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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 7, 1945, Mason City, Iowa T NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ARCHIVES Ott KOISti iA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON crry IOWA SATURDAY JULY NO SUPERFORTS BURN JAP FACTORIES INSIDE WASHINGTON New LotinAmericon Highway Project Is Being Investigated Central Press Capital Staff on the Mead war investigating commit tee are privately digging into the circumstances surrounding the LatinAmerican highway project which calls for the construction o an 80 or 90mile strip in northern Nicaragua Republican senators on the com mittee intend to see to it that thorough investigation is made o several other projects includin contracts for construction of locks on the Panama Canal am for construction work at Pea Harbor One senator said that fanta lie prices were charged the ernment for rentals on equipme used on the LatinAmerican pro ject while the contractor retaine to the equipment a The German Ruhr industria center of the nazi reich continu to plague the allies in peace ju as it did in war A major headache in the allied plan on the future government of Germany is concerned the question ot what to do with Ger A man industry in the area along the Rhine No definite plans have been for mulated lor the control of the plants This is one of the Knumerous blank spots in the and British programs vlor the occupation of Germany ri What the allies do about the fu ture production and trade policies of these mammoth cartelized in dustries will in the opinion of Washington observers determine the possibility of another world war Japans behavior on the inter national political front now that Germany has folded has become as fumbling and confused as her military operations Oh one side Japan has been tryingto appease Bnssia and di vorce herself from her former antiBolshevik coalition with the late Benito Mussolini and the be llevedtobelate Adolf Hitler she formed that pact she thought it to be a keystone of a AUSSIES TURN SOUTHEAST FOR BORNEOS OIL Swift 5Day Drive Conquers Balikpapan Crosses Bay Easily Manila troops killing Japanese at the ratio oj 13 o 1 struck Saturday for south eastern Borneos richest oil fields after a whirlwind 5day invasion hrust that conquered Balikpapan its vital harbor and 2 supporting air bases The invasions first phase ended Thursday with a rapierlike drive across the bay 3 miles northwes of Balikpapan which knocked ou gun positions that might have harassed free use of Balikpapan excellent port With their backs to fearsome jungles the Borneo Japanes Congressman Flays Army for Spending Washington iP Representa tive Engcl R unofficial appropriations committee watch dog of army spending asserted Saturday the war department was throwing hardearned tax dollars down a rat hole Engel a member of the appro priations subcommittee handling war funds in a statement in the congressional record said that til lions of dollars have been spent QUESTION OF SUCCESSOR TO VINSON ARISES Former War Mobilizer Succeeds Morgenthau Who Gets Vacancy Washington Fred M Vinson will succeed Henry Mor genthau Jr as secretary of the i treasury and with hat question ment has not justified before any settled a new one arose Saturday congressional committee Who will succeed Vinson as di He emphasized that bis criti rector of war mobilization and re cism of army spending was not foreign policy that would pay dividends She kept this point oE view even when the Russians and Germans were bound by a nonaggression treaty By attacking Pearl Harbor at a falling back toward the big Sam bodja and Samarinda oil field northeast of Balikpapan had th mpleasant prospect of meetin headhunting dyaks andvene mous snakes whenever they de sert the coast for the unexplore nlerior Associated Press Correspondent Russell Brines said the Austral ans had plowed into some of the strongest Japanese defenses in the southwest Pacific when they stormed ashore just east of Balik papan In 5 days they seized Sepinc gang and Manggar air fields and the port of Balikpapan itself With the docks secured the Australians then moved west across the waters of Balikpapan bay traveling in amphibious tanks and landing craft manned by American fighting men Brines said that in the Balik papan operation to date ties might well have equalled those on bloody two Jima in view of the stout enemy defenses but they had been limited to 214 Australian dead 420 wounded and 22 miss ing Japanese have lost 3031 dead and 274 prisoners in all Borneo operations including those on the north coast Gen Douglas Mac Arthur reported The Australians hop across