Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Presj Full Leased Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 26 1945 This Paper Consists of Two NO 823 JAPS FEAR NEW LANDING Men 50 United Nations Sign Historic World Peace Charter SAN FRANCISCO GREETS PRESIDENT flank both sides of Market street as the presidential party drives up the street after President Trumans arrival from Portland Ore He will address the closing session of the united nations conference Tuesday AP wirephoto INSIDE WASHINGTON New Formula Offered To Avoid Another War By HELEN ESSAKY Central Press Columnist WashingtbiHSome of the great ininds of hammer at enfeebled ear Withtalk of World war ITIThis is the new certaintyWorld war HI The great military minds down in the aircboled Pentagon build ing have gone in for a kind of low moan which goes something like this i World war I and World war II are but preparations for World war III Wars I and II have been mere warming up exercises They have taught us more about how to and destroy than all the other of1history put together World war III will give the new ingenuity and the old evil in man a real chance Now having started your day happily I shall offer the practical suggestion offered by one great military mind on the best chance of avoiding World war HI Make people realize how much a war cash In cash out of their own pockets In the months before war breaks upon us while the tomtoms are whip ping up the war fever the cost of trying to save the world means nothing but a few marks on pa per It is hard enough at any time to appreciate money figures on paper And thehigher the figures go the less able you are to com prehend them If the president of the Unitec States should say for example that the outlay required of thi American people by the United States treasury in the presen emergency is about 3 billion dol lars your mind o mine appreciate the months am years of work and taxation needei to accumulate that much money Certainly not The words bil lions of dollars have no more re ality than the statement in an as tronomy textbook that some sia is a trillion miles away Not nnti the time comes to pay up the bil lion the war has burned up lik so mnch chaff in a forest fire doe the dimwitted citizen begin understand what he has let him iclf in for If that knowledge could be im pressed on him before war is de there should be som way of getting this knowledg we might have a fain hope of a lasting peace Poeti words and horror stories won stop wars Youve got to hit a hu man being in his pocket book you really want to scare him The most confusing stories com out of France A young Frenchma I knew in the pale prewar da came to call the other day He an his family had been through th German occupation but I coul not discover that they had suf fered too much from the invaders He himself had been in a priso camp but because of a slight In jury which prevented him from fighting he was sent back to Pan a free man and got himself an ex cellent post in the French service His brother had also been take prisoner by the Germans bu when he developed appendiciti the Germans returnedvhim to h family Of course it was tough WARNS AGAINST NAZI POTENTIAL Reich Must Be Watched for Washington UK Foreign LecV T fiiWley that jerrnanys warmaking potential s tremendous despite years of al ed bombing He said if the Germans had eld but S months longer they night have been able to hit New York with Vbombs a little after vards they could have sent jet ropelled planes against Wash ngton and if left alone now they ould be better prepared for war vithin 5 years than they were in 939 when Hitler launched his i ilitz against Poland Crowley gave a senate military ffairs subcommittee investigat ng Germanys ca pacities a summary of what his agency has been able to learn on he subject through 29 surveys Covering virtually every phase of ierman industrial economy He said the allied powersvmust be prepared for a longterm oc upation Germany and rigid ndustrial control if the German var machine is not again to breaten the peace of the world He conceded that allied bomb ngs was a major factor in the defeat of Germany But contrary to popular be ief allied bombing did not re duce most German plants to ut ter ruin he declared PRESIDENT WILL ADDRESSGROUP AFTER Triumphant Session of Conference Approves Final Treaty Version San Francisco great issues of warand peace hanging on their pen strokes delegates of 50 countries went to a flagdraped conference auditorium Tuesday to sign the new united nations char ter and then hear President Tru man make his first major address on American foreign policy A triumphant meeting of the united nations last working night