Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa f j NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS KOINES I A VOL U Press and United Presj Full Leased Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy Investigates Prisoner Screens Washington that Japan still screens bomb tar gets with allied prisoners the state department Wednesday awaited 0 report that Americans died in the disclosed Tuesday night that it had requested verification by he Swiss government and international Red Cross In an accompanying statement it denounced the persistent and methodical practice of the Japanese government in locating prisoner of war camps in areas subject to bombardment The statement noted that the Japanese while not signatory to the Geneva convention on war prisoner treatment nevertheless had promised they would honor the prohibition against protecting target areas with prisoners Replies to U S protests that the promise was not kept have been evasive the department said Admiral Leahy Expresses in Letter That Petain Acted in Best Interests of French Paris William Leahy chief of staff to President Truman expressed the belief that Marshal Petain always acted in the best interests of France in a letter read Wednesday at the trea son trial of the old soldier As read in court the letter of Leahy who is attending the big 3 conference at Potsdam expressed high regard for Petain and said he was unable to appear as a wit ness because of his position He had been U S ambassador to the Vichy regime of Marshal Petain until the Germans took over the unoccupied portions of France in November 1942 when north Afri ca was invaded Leahys letter dated July 22 was in reply to Fetains request that he return to France as a wit ness The admiral stated that he re called that on many occasions he had heard Petain express a desire to see the nazis overwhelmed After the letter was read Cluef Judge Paul Mongibeaux asserted There is one sentence against Pe tain in that letter The defense protested and Mon gibeaux did not explain the sen tence to which he referred 10TH AIR FORCE SENT TO CHINA Chungking Gen Al bert C Wedemeyers headquar ters announced Wednesday that the Ipth United States air force is being shifted to China from the IndiaBurma theater and will be commanded by Lt Gen George E Stratemeyer Sfratemeyers atr command now includes the 10th and 14th air forces a ChineseAmerican com posite wins and an air service command for both airforces The 10th airforce pilots are veterans of the drive the west to open the Stilwell road and they completed their mis sion deep in Central Burma last May and were ordered to India for regrouping in preparation for China operations The 10th is making the trans fer complete with aircraft and aviation engineers and signal units The 10th is commanded by Maj Gen Howard C Davidson who was executive officer at Hickham field when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor Tommy Dorsey Settles Suit Out of Court Hollywood UR Bandleader Tommy Dorse3 whose birthday party last Aug 5 turned into a brawl has settled out of court for Panamanian actor Antonio Icazas slashed ear Icazas attorney said IWednesday Attorney Ap Coviello said a damage suit filed by Ica za was settled for an undisclosed sum The case was taken off cal endar when neither Dorsey nor Icaza showed up in court Actor Jon Hall almost lost the end of his nose at the party at ivhich Icaza said he was hurt in the bandleaders swank apart ment Dorsey his actress wife Pat Dane and Gambler Allen Smiley were charged with assaulting Hall but charges were dismissed after a 9day trial in which witnesses told conflicting stories Separation Center at Fort Snelling Closed Ft Sncliing Minn proximately 200 officers and men Wednesday moved to Camp Mc Coy Wis after closing down the separation center at Ft Snelling which had been operated since last October During the 10 month operation of the center here over 11200 of ficers and enlisted men were sep arated from the service most of them via the point system Pfc Elmer Paavola 28 New York Milles was the last soldier handed his discharge papers He was one of the first men to leave Ft Snelling for overseas duty with the famed 34th division which fought in North Africa and Italy for more than 2 years ADMIRAL LEAHY Farmer 111 Hangs Self inCoriiCrib Corwiih 48 committed suicide by hanging himself in a corn crib at his farm home a mile north of here Tues day night The body was found at 10 p m by his son Milton Mr Galloway did not come into the house after he had done his customary niffht chores and members of the family went to look for him the son find inghim a short time later Mr Galloway had been in ill health and was despondent He was to have gone to an Iowa City hospital Wednesday for an ap pointment Persons close to Mr Galloway said he had brooded considerably over destruction of crops by hail last spring He operates a half section of land Surviving are his wife and 3 children Milton Lois Jean and Dewey also father and mother Mr and Mrs M P Galloway of Corwith A brother Clarence lives at Corwith Funeral arrangements had not been completed Wednesday morn ing MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 