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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa fit NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 16 1915 Associated Press Untttd Prg full CHINA Chungking IS Pacific Ocean JAPAN What Japan tain PHILIPPINE JAPANESE RISE AND PALLMapS detail stages in the rise and fall of the Japanese empire the extent of Japanese gams during the war their holdings when surrendernego tiations began and the approximate area allowed them under the Potsdam surrender terms See Cut in Income Taxes After January 1 Several May Not Have Tax cans seem Iflceljf to get a cut itf their income taxes after Jan 1 Perhaps several million will have to pay no income taxes at all next year Congress is coming back Sept 5 in a taxcutting mood Some of the bestinformed tax experts in Washington think areduction in personal income taxes will be en acted before ad ministration approval If the cut isnt too drastic The expected reduction prob ably would be only moderate for most taxpayers The man earning a lot of money would have a smaller percentage cut off his taxes than the fellow making S35 a week People in the lowest income group would be the ones whose income taxes might be wiped out entirely A survey of congressional ana other tax authorities Thursday produced the following picture 1 No tax reductions are likely on 1945 income The expected cut would be felt first in smaller pay roll deductions starting Jan I It would not affect the filing of 1945 income tax returns next March Jo 2 Federal taxes on such items as alcoholic beverages furs lug gage jewelry theater tickets cab aret spending and telephone calls will drop back down automatical ly to 1942 rates 6 months after the official termination of hostili ties The hitch is that technically this termination does not occur until the president or congress so declares There is no indication yet when such a declaration might come 3 The 95 per cent excess profits fax on corporations is sure to be killed Nobody loves it now The only question is whether to do it next January 1 or later The size any reduction in the personal income tax will be set tled in congress maybe a knock down fight The house ways and means committee plans to whip together a tax bill this fall although there wont be time before Jan 1 to corer every phase of the subject The administration certainly will oppose any drastic slash in the in come tax for next year But there are strong signs the administra tion will not oppose a moderate example repeal of the normal tax This normal per cent of net to be called the Victory tax It was original ly passed as a wartime measure and at that time had a provision for automatic termination The treasury opposed the victory tax In the first place If the normal tax were re pealed what is known as the surtax would be the only in come tax left A man with a wife and one child earning 53000 a year would see his tax drop from S311 to S244 Thats a cut of over 20 per cent If he earns 54000 his tax would decrease from to 18 per cent If he earns 55000 the tax would change from to 16 per cent On an income of say the reduction would be less than 10 per cent To put it on a weekly basis a man with a wife and one child earning up to around a week would see his withholding tax disappear If he makes a week his withholding tax would drop from S130 to 60 cents If he has an in come of a week the tax would decrease from to 5330 in come of from S860 to in come of from to 51320 Iowa Wild Nut Crop Shows Sharp Decline Des Moines is than 10 per cent of the normal crop of wild nuts In Iowa this year except for hazel nuts which were reported abundant in many southern sections the state con servation commission said Thurs day a survey indicated Although utilization of wild nuts by lowans is limited in most areas the commission said many species ot wildlife are dependent upon a normal production each year Game officials were espe cially concerned with the winter survival of timber squirrels of which there is an abundance this year hit the commission said has been the walnut but ternut and acorn production with few reports indicating better than 25 per cent of the normal yield and many reporting a complete absence of these nuts over ex tensive sections of the state Buy War Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Thursday night with occasional showers Friday partly cloudy Not much change in tempera tures I o w a Considerable cloudiness Thursday and Thursday night with scattered thunderehowcrs m west and central portions Thursday and in most of state Thursday night Friday partly cloudy with scattered thunder storms in easL Slightly warmer Thursday and in cast Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 78 Minimum Wednesday At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 40 59 61 JAPANESE DELAY ENVOYS Use Caution in Reconversion Washington The pattern for the vast reconversion task ahead took clearer form Thurs day It was bordered on all sides by official warnings