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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: August 24, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 24, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A NO DES WOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOt 11 Aiwdattd Pran United VuU Wliu MASON CITY IOWA FBIDAY AUGUST 24 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS ThSj Fapez Consists ot Two OM NO JAPS FEAR RUSSIANS MBS MITCHELL wife of former AllAmerican tackle of the University of Min nesota will represent Minne apolis Minn in the 7thannual Mrs America beauty contest at Palisades Park N J Sept 5 lijTO PARTICIPATE IN JAP Adral Theo 8 i dore F Wilkinson task force commander of the U S 5th fleet will participate in the landings on Japan AP ivlre 3 GREAT BRITAIN LAMENTS FINISH OF LENDLEASE Attlee Says Sudden Ending Puts Britain in Serious Situation London Minister Attlee told commons Friday the sudden end of lendlease put Britain in a very serious finan cial position and former Prime Minister Churchill said he could not believe that this was the last word the United States Attlee said the British govern ment had hoped that lendlease would not have ended without prior consultation In response Churchill now leader of the opposition declared he could not believe the United States would proceed in such a rough and harsh manner as to hamper a faithful ally who held the fort while their own Ameri can armaments were prepared Attlee cautioned members of the house to exercise utmost res traint within and without the chamber in commenting on the situation and Churchill agreec that a debate now might he detri mental to national interests Churchill called Attlees statemen very grave and disquieting The prime minister disclosed that Lord Halifax British ambas sador to the United Stales during the wartime coalition government bad been inviled to return to Washingtonto nesrliate the finan cial arrangement YnMoh Mill suc ceed lendlease Attlee said President Trumahs directive cancelled all outstandini lend lease contracts andiprpvidet tnat curedunderrt imist now be pai either In cashor negotiated credi arrangements We had not anticipated tha operations under the lend lease ac would continue for any length o time after the defeat of Japan h said but we had hopped the sud den cessation of this great mutual effort would not have been ef fected without consultation and prior discussions I The prime ministersaid Brit ains overseas outgoings on the eve ol Japanese defeat were equivalent to an annual expendi ture of about 8 billion dollars in cluding essential food and other nonmunitions supplies which we must now pay for Churchill in response to Attlee exclaimed I cannot believe that this is the last word of the United States I cannot believe that so great a na tion whose lendlease policy was characterized by me as the mast unsordid act in the history of the world would proceed in such a rough and harsh manner as to hamper a faithful ally who held the fort while their own Ameri can armaments were prepared Attlee said there was an indica tion of a possible limited range of lendlease lor military purposes of lendlease from the United States and mutual aid from Canada and the accumulation of sterling by sterling area countries has been an integral part of the war organization of the allies Railroad Seizure Climaxes Dispute RECONVERSION AT A GLANCE More butter cheese canned milk in sight Railroad seizure climaxes labor dispute Airline priority system may be eased Return to Standard Time ahead Washington sighted more butter cheese and canned milk they were jolted by strong action on the abor front The government seized a as in wartime President Truman ordered government operations ot the Illinois Central in order to prevent a strike Strangely the sudden action came at a moment when the presi dent reportedly was preparing to issue an order paving the way lor return of other properties seized during the war Thus the tides reconversion rolled in both directions at the same time But normal living rolled in several ways It appeared as though the average American s6on would 1 Get evaporated milk without ration points 2 Get more butler and cheese 3 Get a seat on a plane with out a priority 4 Turn his clock back one hour io Standard Time Secretary of Agriculture An derson said in a radio address Thursday night it should be pos sible to end rationing pE evapor ated milk soon And he predicted an early increase in butter and cheese The army is discussing with airline officials a proposal a1 most to eliminate the priority system for air travel Fewer pri orities would mean that more ordinary passengers would have a chance Mr Truman gave the word on possible return to Standard Time He said he will ask congress early inSeptember to abolish war time and Jet the states again have and clocks within their borders Mr Truman also ordered all federal workers hack on the pre war 40 hour week This will hap pen before September 9 unless an agency finds itwill seriously hamper essential work The government now holils about 25 plants which it seizee from private owners in wartime These include Montgomery Ware properties in 7 cities the Toledo