1 1945 This Paper Consists at Two on One 800 SUPERFORTS HITAGAIN 7 Germans Get Death for Mob Murder Darmstadt residents of the bomb ruined town of Darmstadt were silent Wednes day grimly aware that 7 German civilians including 2 women have been sentenced by an American military court to die Those sentenced to death were charged with participating in the mob murder of 6 United States air men near the village of Rus selsheim last August Three others drew long prison terms One was acquitted The stunned villagers sat rig idly Tuesday night while the sev enth army military commission after a 4 hour deliberation an nounced he sentences The time and place the hangings will be determined by Lt Gen Wade Haislip commander of the sev enth Those who must die are Mar garet Witzler 50 Kathe Hein hardt 38 Joseph Hartgen 42 Friedrich Wust 45 Johannes Sei pei 67 Johann Opper 59 and Philip Gutlich 47 August Wolf 43 and Heinrich Bartel 48 were sentenced to 15 years at hard labor while George Daum drew 25 years Karl Fugmann 41 was ac quitted Grayhaired Fraulein Witzler burst into tears when Brig Gen Garrison Davidson read the sen tences Frau Reinhardt gasped Seipel murmured I did nothing The others were emotionless A dozen military police armed with machine guns guarded the courtroom but there was no dem onstration although the severity of the sentences apparently shocked the spectators In a last effort to save the de fendants German defense attor neys in summing up their case had blamed Paul Josef Goebbels hate propaganda for instilling into German minds the idea of killing allied aviators Big 3 Leaders End Conference AUSSIES POINT FOR OIL FIELDS Manila field guns softened up approaches to the vital oil resources around Samarinda Wednesday knocking out several Japaneseemplaced po sitions 11 miles northeast of Bal ikpapan Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique announced ihai 3 Japa nese planes attempted unsuccess fully to bomb the Balikpapan area on July 2627 Observers now were convinced that the Japanese already have written off their holdings north east of Balikpapan in eastern Borneo and that their present rearguard actions were designed merely to give main enemy col umns a tetter chance to with draw The Japanese Domei agency claimed Wednesday that Japanese garrison forces in Balikpaparis general area had succeeded in pinning down allied troops through vigorous counter attacks The broadcast said the enemy has suffered approximately 3000 men either killed or wounded Radio Tokyo also said that Jap anese planes on Monday had at tacked the Brunei bay area on Borneos northwest coast Far eastern airforce headquar ters on Okinawa announced that more than 250 Japanese merchants and naval ships totalling 250000 tons were sunk probably sunk or damaged in the 28 days since the airforce began operations Buy yonr tVar Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy CHINESE GET ROAD JUNCTION Push Japs 55 Miles Past Kweilin in Drive Chungking Chinese forces have captured the Pinglo road junction 55 miles southeast of Kweilin a headquarters commu nique said Wednesday The communique said Chinese troops pushing along the Hunan Kivangsi railroad had reached a point 50 miles northeast of Kweil in Other Chinese troops pushing against the Japanese flank in Hu nan province inflicted more than 100 casualties on Japanese units southeast of Sinning 47 miles west of Lingling and destroyed 5 junks on the Siaiig river Japanese troops driving east ward along the ChangshaNar chjangroadhave eapturedShkng kao but an enemy relief column driving west from Nanchang was intercepted Japanese Dbmei agency claimed Wednesday that Chinese troops along the French IndoChina bor der had been checked from mak ing positive operations and were only carrying out localized ac tivities waiting for supplies from the rear or readjusting their po Truman Due to Confer With King Potsdam Big 3 came fo the eud early Wednesday night of their historic sessions upon which the future peace the world may possibly hinge President Truman is due to fly o England Thursday to meet King George VI after his last meeting uith Prime Minister At Costly Ride Jack of Canton Ohio maritime officer trainee here gave 3 pedes trians a lift That cost him the fine for overcrowding a ve hicle The 4 were aboard a motor cycle Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy States While the announcement con cerning Trumans plans did not indicate the expected time of his departure an official spokesman confirmed that the parley was nearing an end He disclosed that the president Premier Stalin and Prime Minister Attlee plan an oUier meeting Wednesday and there was1 sijcculatibii it may be Deployment Timetable Iaris rede ployment schedule 9TH ARMY HEADQUARTERS On the high seas expected to start reaching the U S next weekend 20TH ARMORED On the high seas with first elements scheduled to reach the U S next week 28TII KEYSTONE Advance party now home main body expected to reach port about Aug 6 30TII OLD HICKORY DIVI Begins shuttling The meeting likely will be pre ceded by another get together by U S Secretary of State James P Byrnes Russian Foreign Commis sar Vyacheslav M