Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF AHO Afi I THE NEWSPAPER THAT ited Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 5 1945 This Paper Cotuistl o Two One MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS REVEAL FACTS ON JAP ATROCITIES MacArthur Gets Tough With Japs as Tokyo Occupation Nears BEATEN NATION GETSORDERFOR VAST FACILITIES 1st Cavalry Prepares for Occupation ol Top Japanese City Yokohama occupation of Tokyo will begin Saturday Friday TJ S The V S first dismounted cavalry division first Into Ma nila where it liberated Santo To mas internment camp last Feb ruary will enter the bombshat tered capital city then General MacArthur is expected to move his headquarters from Yokohama to the United States embassy building in Tokyo about the same time The supreme commander of the allied powers announced plans for the first cavalry movement Wed nesday shortly after he issued a farreaching directive which drove home to the full Impact of defeat on Japan The directive demanded forth with all for swiftly dis arming Japans war machine and ordered the beaten nation to place vast facilities at the call of stead ily enlarging occupation forces LI Gen Robert 1 Eichelberger whose 8th army ill occupy Hon shu north of Yokohama and all Hokkaido island said all Japa nese troops will be disarmed by Oct 10 In his area which embraces Eichelberger expects to bat divisions 130000 troops by that date He estimated the initialoccupation of Japans 4 islands wduld require between 300000 and 400000 troops Occupational strength equal to that of Eichelbergers 8th prob ably will be concentrated on South Honshu and the southern islands of Shikoku and Kyushu by Gen Walter C Kruegeis 6th army Elements of his 32nd divi sion landed from ships and air transports Tuesday at the south end of Kyushu taking over Ja pans Kamikaze suicide staging base at Kanoya airfield and a strip of Kagoshima bay The southern half of Korea is to be occupied by yet another American force McCain Says Japanese Are Not HalfLicked Peart Qarbor Admiral John S McCain commander of famous task force 38 declared the Japanese are not halflicked and suggested drastic remedies to correct the situation McCain on his return from surrender ceremonies iii Tokyo bay declared bluntly Tuesday it might help to kill them all painfully short of being accusedof torture He said that Japanese officials who signed the formal surrender terms Sunday aboard the U S S Missouri looked at American offi cers the way a man you when hes going to hit you The surrender ceremony had all the pageantry and color you could imagine the carrier war rior said They couldnt have found a man better than Gen Douglas MacArthur for the part He was particularly impressive when he ordered the Japs to step forward and sign McCain appeared weary but he was in an affable mood Well if anyones in doubt about who won the of the atomic bomb I can tell them it was the fastcarriers he said McCain said that between May 28 and Aug15 his fast task force shot down or destroyed on the ground 2400 Japanese aircraft and destroyed or damaged 274 Japanese ships not counting lug gers The Japanese probably had 7 000 to 8000 operational aircraft left at the surrender he said Much money and labor were ex pended in building disposal strips running through the hills and woods of the home islands but American photographic pilots found them out Reveal Youth Wounded in EldoraRiot Eldora Percy A Lainson acting superintendent of the state training school for boys YANKS RETURN FROM OVERSEA New York r the Marine British Begin Occupation of Singapore Singapore troops at Singapore Wednesday and occupation of this one time bastion of the British em pire which was surrendered to the Japanese Feb 15 1942 The Japanese in apparent vio lation of the surrender terms had set fire to the oil tank farmat Fort Dickson A huge column of smoke was observed there day from the troopships enroute to Singapore Troops of the fifth Indian di vision went ashore Wednesday morning without opposition and marched past tamed Japanese sentries and cheering allied pris oners of war still behind barbed wire Prisoners in a camp nearthe quay pressed against the wire and roosted nvthe rees cheering their liberators An arriving Australian recog nizing some of his countrymen shouted Hello you beauties At first observation the dam age to the harbor appeared slight although some redflagged super structures in the harbor indicated sunken victims of Superfortress raid The reoccupation which will include the Johore causeway leading to the mainland of Ma laya began a day ahead of sched ule Raven due at New York harbor this week were the following north 1st Lt Marie T Quelland Iowa Palls Sgt James P Preftakes Mason City 1st Lt Lois H Stewart Ayr shire Cpl Kenneth J Roethler Al gona Howard J Hemmestad Bode Pfc George McBride Marble Rock Southern Minnesotans on this ship were Pfc Lyle H Domek Fairmont Sgt William P Ha worth Worthington Maj Peter A Leuther Man kato said Wednesday Kenneth Wor rick 14 Fort Dodge youth who escaped from the Fort Dodge jail July 3d with the aid of 2 teenage girls was wounded slightly after he participated in a mass escape from the training school last Wed nesday An unidentified farmer in the vicinity of Fort Dodge fired at lira presumably with a shotgun he