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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES OE3 KOINES A VOL U INSIDE WASHINGTON Air Power Enthusiasts See Japs Doom Hearing By Central Press Capital Stafl oE all out air power as a means crippling the enemys fighting ability are certain that they can knock Japan out of the war in the next lew months and force the empire to sue for peace However more conservative of ficers are certain that Japans homeland will have to be invaded and that the Nips will be defeat ed only after their armies are crushed completely The next 4 months should tell the story or at least give some idea of what may be expected Officers who are directing the aerial blitz believe Japanswar industries can be knocked out by wiping out less than 50 cities Considering that Tokyo was re duced to rubble in a few raids this shouldnt take too long Actually no one knows the an swer to the big question When will the war end In the Pacific However the fact remains that in a few months proportionately more damage has been done in lapan than was accomplished in years in Germany by the RAF and and the United States army air force Should the Japanese choose to fight on they are certain to be come cave dwellers living a primitive life because their cities will be gone Associated Press and UnlUa Press Full Leased wire President Truman is an im patient man when it comes to putting the governments house in order It was a common Joke after he assumed office that coffee hours those 11 a m teteatctos in government buildings would be interrupted by the presidents per sonal presence But itisno joke that Mr Tru man is weeding out a lot ot dead wood personnel and making ba reau heads economize on the use of public funds The president is in earnest about consolidating agencies and mak ing them performtheir maximum usefulness in the government The huge bureaucratic empire left by the late President Roosevelt after 12 years of unprecedented govern ment expansion is due for the sweatbox treatment The latest of the presidents moves concerns federal funds In memorandum for which the whitehouse offered no ex planation the chief executive di rected agency heads to take vigorous disciplinary action against anyone guilty of misuse ot public money Mr Truman said there isnt much evidence of abuse but just the same he wants his memo on every agency chiefs desk just in C3SG Labor hopes to see its long fight against the little steel wage freeze crowned with success in the next 4 to 6 weeks One proposal advanced by labor members of the war labor board is making headway It would leave management and unions free to negotiate waire boosts above the htUe steel ceiling as lonjr as Ihey do not form the basis for a rise in prices Union chiefs contend that wage adjustments are imperative to off set cutbacks and loss of overtime pay They found support for this argument in Fred Vinsoas recent reconversion report The heat remains on OPA on capitol a friendly letter Chester Bowles wrote legislators didnt cool it perceptibly Bowles wrote that OPA wants to cooperate with which brought derision privately from senators who have been charging for months that the agency pays no attention to con sress hut makes its own laws He wrote also of his reconver sion plans That brought a charge from senate food investigating committee chairman Elmer of Oklahoma that OPA must be planning to make itself a permanent body Tenacious Senator Morse U of Oregon wanls a special commit tee set ap to look over OPAs shoulder permanently and con tinuously Morse charges that the agency reekswith incompetence and wants a permanent group to investigate OPA policies All in all congressional tem pers seem to indicate that OPAs troubles on capital hill were not ended by passage of the price con trol extension bill blueblooded Britain and gian born Caucasus Chennault Will Stay in China Until Higher Command Is Installed KuranuKr ff aiaj Gen Claire Lee Chennault who is re signing as commander of the U S 14th air force in China plans to remain in China until a higher Their mcctins place was sym Amcncan air force command is I bolic installed in Chungking Here it was ttiat Frederick the th recent criljcfcms of Great started Prussia on the mil trie Chinese army and government itary adventure which led thronch what he called irrpsponsible a century of bloodshed and MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 16 1945 2500 MORE TONS FALL ON JAPS BUTTER SELLS FOR 16 POINTS IN NEW RULING OPA Hopes Reduction Will Prevent Spoilage During Production Peak Washington Stores sold butter at 16 ration points a pound Monday as the government put into effect a major segment its plan to improve the meat sit uation Elsewhere on the food front the republican congressional food study committee issued a state ment saying that an increase in the price of bread and a reduc tion in the quantity produced may result from failure of the ad ministration to provide