Molotov and British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin Another conference of committees made up of the staffs of the 3 delegations also was ex pected A spokesman said a great deal of progress was made by the 3 leaders at a hour meeting Tuesday The conferences survival of the defeat of the government of Prime Minister Churchill one of the original Big 3 apparently demonstrated the solid foundation for decisions which had been reached It is expected the results of the parley will be announced in a joint communique to be released simultaneously in London Wash ington and Moscow After meeting with the king the president will board the cruis ton where troops will board the Queen Mary except the 119tli regiment which will clear from Le Havre direct for the U S simultaneously with the Queens sailing 35TH SANTA FE DIVISION Now processing at Camp Norfolk in the Rheims assembly area and expected to reach Ie Havre late SION Now processing at Camp St Louis in the Hheims area and scheduled to leave for Le Havre about Aug 10 13TH AIRBORNE DIVISION Advance unit clears Le Havre for the U S Thursday the main body processing at Camp Pittsburgh in the Rheims area for August ship ment B29 VISITING names next to bulls eyes are those that have been earmarked as firebombing targets of Superforts the names of which were revealed to the Taps in an unprecedented prestrike warning Pierre Laval Is Rushed to French Prison After Plane Hop From Austria er Augusta and return home where lie will formally report to the people of the United States in a radio address j It was understood that the presj ident planned to dine with tile British roya family but that he did not expect to spend the night in England The exchange of greetings be sides serving as a demonstration of friendship will give the presi dent an opportunity to satisfy a desire to visit England without spending the time required for formal ceremonies STORV ON PAGE 11 IOWA SENATORS AT CLEAR Bourke B Hickenlooper left ami SS Tlh thC at the WiSOn cottage The senators are thf ssion of Clear Lake Paris Laval by plane at Le Bourget airfield from the Austrian city of Inns bruck lafe Wednesday and was taken immediately to Fresnes prison it was announced at the trial of Marshal Petain The former chief of the Vichy government who surrendered to American authorities in Austria after he was ousted from refuge ijj Spain Tuesday was accom panied by his wife Secrecy had been maintained as la Lavals mo yement to France because of fears that Frenchmen liberated from nazi horror camps niiirlit seek attack him a French spokesman said i Mobile guards surrounded 4 airfields anri Fresnes prison here awaiting the Vichy chief o gov ernment Laval was handed over lo French officers Tuesday night by Americans of he 65th division Landing Wednesday in Austria in the same German plane and with the same German crew that flew him to Barcelona on May 2 to seek refuge Laval said he had left Spain at the request of gov ernment authorities The 2 luftwafte men who pi loted the plane were jailed over protests they had been assured before leaving that the Ameri cans would permit them to return lo Spain More Butter for Civilians Due in August Washington butter than originally anticipated will be available for civilians during Au gust Secretary of Agriculture An dcrson announced Wednesday At the same lime OPA Admin istrator Chester Bowles announced that no further reduction in the point value of butler is antici pated Recently this was cut from 24 to 1G points a pound Anderson said the amount of creamery butter set aside for gov ernment purchase for August has been cut from 30 to 20 per cent This reduction was due to high er production during July than expected and indications that Au gust production also will be slight ly higher than originally esti mated Ihe secretary said and Thursday Cooler east and south portions Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Stalistics Maximum Tuesday 93 Minimum 70 At 8 a m Wednesday 72 81 65 Maximum Minimum ARMY ATTEMPTS TO AVERT JAM War Department Gives Planes for Movements Washington The aitny moved in 2 directions Wednes day lo avert a transportation cri sis but came under renewed fire for its plans fo keep 7000000 men in uniform for the Pacific war To ease the pressure on rail rouds resulting from troop move ments the war deoartment said 1 It is turning over to com mercial air lines enough army planes and pilots to move 35000 troops a month across the coun try by air 2 It is speeding up the dis charge ot highpoint soldiers with railroad experience to the maxi mum extent consistent with mili tary needs and the orderly pro cess of redeployment Meanwhile Senator Johnson contended that the army is keeping too many soldiers in uniform above its real needs He prepared to tell his colleagues that unless the army speeds de mobilization the nation maj see a postwar dumping of man power that will mean serious un employment Johnson a member of the sen ate military committee voiced his contention while a top ad ministration official was telling another reporter that 7000000 men seem to him a helluva big army for the onefront war This official who expressed his views