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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS tou u United Prea Vim Five Cents Copy MASON CITI IOWA MONDAY JUtY 2 1945 This Paper Coosicta of Two NO na UST RATIFY CHARTER TRUMAN e Mans nnion Commentary by EARL HALL Editor raw seem SCHEDULE CilT 6 p day M p m Of 3 other incy without an STRIKEBOUND PLANTS EXPECT SETTLEMENTS 38000 Strikers Seem Ready to Return But 50000 Others Idle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Some 38000 persons appeared to be ready to resume work Mon tion the people of Britain baring to go to the polls 5 and 6 to cast their votes bst Americans who assume parallel between the and the British voting have some rather erron Tnotions about whats going ice place believe that all voters confronted with a ballot vhich they will make a check k or a cross before either the le of Winston Churchill or e opponent That isnt the case ill a matter of fact Britains me minister as a person will passed on by only very important con uency near London He wil standing for election to the ouse of commons The office rime minister isnt decided by topnlar vote It isnt like electing president Its about this whole situation iat1 want to visit with you in ills commentary I hope you wil and pit interesting There are hose who contend that the British sarliamentary system is more ef licient and more democratic than our presidential system Lets taki a look BRITISH election jus A ahead will involve the entire Membership of pfcdrn rions the lower of parlia which isfar in the Great Britain than our house of representatives In America1the house and the K senate are prettymuch corequal but in Britain the house of com really runsthe show The other branch of parliament the house of lords is not elected at all and there is nothing in Britain that corresponds to our 48 state governments Member ship in the house of lords is by appointment Its powers ire ex tremely circumscribed The most can do is hold up a bill for a 2year period As Ive said the loose of commons really runs the snow In that chamber are 615 mem aers Of these 602 represent con stituencies in England Scotland and Wales and there are 13 from North Ireland At present the iverage population of the con stituencies is 70000 substantial ly smaller than pur American congressional districts THE LAST general election in Britain was in November 1935 In that vote the conserva tive party headed by Neville Chamberlain won a commanding majoi The 2 major opposition partie jwere labor and liberal Althoy h they supported the Chamt prlain government on basic war auestions no coalition was formed On May 8 1940 by heavy ma jority a lack of confidence in Chamberlains conduct of the war was registered Two days later he resigned and suggested to the king ihat Winston Churchill be asked to form a new government This waswilhout general election Mr Churchill was able to ob tain the prorcjse of support from all 3 major parties for his con duct of the war and the coalition government which he formed at that time remained in existence until May 23 1945 The war in Europe was over and a general election seemed desirable The dates were set UNDER THE British system there is supposed to be a parliamentary election every years The war changed that ol course The campaign is limited to 3 weeks Britain right now is in the midst of that campaign The fur is really flying Throughout the war there has been an assumption that a gen 5ral election would be held im Jjmediately after the war There the I think it wzs by it be delayed until the end ijof the Japanese war The only I question was the timing Immediately following VE day Churchill head of the con ytttrvative party wrote to the Jileaders of the other parties in the 1 coalition inviting them to remain in office until the end of the Japa nese war The labor party javer declined asking instead tha jthe coalition be continued unti fall Churchill said If theres to an election lets have it now Continued 2 day in strikebound plants but 50100 remained idle while the overnment took over operation of a Texas company refinery where 250 employes were out The situation by industries of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co and the Libbey OwensFord Co strikebound for 10 days were to resume opera tions Monday AFLCIO jurisdic tional dispute which had made 23000 persons idle in auto plants appeared smoothed out Some 22 000 men were going back at Pack ard Motor Co and another 1000 at the Motor Products CorpJ De troit planned to return number of idle in Akron swelled to 31700 bringing an almost complete shut down of the industry as 16300 at the Firestone Tire and Rubber companyjoined 16700 strikers at the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co Another 1000 in Goodyears Lincoln Nebr plant were work less because of the lack of parts in the manufacture of selfsealing gas tanks Petroleum The governmen took over