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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 6, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCV v HISTORIT AND ARCHLVCS I N f 3 1 A VOL U Aivjcjjted Pita and Unlltd Press Full teaud CITY IOWA THUHSPAY SEPTEMBER 6 1915 PCT maasg 01 TWO StcUonsSetuoo jg5 TRUMAN ASKS TO KEEP WAR POWERS GFs Reconnoiter in Tokyo HISTORJJfFLAG WILL FLY OVEj JAPAN CAPITA llth Airborne Lands on Okino Shima as Marines Take Uraga General MacArtburs Headquar ters Yokohama UPJ Advance parties of the U S first cavalry and llth corps reconnoitered Tokyo Thursday locating quarters for the main occupation forces who will enter Saturday Friday TJ S time and raise the famed American flag that flew overthe capitol on Pearl Harbor day Simultaneously with the entry of Gen Douglas MacArthurs bil leting parties marines and units of the llth airborne division were making a rapid and unopposed oc cupation of Tokyos outlying areas The llth airborne landed troops on Okino Shima in Tokyo bay Thursday and found the island deserted and stripped of all forti fications detachment of the fourth ma rine regiment took over 2 small naval bases at Uraga where the Japanese had a garrison force of 122 officers and several thousand men There were no incidents as the band of 125 marines moved in and disarmed the Japanese American troops were still pour ing into Japan by sea and air building up an occupation army that MacArthurt headquarters said oivould eventually number more than250000men TX Elements of the nth airborne still werebeing landed from trans port planes on Atsugi airdrome southwest of Tokyo and the 27th infantry division was expected to follow shortly alsoby air Headquarters said the llth air borne would be moved to the Sendai area on the northeast coast of Honshu about Sept 15 by land air water and afoot AUout Sept 22 the 27th will oc cupy Niifata prefecture on the opposite coast northwest of Tokyo after which the llth and 27th will pass under control of the 14th corps The American division is due in Yokohama Within the next few todays and the 9thcorps and 81st infantry divisions will land in the Apmori district on the northern up of Honshu about Sept 17 The 77th division will land on Hokkaido northernmost of the Japanese home islands late in September or early next month and the famed Bushmasters of the 158th regimental combat team will follow later Mac Arthurs headquarters offi S ciallyannounced that allied occn I pation forces for Japan will consist of 18 army divisions in addition to f a service air force and navy per sonnel The bulk of the occupation forces will be American with some other allied troops included head quarters said Headquarters also announced that a total of 7000000 Japanese troops will have been disarmed and demobilized by Oct 153 000000 inthe home islands and V 000000 in Nippons erstwhile Greater East Asia Coprosperity Sphere x WeatherReport FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued warm Thursday night Friday considerable cloudiness and cooler with probable thunder showersHighest temperature Thursday afternoon in mid 90s Iowa Generally fair and hot Thursday Partly tinued cloudy Thursday night and Friday Widely scattered thun 1 dershpwers in west Thursday night and central portion Fri day Cooler in west and cen tral portions Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day and Friday Occasional thundershowers north and west portions Thursday night and in southeast and extreme east por tion early Friday Cooler north west and extreme west portions and entire state Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday so Minimum Wednesday 65 At 8 a m Thursday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 45 Precipitation 12 YANKS READY FOR TOKYO OCCUPATION Shaded areas are those in the Tokyo section now occupied by Amer ican forces m preparation for their taking over the Japa nese capital Friday Underlined cities are those the Jap radio will be occupied beforethe Americans moVe into Tokyo AB wirephoto map Survivors of Houston Tell Story of Sinking riTaTAntffi f11 Calcutta Survivors given up for dead revealed Thurs day that the American cruiser Houston which vanished without trace after the battle of the Java ses wassunkil nesetasfr force with 5loss rasS crew Of 3fiS survivors who reached Javas beaches and TV ere captured oy the Japanese 220 were sent to fiurma where 69 died along with 62 other American and 20000 al lied prisoners of war laboring in the steaming sun on construction of thl BurmaTbailariJ railroad remainder of those rescued from the Houston were sent to Japan as technicians and havent been heard from since The Houston group of survivors and members of the 131st Texas National Guard field artillery captured on Java flown into Calcutta from Thailand Wednesday Most were gaunt and holloweyed and suf fering from malnutrition One out of every 4 of the 475 American soldiers and sailors working on the railway project died One officer estimated that the 131st which was only one week out of Pearl Harbor when theJapanese struck had left one fourth of its 256 survivors buried beside the deep cuts and steep grades of the railway They lay mixed among the graves 150000 Thai and Bur mese slave laborers who were also worked to death by the Japanese Houston looks still survivors with dazed on their faces sat clean beds in the 142nd general hospital Thursday and helped clear up one of the wars major mysteries by elling of the gallant cruisers last fight After the battle of the Java sea which took place between Feb 27 andMarch 1 Hous ton and the Australian light cruiser Perth disappeared while trying to escape through Sunda