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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND AR COUP MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY I Japs Report Yank Blow Off Okinawa ISLAND CLOSER TO COAST OF CHINA IS SITE Superfort Attack Ignites Biggest Nip Aviation Gas Plant Guam said Wed nesday that American invasion forces enlarging their Ryukyus springboard for landings in Japan and possibly China stormed ashore Tuesday on Kume island 50 miles west of Okinawa The Japanese garrison inter cepted the invaders and heavy fighting is under way Badio Tok yo said Capture of Kume would give the Americans their closest base yet to the China coast 360 miles to the west The tiny island lies m the East China sea some 300 miles northeast of Formosa and 400 miles southwest of Japan proper There was no immediate con firmation of the landing report from American sources but Tokyo said Tuesday that 200 American warships and landing craft were assembled in the Americanheld Kerama islands half way between Okinawa and Kume for new land ings in the Ryukyu island chain or possibly in Japan itself In invasionjittery Japan the enemys biggest surviving oil re finery blazed following an attack by SO Superfortresses just before midnight Tuesday night The B29s bombed the Utsube river oil refinery 18 miles south west of Nagoya only 14 hours after nearly 500 more of the big bombers had raided 10 aircraft and arms plants in first time that Superfortresses have nit Japan instrength twice in 24 hours Utsube river refinery was Japans Jargest fproducerVof ayja Radfo Tokyo conceded that fires started In the attack but said all were quickly brought un der It said bombers also attacked the coastal area south of Nagoya through an overcast Returning airmen reported good to excellent results in the large scale daylight raid Tuesday de spite soupy weather that iced their planes Mustangs escorting the bombers shot down 2 inter cepting enemy planes and dam aged 6 but 5 B29s were lost One Mustang was also lost but the pilot was rescued at sea More than 70 Superfortresses made emergency landings on Iwo at one time landing at the rate of one every 30 to 45 seconds Most ran short of gasoline but others had been damaged over Japan Various Tokyo broadcasts h a claimed that 27 or 28 B29s ha been shot down and 44 to 66 othe damaged Other planes of the Pacific air forces sank or damaged 23 mor ships along a 5000mile arc fror Borneo to the Kurile islands ntrt ofJapan Flyers under Admira Chester W Nimitzs Pacific com mand accounted for 8 and thos under Gen Douglas Mac Arthur la Nimitz announced that scare manners of fleet air wing on sank a medium freightertrans port in the Yellow sea and 2 lug gers off the south coast of Ky ushu on Tuesday Search priva teers of fleet air wing 18 sank a cargo ship 3 fishing vessels and a lugger south of Honshu th same day Aleutianbased Liberators o the llth air force bft Installations Kmabu cape on Paranrashiro m the Knriles Monday while ma rine planes battered the Saka inima islands southwest of Oki nawa Monday and Tuesday Organized Jap Resistance in Philippines Nears End as Allied Pincers Close t United N Consists of Two One YANKS GAttt ON Arrows locale American drives on Luzon toward Tuguegarao Cagayan valley town now In control of Philippine guerrillas Shaded area is Japaneseheld AP wirephoto Hitler Hacf Strange Idea of Americans Berchtesgaden Hit er regarded the average American as a screwball who joined the army for excitement and the U S lome front as a collection of il iterates dominated by Great Brit That at least was the irapres Jon Hitler left with a ie r m a n stenographers now made a 1 record of M to the Ukraine Hitler who never traveled out me Germany and Austria except or a few brief visits to European countries overran by his armies early in the war had some com r f insane ideas about the United States and Americans h L notary advisers shared his cockeyed views which may explain why the nazis so con sistently underestimated the war raaking ability the United States The fuehrer started the discus on rnlted staits e March headquarters confer ence when the question of Japans next move in the Pacific arose One of his aides commented that pubhc opinion in the United States 1 s Manila fl Organized Japa nese resistance in the Philippines rapidly is approaching an end Less than 20 miles separated American soldiers and Filipino guerrillas converging from both the north and south toward a junction in the flat river bottom above Tuguegarao Gen Douglas MacArthur reported Wednesday Instead of fighting to the end in the lowlands at least half of an estimated 20000 Japanese on north Luzon were extricating themselves in a withdrawal to the mountainous wilderness of the Sierra Madres on the east leaving rear guards to fight a de laying action The same situation is true on Mindanao where Associated