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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, July 26, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             srBrrvyr NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY ANO ARC OES MOlwes IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Ited Press mil Leased Vina Five Cents Copyk MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 26 1915 This Paper ol Two INSIDE I WASHINGTON SToo Many of Us Forgetting War in Pacific Is Not Ended By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent Washington The country is not sufficiently interested in the war in the Pacific Japan and the rest of the Far East are so remote geographically and spiritually that it is difficult to visualize the death struggle that goes on there I was horrified at my own re action to Pacific war news Big headlines rushed at my early morning eyes Something import ant I told myself And began the story that spread itself across the front page I read a few para graphs down and then I stopped Soon my eyes had jumped to an other news item Suddenly I became aware of what I was doing I was involun tarily proving that the war in the Pacific was not exciting news Like too many other people I had let myself think that the war meant the war in Europe The war in Europe was won The war in the Pacific had not the same sharp meaning as the fight with Germany And yet the war in the Pacific had to be won Its winning would take thousands of lives and mean the destruction of valuable property Your prop erty and mine On the success of our forces in the Pacific depended the making a complete peace Not until that complete peacemaking came would you and I settle down to a normal anxietyfree life I was ashamed of myself when I realized the danger of my cal lous stupidity I promised myself I would be more intent on the Pa cific Perhaps mynew attitude might help speed victory if only in an infinitesimal way Returning correspondents say that Europe has quite forgotten there is a war in the Pacific Eu ropean heads of state speak blithe ly to the press about their plans now that the war is over The Soviet in its American em bassy mouthpiece Information Bulletin talks of the war that WAS with the air of finality No indication in its official publica tion that the soviet means to con sider the war that the con quest of Japan Britains share in the present ahd coming conquest of Japan is vague The word has got out that the United Stateswar leaders do not wantBritainshelp iijjheFar NO 249 ATTLEE NEW PRIME MINISTER Superforts Blast Japan With 2200 Tons East They do the job themselves Clever propagan dizing by the British Id say Why shouldnt the United States want the help of English troops and English guns Why should we want to bear the brunt of the slaughter alone I do wish that just once we could be onetenth as adroit as the British Navy Secretary James V For restals new Navy Hour on the radio is a wise innovation It will acquaint the hastyminded public meaning you and me with the progress the Pacific war and the heroism of the men who are making it possible for the hazv public you and me again to stay comfortably at home and com plain about food and cigaret short ages 350 B29s Hit 3 Nip Cities in Fire Raid By LEONARD MILLDIAN Associated Press War Editor American Superforts blasted Japan Thursday for the 3rd time this week with a 2200ton fire bomb raid More than 350 B29s hit 3 cities in the early morning Friday Tokyo time about noon S eastern war time Cities attacked were Omuta Chemical production center on Kyushu island Matsuyama port on the west coast of Shikoku is land and Tokuyama chemical and oil refining city in south western Honshu island AH had been hJJ before but it was the first attack on urban areas of Matsuyama and Tokuyama On distant fronts strong allied scouting parties were reported feeling their way toward Singa pore in an amphibious operation while Chinese troops overran the seventh former U S air base in China to be retaken in recent months Twenty Japanese warships and 82 other surface craft were knocked out in a single days air raids by combined V carrier forces presumably still roaming Japanese waters Incessant aerial pounding will reduce Japan to a nation without Nomadic people Lt Gen Doolittle promised from his new Superfort headquarters on Okinawa His confidence echo ing comments of other ranking American air sea and army com manders in the Pacific was ex pressed shortly after B29 head quarters on Guam announced 143 square miles of 39 Japanese indus trial cities have been reduced to rubble or ashes Tokyo seemed to be of the same opinion In oneofits most amaz ing broadcasts the eovernment controlled radio said the emper ors military leaders would gladly stop the war right now If the