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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, June 21, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORf H IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE THAT TO ALL NORTH MASON cmr JOWA THUBSDAY HOME EDITION 19f5 OKINAWA BATTLE INSIDE WASHINGTON Veterans Administrator Job Men Like Gen Bradley By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent Casting not one generals and admiral It thl arrned forces of the United States Inrt idown for minutes and talk about a really hard job j of veteran admilus new sicLniiDistrjitor AS Prcs Truman announced Swishing general who IS a gen enas fa tell a chore that IS a chore for the general to do fcr ra civilian who hadnt been brooding over the matter being might have the sound of just another mcnt Maybe role to Wc days angvin orders to brass hats of lower rank and to grumbling clerks On the contrary I am Wormed being veterans administrator for the next few years is going to be about a hundred times harder than winning a big battle There is not a single pleasant feature tacked on to the office except the auimportant one of every office satisfaction of getting re stilts Getting results in the case of the veterans administrator means Personally looking after tne health morals families and Truman Speech to Close San Francisco Conference NEW HOPE FOR WORLD PEACE means of about 10 aou 10 OMJOO restless anxious onetime fighters of World war n World war I plus the SpanishAmerican V3f IS PRODUCT Real Work Done Delegates Will Get Final Speeches Made San Francisco charter embracing the views of 50 uaited nations was wrapped up Thursday into a world document designed to maintain peace President Truman now Polish Exile Government May Ask British Action Sabotage Trial cede in taking f is this has been acreainiLtask ine newVeterans administrator M a mocest manr hiVffieritto say ntyer to Dramatize him self But he has dramatized the manager actorHe thinks V nuiuis in terms of the men in his command Not the wonderful success he will make for himself This rare char acteristic is one of the many rea sons he will make a swell veterans friendHe will be in the thick of things in the veterans bureau just as he wai in the thick of things in the war His promise to his troops on VDay Ill see you on the beaches is regarded as one of the classic remarks of the present war He is a good administrator the records say of Gen Omar Bradley He is a student He has been at tending congressional hearings on veteran problems He has the kind of humility which only first class people possess He is a familv man He likes his old friends best and rets upset if they suddenly taKe to calling him general in stead of Omar Hes an outdoor man Likes to fish and hnnt and loves dogs The army is his real passion And he hopes to go back to it some day As veterans administrator Gen Bradley will need these and many more qualities Whatever he does will be viewed critically by serv icemen and civilians Labor an capital are already in a state abou the returning veteran Is for ex ample the mechanic who ha been trained to fill the vacanc 2eft by the lighting man to b thrown out of work by the re turning fighting man who is likelv to have forgotten how to be a me chanic when he was fighting over seas But the fighting man will say promised to keep my job for me when you sent me off t kill or be killed Where is tha Answering such questions wil be bnt a small part of the prob lems awaiting the veterans ad ministration There will be none of the secrecy with which censor ship covers warfare to cloak the activities of the veterans adminis tration In the conduct of war head quarters army or navy may quietly order a change in com mands or staff The public never knows what has happened But the public will know about all the happenings within the vet erans administration OmaiBrad ley ought to be given heroic en couragement He didnt want the post But the president of the United States said Carry on Omar Omar like a good soldier obeyed Besides the president of the United States was just Harry Truman another Missourian Lecturer Tailed Spy Rome The Italian high commissariat for the punishment of fascist crimes said Thursday that Luigi Villari who had lec tured in the United Stales and other countries before the war had been arrested on charges of spying abroad for the fascist sei cret police uuw talcing brief holiday in Washington state will bring the united nations conference to a formal close with a speech on international affairs Tuesday afternoon that time the delegates of U5Sla nations represented here I quarters will be busy with a variety of techmcal problems and speech making sessions But the real work of the conference which met April 25 is accomplished It reached that stage Wednesday night A committee approved an AustralianHussian compromise empowering the proposed general assembly of nationsto discuss and make recommendations of any question within the scope the charter written here Thus ended a long struggle by tomake tSu sembly a town meeting ot ffie IrtS Potentially capable of ex CTUnr the pressure of public opin ion on the bippowrr controlled security council even though