adequate sugar supplies The reduction from 24 to 16 points for creamery butter is ex pected by OPA to prevent de terioration in retail storesduring the season of peak butter produc tion Farm or country butter re mains unchanged at 12 points a pound and margarine continues at 14 points A 10000000 pound increase in civilian butter supplies is ex pected next month OPA said as the result a cut in the amount ordered set aside for military use Householders have been buying less butter in the last 2 or 3 weeks OPA said in announcing the point cut a fortnight ahead of the date OPA previously reported such ac tion probable OPA tied a string on its gift to housewives however with a warning that the point value would be increased again if but ter sells too rapidly The republican food study com mittees report on bread quoted Representative Jenkins o Ohio chairman of the unofficial group as saying most bakersJiave had to make up lossesonbroad out put with profits from such sweet goods as rolls cakes and pastries Asserting that sugar quotas for bakeries have been cut to SO per cent of their 1941 volume and that many bakers report they ac tually are abtc to obtain only 44 to 50 per cent Jenkins added This will mean such a sub stantial reduction in the volume ot sweet goods that many bakers will either have to start selling bread for what it costs them to make it or go out of business Meanwhile the agriculture de partment made effective Monday its program to increase livestock slaughter in nonfederally in spected plants as a step toward greatest possible use of all slauh tenng facilities DECISIVE San Francisco an early invasion of Japan radiS iokyo in a broadcast picked up hereby the federal communica 5J said Monday The homeland decisive battle is the decisive battle of all decis ive battles In other words decisive Des File Claims IMoines Maurice crop msur OHeilly government a nee director in Iowa reports that insurance claims have been filed on about 310 acres of govern mentTinsured corn in Marion and Bucna Vista counties The 2 coun ties are part of a group of 19 n the nation in which the experi mental government insurance program is being carried out TRUMAN AND IKE MEET IN BELGIUMGen Dwight D Eisenhower fleftt President Truman center chat as they meet again at an airfield near St be fore the president took off for Berlin and the Potsdam conference Secretary of State is Adm WltamD Leahy AP V Big 3 Meeting Hears Opening Truman Talks to CEurchill Tours Berlin Potsdam IP President Tru man talked with Prime Minister Churchill and toured the wrecked heart of Berlin Monday prelimi nary to the first Big 3 meeting at which the war with Japan like ly will be a leading topic First American president to vis it Germany in 25 years Mr Tru man had an opportunity to see AdolfHitlers ruined and looted chancellery the batties c a r r e d reichstag and the wreckage of the Tiergarten Soviet spokesmen said they had no word that Premier Stalin and Foreign Minister Molotov had ar rived in Potsdam but added They win be here in time for the opening of the conference The opening sessions originally sched uled Monday apparently had been delayed until Tuesday Prime Minister Churchill called on Mr Truman for their first meeting since President Roose velts death but this was de scribed as simply a courtesy call Mr Truman also conferred with Secretary of State James F Byrnes veteran of the Yalta conference and with the presidents chief of staff Admiral William D Leahy Stopping outside Hitlers chan cellery the president shook his head at the destruction and told reporters It is a terrible tiling but they brought it on themselves Tight secrecy prevailed Prob lems such as hunger frontiers and rebuilding of a Europe ravaged by war were high on the agenda The whole hierarchy of United States and British military lead 2 American cabinet officers Secretary of State Byrnes and Secretary of War Stimsoh Just who accompanied Stalin and TRUMAN Commissar Molotov to the big 3 conference has not been announced Russia alone of CAWCEtTOIIR great world powers is at with May Drop Mr Truman flew to Berlin from Antwerp Sunday He was Europe Trip Irst American president to touch 3erman soil since Wilson UR President he beaten reich of Kaiser was believed Monday to helm n in cancelled plans for a west The scores of state and military eaclers talked in an atmosphere as remote to the outside world European tour to return to Washington immediately after the big 3 conference Shangri La The 200 news men have been published re signed to the momentous that he would visit Den losely guarded gathering got no loser than the adjacent Norway and Great Britain before returning here Less defin Df Sehlendorf The but certainly under considera nay last 3 weeks and the only were plans for further ev horitative news from it will air travel There was from the conferees to believe the party might Stalin came here after at least lalf a dozen conversations gone at least into the eastern