on the understanding he would not be quoted by name added that 1 think there will be increasing pressure on the army to release more men Johnson declaring that I think they are keeping a lot of men they dont need for the Pacific war said he wants an answer too to a recent statement by Maj Gen Lewis Hershey that selective service will continue drafting men for several months after the war ends LARGEST TASK FORCE STRIKES 5 JAP CITIES Record Load of 6000 Tons of Bombs Drop on Industrial Centers Washington f The largest task force of Superfortresses ever to attack 5 home island indus trial cities Wednesday These carried a record load o l approximately 6000 tons of incen diary and high explosive bombs The army air forces announced the targets as the cities of Hachi oji Toyama Nagaoka Mito and the petroleum center of Kawaski The strike by the army stra tegic air forces under command of Gen Sari A Spaatz was described in a press memorandum issued here J The memorandum said the raid occurred in the early hours of Aug 2 Guam time Aug 1 U S A Tokyo radio broadcast said Sunerforts were atfackin 2 cities on Kyushu and 2 on Honshu The Tokyo report said a hundred planes had been counted in the attacks on these cities and indi cated the raid was continuing by saying that the count of planes was up to Toyama with a population of 128000 is the third largest city on the Japanese seacoast on the island of Honshu The city is located about 140 miles north of Nagoya and in addition to having Japans largest aluminum plant it has ballbearing special steel precis ion instrument and chemical in dustries Mito with a population of 66000 is approximately 60 miles north Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Wednesday afternoon Clearing and cooler Wednesday night Fair with seasonal temperatures Thursday Iowa Partly cloudy Wednesday nut gumy 10 tne charg and Wednesday night with scat slaying her husband Joe July tered thundershowers in south Tnc comely darkhaired mother east Wednesday Fair Thursday ol 3 has signed a written confes Cooler Thursday and in north sion which stated she shot her west Wednesday WOMAN FACES MURDER CHARGE Lakoia X Dak Jen nie Thompson 29 Dakota house wife was scheduled to appear in municipal court Wednesday to face charges of first degree mur der and her attorney Olaf Thor son Grand Forks said she would waive preliminary hearing and not guilty to the charge of uitv ILCl x f husband as the climax to a bitter Wednesday were searching for quarrel but she since has The body of her husband a La kota section laborer was found by officers in the basement of the Thompson home more than 2 weeks after the tragedy occurred The woman was apprehended at Omaha Nebr last week when she applied for relief for herself and her children Buy your War Bonds ana Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy west of Tokyo in a rich fanriihg area It is a very important trans portation center with marshalling yards and rail repair facilities for tne Joban railroad now over loaded with supplies for Tokyo brought in through the northern mainland ports Mito the airforces said is also believed to he a sub contract center and source of la bor supply for industry to the northeast of Mito Hachioji is a city of 62000 lo cated in a mountainous areas about 23 miles west of the imperial pal ace halfway between Tokyo and Mount Fuji It is an important rail city and a dense housing cen ter for vital outlying industries Nagaoka is about 10 miles in land from the Japan sea coastline and about 20 miles south of Nii gata It has 67000 population and is a center of machine tool pro duction 275 MINERS IN PROTEST Force Pa woman doc tor and 275 miners who struck because of what they call intol erable sanitation conditions Wed nesday awaited a state department of health report on the water sup ply in this northern Pennsylvania coal town Dr Elizabeth O Hayes 33 quit i physician for Shaivmut Mining Co in protest against the firms refusal fo make health improve ments She said she would move away leavinc 4000 persons with out medical care unless something was done The miners quit 2 weeks ago declaring they wont work with out a company physician at hand I can stand it no longer said the woman doctor She asked the company for sewers a water sys tem inside bathrooms and founda tions under the company houses She laid down some impossible demands declared Frank Lam bert general manager of the com pany Its an economic impossi bility to lay water pipes 3 miles to a town of 94 houses Dr Hayes has the people worked up to a white heat She organized them like the 13 col onies and theyre ready to stage another Boston lea party Hot Mail San Fwncisco iP Police man who has put a new twist in c tale about the fellow who tries put letters in firealarm boxes A local firebug has been drop ping blazing match folders into mail boxes Repair Levee Council Bluffs contract to repair the Boycr river levee south of the Christman bridge was awarded Tuesday to the P K and Duvall Construction Co of Logan M Iowa by the Harrison and Potta wattamie county supervisors
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 145+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.