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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCMRTHEJIT OF HISTORY AND ABC DCS VOL U MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents a Mason City Blows Fuse in Business Area at Wars End Mason City blew a fuse in the way of a celebration Tues day night following the announcement of the wars end at1 6 p m For a few moments only the business section was quiet as a Sunday the newsboys atop the GlobeGazette building began tossing torn paper bits into the street from the roof The Baptist church bell rang other bells fol lowed Then a few cars began tooting horns Others followed A Jew of the younger set with jallopies that would do the trick began racing their motors to produce loud backfires Industrial whistles joined in with the rising din and the noise in the downtown section increased steadily The single aim of everyone in town for the evening seemed to be gelling to State street and Federal avenue Here all traffic converged At times It was so packed one could hardly move Then traffic would clear out slightly only to till up again in another half hour Youngsters seemed bent on getting to corners where there were no police For the first time in their lives they could ride the outside of cars 2 on a bicycle run against red general do what they have long wanted to but hadnt done There were whistles and horns and some people merely dragged a string of tin cans behind them People of all holding babes in with small children Some these youngsters didnt know what all this was about but they were enjoying it Paper clippings from the printing offices began to fly through the by small hands and retossed by still smaller hands Torn up newspapers were thrown from building tops and before long rolls of paper began to stream from the roof of the First National bank building from the hands of small boys perched on the cornice like a lot of sparrows The length of these an unknown de termined again and again From the roof of the bank they reached the street at State and Federal in long waving festoons Passing cars were decorated and young boys and girls decorated themselves with it Some boys made hula skirts from paper clippings and had themselves a time amusing the standees along the curb At Second and S Federal members of the army the navy the coast guard and the marines had free beer Traffic was directed in unorthodox methods but it was directed nevertheless Hats were taken from those along the curb and placed on the aerial posts ot passing cars Nobody seemed to care became of them Empty beer cases were placed on the roofs of passing cars Before long many of the cars loaded from hood to trunk with teenagersChanging on to every available section raced through the streets dragging tin cans dummy figures old iron and whatever could be gathered A lone cowboy rode up and down Federal avenue standing up in his saddle until he fell off One man with a paper hat and a cowbell oneach foot staged his own oneman parade up and down Federal avenue and State streets In and out between the cars and around and around HP walked until he tired himself out Youngsters finally chased off irony the roof of the First Hational bank for safety reasons began to appear on other roofs of the down town store buildings A black smudge roared up in front of the Montgomery Ward store but the store was hot afire as people It was carbon in an old car which finally caught fire Servicemen rocked cars loaded with girls and girls in rolled slacks and flopping shirttails wound in and out in snakedance fzshion up and down the street Through ail of this a crew from the P G E was busy string ing colored lights over a section on State street west of Federal whichwas blocked off for a street dance Robert MacJret Les Haw kins and Efml Koerber were responsible for the arrangements of the dance and Koerbeiand Harold Snyder principalof the high school werein charge of the Youth Center at the Y M C A Both of these dances ran steadily until the early hours of the morning Ralph Geerand his pals held forthat the center and musicians the Deacons Earl Hunt Macks Truckers and Macks bands changed off to keep the street dance run ning until the early hours Many who had been at the legion district baseball game at Roosevelt diamond came in following the fame and added them selves to the dancing throngs Musicians worked in shifts and then it was all the could do to keep up with the dancers With all of its hilarity Mason City reported no accidents and no injuries There were a few scuffles lots of back slapping some face slapping but in all a general good time Stores had been safely closed and the taverns were closed as had previously been arranged Seats in Central park and street curbs offered relief for weary feet It was a night for celebration with the temperature dropping steadily as the crowd grew warmer and warmer But the noise was all over Wednesday morning Only the paper remained in the streets along the gutters and on the sidewalks to tell the story of what happened in Mason City Tuesday night when World War II came to a close TTII THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Millions lifted their hearts and voices Wednesday to hail the dawn n peace ifre hysteria md prayers throughout the allied woild as Japan last undefeated rggressor nation announced t had surrendered Thank God its over at last were words repeated aeain and again in every language The bloodiest most destructive war in history was at an end America flung off its wartime restraint and exploded in the great est wildest most ecstatic celebration of all time Boisterous happy crowds sang danced and into the early morning Thousands prepared to continue the fiesta during the 2day holiday pro claimed for Wednesday and Thursday by the United States and Britain Everywhere veterans of the war were in