Peoria Western railroad and thi Goodyear Tire Rubber com pany at Akron The order now being drafted in the while house is understood tc proyjde a method by which thi properties can be restored to thei original owners There is no as surance however that all o them will be returned at once Former Mayor Dies Clarinda H Dav idson 53 former Clarinda mayor died here Thursday Davidson an attorney was a past president o the Southwest Iowa Bar associa tion former American Legion comrnandar and a lieutenant col onel in the state guard V Buy your tWar Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazetJ carrier boy Aaron Ward Survives Hits By 6 Jap Suicide Planes 2200 Ton Destroyer Returns From Pacific Tour After Battle New York from the Pacific under her own power on one engine and one propeller has come the destroyer minelayer Aaron Ward which took aboard Japanese suicide planes in 52 minutes of hell off Vhen it was over at dusk last May 3 this little 2200ton can ol the Pacific fleet lay dead and smouldering She listed 8 degrees to star ward her main deck was 5 inches out of the water Engine spaces were flooded All power was gone Nineteen crew members were dead 6 dying 49 seriously wound ed 20 blown overboard never to be found The after battle dress ing station and sick bay were in ruins Flames cast a giow for miles but of Emperor Kanr Teh above Ja pans puppet ruler of Man chnria and his imperial suite has been announced by Mar shal Alexander M Vasilevsky soviet commander Discharged From Army Among those receiving army discharges at the separation cen ter at Jefferson Barracks Mo Was Pyt Leonard H Weiss of Charles City the only one from this part of North Iowa Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday night and Saturday Slightly warmer Fri day night Iowa Fair Friday through Satur day Slightly warmer Friday and in northeast Friday night Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday night Saturday fair slightly warmer extreme sou theast cooler northwest Friday night slightly warmer north portion Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 77 Minimum Thursday 48 At 8 a m Friday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 45 SIGN OF TIMES Omaha Nebr if Sign in Henry Grabois tavern window Please Come in and buy a ot cigarets Dont Forget The waste paper drive starts in Mason City Saturday morning at9 oclock Mag azines papers and scrap are to be placed neatly bound on the curb Boy Scouts will make the house tohouse canvass Paper is needed the only ships in sight were 3 littl landing craft one of which wa damaged Wounded sailors dragged othe wounded sailors acrossthe dec and passed out sulfa drugs pen cillin and plasma by flashlight an battle lantern glow Japanas planes were still in the sky an gunners were at their station blazing away all sick from g fumes The skipper Cmdr William 1 Sanders Jr of 3421 jjerbert St San Diego Cal looked down from the bridge on the struggle again fire and death and decided io trj to save the ship Some of th wounded were transferred to nearby LCIs Fires were brough under control the charred mi was taken in to the Keram Rotto emergency base for emer gency repairs and then proceede OB her own power to the Brook lyn navy yard where she is no undergoing repair CHINESE REDS HIGH COMMAND STILL DISAGREE Both Claim Capture of Important City But Plan Peace Talk Chungking VP Conflicting laims to the capture of Kweisui apital of the inner Mongolian rovince of Suiyuan were made y the Chinese high command and Chinese communists Friday Official communist sources said TseTung communist leader had accepted Generalissimo Chi ang Kai Sheks invitation to send a representative to Chungking to seek a peaceful settlement of Chinas internal political situation Communist headquarters at Ye nan in Shensi province said cpm nunist forces entered Kweisui 280 miles west of Peiping on Aug 18 and were forcing puppet Mon golian troops nominally under Japanese command to surrender The communique was dated Thursday The Chinese high command Fri day said Gen FuTsoYi Chung icingappointed commander in Su iyuan took Kweisui Aug 20 The communique did not say whether the town was captured from the Japanese orfrom the communists Reliable reports a few days ago said tbere had been clashes be tween Chungking regulars and communists in the area The communists said they also had cut the PeipingTientsin rail way in Hopeh province occupying the important railway station ot Yangtsin B0pjelJjr oadca s t from by the FCCsaid 50000 Tfenan troops also were ad vancing against Tsinan in the northern coastal province of Shan ting while theChungkingap pointed governor of Shantung with1 5000 troops was attempting to occpy Tsinan from tue east Outer Mongolian der overall soviet were reported by Tokyo to be continuing activities around Changpeh in Charhar province just north Kalgan and IfiO miles northeast oE Kweisui Mongolian gate to Peiping They also were reported to have reached Kupeh kow at the great wall east of Kweisui and just 80 miles north east oE Peiping Official communist sources saic Mao had named Gen Cbou EnLai as his representative in the Chungking negotiations For the sage of unity Mao was quoted as saying I appoin