United States eased up on its de mands for unconditional surren der Simultaneously Russias Stalin was reported to have carried a Japanese peace offer to Presiden Truman at the Potsdam confer ence This report published by Newsweek magazine said Japan offered Manchuria to the sovie union for n o nintervention agreed to withdrawal from Asia and American occupation o Korea and Formosa but no occu pation of the sacred islands them The war in the Pacific has had one noticeable effect on Washing ton It has drawn off to the coast many of the young officers and their families temporarily stationed in the capital The Army and Navy club is about half as crowded as it was a month ago before the fleet and its followers had begun the trek westward One of the cleverest bits of Eis enhower diplomacy according to returning American soldiers was sending allied soldiers in Europe prisoners of back to their home country in planes It meant we Americans had to wait longer to get home an ar tillery man told me But I didnt mind waitingWhen I considered how much goodwill getting the other fellows back first made for this country Why every guy who got flown in was a hero to himself and people around for miles Think of the kind feelings stirred up for the good old United States of America Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with oc casional thunder showers no de cided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday Thursday night and Friday Scattered thundershowers Fri day and in west portion Thurs day and Thursday night Warmer Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Occasion al thundershowers north and west portion Thursday night and in southeast and extreme east Friday forenoon Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 83 Minimum Wednesday 57 At 8 a m Thursday YEAK AGO Maximum 84 Minimum Precipitation 25 Japans desire to quit is receiv ing a provocative boost from Adm Halseys allied fleet On Tuesday alone some 1200 planes from the fleets carriers damaged the greater art of the bedraggled im perial fleet and knocked out 150 planes Twenty warships were bombed or torpedoed including 3 battle ships 6 aircraft carriers and 5 cruisers Twenty merchant ships were sunk Sixtytwo other cargi and smaller craft ranging down to barges were damaged This toll was taken along th Inland sea most of it at the one great Kure naval base Rolling banks fog interrupts continued carrier attacks Wed nesday But a partial return c the days work showed 39 m o r Nipponese planes destroyed o damaged Carrier sweeps were augmente by landbased craft reachin from southern Kyushu island t Tokyo bay Among them wer 100 B29s which swept through intense antiaircraft fire to new damage on 3 oil refineries near the enemy capital One Su perfort was shot down Toky reported 2 B29 minelaying ex peditions in Nippon waters Thurs day Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazett carrier boy Petain Denies at Treason Trial of Congratulating Hitler After Dieppe Raid CAPITAL As the first big shipments of GIs begin to pour into Manila from General of the Army MacArthur and other high military sources come assorted statements and reports indicating the speed with which the Philippines capital is being converted into a preinvasion center for landing forces It is now agreed that while Okinawa and Two will be the centers from which air coverage and bomber assault will originate Manila will be the virtual heart of invasion activities On the above map the distances to various vital enemy points OPA Anncmiices Reduction in Red Point Values for Cuts of Beef Lamb Veal Washington g definite improvement in meat supply and distribution Thursday anounced reductions in red point values for almost all cuts of beef lamb and veal beginning Sunday The agency estimated that for the August rationing period about 95 per cent more meat will be available for sale over retail counters than in July Compared with June when civilian supplies were at their lowest level the in crease will be about 11 per cent With one exception the reduc tions amount to 1to 2 points a pound The reduction for boneless rump roasts is 3 points Most steaks are cut 2 points Present point values of all cuts of pork canned fish fats and oils and dairy products will remain unchanged Creamery butter con tinues at 16 points the lower value was assigned July 15 Total meat supplies for the Au gust rationing period were esti mated at 231100000 pounds com pared with 212190000 pounds for the present period The estimate for beef is up 8000000 pounds veal 2280000 pounds lamb and mutton about 1700000 The pork supply however will be down about 3270000 pounds Price Administrator Chester Bowles said the improvement in civilian supplies was due largely to lower military purchases In August he commented the