the forefront of the MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 15 1945 lmj iaper consists Two One JJQ 366 Millions Throughout World Lift Voices Hearts to Hail Peace In the Pacific islands in shat tered Germany and England in Manila In Paris iu ships at sea and in hospital wards cheered and cried and thumped each other on the back Now well be home sooner Ihey said In America they were toasted and kissed and praised and wept over All through Latin America and the West Indies there was wild rejoicing Tiny Bermuda kicked over the traces in the most bois terous celebration ever seen there aided by shouting singing Ameri can servicemen Shooting fireworks and isome disorders were reported in Ha vana In Buenos Aires there were violent demonstrations and fre quent clashes between student and nationalist groups which were stopped by police Pearl Harbor where the Pa cific war began on Dec 7 1941 sounded its air raid sirens to pro claim peace not war and con fetti not shrapnel littered the streets Washingtons traditional re serve vanished in the melee of hilarious celebrants The west coast nearest to the Japanese threat shouted its re lief and joy Boat whistles sound ed San Francisco went wild ef figies of Hirohito Hitler and Mus solini were hanged burned and kicked Japanese Americans joined in the festivities In Times Square 2000000 per sons jammed joyfully together un der a snowstorm of tickertape torn and confetti Flagdecked automobiles raced through city streets over the na tion blasting their horns Long hoarded firecrackers and rockets were set off Never had there been a cele bration to equal it The west coast celebration gained momentum as the night progressed Many persons were injured in San Franciscos Uttered slreels Firecrackers exploding began in Chinatown and spread to other sections At Ft MacArlhur hundreds of soldiers awaiting discharge cele brated riotously some firing their guns In New Mexico the altitude was more oE thanksgiving than hilar ity Churches planned special services At Independence Mo Presi dent Trumans home town gayety halted half an hour for religious ceremonies on the court house lawn All was quiet at the little white house The gates of the naval academy at Annapolis Bid were opened to the public for the first lime since Pearl Harbor and more than 2000 of Commodore Perrys Japanese bell with everything from shoes to fists The bell was brought back by Perry in 1854 And at BeUford Springs Pa a group of Japanese diplomatic in ternees were told ol their coun trys capitulation They showed no emotion said a state department agent They are a very placid people ENTER PEACE ERA Sharp But Temporary UnemploymentSnyder Washington Director John W Snyder said Wednesday that sudden ending of most of the nations war contracts will cause an immediate and large dislocation of our economy with sharp but temporary unemployment Bnt we are not going back to long periods of mass unemploy ment Snyder declared in a 31page statement laying down general policy for the vast changeover from war to peace production He emphasized 6 maor highlights of the problem 1 All military contracts are being terminated immediately ex cept those for experimental purposes and maintaining the armed forces The army is acting mediately to cut its procurement PRESIDENT READS JAP MESSAGE TO President Truman standing center reads the Japanese surrender message received Tuesday night to members of his cabinet in his office at the white house Seated beside himare Adm William D Leahy his chief of staff left Secretary of State James P Byrnes 2nd from left and former Secretary of State Cordell Hull white Cab inet members standing in background are L to R WPB Chief J A Krug Foreign Economic Chief Leo Crowley Maj Gen Philip Fleming of Federal Works administration Economic Stabilizer William H Davis Reconversion Chief John W Snyder Secretary of Navy James Forrestal Sec retary of Treasury Fred Vinson Attorney General Tom Clark Secretary of Labor Lewis Schwellenbach National Housing Chief John B Blandford Jr Postmaster General Robert EHannegan AP A Enn Face Great Task Truman Tells US Washington world entered a new era of peace Wednesday Along the enormous buttlefrents of the Pacific and Asia the mightiest forces of destruction ever assembled rolled to a victorious halt around the prostrate vanquished empire of Japan Throughout the allied world wracked by war or threat of war since Germany struck Poland en Sept 1 1939 it was a time for rejoicing and celebration But already the prob lems of peace were beginning to pile up We are faced with the greatest task we ever have been faced with said President Truman The emergency is as great as it was on Dec 7 1941 Mr Truman announced Japans capitulation at 6 p m Central War Time Tuesday night The act marked the beginning of a truce that will last a few days until General of the Army Douglas Mac Arthur as supreme allied commander can accept formal Japanese surrender on the basis of the Potsdam declaration While promising the Japanese people free and decent lives this declaration lays down a hard future lor them It is much like that im posedon Germany exceptthat le Japanese will have their own By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A Domei dispatch broadcast by the Tokyo radio Wednesday said imperial headquarters is endeav orinc to transmit the imperial or der to every branch of the forces but before it took full effect a part of the Japanese air force is re ported to hare made an attack on Rationing m I of weapons entirely Z At least 7 million men will be released from the armed services within the next million from the army 3 Unemployment is expected to rise from the present figure of 1 100000 to 5000000 or more with in 3 to 8000000 before next spring AH controls over manpower are removed at once 4 Many production and distribu tion controls