Mediterranean Moscow with the new most inviting speculation premier T V Soong and a tilt presidents new plans arewell dinner for Soong the possibility that Ja suggested that the meetings may be nearer unconditional seen fruitful China like than has been assumed United States and Great this theory is the U S s preoccupied with the bombardment Japan has been going on for sev Sixtyone year old President Iruman bronzed and at the peak of vitality after an 8day Atlantic ship crossing during which he mixed w6rk with relaxation was ready to talk business at days The battle wagons have been well within a mile of the home islands without opposition Opposing that line of thought is the fact that several senior military officers have said recently with Churchill and Stalin the Pacific war is far from president who arrived by Mr Truman decided to Sunday took np residence home in expectation of the minutes away from the big collapse of Japanese resist conference building where then there evidently has momentous talks will be some authoritative communi Heporters will be permitted in Potsdam but not in the conference area President Truman from Japan within the past few days If so that fact scarcely can be long concealed reported in favor of brief alized reports by himself and the Jtner 2 conferees as progress of ne conference your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy WAR At a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS JAPAN Battleships bom barded the Japanese mainland for the 2nd day while 1000 carrier planes hit mainland points The Saturday and Sunday fleetair strike sank or damaged 128 Japa nese ships and small craft and heavily damaged industrial trans port and harbor areas neared Sam bodja oil fields north of Balik papan Japanese dead were counted in the Philip pines during the past week with 608 prisoners taken KYUKYUS Ihiya and Aguni islands off Okinawa occupied by U S marines captured city on the Hunan Kwangsi railroad 50 miles southwest of Kweilin seized initia tive in the Sittang river bend and are besieging the main Japanese concentration point of Myitkyo 74 miles northwest of Rangoon Plans to Stop Army Service in Peacetime Washington Repub lican Leader Martin proposed Monday that before the United States adopts compulsory military service the government seek an international agreement eliminat ing all such peacetime training The Massachusetts representa tive made public the text of a resolution he will introduce Tues iiay urging President Truman Secretary of State Byrnes and Ed ward R Stettinius Jr who will represent the United States on the united nations organization to work unceasingly for the end of compulsory military training In a statement Martin added If a mutual understanding can be nations and peoplesthat of gigantic systems of universal compulsory military service should be elimi nated it would relieve the Unit ed States and all other nations of the necessity to assume this great new burden at a time when we must build reconstruct and re adjust the world to peace TRUMAN RUSHES TREASURY POST Nomination of Vinson Is Ahead of Schedule Washington P President Truman Monday nominated Fred M Vinson war mobilization chief to succeed Henry Morgenthau Jr as secretary of the treasury The chief executive acted ahead of schedule in order to comply with a request by Morgenlhau that the new secretary be named without delay so he could tackle a number of pending financial problems Mr Truman first had planned to submit Vinsons nomination only after returning from the Big 3 meeting in Berlin The president also submitted to the senate Monday the nomina tion of Theron Lamar Caudle ot Wadesboro N Car o be an as sistant attorney general succeed ing Tom C Clark now attorney general Harold William Judson of Cali fornia who used to practice law in the presidents native Missouri was nominated for assistant so licitor general to succeed Hugh B Cox whose resignation for per sonal reasons has been accepted PreInvasion Attack Moves into 42nd Day Guam task forces of 450 to 500 Superfor tresses canynis the preinvasion attack on Japan into its 42nd day hurled more than 2500 tons of fire bombs into 4 cities across a 475mile stretch of Kyushu and Honshu early luesday on the heels of a shattering air and sea bombard ment by the U S 3rd fleet The mighty sky giants raised to 43 the number of Japa nese cities scourged in the knockout campaign that began last March The 3rd fleets weekend bombardment meanwhile had wrecked 10 northern Japanese cities and virtually cut Hok kaido off from the main island of Honshu Tokyo said the had withdrawn but pre sumably was still prowling Japanese waters Deployment Timetable Paris redeploy ment timetable U S army di visions 8th infantry 12th regiment home remainder soon 2nd infantry On high seas should reach port in about a week 5th On high seas scheduled to reach United States in about a week 44th Scheduled to reach New York on Queen Elizabeth Thurs day 13th armored