operation of the Texas companys Port Arthur refinery under terms of a presidential or der which asserted the dispute with the oil workers internationa union threatened irre parable damage to the war effort o 600 tfamisewice employejttot tvijc rdactsliieChi cagp Aurora andElgih hicTfgorNorth Shore and Milwau ee scheduled to have begun a am Monday was postponed In Memphis Tenn a strike o 50 mechanics of Dixie Greyhound and a sympathy strike of abou onethird of the systems driver ied up 50 per cent of the com janys service in eight states midnight Saturda 87 Minnesota grain weigher struck in protest against a overtime law providing time am a half after 48 hours instead o ihe previous 40 hours Minneap olis and St Paul grain movements were tied up 700 memberso lie AFL carpenters joint counci struck against 5 Detroit lumbe companies Fires Sweep 4 Vital Jap Industrial Cities OIL oil drums sent billowing black smoke thousands of feet in the air Sunday as flames destroyed the Franklin Oil companys reclaiming plant at Miami injuring at least 13 persons Firemen and servicemen fought the flames together AP wirephoto Firm But Honest Dealings With Russia Expected From Secretary of State Byrnes BULLETIN Washington F Byrnes was confirmed unanimously by the senate Monday as secretary of state succeeding Edward R Stettinius Jr Washington senate will be asked Monday to confirm a secretary of stateone of its former members who believes the Unitec StatesjhbulddealiwithRussia but honest manner nlml1C IniactJamesF Bymeswhoiename PresSdsntTrrimaais Boirfatwe v ingup for confirmation is generally known for his straightforward placed in industrial areas f B29S OVER JAPAN AGAIN Before Fires Cool Superforts Strike Washington JP Superfort resses returned to Japan Monday less than 24 hours after striking the heaviest aerial blow of the war against the empire in fire raids on centers 4 important industrial The new raid carried out by a medium force of about 50 B29s was directed against industrial plants at Shimotsu south of OsaRa on the main Japanese home island of Honshu The from the Marianas delivered the attack at night Japanese dropping explosive bombs Headquarters of the 20th air force here reported the attack and said that details will be released when the bombers return to their bases WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED FBESS troops stormed rich oil port of Balikpapan Dutch East Borneo with light losses after a 16day U S bombard ment 600 Superfortresses largest fleet of sky giants yet assembled spewed a record 4000 tons of fire bombs on Kure Nippons greatest naval base and 3 important Japanese manufactur ing cities mopping up in the Philippines raised Japa nese casualties to 419035 including last weeks total of 5240 dead and 711 prisoners captured Weichow island off Chinas south coast Three Japaneseheld IndoChina towns fell to Chinese forces push ing into French colony on 100mile front Chinese advanced toward former V S airfields Kweilin and Tanchuk South China troops captured 2 enemyheld villages in Sittang river valley 71 miles northeast of Rangoon manner Ob servers believe open the way to a hew era of plain speaking in U S foreign policy Mr Truman announced Byrnes appointment oii Saturday shortly after the chief executive had re vealed that former Secretary Ed ward R Stettinius Jr had re signed to take over the job of chief U 5 delegate to the world security league Under present law Byrnes would succeed to the presidency in the event of President Tru mans death or disability prior to the next presidential election in 1948 The state command is departments high as anxious as the Hickenlooper Pledges to Okay Charter Cedar Rapids U S Sen ator B B Hickenlooper of low planned to be in the senate cham bers Monday when the unite nations charter is presented and will vote for its ratification he said here in an interview before leaving for Washington Hickenlooper did not predict senate action on the charter but asserted that debate on the char ter will be of a highly educational value for the country adding that the public should follow it closely so it can understand just what the conference did Iowas junior senator who left here Saturday night predicted senate confirmation of the nomi nation of James F Byrnes of South Carolina for secretary of state He termed Byrnes a very capable fellow The united nations conference may not have accomplished everything that many of us hoped Hickenlooper said but it accomplished a great deal and public to know what changes the 6G year old former assistant president intends to make in the U S diplomatic corps The resig nations of Undersecretary of State Joseph C Grew and the 6 as sistant secretaries picked by Stet tinius are in President Trumans desk drawer Persons close to the 7 officials revealed that they themselves had no idea yet whether any or all of the resignations would be accept ed Some changes seemedcertain is certainly direction