will be lifted im mediately Only those will re main in force which are essential for expediting production break ing bottlenecks preventing inven tory hoarding and assuring eco nomic stabilization 5 Collective bargaining on wages will be restored wherever price ceilings will not be endan gered Price and rent ceilings and wage stabilization must be con tinued because of the dangers of inflation 6 Snyder asked for a number of legislative acts including In creased unemployment compensa tion benefits revision ol the fair labor standards act to increase minimum wages tax program to stimulate production and main tain markets appropriations for the planning and execution of pub lic works adequate appropriations for the U S employment service and retention of this service under federal control during the interim of transition The reconversion chief said We hope to achieve plant recon version in a relatively few months But he said a full peace time footing cannot be achieved that soon be required to reach the expanded peacetime economy which is need ed for full employment he said And the construction industry will require even longer he added He listed 4 major economic ob jectives and said only a peace time construction vastly expanded over anything this or any other nation has ever seen will make possible the attainment of these aims They are t Jobs for all those willing and able to work 2 A steadily rising standard of living 3 Stabilization of our economy to avoid disastrous inflation or de flation 4 Increased opportunities for farmers and business men Snyder said there should be no mincing of words over the se verity of the shock which has been increased by the sudden ending of the war Washington Wednesday announced imme diate termination of the rationing of gasoline canned fruits and vegetables fuel oil and oil stoves Price Administrator Chester Bowies1 said that meats fats and oils butler sugar shoes and ires will stay on the ration list until military cutbacks and increased production brings civilian supplies more nearly in balance with civilian demand Nobody is any happier than we in OPA Bowles said that as far as gasoline is concerned the day is finally here when we can drive our cars wherever we please when we please and as much as we please The OPA chief said right now its impossible to esti mate when other commodities can be removed from ration ing He added It certainly cant come too soon as far as are con cerned You can be sure that the other items will go off the list the minute we hear that supplies are anywhere near big enough to go around POPE PIUS XII EXPRESSES HOPE Vatican City Pius expressed hope Wednesday the wars end would also At least 12 to 18 months may i lion in Rome XII that bring an end to oppression of the weak The brief reference to Japans surrender was made at the end of the pontiffs address to several thousand members of the Italian Women Workers Federation to whom he gave a special audience at the conclusion of their conven War OverBat Jap Planes Still Drop By LEONARD JIILLHIAN Associated Press War Editor The war is over but Japanese planes still splashed into the ocean off their home islands Wednesday victims of American guns The Japanese cabinet fell Her last ivar minister reportedly com mitted hara kiri But Tokyo radio insisted we have lost but this is temporary the allied base and fleet in south the San Francisco Ka barovsk Wednesday broadcast a statement hy the soviet far eastern commander announcing that the war was over This presumably was designed to halt hostilities in Manchuria and Korea London Reuters dis patch from Manila Wednesday re ported that Gen lUacArtliur had radioed Tokyo directing the Japa nese to cease hostililicsimmedi ately and send a representative lo Manila lo receive instructions London Alcxan General MacArlhur allied commander in Japan ordered Emperor dcr M Vasilcvsky announced Hirohito to put a radio station at his disposal and told him to send his j Japans surrender in a broadcast envoy in a white plane marked with green crosses to Lie island to his soviet far eastern armies off Okinawa Friday morning I Wednesday but gave no cease Orders to cease fire found Russian and Chinese armies sfM on the fire order and hostilities appar move and American warplanes ranging from Supcrforts to fighters MORE SOLDIERS ARRIVE IN U S New York at New York harbor on the Sea Por poise Monday were the follow ing North Iowa soldiers Clifford W Fear Spencer Armond D Losh Clarion Pfc Cecil E Mott Mason City On the ship from southern Min nesota was Pfc A Wessel of Truman North lowans on the U S Vic tory due at Hampton Roads Va Monday were S Sgt B e r n i e A Walters Mason City Cpl John A Bouska Waucorna Capt Edward C Jones Mason City On the Caribia which arrived at New York Tuesday were the following North lowans Cpl Raymond K New Whitte more Pfc Dale F Frazee Bassett Strict Manpower Control Continues in England London WVStrict manpower controls will continue in Great Britain the ministry of labor and national service indicated in an announcement Wednesday A cabinet announcement said an immediate review of war contracts is being made by the de partments concerned IMan Services Minneapolis e r v i c e s were planned Wednesday for Frank C Mellentire 75 who died Tuesday after being struck by a car late Monday in downtown Minneapolis Weather Report I FORECAST Mason City Fair and somewhat warmer Wednesday night Thursday increasing cloudiness and warmer with showers in the late afternoon or night Iowa Fair Wednesday and Wednesday night Thursday in creasing cloudiness and thun dershowers in west warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 75 Minimum Tuesday 49 At 8 a m Wednesday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum gg on he way to raise new havoc over Japan Most of them were halted winding up the war with a of