Started shipping out of Le Havre over weekend last units expected to clear Thurs day 20th armored Advance units on high seas bulk division being processed at Le Havre staging area for shipment late this week 28th infantry Advance units at sea main body left Reims assemb ly area for Le Havre Monday 30th infantry Advance party expected to clear Le Havre Wed nesday remainder being proces sed at Camp Oklahoma City Reims area 35th infantry Advance party being processed in Heirris area main body to arrive Wednesday 45th Alerted but date of move ment to Reims area remains in definite Advance parties of 44th infan try 2nd infantry 5th infantry and 13th armored already home Double Drumsticks Due If Chick Becomes Fry Slurigs S Dak UR There will be a double portion of drum sticks for someone if a chick hatched at a local hatchery last week ever becomes a fry The chick has 4 legs a double back and 2 toes on each of the extra being nor mal in most other respects is ex pected to survivewith care Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness with occasional thunder showers Monday night and Tuesday No decided change in temperatures Iowa Partly cloudy Monday Monday night and Tuesday Scattered thundershowers west portion Monday and north and west portions Tuesday Warmer Monday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with scattered thunder showers Monday and Tuesday Little change in temperature except warmer near Duluth Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 82 Minimum Sunday 59 At 8 a m Monday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum By HARRISON SALISBURY United Press Foreign Nevs Editor Three men sat down to talk man from the main streets of Missouri a scion of the Marlboroughs of a moustachcd Geor in the mountains of the They met at of Prussian militarism and to their plain talk the peoples of the world turned for word of what the fu ture holds for them persons at home adding that I think its about time for Ameri cans to cease to be so concerned by the mote in our neighbors eye Chennault expects to return to the United Slates and retire from the army to the Wajnerian climax of pistol shot on an upholstered set tee under the Berlin chancellory of Adolf Hitler There was much for the 3 men to talk of There was the Pacific where final victory must yet be won details in Europe and around the world On those details depend the lives of there will be bread to eat next winter whether therwill be a fire on the hearth whether they will live in uneasy danger of new wars and upheavals Never before had these 3 met Great questions hinged on their contrasting personalities These were the men who sat down at Potsdam PRESIDENT HARRY S TRUMAN As American as cornonthecob Born and bred in the showme state of Missouri Tried run ning a haberdashery shop in Kan sas City Mo for a while with in different success Captain of a Missouri national guard outfit in World War World War buddies are still his cronies For the first time Mr Truman is meeting with those whom Prime Minister Churchill now calls sim Big Three and commanderinchief worlds most powerful nation At the time of Yalta Harry Tru man was presiding over the sen ate in the quiet obscurity of the vice presidency playing a friendly hand of pofcer of an evening with his senate friends drinking a friendly of bourbon with inem as hey gathered around his Piano to harmonize Today Harry Truman is playing for greater stakes takes of American peace friendship and security Three swift months that brought an end to war in Europe and a beginning of peace in San Francisco led Americans to be tieve that the plain man from Missouri knew how to play his cards and knew that those he held were the best in the deck WINSTON CHURCHILL More British than roast beef Son of aristocrats Descendent of the Duke of Marlborough vic Peerless ora War correspondent of the Boer war First lord of the ad miralty of World war I Shield of Britain in World war U No stranger to fateful parleys is Churchill For nearly 35 years he has been an actor on the world stage Born to a famous name he has seldom been far from the spotlight He is the eldest of the 3 Where Truman finds relaxation at the piano keyboard Churchill seeks the brush and easel Brandy is his tipple and he savors it with the same suslo as his corona cigars He is an early riser like Truman but he likes a quiet nap of an afternoon Now at the zenith of his career Churchill meets his companions of the 3 uncertain of the cards he holds He does not even know whether Britain has picked its wartime leader to carry on info the difficult peace The ballot boxes which hold his fate will not be unsealed until July 26 By then the talks of the 3 will have ended But if jus future is uncertain his purpose is preservation and protection of the agglomera tion of peoples and countries called the British empire I did not become his majestys first min ister to preside over the dissolution of the British empire he once said