warden said adding ttiat A ittle pellet struck the youth in the back Lainson said 11 of the boys still vere at large Sheriff J E Davidson reported Wednesday the recoxery of 5426 stolen from the Wililam Rutzen farm northwest of Hubbard which he said had been taken by unidentified escapees from the school The money was found hid den in a mattress at the Hardin county jail where 6 inmates of the school Were being held It also was revealed Wednesday that representatives of the state bureau of criminal Investigation spent mbre than 2 hours Ins closed session with O S Von KroeK suspended superintendent of the school Agents of the bureau said Von Krog was given a chance to defend his administration of the institution All declines to discuss Ike matter further Meanwhile Lainson who is serving in a dual capacity as war den of the statepenitentiary and acting superintendent of the train ing schoolwas studying the menus which have been in effect at the school Better food ivas ordered for the boys after Lt Col Dunvood W Moss commanding officer of stale guard units on duty at the school termed existing menus inadequate A 7 man Hardin county grand jury meanwhile was hearing tes timony of witnesses as Its inves tigation of conditions at the school got under way Gets Death Sentence Amsterdam A special Netherlands war crimes tribunal issued its first death sen tence Tuesday condemning J Breedvelt of Delft to die on i ARMY HINTS AT NEW SLASH FOR POINTPROGRAM May Cut Discharge Points to 45 and Age Limit to 34 Washington JP The army hinted broadly Wednesday that it expects to discharge within a year all enlisted men 34 and older as well as those who had 45 points up to May 12 It dropped the hint in an an nouncement which said men in those categories no longer will be sent overseas On capitol hill meanwhile the house military committee resumed its study of ways to step up at once enlistments in the regular army The reason So inductions between now and next May 15 can be held to a minimum The draft law expires May 15 and committee members have all but abandoned any plan to kill it off before then The a r m ys announcement Tuesday night was issued it said because the occupation Japar is going on as scheduled Except for about 1000 men it added there will be no more overseas shipments for soldiers who 1 Have 45 points or more based on the May 12 original computation 2 Are 37 years old 3 Are 34 35 or 36 and have a year of honorable service It was estimated there are abouti665000 men in this coun trycovered by those 3 points The iwar deportment sjidiithat laid downthenew to eliminate sending overseas men who would have less than one year to serve before becom ing eligible for discharge The exceptions were made in the case of enlisted men in mili tary government units now sched uled for early movement to the Pacific to help in the occupation and enlisted men assigned to Plan Erosion Meeting Niobrara Nebr U S army engineers hearing on the need for navigation and erosion control in Nebraska and South Dakota will be held htre Sept 27 Sioux City Former Mayor Dies Suddenly Sioux City Stew art Oilman 68 Sioux City busi ness executive and former mayor died unexpectedly in his sleep at his hotel apartment Tuesday For the last few years Oilman had made his home in Winter Park Fla but made an extended visit to Sioux City each summer Gilman was elected mayor of Sioux City in 1924 and in 1926 and once was president of the League of Municipalities headquarters of the 7th and 18th corps also scheduled to sail soon However in the case of those exceptions none will be sen overseas providing he has 60 o more points is 37 or is 34 to 36 inclusive with one year of hon orable service All men no longer subject t assignment overseas the army said will be screened out of unit beinp redeployed to the Pacifi and none will be sent as replace ments There have been com plaints from soldiers of severa divisions scheduled for Pacifi duty after service in Europe However the 86th division nl ready is at sea and will continue Likewise a of the 97th divisio except one battalion is on the way The remaining battalion will b screened to eliminate men fallin in the new categories Men in the new categories wh now are in the Pacific area or i Europe will remain abroad unt they are eligible for discharge o can be returned sue in Europe will not be sen to the Pacific TIGER OF MALAYA READY TO SIGN SURRENDER Tomoyuki Yamashita erstwhile Tiger of Malaya and commander of all Japanese forces in the Philippines sits at the surrender conference table at Baguio P I ready to sign capitulation of all Japanese forces in the Philippines AP wirephoto from signal corps radiophoto from WAKE ISLAND IN US CONTROL Japanese Commander Salutes US Flag Guam island ws back under the stars and stripe Wednesday and the last 13900 Japanese in New Guinea Nc Britajn New Ireland and th Solomons will surrender Thur day It was at Wake 2000 miles xve of Hawaii that 385 American ma rines made an epic 14 day stan against the Japanese at the ou break of the Pacific war Their artillery silenced the planes destroyed and facing over whelming Japanese forces ashor the marines on Dec 22 194 flashed their famous last messag to the United States The issue is in doubt Seventyfive American ma rines and seamen from destroyer escorts Levy Greer and