aproved the final version of the charter The signatures go on Tuesday next comes the slower process of ratification Rapping Monday nights session to its close Britains delegation chief the Earl of Halifax who presided solemnly told the con ference I think we all agree we have taken part in a historic mo ment in world history All con troversy had been cleared away days before this final action ant the vote approval was a unani mous standing vote The signing ceremony was callec to start around 11 a m CWT 5uperf orts Drop 3000 Tons of High Explosives on Jap War Production Centers BULLETIN Washington medium force of American Superfortresses aunched a new attack on industrial targets on the main Japanese island of Honshu Tuesday Guam aircraft gun and ammunition factories on Japans main island of Honshu were smashed with more than 3000 tons of ighexplosive bombs from 450 to 500 Superfortresses at noon Tues ay v Roaring in at medium altitudes with an escortof Mustang fighters om I wo Jima the esses dealt their most powerful IMPROVING Detroit Strike Threat Averted Temporarily By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A bright ray broke through dark of unrest along the Hitlers HalfBrother BeerHall Proprietor Arrested in Hamburg With the 21st Army Group authoritative allied source said Tuesday that a halfbrother of Adolf Hitler formerly the pro prietor of a beer tavern in Berlin fiad been arrested in Hamburg by British security police Security police declined to talk about the case but it was under stood the name was not he had not seen Hitler for a long time Tuesday with Dr V K Welling ton Koo of China heading a prc cession of 153 delegates into the auditorium President Truman who re celved a welcome t the city Monday is scheduled i make the closing address of th conference beginning about 7 p m CWT His speech will brief talks by delegation chief of the big 5 and representatives o 5 small nations beginning at P m Officials estimated that th signing would require about hours A last minute change i plans pushed Argentina out o alphabetical first place and pu the conference sponsoring power and France at the head of the or der of signers The one exceptio was that the United States as hos country and in order to simplif witnessing of the ceremony b Truman preferred 1 appear in 50th place These ceremonies complete months and a day of intense con ference work They make th symbolically one of the great day for which the allied world ha fought and planned since the 2n World war day o which the victorious govemmen subscribe to a plan for preventin a 3rd World war How well the plan will wor delegates generally agreed is question for the future alone an depends on how much peoples an governments determine to mak it work Unless all the big 5 and 23 othe nations take this action the pro jected world organization will not come into existence In the United States this is a low to date in their new cam aign to erase Japanese industry ith precision demolition bomb g Some targets were hit visually ut others required the use of in truments through cloud cover The targets were 2 airplane plants nd 3 ammunition and ordnance rorks in the Nagoya area 2 air iane plants at Kagamigahara ear Gifu 20 miles north of Na oya the Japanese armys larg est arsenal and the countrys larg st propeller factory both at Osa a and an aircraft plant at Aka hi 10 miles west of Kobe All had been hit previously ei her with high explosives or in the e c e n t firebombing campaign which burned out an estimated 12 square miles of Japanese in dustrial areas Tokyo broadcast a Japanese communique claiming S Superforis vere shot down and crippled y ground fire The unconfirmed broadcast added that the attack was the largest precision demoli ion strike ever made against Japanese war industry The raid 2nd in 5 days was argesf hurhbef of targets ever chosen for any B29 mission It was exceeded only by the 11 targets in neutraliz ing blows against Kyushu island air bases April 26 With the B295 hastening to en force Gen H H Arnolds prom ise of bombs on Japan at a rate of 2000000 tons a year by July 1 other American planes were strik ing the enemy throughout the Pa cific nations labortroubled front Tuesday A threat of a strike of hundreds of thousands of workers in the heavy industrial area of Detroit was lifted at least temporarily In Chicago the governments promise to break a strike of truck drivers alter it seized 1700 lines 10 days ago appeared near ful fillment In Columbus a CIO official said he expected an early end of the strike of 15000 glass workers in 10 plants in 6 states Six Pitts burgh Plate Glass company and 4 LibbeyOwensFord plants are al But there remained scores of