a step in the right Take It Easy on July 4 Health Department Warns Des Moines JP The state health department in some pre July 4 holiday advice urged lowans just to take it easy Holiday picnickers were warned to watch out for diseasespread ing ticks and mosquitoes not to swim alone to use care to pre vent sunstroke heat exhaustion and sunburn and to use all pre caution on boating expeditions For motorists who have saved up some gasoline the department noted that a big accident toll on the 4th would mean that it was a better holiday for the Japs than for us however and observers felt that Byrnes wouM waste little time in making them He has been around Washington for 35 years enough to have set opinions about the men now responsible for carrying out U S foreign policy Some usually competent persons suggested that James C Dunn assistant secretary in charge of political affairs outside this hem isphere might be assigned to Stettinius when he begins his work on the united nations se curity organization Possibly Leo T Pasvolsky a powerful behind thescenes assistant to the secre tary of state also will be trans ferred to the united nations staff The futures of Grew and As sistant Secretary Julius C Holmes were question marks but the re maining 2 assistant secretaries economic boss William C Clayton and congressional liaison man Dean Acheson were expected to retain their portfolios BRITISH SUB SINKS CRUISER 10 Other Jap Vessels Bagged in S Pacific Washington navy an nounced Monday a sinking of a Japanese cruiser by a British sub marine operating under American control in the southwest Pacific In addition the communique said U S submarines have re ported the sinking of 10 enemy vessels in far eastern waters The 10 were listed as a con verted gun boat a patrol escort vessel 4 medium merchant ves sels a large tanker 2 small mer chant vessels and a small tanker The cruiser was of the Haguro class Janes fighting ships de scribed this class as of 10000 ton standard displacement with a complement of 692 and carrying 10 eightinch guns A navy spokesman said the British identified the submarine which sank the cruiser as the HMS Trenchant United States submarines have sunk a total of 1163 combatant and nonc ombatant Japanese ships This does not include the sinking of the cruiser announced Monday Guam greatest flood of fire ever unleashed in warfare leaped through 4 of Japans im portant industrial centers Mon day bursting from a record 4 000 tons of incendiary bombs Nearly 6 DO record number over Japan at one down the fire bombs with good to excellent re Most clearly visible target was Ube Japans greatest magnesium producing to the air craft industry The entire wa terfront was aflame crewmen Bonifaswere yciiortacl vn in industrial areas Other aerial blows by smaller planes harrassed the enemy froin Java to Japans inland sea sink ing or damaging 26 ships and crippling airfields and supply bases The B29s in their barest at tack of the war struck before dawn at these fire bombed for the first time naval base and shipyard on the inland sea a city of 275000 about 200 miles west of Osaka on the southern coast of Honshu bottle neck rail transportation at the western entrance to the inland sea the city of 196000 served as the embarkation point for troops and supplies moving to Korea and North China Kumamoio transportation commercial and militarytraining center a city of 210000 it was one of the most important industrially in western Kyushu coal producing cen ter and top magnesium maker of the empire lies 25 miles east of Shimonoseki near southwestern tip of Honshu Returning crewmen said cloud cover prevented full observation of results at all targets except Ube which was hit by the 313th wing based on Tinian Pilots said the whole Ube waterfront was ablaze with the Superforts fire bomb loads wellplaced within in dustrial areas of the city Allies Dominate All Borneo as Aussies Smash Ashore at Balikpapan Near Oilfields Manila troops made a successful major landing at Balikpapan Sunday in the 3rd phase of a triple invasion of Borneo Gen Douglas MacArihur who is in personal command said this secured domination of all Boreno split the East Indies and virtually completed allied tactical of the entire southwest Pacific Japanese resistance was aggres sive to light as the tough infantry and tank troopers of the veteran Australian 7th division smashed ashore in the suburbs the far easts greatest oil center behind the most intensive preinvasion bombardment yet unleashed in this theater Opposition increased as the Australians thrust steadily inland By the middle of the afternoon they had won the last ridge look ing down on the ruins of the town andrefinery and its stillblazing oilstQrage tanks They had taken an elaborate series of runnelsand pillboies which the Japanese had deserted in the face of the furiotis naval and air onslaught Toughest opposition was on this last ride which Associated