that lessons learned from WorldWar I must be heeded Top of f icials are using the na tions 19181920 experiences to explain why price and wage con trols will be kept although many other restrictions have been wiped out They are saying a serious in flation soaring prices could wreck the bestlaid reconversion plans of industry and govern ment days alter victory homefront situation took on this shape The country has its instructions Government agencies have issued their policy statements Industry has a green light to produce in unlimited quantities All sorts of wartime controls are1 crumbling The consuming public threw its gasoline coupons and blue ration pointsin the wiste basket Peeple knew a little better where they were bound and what the goals were And through it all ran solemn statements like these From Reconversion Director John Snyder The greatest single danger to an orderly re conversion lies in the threat of inflation We cannot and must not repeat our folly after World War I From Price Administrator Ches ter Bowles After World War 1 economic fumbling delayed order ly peacetime reconversion for more than 2 years From Stabilization Director William H Davis We cannot af ford to risk an unstable ruinous economysuch as we had after tffe last war Then Davis broadcasting Wednesday night with Snyder and other officials recalled what happened after Armistice day in 1918 Price controls were dropped In the next few months as industry shifted there was a short lull Prices saffjred The danger of in flation seemed over Workers with new peacetime jobs rushed to stores to spend their savings There werent enough goods Storekeepers and manufacturers started a wild scramble to buy everything they could Prices skyrocketed Then came the collapse People couldnt pay the high prices Prices crashed Bankrupt businesses numbered 110000 Jobless people numbered 5500000 More than 400000 farm ers lost their farms Snyder terming the nation at the crossroads urged manage ment labor farmers and govern ment to work together with the same spirit that enabled them to win the war Were shooting at a standard of living for our people as a whole that will be 50 per cent higher than we or any other people hare ever had the reconversion chief declared I believe we are at the thresh old of one of the greatest eras that mankind has ever known It is ours to take hole of What we do with it is up to us Here are some ot the latest de velopments The war production board said it will cut its 400 controls down to 40 by next Monday Announc ing its reconversion program WPB opened the gates to unlimited pro duction of autos refrigerators washing machines and the like It also gave the signal for industrial construction to begin Controls on scarce materials and on inventor ies will remain temporarily Make Inquest Audubon inquest has been called in an automobile ac cident 5 miles north of here Tues day night in which James Law 57 a farm worker was killed His automobile apparently collided with another vehicle his news Thursday that 1 The draft will continue to take jounr men to rep WPB WILL LIFT President Will Recommend fll I RIIT Jin nt Training Plan HLL DUI 4U Or 400 CONTROLS Way h Opened for Unlimited Output of Civilian Goods By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Officials cite last wars end to justify continued controls WPB to lift all but 40 of 400 restrictions by Monday Way opened to unlimited out put of civilian Government of Nanking to Dissolve By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese broadcasts saia Thurs attacks in m riv f added that the people had yS Wednesday sians to cease their Manchuria However the Chungking radio said in a broadcast recorded by the FCC that the commander of be a holiday He Yusuji OkaSuta had Stated that 1j he was awaitlnK more detaled Instructions in repjy to General issimo Chiang KaiSheks orders for surrender The FCC reported that the an nouncement of the Kwangtung army appeal for an end to Man chunan hostilities was recorded m New Delhi The Russians an had and Discussing foreign affairs gen erally the president said there had been talk at the Big 3 meet ing in Potsdam of the Korean situation and it was his belief that the Cairo declaration which ulti carried out There was rio talk at the Pots dam meeting he said of the future fate Hongkong British crown colony seized by the Japanese early in the war Jap Balloon Found Near Charles City Floyd County Sheriff B F Atherton disclosed Thursday that one of 7 Japanese balloons found in Iowa was by a farmer 3 miles southeast Charles City on April 10 this year It was the only one of its kind found beinc made of a thinrub ber material instead of paper It was intact and inflated when the farmer found it The farmer tried to pull it by hand to his home and failing in this he hitched a caterpillar trac tor to it and tore it badly Sheriff Atherton was called and he took the pieces to his office placed them in the vault and called FBI officials who came here and took the pieces Atherton