lower point values for beef lamb and veal together with the recent reduction of creamery but ter to IS points a pound will ease the strain on red point budgets Washington are reduction In red point ralnex in lamb and rtft the ratloninc period Sunday BEEF Steaks Porterhouse TBone Club Rib 7inch cut Sirloin Hound full cut I Chuck blade or arm Flank Roasts Hrbstanchnir dune bone QH 7inch alt C Bib bonelessrolled C and D grades only 7 Kound Tip 9 Rump bone in 4 Short Loin boneless rolled C and D grades only 3 Chuck blade or arm bone 8 Down 8 Down 8 Down 7 Down K Down 9 Down 4 Down 8 Down Down Down Down in Olhtr Cuts Short Ribs I Down In 1 Down in 1 Down Meat 3 Down Ground from boneless D grade beef and from iorequarters flanks shanks and trim mings of any other grades of beef and beef fat 4 Do LAMB Seaks and Chops Loin Chops or Roast 8 Down 2 Rib Chops or Rpast 5 Down 2 Down I Down 1 Paris denial by hal Henri Philippe Petain that sent a message congratulating AdolC Hitler on the repulse of he Dieppe commando raid in S42 was read at his treason trial Thursday Petains denial made earlier luring his examination was read by High Court Justice Pierre at the opening of the day of the trial The 89 year old marshal said at his preliminary hearings that ic never sent a telegram con ratulating Hitler on the allied defeat at Dieppe and that to have done EO would have been against he interests of France Petains denial conflicted with report read into the record Wednesday that he did send such a message and that he offered to send French troops to fight along side the Germans The dispatch oC such a message was announced in Vichy at the time it purport edly was sent Wednesday Petain refused to answer questions about the re ported messages AVhen Thurs days session opened defense counsel Fernand Isorni asked the court to read Petains testimony in the preliminary hearings on that subject After reading the testimony Mongibeaux asked Jsorni why Pe tain refused to give a straight an swer Wednesday Isorni replied that it was Petains policy to say nothing I nm sure I did not give or ders to send this telegram Pe tain said in the preliminary hear ings as quoted by the judge The instructions contained in it were not in accordance with my senti Jules Jeanneney president the French senate at the time of the armistice with Germany was the days first witness He fol lowed former LeBrun and President Albert former Premiers Paul Heynaud and Edouard Da ladier who in the first 3 days of the trial had damned Petain as a chief contributor to the fall of France Jeanneney 72 year old former senate president now is a mini ster of state in Gen Charles De Gaulles cabinet Leg Chops and Steaks Shoulder or arm Koisls or part 6 Down 3 Sirloin in 6 Down 1 Ynke rattle or trianglebone in2 Downl VEAL Steatcs and Chops Ixin Chops or Roast 3 Down 2 Rib Chops or Roast 5 Down 1 Shoulder Chops 4 Down 1 Round Steak cutlets or roast 9 Down 2 Sfrlofn Steaks or Chops5 Down 2 Koasts Leg whole or s Down 2 In neck ott 3 Down 1 Other Cots Flank Meat 3 Down I t 3 Down I SAUSAGE types 3 Down 1 types4 Down 2 Red and Blue Stamps Valid on August 1 Washington more rec stamps and 5 more blue stamps in ration book No 4 will becom valid Aug 1 OPA announced Thursday Each stamp is good for 10 points The new stamps all good througl Nov 30 are Red for meats fats FJ Gl HI Jl and Kl Blue for processed foods PI Ql KI SI and Tl Red stamps K2 through P2 an blue stamps T2 through X2 wil not be valid after July 31 BIG 3 MEETING GETSSHAKEUP Defeat of Churchill Produces Questions BULLETIN Potsdam The United talcs Britain and China Thurs day night issued a joint pro lamation to Japan to cease re isfance or see its homeland ul erly destroyed Potsdam IP Wews o the Jritish labor partys election tri umph produced the political sen ation of the year among delega ions of the 3 great allied pow ers in Potsdam Thursday Defeat of Prime Minister Uhurchills government apparent y marks the 2nd break in he original Big 3 and leaves Pre mier Stalin as the only member of that triumvirate The first break was the death April 12 of President Roosevelt whose place was filled by Presi dent Truman Clement R Attlees party re ceived a parliamentary majority with which to form a socialist type government for the first time since the 1920s raised these ques tions here Who will share with Altlee the respousibility for directing Bri tains foreign affairs How soon can the chiefs of the new government return to Pots dam to conclude the delibera tions on which the Bir 3have al ready spent 9 days of heavy la bor How many of Britains com mitments as made by Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden from Tehran through Yalta to Potsdam will be shouldered by the shrewd bild laborite who sat in here as an observer The first expression