strait at the west end of Java Lt JG Harold S Hamlin Jr of Orlando Fla who Was a line officer aboard the cruiser told how the Houston and Perth were trapped by a vastly superior Jap anese surface force The Perth was destroyed an hour after the running fight be gan and then the Japanese war ships brought all their guns to bear on the doomed Houston Hamlin said The Houston died rallautly and refused to give up the fieht But within a short time flames and internal explosions made it impossible for the cruiser to con tinue the action and those of her crew who could found safety in the on rafts or in life belts Men of the 131st had as proud a story to tell as those of the Houston Landing in Java they were pressed into service as ground crews servicing the famous 19th bomb group which escaped to the Philippines They kept the only American flying Fortresses in the Pacific flying for 3 months Over 100 of those already res cued from both outfits pieced to gether a story of beatings starva tion and bad treatment which riv alled the worst horrors of Bataan Army Reduces for Pacific war de partment has decided to send to the Pacific only 3 6 combat di visions alerted to go Acting upon he recommenda tion of Gen Douglas MacArthur Ihe department cancelled rede ployment orders for the 2nd 8th and 95th infantry divisions The 86th and 97th infantry di visions and the 13th airborne divi sion still will be redeployed The infantry units are at sea enroute to Japan Members of the 13th are on furlough and will assem ble early in October at Fort Bragg osr enlisted men in the 13th with 45 discharge points as of May 12 those 37 years of and those 34 to 36 inclusive with a year of service will be screened out before departure Iowa Lahor Federation Reschedules Canceled Convention on Oct 13 Sioux City Iowa fed eration of labor will hold its pre viously cancelled state convention here Oct 15 it was announced Wednesday night at a meeting the trades and labor assembly The convention set originally for Aug 7 was cancelled when the office of defense transporta tion rejected an application for travel privileges John Schoen assembly secretary explained More than 450 delegates are ex pected to attend the meeting Former lowan Sues Son of Caliph for Cruelty in Divorce Hollywood UR Mohammed AlRashid son of the last Caliph of Islam Thursday was charged with extreme cruelty in a di vorce suit filed by Princess Pareshah AlRashid redhaired onetime Iowa divorcee Mrs AlRashid 27 who mar ried the 52 year old prince a year ago asked custody of their baby daughter Princess Habria 3 Week Old Strike of Paper Carriers Ends St Louis Blagdon managing editor of the St Louis StarTimes and spokesman for the St Louis Newspaper Publishers Association said Thursday the 3 weekold strike of newspaper car riers hasbeen settled but that re sumption of publication of the citys 3 daily papers will oe de layed further pending negotiations of a new contract with members of a typographical union U S SHARE IN REPARATIONS IS SMALLEST OF 4 Neutrals Are Asked to Freeze German Assets for Inventory Berlin share of P The American German reparations it was predicted by financial experts Thursday is likely to be the small est of any of the 4 occupying pow ers The Americans eventual rec ompense from the defeated enemy is expected to be about 5 per cent of that of the soviet union about ot Britains and somewhat less than that of France despite an Intensive search by United States agents for a treasure trove of con cealed German assets abroad es timated at slightly over 1 billion dollars The first major United States proposal before the allied control council is a decree which would vest ownership of all of Ger manys external property in the council This is deemed necessary before direct action can be taken to seize German assets in neutral countries The decree is still un der discussion Neutrals have been asked to freeze and inventory such assets According to preliminary Amer ican estimates the Germans have cached assets of 5989667000 among 5 neutrals Switzerland is believed to have The remainder is distributed amdug Argentina Spain Portugal and Turkey In addition possibly another is secreted in Sweden American interests in uncover ing all ot Germanys foreign hold ings is acute because these offer what Is described by financial ex allies the fornfin real Unlike the other United States shows little desire to obtain physical resources from Germany American officials here do not believe their country can make economically worthwhile use of raw materials virtually none of which are not produced also in the United States Indus trial capital equipment agricul tural equipment and livestock forced labor or merchant and naval shipping The soviet union at the other extreme spreads its removals over all of the above categories Of 14 or 15 United Nations seek ing to share the reparations from the western occupation zones most could use anything and everything as do the Russians 1050 Released From Forces During First 5 Days of September Des Moines John Wuigley state veterans employ m e n t representative for tha United States employment serv ice Wednesday received 700 no tices of honorable discharges to lowans bringing the number re leased from t h e armed services during the first 5 days of Sep tember to 1050 Quigleys office was notified ot the discharge of 2037 lowans be tween Aug 15 and Aug 30 Blue Asks for Study of Commitment Laws tions since the present situation at Eldora indicates that there are a few young men confined there whose criminal tendencies are adult The governors announcement followed by a few hours the an nouncement that O S Von Krog recently suspended superintendent