Balikpapan bay secured Penad jam Point site of Japanese coast al batteries and troops were thrusting inland across swampy ground against light opposition The Aussies now hold IS miles DESTROYER PLUNGES TO leave the scene as the William D Porter right bow U S Pacific fleet destroyer sinks after a fatal hit by a Japanese suicide plane off Okinawa early in June AP wirephoto from U S navy conversion directed at anyone in the the but was aimed swivelchair That one caught official of operations t ington flatfooted President Truat some ot tnese mans decision to appoint the 55gentlemen whcget on a plane and yearold Kentuckian to the cab few weeks come back with yearo enucan o e c inet announced by a white house more ribbons on theirchests than aide Friday leaves wide open a Eisenhower Braaley Clark or job that is so important its holder MacArthur ever received has been called assistant presi Since 1941 he said congres dent lhas given the army more thai has spen ex Senates Crowded Schedule Darkens Prospects of Quick Reconversion Tax Revisions Washington burden of work facing the senate Saturday darkened the prospect for speedy enactment of tax law revisions boosting by the cash position of business and industry in the reconversion period time when it looked as though the j of the coast from Penadjam to German jauggernaut would ham Manggar airfield 10 air miles mer through to Moscow Japan j northeast of Balikpapan Sam gave further evidence to her anti bodja is 15 miles north of the air Communist commitment But now field her spokesman eagerly points out that the trlpartite pact no long er exists and that she is no longer bound by nazi commitments Many Japanese broadcasts pay tribute to a Russia regenerated by the soviet system Others con tend that Russia has many attrii A butes in common with the Asiatic IVl J3 P A PThVIV But Moscow is becoming more upjlt was confirmed and more m its tough Saturday ihat a japanese spy ring attempted to assassinate Gen Jap Spies Tried to Kill CIVILIAN TRAVEL PROSPECTS BAD No Pullman Space for Trips Under 450 Miles Washington UR1 Civilians barred from sleeping cars on train runs of 450 miles or less Satur day faced the prospect of even greater reductions in sleeping car accommodations in the near fu ture Further cuts in sleeping car use for civilians may depend on the extent to which the 450 mile lim it which goes into effect July 15 eliminates conditions which today are forcing thousands of soldiers to travel long distance in day coaches A total of about 895 additional sleepers are expected to be avail able to the armed services as a result of the 450 mile order an nounced late Friday by the office of defense transportation Whether that additional num ber cars would handle the large numbers of troops pouring into east coast ports headed for various parts of the country was problematical The latest travel restrictions and the previous 5 day limit on that The house approved the busi nessaid bill Friday by a 245 to 91 vote Chairman Connally DTex of the senate foreign relation committee and a member of th finance committee said he die not know when the tax bill wil be taken UP He said he was in terested in getting the unite fl na tions charter through the scnal first of all L Congressional fax leaders pre viously had hoped that the bill might go to the white house be fore any summer recess is taken by congress The house turned down 120 to 95 a proposal to reduce excess profits taxes by this year through a retroactive in crease to last January 1 of ex emptions under the excess profits STRIKE OUTLOOK IS IMPROVED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS There was red in the skies over he worlds 2nd largest steel mill again Saturday a reflection of a brighter picture on the nations Vinson the shaggybrowed for 000000 and ithas i nor congressman nd onetime 0000 000 ederal ppointed secri ry until Mr vil n actually be dusive of recently etary of the treas voted for the current fiscal year ry Truman returns By the middle of 1946 Engel rom the Big 3 meeting in Gerestimated total army appropria many later in the summer itions since 1941 will exceed by When he does take office it will 564000000000 the assessed valua e his 4th lofty executive position lion of every piece of u a little more than 2 years real and personal in the 48 slates Since President Boosevelt called as II was assgssed a him off the U S court of appeals District of Columbia in May 1943 he has been tax However the bill provides that the excess profits exemption shall troubled labor scene A 24hour work stoppage at the iuge south Chicago works of the CarnegieIllinois steel corpora tion ended late Friday night