here Thursday afternoon was that Att lee would extend Churchill the courtesy of an invitation to re turn to Potsdam as a member of his delegation But it was only a guess and few appeared to be lieve that Churchill would ac cept in view of the British vot ers verdict Meanwhile President Truman took a brief holiday from the big 3 conference Thursday to fly lo Frankfurt and review American troops there CLEMENT ATTLEE Driver Exonerated Hamburg IP John Penrod Byers Colo truck driver was ex onerated Wednesday by a coro ners jury in the death Monday of Mrs Leslie Nieman wife of an overseas serviceman Mrs Nieman a nurse at a Hamburg hospital was killed and 4 other persons in jured when her car and Penrods truck collided The death was ac cidental the jury reported Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CONGRESS GETS TRAVEL CRIMP Washington word from the while house put a crimp Thursday in the traveling plans of some Europeanbounc congressmen It seems Hiey will have to foot their own transportation bills un less their trips were authorized specifically by resolution Speaker Sam Rayburn DTex acknowledged that he had re ceived a letter to this effect from one of President Trumans aides He added the decision had not been expected As a result an 11man group that took off in an army plane last Friday apparently is out on some what of a limb Another batch of legislators reportedly intends to Churchill Resigns After Losing Vote London AP George VI Thursday night com missioned Clement R Attlee to form a new iabor government The clearcut leftswinging victory for the labor party will enable Attlee former deputy prime minister to form the first oneparty government Britain has had since 1931 Winston Churchill also resigned Thursday as prime min ister in the wake of a voting tabulation which showed the strongly socialistic labor party had won a 2 to 1 landslide over Churchills conservatives in the July 5 election The count showed the laborites had won 381 seats in the 640seat house of commons to the conservatives 193 as the wartime leader presented his resignation at Buckingham palace King George VI immediately ac cepted the resignation of the 70 yearold statesman Churchill went to Buckingham palace at 7 p m 1 p m Central war time Churchill gave his last Vsign as premier when he drove through the palace gate sitting alone in the back seat of his automobile His grave face was broken by a brief smile for a little crowd which greeted him as the sentries saluted Attlee faces twin tasks of lead ing Britains part of the war on Japan and reconstructing this wartorn nation under a program that calls for nationalization o much of its industry Britons had their first chance 10 years to vote in a general lection July 5 and they veered trongly to the left defeating 27 members of Churchills care aker government but reelecting Churchill himself and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden to their wn constituencies While Eden vill no longer be foreign minister ew changes in Britains foreign lolicy ave expected Attlee has ieen attending the Potsdam con erence and probably will return tefe Friday The British Press association called laborsvictory the most astonishing and tho There were many ef forts to explain the upset one of lie most prominent being that Jritons were Ired of wartime re strictions and eager for a change Attlee served until June 15 as deputy prime minister in Church lls wartime coalition government le said the victory will enable us to implement the policy of the socialist party This is the first time in the listory this country that labor las ever had a cleancut he commented The 1935 general until that held July 5 whose re sults were counted gave labor 154 seats to 387 for the conservatives In the 1D35 popular vote the laborites received 8325 000 to the conservatives 10405 000 George Isaacs newlyelected M P from Southward and chairman of the powerful trades union con gress commented The results prove the old say g that you can fool all of the people some of the time and some of the people all of the time but you cant fool all the people all of the time The greatly increased support obtained by the labor party shows that the tory conservative trick of tooling the people by introduc ing all sorts of malicious spec tacular and often untruthful ru mors has lost its power Unseated in the landslide were many of the most prominent members of the Churchill govern WINSTOV CHURCHILL ANTHONY EDEiV Astor Loses Seat London Wil Ham Astor whose Virginiabor mother retired from parliamen by declining to run in the curren election lost his scat in common Thursday to Laborite Capt Stewart ment Buy your AVar Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy abandon plans for in Europe a lookaround Tokyo Radio Hints at Easier Peace