Correspondent Richard Bergholz reported time and space are run ning out for the enemy west of pavao Already harried Japanese have reached their last prepared positions in the TalomoDavao river plain Although they still are fighting fiercely Bergholz said it was obvious that the strong cohesive leadership which char acterized the Japanese retreat thus far was beginning to break and disorganization was setting in Relentless troops ofthe 24th infantry division moved so fast they drove the enemy off Mount Manoy one of the best spots for strong Japanese stand then smashed ahead to take Tamogan village The Yanks now have fought their way out of thick Abaca groves of Talomo worlds greatest hemp producing are moving up into mountainous areas and rain for ests Other 8th army troops on Mindanao hopped up the north coast to the mouth of Agusan river whose upper reaches prob Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional showers or thunderstorms Wednesda and Thursday No decided change in temperatures d Wed with rreunesaay with frequent thunderstorms contin uing m east until Thursday morning partly cloudy with cooler Thursday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with scattered showers and thunderstorms Wednesday night and Thursday Cooler north west portion Thursday after noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 77 Minimum Tuesday 59 At 8 a m Wednesday 69 Precipitation ios inch YEAR AGO Maximum gi Minimum 72 Precipitation 04 mak the Pacific the main theater of Hitler questioned that view but asserted that the American people t u Japan attitude by a 3 point prop aganda program To win over the Americans PacUic is eme M M Ajnericas interest sec ondly that defeat there means the of the Briti5h Then you have an overwhelm ig majority The Jews are against hat but the others have an over whelming majority Another nazi aide chimed in to from a German spe cial officer who had just returned noro Tunisia with some interest ing facts troops He interroffated American pris lers and says they are crazy characters the aide told Hitler Most of them came overseas to make money or gain experience in something new or to have some excitement You cannot speak of any poli tical purpose They are rowdies who run away very cannot withstand a crisis agreed wholeheartedly that version of the GI and hen remarked irrelevantly America will never become the Rome of the fnture Rome was an sncnltural stateThe Ameri navent mnch good stock good stock was squeezed nto a couple of areas where Enr peans appeared f Their farmers are so wretched ve seen some photographs the uehrer added in an apparent ref rence to the Okies of John Stei ecks Grapes of Wrath American farmers are so mis erable and deformed A completely otless stock which just wanders The conversation switched to ne English whom Hitler pro onnced as slishtly belter lhan mencans The fuehrer and his aides agreed iat British was fighting to pre area haven for Japanese of thelieiitralsection pi tne Philippines land Reporting on conditions inside Davao city prewar hotbed of proJapanese activity Bergholz said it was a dishonored city un wanted and unused by its con querors He said there had been some cases of sabotage and that most Filipinos were proJapanese as a result of the enemys prop aganda campaign There was no confirmation of repeated Japanese claims that Balikpapan last Japaneseheld oil center on the east coast of Bor neo was under attack by a large American surface force Wednes days communique did note con tinuation of heavy air strikes on Balikpxpan gnn positions and on Manggar airfield a dozen miles to the north Tokyo Radio made the uncon firmed claim that an allied cruiser was sunk and another damaged Monday in air attacks off Balik papan There was no confirmation of an enemy report of an allied land ing on Ternate island administra tive center of the Moluccas Ter nate is about 10 miles off the west coast of Halm ah era Truman left shakes wfth ec atefflt tains after he had signed the united tLs security right behind Stettinius are Cmdf Harold Stassen Uni State aide ans eroire but the e states had no definite pur tilt womens Farm Bureau 100000 Idle as Strikes Continue By UNITED PRESS Almost 100000 workers were idled by labor disputes over the nation Wednesday In Detroit Americas wartime arsenal 55000 were off their jobs Bat a backtowork vote of Inde pendent Truck Drivers promised quick return to normal transpor tation activity in the populous Chicago area Further indications ot industrial unrest were seen in reports that upwards of 20000 additional work ers either had scheduled strike votes or granted their leaders au thority fo call a walkout A CIOAFL jurisdiclional battle over reconversion construction and maintenance jobs kept 37000 away from work in Detroit Other motor city strikes reflecting unionman agement differences and rebellion within the United Auto