disputes apparently no nearer set tlement The latest count of men MAY BE NEXT LANDING 2nd largest of the Ryukyu islands may be the next II S invasion site according to some observers More than 100 American transports and 2 powerful allied task forces are reported by Tokyo radio to be gathering offMiyako island and to the south of Okinawa now in United States hands Japanese Report Renewal of Allied Bombardment of Borneo Port Manila Radio Tokyo reported Tuesday that an allied fleet again was bombarding Balikpapan on Borneo and that allied troops and women staying away from had landed on tiny Ternate island in the Moluccas inhc nvpr TH n their jabs over have the Germans in France said the Frenchman but they were careful not to intrude too much The countryside suffered terribly But Paris was untouched A severe food shortage I do not think so in most places You see France is a very fertile coun try Crops and animals grow fast My brothers business is very good again He is a banker And my sisters husband has an excel Tcnt government post There has indeed been a servant shortage in Paris and my mother has had but one maid And there were times when we had little fpcl That was last winter Now every one is hap pier The shortage oj clothing That perhaps was exaggerated Many French cpulurieres had a surplus of materials This accounted for the bigv hats that were the style They were a scheme to use up the materials As I have said at least once a week how do you know the truth when you see it in a foreign lan guage or any where else problem for the senate primarily and signs are mounting daily that the senate will approve Senator Vandenberg of Michigan a repub lican leader and member of the American delegation here an nounced Monday he would make every effort to secure its ratifica tion with reasonable speed Weather Report FORECAST Mason cloudi ness and somewhat warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday with occasional thunderstorms showers and Iowa Considerable cloudiness Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday scattered thunder showers in west Tuesday and in entire state Tuesday night and SAW JAPS KILL YANK PRISONERS Korean Deserter Tells of Bayonet Massacre Chungking Korean sub lieutenant who deserted the Japa nese at Swatow charged Tuesday that he had witnessed the bayonet massacre of 154 American and British prisoners of war at a Jap anese prison camp near Zentsuji Shikoku island in the main Japa nese group on April 26 1944 The Korean whose name can not be revealed deserted the Jap anese at Swatow in March and ar rived in Chungking this month He said he had been forced by he Japanese to join their army and was on a mission to the Zent uji camp when he witnessed the massacre which he attributed chiefly to a shortage of food but also to provide practice for Japa nese army recruits He said that at the time there was a shortage food not ony for prisoners but also for the army and for the general public The Japanese picked sick prisoners for the bayonet practice About 220 Japanese soldiers jarticipated in the bayoneting the Korean said They were divided into 3 groups each of which was allotted about 50 prisoners The Japanese he said tied each prisoner to a wooden cross and he Japanese major in charge made a speech to the victims tell ing them You are all Christians and it will be glory for you to die in the same way as Jesus Christ As Jesus Christ had a resurrection in 3 days you will certainly have one also approximated 80000 The total in cluded more than 39000 in De troit Immediate danger of a wide spread walkout in some 300 De troit factories was averted Mon day night by action CIO union officials who tabled a proposal to call a strike for some 38000 or ganized maintenance men About 1500 of the 30000 idle auto work ers in Detroit were CIO mainte nance men Rival AFLC1O unionists planned Tuesday to resume efforts to settle the jurisdictional dispute which has kept idle the auto workers including 22000 at the Packard Motor company and the 7500 at Budd Wheel A second conference of the rival unionists in Washington with the depart ment of labor was projected in an attempt to settle the dispute over reconversion jobs in the auto in dustry The new developments in the East Indies came as the American 37th division in northern Luzon was within 4 miles of Tuguegarao where a gallant guerrilla fought off almost constant Japa nese counterattacks Some 30 odd surface units in cluding cruisers and destroyers are now bombarding Balikpapan said the enemy broadcast The oil center on the east coast of Bor neo has been under sea and air fire for more than two weeks Enemy minesweepers are re ported clearing our minefields