a press and radio censor ship on the beaten empire As supreme commander be Is iued a directive that the head quarters must dissolve by Sept 13 General headquarters was set up n 1940 a few months before Fear Harbor to coordinate army and navy activity While the occupation of Japan moved smoothly sparks flew in Korea over Mac Arthurs policy of retaining Japanese officials in of jce In a proclamation MacArthur ld the Koreans the purpose of he occupation by 7th infantry di vision units was to enforce the nstrument of surrender and pro tect them in their personal and religious rights Until further orders all public officers and persons engaged in essential services in Korea were directed to perform their duties as usual and to this country long dominatedby the Japanese the general called for active com pliance The blow at the Japanese gen eral staff will erase the last sym bol of Japanese aggressiveness It was the tactical organization of the entire military setap Even as this order was issued by MacArthur Japanese demobil ization was already well under wayandtrains loaded with hun dffds of unarmed soldiers and naval personnel in the homeis land were on their way home MacArthur found time Monday to visit the General hospital at Yokohama where he talked with liberated American prisoners from Bataan Corregidor and else where Many patients stiffened to mili tary attention as they recognized their old chief but MacArthur motioned to them to remain at ease MacArthurs time table for the occupation of Japan disclosed that additional elements of one marine and 9 army divisions would be in placeby Oct 23 The censorship for Japanese press and radio pledged there would be a minimum of restric tions on freedom of speech It was contained in a directive issued to the Japanese government As a re sult overseas broadcasts from Tokyo radio stations were re ported by American public rela tions officers to be off the air Koreans demonstrated in Seoul Keijo and termed it a slap in the face when Lt Gen John R Hodge whose 24th army corps landed at Jinsen Saturday pro claimed that Japanese administra tive officials would continue in office They had expected quick freedom from the Nipponese Hodge after accepting surren der of southern Korea the Rus sians control the northern half quickly explained that the Japa nese governorgeneral and his staff would remain in office only to carry out American orders and would be allowed no independent action Vice Adm Frank Jack Fletcher and his north Pacific naval forces accepted Japans surrender of all northern Honshu and the north ernmost home island of Hokkaido at Ominato naval base Sunday Japanese were ordered to disarm and to continue their civil admin istration Patrol boats and carrier planes circled alertly pending tha arrival of occupation troops One More Case Brings Total of Polio Cases to 17 in Mason City An additional case of infantile paralysis was reported to the of fice ol the city health director Dr C M Franchere Saturday aft ernoon bringing the total num ber of cases thus far in Mason City to 17 it was announced Mon day morning The latest victim of the diseas was a 6 year old boy Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy End of Meat Ration Seen By Oct 1 Washington end of all meat rationing by October 1 was seen as a possibility by some ra tioning officials Monday although no date has been set Office of price administration officials satd the decision woald be made by agreement with the agriculture department but one government spokesman said If supplies look good by the end of the month rationing will go OPAs action Saturday night moving all limits on the slaughter of livestock was taken in expecta tion of heavy runs of cattle to packing houses It was accepted generally as indicating a possible early end of rationing   

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