Workers Union accounted for the other 18000 idle Chicago truckers Tuesday night agreed to endtheir for higher pay and a shorter week A dispute marked by government seizure of trucking lirms JAP GENERAL KlCllttF Okinawa Head Died in HaraKiri Rites Army Headquarters Okl nawa bodies of the Jap anese commanding general o Okinawa and his chief of staff who had slit their stomachs i hara kiri ceremonies have bee found in rshallow rock graves a the southeastern tip of the Ameri canwon island Col Cecil w Nisf of Salem Ore 24th army corps staff of ficer said the bodies in full fiel uniforms with medals and insig nia have been identified positive ly as those of Lt Gen Milsuri ima general o tue 3Znd Japanese army and Lt Gen Isamu Cho his chief of staf The hara kiri ceremony fo Ushrjima and Cho was held at th entrance to a huge headquarter cave on hill 89 while 10th armj soldiers were in foxholes 100 yard away The 200foot hill is between Mabuni town and the ocean The bodies were found at the base of a cliff 75 yards from tht cave entrance which opened onto a narrow ledge 6 feet wide and 20 feet long Their stomachs had been sli crosswise and heir heads virtu ally severed Buried with Cho was a heavy comforter and white silk mattress cover On it he had written hi own epitaph day 6th month year of Showa era I depart without regret fear shame or ob ligation Army Chief Staff Cho Isamu Age of departure 51 years The story of the hara kiri cere mony was told by a Japanese prisoner who said he had been a cook for General Ushijima His story At 3 a m on June 2 the cook was busy when an BULLETIN judiciary approved committee legislation house Wednesday embodying T triij UVAjyiTlP President Trumans proposal to make the speaker of the house next m line of presidential suc 1 cession preparing breakfast came and whis pered that Ushijima and Cho were going to commit seppuku Japa nese term for honorable suicide Forty minutes later both gen erals appeared in full field uni form with their medals pinned to their boots highly polished They were accompanied ty aides and followed by members Eta the narrow ledge at the seaward entrance Ushijitna knelt with his knees a sheet his head bent slightly forward Cho knelt on his left An aide held 2 knives each half wrapped in white cloth An ad jutant with drawn saber stood on Ushijmias right Both gener Jared their abdomens As Ushmma plunged a knife into his stomach the adjutant swung his saber downwards severing he umbled Umn He Cho went through an identical ceremony President Truman to Make Momentous Announcement on Arrival in Missouri AH I can say is that it is Ross announcement had and departmental corridors more for its make a dra uiit me president ni matic personal appeal to the senate on that day the pFesident eagerly awaited his first return home edeathtf April 12 alter JOY Blue Cancels rip to Mackinac on Advice of Physician Des Moines of his octors request Gov Robert D lue has cancelled his rip to Mackinac Island Mich vhere he was to have attended a meeting of governors July 1 to 4 is office announced Wednesday The governor has been ill at ome since last Friday suffering rom what the doctor said was a ight case of tonsilitis His office announced that he had ppointed Dr W S Edmund of ed Oak to a 3year term on the ate board of osteopath examin rs succeeding Dr H B Willard Delaxvare Also announced was the reap ointment of Carl E Johnson of ttumwa for a 3 year term on the ate board of embalmer examin s The appointments are paid on per day and traveling expenses basis Expect Cut in Armys Point Setup Washington Hill expects the army soon to cut the present 85 point score required for discharge to either 80 or 78 The final decision will be made on the basis of reports being re lY the war department om field commanders House military committee mem Bers say the new critical score will not change the weighing of points allotted in the tentativi program A man still will receive J each month of service 1 additional point month of foreign service 5 points for each Battle and 12 points for each child n ln of 3 No points are allowed for service after May 12 PERU TO HAVE FREE PRESS PresidentElect Pledges Abolishment of Censors By JAMES I MILLER Lima Peru will be freedom of the press here Dr Jose Luis Justamente president elect of Peru promised in an in terview Wednesday Justamente said that one of the first acts of his government after he is inaugurated July 28 will be to abolish censorship and other re strictions on the free spreading of news Since election returns indicate tnac Justamente will have an ab solute majority in both houses ot congress the prospects are that his program will go through The lat est returns gave him 241347 votes 0 108686 for his opponent Gen Eloy G Ureta Justamente said economic policy would be based on increased pro duction balanced budgets and the encouragement of private capital