it could exercise no control over the council directly British quarters re fused to speculate on the possi bility that Britain would inter cede with Russia Britain and th United States still recognize th exile government as opposed t the sovietbacked Polish provi sional government in Warsaw It appeared likely however that the Moscow trial would Hasten a showdown in relation between Britain and the exile regime All of the convicted men were members or supporters o the exile government and sev eral testified that orders for at tacks on and propaganda against Russia came from London head to inter 4 months to io of Bolivia chair man of the committee on assembly powers attributed leadership in this struggle to Foreign Minister erbert V Evatt of Australia Ane last commission session to go over a chapter of the charter was called Thursday to receive the Andrades committee From the stage of commission ac tion the conference will move through plenary sessions in which four commissions will formally re port various sections of the char ter for approval Secretary of state Stettinius an nounced Wednesday that the char be signed Monday The Cllfent iU arrive Monday signing and will re ne closing session about 24 hours later When he to Washington The solution may come in the formation of a new Polish pro visional government of national unity including elements of the present Warsaw regime and Po IisJi moderate headed by former Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk of the London government Mikolajczyk and other Polish leaders already were conferring in Moscow on the establishment of such a coalition regime The United States and Britain Indi that would switch their support to War saw government if it were broad ened satisfactorily The source close to the Polish exile government contended hope fully that the sentences handed down by the military collegium of the soviet supreme court early Thursday morning would not weaken the governments posi He charged that both the evi dence and the conclusions of the soviet court were lies Testi mony that the exile government hoped for an antisoviet bloc led by Britain many was said STILWELL TO HEAD 10TH Veteran Opponent of Japs Gets New Post Joseph W Stilwell switched from his post n n Around forces to She Pacific has been selected by Gen Douglas MacArthur to com mand the U S 10th army now mopping up on Okinawa it was announced Thursday The veteran Japanese fighters transfer to the Pacific ocean area theater and his appointment to the command vacated by the death In action on Okinawa of U Gen Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr was announced from MacArthurs headquarters The assignment culminated a series of conferences among Sttt well MacArthur and other field commanders in the Pacific area recently and it is assumed he will take over the 10th army as Stilwell conferred with Maci Arthur earlier this week He left headquarters several days ago but stall is in the Pacific area MacArthnr as commander jw i 1CU m and including Ger s a tissue of lies he Buy your War Bonds and boT CZECHO SLOVAKIA ENDS Nimitz Announces Fall of Key to Jap Homeland of war shows LOCATION OP OCCUPATION in the American zone of occupation in Germany as an nourjced by army headquarters in Wiesbaden Senator Charges German Industrialists Plan to Rearm surrect Nazis of 01 he armyforces in the Pacific has verall jurisdiction ot the10th rmy bnt the Okinawa campaign under Adm Chester W Nimitz and under the operational control f the joint chiefs of staff Lt Gen Roy S Geiger a ma me general now is serving as stopgap commander of the 10th rmy in the mopping up opera ions on Okinawa The 63 year old Stilwell known s Vinegar Joe knows the en my as do few other field com manders TV v the charter him aer wh him to submit to the senate with a plea tor speedy ratification sections which a chapter setting up a system of international trusteeships for gov ernment of internationallyheld territories and also setting forth standards for colonial powers in of all dependent The charter does not specifically mention independence butitprom i V ernment and free political institu Ike Comes Home to Midwest BULLETIN Olympla Wash Truman said Thursday that Gen eral Duight 0 Eisenhower com mander of allied forces in Eur ope was entitled to anything h wants and that he would see tha the genera gets it Kansas City of th army Dwight D Eisenhower an 53 members of his official party returning from Europe came horn Thursday to his native middle west to receive a tumultuous 2 state homecoming celebration am greet his 83yearold mtoher Mrs Ida E Eisenhower of Abi lene Kans and 4 brothers Thi generals plane landed at Munici pal airport at m CWT General Ike in his gigantic 5 star plane The Sunflower step ped forth first and was given a tremendous ovation as he saluted the military band that greeted hlmGeneral Elsenhower then his mother her T KISS shook hands with Gov M Donnelly of Missouri and of Schoeppel Kan sas stepped forward to greet the general and aiter a brf to his 4 brothers the general tired to a room for a half hour of Ys immeiiate fami On hand also to greet him was his wife who had come from New York by train Played The Generals General