LeHardy went ashore on Wake Tuesday to avenge that defeat They ran up the American flag at p m Wake Time while the Japanese commander pnd his staff stood at attention and saluted AGAIN SO Japanese guards in the Ofuna prison camp near Yoko hama bow as Luther P Johnson of Portland Me and Ensign John Chapman of Los Angeles Cal prisoners until Japan capitulated carry their bacs from the camp to freedom AP Houston Survivors Reveal of Jap Torture of surikerr U S S Houston and members of the 131st Texas na ional guard field artillery regi ment liberated from Japanese rison camps in Burma told hor rifying stories Wednesday of the death of 20000 out of 56000 allied nisoners bfl starvation disease and fantastic cruelties More than 3500 were declared o have died on a death march of nearly 140 miles in Thailand The survivors said the total number of prisoners included 133 Americans who were members of their groups Lt Epy E Stensland of Salinas al said his outfit was captured March 8 1942 on Java after the Dutch commander capitulated He estimated 400 men were captured and said 64 died in the prison camp he was in The prisoners said it had been fully authenticated that 7000 convalescent allied prisoners in Thailand were taken by the Jap anese on a purported trip to a rest camp but in the death march of almost 140 3500 died miles more than Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy The men were restricted in the telling of their stories to what they themselves experienced and saw AH said they were Kiven slink ing rotten food most of the time Some men ate cats dogs and snakes Others told how Ihe diet of sick prisoners was reduced because food was for the fit but the prisoners secretly fed the sick The men said they wereforcec to perform heavy labor and were beaten with gun butts sticks arid fists if their failing strength slowed down their pace or they failed to speed up their guards wanted to get through early Our morale never got low Stensland said We griped a lot but we kept our sense of humor The Japs gave us no medical sup plies but there was a Dutch doc tor who saved a lot of our boys with only the tools his trade He had a scalpel a stethoscope and a little mallet to test reflexes Many of the men developed tropical ulcers especially on the legs from malnutrition It was necessary to hold down the patient while the doctor cut away the in fected flesh sometimes to the bone It was tough but it saved lives In the rainy season the men died tike flies of malnutrition dys entery and other diseases but there were not many Americans among them Our guards were Koreans ig norant cruel men who if you failed to salute them required us to stand at attention while they slapped us I was kicked by them For minor infractions we were required to stand for hours in the sun without a hat The most in human punishment I saw was when a Dutch soldier was forced to kneel with a stick in the bnnd of his knees then squat far back on his heels If he eased his posi tion he was beaten until he re sumer the posture 16 Cases of Polio Here The number of cases of infantile aralysis in Mason City stood at 16 Wednesday it was announced at the office ot the city health di rector Dr C M Franchere One additional case came to the attention of the health director since of a IS months old baby who it was stated was be taken to the university hospital at Iowa City DCS Moines the number of cases of infantile pai alysis reported to the state de partment ot health is running a little ahead of last year only one death has been recorded from the disease this year and that was previous to July 1 Dr Carl F Jordan director ot the health department division of preventable diseases in saying the number of cases was greater this year said 79 cases were reported to him up to Sept 1 compared with fi4 for the same period of lasi year In August this year there were C8 cases reported compared with 48 cases in that month last year Dr Jordan said that in 1940 the disease was most prevalent of re cent years and in that year there were 174 cases in Iowa Tough Issues onvSchedule for Congress Washington dozen 1s ues freighted with controversy Vednesday faced a congress re urning for its first peacetime ses vork this week beyond receiving presidential message probably WAINWR1GHT TO GET 4 STARS Washington Tru man Wednesday nominated Lt Gen Jonathan Wainwright re cently liberated from the Japanese for promotion to the rank of star general Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Generally fair Wednesday Wednesday night and Thursday Widely scattered local thunder showers in northwest and ex treme west Continued warm Minnesota Generally fai Wednesday night and Thursda except widely scattered loca thunder showers southwest por tion late Wednesday night an in extreme northwest portion lat Thursday af ternoon I i 111 change in temperature IN MASON CITY Mason City weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 87 Minimum Tuesday 65 At 8 a m Wednesday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 56 ion since 1941 Neither house scheduled any BRUTALSTORIES OF JAP PRISON TORTURE TOLD 150 Americans Are Burned Bayoneted in Philippines Washington AP Japa nese troops captured an American flyer forced to par achute into the sea off New Guinea They beat him with sticks virtually all that day