and he meant it JOSEF STALIX Man of steel Tested in the fire of battle Born Jossip near Tiflis in Studied for the the By legend orga Djugashvili Caucasus priesthood nizer of a holdup of theczarist stale treasury at Tiflis to pro vide funds for the revolutionists Twice organizer of the de fense of a Volga city known as Jsatisyn when he saved it from the Whites known as Stalingrad when he saved it from Hitler Stalin sits down as I of the 3 at the peak power and prestige Behind him is the greatest power in Europe and Asia and probably the greatest army in the world It has been a long time since Stalin has relaxed Workwork work is the motto of the soviet state and he practices what he preaches He prefers the sweet wines of his native Georgia but he will drink up requisite vodka toasts of the ceremonial dinners of the 3 And he will puff placidly on his bte black pipe Of the 3 Stalin may have in mind most clearly not only his ob jectives but the road that leads to them Those objectives he has re iterated time and for the soviet state in a peaceful world order Stalin too holds high cards and has shown he can play for the greatest stakes calmly imperlurb ably He knows what he can give his colleagues in the Pacific for instance And he knows what he wants from them in the west and at home in a Russia now at peace but licking the desperate wounds of a lifeanddeath struggle Targets for the attack the 8th this month by the Superforts vere Numazu 32 miles northeast of Shizuoka Kuwana 12 miles south west of gutted Nagoya Hiratsuka 34 miles southwest of Tokyo and Oita on the northeastern tip of Kyushu The giant raiders went in at low altitude to spill tons of bombs on all 4 cities for the first time al though Oita had been hit by light er warplanes from Okinawa The crushing assault raised to 21050 tons the weight of bombs heaped on 29 Japanese targets this month by 3150 to 3425 Superfor tresses Earlier it was announced that more than 135 square miles had been burned out in other Japa nese cities The toll was rising al most hourly as every type ot war plane and warship in the Ameri can arsenal raked the enemy homeland in attacks the Japanese were unable even to challenge Kuwana with a population of 42000 is the site of bearing air craft and electrical equipment factories Numazu population 5V 000 contains ordnance armament and electrical factories Hiratsuka population 43000 is an important aircraltkcehter Oita population 76000 is the site of the new Jap anese 12th naval air depot as well as a big railroad hub Tokyo reported without con firmation that Adm William F Halseys 3rd fleet broke off the assault on northern Honshu and Hokkaido Sunday night pre sumably due to bad weather But the Japanese alerted their defenses up and down the smok ing coast and warned that Hal soys mighty battlewagons cruis ers and carriers would be back to repeat the destructive weekend strike the same time they said a force of 100 Mustang fighters from two lima picked up the attack Monday with a lowlevel straf ing raid on the Nagoya area of southern Honshu There was no official word on either Japanese report Halsey blacked out his fleet Sunday aft er ripping up 10 enemy cities over the weekend 2 of them torn opart from 1000 ton surface bombard ments Another enemy account said an American submarine surfaced off the northern end of Honshu Sun day afternoon and shelled Shiriya on Shimokita peninsula A communique from Fleet Ad miral Chester W Nimitz head quarters revealed that the ram paging American warships and carrier planes destroyed or dam aged 128 Japanese ships most of them in the watery trap between Honshu and Hokkaido and wrecked 92 enemy planes Satur day and Sunday Every type of warship in the vast American arsenal was now m action in an allout campaign to bring the enemy to battle and either bring Japan to its knees with bombs and shellfire or soft en it up for invasion At the same time a fleet of 50 to 13 B29 Superfortresses thun dered m from the Marianas Sun day night to splatter 350 tons ol fire bombs on the Nippon oil com pany plants at Kudamatsu on the southwestern tip of Honshu The B2Ds fought through a scattering of Japanese fighters and meager antiaircraft fire to stoke huge conflagrations in the refinery areas and returned with out loss Other weekend developments in the Pacific campaign included j rlmiz that tho V S 2nd marine division seized 2 new invasion springboards in the Kyukyus early in June at a cost of Z killed and 12 wounded The islands were Iheya and 301 miles from Kyushu and they gave the Americans their closest jump off points for the invasion of Ja pan Gen Barney M Giles former deputy commander of the 20th air force revealed that the new U S strategic air forca ha5 taken over the strategic bombing of Japan He promised that the combing of the enemy homeland would be redoubled in very short order as soon as the U S 8th air force arrives to join the 20th and
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