Press Correspondent James Hntcheson said was littered with dead Japa nese many of whom obviously had been killed by bombs and artil lery fire although others were chopped down by Australian ma chine gunners and tanks Although commanders had an ticipated strong defense of this stronglygunned enemy base first losses were declared officially to have been light This was due in part to the 3 500 ton monthlong preinvasion bombing by the U S 13th and 5th air forces and to the shell and rocket fire from the U S 7th fleet with Dutch and Australian units supporting the landing Their weight of metal was de scribed as heavier than the com bined tonnage fired in the Leyte Lingayen gulf Luzon and Manila areas The Japanese shore guns which had escaped bcinc knocked out in a monthIon aerial softeningup observation fired back sporadi cally at some of the more than 300 invasion ships bat their defense was ineffective The landing ships swept direct ly up to the beaches through channls which had been cleared of countless mines and buoyec by daring fleet minesweepers who perated under Japanese gunfire or 35 days before the invasion American underwater demoli on swimmers went in 6 days be ore Dday and worked neckdeep n the surf removing fixed ob tacles while planes guarded them rom Japanese gunfire MacArthur himself went ashor nd climbed to a bridge for a iew of the inferno of smashei 11 installations I think today we settled th core of that Makacsar Straits af air of years ago he com mented referring to the bold bu airi effort of 4 old 4stack Amor caa destroyers ih Jan uarj 1 3 o stop the Japanese convoys leading south for the invasion of ava Iowa Farmer Wins Nation s Top Award for Heroism Doughfeet Dedicate Statue to Their Buddy the Late Ernie Pyle Ie Shima Rynkyu Islands of the 77th infantry di vision dedicated a monument Monday to Ernie Pyle on the spot where he was killed by a Japa nese sniper bullet April 18 The concrete monument re placing a painted board sign which was erected at the time of the correspondents death bears 2 brass plaques made from shell casings One contains the Statue of Liberty shoulder patch design of the 77th the other reads On this spot the 77th infantry division lost a buddy Ernie Pyle April 18 1945 A combat engineer group of the division erected the monument Washington JP Staff Sgt Hcrschel F Pete Brilcs a tall Iowa farmer who wants to go back to tilling the soil Monday was holder of the congressional medal of honor the nations highest dec oration for bravery The 6 foot 2 native lowan who rescued 4 wounded comrades from 2 shellsmashed flaming tank destroyers and forced surrender of 55 Germans in 2 days of fight ing was the 3rd soldier from Iowa to win the award He now is vis iting in Iowa Lt Dale E Christensen Gray and Capt Barrel R Lindsey Fort Dodge each has been awarded the decoration posthumously Briles who farmed near Colfax before entering the service early in 1941 was cited for bravery shown in action near Scherpen seel Germany last Nov 2021 The army gave this report Enemy artillery had opened up on a tank destroyer platoon which Briles was leading and a shell struck a destroyer several yards behind Briles vehicle The direct hit set the destroyer ablaze kill ing 1 crewman and injuring 2 others HERSCHEL BRILES Braving artillery back momentarily by flames as tried to get in its turret he bea out some of the flames with hi bare hands and crawled in Hi carried out the 2 wounded men and returned to quench the blaz with a fire extinguisher The following morning Brile sighted German infantry advanc ing against the American lines The lowan drove his deslroye against this force penned it i with deadly fire from his ma chinegun and forced 55 Germans to surrender A junction between America units which had been held up fo days was facilitated by thisaction which eliminated a G e r m a wedge Again the same day Briles vat the help of another soldier evacu ated 2 wounded under heavy fin after a shell had hit and set fir to another of the platoons tani destroyers Risking death from exploding ammunition Briles re turned to put but the blaze Briles is a veteran of campaign in north Africa Sicily ltaly th Dday invasion in France Bel and rifle fire Brife ran back to He was amon the cnppled destroyer Turned the first to cross the Rhine Reconversion Slips Into High Gear Washington govern nent slipped its reconversion pro ram into high gear Monday Consumers however must wait most ongmissing household appliances eturn in quantity to stores The war production board re eased 3 free supply of metal or civilian goods the amount de pending on what is left over from var demands It also began a scrapping over the next lalfyear of its priority system or all hut munitions items Yet electric and gas refrig erators for instance will not each stores until September or October and then probably as demonstrator models In other words housewives will Je able to see the new machines