pav ing the way for 13000 steelwork ers to go back to their war jobs Furnaces were relighted as pro duction of steel for the war wa resumed There xvere other bright spo in the labor picture Aiso aifec ing steel in dustry was the ending of a 5 day stoppage by 100 ClOUnited Steelworkers which had closed Republic Steel corporations con tinuous strip mill in Cleveland and threatened to halt finishing units for lack of materials They voted to return to work Monday Also on the credit side was the ndefinite postponement of a rike of about 30000 employes of he Western Electric companys 3 New Jersey and 3 New York lants The workers producing 1 Director of economic stabiliza tion until March of this year 2 Federal loan administrator or exactly one month 3 Director of war mobilization and reconversion since April 1 An admiring senate approved his various appointments without a murmur Some in Washington puzzled SENATE HURRIES TO RATIFY Nicaragua Becomes 1 st 126MILE AREA IN INDUSTRIAL CITIES RUINED 5 Cities Targets in Huge Raid Aluminum Oil Centers Raided Guam fires touched off by about GOO nightraiding Superforts blazed through 5 Jap anese cities Saturday adding ma or aluminum producing and oil refinery areas to the 126 square niles of industrial Japan already uiocked out by B2Qs As jubilant airmen returning from Saturdays predawn strike told of gigantic conflagrations they had lighted the 21st bomber com mand announced reconnaissance photographs showed 5 additional square miles burned out in recent strikes on 5 other cities They were Kure Himeji Kumamoto Ube on Honshu Island and Kochi on Shikoku This makes the 126 square mile total Additionally an engineering works was wrecked and an oil re finery damaged Another major oil refinery hit Saturday in perhaps the largest raid of the war blazed through the clouds like a terrific tropical unset The greatest blaze lighted by the Superforts 4000 tons ot ncendiaries and high explosives vas in Japans largest aluminum jroducing center The mission was the ith in 6 days in which the B29s have dumped 11000 tons of bombs on Japan Meanwhile assorted American Nation to Okay Charter some m w i he their impression that moving States senate kept to its hurryup from assistantpresident to sco schedule on the united nahon rVinrtpr Snturdav althouen it na talk with Japan Toward China on the other and more civilians would to compete for already hand Tokyo is taking a somewhat different tack the Douglas MacArthur 7 spies who took part n plot all were caught and Chungking is being told that ashanged otl Juire 7 and 8 They m sociation with the soviet union cluded 4 japanese civilians 2 will mean only that the Russian Jnese soidiers an5 Filipino attitude toward Poland will be followed in regard to China The The spies nriUratel American implication is that a communist hines after MacArthur arrived at regime will be set up in China Manila They were armed with with soviet backing if Russia enrevolvcrs and grenades and they into the war against Japan matie attempts to get within range The armys psychological MocArthur However they fare division isnt permitting never able to get close self a lusty slap on the back enougn to do any damage meanwhile but it is Quietly hopeThe plotters asked too many f ul that its surrender leaflets may questions and that probably was pay bip dividends in Japan their undoing They persistently PWD points out that the red questj0ned Manila residents about white and blue leaflets dropped MacArthurs movements They on enemy lines in Okinawa ajso had been instructed to de brought an unprecedented numUermine the schedule of move ber of prisoners in during the ments of other high officers here closing phase of that bloody bit terlyfought battle PWD considers thin little of a major achievement It the ageold indoctrination meth ods of Bushido which left a Japa nese soldier no alternative but honorable death in battle in stead of surrender PWDs surrender campaign in more have crowded day coach space The latest travel directive re serves for exclusive military use about twothirds the nations Pullman sleeping cars The army will continue to have priority on remaining Pullman space The net effect of the order will be to cut out entirely the sleep ing cars on such heavily traveled routes as New York and Wash ington New York and Buffalo New York and Boston Chicago and Cleveland Chicago and St Louis and St Louis and Kansas City On longer runs than 450 miles trains will continue to use Pull mans and civilians may buy space as long as it is available be boosted from 310000 to 000 for the tax year beginning next January 1 cutting excess profits payments next year by approximately