Terms New Prime Minister Urges Prevention of More Wars London Clement Att will succeed Winston as prime minister of Editors Note James D White has been studying the Japanese military mind since he covered the beginning of the war in China 8 years ago He was a technical prisoner in Shanghai after Pearl Harbor ontil repatriated in Aug ust 1942 After 3 years in the Washington bureau of the Assoc iated Press he Is on San Fran ciscos Pacific cable desk By JAMES D WHITE Francisco a p a n backed against the ropes in a fight she started some time back Thurs day spoke of quitting the war as a definite possibility This is the central fact which I observers are able to pick oat of the Tokyo radios startling broad cast Thursday urging the United States to take a more lenient atti tude about this business of peace The appeal was carefully hedged about with qualifications which fitted it neatly into Tokyos usual propaganda line Nevertheless it gave the impression that Japan would be definitely interested in peace if only the unconditional surrender formula could be ened The broadcast heard by the fed eral communications came on the heels of the most disastrous 2 weeks the empire has undergone Mammoth Superfort raids par alyzing landbased aerial strikes from Okinawa and the great fleet bombardments and carrier attacks since July 10 have ripped the em pire from stem to stern and fur ther mangled the Japanese war machine 3n China and elsewhere So much so that earlier Thurs day Tokyo radio agreed with Ad miral Halsey that American and air power indeed had opened the preinvasion phase of warfare against the Japanese homeland The Japanese peace feeler said there really are no problems be tween a liberal America and Ja pan and claimed that a liberal America has never given occasion for Japanese militarists to rise but America now talks of uncondi tional surrender The implication is that America is not now liberal and that the unconditional surrender formula j is an outgrowth the lack of what the Japanese consider lib erality In short they American of ficials intend to mete out such a hard retribution that the Japanese people are more determined than ever to unite and resist as a unit ed mass of 100 million souls and will so continue as long as Amer ican minds remain dictatorial and oppressive declared the Japanese commentator Should America show any sin cerity of putting into practice what she preaches as for instance in the Atlantic charter excepting its punitive clause the Japanese na tion in fact the Japanese military would automatically if not will ingly several words missing fol low in the stopping of the con flict and then and then only will sabers cease to rattle both in the east and in the west he contin ued The spokesmans reference to the Atlantic Charter suggested that he might be replying to an American broadcast made to Ja pan last Saturday by Capt E C Zacharias USN who told Japa nese leaders they had a fastfad ing choice of 2 opportunities at present 1 Virtual destruction of Japap followed by a dictated peace 2 Unconditional surrender with its attendant benefits as laid down by the Atlantic Charter lee who Churchill Britain said Thursday the labor partys foreign policy could be summarized as the need for a new world order for the preven tion ot war and a world economic policy based on an endeavor to raise standards of life He made his statement to cor ciation with Churchill throughout the war there will be little chance that the new Bovcrnmcnt will suf fer from any lack of continuity In knowledge and information on British commitments and policy throughout the world Attlee is 62 years old He was educated at Oxford and entered the practice of law in 1906 He respondents after appearing be servcd in Gallipoli Mesopotamia fore a tumultuous victory tion at Transport house the labor party and trade union headquar ters Attlee served in the coalition Churchill government as deputy prime minister and as deputy gov ernment leader in the house of commons He went to San Francisco as one of the British delegates to the se curity conference and accom panied Churchill to Potsdam par ticipating in the big 3 discussions because of the possibility of Churchills repudiation Having been in intimate asso i and France during the World xvar He first came to parliament 23 years ago and for a time was par liamentary private secretary to Britains first labor premier Ham say MacDonald For years he lived among the tough dockside workers and code ney warehousemen along the wharves of the lower Thames He knows the poverty and problems ol grimy dockland probably bet ter than any other man in British public life No orator Attlee speaks slowly and quietly choosing his words carefully and with deliberation   

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