but no indications a landing are ob served Tokyo said The Japanese Domei news agency reported the invasion of Ternate Wednesday cooler in extreme west Wednesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with scat tered showers and thunder storms Warmer Tuesday night Cooler northwest portion Wednesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 77 Minimum Monday 53 At 8 a m Tuesday 64 YEAR AGO Maximum 94 Minimum 73 Precipitation trace Everyone Is Planning on Street Dance Weather permitting the south siders plan to excel the northsid ers in selling War Bonds in the 7th War Loan drive with a bond rally in street dance Tuesday night Little more than a week ago the northsiders sold in War Bonds at an auction held in Cen tral park All day Tuesday the sou Insiders have been making preparations for the event that will top all Mums the word but theres plenty of fun in store Everyones going to be there tonight a few miles off of Halmahera in the the The Korean said the Japanese had 5 large camps for prisoners of war in Japan proper in the vi cinity of Kukakawa near Tokyo Zentsuji Fukuoka on Kyushu and Moji and in the western part of Japan He said there were large camps in Korea at Seoul and Chemulpo one at Kwelung Formosa and another at Kiangwan near Shanghai He said he understood that Gen Jonathan Wainwright was at Zentsuji and British Gen A E Percival who surrendered at Sing apore at Chemulpo which lies west coast Molucca islands northwest of New Guinea The island commands the approaches to Ternate harbor one of the finest ports iu that part of the East Indies Domei said about 300 troops landed on the island which is only 7 miles long and about 25 miles square It was the first Dutch col ony in the East Indies While Tuesdays communique did not confirm the landings it reported that light naval units had strafed and fired rockets on enemy beach positions in the Halmhera group In the Philippines fighting about 50 miles now separated the 37th division advancing north in the Cagayan valley and the air borne troops driving south from where they landed near Aparri on the north coast Saturday morn ing The airborne force made fresh progress but no details were given The 37th was meeting steady opposition in its drive on Gugue garao which was under Japanese attack from the east In Sundays advance the Americans killed 17 Japanese and captured 20 They also captured a number of largi artillery pieces which the Japa nese had been using to shell nar row highway number five the route of advance Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique Tuesday said that thi Japanese in northern Luzon were thoroughly trapped between the 37th and the airborne troops Thi enemy had an estimated 2000i troops in northern Luzon but the losses have been high in recen fighting Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 3 Chinese Columns Converge on Vital Liuchow Air Base Chungking raged on 3 sides of Liuchow Tuesday as the Japanese continued their des perate defense of the air base city the Chinese high command re ported Chinese troops opened another attack on the bitterlycontested airfield south of the city first reached last Friday To the north of the city the helpers and walked out with B Chinese captured Tapuchen and Pounds of pork tenderloin and reached the western suburbs of 14 pound ham Lieucheng 8 miles from Liuchow The 3rd column driving along the KwangsiKwantung railroad northwest of the city crossed to the east bank of the Lieu river to within 3 miles of Liuchov Make Mine on Rye Chicago 2 gunmer who entered the Zenith cafe didn stop at the cashiers cage The went right into the kitchen threat ened the chef Frank Anton and MINESWEEPER SUNK Washington n a v Tuesday announced the loss of th minesweeper Salute as a result o enemy action in the Borneo area NDIAN CONFAB GOING WELL Report Leaders Approve SelfGovernment Plan Simla India UR Reliable ources said Tuesday that Brit ins plan for broader Indian self overnment has been accepted rovisionally by the conference of ndian leaders Practically all British proposals vere understood to have been ap roved tentatively including those or HinduMuslim parity on an xecutive council and the reten ion of the viceroys right of veto The only stumbling block re naining was believed the method or selection of panels from which epresentatives for the proposed lew government would be chosen Bhulabha Desai one of the rep esentatives of Mohandas K Gandhis allIndia congress told newsmen that work at the confer ence was going well Gandhi himself has not attended the meetings DECISIVE HOUR NEAR PREMIER WARNS PEOPLE Radio Tokyo Speculates New Blows May Fall on Isles North of Okinawa