nvestment The solution of Perus pressing economic problems will be given riority attention Justamcntc said He said he would like to sec idle capital put into farming and slock raising mainly althouch there are sonre manufacturini industries in need of a vitalizing injection of apital The new president denied that his government would try to di vide large privatelyowned estates Itnough he said it would try to irevent the creation of such es ates in the future We are not going to divide any odys lands or properties Jutsa mente said but stimulate the cre tion of new and small properties or the workers of the fieldswho vill own their small parcels next o the big estates freeing tm rom having to depend on wages nd enabling them to improve heir standards of living by their wn initiative harlie McCarthy Is Once Hollywood OJPJ Charlie Mo Earthy the worlds bestknown lockhead couldnt explain Vednesday how he happened to vmd up in the wrong city when is boss Edgar Bergen took him or an airplane ride The usually voluable venlrilo uist dummy made the trip from hicago tucked away in a suit se in the planes nose as first ass baggage Bergen got off at os Angeles McCarthy and the uitcase were put off at San rancisco Airline officials who surmised r s and from your GlobeGarette carrier boy roval MOVE SPURRED BY TRUMANS URGENT PLEA Make Charter Live President Emphasized in Closing Address San Francisco A move ment to wm the quickest possible ratification for the united nations charter grew among conference delegates Wednesday It was spurred on by President Trumans urgent plea to make the new world peace plan a living thing The chief executive himself af ter making the final address of the 9ueek conference Tuesday is en route to Washington by way of Jus home at Independence Mo to carry the charter formally and personally before the senate next Monday I am sure he told the dele gates of 50 nations here that the overwhelming sentiment of th Roosevelt Wilson Present in Spirit San Francisco former American presidents received re peated acclaim at the final session ot the united nations conference every one ot the speak ers before paying tribute to Presi dent Harry S Truman on the plat form above them gave thanks lirst to Woodrow Wilson and FranklinDelano Roosevelt peopleof representativesin the state irin A of immediate ratifibation An Associated Press poll which reached 26 of the delegations showed that 20 the 26 expect meir nations to ratify the charter Before the presidents appear ance 2 members of he American delegation will open the drive for ratification Chairman Con D Tex of the foreign re lations committee and Senator Vandcnberg PlanD rcclly R Mich left by esaay night to return di nay wl report to the senate Thursday and Vandenberg will spcafc on Friday ay State Stettinius also for Washington with top state department officials Tuesday Ahead of him is the task of lead ing the array of witnesses on world organization who will ap pear beforethe senate foreign re lations committee Stetlinius left Leo Pasvolsky an jiu auj JiuAtrd harlie had been taken the lane by mistake hunted through dozen air terminals on the route r the original narJie before the dummy was seated in San Francisco fn the united nations or ganization here to attend an or gamzaUon meeting of the united nations preparatory commission Wednesday This commission in eluding representatives of all 50 nations will have its regular headquarters in London will pre pare for the creation of the united nations organization and recom mend a site for permanent head Mr Truman witnessed the slim injr of the charter fay the Ameri can deleffation The United Slates delegation signed in 38th place The president and Stettinius then went immediately into the nnal conference session in S a n Franciscos opera house and the signing by the remaining 12 na tions was suspended until after Stettinius had rapped the final gavel at p m CWT Adjournment had no effect on the signing and in fact it will actually be completed in Wash ington since only English and trench texts were available Wed nesday and Chinese Spanish and Russian are still to come Guate Mr Truman was preceded on the roslrum by 10 speakers the delegation chiefs of the On i ted States Russia Britain China trance Mexico Brazil Saudi Arabia Czechoslovakia and South Over and over again they ham these main statements U I he San Francisco conference has exceeded expectations in pro ducing a better charter than any body thought it could 2 This charter provides for a good piece of machinery but whether it pre serves international peace and se how 3 The nations attending here have conquered many difficulties to come to their final agreement and now have closer friendship fore understanding than ever be Ambassador Andrei Cromyko of Russia declared that one should be surprised not at tie   

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