Other improvements to the cash position of business intended to aid reconversion would be ac complished by speedingup post war rebates and refunds on ex cess profits and other tax provi sions already stipulated in pres ent law The legislation makes no chang in individual or corporation in come tax rates Proponents arguec that it alters very little the ulti mate tax obligations of any busi ness concern Opponents charged that cuts a melon of millions of do lars for some railroads and bene Cits those who made excess profits out of the war Europe reached its height during the final days of the war when thousands upon thousands of de jected threw down their arms and t td More Butter for Civilians in August Buy your Bonds anc Stamps from your GlobeGazctt carrier boy ital war materials had voted on une 28 to strike over demands or wage increases Return of the 13000 steel work rs to the CarnegieIllinois plant educed the number of idle in the ountry because of labor disputes o approximately 40000 This numbers included 15500 striking employes of the Firestone Tire ind Rubber company in Akron Ohio the nations largest single stoppage The oneday strike at the Car negieIllinois plant by 164 mem bers of the United Steel Workers CIO was in protest over a sys tem of layoffs They were em ployed on the narrow gauge rail road which carries raw and fin retary of the treasury is not ex actly a promotion were wonder ing whether President Truman plans for Vinson to hold both jobs at once It has been suggested too that Truman intends to make one job out of it by merging the war mobilization office with the treas ry But officials familiar with the mmense scope of the 2 positions ere inclined to think this im ractical They pointed out that espite the importance of Vinsons resent assignment the treasury s a permanent spot in the official amily The war mobilization of ce eventually will fade in im portance On the assumption that Truman vilt name a successor to Vinson s assistant president few ob ervers had any names to put for vard One suggestion was that Truman will turn to congress for a man and that Senator Walter George Georgia democrat who ad often been mentioned as a ikely choice for treasury secre ary may become war mobilizer No Fine for Careless ished materials Without this transportation no major depart ments could function and as result of the stoppage a compan spokesman said production of 10 500 tons of steel was lost Th strikers voted to return to wor after a meeting at vhich mil tary officials urged them to ent their stoppage Drivers Officers Paris III Al Ma lone gave the police department motorcycle a trial spin Thes were the results He bumped over 4 curbs side swiped a print shop ran into tree and crashed through a nig board fence charter Saturday although lost the race to make the United States the first nation to ratify Tiny Nicaragua in Central America became the first nation to formally subscribe to the char ter of the new world peace league Friday night when its congress ssed and its president signed he historic document President Truman has expressed mself as hoping this country ould be the first or at least one the first to ratify the charter ith hopes of being numberone ne administration leaders in nate undoubtedly will concen rate on making the U S one cf very early rst among the big powers Chairman Tom Connally D ex of the senate foreign rela ions committee said Saturday lat the speedup schedule on the larter would be maintained de jite the fact that the senate is ccumulating a backlog of other Jusiness Committee hearings on the barter are scheduled to star ext Monday and Connally hope o wind them up in one week He vants to start floor debate July 6 and have the charter ratifiec y Aug 1 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy trudged across to positions the American NotF rom a Source Usually Found Reliable Fairbanks Alaska J Strandberg is a little disturbed about the effect of war on the younger generation He found this heartenclosed message chalked on the sidewalk Tommy loves Helen And be neath it another childish scrawl This is an unconfirmed report Washington govern ment will make about 12 per cent more butter available for civilians in will permit a slight reduction in the ration point value effective July 29 This was announced Saturday by Secretary of Agriculture An derson and Price Administrator Bowles The new point value to be an nounced later is expected to be 20 points a pound compared with 24 at present The civilian supply for Augxist will be 90000000 pounds com pared with about 80000000 pounds in each of the past few months This increase results Anderson said from a