Elsenhower In warm sunshine moved to e reception room after also freetinp Mayor John B Gage ot and mayors of Thursday night the whole Eisen semw 65 Of themwil1 or the first complete mily reunion in 20 years This wii be at Abilene KanCtte genf eral s home where he wili goby special train late Thursday braU aS CHy Parade WHO It ly returned from Germany Kilgrore aimed his accusation principally at leaders in German industrial cartels Masquerading as neutral businessmen without political al legiance they have already con ceived vicious plans for a 3rd at tempt at world conetuest hp declared Kilgore announced that the sub ject will be pursued further in hearings before the senate mili tary affairs subcommittee on war mobilization of which he is chair man The hearings begin Friday with Bernard M Baruch as the first witness State and justice de partment officials will follow One of the principal documcn releasedby Kilgore was a conf dential report on a meeting t German Industrialists at Stras hours on Auir 10 1914 Author snip of the document was not dis closed It dealt with plans of lead ing industrialists for dissociatin themselves with the nazi party strengthening their economic con tacts with foreign firms an cloaking future activities unde the guise of nonmilitary re search The Strasbourg meeting ac cording to Kilgoresevidence was held in the Hotel Rotes Hau and attended by principal Ger man industrialists with interests in France Presiding was a Dr Scheid holding the rank of Sr S ober KTOppenfuhrer and director of th Hece Hermandorff and Schon cure company Others included representative of such leading German indus think Hitler May Be in Hamburg Hamburg m the Rumors that area and area an ol his possible capture within the city itself are increasing since was UWjjig wcilimn mails tries as Krupp Rochling Messer schrmtt Rheinmetall Bussing and Volkswagenwork factories and representatives of the German naval ministry and the ministry of armament Scheid was quoted as telling the group that German industry must recognize the war was lost and must take steps for a post war commercial campaign They were told to make ind alliances withforeign ndividually and without attracting any suspicion They were told to lay the groundwork for borrowing considerable sums n foreign countries after the war As examples of the kind of penetration which has been most USfuLln the past Scheid re portedly cited Patents for stainless steel be onged to the Chemical Founda Inc New York and the company of Germany TheU S Steel corpora ion CarnegieIllinois Steel cor American Steel and Wire National Tube etc were to work vith the Krupp concern Buy your War Bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette arrier boy Believe among German civilians Joachim von RibbentroD picked up here Residents to whom one corres pondent talked in Hamburg where many other nazi bigwigs the story Berlin They are more disinclined than ever to lend credence to it since conflicting reports have been given as to how Hitler allegedly rnet death by men who coltend they were on the scene still are of Hitlers death the enrop case amid a high degree of secrecy He may have had many interesting visitors during his seven week aParment house room which he presumably rented from The divorcee insists the only caller on Ribbentrop that she saw However she admits her roomer may have had many visitors when she was absent He always asked me the exact I would return when I in a Aral M tates already has VtMATC If A VO 62Un nrenavatfmia j TARIFF BILL INCLUDING CUT Broadened Legislation Needs Only Signature of Truman to Be Law Washington broadened extended reciprocal trade legisla tion which President Truman called of the first order of im portance for the success of my ad ministration was his for the sign ing Thursday The senate passed it late Wed nesday by a vote of 54 to 21 First it restored a houseapproved pro vision permitting Mr Truman to reduce selected tariff rates an other 50 per cent Then it slapped down a series of proposed re strictive amendments Chairman George ol the senate finance committee had made good on Tuesday his effort to put back the additional rate cutting provision which had been rtimihated in committee 10 to 9 Heand other administration demo crats joined by a considerable number of republicans followed up the initial victory by defeating Wednesday all other attempts to amend the bill and by passing it in the same form in which it cleared the house It extends the trade law 3 more years and with the additional ratecutting authority gives the president and the state department fresh bargaining power in work ing out exportimport deals with other nations As expected an amendment of fered by Senator OMahoney D proposing that all new trade agreements be madesubject to congressional approval set off the most fireworks But it went down 49 to 27 on a rollcall vote the same score as de feated another by Senator Ship stead to exempt virtu ally all farm products from tariff reductions OMahoney contended that con gress unwisely was delegating away its rightful powers a charge ridiculed by Senator George and Lucas DI11 Lucas termed the amendment a move back toward economic isolationism Only 7 