raids in which B29s loosed 6000 tons of fire bombs and ex plosives on oil refineries arsenals and industrial towns of southern Honshu island Japanese planes continued to fly toward the mighty U S 3rd fleet on the approaches to Tokyo Wednesday hours after Emperor Hirohito new subservient to Gen eral MacArthur directed his forces to stop fighting At least 5 of them were splashed into the sea by American gunners under Admiral Halseys orders to shoot them down in a friendly fashion Admiral Nimitz in a cryptic communique Wednesday did not indicate the possible intJnt of the Japanese planes which continued to approach the fleet It was pos sible they were piloted by die hard members of the Nipponese kamikaze suicide corps Admiral Nimitz asked General MacArthur to teU Tokyo that in self protec tion American naval forces would have to shoot down any Japanese plane within range of their guns Almost simultaneously with Hi rohitos capitulation the navy an nounced the crniser Indianapolis was sunk by enemy torpedoes off the Philippines July 30 Every member of her crew was listed as a casualty including 833 killed or missing It was the only American warship in the war to report 100 Per cent casualties The Indianapolis delivered the first atom bombs to Guam the new and most cruel weapon which Hirohito cited as a primary reason for Nippons capitulation General Korechifca Anami Tokyo said killed himself to atone for failure as war minis ter Other suicides were predicted in line with the Oriental prac ticesof saving face It eve speculated that Hirohito himself might commit hara kiri or at least abdicate in favor of either his eldest son or his brother both of whom have been extolled this week by the Tokyo press We haxc lost but this is tem porary said Kusuo Ova chief of radio Tokyos overseas bureau in a broadcast urging the Japanese to develop the same type of mech anized might which was respon sible for their defeat Allied comments indicating Tokyos surrender was not con clusive included these It is not yet a final Chinas Chiang KaiShek Let those who can Britains Clement Attlee By the peace Japan was stripped of warmaking power but allowed to retain her Godemperor and her own government under Gen eral MacA r t h U rs supervision Adm Kantaro Suzukiscabinet Tokyos 3rd wartime government resigned a few hours after the surrender MacArthur who reported 20 Nipponese ships and 17 planes knocked out in the last day of the war said some air patroling over enemy islands would be neces sary cntly stiH continued Trumans Mother Heard News Soon Grandview Mo Mrs Martha Truman 92 year old mother of the president didnt have long to wait to get official word of Japans surrender Just a half hour after the presi dent had announced the capitula tion in Washington he called his national government including an emperor under rigid allied con trol All means ever to make war again are to be stripped from them At advance Pacific bases military government officers stood ready to move in with occupation forces and carry out these terms More than 4 hours after Mr Truman announced the surrend er he war was still on in the Pacific A communique from Guam early Wednesday reported that units of fie U S 3rd fleet in Hie vicinily of Honshu were being approached by Japanese aircraft Those that do so are being shot down the war bulletin said adding that 5 had been de stroyed since noon Japanese time 10 p m CWT Tuesday Radio Tokyo however waited another hour until 1 p m Japa nese time to tell its troops of the surrender We have come to a point where it is useless to resist the enemy any longer the broadcast said We have lost but this is tem porary it added Domei News agency reported that Emperor Hirohito address ing his nation for the first time by radio blamed surrender on 2 main facts 1 That the trend of the world was against Japan 1 On the atomic went into action only 9 days ago and was used against only 2 cities Hirohito told his subjects ac cording to Domei not to make rouble to avoid fighting among themselves and to unite their strength to be devoted to the construction of the future Al lied plans call for the victorious powers to control that future for a long time to come Many Japanese who played leading roles in the war were ex in LIIIT wiii were ex mother to tell her personally of pcctcd by otricials hcre to corn harakiri as a result of the glad Harry decided to end the war Mrs Truman said after she had turned from the phone Harrys a wonderful man He has a noble disposition and hes loyal to all his friends I knew hed call He always calls me alter something that happens is over Iowa Man Receives Legion of Merit Washington Col Lemuel P Crim of the ordnance depart ment who was born at Colum bus Junction Iowa Tuesday was awarded the legion of merit the war department announced Wednesday As commanding officer of the Savanna ordnance depot Illinois from September 1939 lo Sep tember 1042 with exceptional energy he brought that station from peace to war fooling the citation said defeat Domci reported from Tokyo early Wednesday that the Japanese war minister Korcchika Anami had k lied himself to atone for his failure There was much speculation among far east ern experts that Hirohito would abdicate and might also commit suicide Mr Truman announced the sur render at a 2minute news confer ence He released at the same time the text of an acceptance note which the Japanese government had sent to Washington through neutral Switzerland Tuesday aft ernoon I deem this reply a full accep tance of the Potsdam declaration which specifies the unconditional surrender of Japan Mr Truman said There were no conditions al though the foe had sought last Friday lo win guarantees that the emperor would remain a sover eign ruler The nation that set out at Pearl Harbor to defeat America and
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