throughout the night and until 3 oclock the next after Then while the troops screamed wildly a Japanese civilian named Inouye hacked off the Americans head with 6 slashes of a The state department told about that incident and others like it Wednesday in a report it would not issue during the war for fear the Japanese would increase their butchery and shut off all ship ments of relief supplies to allied prisoners Secretary of State Byrnes ob served with restraint at his news conference Tuesday that the re port was not a pretty story The guilty will be punished war crimes will be prosecuted in Japan just as in Europe Byrnes pledged The report told protests against mistreatment of prisoners sent to the Japanese government through Swiss intermediaries by former Secretaries State Hull and Stetlinius Undersecretary Acheson and former Undersecre tary Grew An example On May 19 GreV asked the Swiss to tell the Japanese gov Thursday The senate planned to recess Wednesday in respect to the mem iry of the late Senator Hiram ohnson RCalif who died dur ng adjournment The house ex acted to quit for the day after rearing a few speeches Legislative leaders will learn rom President Truman the prob he considers most urgent But whether he mentions hem all at this time his Capitol lilt lieutenants know that ppace s bringing them even tougher is sues than they confronted in war As the situation stands here is low these stack up PEARL Many legis ators want their own investiga ion Even democrats are unsatis ied with the army and navy re 3orls But they are not likely to et an inquiry develop into a fish ing expedition by the republicans against the late President Roose velts war record ATOMIC Congress is afraid this country has opened a pandoras box of destruction Its generally willing to do anything possible to control future produc tion but it is undecided whether the secret should be given to other nations TAXES There is general agreement on Capitol Hill that some downward revision in rates must be made soon But if secre tary of the treasury Fred M Vin son sticks by his guns the revi sions will be slow in coming and relatively small Federal spending has to go down the majority of members agree DEMOBILIZATION Legisla tors are in a dilemma Families of fighting men want them out and quick Families of teen agers dont want them policing foreign lands Best guess is that congress will let the draft rock along for a time while volunteering is tested put off a showdown as long as pos sible The house military commit tee is at work on a bill to encour age volunteering PEACETIME Legisla tors hope Mr Truman will have a solution that doesnt involve conscription possibly an enlarged and modernized national guard In any event there will be a stiff fight against compulsory military training EMPLOYSIENT A national ernment the United States was profoundly shocked over the brutal massacre on Dec 14 1944 of 150 American prisoners of in the Philippines The Incident Japanese guards forced the 150 Americans into tunnels used as air raid shelters The guards then emptied buckets of gasoline into the tunnel en trances and threw blazing torches into them Screaming victims who rushed from the shelters were bayoneted or machinegunned The guards threw dynamite charges into the tunnels to take care of the icans left inside About 40 got out and hurled themselves over a 50foot cliff on to a beach Shore sentries and landing barge gunners shot some The Japanese captured others and buried them alive One they captured after he had tried to swim out to sea They prodded him with bayonets poured gasoline en both his feel and set fire to them They mocked derided and bayoneted him until he collapsed Then they poured gasoline over his body and watched flames devour it Such barbaric behavior on the part ot the Japanese armed forces is an offense to all civilized peo ple Grew told Tokyo In matic language he demanded that the Japanese promise not to do it again In a note dated March 10 Grew protested treatment of 750 Amer ican prisoners crowded into a Japanese freighter which was torpedoed and sunk off the Phil ippines on Sept 7 1944 The prisoners starved thirsted and suffocated for nearly 3 weeks When the ship was torpedoed they were machinesunned by Japanese guards acting on orders of a Lt Hosimoto as they floun dered about in the sea Other guards threw hand gre nades on the Americans trapped in the holds of the vessel The Japanese recaptured 29 prisoners from the sea took them to another ship in lifeboats shot them and threw their bodies back into the ocean There were less violent cases Many messages protested lack of sanitation food medical supplies and clothing One told how 2 Americans picked a papaya from a tree in their prison camp to re lieve their hunger planning act is likely to be passed But republicans will fight any commitment to deficit spending The for 26jAveeks unemploy ment compensation bill appears dead but a watered version may give coverage to federal employes and maritime workers Japanese Mess Hishitoni broke the left arm of each man with an iron bar as punishment Another message said the United States had intercepted orders of Japanese military authorities or dering the outright murder of in dividuals surrendering or cap tured
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.