revision in war re quirements Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday no de cided change in temperatures Iowa Generally fair and a little w a m e r Saturday Saturday night and Sunday except local tliundershowers in north Satur day and west Sunday Minnesota Generally fair Satur day night Sunday partly cloudy with a few widely scatteret brief light showers No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 78 Minimum Friday 54 At 8 a m Saturday 64 YEAR AGO Maximum 86 Minimum 61 Precipitation 36 tactical planes notably 100odd Mustangs from Iwo Jima beat up airfields around Tokyo and on Kyushu with scanty enemy op position Targets in the big B29 strike in the dark hours night and dawn were SHIMIZIT 20 miles southwest of Mt Fuju and site of a plant that produced half Japans alum inum SIIEMOTSU 35 miles southwest of Osaka and site of the big Maureen oil refinery one of the empires most vital plants KOFU 70 miles west of Tokyo ity of 100000 with rail shops pinning mills and military bar acks CHIBA 20 miles southeast of okyo on Tokyo bay railway unction and military depot ccn and Akashi home factory he Kawasaki Aircraft company lit in 4 previous raids and al 71 per cent destroyed The Tokyo radio admitting raids on 5 cities claimed most ot he fires were put under control by dawn Saturday from 6 to 8 lours after the first raiders struck The Japanese said the raids lasted from 3 A to 4 hours The enemy broadcast listed one target as Kainan but this is only 4 miles from Shimotsu and apparently the same locality was meant Most spectacular blow of the a was struck at Shimizu where re turning flyers used the word conflagration superlative in the fiery language of B29 To meet that schedule lie is to describe the results hopeful the senate con clean up I There as elsewhere there were Teachers Plan Own Job Bureau Des Moines plan for es tablishing ployment its own teachers em agency was adopter unanimously at a meeting Satur day of the Iowa State Teacher association executive board Charles F Martin of Maquokea president of the association an nounced Immediate steps would be tak en Martin said to provide ade quate office facilities and in moderate Glowing gold and crimson during committee hearings sev few lighters up and flak eral other pending questions They include the Bretton Woods monetary agreement the contro versial war agencies appropria ions bill the tax measure ap proved Friday by the house and a postwar airport construction measure hrough the clouds the Maruzcn efinery looked like a terrific ropical sunset said Capt Carle on Lee of Atlanta Ga The clouds below us were like a solid sheet of flame Another flyer said he could smell the refinerys burning oil Bombers who hit Kofu reported chtine large fires burning be neath he clouds while those at Chiba set fires which pushed up towering smoke columns 20000 feet into the clear sky above the uniJcrcast Observation at Akashi was limited Saturdays raid raised the total of Japans burnedout industrial areas to more than 120 square miles and increased to 30 the num ber of enemy cities hit in 41 in cendiary assaults While the B29s were making their strike the 1th fighter com mand on Iwo Jima announced fts 3rd straight day of poor hunting n a persistent challenge to Jap anese airmen over the Tokyo area ONCE HOUSED THE GERMAN MINISTRY OP is the wrecked German ministry of propaganda building in Berlin from which the German people were fed a doctrine of world conquest Henry L Griffin Associated Press staff photographer made this picture creased personnel to handle the service It would be available to all full contributing members of the association upon payment of a small registration fee he added No commission would be charged Martin said the service would save members oj the association many thousands of dollars each year besides providing a type of placement service high In the field of persona service to its members the association was entering a new field of en deavor A sampling of teachers had revealed practically a unani mous desire for the association to provide the service In strafinsr 3 airfields Friday they destroyed 8 enemy planes and damaged 25 hut only one ot those destroyed and 6 of those damaged were airborne The remainder were parked The flyers scouted 9 other fields and said they looked like junk heaps of alreadywreck ed aircraft The 5th air force newly based on Okinawa went over Kyushu on July 4 for the 2nd consecutive day but met no air opposition in raids on air fields Gen Douglas Mac Arthur announced at Manila Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaxette carrier boy
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