of the Eldora state training school for boys had resigned David Mc Designation The board chairman said Von Krogs salary which is 83000 an nually plus mamtenance will continue until Sept 17 because he has earned a Z weeks vacation Meanwhile the superintendents verbal suspension as head of the school where the recent escape of 225 inmates touched off slate and county investigations stand McCreery said Von Krog met with the board of control in a 2hour session here Wednesday Others attending the session were P F Hopkins and E H Carlsen and McCreery of the board and Robert Larson assistant attorney Von Krogs resignation elimi nates any hearing McCreery said Von Krog was suspended Mon day after a conference of Governor Robert D Blue and state officials directly connected with the El dora situation Itwas explained that he had been suspended rath er than discharged because that would give him the rigbito de mand a hearing if he desired Monday night Von Krog de clared he had not been given a chance to defend himself but would do so in court After Voii Krogs suspension Col Percy A Lainson warden of the state penitentiary at Fort Madison was named by Gov Blue as acting warden at the Eldora in stitution with full authority to takeany corrective action that is necessary Lainson reported Wednesday that a grading system for inmates and a merit system for guards would be instituted in an effort to improve conditions at the school He said he also was preparing a set of rules for the school a print ed which would be given each inmate and employe At Fort Dodge a movement was underway meanwhile to install Fred N Cooper high school vice principal and athletic coach as su perintendent at Eldora Wainwright Was Slapped Stripped by Jap Guards in War Prisoner Camp San Francisco ing allied officers including Lt Gen Jonathan Wainwright were slapped beaten and forced to strip publicly at a Japanese pris oner pf war camp on Formosa a returning prisoner Mai commander of the 31st division ivas confined at 3 war pris oner camps with Wainwtisht said Albertv BL joiiin and other including Geu A E Percival British commander at Singapore had been stripped in parade and slapped in public We were forced to pray 3 times a day to the emperor and bow to Jap privates and civilians Jones said I saw Skinny Wainwright beaten by a Japanese sentry He hit him repeatedly with the flat of his hand and knocked him back on his heels The incident occurred Jones said at a special camp for high ranking officers at Karenko where he andWainwright were confined lor 10 months in the summer of 1942 to June 1943 That was the last time I saw Wainwright until October at Beppu on the east coast of Kyu shu he said We then were moved to Manchuria via Korea Our next camp was at Chens Chai Tuiis about 200 kilometers northwest of Mukden Manchuria Here none of us was mistreated but we received so little food we were too weak to work and re fused to do so We refused to dig air raid trenches Wainwright and some of the higher ranking officers and diplomats were sent elsewhere I and some others were transferred to a camp in Mukden for the low er prisoners Jones said he was told 19 pris oners were killed at the northern Manchuriancamp by an Ameri can air raid just before he ar rived He said he believed the Americans had been misled by Japanes e Jnlprman ts into believ the was inriircraft as sembling plant 20 Japanese Hurt in Truck Collision Briddyviile Jap anese were injured 2 seriously when 2 trucks carrying Japanese and German prisoners of war col lided on highway 71 just inside the Missouri border Wednesday W HGreen Clearmont Mo xvho witnessed the accident said the truck carrying Japanese pris oners overturned Two guards also were injured slightly The Japanese were from the Clarinda Iowa prisoner of war camp Judge Has Hard Time Entering Courtroom Chicago unidentified woman deputy bailiff lining up a group of jurors preparatory to entering a court room saw an eld erly man step out ot line and enter the room She directed him back in line but he protested he had business in the courtroom He had to explain he was Judge Oscar Hebel a vet eran of 28 years on the bench recently reassigned to superior court after 15 years on the appel late court Ruth Sheehy Dies of Polio at Iowa City Ruth Sheehy 16 sophomore in the Holy Family Catholic high school died at oclock Thursday noon at Iowa City from infantile paralysis She was taken there Monday following a 2 day illness in Mason City The death was the 2nd reported from infantile paralysis in Iowa to date No new cases of infantile paralysis were reported in Mason City Thursday the figure remain ing at 16 for the total number re ported here Surviving Miss Sheehy are her mother Mrs John Sheehy 117 N Monroe avenue aril 4 brothers Ted and Thomas Sheehy Mason City and John Sheehy Crows Landing Cal and James Sheehy Great Lakes both in the navy and 4sisters Sister Marie Sean Mil waukee V7is and Mrs Harold Holmes Mary and Joan Sheehy Mason City She was preceded in death by her father in 1939 Funeral arrangements are in complete The Meyer funeral home is in charge Senate Votes for Probeof Pearl Harbor Washington IP The senate voted unanimously Thursday for a joint congressional inquiry into the Pearl Harbor disaster Action came on adoption of a resolution which Senate Demo cratic Leader Barkley Ky said he offeredwith the full approval of President Truman The resolution now goes to the house Barkley told his colleagues Speaker Rayburn had promised speedy consideration there Under theresolution the inquiry would be made by 5 house mem bers named by the speaker and five senators appointed Senate TennO President McKellar Six of the 10 