said the balloon had been dragginr the ground and that there were ropes attached which In all probability carried the bomb which had been lost in dragging He said the balloon had a tail atlached of paper and sticks A thorough search was made for the bomb which has not been found The balloon was about 15 leet in diameter and 20 to 30 feet in height when inflated HUNT FOR JAP BALLOON BOMBS Ssattle windwafted bomb carrying balloons Japan sent to America may keep search ing parties busy long after the last shot is fired in the Pacific authorities believe The problem now they said is to prevent injury or damage from bombs still undiscovered Under consideration is a plan to send search parties to the scene of each bomb find and have them work back over the assumed bomb route aided by meterologi cal data on prevailing winds Approximately 230 were found during the war scattered from Alaska to Mexico How many might have fallen unnoticed their bombs unexploded cannot be guessed A night of hundreds was sighted off the Aleutians during the San Francisco united nations conference but not one was known to have reached shore Boy Drowns Burlington Thomas E Kent 17 drowned in the Mississip pi river Wednesday while swim ming with a group of boys on a Messiah Lutheran church outing aatmtg aUpyUl 4 Called the full bill must legislation now that millions soon will be jobless 5 Announced he will call a conference of capital and labor as soon as congress reassembles 6 Said the war labor board will continue as long as it is needed 7 Disclosed that this govern ment is discussing with the Brit ish a Jewish national state in Pal estine 8 Expressed hope that congress saiu xnurs witl cooperate in developing day that the Nanking puppet gov atomic energy for peacetime uses ernment of Japaneseoccupied lhe president reiterated that China had decided to dissolve and VJ day will not come until the that Emperor Hirohitos Kwaii Japanese surrender is officially tung army appealed to the Rus signed That surrender wont be complete he added until an es timated 2000000 Japanese lay down their arms Designating Sunday as a day of prayer the president said V army would continue operations until the Japanese surrendered their arms and ceased resistance A Domei dispatch date lined Nanking recorded by the Asso ciatedPress said the puopet re gime was dissolving because their mission was ended Domti said a special commit tee will carry on the administra tion in the interim period to main tain peace and order until the new government lakes over the administration Wang ChingWel 62 who be came president and premier of the and was succeeded by Chen KungPo former president of the Nanking legislative council ROUTE OF SURRENDER EN Douglas MacAr thur has ordered the Japanese envoy for surrender negotiations to leave the Sala Misaka air drome in white unarmed plane marked with Z green crosses and carrying a document em powering him to receive the requirements of the allied su preme commander The plane will be met at le Shima near Okinawa by tj S fighter planes From le Shima the envoy will flown to Manila in ah Amer ican plane Hewill return to Japan by the same route North lowan Discharged Among 29 lowans discharged from the army at the Jefferson early this week was one north lowan Lloyd Bradley of DOWE MARSHAL PETAIN HEARS VERDICTA stunned Marshal Henn Philippe Petain former Vichy dief of state stands in a Paris court after having been found guilty of collaboration with the enemy and sentenced to death Pho to by Henry Burroughs Associated Press staff photogra pher AP wirephoto via radio from Paris Expect DeGaulIe to Approve Clemency for Marshal Petain Marshal Is Convicted of Collaboration But Court Suggests Mercy Paris De Gaulle is certain to approve clemency for Marshal Petain but has not yet received the high courts recom mendation an official in the pres idents office said Thursday TeUin was convicted Tuesday nuihl of collaboration with the Germans as Vichys chief of state and sentencedto death but the verdict contained the statement that the court hoped he would not be executed entail a sentence of Petain to life said the 3 judges and 2iman jury had voted 20 to 7 for conviction and H to 13 for the clemency rec ommendation 4 SHIPS BRING SOLDIERS HOME New York at JAIIT 5 Xitil Squeal Time To o Sh ortfor Plan BULLETIN i fa NBC correspondent in Manila broadcast Thursday that General MacArthur had notified the Japanese that their replies to his first and 2nd messages had been received and were acceptable Ross McConnell NBC correspondent in Manila broadcast that MacArthur also noti fied the Japanese that they were authorized to change the type of plane to be usedin carrying emissaries to Manila The Japanese in their reply had said they did not understand the type of plane he had designated and asked for him to repeat the instructions F By LEONARD MIIXIMAN Associated Press War Editor Th i 1WneSe beiatedly informed General Mac Arthur inursclay that shortness of time prevented them from send