from west ern 20 republicans supported the OMahoney proposal In quick order the senate dis posed of several minor amend ments and passed the bill ending 7 days consideration Leaders are hopeful of bringing another key measure in the ad ministrations foreign policy be fore the senate next Bretton Woods monetary agree ments begun preparations for a di rect invasion of the Japanese mainland Nimitzs brief triumphant com mumque reported that all organ ized Japanese resistance on OM nawa hardwon stepping atone Island only 330 miles southwest rf Japan ended Thursday Remnants of the enemy garri son m 2 small pockets in the southern portion of the island are being mopped up the com munique said nih Wednesday marines and oughboys of the 10th army had split diehard enemy remnants into 3 separate death pockets wimitzs announcement indicated one of the 3 pockets since had been wiped out and the others re duced to impotency Total Japanese casualties were not announced immediately but onenrnwere believea well above the 90000 mark A total of 8W43 Japanese dead had been counted through Tuesday and 2565 other enemy troops had surrendered American casualties have not been tallied for publication since May 24 Then they totalledI in the army marine corps and navy including 9602 dead At that time the American casualty already had exceeded those suffered in the invasions of Tarawa two and Saipan previ ously the most costly irTthe Pal cific campaign Conquest of the island Americans an island base 80 miles long with a number of air bSIs and sufficient ground area to de Ploy hundreds of thousands of troops for the invasion of Japan The retnrn of Stilwell one of Americas most experienced far eastern warriors to a field com mand for the bisr Pacific battles to come was announced by Arthur in Manila in his a n s new Pactty as commander of all army forces in the Pacific Okinawa at present is under the overall operational command Chester Ma A Chester WNimitbut MacArfhurs new post leaved the selection local army command ers to him Stilwell will succeed U Gen Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr who i action on Okinwa only Monday as he watched his forces carve up the Japanese rem nants m the final phase of the campaign e With the battle of Okinawa now officially concluded Stilwell can concentrate on readying the com battested IQth army for the next Vf e Pacific warA Ma dispatch said it was a virtual certainty that he would be one of the top commanders for the con quest of Japan present somewhere In on a tour of battle u the War your and Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with scattered showers and thunder storms Friday seasonal temper atures owa Fair Thursday Thunder most of state Friday armer Thursday and cast FddayniSht Wamer in Itanesola Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Widely scattered showers Friday Warmer Thursday night IN MASON CITY M eTGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 73 Minimum Wednesday 48 At 8 a m Thursday 60 Would Strip OPAof Food Power Washington IP Broadening recommendation from Herbert Hoover representative Jenkins ROhio Thursday proposed a amendment trans t rs over ood the agriculture department Jenkins read to the house VCUer Hoovcr the f0rmer President and Ja administrator for an administrative rev and fats AGO Alaximum Minimum 74 62 Referring to scarcities in cities Hoover criticized conditions he said produced black markets and set forth a 12point program de 5 meet the Problem He suggested concentrating authority under a system where no eovern ment subsidies would be required exstnce existence and fats every city of the coun distribution and Bureau uiascm i tw VI UAvllC fronts and training areas and will take over his new command as soon as he can reach Okinawa Manila said Radio Tokyo said informed quarters in the Japanese reported American preparations under way for their next opera tions which in all probability will involve direct invasion of Japan Tokyo cited these signs of American intentions raids on small as well as large Japanese cities point to an attempt to destroy the countrys transportation network and facto ries in a prelude to invasion than 100 American transports are at anchor In the Americanwon Kerama Islands southwest of Okinawa and 2 navaj task forces have appeared near Miyako island farther southwest 3 Gen Douglas MacArthurs es tablishment of a western Pacific command indicates that laree bases are to be set up for the as sembly personnel and material for an invasion of Japan Radio Tokyo also revealed that the newspaper Mainichi had pub lished Photographs of Admirals Chester W Nimitz Raymond A Spruance and other American offi cers who guide the war strategy An accompanying article the broadcast said analyzes the ene my Pacific fleet which may make its appearance in the near waless ot Japan giving its character arid readth length and Still another broadcast uld Ja pan was rushin the construction of portable electric blast furnaces Jo convert the scrap from bomb devastated cities into grenades and other weapons to smite the ene my invaders eld dispatches from Okinawa the last surviving Japanese   

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