Gen Chou EnLai to go to Chung king Please accept him as my del egate and discuss matters with him The communists had rejected a previous invitation from Chiang to send representatives from Yenan to Chungking to discuss their dif ferences with the national govern ment The Yenan loaders have been demanding among other things a full share in surrender negotia tions with the Japanese and re portedly have disregarded Chiang instructions to refrain from tak ing any independent action Tokyo Radio Says Atomic Bombing Toll Is Mounting By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Tokyo Radio said Friday that radioactivity in Hiroshima blasted by an atomic bomb was taking a mounting death toll week after the day of the attack and that in the 14 days following the rail he death toll had mounted from 30000 to 60000 The broadcast recorded by The Associated Press said serviceme working in the area ot reconstruction a week alter the attack wei 61 red aid White cor puscles j Investigations in the cify showed radioactivity caused by th ission of uranium used in the atomic bombs is taking a toll of mount ng deaths and moreover is ing persons engaged in recon struction work in Hiroshima to suiter from various sicknesses and 11 health Tokyo broadcasts have been referring repeatedly to the atomic HIT BY 6 JAP SUICIDE steel litters the deck of the minelayer USS Aaron Ward after she was hit by 6 Jap suicide planes off Okinawa Twentyfive were killed 17 are reported missing and 41 were wounded in the 50mmute action The ship is undergoing repairs in the New York navy yard Brooklyn N Y AP MASON C1TYANS ARRIVE FRIDAY Six Mason City servicemen were listed among arrivals on the Wes Point due at Newport News Va Friday according to an Associate Press announcement rcccivei here Named were James E Die cr 109 Madison N W Pfc Charle E Richardson 821 South Federal Pfc Charles F Smith 3319 Penn sylvania N E Floyd Arbuckle 803 Virginia S E Pfc Willie W Funk 1609 Delawar N E and Harlan M John son 2006 Massachusetts S E MORE SOLDIERS EN ROUTE HOME New York to arriv in New York harbor Friday wa the Fayetteville Victory carryin the following North lowans S Sit M Forman Emintliliar Kermit T Hrndrickion Occorah Southern Minnesotans on thi ship were T Sfft John II Skor Albtrt LM Pic Alfred F Salisbury Minkalo PvU F Smllh riDeilonr WHAT CHINA PLANS TO areas are those Chinese at Chihkiang have told Jap surrender envoys China will occupy They are Suiyuan and Chahar provinces in the Inner Mongolian section of northern China and Jehol province in Manchuria Japheld Formosa Liuchow penin sula Hainan and northern IndoChina and the Hong Kong Canton area Pointers show cities to which Chinese troops may be flown before Japans formal surrender Domb raids on Hiroshima and Nagasaki possibly in a bid for world sympathy The broadcast said Although the war has ended the spectre of death hangs over the remaining citizens of Hiro shima In an investigation made 3 days after the atomic bomb hit Hiroshima it was reported there were 30000 dead and 160000 in jured out of a total population ot 250000 Two weeks afterward the death toll had mounted to 60000 and is continuing to rise The majority ot the injured persons received burns frora pow erful ultraviolet rays from the atomic bombs and those within a 2 kilometer 1V mile radius from the center of the bomb explosion received burns 2 or 3 times Those within 3 to 4 kilometers about 2 miles radius of the bomb received burns to the ex tent that their skin turned bright red but as these burns were caused by ultraviolet rajs they hardly felt the heat at that time Two hours later however blis ters formed resulting in dropsy Although abundant medical supplies were rushed to the scene of the disaster and treatment unsparingly given the victims the death list continued to grow daily It is recalled following the atomic bomb raid on Hiroshima an American radio broadcast said Hiroshima had been turned into a place where all living creatures cannot exist for 75 years It added that to send scientists to investi gate the damage caused by the atomic bomb would be suicidal Examination of 33 servicemen of whom 10 had received burns while engaged in reconstruction projects one week after the bomb ing took piace showed those with burns had 3150 white corpuscles and the others who were appar ently healthy had 3800 Com pared with ordinary healthy per sons who have 7000 to 8000 white corpuscles this is a drastic de crease On the other liand the service men with burns had only 3OG500 red corpuscles and the others ap parently healthy 3094000 which when compared to the 4A to million red corpuscles of an ordi nary healthy person is again a extreme shortage This shows no one can com pletely recover from injuries sus tained from the atomic bomb Deployment Timetable Paris UR The redeploymen schedule for American division in the European theater Friday 30th INFANTRY On the hig seas 35th INFANTRY Main body en route from France to the Unite Kingdom 137th DIVISION On the hig ECUS 13th AIRBORNE On the lug seas 45th INFANTRY 179th an 180th regiments will shuttle England around the middle next week 157th regiment sai directly home from Le Havre 69th INFANTRY Entering tl Le Havre