and enroll their names on deal ers lists of buyers In most ases however the customer will far down the purchasers already have ordered ight unseen Moreover government officials jelieve it will be the middle of 1916 before refrigerators are reely available for walkin suyers and perhaps o to 6 years jefore the refrigerator makers lave to start pushing sales instead of merely accepting orders Similar guideposts for a dozen other scarce or unobtainable con sumer items were compiled tak ing into account the continuing scarcity ot some materials and parts the volume of war work re maining in many plants and the heavy pentup consumer demand These showed Reach Stores Good Supply Refrigerators EeplOct Mid1946 Wash Mach Late Aug End of 1946 Var A few now Oct 1946 Sew Mach NovDcc Fall 194S Elec Irons Some now Mid1345 Alarm Clocks Borne now IMS Galv Ware Now Late 7945 Scissors Now Late 1045 Plate SIKer Notv Late 1945 Guesses at the length of lime it would take to convert the pres ent sellers market into a buyers is when strong pro motion must be exerted to keep np total about as fol lows Washing machines 5 to 8 years vacuum cleaners 5 to 8 years sewing machines 5 to 6 years electric irons 3 years alarm clocks 18 months to 2 years gal vanized ware 1 year scissors ant shears 15 months plated silver ware 35 months So heavyis the demand fo military radar and radio that of ficial sources said no home radio would reach the market befor early 1946 if that early SENATE HAS 2 ALTERNATIVES HE DECLARES Choice Is Between This Charter and No Charter at All Tru man presented the united nations charter in person to the senate Monday and urged its prompt ratification The choice before the senate is now clear said the chief execu ive in a brief speech The choice is not between this charter and something else It is etween this charter and no char ter at all The senate must ratify the unit ed nataions charter for world se curity to assure this nations par Jcipation The president went to the cipl o less Uian 24 hours after his re turn from San Francisco where he addressed the closing session of the united nations conference which drafted the blueprint for a lasting peace f This charter points down the only road to enduring peace the president said There is no other Let us not hesitate to join hands with the peaceloving peoples of the earth and start down that road firm resolve that we can and will reach our goal Mr Truman reviewed the con gressional background favoring an international peace the Connally lasting peace resolu tion and the Fulbright resolution of the house which were adopted more than a year told the senate the peoples of the earth will watch our action here with great concern and high hope For tbey loot to this body of elected representatives of the peo ple ot llieXmHea States to take the lead in approving ibz charter and statute and pointing the way for the rest of the world he said The president made no attempt to go into the details of the char ter telling his former colleagues he was sure they are familiar with its proposed workings and that they will be thoroughly discussed in senate debate Declaring the charter the pro duct of many hands and influ ences Mr Truman said it comes from the reality of experience in world where one generation has ailed twice to keep the peace he lessons of that experience iave been written into the docu ment He urged the senate in its de iberations to consider not only he words but the spirit of the document Its objectives he said re clear It seeks to prevent wars It seeks to settle international isputes by peaceful means and in onformity with principles of jus ice It seeks to promote worldwide progress and better standards of iving It seeks to achieve universal cspect for and observance of hu man rights and fundamental free doms for all men and vithout distinction as to race anguage or religion It seeks to remove the econptn c and social causes of internation al conflict and unrest I urge ratification I urge prompt ratification The president traveled a farnil lar path in his appearance in the time as ambassador or the nations that want freedom irom war 1st Armored to Aid Occupation Rome of the TJ S 1st armored division from Italy to become part of the American occupation force was disclosed Monday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Mon daynight and Tuesday Warmer Tuesday Iowa Fair Monday and Monday night Increasing cloudiness Tuesday with a few scattered afternoon showers in west por tion Warmer Tuesday and in northwest and extreme north portions Monday Minnesota Fair and rather cool Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer with a few widelyscattered showers west Wednesday partly cloudy and mild IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 3 Minimum Sunday 54 At 8 a m Monday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 63 Precipitation 78
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