By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Contradictory Japanese broad casts Tuesday hinted at new allied invasions islands closer to ths Japanese homeland but there was no allied confirmation and the Japanese perhaps were only speculating on the next American move The AllIndia radio heard In London reported picking up one Japanese announcement that forces were attempting a landing on an island halfway between conquered Okinawa and the Japanese main Islands Such a broadcast was not heard elsewhere however and the Brit ish radio as recorded by CBS in New York reported an other Tokyo broadcast as saying only that an allied invasion fleet of 200 ships is expected to at tempt landings on 2 islands about half way between Okinawa and Japan The FCC also recorded the broadcast of a Tokyo newspaper correspondent who merely pre dicted that the allies might at tempt to strike next at Amaml or another island hi the northern Kyukyus Neither the broadcast heard in London nor the broadcast report ed from India mentioned the names any islands Amami island is about 300 miles south of Kyushu southernmost of Japans main islands Guam reported a 200ship American invasion fleet olf Okinawa Tuesday and Premier Kantaro Suzuki warned the Japa nesepeoplE their decisive hour wasat hand One enemy broadcast speculated that American invasion forces may land on Amami and Kikai is lands 110 miles northeast of Oki nawa to gain further bases before striking at Japan itself The American preinvasion bombardment of Japan meantime rose to a new high pitch with nearly 500 Superfortresses blast ing buildings at 10 Japanese arms and aircraft works into smoking rubble in a daylight raid It was tho heaviest precision demolition and greatest multiple air assault yet made on Japan Radio Tokyo said the 200shlp invasion fleet was in the Ameri canheld Kerama islands just southwest of Okinawa It was said to include 3 battleships 3 cruis ers and a number of large me dium and small transports Tokyo said Suzuki bluntly called the present crisis the greatest one Killer Dies in Chicago Gun Duel Chicago blazed along streets on Chicagos near North Side Monday night as 2 police detectives engaged in a running gun fight with a suspect who was shot to death by one of the of ficers a few minutes after he had fatally wounded Detective Mor ris Friedman As Friedman 45 and a veteran of 17 years on the robbery de tail with several citations fell to the street his companion Detec tive Rudolph Friedl returned fire at the suspect who carried 2 guns A parked automobile served as cover for the duelists as they kept circling the machine and shooting Bullet holes were punched through the windows of the car Deputy Chief of Detectives John T Warren identified the slain gunman as Lyman Stanton Hei man 37 of Detroit an excon vict and veteran of World War II His army discharge papers Warren said indicated he was a veteran of the Italian and Sicilian campaigns that he had been wounded and was decorated with the purple heart since the Mongolian invasion in a message to the Japanese people following a cabinet meeting He pledged his governments grim determination to resist invasion The prolonged defense of Oki nawa enabled Japan to improve her strategic position he said but added Enemy air raids over Japan are likely to srow both in intensity and frequency while new enemy invasion operations must also be expected Now is the time to decide the destiny of the Japanese empire Suzuki said Japans strategy of defense already had been fixed and would be implemented with speed and resolution Japanese planes continued their furious attacks against allied vessels around Okinawa Monday night and early Tuesday radio Tokyo said It made no claim that any vessels had been sunk or damaged however Superfortresses dropped 3000 tons of highexplosive demolition bombs on factories along a 150 mile are stretching through Aka shi Osaka Nagoya and Gifu in Tuesdays attack on the main ene my home island of Honshu Never before had the B29s hit so many separate targets on so large a scale A Japanese commu nique said 8 Superfortresses were shot down and 14 others crippled but the claim probably was exag gerated Ministers 11 Children Hold 14 College Degrees Halls Tcnn OJR The Rev and Mrs E B Wiley Halls aro firm believers in seeing to it that their children receive educations The couple has 11 children boys and 3 girls and every one of the children has graduated from high school and attended college Eight the children have A B degrees 5 have M A degrees and theres one PhD in the lot Two of the children are mini sters and 2 are college professors V i womens Farm Bureau toi Mas son I J
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.