ing envoys to Manila to receive allied surrender terms had displayed irritation over failure to receive an answer to his instructions to Japan Tokyo officially informed him that the surrender envoys would not reach his headquar PhiiPPineS date WOUld be Sent as soon as The to MacArthur stated that the Japanese IS66 fUe to a11 fronts but that from 48 TI yS migrht dapse befoie a11 forces re woud be sent imperial family UUties fghtmg fronts to enforce the command to halt hos continue1 in Manchuria and the northern Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek had received no reply from the commander in China to his demand that hostilities cease in that theater Alarmed at the danger oE civil war in China Gen Chu Teh commander in chief of Chinese communist armies appealed to allied ambassadors to slop sending lendlease materials to Chiang eks Chungking govern ment Gen Prince Naruniko Higashi New York harbor on the Fred erick Victory this week were the following North Jowa soldiers nigasm T M i Kvmi a member of Japans roval Ricevill S Kioberdanz family and a leading war lord was JAUC V J11U nrimfiA I3 i Pvt Noreen Mills On the ship from southern Min nesota were Pvt Carl Chapa Kinbrae L G r o e Lake Pvl Harvey J Frederickson Hanska nrt Lt Floyd G Pennc St James Pvt Herman L Tonak Spring diesLfaland was Sgt Edward Winnebago Minn Arriving on the Cape Flattery was Sgt Melvin D Smith ot Britt Iowa On the Walter Ranger due at Boston Mass Thursday are the following North lowans Sachs Moses Oelwein Emmets Pfc Loren A Pfc Duane C burg Pfc Donald R Graves Ply mouth Pfc Robert H Gruen Postville Cpl Arthur W Butler Hartley 1st Sgt Bernard G Keynplds Estherville Raymond M Wiggins Mason City Southern Minnesotans on this ship include Lt Col Leonard E Engeman Redwood Falls Pfc Gordon J Durenberger LeSucur Pfe Lloyd D Long Rochester MASON GITYANS ARRIVE IN N Y Joseph Alton listed as a Mason City resident and Pfe William Scheldrup 317 Georgia N E were scheduled to arrive in New York Saturday it was announced in an Associated Press dispatch received here Thursday AtomicAche Napoleon N Dak were a lot of floats in the victory parade held of them were decked out in red white and blue bunting But none of them got more at tention than one entered by the little neighboring town of Burn stad A huge placard on the side ot a cattle tnick bore the bold inscrip tion We gave the Japs atomic ache fi n KetlimS Bill German shepherd named Queenie Several hours later Queenie came back The liquor didnt ng war or was amed to head Tokyos peacetime cabinet He conferred immedi tely with leaders ot the fallen war government Admiral Nimitz disclosed 133 warships made up he allied naval force which knocked out nearly neary 3000 Japanese nlanes and more than 1600 vessels around Japan m the last 10 weeks of the war The greatest British East In carrier force was cd by Tokyos capitulation The southeast Asia command said Japanese commanders would face the firing squad if they didat hand over military installations intact Admiral Nimitz indicated the formal surrender might take place aboard his flagship Manila dis patches had indicated the sur render would be at MacArthurs headquarters Shortls after the mikados cease fire order was reported issued Admiral Nimitz disclosed that more than a million tons of fighting ships made np the great allied sea force which roamed the shores of Nippon from July 10 un til the mikado capitulated He named all of Admiral Hal sey s combatant vessel s105 American and 28 British They were led by 9 battleships and 20 carriers supported by 25 cruisers and 79 destroyers An undisclosed number of sup ply ships operating in the rear nifcle it possible for these forces to continue sending their 1500 planes against Japan up until the Ipst minute After they had been told the war was over Yank air men shot down 26 enemy Inter ceptors in selfdefense running their weeks score to 1175 planes On the last day they knocked out 31 enemy vessels including 2 submarines and raised more havoc with transportation which Tokyo said was so badly crippled Japan would continue to evacuate its bombburned cities While the theoretically ended war was tapering off on land fronts China showed signs of re newing her prewar conflict be tween Chiang KaiSheksi nation alist troops and communist forces Both have their eyes set on occupying north China The com munists announced their troops were near Peiping and unofficial reports said they were moving on nil key north China cities They rejected an ultimatum from Chiang and appealed to allied powers for recognition To the north soviet armies drove deeper into Manchuria rapidly engulfing wide areas Three main columns rolled steadily on Harbin the countrys munitions and communications center The nearest was less than 165 miles to the east The cease fire order was Burma where vto wvf t lOICl to reply if Japanese continued to fight Another 231 Nipponese were killed in the northern Philippines
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