would be demor remainder minority crafs the members A report to congress on the find ings would be required by next Jan 3 Barkley told the senate the in vestigation should be made so complete and so fair that no per son could doubt the good faith the report and the findings of those who make them The inquiry he stated should not be conducted io aid or dam age any political party nor to debauche the escutcheon of any innocent man It should not be conducted with the purpose of gratifying tlie mis anthropic hatreds of any person toward any present or past public servant high or dead he said Most of his listeners low living or thought Barkley thus spoke indirectly to critics who have sought to blame the late President the disaster Roosevelt for Iowa Cityan Promoted Washington ol CoUman Erwin Yudelson Iowa City Iowa from the rank of lieu tent colonel to colonel was an nounced Wednesday by the war department Yudelson has been serving in the general staU corps Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette ierl RISING SUN HAS SET 3rd largest city in the a shambles today and the Japs Una no sympathy from their conquerors American serv icemen now in the capital city of the Nips homeland reaJizo the devastation was the only answer to the ques tion of whether the Sons of Heaven would rule the world or not Bent and twisted masses of steel are practically all that of Tokyos main railroad station left while one of the citys most important war assets its backyard was virtually obliterated by the mighty B 29s Ihe mmams of the factories houses and machinery in this section of the Japanese capital are shown in the photo at right OUTLINES PLAN FOR TAX SLASH FULLTIME JOBS Says Home Front Controls to Prevent Reconversion Chaos Washington JP president Truman called upon congress Thursday to keep his war powers m force for the reconversion emergency as he laid down a 21point legislative program It included limited tax cuts next year and proposals to achieve full employment Mr Truman told the legislators assembled for their first peace time session in 4 years that the war will not be over on the home front until its economic impacts have been eased Hence he Nsaid proposals to abolish wartime controls by de claring the war officially at an end would lead to great confus ion and chaos in government The 16000word message which Mr Truman sent to capital hill promised a lifting of controls one by one as fast as possible But it cautioned that their overall abandonment would leave the chief executive powertess to pre vent bottlenecks shortages of material and inflation The time has not yet arrived the president asserted for the proclamation of the cessation of hostilities much less the termina tion of the war Needless to say such proclamations will be made as soon as circumstances permit Xemperiagr his warnings with expressions of confidence Mr Truman declared that prompt and vigorous congressional and ad ministration teamwork can naber in an era of unprecedented pros perity A vast backlog oforders may soon make possible the greatest peacetime industrial activity that we have ever seen the president said adding at another point In this victory over our enemies abroad let us re solve now to use all our efforts and energies to build a better life here at home and better world for generations to come Recommending immediate en actment of a transition revenue bill to provide limited tax re ductions for the calendar year 3946 Mr Truman stressed that the reductions should aim prin cipally at removing barriers io speedy reconversion and to the expansion of our peacetime econ omy He emphasized that the S6B000 000000 the government expects to spend during the fiscal year will exceed anticipated revenue 530000000000 and added We must reconcile ourselves to the fact that room for tax re duction at this lime is limited A total war effort cannot be liqui dated overnight Mr Truman expressed hope congress would follow the transi tional bill with one to modernize the whole federal tax structure This he said would encourage business incentives and expansion consumer buying and stimulate poiver Other provisions of the 21 point program included a request for enactment of a vast public works program endorsement of the so called full employment bill and a suggestion that senators and representatives raise their own salaries from the present 000 to a year Mr Truman said he would have recommenda tions later for a national health program and an expanded social security program The president who left Ihe reading of the message o con gressional clerks apparently be cause of Us length renewed his request for continued drafting of men Ig through 25 for 2 year periods Such inductions are ne cessary he said to supplement the voluntary recruitment program to Keep occupation forces up to safe levels The chief executive likewise reiterated an appeal for legisla tion to extend unemployment compensation coverage to federal workers and others not now cov ered and for federal contributions to provide temporary maximum weekly payments up to a week for 25 weeks in every state Asserting that the present 40 cent an hour minimum wage pro vided in the fair labor standards act has become obsolete the president recommended that it be substantially increased to a level which will eliminate sub standards of living and assure the maintenance of the health effi ciency and general wellbeing of workers He too that it be extended to cover workers en gaged in agricultural processing In appealing for continued war time powers to resist price and wage increase pressures Mr Tru man declared The American people are en
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