staging area Friday wi shuttle to the United Kingdom early September shipment horn There were no changes in tr status01 ofher divisions alerted for shipment to the United States The I4th Armored and 17lh Airborne Divisions are bypass ing the assembly area command and moving directly to Marseille for shipment to the United States by Sept I The 103rd Infantry should reach Le Havre by Aug 31 and the 63rd infantry and 6th armored by Sept 9 The 3th Armored Division reaches Camp Atlanta at Reims by Sept l the 9th armored is due at Camp San Antonio the 70th infantry at Camp St Louis the 99th infantry at Camp Norfolk and the 106th infantry at Camp Oklahoma City all by Sept 1 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Pacific War Fronts By UNITED PKESS Tokyo charged that a submarine presumably Hus S1an sank 3 and possib y 4 ships oft northern Japan Wednesday and appealed to Gen Douglas MacArthur to halt such attacks Japanese government announced allied forces would make air and seaborne landings on southern Kyushu beginning Sept 1 Russian armies after completing liberation of Man churia rolled on toward port of Fusan at southern tip ot Korea rKo complained Japanese civilians and disarmed troops becoming violence in Manchuria Inner Mongolia and communist war communique reported communst lorces seized Weihaiwei naval base on Shantung penin CHUNGKING Chinese ni u Stationand rice town accepted Chiang s bid for conference at Chungking communist COMPLAIN REDS NTEND LANDING N HOME ISLAND Typhoon Threatens to Delay MacArthurs Arrival Near Tokyo BULLETINS London troops con irtued their drive in Korea Fri ay following the conquest of lanchuria and occupied Z ports alf way down to Korean penin iilii the soviet communique an ounced Manila MacArthur nnouuced Friday that an anted occupation party would and in Japan Sunday to prepare he way for the main forces which vIH arrive 2 days later Manila complained o Gen MacArthur Friday that Russia intended to land airborne ccupation troops in the northern Host home island ot Hokkaido as typhoon threatened to disrupt he supreme commanders own cheduled arrival near Tokyo Tuesday Simultaneously units of Japans powerful home army began dis arming under the emperors com mand to cease hostilities at once without waiting for the articles of urrender which will te signed aboard the battleship Missouri in Tokyo bay Aur 31 Tokyo radio also announced without confirmation here that the southern home island of Kyu hsu had been marked for occupa tion by allied troops by Sept 1 The message to MacArthur 011 the purported Russian movesaid the announcement had come from what route it did not say Should this report prove true it continued it would be greatly regretted by the Japanese govern ment which is doing its best in order to fulfill all your requirer ments by placing the army and navy forces and civilians under strict control The report from imperial head quarters was worded as if the Russians were acting without Mac Arthurs knovlcdge adding It is earnestly hoped that the armed forces of the allied powers will enter Japan according to the plan as has been notified by the headquarters of the supreme com mander of the allied powers Another message said Wednes days big blow had blotted out radio communications with China and that Atsugai airfield 20 miles southwest of Tokyo where the supreme commander is sched uled to land muddy The Japanese said the rains have rendered it difficult for air planes to move about except on paved runways on which the land ing of medium bombers or me dium transport plants is pos sible MacArthur had planned to set at least 350 3engined transports and Liberators down on Atsugi bearing 7500 heavilyarmed troops in the first wave of the cupation forces However the Japanese did not suggest or request a postponement of the landings The Japanese also ocean trans mitting the names locations and number of personnel in the pris oner of war camps One heard by the Associated Press monitor list ed 10 camps in Nasoya area with 2812 prisoners The largest had 60S men Cessation of all hostilities in Manchuria Sakhalin and other areas where Japanese forces are in direct contact with allied arm ies has been ordered by Emperor Hirohito MacArthurs headquar ters were informed by Tokyo ra dio Orders have been issued to cease hostilities as soon as local negotiations are concluded without waiting until the date ol cessation prescribed in the imperial com mand said another message to MacArthur It added that all hos tilities ended in Japan proper Wednesday morning and garrison troops in the Kurile Islands dis armed themselves The northern sector of southern Sakhalin was reported as quiet since a local ceasefire agreement was reached Aug 18 Directions permitting the open ing of direct telephone and tele graph circuits between MacAr thurs headquarters in the Tokyo area and Japanese imperial head quarters were issued to the Japa nese by the supreme allied com mander He ordered wire circuits turned over to him that will permit direct operation of international radio cable telephone and broad casting facilities of the Japanese and its affiliated government agencies   

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